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# Formulario de Calculo Integral

## Por: Xavier Fuentes

Variables: u,v,w: funciones que dependen de x.
c=constante
dc

dx
dx

=0
=1

dx
d(u+vw)

du

dx
d(c.v)

dx
dv

dx
d

dx

dx
d
dx
d
dx
d
dx
dy
dx

=c

(u. v)=u
(v n ) =

dv

dx

+v

dx

nv

dv

n-1dv

dx
dx

du

u
c

## a2+u2 =aarcTan a+c

dx

1 du

dy
dv

dx
d

dx
vuuv

dx
d
dx
d
dx
d

1 dv

(lnv)=

v dx
loge dv

(logv)=

dx

dv

dx
du

du

(un)=vuv-1 + uv lnu
dx
dx
dx
y=e2xy= e2x lne(2x)
4lnx=2.2lnx=2lnx2
d

dx
d
dx
d
dx
d
dx
d

(Snx)=Cosx
(Snv)=Cosv

dv
dx

dx
d
dx
d
dx
d
dx
d
dx
d
dx
d
dx

du

u2+a2 = ln |u + u2 + a2 |+c
du

u2a2 = ln |u + u2 a2 |+c

udv=uv-vdu
Una vaca menos la integral vestida de uniforme
u:fcil de derivar
dv:fcil de integrar
vdu mas sencilla que udv
ILATE=Inversa-Logaritmica-Algebracia-Trigonometricaexponencial

x3exdx = x2xexdx
u= x2du=2xdx
1
1
dv= xexdxdv=v= 2 2 xexdx=2ex
1

## Primer factor: u=x

dv/dx

dx

arcSecv=

v=(x+2)1/2dx v= (x+2)3/2
3

(x+3)

1v2
dv/dx

## Integracin: cambio de variable

(x2+6x)2/3 x 2 + 6x = u
du

v2 1

v
dv/dx

(2x+6)dx=du(x+3)dx=

1+v2

dv/dx

2/3

du=

u1/3

2 1/3

du

2u2/3
1/3

+ c = (x + 6x)
2

+c

v v2 1

Integrales
dx=x+c

vn+1

vndv=
+c
n+1
(du+dv-dw)= du+dv-dw
dv
v = lnlvl + c
av

= 1 du=dx

## Despejamos V. El diferencial (d) pasa del otro lado de la

expresin efectuando la operacin contraria (integrndola).

1+v2
dv/dx

arcCtgv= -

dx

=(x)[(2/3)(x+2)3/2] (2/3)(x+2)3/2dx

1v2
dv/dx

arcCscv= -

du

## Segundo factor: dv=x + 2dx

dx
dv

(Cscv)=-CscvCtgv

arcCosv= -

|+c

u+a
u+a

x x + 2dx

(Secv)=SecvTgv

arcTgv=

ln|

a2u2 = 2a ln|ua|+c

(Tgx)=Sec2x

arcSnv=

2a
1

ua

=2 x2 ex - 2ex2xdx

(Cosx)=-Snx

dv
(Ctgv)=-Csc2v
dx
dx
d
dv
dx
d

## Integracin: por partes

dx
dv

(av)= av lna
(ev)= ev

= arcSec +c

du

y= y=
v
v2
Funciones trascendentes:
d

2 2
du
1

u2a2=

c dx
dv

a
u

du
1

dx

(xn)= nx n-1
( )=

Snv= - Cosv+c
Cosv = Snv+c
Tgvdv=- lnCosv+c = ln (cosv)-1+c=lnSecv+c
Sec2vdv=Tgv+c
Csc2vdv=-Cscv+c
SecvTanvdv=Secv+c
CscvCtgvdv=-Cscv+c
Ctgvdv=- lnSnv+c
Secvdv = ln (Secv+Tanv)+c
Cscvdv = ln (Cscv+Ctgv)+c

u
2 2 =arcSen +c

avdv=
+c
lna
evdv=ev + c
Trigonometricas:

## Integracin: derivacin de la base

*Que la derivada de la base este en la integral
*Se ingresan nmeros, no letras
3

x(2+x2)2dx=2 2x(2+x2)2dx=

1 (2+x2 )
2

(x 2 + 2x)4 (x + 1)dx

u=x2+2x
du
=2x+2
dx
du=(2x+2)dx
=

## (x2 +2x)4 2(x+1)dx 1 (x2 +2x)4+1

2

= [
2

4+1

]+c

+c

(x2 +2)

+1
(1)2

dx= [(x-1)+

3
+1

]dx =( 1) + 3

+1

+ 3ln( + 1)+c
2
x2+2 x+1(x-1)+3/(x+1)
3
x-1

## Integracin: cambio de variable trigonomtrica:

du/(a2-u2)=arcSen(u/a)+c
u=aSenu2=a2Sen2
du=aCosd
aCosd/(a2- a2Sen2)=
u/a=Sn = arcSen(u/a)+c
(a2-b2u2)1/2u=(a/b)Sen aCos

C
a
B

## Integracin: por descomposicin

F(x)=f(x)/ g(x)
Propia: f(x)<g(x)
Impropia: f(x)>g(x)
Factores lineales distintos:
( + 1)

= +
+
( + 3)( 2) + 3 2
Factores lineales iguales:
( + 1)

2
=
+ +
( 1) 1 2
2
+

2
=
+
+
( + 2 )( + )( ) 2 + 2 +
3 + 1 2 + + 2 + +

= 2
+
( 2 + 2)( 2 + 1)
+ 2 2 + 1
2 3 + 3 +
+
2
= 2
+
( + 1)2
+ 1 ( 2 + 1)2

bu

rea:

Si: f(x)=x2
0x4

(a2-b2u2)1/2
(a +b2u2)1/2u=(a/b)Tan aSec

C
bu
B

= ()
0

(a2+b2u2)1/2
Constante de integracin

A
a

C
(b2u2- a2)1/2
bu
B
A
a

dx

x2 4+x2

## Derivada=x-3; Valor X=2; Valor Funcin: 9

= ( 3)
Y=(x2/2)-3x+cc=13 f(x)=(x2/2)-3x+13
*La pendiente de la Tg es la derivada

*x=2tgzTgz=x/2 *dx=2Sec2zdz

Integral definida

*(4+x2)1/2=(4+4tg2z)1/2=2(Sec2z)1/2=2Secz

c=-

2Sec2 zdz

4Tan2 z2Secz
1 4+x2
4

Cos2 z

=
=- Cscz +
4 CoszSen2 z
4

+ c
Integrales trigonomtricas

Cos6xdx u=6xdu=6dx
1

y=2Sn3x
y/2
dx
Si Y=2Sn3x; desde x=0 hasta x=/3
/3

## Momento de 1er orden con respecto al eje X

/3
1
=
ydA
2
0
Momento de 2do orden con respecto al eje Y

du = Sn6x + c

/3

## Cos6xdx = 6 6Cos6xdx = 6 Sn6x + c

1

x= My/A; y=Mx/A

2Cos2xdx= 2 x + 4 2 Sn2x + c
Sen3 xdx = Sen2 xSenxdx = (1
2

Longitud de curva
Cos3 x

c
1

1Cos2x 2

xdA

1

2Sn3xdx

Cosu

= = 1 = 1 0 = 1

Centro geomtrico

## Cos 2x=Cos2x- Sen2x

Sn2x=2SnxCosx
Sen2x= -1+ Cos2x
Sen2x=1- Cos2x
SnxCosx=Sn2x/2
Sen2x+ Cos2x=1
Sec2x=1+Tan2x
Csc2x=1+Ctg2x
Sen2x=(1/2)(1-Cos2x)
Cos2x=(1/2)(1+Cos2x)
SnxCosx=(1/2)Sn2x
{[(a2-x2)1/2] }{[(a2-x2)1/2]/ [(a2-x2)1/2]}

Cos2x 2
2

) dx =

= 1 + [f(x)]2 dx

## ( 2 ) dx = = 4 (1 2Cos2x + Cos2 x)dx =

1
1
1
1
x Sen2x + x + Sen4x + c
4
4
8
32

dx 2
dy 2
[ ] + [ ] dx
d
d

du

dx

(ax + b)

(3x+5) = 3 (3+5)= Ln 3( + 5) + c