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Western Politics: Great Britain: By the end of the 1800's (the 19th cen.) Britain had a well-established two-party system, The Liberals and Conservatives. ‘They had expanded Universal suffrage via reform acts of 1867 and 1884 so that all males over 21 and females over 30 could vote. By 1910 the Labour Party had emerged to Trade Uni represented the workers better than the Liberal party grew, both which France: After the collapse of Louis-Napoleon’s Second empire the third republic was established. by 1900 they had established: 1. Arepublican constitution | 2 2. senate, indirectly elected (not by popiilar vote) 3. A Chamber of deputies (by universal male suffrage) 4. A president 5. A premier (prime minister) who held most of the gov. power. The premier answered to the Chamber of Deputies who were elected by the people. This concept is ministerial responsibility. The leader of the government must answer to either the people or directly elected representatives in order for a democracy to survive! France: After the collapse of Louis-Napoleon's Second empire the third republic was established. by 1900 they had established: 1. Arepublican constitution 2. Asenate, indirectly elected (not by popular vote) 3. A Chamber of deputies (by universal male suffrage) 4. A president 5. A premier (prime minister) who held most of the gov. power. The premier answered to the Chamber of Deputies who were elected by the people. This concept is ministerial responsibility. The leader of the government must answer to either the people or directly elected representative in order for a democracy to survive! Italy: Italy was a land separated by a disparity (difference) in standard of living. The South was rural and impoverished (poor), while the North was industrialized Corruption was rampant (widespread) in the new government. Yet, they had granted the people Universal Male Suffrage by 1912. Italy: Italy was a land separated by a disparity (difference) in standard of living, The South was rural and impoverished (poor), while the North was industrialized Corruption was rampant (widespread) in the new government, Yet, they had granted the people Universal Male Suffrage by 1912. The US and Canada: The aftermath of the US Civil War was that: k aia 20% of the white Males in the South had been ine 2. 13th Amendment had freed 4-willion slaves 3. 14th amendment gave freed slaves citizensh: 4, 15th Amendment gave African-American Males the right’ to vote. 5, 8Y, 1880, Che end of reconstruction) Taws had been passed to inbibit \(dispupt, pr stop) African-Americans Prom voting a EUG bOurt ey 6. In 1860 only 20% of American's lived in Cities by 1900 that number was 40% as the uS became an industrial power 7. The US Grew drastically via immigration. Most immigrants came from Ireland and Germany. . The US sought an overseas empire, like that of England. The US Expanded by: : ‘a. buying Alaska from Russia (our 49th state) b: Conquering the Samoan Islands. c. Displacing Hawaii's Queen Liliuokalani and annexing the Islands in 1898 (Hawaii would become our 50th state) _'“d. 1898 The US baited spain into the war (the spanish American War) and defeated them. Taking over: i. Guamii. the Philipinnes iii. Cuba Canada: By 1896 Canada's territory extended from the Atlantic to the Pacific. It's provinces included, New Brunswick, Quebec, Ontario, Nova Scotia, Manitoba, and British Columbia. It's first French-Canadian Prime Minister, Wilfred Laurier, helped unify the English and French speaking provinces.