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SEGOVIA v NOEL (1925):

Act No. 3107 changes the tenure of offices of justices and auxiliary justices of the peace.
According to said law, justices of the peace and auxiliary justices of the peace shall be
appointed to serve until they reach the age of 65.

Law should be given prospective effect only. A sound canon of statutory construction is that a
statute operates prospectively only and never retroactively, unless the legislative intent to the
contrary is made manifest either by the express terms of the statute or by necessary

Intention to disturb right to office should be clear. Though there is no vested right in an office,
which may not be disturbed by legislation, yet the incumbent has, in a sense, a right to his
office. If the right is to be taken away by statute, the terms should be clear in which the
purpose is stated.