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Assignment 5.

1: Notebook for Young Adults Brian Mann

Physical changes typically occurring during early adulthood

o Cardiovascular/respiratory systems
Declines in body functioning begins
MVC declines 10% per decade
o Motor performance
Peaks at 20-35
o Immune system
T cells
B cells
o Reproductive capacity
Fertility problems in women increase from age 15 to 50
Reduced number and quality of ova
Male fertility decreases after age 35
Common health risks
o Obesity/other eating disorders
o Substance abuse
o Sexual health issues
o Hazardous behaviour (driving etc.)
Lifestyle choices in early adulthood that affect health and well-being later in
o Healthy eating behaviour
o Maintaining a reasonable body weight
o Keeping physically fit
o Controlling Alcohol, avoiding cigarettes
o Engaging in responsible sexual behaviour
o Managing stress
How psychological stress affects physical health and development
o Increase of stress hormone compromises immune response
o Promotes cellular deterioration, aging
Strategies to avoid high risk behaviors such as unprotected sexual activity and
substance misuse
o Dissemination of information
o Establishing a positive view of future
o Establishing and maintaining satisfying social ties
Cognitive changes that affect relationships during this time
o Perry
Epistemic cognition; how we arrive at facts, beliefs, ideas
Dualistic thinking
Dividing information into right/wrong, good/bad
Relativistic thinking
Knowledge embedded in a framework of thought

Diverse opinions reveal possibility of multiple truths

Commitment within relativistic thinking
Sophisticated approach actively seeking out differing
o Labouvie-Vief
Pragmatic thought
Logic becomes tool for solving problems in real world
Cognitive-affective complexity
Awareness of positive and negative feelings
Coordination of them into complex organized structure
Vital aspect of emotional intelligence
Strategies that help with transitions from high school to college and from
college to work
o Prepare with necessary visions and skills
o Support during transition from peers, parents, teachers, mentors
Information about career development that helps during this time of life
o Understanding progression of vocational development
Fantasy period
Tentative period
Realistic period
o Influences over vocational choice
Educational opportunities
Family encouragement
Gender stereotypes
What is emerging adulthood?
o Transitional period between late teens to mid-twenties
o Follows adolescence, but precedes adult responsibilities
o Time for exploring breadth and depth of commitments
o Varies with culture
Tips for a resilient life style.
o Effective planning and decision making
o Information-gathering cognitive style
o Good school performance
o Knowledge of vocational options and skills
o Positive self-esteem
o Good emotional self-regulation / coping strategies
o Good conflict-resolution skills
o Self-agency
o Persistence and good use of time
o Healthy identity development
o Strong moral character
o Sense of meaning and purpose in life
o Desire to contribute to community

o Positive relationships with parents, peers, teachers and mentors

o Sense of connection to social institutions