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APA Annotated Bibliography

Lindsey Stokes
Professor White
EDIT 5370
Search Topic Ethics in Distance Education
Raj Urs, S. V., Harsha, T. S., & Raju, V. P. (2013). Ethical Issues in Open
and Distance Education with Special Reference to Expectations and
Reality. Turkish Online Journal Of Distance Education, 14(4), 46-53.
In the article authored by Urs, Harsha, and Raju the topic of
ethics as it correlates to distance education is addressed. The
role of the educator in regards to distance education students is
a main focus in respect to the way a class is ethically developed
and carried out. The authors are flipping the perspective to take
a look at the ethics involved in the development and followthrough of distance education on the part of the
instructor/facilitator to reach and fairly provide beneficial and
meaningful instruction. The importance of setting out specific
expectations for distance education is the closing of the article.
This article sets out some topics to be considered and several
ways that ethics can be put at the forefront of conducting
distance education, but over all the article comes across as
surface level and basic. There does not seem to be a clear
direction that the article is going in with regards to the title and
intended topic.
Prinsloo, P., & Slade, S. (2014). Educational Triage in Open Distance
Learning: Walking a Moral Tightrope. International Review Of Research
In Open & Distance Learning, 15(4), 306-331.
In Prinsloo and Slades article the overarching theme of not
letting student fall through the cracks while fulfilling the moral
obligation to be good stewards of limited resources. The distance
education environment is likened to a triage unit in that
Educational triage is defined as balancing between the futility or
impact of the intervention juxtaposed with the number of
students requiring care, the scope of care required, and the
resources available for care/interventions. The key question that
is addressed throughout is whether higher education conducted
online or at a distance is sustainable in its current state of turn
over. Attention is focused on serving students and identifying
those most at risk of falling through the cracks and attending to
them appropriately. While stressing the importance of using
learning analytics to address high needs issues and students as a

moral obligation. I appreciate that the authors focus on

respecting the student and institutions need for success as well
as the practicality of learning from the analytics in order to
continue to evaluate the success of the program and all involved
over time.


DISTANCE HIGHER EDUCATION. Turkish Online Journal Of Distance
Education (TOJDE), 16(1), 238-248.
Dr. Malik writes in her article the importance of preserving
quality in the forum of distance education. There is a proposal for to
meet the need for distance education with a focus on quality in key
areas such as curriculum/instruction, infrastructure, technical supports,
the promotion of research, student supports and assessments just to
name a few. The view of the article is one of the obligation of higher
education programs to offer programs that are well developed and run
for students to best reach the desired learning and retention. I found
this an interesting perspective on the ways that distance education
courses can be both quality and beneficial. The format of the article
was well laid out and easy to follow and reference for future use.