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INSTRUMENTS

CH 31

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

EVENT DATA ERASE...........................................................................58

EICAS GENERAL.................................................................................. 4

LATCHED MESSAGES / ERASE PROCEDURE..................................60

OPERATIONAL AND STATUS MODE SWITCHING ............................ 6

EICAS - MESSAGE TABLE...................................................................62

EICAS COMPONENT LOCATIONS...................................................... 8

EICAS - BITE OPERATIONAL FEATURES ........................................ 64

EICAS INTERFACE DIAGRAM........................................................... 10

EICAS - TEST COMPLETION ............................................................. 66

EICAS MESSAGE LEVELS................................................................. 12

EICAS - BITE SELECTION.................................................................. 68

LEVEL A WARNING MESSAGES AND INDICATION...........................14

EICAS - BITE TEST OPERATION ...................................................... 70

LEVEL B CAUTION MESSAGES AND INDICATION............................16

EICAS - OPC SOFTWARE CROSSLOAD .......................................... 72

LEVEL C ADVISORY MESSAGES AND INDICATION.........................18

STANDBY ENGINE INDICATOR ........................................................ 74

LEVEL E COMM MEDIUM MESSAGES AND INDICATION.................20

FLIGHT DATA RECORDER (FDR) SYSTEM ..................................... 76

LEVEL F COMM LOW MESSAGES AND INDICATION........................22

WARNING ELECTRONICS SYSTEM - INTRODUCTION .................. 78

EICAS - DISPLAY SELECT PANEL.................................................... 24

WARNING ELECTRONICS UNIT (WEU)............................................ 84

PRIMARY ENGINE DISPLAY AND SECONDARY DISPLAYS .......... 26

TAKEOFF CONFIGURATION WARNING........................................... 88

STATUS PAGE DISPLAY SELECT .................................................... 28

LANDING CONFIGURATION WARNING SYSTEM............................ 92

STATUS PAGE.................................................................................... 30

AIRCRAFT CONDITION MONITORING SYSTEM (ACMS) ............... 94

EICAS MESSAGE LEVELS................................................................. 32

ACMS COMPONENT LOCATION....................................................... 96

MAINTENANCE CONTROL PANEL FUNCTIONS ............................. 34

DIGITAL DATA INPUTS ...................................................................... 98

EICAS MEC COMPONENTS .............................................................. 36

MCDU FUNCTIONS / DISPLAY SUMMARY..................................... 100

ECS/MSG DISPLAY FORMAT............................................................ 38

MIDU................................................................................................... 102

ELEC/HYD DISPLAY FORMAT .......................................................... 40


PERF/APU DISPLAY FORMAT ........................................................... 42
CONF/MCDP DISPLAY FORMAT....................................................... 44
ENG EXCD DISPLAY FORMAT.......................................................... 46
EPCS DISPLAY FORMAT................................................................... 48
EICAS - AUTO EVENT RECORD..........................................................50
EICAS - AUTO EVENT READ................................................................52
EICAS - MANUAL EVENT RECORD.....................................................54
EICAS - MANUAL EVENT READ...........................................................56

STUDENT NOTES:

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EICAS GENERAL
Purpose
A color display system that displays Engine Data and Warning, Caution,
Advisory, Status and Maintenance Messages for accurate and rapid
interpretation by the Flight and Ground Crews.
System Description
Input signals supplied from airplane sensors and the Display Select Panel are
processed by EICAS computers. EICAS computer output signals are routed
through the Switching Module to drive the Upper and/or Lower Display Units.
Cathode Ray Tube Display Unit Features
The Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) display units have a black background color and
displays seven colors defined as follows:
White - general color used for all scales, normal operating range of
pointers, digital readouts and digital readout boxes
Red - used for Warning Messages, red-line limits on scales, exceedance
condition for pointers, digital readouts and digital readout boxes
Green - used for thrust mode readout, N1 target cursor and reverse thrust
readouts
Blue - not used for any EICAS displays
Yellow - used for Caution And Advisory Messages, yellow-band on scales,
yellow-band condition for pointers, digital readouts, and digital readout
boxes
Magenta - used for in-flight start envelope, windmilling cursor, cross bleed
message and the N1 target cursor when controlled by the FMC
Cyan - used for all parameter names, status cue, total air temperature
readout and the secondary engine data cues
Flight Compartment Components
Display Select Panel - Located on Forward Electronics Panel (P9)
Display Units (DU) - Upper And Lower located between Forward Instrument
Panels (P2)
Cancel & Recall Switches - located on Captain's Instrument Panel (P1-3)
Standby Engine Indicator (SEI) - located on Captain's Instrument Panel (P1-3)

Master Warning/Caution Lights - located on each end of Glareshield (P7)


Maintenance Control Panel - located on Right Side Panel (P61)
Main Equipment Center Components
Left EICAS Computer (upper) - located on rack E8-1
Right EICAS Computer (lower) - located on rack E8-2
EICAS Switching Modules (2) - located on shelf next to left computer (E8-1)
Interface Components
Warning Electronics Unit (WEU) - located in main equipment center P51 panel
Digital Flight Data Acquisition Unit (DFDAU) located in main equipment center,
rack E2-3

EICAS GENERAL
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OPERATIONAL AND STATUS MODE SWITCHING


Initial Displays
After power is first applied to the airplane's L and R 115 vac buses, the primary
engine parameters are displayed on the Upper Display Unit (DU) and the
secondary engine parameters on the Lower DU. Alternate displays can be
obtained by utilizing the display select panel's engine or status switches as
described below.
Status Mode Display
Pressing the STATUS switch once causes the Status Mode Display to appear
on the Lower DU. Pressing the STATUS switch once again causes the Lower
DU to blank.
Since the Status Message field is limited to eleven messages per page, there
are situations where more than one page of Status Messages can exist. In this
case, each actuation of the STATUS switch causes the next page of messages
to be displayed. After all have been displayed, a final actuation of the STATUS
switch causes the Lower DU to blank except for full time fuel flow.
Secondary Engine Parameters
Pressing the ENGINE switch once causes the Lower DU display to change from
a STATUS mode display, or blank display, to the Secondary Engine Parameter
Display. Pressing this switch again causes the Lower DU to blank.
The blank lower display will have full time fuel flow indicated.
The Display Units are interchangeable with the Electronic Horizontal Situation
Indicators.

OPERATIONAL AND STATUS MODE SWITCHING


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EICAS COMPONENT LOCATIONS


Flight Deck Components
EICAS display units (upper and lower) - located on the P2 panel between the
Captain's and First Officer's instrument panels (P1 & P3).
EICAS Display Select Panel - located on the forward electronics panel (P9).
Master Caution Lights/Switches - located on the glareshield (P7).
Cancel And Recall Switches - located on the Captain's P1-3 panel.
EICAS Maintenance Panel - located on the P61 right side panel.
Circuit Breakers - located on the P11 overhead panel.
Main Equipment Center Components
EICAS Computer Units - the left computer is located on E8-1 and the right on
E8-2.
Display Switching Modules (upper and lower) - located on the modules' shelves
beside the computer on the E8-1 rack.
Signal Consolidation Card is located in the P51 card file and converts analog
signals to digital signals which are then sent to the EICAS computers. The
signals handled by the SCC come from the Fuel Quantity Processor unit (FQIS
Processor), FWD Cargo Air Conditioning System, and TCAS.
A Signal Consolidation Card (SCC) failure will result in an EICAS status
message "EICAS SCC".

EICAS COMPONENTS LOCATIONS


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EICAS INTERFACE DIAGRAM


EICAS Inputs
The EICAS computers receive three types of signals:
Discrete
Analog
Digital Data Bus
Over 400 analog input discretes are supplied in parallel to both computers and
may be grouped into various classifications as follows:
In general, signals sent by airplane subsystems for the generation of
EICAS Messages are analog discrete inputs. These include all Alert,
Status and Maintenance Messages.
THIRTY-two analog discretes are received as program pin inputs. These
program pins define airplane and engine model configuration plus all
customer selected display options.
Digital Data Inputs
Each EICAS computer receives digital inputs in both high and low speed ARINC
429 formats.
EICAS Outputs
Each EICAS computer outputs three types of signals: discrete, analog and
digital data bus.
Inter-computer interface
The two EICAS computers exchange the following three types of information
listed in priority:
After a long term power interrupt, the computer attempts to obtain the
necessary information to synchronize itself with the off-side computer.
Input data not available from its direct input source is obtained from its offside computer.
Performing cross-comparisons of its input data with its respective off-side
data for all analog variable signals, analog input discretes, ARINC 429 bus

activity and the master caution light output discrete. If a disagreement


exists, both computers set the disagree codes on the L/R EICAS test
format.

EICAS INTERFACE DIAGRAM


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EICAS MESSAGE LEVELS


EICAS Message Levels are:
Level A: Warning red message and light, red master warning lights and
master warning aural (bell or two tone siren). Immediate Crew Action
Required.
Level B: Caution yellow message and amber light, amber master caution
lights and master caution aural (4 tone beeper). Immediate Crew
Awareness And Future Crew Action.
Level C: Advisory yellow message and amber light, no aural. Crew
Awareness Required, Action As Necessary.
Level E Advisory white message to alert the crew that a communication
function is required.
Level F A comm low message that provides the crew with information
about a particular system that the aircraft uses for either voice or digital
communications.
Alerts above are all displayed on upper display unit are listed in the following
priority: Warning, Caution, then Advisory top to bottom.

EICAS MESSAGE LEVELS


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LEVEL A WARNING MESSAGE AND INDICATIONS


Indications
EICAS shows a red warning message when there is a level A warning. At the
same time, warning system signals cause the master WARNING lights to come
on and the firebell or siren aural to come on.
You push one or the other master WARNING light to cause a reset of the
warning system circuit. This puts off the master WARNING lights and stops the
level A aural warnings.
Warning System
The warning system will be covered in more detail later in the chapter and
consists of a Warning Electronics Unit, aural warning loudspeakers, aural
cancel switch, and test switches. It also includes the master WARNING switchlights, SPEEDBRAKES light, and discrete warning light.
Input signals are received from airplane sensors, other airplane systems, or
generated by the pilots.
Signals are processed within the Warning Electronics Unit (WEU).

LEVEL A WARNING MESSAGE AND INDICATIONS


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LEVEL B CAUTION MESSAGE AND INDICATIONS


Indications
These are the flight compartment indications when there is a level B caution:
Yellow EICAS message
Two master CAUTION lights
Beeper tone from the warning system
The level B beeper sound is from the warning system for 0.8 second.
You push one or the other master CAUTION light to cause a reset of the control
circuits for the two master CAUTION lights. This stops the aural warning.

LEVEL B CAUTION MESSAGE AND INDICATIONS


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LEVEL C ADVISORY MESSAGE AND INDICATIONS


Indications
EICAS shows a yellow message when there is a level C advisory. The
message is one space to the right and below the last level B caution message.
No aural tones or master caution lights come on for a level C advisory.

LEVEL C ADVISORY MESSAGE AND INDICATIONS


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LEVEL E COMM MEDIUM MESSAGES AND INDICATIONS


General
Comm medium messages show at the bottom of the message field. They are
bottom justified. The messages show in white letters with a white bullet in front
of them.
Operation
Comm medium messages alert the crew that a communication function is
necessary, such as a ground call from the nose landing gear call switch or
similar condition where voice communication is necessary. The crew responds
with the appropriate system.
EICAS sends a chime discrete to the warning unit at the same time it shows the
message. The warning unit causes a single high chime to sound in the flight
deck.
Not all comm messages have chimes.
Indications
Any indicator lights are turned on by the system that provides the input. For
example, the GROUND CALL light is turned on by the crew call system, not
EICAS.

LEVEL E COMM MEDIUM MESSAGES AND INDICATIONS


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LEVEL F COMM LOW MESSAGE AND INDICATIONS


General
Comm low messages give the crew information about a particular system that
the airplane uses for voice or digital communication.
Operation
Comm low messages show at the bottom of the message field. They are
bottom justified and indented one space. The messages are in white letters
with a white bullet in front of them. They always show below any comm medium
messages.

LEVEL F COMM LOW MESSAGE AND INDICATIONS


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EICAS - DISPLAY SELECT PANEL


The Display Select Panel
Is the primary unit for both pilots to control EICAS functions and displays. All
controls on this panel can be used in flight and on the ground.
Engine Display Switch
A momentary push switch used to display or remove secondary engine data on
the lower display unit.
Status Display Switch
A momentary push switch used to display or remove the status page on the
lower display unit. It will also advance pages in event of status message page
overflow.
Event Record Switch
A momentary push switch when used records all ECS, ELEC, HYD, PERF &
APU data for storage in manual event nonvolatile memory for recall on the
ground.
Computer Select Switch
A three-position rotary switch for selecting display signal source. In auto, the left
computer is primary signal source. Automatic switching to right computer
occurs when left computer becomes invalid. In the L or R positions the
respective computer is the signal source with no automatic switching.
Display Units Brightness Control
Dual concentric controls with the inner control increasing brightness of both
display units when rotated clockwise. The outer control increases the
brightness of the upper display unit and decreases the brightness of the lower
display unit when rotated clockwise. Rotating the outer control
counterclockwise has the opposite effect.

Thrust Reference Index Set Controls


A dual concentric rotary switch combined with a two-way push/pull switch. The
inner control is continuously rotating with twelve detents per revolution. When
pulled out, the Thrust Reference can be manually set. Clockwise rotation of the
control increases the corresponding readout with a rotation sensitivity of 1% per
detent. Once a readout has been modified manually, its last input data will be
retained regardless of the engine selector switch position until the inner control
is reset (pushed in). The outer control is a three-position rotary switch used to
select the LEFT, BOTH or RIGHT Engine. The Thrust Management
(Autothrottle) will not limit engines to a Manually Set limit.
Maximum Indicator Reset Switch
A momentary push switch used to clear maximum exceedance readouts from
the display units. Only that data for which the exceedance no longer exists is
cleared it does not erase engine exceedance data in nonvolatile memory for
readout by maintenance (ENG EXCD page).
Cancel And Recall Switches
Associated with Caution And Advisory Messages only displayed on the upper
display unit. Momentary Cancel Switch when pushed removes Caution and
Advisory Messages currently displayed, or paging capability to display those
stored in memory, that are in excess of 11 messages. Momentary Recall Switch
when pushed re-displays the Caution and Advisory Messages on page 1
removed by the Cancel Switch.

EICAS - DISPLAY SELECT PANEL


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PRIMARY ENGINE DISPLAY AND SECONDARY ENGINE


DISPLAY
General
The operational mode shows the primary and secondary engine parameters
and crew alerts necessary on the ground and in flight. This mode gives a
continuous monitor of airplane and engine systems.
The upper display is for primary engine parameters and three levels of alert
messages that automatically show. The lower display shows secondary engine
parameters.
At power-up, all engine parameters show.
Primary Engine Parameters
Primary engine parameters, N1 and EGT, show on the upper display unit (DU)
at all times. The parameters shown are only those necessary to set and monitor
engine thrust. The primary thrust parameter for the General Electric engine is
N1. N1 shows in a digital readout and by an analog pointer. EGT is a thrust
monitoring parameter.
Secondary Engine Parameters
These secondary parameters show for each engine at power-up or when
manually set to show on the lower DU:

N2
Fuel flow
Engine oil parameters
Vibration

When Maintenance pages are shown on bottom display, the upper display unit
will change to compact full format.

Exceedance Conditions
If a parameter gets to an exceedance condition, EICAS shows those engine
parameters in the exceedance color for fast crew attention and response.
These are the exceedance colors and priorities:
Red - highest priority
Yellow - medium priority
White - lowest priority

TAT + 15c

TAT + 15c

L HYD SYS PRESS


L YAW DAMPER
RUDDER RATIO
PARKING BRAKE

TO

107.1

0.0

10
6

2
N1

ALERT
MESSAGE
FIELD

0.0

10
6

N1

EGT

0.0

10
6

20
0.0 BB

VVVVVVV

0.0

N2

SECONDARY
ENGINE
PARAMETERS

N2

ENGINE OIL
PARAMETERS

TEMP

OIL

18
ENGINE
VIBRATION

0.0

18

0.0
FF

QTY

OIL

0.0

BB

BB

0.0

0.0

OIL PRESS

OIL QTY
VIB

FUEL
FLOW

PRIMARY EICAS DISPLAY AND SECONDARY ENGINE DISPLAY


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20
0.0

EGT
N2
FF

20

00
0.0

BB

UPPER DISPLAY
COMPACT FULL FORMAT
(PRIMARY AND SECONDARY ENGINE
PARAMETERS WHILE MAINTENANCE
PAGES SHOW)

VIB

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EGT

OIL TEMP

PRESS

0.0

10
N1

PRIMARY
ENGINE
PARAMETERS

00

107.1

EGT

OIL

TO

107.1

L HYD SYS PRESS


L YAW DAMPER
RUDDER RATIO
PARKING BRAKE

107.1

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STATUS PAGE DISPLAY SELECT


General
The status mode display gives the data necessary for the crew to find if the
airplane is prepared for dispatch. The display has a relation to the minimum
equipment list (MEL). You push the STATUS switch on the display select panel
to show the display. Status messages show on the upper right side of the lower
display unit (DU).
With the status messages, analog pointers show the positions of the rudder,
elevator, and aileron control surfaces. Digital readouts show selected
subsystem parameters.
If a DU has a failure in flight, the status cue and status displays inhibit. They are
not inhibited on the ground.
Some display configurations can cause subsystem data to show if they are on in
the OPC software. This system data can show on the STATUS display in
relation to the OPC:

Fuel flow full time


Hydraulic pressure
APU rpm
APU oil quantity
Bulk cargo temperature
Forward cargo temperature
Tire pressure
Brake temperature

STATUS PAGE DISPLAY SELECT


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STATUS PAGE
Normal Sequence
The status page is displayed in flight or on the ground whenever the Status
Switch on the Display Select Panel is momentarily pressed. It is removed or
advances status pages with subsequent pressing of the STATUS switch.
Hydraulic System Features
The Hydraulic Quantity is continuously displayed in white in percentage (%) of
full. When the hydraulic quantity in flight or on the ground drops below
approximately 75%, the message RF (refill) in magenta is added after the
readout.
Brake Temperature
Continuous Brake Temperature is displayed on the status page with cyan
numbers inside cyan boxes grouped in two groups of four each for each landing
gear. Only one box in a group (left or right gear) is changed from cyan to white
when more than one readout is in the threshold range (3 to 4). All boxes and
numbers 5 or greater are changed from cyan to white.
Auxiliary Power Unit (APU)
Continuous APU rpm (%), EGT (oc), and Oil Quantity are displayed on the
status page in white.
APU Oil Quantity can read: 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, or FULL in white or ADD in
magenta. FULL is 6.2 Quarts and ADD is at or below 4.2 Quarts.
Crew Oxygen Pressure
Continuous Crew Oxygen Bottle Pressure (psi) is displayed in white.
Control Surface Position Display
Continuous display of Primary Flight Control Surface Position is displayed on
the status page. These include RUDDER, INBOARD and OUTBOARD

AILERONS, and the ELEVATORS. The Rudder Position is shown on a


horizontal scale while the Ailerons And Elevators are on a vertical scale.
Status Messages
Status Messages related to systems/items Requiring Crew Awareness prior to
dispatch or in flight are provided on the upper right side of the Status Page. A
cue message STATUS will appear in the upper left corner of the lower display to
alert the crew of a Status Message stored in memory and that the Status
Switch should be pressed to display the Status Page and Associated Message.
Selecting the status page cancels the cue. When more than 11 status
messages are displayed, line 11 is replaced by a page 1 notation. Momentarily
pressing the STATUS switch, the status messages are paged and the page
number incremented. Pressing the STATUS switch after all overflow messages
are displayed blanks the lower display unit.
Note:

There is a 15-second time delay between the new Status Message


and the display of the Status Cue (assuming the cue was not
already displayed). This is to prevent spurious cue annunciation.

STATUS PAGE
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EICAS MESSAGE LEVELS


Alert Messages, Status, and Maintenance Messages
Level A,B,C alert messages are on the Primary EICAS Display.
Level S: Status is white message on status page selected by STATUS switch
on the Display Select Panel. MEL related items requiring Crew Awareness
Prior To Dispatch. There is no associated aural alarm. Priority is order of
occurence, listed from top to bottom.
Level M: Maintenance is white message on ECS/MSG maintenance page. No
Crew Awareness Required. There is no associated aural alarm. Priority is
order of occurence, listed from top to bottom.
On all combinations approximately 86% of the Status Messages are also
Maintenance Messages, therefore clearing these Maintenance Messages also
clears them as a Status Message.

EICAS MESSAGE LEVELS


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MAINTENANCE CONTROL PANEL FUNCTIONS


General
The Maintenance Control Panel is primarily used by maintenance personnel to
display maintenance data stored in computer nonvolatile memory during flight
or ground operations. All switches on this panel are unlighted and operate on
the ground and above 10,000 feet in the air.
Maintenance Format Display Select Switches
Six momentary push switches for selecting real time or stored display of
maintenance data on the Lower Display Unit are provided. These displays are
intended to provide system information normally available in the flight
compartment, plus additional computer configuration data and Maintenance
Messages from the MCDP. The system allows reading and erasing of auto and
manual events stored in NVM. EICAS records out-of-limit occurrences in the
airplane systems and stores them in NVM. The read and erase capability is
available for each individual page. When any of the 6 Maintenance Pages are
selected, the upper display unit displays the full compacted format.
ECS/MSG, ELEC/HYD and PERF/APU formats
These formats can be displayed in any of the three modes: Real Time, Manual
Event or Auto Event. The Real Time mode displays current dynamic data
while Manual and Auto Event Modes display data stored in the respective
nonvolatile memory (NVM). Pressing any of the above maintenance switches
once displays the associated data on the lower display unit in real time mode.
Pressing the switch a second time with the associated data displayed causes
primary engine data to be displayed on the upper display unit and secondary
engine data on the lower unit.
Note:

The maintenance messages displayed on the ECS/MSG page are


both Real Time and Latched in NVM. If more than 11 messages
exist, like the STATUS switch, the ECS/MSG switch is pressed
once for each overflow page.

CONF/MCDP and ENG EXCD formats


The CONF/MCDP format can be displayed in Real Time Only. It displays
computer configuration, selected Program Pin Options, Configuration and
Maintenance Messages from the Maintenance Control And Display Panel
(MCDP), and selected System Operational Conditions. The ENG EXCD format
displays various Engine Exceedances (maximum values and total time of
exceedance). The ENG EXCD page is stored data (NVM) only.
Event Read Switches
To read Auto or Manual Event recording select either read switch after calling
up the appropriate maintenance page format.
The Auto Read switch causes the computer to display the selected data (ECS/
MSG, ELEC/HYD or PERF/APU) recorded during an associated alert or out-oflimit, the event message and the statement Auto Event on the lower display
unit. Pressing the Auto Read switch a second time reverts the selected data to
real time.
The Man Read switch will cause the computer to display the selected
maintenance page data recorded when the event record switch on the display
select panel is pressed or when the Rec switch is pressed on the Maintenance
Control Panel. Pressing the Man Read switch a second time reverts the
selected data to real time.

MAINTENANCE CONTROL PANEL FUNCTIONS


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EICAS MEC COMPONENTS


EICAS Bypass Switch
The EICAS bypass switch lets you select maintenance pages in flight. It is a
guarded, two-position switch.
The switch is on the lower rail of the E8 rack in the main equipment center and
is labeled NORMAL and BYPASS.
In the BYPASS position, the switch provides a ground to the maintenance
panel. This lets the panel operate in the air (weight-off-wheels) at any altitude.
In the NORMAL position, the switch provides a ground under these conditions
From the AIR/GND system relay when the airplane is on the ground.
From a pressure switch in the MEC when the aircraft is at 10,000 feet or
above. This switch gets a static pressure input from the right alternate
static port.
Maintenance pages can not show in flight if either of the display units is failed.
EICAS Signal Consolidation Card (SCC)
The Signal Consolidation Card (SCC) gets signals from various airplane
systems. It combines them into one ARINC 429 bus output to the EICAS
computers. The signals handled by the SCC come from the Fuel Quantity
Processor unit (FQIS Processor), FWD Air Conditioning System, and TCAS
prior to inputing to EICAS.
A Signal Consolidation Card (SCC) failure will result in an EICAS status
message EICAS SCC.

EICAS MEC COMPONENTS


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ECS/MSG DISPLAY FORMAT


Control Sequence
The ECS/MSG page can be displayed on the lower display unit when the
airplane is on the ground and the ECS/MSG switch is momentarily pressed.
With no Maintenance Messages displayed, or 11 or less messages, pressing
the switch a second time returns the upper display to primary engine data and
the lower display to secondary engine data.
Environmental Control Systems (ECS) Data
The 7 basic ECS parameter displays are: Duct Temperature, Trim Valve
Position, L & R Pack Outlet Temperature, L & R Duct Pressure, L & R Pack
Flow, L & R Temperature Control Valve Position and L & R Ram Inlet Door
Position.
The following displayed parameter captions and the associated readouts result
from program-pin selection (PP): Mid Cabin Zone Duct Temp and Trim Valve
Position - PP 18 and ECS Temp Package - PP 21 consisting of L & R Turb In
Temp, L & R Compr Out Temp, and L & R Prim Hx In Temp. ECS in US units PP 14 - converts all ECS temperature parameters to degrees Fahrenheit.
Maintenance Message Display
Maintenance Messages for all systems are displayed on the right side of the
ECS/MSG format. These messages, which are displayed only on the ground,
indicate conditions which do not require Flight Crew attention. They are
generated primarily to assist maintenance. Up to 11 messages can be
displayed on this page and multiple paging capability is provided. When
displayed, these messages are a combination of Real Time or Latched
Maintenance Messages. If an overflow condition occurs (more than 11
messages), the eleventh line message is replaced by page 1. The pages are
cycled using the ECS/MSG switch. Once the ECS/MSG is selected,
subsequent presses of the ECS/MSG switch will display additional pages of
messages.
The page notation is incremented each time a new page of messages is shown.
Pressing the switch after all messages have been cycled removes the ECS/
MSG format.

Auto/Manual Event Display


An Auto-Event recording of ECS parameters occurs only with both engines
running and the parking brake released. There are 6 different auto-events,
each recorded as the following advisory messages are generated: Flt Deck
Temp, Fwd Cabin Temp, Mid Cabin Temp , Aft Cabin Temp, L Pack Temp & R
Pack Temp. All ECS parameters and the associated event message are stored
in a dedicated ECS auto-event NVM. For example, the ECS message Aft Cabin
Temp is shown in real-time at the bottom left of the display to inform the
mechanic that an auto-event recording occurred.
When the Auto Event Read switch is pressed, the following is displayed: 1) the
Aft Cabin Temp Message; 2) the Auto Event label surrounded by a box; 3) all
ECS data; and 4) only the maintenance messages latch in NVM.
The manually recorded ECS parameters (not the maintenance messages) can
be displayed by pressing the Man Event Read switch. Man Event will then be
displayed at the bottom of the page. If the ECS/MSG format is displayed in
either event mode, pressing the ERASE switch for approximately 3 seconds
erases the ECS stored data as well as the latched maintenance messages.

ECS / MSG DISPLAY FORMAT


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ELEC/HYD DISPLAY FORMAT


General
The ELEC/HYD page can be displayed on the lower display unit when the
airplane is on the ground and the ELEC/HYD display select switch is
momentarily pressed. At this time, the upper display unit displays the fullcompact format. Pressing the switch a second time switches the upper to
primary engines and the lower to secondary engines display.
Electrical System Features
Monitored parameters for the various Electrical components, are as listed:

Hyd Generator - AC output voltage & frequency & DC voltage


Standby Inverter - AC output voltage & frequency
Main Battery - DC voltage & charge (+)/ discharge (-) current
L & R Engine Generators - AC output load, voltage, frequency & IDG oil
out and rise temperatures
L & R Transformer Rectifier Units - DC output voltage & current
APU Generator - AC output load, voltage and frequency
APU Battery Charger - charge voltage and current
Ground Power - AC output load, voltage and frequency

If the AC output voltage from the Engine/APU IDG's, Standby Inverter or


Ground Power decreases below 100 vac, the readout display drops to 0. The
main battery readout is limited to + 150 amperes. For a zero readout, the + orsign is blanked. When the readout value is less than + 2 amps, the readout is
also 0.
Hydraulic System Features
There are 3 basic parameters displayed for the l, C & R hydraulic systems:
hydraulic quantity, hydraulic pressure and hydraulic temperature. When the
hydraulic quantity readout is equal to, or greater than the overfull level of 1.22,
the readout is followed with the message OF (example - 1.29 OF).
When the hydraulic quantity readout is equal to, or less than the refill level of
0.75, the readout is followed with the message RF (example - 0.73 RF). The
hydraulic pressure readouts are shown in 10 psi increments.

Auto-Event Recording
An auto-event recording of the ELEC/HYD parameters is enabled only with both
engines running and the parking brake released.
Electrical System
There are 6 Electrical system conditions and associated messages that can
initiate an auto-event recording of the Electrical system parameters. The
associated messages are: L/R Gen Drive, L/R IDG Oil Temp, IDG Rise Temp &
IDG Out Temp. All Electrical system data and associated messages are stored
in the dedicated Electrical system auto-event NVM.
Hydraulic System
There are 13 conditions and associated messages that can initiate an autoevent recording of the hydraulic system parameters. The associated messages
are: L/C/R HYD sys press, L/C/R HYD Qty, L/C/R dem Hyd Ovht, C Hyd 1 Ovht,
C Hyd 2 Ovht and L/R prim Hyd Ovht. All hydraulic system data and associated
messages are stored in the dedicated hydraulic system auto-event NVM.

ELEC / HYD DISPLAY FORMAT


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PERF/APU DISPLAY FORMAT


General
The PERF/APU page is displayed on the lower display unit when the airplane is
on the ground or in flight and the maintenance panel PERF/APU switch is
momentarily pressed. Pressing the PERF/APU switch a second time removes
the display.
Environmental Data Features
Five environmental parameters (Gross Weight, Indicated Airspeed, Mach, Total
Air Temperature and Altitude) are provided for immediate evaluation with the
engine data.
Gross Weight data comes from the Flight Management Computer (FMC) and
Indicated Airspeed, Mach, Total Air Temperature and Altitude Data all come
from the Air Data Inertial Reference Computer (ADIRU).
Engine Data Features
Six engine parameters (Commanded N1, Actual N1, EGT, N2 Speed, Fuel Flow
and Fuel Pressure) are displayed for each engine.
N1 Command Readout, corresponding to the display select, N1 when the Thrust
Reference Control is pulled out. Clockwise rotation of the control increases the
readout with a sensitivity of .1% N1 for each detent. CCW rotation decreases
the readout .1% N1 for each detent. The last Thrust Management Computer
(TMC) N1 command data displayed is stored when the thrust reference control
is pulled out. Pushing in the Thrust Reference Control reverts the N1 command
readout to real-time data.
Fuel Flow readout is in lbs/hr x 100. Fuel Pressure parameter (PSI) is also
displayed.
Engine Oil And Vibration Data
Three engine oil parameters (Oil Pressure, Oil Temperature and Oil Qty) and
three vibration parameters are displayed for each engine. Oil quantity is

displayed in U.S. quarts. Vibration parameters are displayed in tracking filter


format (all parameters) on a scale from 0-5 units.
Engine Limited Related Auto-Events
The PERF subsystem parameters like ECS, ELEC, Hyd & APU can be stored in
auto-event NVM. However, the PERF data is related to engine LIMITS, not
programmed conditions that generate a message. If EGT, oil pressure or oil
temperature for either engine exceeds the yellow-band limit, an auto-event is
taken (snapshot) of the PERF data of that engine. A subsequent yellow autoevent on that engine will be ignored. If any of these parameters then enters the
red exceedance range for that engine, a second auto-event will be taken that
overrides and erases the first. Any more yellow or red auto-events for that
engine will then be ignored. The Auto-Event message on the lower right corner
of the PERF Page identifies the parameter and level (yellow or red) of the
exceedance. An Auto-Event is also stored in NVM if N1 or N2 for either engine
exceeds the red line limit (no yellow-band) or if either oil qty. drops to less than 4
qts. with the engine running. An Auto-Event for one engine will not effect the
Auto-Event snapshot storage event for the other engine. There are a total of 18
(9 per engine) LIMIT RELATED Auto-Events that will store the PERF format
data for the respective engine. These must be erased the same as a
MESSAGE RELATED Auto-Event on the other maintenance page formats.
APU Display Data
Two APU parameters (EGT and % RPM) are displayed. There are 2 conditions
(APU Fault & APU Oil Qty) that can initiate an Auto-Event recording of the APU
parameters. All APU parameters and the associated Auto-Event message are
stored in the dedicated APU Auto-Event NVM.

PERF / APU DISPLAY FORMAT


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CONF/MCDP DISPLAY FORMAT


CONF/MCDP
The CONF/MCDP (Configuration/Maintenance Control & Display Panel) page
can be displayed on the lower display unit when the airplane is on the ground
and the CONF/MCDP display select switch is momentarily pressed. At this
time, the upper display unit changes to a full-compacted format. Pressing the
CONF/MCDP switch a second time switches the lower display to secondary and
the upper to primary engine displays. The CONF/MCDP format is displayed in
real-time only.
Configuration Features
EICAS part number is the EICAS computer part number for the specific engine
configuration CF6-80C2F. Engine configuration displays are determined by
computer program pins. For the EICAS computers, program pins 1 thru 4 (left
engine) and 6 thru 9 (right engine) are allocated for engine configuration
displays and must be properly grounded when engines are intermixed.
Program pin configuration is displayed in a hexadecimal format.
MCDP Display Features
The MCDP displayed data is supplied to the EICAS computers from the MCDP
on an arinc 429 data bus. An aim word format is used. The first line is a yellow
message stating that maintenance data is displayed on the display unit. When
the MCDP is not on and not supplying data, this line contains the white
message MCDP OFF. The second line is a yellow message stating in which of
two modes the MCDP is operating and the type of data. The two MCDP modes
are FLIGHT FAULTS and GRD TEST. The third line is blank. The fourth line is
a white message displaying the data that is contained on the top line of the
MCDP display windows. The fifth line is a white message displaying the data
that is contained on the bottom line of the MCDP display window. Lines 6 thru
11 are for future growth and not used at this time.
Input Bus Activity Features
The input bus activity is monitored for presence of one specific input word label
for each bus. No activity on a bus generates the message OFF. Active data on
a bus generates the message ON, TEST, NCD or FAIL, depending on

the SSM of the word per ARINC 429. A negative sign bit for always positive
parameters causes the FAIL message to be displayed. The following ARINC
429 bus inputs and parameters are monitored for activity:
EICAS - inter-connect bus
Display Select Panel (DSP)- all DSP switches, Cancel/Recall switches and
the maintenance panel CONF/MCDP switch
Air Data Inertial Reference Unit (ADIRU) Total Air Temp (TAT)
Radio Altimeter (RA) Radio Altitude
Thrust Management Computer (TMC)- Total Air Temperature (TAT)
Flight Management Computer (FMC)- Gross Weight (GW)
MCDP - Display Data
Fuel - Fuel Quantity Indicating System,(FQIS) Left Tank Fuel Quantity
Airborne Vibration Monitor (AVM) - Left Engine Vibration
Instrument Comparitor Unit (ICU)- Comparitor Flag Word Label 270
Electronic Engine Control (EEC)- L, R N1 Command

CONF / MCDP DISPLAY FORMAT


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ENG EXCD DISPLAY FORMAT


General
The ENG EXCD page is displayed on the lower display unit when the airplane is
on the ground and the maintenance control panel ENG EXCD switch is
momentarily pressed. The upper display unit automatically switches to the fullcompacted format. Pressing the ENG EXCD switch a second time switches the
upper display to primary and the lower to secondary engine formats. The ENG
EXCD page will display stored data only.
Each engine maximum exceedance and accumulated time of exceedance for
each parameter is stored in the engine exceedance NVM (nonvolatile memory).
If no recorded data exists in the NVM, the associated readout is blank. The
parameters monitored for each engine are: N1, EGT and N2.
The stored data can be erased by pressing the ERASE switch on the
Maintenance Control Panel for approximately 3 seconds while the ENG EXCD
page and its stored data is displayed.

TOTAL
EXCEEDANCE TIME

:06
:12

106.7
1038

MAXIMUM
EXCEEDANCE VALUE

ENG EXCD
N 1RED

EGT START
EGT RED
N 2RED

MAX

:03

103.9

EGT START

1038 1025
985
945
905
865
825
785
745
705
765
750

:02.7
:03.5
:04.4
:05.2
:06.3
:07.6
:08.5
:09.1
:10.4
:11.3
:12.2

MAXIMUM
EXCEEDANCE VALUE

R EGT AMBER

995
975
965
960

1:09.5
1:11.2
1:13.3
1:15.7

MAX

995

ENG EXCD
EICAS MAINT
DISPLAY SELECT
AUTO
PERF
ECS
ELEC
MSG

HYD

CONF

ENG

MCDP

EXCD

EVENT
READ

APU
TEST

REC

EPCS

MAINTENANCE PANEL

ENG EXCD DISPLAY FORMAT


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ERASE

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EPCS DISPLAY FORMAT


General
Electronic Propulsion Control System (EPCS) pages consist of two pages.
Page 1 contain engine parameters from the Electronic Engine Control (EEC) for
channel in control. This page has Auto event capabilities.
Page 2 contains hexadecimal codes directly from the EEC. These are STATUS
words which represent the overall status of the engine.
They are used to augment the Propulsion Interface Monitoring Unit (PIMU)
messages when troubleshooting.

EPCS DISPLAY FORMAT


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EICAS - AUTO EVENT RECORD


General
EICAS can store an automatic event of subsystem parameters when some outof-tolerance conditions occur in each of these systems:

Environmental control subsystem (ECS)


Electrical subsystem
Hydraulic subsystem
APU subsystem
Engine performance (left and right)

The PERF/APU page auto event record occurs at all times. The two engines
must be on to store auto events for the other subsystems.
Auto Event Record
An auto event record stores all the subsystem parameters in non-volatile
memory (NVM) for readout and analysis. The auto event record for the ECS,
ELEC, HYD, and APU subsystems has a limit of one event for each subsystem.
Subsequent events for these formats do not erase a related auto event record in
memory.
For the PERF and EPCS subsystem formats, there can be more than one auto
event stored on a priority basis. One auto event for each engine can be stored
and shown.

EICAS - AUTO EVENT RECORD


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EICAS - AUTO EVENT READ


Auto Event Display
You push the AUTO EVENT READ switch on the EICAS maintenance panel to
show auto event record values on a maintenance display format. The words
AUTO EVENT show in a box at the bottom of the page.
The condition that caused the auto event record shows on the bottom of the
display in real time. The condition also shows in the auto event read modes to
show the crew that an auto event occurred.
Maintenance Messages
If the ECS/MSG page shows, and you push the AUTO EVENT READ switch, a
maintenance message list can show with the recorded ECS parameters. This
includes only those maintenance messages latched into NVM.
Switching Functions
When the auto event read mode shows, you push the AUTO EVENT READ
switch again to show the real-time data. You push the same maintenance
display select switch again to show the primary engine display on the upper DU.
The secondary engine display shows on the lower DU.

EICAS - AUTO EVENT READ


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EICAS - MANUAL EVENT RECORD


General
The crew can manually record these formats:

ECS
ELEC/HYD
PERF/APU
EPCS

The manually recorded data is known as a manual event. You do these steps to
record a manual event:
On the ground or in flight, you push the EVENT RECORD switch on the
display select panel; this records all ECS, ELEC/HYD, PERF/APU, and
EPCS without relation to the EICAS page shown
On the ground, you push the REC switch on the maintenance panel to
record the subsystem parameters from the real-time maintenance format
shown (ECS, ELEC/HYD, EPCS or PERF/APU); messages do not record
A subsequent push of the switch records the data that shows and erases the
data recorded before.

EICAS - MANUAL EVENT RECORD


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EICAS - MANUAL EVENT READ


Manual Event Display
You do these steps to show manual event data:

Select the applicable maintenance page


Push the MAN EVENT READ switch
MANUAL EVENT shows in a box on the bottom of the screen
Push the MAN EVENT READ switch again to show the real-time data

When you show manual event data, no message list shows on the ECS/MSG
page.
You push the same display select switch to show the primary engine display
again on the upper DU. The secondary engine display shows on the lower DU.

EICAS - MANUAL EVENT READ


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EICAS - EVENT DATA ERASE


General
The ERASE switch on the maintenance panel lets you erase the auto and
manual event data. Each maintenance page format erases independently.
ECS, ELEC/HYD, EPCS, and PERF/APU Data
You do these steps to erase the recorded data for a manual event or an auto
event:
Push the display select switch on the maintenance display panel to show
the necessary maintenance page.
Push the MAN EVENT READ switch or the AUTO EVENT READ switch on
the maintenance panel.
Push and hold the ERASE switch until the recorded event data erases.
ENG EXCD Data
You do these steps to erase the recorded engine exceedance values:
Push the ENG EXCD switch on the maintenance display panel.
Push and hold the ERASE switch until the recorded data erases.
Because the recorded exceedances show when you select the ENG EXCD
format, you do not use the AUTO or MAN EVENT READ switches to erase
engine exceedance data.

EICAS - EVENT DATA ERASE


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EICAS - LATCHED MESSAGES / ERASE PROCEDURE


General
There are two types of status/maintenance messages, real-time and latched.
Real-time messages only show during a system fault or non-normal condition.
Latched messages are in nonvolatile memory and stay after the fault repair, or
the condition that caused them is not there.
When you push the ECS/MSG switch, the ECS/MSG maintenance data shows.
The message list that shows is real-time and latched messages.
After you do maintenance on a system that has a latched message, you must
do the erase procedure with the EICAS maintenance panel. This procedure
erases the maintenance message and the latched status message for the
related system.
Erase Procedure
The AUTO EVENT-READ switch selects the AUTO EVENT display. Only the
latched messages show. This display does not show real-time messages.
Latched messages from page one and subsequent pages show on the display.
If you push the ERASE switch while the AUTO EVENT display is on, the latched
messages and ECS AUTO EVENT data erase. System faults that are active
cause latched messages to show again on the display. In the example shown,
the message MAIN BAT CHGR shows again on the display after you push the
ERASE switch. This shows that the battery charger continues to be in a fault
condition.
Some maintenance messages only latch when the airplane is in the air or on
jacks (weight-off-wheels). If the fault condition continues for these systems,
these messages show again when there is a weight-off-wheels condition.

EICAS - LATCHED MESSAGES / ERASE PROCEDURE


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EICAS MESSAGE TABLE


General
The complete EICAS MESSAGE LIST in the Fault Isolation/Maintenance
Manual in the FRONT MATTER section. All of the EICAS messages are in
alphabetical sequence in this tab section. This information is for a typical page.
The MESSAGE column shows the nomenclature of each message. The flag
notes with brackets show in the message column if an auto event occurs in
relation to the message:

ECS auto event


ELEC auto event
HYD auto event
APU auto event
PERF and EPCS auto event

The LEVEL column shows A, B, C, E, F, S, or M and if the message latches in


nonvolatile memory (NVM). If the message latches only when the airplane is in
the air, the LEVEL column shows NVM-AIR.
Levels A, B, and C show alert messages. Levels E and F show communication
messages. Level S shows a status message. Level M shows a maintenance
message.
The SYSTEM INPUT column shows the general conditions necessary for a
discrete signal to cause each message.
The FIM CHAP REF column lists the primary ATA chapter/section for each
message in the FIM.
There is a different EICAS MESSAGE LIST in each ATA chapter. This list
follows the CONTENTS section for the related chapter. The list shows all
messages for the related ATA chapter only. The list also gives a corrective
action or FIM chapter/section with the applicable figure number.

EICAS MESSAGE TABLE


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EICAS - BITE OPERATIONAL FEATURES


EICAS Bite Features
In addition to automatic monitoring, an EICAS system self-test routine can be
requested. This request is only honored when the airplane is on the Ground
and the Parking Brake Set. The BITE self-test mode is initiated by pressing the
TEST button on the EICAS maintenance panel on the P61 panel. A second
press of the TEST button or release of the parking brake will cause the
computers to exit the test mode. The self-test routine involves and end-to-end
test of system health. When the TEST button is pressed, internally produced
signals drive the input receivers of each computer. Each EICAS computer
responds independently to the test. All the automatic monitoring continues,
however, crosstalk input data comparison is halted. Any disagreement using
crosstalk during monitoring is retained. Once the test sequence is initiated, the
cyctem provides the following indications:
The test format appears on both EICAS display units.
The Master Caution Lights come on.
The aural command output discrete is set to ground causing the WEU
(Warning Electronics Unit) to sound the Caution Aural.
The take-off thrust output discrete is set to ground, causing the WEU to
sound its take-off configuration warning signals.
The test format displays Test In Progress during test signal processing.
After processing is finished, the ground is removed from the output
discretes.
Results of the test are displayed on the test format. If any failures were
detected in the computer during test, a hexadecimal CU TEST code is
displayed. This code provides data to the shop personnel for use in fault
isolation.
If a disagreement exists with an engine parameter and the message
EICAS Disagree (S) is displayed, a code is displayed on the test format. If
a disagreement exists with a non-engine parameter or an analog discrete
and the message EICAS BITE (M) is displayed, a code is also displayed on
the test format.
Fail messages are also displayed at the completion of the test as follows:
Left Cmptr Fail is displayed when the left computer detects a fault within
itself (a fault bit is set in the left computer Cu Code code).

Right Cmptr Fail - same as described for the left computer. Upper Du Fail
or Lower Du Fail is displayed if any fault discrete is set from the upper or
lower display unit, respectively.
If any fail messages are displayed, the message Test Fail is also displayed
at the top of the test format. If no faults exist, the message Test Ok is
displayed.
Proper switch operation can be verified by BITE while in the self-test mode.
When the following switches are pressed, a corresponding Key message will be
displayed: ENGINE, STATUS, CANCEL, RECALL, ECS/MSG, ELEC/HYD,
PERF/APU, CONF/MCDP, ENG EXCD, AUTO READ, MAN READ, READ And
ERASE. To erase EICAS BITE or EICAS DISAGREE messages and LRU
failure messages or any disagreement code from the test page, the test page
must be accessed and erased as follows:

Initiate manual self-test (EICAS BITE)


Press and hold erase switch and check that Key message appears
Press and hold erase switch until LRU failure message or code disappears
Press test switch to return displays to normal

EICAS - BITE OPERATIONAL FEATURES


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EICAS TEST COMPLETION


Self-Test Completion
When the self-test is complete, the message SELF TEST COMPLETE replaces
the TEST IN PROGRESS message.
Note:

If the left or right EICAS test format was automatically started due
to a program pin error, the message PROG PIN ERROR shows
above the program pin readout. Computer power must be turned
off and on again to restore the system to normal operation after
repair of a program pin fault.

Page Navigation
Instructions will be shown on the page of which switches to push and frequency
of pushes. This will allow navigation to other pages in the test mode.
Self-Test Cancellation
Push the TEST switch again, or release the parking brake to cause both
computers to leave the test mode. The display changes to the normal primary
and secondary engine displays on the upper and lower Display Units.

EICAS TEST COMPLETION


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EICAS BITE SELECTION


Bite Page Transitions
When you select the test mode, the self test screen shows on both the upper
and lower units. With the maintenance panel, various bite pages are accessed.
These are the pages:
Present status page
Fault history page
Fault report pages
To get access the pages, push either the AUTO or MAN switch twice, as
prompted on the screen.
Note:

If no data is detected or available for a particular page, the prompt


for that page is not available on the screen.

When a bite page is active, follow the directions on the screen to get access to
the reports for that particular page.

EICAS BITE SELECTION


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EICAS - BITE TEST OPERATION


Bite Page Formats
When the self-test is complete, do these steps to get access to the bite pages:
Push AUTO two times to go to the FAULT HISTORY page
Push MAN two times to go to the PRESENT STATUS page
Each page shows these two fault types:
Interface faults (six types)
Internal faults
Operation
A SELECTED prompt shows adjacent to one of the six interface fault types.
Examine the types during troubleshooting to help find a fault in the system. Use
these maintenance panel switches to get access to the data:
Push the AUTO switch to move the SELECTED prompt through the fault
types
Push the MAN switch to show the FAULT REPORT for the selected type
Push the REC switch to put the display back to the BITE page that supplied
the report
Fault Troubleshooting With the Present Status Page
The graphic shows left computer selected on the display select panel and how
to go to the PRESENT STATUS page and one of its logged failures. The
ARINC 429 RECEIVER is the selected report. All supplemental data for the
fault shows in the report. In this example, the left AVM input to the left EICAS
computer has a failure.

EICAS - BITE TEST OPERATION


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EICAS - OPC SOFTWARE CROSSLOAD


Arm the System
Overview
Replacing an EICAS computer generates the status message EICAS
SOFTWARE. This happens because the new computer received from spares
usually has a different or no OPC installed in the unit. When you see this
message, you check the CONF/MCDP page for specific information.
This procedure outlines the steps required if the message EICAS SOFTWARE
shows and the CONF/MCDP page 1 shows LEFT/RIGHT SW below the EICAS
part numbers. This means the operational program configuration (OPC)
software part numbers are different for each computer. Normally, the software
installation is performed by a floppy disk load procedure using these sources:
A portable data loader (PDL) connected to the front of the EICAS computer
in the MEC.
An onborne data loader with data plug located on the P61 right side panel
in the flight deck.
Operational program software (OPS) has a procedure called EICAS
COMPUTER CROSSLOAD for quick installation of the OPC into a newly
installed computer. This is done from page 3 to the CONF/MCDP maintenance
page.
CONF/MCDP Page 3 Selection
To access to the CONF/MCDP page 3, these conditions are required:
The airplane is on the ground
The parking brake is set
Both engines are off
Push the CONF/MCDP switch three times to show page 3. If any of the above
conditions are not met the display returns to the secondary engine page instead
of CONF/MCDP page 3.

To arm the crossload function, push these switches simultaneously for three
seconds:
ECS/MSG
ELEC/HYD
PERF/APU
The display changes to the MAIN MENU SELECTION display.
The Boxed status line shows CROSS LOAD ARMED.
The boxed STATUS line in the lower center of the page shows the message
CROSS LOAD ARMED. Push MAN EVENT READ to change between the left
and right computers transmit or receive actions. In the example, the left
computer is selected to transmit the data to the right computer.
Note:

This display always defaults to show the direction of the crossload


from left to right. MAKE SURE THAT YOU VERIFY WHICH
COMPUTER HAS THE CORRECT OPC AND SELECT THE
PROPER DIRECTION OF CROSSLOAD, as required. Failure to
do so could crossload the incorrect OPC into the offside (good)
computer.

Begin the Crossload


Push the maintenance panel REC switch. The boxed status line shows
CROSSLOAD IN PROGRESS and the OPC for the receiving computer blanks.
The data transfers on the high speed cross talk bus to the offside computer in
less than ten seconds.
To disarm the procedure, push the maintenance panel ERASE switch. The
display will return to the basic OPC crossload page.
For crossload failures or other abnormal operation, refer to the correct
maintenance manual procedure in section FIM 31-41.

EICAS - OPC SOFTWARE CROSSLOAD


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STANDBY ENGINE INDICATOR (SEI)


General
During normal conditions, the EICAS computer program software provides
primary engine parameters in these modes:
Status mode
All maintenance modes
The system also provides primary engine parameters during these failure
conditions:
Single unit computer failure
Single display unit failure
Display select panel failure
Multiple Component Failure
EICAS can not provide primary engine parameters during either of these failure
conditions:
Both EICAS computers fail
Both display units fail
The standby engine indicator (SEI) operates and shows the primary engine
parameters when either of these failure conditions exist. The SEI is powered by
the D.C. battery bus.
The SEI will be discussed in the engine indication chapter.

STANDBY ENGINE INDICATOR (SEI)


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FLIGHT DATA RECORDER SYSTEM


General
The flight data recorder system has these components:

Flight Recorder Accelerometer


Digital Flight Data Acquisition Unit (DFDAU)
Flight Recorder Control Panel
Flight Data Recorder (FDR)
Test connector

Flight Data Recording Function


Input signals to the flight data recorder system include mandatory and optional
parameters. Regulatory agencies set the mandatory parameters. Airlines
select the optional parameters.
Data Collection and Storage
The DFDAU receives digitaL, synchro, and discrete inputs from airplane
systems and line replaceable units (LRUs). The flight recorder accelerometer
also sends analog signals to the DFDAU. The DFDAU uses these inputs and
sets their formats into digital data and sends it to the FDR.
Fault Annunciation
The DFDAU and FDR send fault status to the flight recorder control panel and to
EICAS. EICAS makes engine indication and crew alerting messages for some
faults.
Fault indicators on the front panels of the system components show fault
conditions.
Data Output
You can monitor low-speed, real-time data at the test connector. You do a highspeed data download through the high-speed data connector on the DFDR.

FLIGHT DATA RECORDER SYSTEM


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FLIGHT RECORDING SYSTEM COMPONENTS


Component Location
The Flight Recorder Accelerometer is in the left main wheel well.
The Flight Data Recorder is on the E7 rack in Bulk Cargo Compartment.
Flight Deck Components
These are the flight recorder system components in the flight deck:
P61 panel - Flight recorder/service interphone control panel
Flight recorder system test plug - P61
General MEC Locations
These flight recorder system components are in the main equipment center
(MEC):
Digital Flight Data Acquisition Unit (DFDAU) - E2-3 shelf
DFDAU coding and aircraft identification shorting receptacle - E2-3 shelf
Flight recorder-EICAS switching relay - E8 card file on the switching
module for the lower EICAS display unit
Flight recorder control relay-left - P36 panel
DFDAU bite relay
P37 has these components:

Flight recorder control relay-right


System 2 air/ground relays
Flight recorder system EFIS input switching relay
Flight recorder system air/ground discrete relay

FLIGHT RECORDING SYSTEM COMPONENTS


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FLIGHT DATA RECORDER CONTROL PANEL


Purpose
The flight data recorder control panel lets the crew set the flight recorder system
to on or off, do tests, and monitor the system.
Flight Recorder Power Control Switch
In the NORM position, power goes to the flight recorder when the airplane is in
the air or one of the engines is on.
In the ON position (latched), power goes to the flight recorder to operate it.
In the TEST position (momentary), power goes to the flight recorder during the
test.
Flight Recorder OFF Light
This light comes on white to show there is no power to the recorder, or there is a
fault in the flight recorder system.
Purpose of Test
The flight data recorder test is a preflight check of system performance or a
post-maintenance check.
Test Initiation
To start the test, move the power switch to TEST (momentary position). In this
position, the switch sends 115v ac to the FDR. The flight recorder operates as
long as the switch is held in TEST. Power to the DFDAU is directly from the
circuit breaker.
Test Results
If no fault is detected, the flight recorder OFF light turns off while the switch is in
TEST. This shows that the flight recorder and DFDAU function properly.
If a fault is detected, the OFF light stays on and you must do a check of
individual system components and their indicators to locate the fault.

These are the indications of a recorder failure:


Flight recorder OFF light is on
FLT DATA REC message on EICAS STATUS and ECS/MSG pages, (only
with both engines on)
DFDAU FAIL light on front of DFDAU is on
Note:

If there are both FDR and DFDAU failures, the FLT DATA ACQ
message inhibits the FLT DATA REC message.

If the DFDAU FAIL light is on, fault codes may be available from the DFDAU
memory. You access and read the codes on the face of the DFDAU.

FLIGHT DATA RECORDER CONTROL PANEL


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FLIGHT DATA RECORDER


Maintenance Requirements
Performance Characteristics
The capacity is 25 hours of recorded data.
The download time is less than ten minutes for the 256 words per second
model.

There is no scheduled maintenance for the solid state flight data recorder
(SSFDR).
Underwater Locator Beacon

Case Features

An underwater locator beacon is on the front of the unit. This beacon transmits
an ultrasonic acoustic output after immersion in water.

The FDR has these three shop replaceable units:

Low-speed Playback - Operation

Memory unit
Power supply
Interface and control assembly
The memory stores the last 25 hours of flight data at an input rate of 256 words
per second. An underwater locator beacon (ULB) is on the front of the unit.
Front Panel Features
Use the RS232 connector on the face of the unit for high-speed data retrieval.
Operation
There are no controls or switches on the FDR. Operation is automatic from
power-up.
The recorder receives digital ARINC 573/717 Harvard bi-phase data from the
DFDAU and records the data on flash memory modules.
BITE
The FDR contains internal continuous self-test circuitry. After you supply power
to the unit, the OFF light on the flight recorder control panel goes off in five
seconds. For 60 seconds the circuitry does checks of the FDR and the input
data from the DFDAU. If the OFF light comes on during this time, it shows a
fault.

Real time data received by the flight recorder is available for low-speed
playback with ground support equipment connected to the test connector on
P61. Use the low-speed playback to do a check of system operation.
High-Speed Data Retrieval - Operation
High-speed data retrieval of recorded data is onboard or in the shop. To get the
data, connect the equipment to the copy recorder connector. Use a portable
copy recorder for onboard retrieval. Use a ground playback station for in-shop
data retrieval.

FLIGHT DATA RECORDER


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WARNING ELECTRONICS SYSTEM - INTRODUCTION


Purpose
The Warning System provides the flight crew with visual and aural indications of
abnormal airplane systems conditions or that the airplane is out-of-configuration
for specific operating modes such as Landing and Take-Off.
System Description
Input signals are supplied from airplane sensors, mechanical and avionic
systems and the pilots. Signal processing is performed in the Warning
Electronics Unit (WEU) where 11 modules are utilized. Output functions are
aural tones and voice messages from dedicated aural warning speakers in the
flight compartment plus visual displays on flight compartment instrument panels.
Alert Message Level Aurals
Level A: Warnings - Their associated aural sounds are the Fire Bell and a
Two-Tone Siren.
Level B: Cautions - Their associated aural sound is a beep-beep-beepbeep sometimes referred to as a level B Caution Aural or as an Owl
Sound.
Level C: Advisories - No aural sounds are associated with these
advisories.
Outputs To Associated Systems
The outputs to the Stick Shaker and Stick Nudger are covered in the Flight
Controls chapter. The Stall Warning Computers also send data out to the
Ground Proximity Warning Computer (GPWC) for Windshear Detection and
Indication.

WARNING ELECTRONICS SYSTEM - INTRODUCTION


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WARNING ELECTRONICS UNIT (WEU)


General
Provides logic circuitry to generate warning signals for Stall Warning,
Configuration Warning (Take-Off & Landing), Altitude Alert, Master Warning and
Caution Lights and associated warning sounds. The WEU requires
supplemental cooling accomplished by blowing air through the unit in
accordance with ARINC 600.
Fault Monitoring
Two fault ball annunciators located on the front panel are provided to monitor
operation of each power supply. They are color coded black for operational and
yellow for fault conditions. A reset switch is provided for returning tripped fault
annunciators to the operational mode. Fault codes displays are for Stall
Warning System faults.
There is continuous monitoring during operation of the power supply modules A
and B. A power supply module fault or a Stall Warning fault will cause EICAS to
display the WARN ELEX (S,M) message.
Configuration Warning Modules and Stall Warning Modules tests are initiated
from the Test Panel module on the P61 panel using the appropriate test
switches. All other modules are tested by using on-board system interfaces.
These tests verify performance and proper line replaceable unit installation.
WEU Modules/Systems
Power supply modules - two redundant power supplies require 115 vac, 400 hz,
single-phase power to develop internal DC power +12 volts and +5 volts for all
modules. Power supply fault indicators are located on the front door.
Stall Warning Modules - Two Stall Warning Modules are provided with the left
module providing the captain's warning signals and the right module providing
the first officer's. These modules are each micro-processor controlled.
Configuration Warning Modules - two Configuration Warning Modules are
provided. One provides Take-Off Warning signals and the other provides
Landing Warning Signals.

Altitude Alert Module - one Altitude Alert Module, provides altitude capture
advisory information and departure cautions.
Master Warning Module - one Master Warning Module controls Master Warning
Lights.
Aural Warning Modules - three Aural Warning Modules are provided which are
logic circuit controlled. They contain four tone generators: bell, two-tone siren,
caution aural and a single stroke chime. One module contains the fire bell and
chime generator as well as a warning inhibit during take-off. The other two
modules contain the siren, caution aural generators, preamp gain control circuit
and a preamplifier.
Signal Consolidation Card (SCC) - converts analog signals to digital signals for
use by the EICAS computers. The majority of the signals handled by the SCC
come from the Fuel Quantity Processor Unit prior to inputting to EICAS.

WARNING ELECTRONICS UNIT (WEU)


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TAKEOFF CONFIGURATION WARNING


Test Function
General
The Takeoff Configuration Warning Module provides aural and visual warnings
for improper airplane configuration during takeoff. Seven areas are monitored
for Takeoff Configuration Warning. These include flaps, slats, horizontal
stabilizer, speedbrakes, parking brake, air/ground logic, and EICAS takeoff
logic.
Warning Indications
Improper aircraft configuration detected when the throttles are advanced is
announced by:
Illumination of the red, CONFIG light on the P1-3 panel
Illumination of the red, MASTER WARNING lights on the P7 glareshield
panel
Actuation of the Aural Warning Sirens
Annunciation of the appropriate red warning message on the upper EICAS
display unit: FLAPS, STABILIZER, PARK BRAKE or SPOILER
Conditions Monitored
The Takeoff Configuration Warning System monitors the leading edge slats, the
trailing edge flaps, the horizontal stabilizer position, the speedbrake handle
position, the parking brake position and the air/ground mode of the airplane.
The system is activated by sensing advanced throttle position (N1 greater than
66 %), or by actuation of the test switch.
On B767-300 airplanes, the flap positions for takeoff are 5, 15, 20.
Signal Processing
The input signals are processed by the Takeoff Configuration Warning
Electronic Unit (P51).

A Takeoff Configuration Warning test is initiated by the CONFIG T/O - LDG test
switch. Setting the test switch to T/O simulates the engines at takeoff condition
and arms takeoff warning logic. One or all error conditions are set to generate
the test. The WEU illuminates the CONFIG light and the siren.

TAKEOFF CONFIGURATION WARNING


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PUSHBUTTON TAKEOFF CONFIGURATION CHECK SWITCH


Takeoff Configuration Check Switch
The Pushbutton Takeoff Configuration Check Switch is on the Pilots P1-3
instrument panel above the marker beacon lights. This manual switch shall be
provided to check for proper takeoff configuration prior to start of takeoff with a
visual warning of improper configuration.

PUSHBUTTON TAKEOFF CONFIGURATION CHECK SWITCH


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LANDING CONFIGURATION WARNING SYSTEM


General
The Landing Configuration Warning System monitors the configuration of the
airplane whenever certain landing systems are activated. Improper
configuration of the airplane for landing is indicated by the master warning light,
siren aural warning, a level A warning and GEAR NOT DOWN message.
Improper use of speedbrakes below 800' radio altitude is indicated by a level B
caution and SPEED BRAKE EXT message. Pressing the master caution light
will reset only the caution light and owl aural caution. The SPEEDBRAKES
amber light and the EICAS message SPEEDBRAKE EXT will remain
illuminated until the improper configuration is corrected by retracting the
speedbrakes, climbing to 800 feet, or retracting the flaps.
Conditions Monitored

Landing Gear Position from the PSEU


Slat Position from the PSEU
Flap Position from the center FSPM module in the P50
Altitude from the left radio altitude transceiver in the E5
Thrust Lever Position from the autothrottle switch pack
Speedbrake Position from a spoiler control module (2l) LVDT input

Signal Processing
The input signals are processed by the landing configuration warning module
located in the warning electronic unit (P51). The module may be tested by use
of the test switch on the P61 on the flight deck.
Operation
Enable criteria:
landing gear not down and locked, as sensed by the PSEU, provides an
enable for the microprocessor to process warning signals
flaps in landing range (25o or 30o)
left, right, or both thrust levers set to idle position
altitude data as well as failure from radio altimeter system
a clean-wing or not clean-wing configuration

Activation criteria:
The microprocessor controls outputs to actuate the warnings, as a result of the
following situation:
Situation 1 - radio altitude <800 feet, either throttle at idle and any landing
gear not down and locked
Situation 2 - flaps in landing range (equal to or greater than 25o) and any
landing gear not down and locked
Situation 3 - left radio altitude system failure, either throttle at idle, clean
wing/not clean wing configuration and any landing gear not down and
locked (the system defaults to altitude <800 feet)
Indications for the above situations are the siren, master warning lights,
CONFIG warning light, and level A EICAS message GEAR NOT DOWN. If the
wing is clean in situation 3, only the CONFIG light and EICAS GEAR NOT
DOWN message will annunciate.
Only correction of the configuration problem can remove the message and
extinguish the configuration light.
Test Function
The test can be initiated in flight or on the ground from the LDG CONFIG test
switch on the P61 test panel. Test results are:

Master warning lights illuminate


SPEED BRAKES discrete caution light illuminates
CONFIG discrete warning light illuminates
Siren sounds
EICAS displays GEAR NOT DOWN

LANDING CONFIGURATION WARNING SYSTEM


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AIRCRAFT CONDITION MONITORING SYSTEM (ACMS)


GENERAL
General
Honeywell Digital Flight Data Acquisition Unit (DFDAU) consists of a Flight Data
Recording System (FDRS) mandatory section and an Airplane Condition
Monitoring System (ACMS) section.
Boeing Commercial Aviation Services (CAS) provides Airplane Health
Management (AHM). Included in this service is custom alerting for:

Operational Exceedances
System Monitoring
Fault Discretes
Servicing
ACARS Management

AHM can also provide ACARS Management for ACMS Report Configuration,
Input Monitoring, and Snapshots.
Virtual Central Maintenance Computing correlating EICAS data is also
available.

AIRCRAFT CONDITION MONITORING SYSTEM (ACMS) GENERAL


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AIRCRAFT CONDITION MONITORING SYSTEM (ACMS)


COMPONENT LOCATION
General Location
Either Mult-purpose Control Display Unit (MCDU) or the Mult-purpose
Interactive Display Unit (MIDU) located on the P9 and P8 panels is used to
access aircraft information. The printer located on the P8 panel can be used to
print reports.
The Honeywell Digital Flight Data Acquisition Unit (DFDAU) is located on the E
2-3 shelf of the Main Equipment Center (MEC). The ACARS Management Unit
is on the E 2-5 shelf.

ACMS COMPONENT LOCATION


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DIGITAL DATA INPUTS


General
The Honeywell Digital Flight Data Acquisition Unit (DFDAU) consists of a Flight
Data Recording System (FDRS) mandatory section and an Airplane Condition
Monitoring System (ACMS) section.
Interface with ACMS is through either Mult-purpose Control Display Unit
(MCDU) or the Mult-purpose Interactive Display Unit (MIDU).
Information can be downloaded from the aircraft to ground locations though
ACARS or printed on the aircraft.
The DFDAU can have software loaded from the plug and Data Loader location
on the P 61 panel in the flight deck.

DIGITAL DATA INPUTS


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MCDU FUNCTIONS / DISPLAY SUMMARY


General
When selecting Aircraft Condition Monitoring System (ACMS) using the Multipurpose Control And Display Unit (MCDU) or Multi-purpose Interactive Display
Unit (MIDU), the system user can control and display ACMS functions.
Display And Control Functions
All headers and advisory messages are in small font.
Titles, commands and data fields are in small font.
The data display and/or data entry section of the MCDU screen is
separated by equal(=) signs from the command section.
Depression of the RETURN key will result in displaying the previously
selected menu.
Depression of the MAIN MENU switch will result in termination of whatever
ACMS display was in progress and returns to the MCDU main menu.
Depression of the NEXT PAGE or PREV PAGE switches will display the
next or previous page or record in a multi-page display.
Where line select key R6 indicates START PRINT, activation of this key will
start a dynamic printout of the displayed parameters. During printing R6
will change to STOP PRINT. If selected again, printing will terminate and
the indication will revert back to START PRINT.
On displays where R6 line select key indicates PRINT, activation of this
key will result in the printout of the screen contents.
ACMS Main Menu
To access the ACMS main menu on the MCDU:
First, push the MENU key.
Then, push the line select next to ACMS.

From the ACMS main menu these sub-menus can be selected:

REPORTS
INSTANT REPORTS
DATA DISPLAY
DOCUMENTARY DATA
REPROGRAM
EEC FAULT CODE

MCDU FUNCTIONS / DISPLAY SUMMARY


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MIDU
General
The Multipurpose Interactive Display Unit (MIDU) provides the means for
inserting documentary data into and retrieving data from the DFDAU.
The DFDAU interfaces with ACARS Multipurpose Interactive Display Unit
(MIDU), which is also used as an ACARS Control Panel.
The MIDU provides the means for inserting documentary data into the DFDAU
and the controls to call up and display Flight Data Recorder System parameters.

MIDU
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