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1750–1914 STUDY GUIDE

Periodization
Enlightenment and Scientific Revolution
• Main thinkers’ and their ideas (Locke, Rousseau, Hobbes, Montesequieu,
Voltaire, Wollstonecraft, Beccaria)
• Emphasis on reason, skepticism, questioning
• Natural rights
• Natural laws
• How the Renaissance influenced the Scientific Revolution influenced the
Enlightenment
Industrial Revolution
• Why Europe? Why Britain?
• Impact on industrialized countries on non-industrialized regions
• Industrialization spreadsJapan, Germany,
• How it changed patterns of world trade and communication
• Economic responses to IR (Marxism, trade union, laissez-faire capitalism,
Luddites)
• Social effects of IR
Demographic changes
• End of the Atlantic slave trade
• Migration patterns: movement to new colonies
• Changes in population due to Agricultural Revolution, new medicine,
industrialization
Labor Systems
• Emancipation of slaves and serfs
• New forms of labor systems (especially in new colonies)
Gender Roles
• Impact of the IR on gender roles (conflict for working class women
between their worklife and homelife)
• Comparison of gender roles in different regions (revisit Experiencing World
History notes)
Political revolutions and independence movements
• Impact of Enlightenment thought on Atlantic revolutions
• Causes of independence movements in the United States and Latin
America
• Causes, process, and effects of French Revolution
• Relationship between the French Revolution and Haitian Revolution
• Global responses to the Haitian Revolution
Echoes of Revolution
• Nationalism
• Feminism
• Abolitionism
Rise of nationalism and nation-states
• NapoleonCongress of ViennaNationalism
Rise of Western dominance
• What caused the “rise of the West”?
Imperialism
• Economic, military, political, social, and cultural motives for imperialism
• Social Darwinism
• White Man’s Burden
• Berlin Conference and “Scramble for Africa”
• Racism
• Patterns of colonization: colony, protectorate, sphere of influence (China)
• Nationalism (China, Japan, Italy, Britain, Pan Africanism, India)
• Native response to Western imperialism
o Rebellions, resistance movements [i.e. Ethiopia (Menelik II), Burma
(Mongkut), Ashanti (Ghana), Maji Maji Rebellion
(Tanganyika/Tanzania), Mau Mau uprising (Kenya)]