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ECG Engineering Consultants Group

PROJECT NAME: Nozha City Center


PROJECT NO.: 1127

DATE: MAY-2007
COMPUTED BY: A. Salah

STAIR CASE PRESSURIZATION DESIGN CALCULATION SHEET

Input Data:
No. of levels (including ground floor)
Average level height

:
:

3
6

Floor Area

8500 m

Exterior building wall area per floor


Wall Tightness

:
:

700
2

Stairwell wall area per floor


Wall Tightness

:
:

16
2

m2

Elevator shaft walls


Wall Tightness

:
:

14
2

m2

The area gap around each stairwell door


Outside design temperature
Stairwell temperature

:
:
:

Stairwell door width


Stairwell door height
Force to overcome door closer
Distance from door knob to
edge of knob side of door

:
:
:

1
2.1
53

m
m
N

75

mm

Assumptions:
The pressure difference between stairwell
and building at stairwell bottom

20

Pa

Critical Velocity

m
2
2

(1=Tight, 2=Average, 3=Loose, 4=Very Loose)

(1=Tight, 2=Average, 3=Loose)

(1=Tight, 2=Average, 3=Loose)

0.024 m2
40.5 deg C
35 deg C

1.524 m/s

Height Limit Check:


Maximum allowable pressure difference
between the stairwell and the building

70.476 Pa

Height limit below which satisfactory


pressurization is possible

303.2

Calculations:
Abo Flow area between the building and outside per floor

0.147 m2

Asb Flow area between stairwell and the building per floor

0.026 m2

B
Pressure difference per height due to stack effect
Psb Pressure difference between stairwell top and the building

=
=

0.197 Pa/m
23.44 Pa

0.302 m3/s

Simple stairwell pressurization:


Q

Flow rate of the pressurization air

Stair Case Pressurization Design Calculation Sheet

(= 639.737452 cfm)

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Canadian stairwell pressurization:


In this system, an exterior stairwell door opens automatically upon system activation. In addition,
the lower two floors will be considered opened, while the others doors will be considered closed

I. Opened doors section:


Pressure difference at the bottom of the section
Pressure difference at the top of the section
Flow factor

=
=
=

20 Pa
22.295 Pa
3.8555 m/s

Open stairwell flow area

0.8528 m

Effective flow area

0.1449 m

Flow rate from this section

1.117 m /s

Pressure difference at the bottom of the section


Pressure difference at the top of the section
Flow factor

=
=
=

22.979 Pa
24.162 Pa
4.0708 m/s

Effective flow area

0.026 m

Flow rate from this section

0.1049 m3/s

2
2
3

(= 2366.86097 cfm)

II. Closed doors section:

(= 222.191571 cfm)

III. Exterior stairwell door:


Pressure difference at the exterior door
(~ at 1.5m height)

20.91 Pa

Open exterior stairwell door effective flow area

0.8528 m

Flow rate from this section

3.2724 m3/s

The total flow needed to pressurize the stairwell


at the above conditions is the sum of these three
separate flows

=
=

1.117

(= 6933.78697 cfm)

0.105

3.27238304

4.4943 m /s

(= 9523 cfm)
PROVIDE STAIRCASE PRESSURIZATION FAN (9500 CFM) FOR EACH STAIR

Stair Case Pressurization Design Calculation Sheet

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