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# Sara Husi

2318602

EDUC4720

## Tiered unit (Differentiated by Readiness)

Name and student number: Sara Husi 2138602
Unit Overview
Curriculum Area
Mathematics
Year level: Reception
Content

(Foundation)
ACMMG006 Use direct and indirect comparisons to decide which is

Descriptor

## longer, heavier or holds more, and explain reasoning in everyday

language.

Learner
differences/disab

## Auditory processing problems

Sensory processing issues
Hearing impairment

ilities in your
class
Achievement

standard ACARA

Learning

objectives

know, understand

and do

Essential
Questions
open ended - the
Big Idea
Pre-Assessment

## How can differences in two objects be compared?

Why would we compare objects?

See Appendix 1
See Explanatory notes for reasoning

Overview of unit

lesson 1

## students, explaining that it doesnt matter if they dont know the

answer. Introduction of words and concepts that will be used

lesson 2

## throughout unit with use of objects in the classroom.

Comparing lengths & height; examining the words
tallest/shortest/longest and comparing objects using this language.
Make different height towers and then find objects in the room that
are, shorter/longer/taller than the object the teacher has.

Sara Husi
lesson 3

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EDUC4720

## In continuing on with length and height introduce new vocabulary

thicker/thinner/ wider/narrower and use objects to demonstrate

lesson 4

## these. Build objects and compare them to others.

Revisit words for length and height and then introduce capacity
which container holds more and holds less. Look at empty

lesson 5

## containers to begin with big and small and discuss.

Continue on with capacity is a container full, empty or is it the fullest
or emptiest. Use containers from the previous lesson explore which

lesson 6

## container holds more, then talk about which is fullest or emptiest.

Explore the concepts of objects being heavy or light - begin with 2
extremes bowling ball and feather and discuss how we can tell
which one is heavier. Discuss heavy and light objects and how we

lesson 7

## can tell if they are heavy or light.

Continue on with mass and explore vocabulary of heavier, heaviest,
lighter and lightest. Show objects that are similar in size though
different weights, let them feel different object and discover objects

lesson 8

## that are bigger but also lighter.

Revisit all concepts and vocabulary learnt and ensure understanding
- show pictures in books and on smart board and ask how they
would compare them and why then ask which is tallest/shortest,

lesson 9

## etc. Discuss why we would compare objects.

Hands on activity with different stations for comparing objects that
are longer, heavier or hold more. Use string, blocks, rulers, books,

lesson 10

## jars, liquid, rice and objects found in the classroom.

Summative assessment do an activity in comparing height,
capacity and mass. Have objects set out and pictures of them on a
sheet where they record their answers.

Curriculum

Mathematics

Lesson Plan
Year Level: Reception (Foundation)

Area
Learning

Students will understand that the length and height of an object can be

objective

compared.

for this

Sara Husi

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particular

objects.

lesson

two objects.

Essential

question
Lesson

## How do you know it is shorter/taller/longer?

2 of 10
Length of lesson: 40 mins

number
Suggested

## Comparing lengths & height

1 whole class:
Discuss the words; tallest, shortest, longest what do the students
think these mean?
Draw lines vertically on the smart board and ask them which one is
the longest, which is the shortest? How do they know?
Draw lines horizontally on the smart board and ask them which one
is the tallest, which is the shortest? How do they know? Introduce
words taller, shorter and longer used to describe objects in
between. Discuss difference between length and height. Discuss
who is the tallest and shortest in the classroom.
Demonstrate using unifex cubes to make 2 towers of different
heights and explain which one is shorter and longer, ask students to
complete the same activity.
Observe students completing this activity (encourage those that
find it easiest to make three and describe their order), this along
with pre assessment task will indicate which tier they should be in.
2 activity, introduce the tiers:
Hold an object such as a ruler - Ask students first to find an object
that is shorter, discuss their findings, then ask them to find an
object that is longer, discuss findings- talk about how they know
and how they could measure the difference if they couldnt
compare exactly (use string as a tool).
Explain they are all going to be working on a piece of paper doing a
similar task in the classroom; they will be finding objects and
ordering them. Hand out tasks and start them off in their tier groups
so if further explanation is needed you can talk to each group.
Encourage students to work together and move around the
classroom to compare objects by sight, feel or using a piece of
string cut to an objects length.
Leave words shortest, taller, tallest, etc. with images on whiteboard
so the words are recognised as the same as the sheet refer to
whiteboard if words are confusing.
Help each group as needed and work with them for sections they
find difficult, encourage them if they have grasped the
understanding to fill in the empty boxes on their own.
3 whole class debrief:
Come back to the floor as a class and discuss which objects they
found in the room; how they knew they were shorter, taller or
longer. Question how they came to these answers and give
feedback on their understanding.
Play a simple smart board activity on length and height to cement
understanding.
Do a thumbs up, down, sideways check on if they think they
understand prior to finishing lesson, if there are a few hands up for

content or
outline of
lesson
Using the
information
from your
preassessment
lesson based
on different
levels of

attached as
appendices.

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Check for

next lesson.
Informal check for understanding of thumbs up, down or sideways (ensure

understand

next lesson is more formal with exit cards as it ties into this lesson).

ing
Visual,
verbal,
tactile and

## Smart board for entire class to introduce concept

Speaker system for child with hearing impairment
Toys, scented objects for child with sensory processing issues
Clear, simple step by step instructions for child with auditory
processing problems

## See Appendices 2, 3 & 4 for tiering activity sheets

Unifex cubes for building towers
Pencils for drawing objects and classroom objects for comparison.
www.iboard.co.uk/activities/path/measuring_length/subject/maths

## Ensure student with hearing impairment either has hearing aid in

and on, speaker system and microphone is on or they are sitting
close facing the teacher.
toys or objects needed to calm his senses and is able to take time
Ensure students with Auditory processing problems are sitting close
facing the teacher, ensure they have heard and understood
instructions clearly- if they do not understand go over it with the
again.

technologic
al supports
Resources
or
supplement
ary
materials
Classroom
environmen
t
what have
change to
meet
student
needs

Sara Husi

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EDUC4720

## Explanatory notes not to exceed 1 page (size 12 font, Calibri)

The above lesson and unit plan for reception students on the
mathematical concepts of mass, capacity and length has been
differentiated according to students readiness. Differentiation according
to students readiness means it is a close match for their skills and
understanding of a topic (Tomlinson, 2001 p. 45). We gauge a students
readiness by doing pre-assessments (diagnostic) before beginning a topic
to check prior knowledge, detect misconceptions and level of skill, which
guides planning for differentiation (Tomlinson & McTighe, 2006). It is also
important to continue observing the student and their work throughout a
topic as a students readiness is only relevant to that point in time,
therefore is fluid and can change as the persons understanding and skills
develop (Jarvis, 2013). A lesson or unit can be differentiated according to
readiness through content, process and product (Tomlinson, 2001). The
above lesson has been differentiated through product how students show
what they know (Tomlinson, 2001, p.51) as can be evidenced through the
tiered nature of one of the activities. The tiering allows students to
complete the same task though some tiers give more scaffolding and
structure to the students that may not quite understand the concept as
well as others.
In the above lesson plan inclusion of all students is sought after through
tiered product differentiation as well as catering to specific learning needs
in the classroom. The goal of this lesson and unit on measurement is not
that every child reaches a certain level, instead that each child makes
considerable progress in their learning from their starting point (Jarvis,
2013 & Tomlison, 2003). Each child will do a pre-assessment, to determine
their starting point and understanding of the concepts of the unit about to
be taught, these are ungraded and mainly for the teacher to adapt their
teaching to fit all students needs (Tomlinson & McTighe, 2006). Formative
assessments will ensure how well students understand the information
being taught; these can be informal or formal and as simple as the lesson
above demonstrates with a self-assessment of thumbs up, down or
sideways for gauging understanding (Tomlinson & McTighe, 2006). Finally
all students will complete a summative assessment; this assessment task
will be relevant to the unit and the students and can be differentiated to
meet students learning styles to determine how far they have progressed
to uncover their understanding. As well as assessments, feedback
throughout each lesson and the entire unit is vital. Timely, relevant, clear
and task oriented feedback will reduce uncertainty and aid understanding
of the concept (Hattie, 2012).
This unit has been created in line with the Australian Curriculum
Foundation Year Mathematics Achievement Standard and one specific
content descriptor ACMMG006 (ACARA, 2015). The Australian Curriculum

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provides the content and aims though must still be organised into a set of
clear objectives with meaningful, respectful learning and assessment
tasks (Jarvis, 2013 & Tomlison, 2003). The learning task of this unit would
be meaningful and relevant to students as they are comparing classroom
objects and practising the language that they will be using in everyday life
at school and home. The assessment task in the lesson is simple though
meaningful as it allows a student to self-assess their level of
understanding.

References
Australian Curriculum and Reporting Authority, (2015). Mathematics
Foundation to Year 10 Curriculum by rows - The Australian
Curriculum v7.3. [online] Australiancurriculum.edu.au. Available at:
http://www.australiancurriculum.edu.au/mathematics/curriculum/f10?layout=1#levelF [Accessed 20 Mar. 2015].
Hattie, J. (2012). Flow of the lesson: the place of feedback, in J.
Hattie, Visible learning for teachers: maximizing impact on
learning (pp. 115-137). London; Routledge.
Jarvis, J. M. (2013). Differentiating learning experiences for diverse
students. In P. Hudson (Ed.), Learning to teach in the primary school
(pp.52-70). Port Melbourne, Vic.: Cambridge University Press.
Tomlinson, C. A. (2003). Deciding to teach them all. Educational
Tomlinson, C.A. (2001) The How To's of planning lessons differentiated by
readiness. In C.A. Tomlinson, How to differentiate instruction in
mixed ability classrooms (2nd Ed., pp. 45-51). Upper Saddle River,
NJ: Pearson.
Tomlinson, C. A. & McTighe, J. (2006). Considering evidence of learning in
diverse classrooms. In C. A. Tomlinson, & J. McTighe, Integrating
differentiated instruction & understanding by design: connecting
content and kids (pp.59-82). Heatherton, Vic.; Hawker Brownlow
Education.

Sara Husi

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