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Ex 3.

11

a)
Dryness fraction =

x=

h 3hf
h 1hf

h3=263.94
h1=404.32
hf=213.58

x=

263.94213.58
404.32213.58

x=

50.36
190.74

x=

263.94213.58
404.32213.58

x=

50.36
.
190

=0.264 ( ans )

b)
Discharge temperature

s 1=s 2=s 2 +Cpln

1.7221=1.7092+1.192 ln

t2
+ 45 )
( 273

( tt 22 )

t 2=48.436 C
h 2=h 2 + cp ( t 2t 2 )
421.52+1.192 ( 3.436 )
h 2=425.6157
c)
Mass flow rate

90000
Qk
Qk
3600

=
=
qk h 2h 3 425.6157263.94
0.154 kg /s
V =mv 1=0.154 ( 0.04944 )=0.007613=7.613103

d)

W =m ( h 2h1 ) =0.154 ( 425.6157404.32 ) =3.27 kW


Theoretical horsepower

HP=

3.271000
746

4.3833 hp
Heat capacity

Qk=m(h 2h 3)=
0.154(425.6157263.94)

24.89 kW
e)

COPh=

425.6157263.94
425.6157404.32

7.75

h 2h 3
h 2h1