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# FAMILY LETTER UNIT 1: How Many of Each?

MathInThisUnit:

## How Can You Help?

Studentswillbefocusingoncounting,orderingandcomparing
combinationsupto10andlearntomakesenseofandsolvestory
problems.Theyengageinmathematicalproblemsandactivities
reasoningandsolutions.Itisimportantthatchildrensolvemath
problemsaccuratelyinwaysthatmakesensetothem.Wewillbe
andpositionofnumbers?HowdoImakesenseofanddevelop
strategiesforcombiningtwonumbers?HowdoIusetools,models,
drawings,andequationstoshowstrategiesandsolutions?Howdo
willbeintroducedtoseveralclassroomroutinesthatreinforcework
withcounting,developing*visualimagesofnumber,collectingdata,
andworkingwithconceptsoftime(calendar/clock).

*seenotetotheright

beginning,however,itisveryimportantforchildrentohave
concreteobjectstomanipulateastheydevelopanunderstanding
strategiesthatchildrenwilldevelopthroughmany,many
experiences:

countingon

countingback186eighteen,17,16,15,14,13,12

makingten(e.g.,8+6=8+2+4=10+4=14)

1=101=9)

4=10+4=14)

(e.g.,knowing8+4=12so124=8)

creatingequivalentbuteasierknownsums(e.g.,6+7=
6+6+1=12+1=13)

Whatarevisualimagesofnumbers?
When
achilddevelopsvisualimagesofnumbers/he
hastheabilitytoquicklyidentifythenumberof
itemsinasmallsetwithoutcounting.Thisis
called
subitizing
.Researchershave
demonstratedastrongrelationshipbetween
subitizing
skillandmathachievement.We
practicesubitizinginmanyways.Twospecific
waysareplayinggameswithdiceanda
classroomroutineofQuickImages.Animage
howmanyareinthepicture.
Hereareafewexamplesofaquickimages.

## Only in the United States do people believe that learning

mathematics depends on special ability. In other countries,
student, parents, and teachers all expect that most student
can master mathematics if they work hard enough. .In
other nations where more is expected, more mathematics is
learned. --Everybody Counts (1989) National Research
Council, pp 10, 82.

SPOTLIGHT ON MATH

questions. Dont tell them how to do it.
Encourage math talk and math
wondering. There are a lot of cars in
the carpool line. I wonder how many
there are? How could we figure that
out?
subtraction equation and have them
make up a story problem that makes
sense with that equation.
something and tell why his/her answer
makes sense.
Compare numbers. I have 5 pennies
and you have 2. Who has more? How
many more? Who has less? How can we
Play games like War, Chess, checkers,
games with dice, and games with
strategies. Talk while playing.
is this problem asking me? What do I
need to solve this problem?

Mathematicallyproficientstudentsdevelopafoundationforproblemsolving
strategiesandbecomeindependentlyproficientinusingthosestrategiestosolve
Inthisunit,students
makesenseofproblemsandperseverewhensolvingthemwhenthey:

canexplainthemeaningofaproblem.

planmorethanonewaytosolveaproblem.

useconcreteobjectsorpicturestoconceptualizeaproblem.

learntopersevereandgrapplewithaproblemwhentheyarestuck.

ResourcestoHelpatHome

WebSites:
TenFrameactivitiesonIlluminationsat
www.illuminations.nctm.org/Activity.aspx?id+35
65
skillstorescuetheoctopus.
http://illuminations.nctm.org/Activity.aspx?id=35
28
opennumberlineat
btractwithin20onanopennumberline
http://illuminations.nctm.org/Activity.aspx?id=35
66
BedtimeMathdailyproblemsarecreatedfrom
everydaycontexts.(Usuallyveryfunand
interestingcontexts!)
www.bedtimemath.com

APPS:
AWEsum:thereareavarietyofgamesandyou
determinethelevel
specificsum.Youdeterminenumberofcards
used,levelofnumberandlevelofstrategy.

Activities
Theseactivitiesarerelatedtothemathematics
weareworkingoninclass.
COUNTING:
Countanythingandeverything!
CALENDAR:
Atschool,weuseacalendaras
atoolforkeepingtrackoftimeanddates.To
helpyourchildbecomemorefamiliarwitha
calendar,hangoneatyourchildseyelevel,
andlethimorhermarkdatesofimportant
eventsinyourfamily.Ifspaceallows,s/hecan
day.
GAMES:
Yourchildwillbebringinghome
somegamestoplayduringthisunit.Asyou