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Sources of Hindu Law

1. Shuritis: Two types: (i) Vedas (ii) Upanishads.


Vedas: Samved, Yajurved, Rig Veda, Atharveda.
Vedas also have Dharamshastras and DharamSutras.
3 major topics in Dharamshastras: Acharya (self conduct. rules for daily rituals, duites of cast
etc) Vyavhaar, Praishchit.
Acharya gives 4 stages (ashram) of life in Hinduism:
a)
b)
c)
d)

Bharmacharya
Grahast
Vanashram
Sanyas

Caste system (Varna) are also divided into parts:


a)
b)
c)
d)

Bhramhans
Khatriyas
Vaishiya
Shudras

Certain duties are given to every sect.


DharamSutras:
Given by 4 Rishis:
a)
b)
c)
d)

Gautam
Bhuddahyan
Apasthambh
Vashisht

This deals with the legal part of the public.


2.) Smriti:
Smriti is of 2 types:
a) Manusmriti
b) Yagyavalkya
c) Naradsmriti
They were in Sanskrit, away from the understanding of people. So commentaries were
required.
Medatithi
Mitakshra: Governed entire country except Bihar, Bengal and parts of orissa

Dayabhaga: Made a digest on Hindu laws.


Within Mitakshra there are 4 schools:
Mitila, Benaras, Maharashtra, Dravida.
This was the Bhramhinical Era.