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Rusche and Kirchheimer (1939) took a broader historical focus to examine

imprisonment rates and the fluctuations of capitalism and observed that the
former rates have tended to vary in accordance with our position in the
business cycle. This adds some support to the surplus labour hypothesis
which proposes that prisons are simply conduits for those usually men
who are surplus to the requirements of the economy during any given period
in time. Marxist penology (Adamson, 1984) shows little interest in abolishing
crime but does seek to abolish prisons while the rehabilitation of prisoners is
rejected as a strategy because it would only serve bourgeois interests (Scull,
1977).

Rusche si Kirchheimer au abordat o perspectiva istorica mai larga cand au examine ratele
condamnarilor cu inchisoare si fluctuatiile capitalismnului si au observat ca aceste rate
tind sa variaza in concordanta cu pozitia noastra din ciclul financiar. Aceasta oarecare
sustinere ipotezei fortei d emunca in surplus care propune ideea ca inchisorile sunt simple
stocatoare ale celor, de obicei barbati, care reprezinta un surplus pentru necesitatile
economiei intr-o perioada data de timp. Penologia marxista arata putin interes in abolirea
crimei dar cauta sa desfiinteze inchisorile in timp ce reabilitarea detinutilor este respinsa
ca strategie, deoarece ar servi numai intereselor burghezilor. (Scull,1977).