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Megan Louise P.

North America
Grade 9 Rho
1.) Antigua and Barbuda

Capital: St. Johns

Location: Caribbean

Antigua and Barbuda is a country encompassing its 2 namesake islands and several
smaller islands. Positioned where the Atlantic and Caribbean meet, it's known for reef-lined
beaches, rainforests and resorts. Antigua's English Harbor is a yachting hub and the site of
historic Nelson's Dockyard, now part of a national park. In the capital, St. John's, the national
museum displays indigenous and colonial artifacts.
2.) Bahamas

Capital: Nassau

Location: Caribbean

The Bahamas is a coral-based archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean, comprising 700 islands
and cays that range from uninhabited to resort-packed. The northernmost, Grand Bahama, and
Paradise Island, home to the sprawling Atlantis resort, are among the best known. Scuba diving
and snorkeling sites include the massive Andros Barrier Reef, Thunderball Grotto (of James
Bond fame) and the black-coral gardens off Bimini.
3.) Barbados

Capital: Bridgetown Location: Caribbean

Barbados, in the eastern Caribbean, is an independent island nation within the British
Commonwealth. Bridgetown, the capital, is a cruise-ship stop with shopping, colonial buildings
and one of the Western Hemispheres oldest synagogues. Barbadian traditions range from
afternoon tea and cricket (the national sport) to pursuits such as scuba diving at Dottins Reef
and golfing on designer oceanside courses.
4.) Belize

Capital: Belmopan

Location: Caribbean

Belize is a nation on the eastern coast of Central America, with Caribbean Sea
shorelines to the east and dense jungle to the west. It's known for its beaches, eco-lodges,
scuba diving and sportfishing. Offshore, the massive Belize Barrier Reef, dotted with hundreds
of cayes, hosts rich marine life. Belizes jungle areas are rich with Mayan ruins.
5.) Canada

Capital: Ottawa

(recognizes Queen Elizabeth II as monarch)

Canada, stretching from the U.S. in the south to the Arctic Circle in the north, is filled
with vibrant cities including massive, multicultural Toronto; predominantly French-speaking
Montral and Qubec City; Vancouver and Halifax on the Pacific and Atlantic coasts,
respectively; and Ottawa, the capital. Its also crossed by the Rocky Mountains and home to
vast swaths of protected wilderness.
6.) Costa Rica

Capital: San Jose

Location: Central America Language: Spanish

Costa Rica is a rugged, rainforested Central American country with coastlines on the
Caribbean and Pacific. Though its capital, San Jose, is home to cultural institutions like the PreColumbian Gold Museum, Costa Rica is known for its beaches, volcanoes and immense
biodiversity. Roughly a quarter of its area is made up of protected jungle, rich with wildlife
including spider monkeys and quetzal birds.
7.) Cuba

Capital: Havana

Location: Caribbean

Language: Spanish

Cuba, a large Caribbean island nation under communist rule, is known for its white-sand
beaches, rolling mountains, cigars and rum. Its colorful capital, Havana, features wellpreserved Spanish colonial architecture within its 16th-century core, Old Havana, loomed over

by the pre-revolutionary Capitolio. Salsa emanates from the city's dance clubs and cabaret
shows are performed at the famed Tropicana.

8.) Dominica

Capital: Roseau

Location: Caribbean

Dominica is a mountainous Caribbean island nation distinguished by geothermal hot

springs. Its most famous spring may be the volcanically heated, steam-covered Boiling Lake,
which falls within Morne Trois Pitons National Park. This preserve also encompasses rainforest,
sulfur vents, the twin waterfalls of Trafalgar Falls and narrow Titou Gorge. To the west is
Dominicas capital, Roseau, with colorful timber houses and botanic gardens.
9.) Dominican Republic Capital: Santo Domingo

Location: Caribbean Language: Spanish

The Dominican Republic is a Caribbean nation that shares the island of Hispaniola with
Haiti to the west. Though known for its pristine beaches, all-inclusive resorts and golfing, it has
a varied terrain comprising rainforest, savannah and highlands, including Pico Duarte, the
Caribbeans tallest mountain. It has Spanish colonial history going back 500 years, and
passionate merengue is its official music and dance.

El Salvador Capital: San Salvador

Location: Central America Language: Spanish

El Salvador is a tiny Central American nation known for its Pacific Ocean beaches,
surfing and mountainous landscape. Its Ruta de Las Flores is a winding journey past flowering
coffee farms, rainforest zip-line sites and towns like Juaya, with its weekend food festival, and
Ataco, home to vivid murals. The capital, San Salvador, with a dramatic backdrop of volcanoes,
has vibrant nightlife and arts scenes.


Capital: St. Georges

Location: Caribbean

Grenada is a Caribbean country comprising a main island, also called Grenada, and 6
smaller surrounding islands. Dubbed the Spice Isle, the hilly main island is home to
numerous nutmeg plantations. Its also site of the capital, St. Georges, whose colorful homes,
Georgian buildings and early-18th-century Fort George overlook narrow Carenage Harbour. To
the south is Grand Anse Beach, with resorts and bars.

Capital: Guatemala City

Location: Central America Language:

Guatemala, a Central American country south of Mexico, is distinguished by its steep

volcanoes, vast rainforests and ancient Mayan sites. The capital, Guatemala City, is home to
the stately National Palace of Culture, institutions such as the National Museum of Archaeology
and Ethnology, and the lively Zona Viva nightlife area. Antigua, west of the capital, contains
cobblestone streets and preserved Spanish colonial buildings.

Haiti Capital: Port-au-Prince

Location: Caribbean Language: French

Haiti is a Caribbean country that shares the island of Hispaniola with the Dominican
Republic to its east. Though its still recovering from a 2010 earthquake, many of Haiti's
landmarks dating to the early 19th century remain intact. These include Citadelle la Ferrire, a
mountaintop fortress, and the nearby ruins of Sans-Souci Palace, the baroque former royal
home of King Henry I.


Capital: Tegucigalpa Location: Central America Language: Spanish

Honduras is a Central American country with Caribbean Sea coastlines to the north and
the Pacific Ocean to the south (via the Gulf of Fonseca). In the jungle near Guatemala, the
ancient Mayan ceremonial site Copn has stone-carved hieroglyphics and stelae, tall stone
monuments. Offshore lie the Bay Islands, part of a massive barrier reef, which are popular for
scuba diving.


Capital: Kingston

Location: Caribbean

Jamaica, a Caribbean island nation, has a lush topography of mountains, rainforests and
reef-lined beaches. Many of its all-inclusive resorts are clustered in vibrant Montego Bay, with
its British colonial architecture, and Negril, renowned for diving and snorkeling. Jamaica is
famed as the birthplace of reggae, and its capital Kingston is home to the Bob Marley Museum,
dedicated to the citys most famous son.


Capital: Mexico City Language: Spanish

Mexico is a country between the U.S. and Central America beaches on its Pacific and
Gulf of Mexico coastlines and a diverse landscape of mountains, deserts and jungles. Ancient
ruins such as Teotihuacan (Aztec) and Chichen Itza (Mayan) are scattered throughout the
country, as are Spanish colonial-era towns. In capital Mexico City, upscale shops, renowned
museums and gourmet restaurants cater to modern life.


Capital: Managua

Language: Spanish

Nicaragua, set between the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, is a Central American
nation known for its dramatic terrain of lakes, volcanoes and beaches. Vast Lake Managua and
the iconic stratovolcano Momotombo sit north of the capital Managua. To its south is Granada,
noted for its Spanish colonial architecture and archipelago of islets, popular for sailing and birdwatching.


Capital: Panama City

Location: Central America Language: Spanish

Panama is a country on the isthmus linking Central and South America. The man-made
Panama Canal cuts through its center, linking the Atlantic and Pacific oceans to create an
essential shipping route. In the capital, Panama City, modern skyscrapers, casinos and
nightclubs contrast with colonial buildings in the Casco Viejo district and the rainforest of
Natural Metropolitan Park.
Saint Kitts & Nevis Capital: Basseterre
Elizabeth as their monarch)

Location: Caribbean



The Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis, also known as the Federation of Saint Christopher and
Nevis, is a two-island country in the West Indies. Located in the Leeward Islands chain of the
Lesser Antilles, it is the smallest sovereign state in the Americas, in both area and population.
The country is a Commonwealth realm, with the British Monarch (currently, Elizabeth II) as its
head of state.

Saint Lucia

Capital: Castries

Location: Caribbean

Saint Lucia is an island nation in the eastern Caribbean with 2 distinctive mountains, the
Pitons, on its west coast. It's known for its beaches and reef-diving sites, as well as its
rainforested interior with waterfalls such as at Toraille. It's home to quiet volcanic beaches and
fishing villages as well as luxurious resorts, and the capital, Castries, is a regular cruise ship

Saint Vincent & the Grenadines



Location: Caribbean

St. Vincent and the Grenadines is a southern Caribbean nation comprising a main island,
St. Vincent, and a chain of smaller ones. With yacht-filled harbors, chic private isles and
volcanic landscapes, its known for its major sailing destinations such as reef-lined Bequia
island off Admiralty Bay, bordered by white-sand beaches like Princess Margaret. The main
island is home to the capital, Kingstown.

Trinidad and Tobago

Capital: Port of Spain

Location: Caribbean

Trinidad and Tobago, officially the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is a twin island country off
the northern edge of South America, lying just off the coast of northeastern Venezuela and
south of Grenada in the Lesser Antilles.

United States of America Capital: Washington DC

The U.S. is a country of 50 states covering a vast swath of North America, with Alaska in
the extreme Northwest and Hawaii extending the nations presence into the Pacific Ocean.
Major cities include New York, a global finance and culture center, and Washington, DC, the
capital, both on the Atlantic Coast; Los Angeles, famed for filmmaking, on the Pacific Coast;
and the Midwestern metropolis Chicago.