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# ECG Engineering Consultants Group

## PROJECT NAME: Nozha City Center

PROJECT NO.: 1127

DATE: MAY-2007
COMPUTED BY: A. Salah

## STAIR CASE PRESSURIZATION DESIGN CALCULATION SHEET

Input Data:
No. of levels (including ground floor)
Average level height

:
:

3
6

Floor Area

8500 m

Wall Tightness

:
:

700
2

Wall Tightness

:
:

16
2

m2

Wall Tightness

:
:

14
2

m2

## The area gap around each stairwell door

Outside design temperature
Stairwell temperature

:
:
:

## Stairwell door width

Stairwell door height
Force to overcome door closer
Distance from door knob to
edge of knob side of door

:
:
:

1
2.1
53

m
m
N

75

mm

Assumptions:
The pressure difference between stairwell
and building at stairwell bottom

20

Pa

Critical Velocity

m
2
2

0.024 m2
40.5 deg C
35 deg C

1.524 m/s

## Height Limit Check:

Maximum allowable pressure difference
between the stairwell and the building

70.476 Pa

## Height limit below which satisfactory

pressurization is possible

303.2

Calculations:
Abo Flow area between the building and outside per floor

0.147 m2

Asb Flow area between stairwell and the building per floor

0.026 m2

B
Pressure difference per height due to stack effect
Psb Pressure difference between stairwell top and the building

=
=

0.197 Pa/m
23.44 Pa

0.302 m3/s

Q

## Stair Case Pressurization Design Calculation Sheet

(= 639.737452 cfm)

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In this system, an exterior stairwell door opens automatically upon system activation. In addition,
the lower two floors will be considered opened, while the others doors will be considered closed

## I. Opened doors section:

Pressure difference at the bottom of the section
Pressure difference at the top of the section
Flow factor

=
=
=

20 Pa
22.295 Pa
3.8555 m/s

0.8528 m

0.1449 m

1.117 m /s

## Pressure difference at the bottom of the section

Pressure difference at the top of the section
Flow factor

=
=
=

22.979 Pa
24.162 Pa
4.0708 m/s

0.026 m

## Flow rate from this section

0.1049 m3/s

2
2
3

(= 2366.86097 cfm)

## II. Closed doors section:

(= 222.191571 cfm)

## III. Exterior stairwell door:

Pressure difference at the exterior door
(~ at 1.5m height)

20.91 Pa

0.8528 m

3.2724 m3/s

## The total flow needed to pressurize the stairwell

at the above conditions is the sum of these three
separate flows

=
=

1.117

(= 6933.78697 cfm)

0.105

3.27238304

4.4943 m /s

(= 9523 cfm)
PROVIDE STAIRCASE PRESSURIZATION FAN (9500 CFM) FOR EACH STAIR

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