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lkbZ Ñik dh ikou Le`fr;k¡

pqds FksA Jh fpVful us *Jh lkbZ HkDr lekt] fnYyh* ds uke ls


fot;n'keh 1966 dks ,d vkSj laLFkk dh uhao MkyhA ;g laLFkk
mUgksaus vius nksuksa flusek ?kj ds deZpkfj;ksa rFkk vius fe=ksa dks
lnL; cukdj] vkjEHk dhA laLFkk cukus ls dqN le; iwoZ ls Jh
fpVful jkeuoeh o fot;n'keh ds volj ij lkeqnkf;d Hkouksa
esa iwtk vk;ksftr djus yxs FksA muds flusek ?kj ds deZpkjh bu
lkbZ njckjksa esa DOokyh vkSj xt+ysa xkrs FksA ckck dh dksbZ vkSj
iwtk bl volj ij ugha gksrh FkhA ikap uoEcj 1968 dks bl
laLFkk us lekt dk ,d lafo/kku cukdj] ÞJh lkbZ Hkä lekt]
ubZ fnYyhß ds uke ls jftLVj djk;kA laLFkk dk eq[; /;s;
ljdkj ls efUnj cukus gsrq ,d IykV izkIr djuk FkkA
loZJh lh- ,l- jko o vkj- ,l- 'kekZ ftUgksaus gekjh laLFkk
ls lEca/k foPNsn dj fy;k Fkk] ,d vU; HkDr] Jh ds-lh- /kou
¼,d fctusleSu½] ds lkFk Jh fpVful dh laLFkk esa 'kkfey gks
x,A Jh lkbZ HkDr lekt dh igyh ehfVax] ftlesa ;s rhuksa
Hkh lEefyr gq,] Jh fpVful ds ?kj ij ,d izkr% lEiUu gqbZA
bl ehfVax esa eq>s Hkh vkeaf=r fd;k x;kA ehfVax esa lekt dh
dk;Zdkfj.kh xfBr dh xbZ ftlesa Jh vkj-,l- fpVful v/;{k] Jh
lh-,l- jko mik/;{k] Jh ds-ch- xzksoj ¼Jh fpVuhl ds flusek ?kj
ds eSustj½ lfpo pqus x,A Jh jko us ehfVax ds i'pkr~ eq>s ls
dgk fd mUgksaus dk;Zdkj.kh lfefr esa esjk uke blfy, lfEefyr
ugha fd;k] D;ksafd eSa ,d nwljk lekt pyk jgk FkkA ;g lqudj
eq>s fcYdqy vfiz; ugha yxkA esjk ,slk lkspuk Fkk fd uoxfBr
laLFkk esa dqN O;fDr /kuh gksus ds dkj.k ckck dk efUnj cukus
esa l{ke Fks] tks ml le; dh vko';drk Fkh vkSj ftlds fy,
esjs Lo;a ds eu esa Hkh izcy bPNk FkhA ubZ dk;Zdkfj.kh us Hkkjr
ljdkj dks efUnj fuekZ.k gsrq ,d t+ehu dk VqdM+k izkIr djus

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Jh lkbZ ckck dk esjs thou esa 'kqHkkxeu ---

gsrq] ,d izkFkZuk i= Hkstk] lkFk gh Jh fpVful us vius flusek ds


fMLVªhC;wVjksa ls /kujkf'k tqVkuk Hkh vkjEHk dj fn;kA dqN eghuksa
ds vUrjky esa gh ljdkj us 17] baLVhfV;wV ,fj;k] IykWV ftl
t+ehu ij vkt ckck dk efUnj [kM+k gS] *Jh lkbZ HkDr lekt*
dks vkoafVr dj fn;kA tks IykV ljdkj us lekt dks fn;k]
mldh eyfd;r ljdkj ds nks fofHkUu foHkkxksa ds {ks= esa vkrh
Fkh & ,d j{kk foHkkx] nwljk dsUnzh; yksd fuekZ.k foHkkxA lkbZ
lekt dh dk;Zdkfj.kh us bl IykV dks izkIr djus dk Hkjld
iz;Ru dj fy;k ijUrq mudks blesa dksbZ lQyrk ugha feyhA
eghuksa chr x, ijUrq IykV mudks ugha fey ldkA
,d lka; Jh fpVful esjs ?kj ckck ds uke ij fofHkUu
migkj ysdj vk,A ;g nhikoyh 1971 ds nwljs fnu dh lk;a
FkhA Jh fpVful us eq> ls dgk fd t+ehu izkIr djus ds muds
leLr iz;kl foQy gks x, gSa vkSj og bl fu"d"kZ ij igqaps gSa
fd ;fn os iwjk thou Hkh iz;Ru djrs jgsa] rks Hkh os ljdkj ds
nksuksa foHkkxksa dks ,d lkFk ykdj bl IykV dks izkIr ugha dj
ik,xsaA mUgksaus eq> ls bl dk;Z esa lgk;rk ekaxhA eSa HkkSapDdk
jg x;k fd esjs tSlk ,d vnuk bUlku bl dk;Z esa mudh dSls
vkSj D;k enn dj ldrk gS\ eSaus Jh fpVful ls ;g ckr dgh
Hkh ijUrq mUgksaus ;g mÙkj fn;k fd mudk ;g iw.kZ fo'okl gS
fd esjs iz;kl ls efUnj dks t+ehu vo'; fey tk,xhA
nwljs fnu lqcg eSua s ckck ls vk'khokZn izkIr djus ds mijkUr]
bl fn'kk esa viuh iwjh yxu ls Hkjld iz;Ru vkjEHk dj fn;s
vkSj ckck dk dfj'ek nsf[k,] mldh vlhfer vuqdEik ls esjs
<+kbZ eghus ds iz;kl ds mijkUr ljdkj dh N% fofHkUu ,tsfUl;k¡
,d lqcg ,d lkFk yksnh jksM efUnj ds fy, fu/kkZfjr t+ehu ds
VqdM+s ij ,df=r gks xbZaA ;g foHkkx Fks & gSMDokVlZ fnYyh

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lkbZ Ñik dh ikou Le`fr;k¡

,fj;k] ,e-bZ-,l- feYVªh bathfu;fjax lfoZl] LVs'ku gSMDokVlZ


fnYyh] D;w-,e-th- czkap ¼vkjeh gSMDokVlZ½ ySaM vkSj dSaVksueSaV
Mk;jsVªsV] rFkk dsUnzh; yksd fuekZ.k foHkkxA bu lc foHkkxksa us
viuh&viuh dk;Zokgh mlh LFkku ij [kM+s&[kM+s iwjh dj yhA
blds QyLo:i ;g IykV *Jh lkbZ HkDr lekt* dks 'kh?kz gh
,ykV dj fn;k x;k vkSj mls bldk vkf/kiR; fey x;kA
bl volj ij Jh fpVful us Lo;a uk vkdj vius eSustj Jh
HkVukxj dks esgekuksa dh ns[kHkky ds fy, bl LFky ij Hkstk
FkkA Jh HkVukxj leLr mifLFkrx.kksa dks ikl gh fLFkr [kku
ekfdZV esa pk; bR;kfn fiykus ds fy, ys x,A
bl miyfC/k ls Jh fpVful vR;Ur izlUu gq,A mUgksaus
eq>s VsyhQksu fd;k fd os eq>s /kU;okn nsus esjs ?kj 'kh?kz gh
vk,saxs vkSj bl izkstsDV esa esjh lk>hnkjh dh ;kpuk djsaxsA og
esjs ?kj vk, rks] ijUrq mUgksaus esjh lk>hnkjh dh ekax ugha dhA
esjs fopkj ls mudh laLFkk ls tqM+s esjs dqN fe= ckck ds bl
ifo= dk;Z esa esjh Hkkxhnkjh ilUn ugha djrs FksA
efUnj dk f'kykU;kl dk dk;Z vxLr 1972 esa lEiUu
gqvkA bl volj ij eq>s Hkh vkeaf=r fd;k x;k vkSj eq>s eafnj
dh uhao esa feV~Vh Mkyus dk 'kqHk volj feykA
nks vkSj o"kZ chr x,A efUnj fuekZ.k dk dk;Z /khjs&/khjs
py jgk Fkk ijUrq ckck dks esjh lsok 'kk;n eatwj ugha FkhA bl
chp ge ckck dh iwtk fnYyh ds fofHkUu Hkkxksa esa djrs py jgs
Fks vkSj vf/kd ls vf/kd HkDr gekjh iwtkvksa esa lEefyr gksdj
vkufUnr eglwl djrs FksA vusd ckj fnYyh ls ckgj ds HkDr
tks fdlh dk;Zo'k fnYyh vk, gq, gksrs Fks] os Hkh gekjh iwtkvksa
esa Hkkx ysus vkrs FksA

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Jh lkbZ ckck dk esjs thou esa 'kqHkkxeu ---

lu~ 1964 esa vFkok blds vkl ikl blh J`a[kyk esa eq>s
Jh ,e- jaxkpkjh ds ?kj esa iwtk djus dk volj Hkh feykA ckn
esa Jh jaxkpkjh vodk'k izkIr djus ds i'pkr~ gSnjkckn tk cls
Fks vkSj mUgksaus ckck ds HkDrksa esa vPNh [;kfr izkIr dj yhA vHkh
dqN o"kZ iwoZ gh Jh jaxkpkjh us viuk ikfFkZo 'kjhj NksM+k gSA

ubZ fnYyh esa yksnh jksM+ efUnj dk fuekZ.k


Hkwfeiwtk ds 'kh?kz i'pkr~~] efUnj dk fuekZ.k dk;Z 'kq: gks
x;kA Jh fpVful igys ls gh bl dk;Z ds gsrq /ku laxzg dj
jgs Fks vkSj efUnj cukus lacU/kh izkFkfed dk;Z iw.kZ rUe;rk vkSj
vR;Ur lqpk: :i ls dj jgs FksA ml le; efUnj ds lkeus
dh lM+d ugha cuh Fkh] vkSj efUnj ls FkksM+k vkxs] flok, taxy
ds] ftlesa lsuk dk ,d dk;kZy; Fkk] vkSj dqN ugha FkkA ckck
us bl ,dkUr LFkku dks vius cSBus ds fy, bl fy, pquk Fkk
D;ksafd os tkurs Fks fd 'kh?kz gh ;g LFkku jkt/kkuh dk ,d
egÙoiw.kZ dsUnz fcUnq cu tk,xk vkSj nwj ,oa ikl ds lkbZ HkDrksa
dh vFkkg HkhM+ ogka muds n'kZu ds fy, vkSj muds pj.kksa esa
'kkafr izkIr djus gsrq] meM+ iM+sxhA
vDrwcj@uoEcj 1973 esa] eSa vius cguksbZ ds lkFk Vªsu ls
bykgkckn ls ykSV jgk FkkA jkLrs esa eSaus vius cguksbZ ls dgk
fd esjh le> esa ugha vkrk fd ckck us D;k lkspdj eq>s vius
eafnj ds fuekZ.k dk;Z ls nwj j[kk gS] ftldh esjs eu esa o"kksZa ls
izcy vkdka{kk Fkh] vkSj tks LoIu vc lkdkj gksus tk jgk FkkA
esjs cguksbZ Hkh o"kksZa ls ckck ds HkDr Fks vkSj bl ckr ls Hkyh
Hkkafr ifjfpr Fks fd esjs eu esa fnYyh esa ckck dk efUnj fuekZ.k
ds fy, dSlh rM+i jgh FkhA os ;g Hkh tkurs Fks fd vius /;s;
dh iwfrZ ds fy, eSa vusd ckj /kks[kk Hkh [kk pqdk FkkA ckn esa]

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lkbZ Ñik dh ikou Le`fr;k¡

esjs ;gh cguksbZ efUnj dh dk;Zdkfj.kh ds lnL; cus] vkSj bUgksaus


ckck ds Hktuksa dk fnYyh esa izFke Hktu laxzg Lo;a VkbZi djds]
,d iqfLrdk ds :i esa fudkyus esa viuk ;ksxnku fn;kA budk
mu fnuksa esa fn;k ;ksxnku] tc ckck ds xhr ,oa Hktu dgha Hkh
mIkyC/k ugha Fks] ljkguh; FkkA
vius cguksbZ ls xkM+h esa mPpfjr esjs mYkgukiw.kZ 'kCn]
ckck us lqu fy,A tc eSa jkf= dks vius ?kj igq¡pk rks esjh iRuh
us eq>s crk;k fd ml lka; Jh fpVful eq>ls feyus vk, Fks
vkSj esjs u feyus ij os vxys fnu nqckjk vkus dh ckr dgdj
okil ykSV x, gSaA
nwljs fnu lk;a dks Jh fpVful fQj vk, vkSj vius lkFk
ckck ds <sj lkjs migkj Hkh yk,A mUgksaus eq>s crk;k fd efUnj
dk uhps dk ryk] Åij gky vkSj eStukbZu ryk cu pqds gSa
vkSj vc mlls Åij dk ryk cukus dk dk;Z 'ks"k gSA vHkh Q'kZ
Mkyus dk dk;Z Hkh cpk gSA mUgksaus dgk fd /ku bdB~Bk djus ds
muds leLr lk/ku izk;% lekIr gks pqds gSa vkSj vc bl dk;Z dks
lekIr djus ds fy, mUgsa esjh lgk;rk dh vko';drk gSA eSaus
muls dgk fd eSa rks ,d vR;Ur lk/kkj.k HkDr gw¡] dkSu eq>s bruk
/ku nsxk ftlls ;g dk;Z iwjk gks ldsA Jh fpVful us fQj ogh
ckr nksgjkbZ tks mUgksaus viuh bl ls igyh HksaV esa eq> ls dgh
FkhA mUgksaus dgk fd mUgsa iw.kZ fo'okl gS fd esjh lgk;rk ls
;g izkstsDV 'kh?kz gh iwjk gks tk,xkA mUgksaus esjs ikl ,d jlhn
iqLrd Hkh NksM+ nhA eq>s vHkh Hkh ;kn gS fd eSaus bl fdrkc dh
igyh jlhn 151 :i;s dh vius mUgha cguksbZ ds uke dkVh]
ftudk Åij ft+Ø gks pqdk gSA nwljh jlhn ,d vU; HkDr Jh
,l-Mh- eh/kk ds uke dkVh tks fMQsUl dkyksuh ekfdZV esa jSDl
MªkbZDyhulZ ds ekfyd FksA Jh eh/kk us eq>ls dgk fd jlhn esa

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