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CNS 770

Assignment 2.2: Personality Assessment
Brian Mann

Describe your Myers-Briggs personality type. Do the four domains fit you well? Why
does/doesnt your MB personality type fit you?
My Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) personality type is INFP. Based on the MBTI
Interpretive Report, I prefer to orient my attention internally to the world of ideas and
impressions over the outer world of people and things. I also tend to use my imagination for
insights and tend to focus on the future, rather than rely on my physical senses and focus in the
present. I prefer to make decisions based on my values and concerns for people, rather than
basing decisions on logic and objectivity. I prefer to view life as spontaneous and flexible, rather
than planning to maintain order.
Overall, these tendencies seem very consistent with the way I view myself, in the ways I
think, behave and feel. In his book, Please Understand Me, David Kiersey describes INFPs as
often having the capacity to care deeply to the point of being idealistic. To understand INFPs,
he says, Their cause must be understood, for they are willing to make unusual sacrifices for
someone or something believed in (Kiersey p. 176). This is an aspect of INFPs that I can really
relate to. I consider myself at times to behave in an all or nothing way. When I believe in
something, I become very motivated and usually surprise the people around me with my efforts
and results. On the other hand, if something is imposed on me that conflicts with my values, I
shut down very quickly. It is evident that I am an INFP when I consider the list of strengths that
is associated with it. Times when I operate in the core areas associated with INFPs are the
times when I can find my moments of FLOW, when I am energetic and when I am confident.
Some examples of this include when my core values guide my interactions and decisions; when
I feel a sense of purpose in my work beyond the paycheck; when I am behaving with sensitivity,

care, concern and loyalty; when I am able to reflect on possibilities; and when Im able to
explore my curiosity and creativity.
In addition, I would describe myself as being reserved, and selective about sharing most deeply
held values/feelings, although I share freely with the right people.
Each of the four domains fit my personality well. The I, which stands for Introversion
suits me well. I get energized when I am able to dwell in my internal world. I like people and
interact effectively with them; however, too much interaction tends to drain me. The N refers to
intuition. I use my imagination to drive my intuition for insights and possibilities, rather than
relying heavily on my physical senses alone. F is for Feeling. My sense of values gives me
feelings on which I base many decisions. I am logical in problem solving, but in many cases
even after a logical conclusion has been arrived at, my decision is weighted heavily by how it
will impact people, or how it aligns with my values. Finally, P is for Perceiving. I am very open
to new ideas and experiences, and prefer not to be confined by rules or limits. I want to be
spontaneous in my life and want to experience all that I can. I rarely plan.
At certain times, some aspects of INFP dont get reflected in my behavior. This happens
most often in situations where my values are unclear. At work for example, there are many times
Im conflicted with competing priorities such as my responsibility for growing profits, handling
personnel issues, and being a good steward of the environment. Finding the right balance is
sometimes difficult for me. My nature is to contemplate these items, but my job demands action.
Describe your Enneagram personality type. Does it fit you well? Why does/doesnt it?
My Enneagram personality test results indicate that I am Type Nine, also known as The
Peacemaker. According to Enneagram Explorations, Type Nines want to be agreeable,
peaceful, natural and comfortable. Among priorities Nines want to be calm and, if at all possible,
to avoid conflict. Type Nines generally have an innate ability to make people feel comfortable

and at ease; are very accepting and readily empathize with others; are focused on the wellbeing of others; and at times, may lose sight of their own agenda. Nines dont want to be drawn
into conflict and avoid being pressured to react. Self-forgetting by nature, Nines repress anger
and neglect personal needs in order to avoid the discomfort that comes with conflict. Because
Nines may lose themselves in lifes simple pleasures, the needs of others, or the basic task of
living, they may never go after what they truly want.
Often the strong silent type, Nines have the power of patience, persistence and
resistance. Nines tend to procrastinate and take longer than others to make up their mind.
When they do make a decision, they are like an unstoppable elephant pursuing its goals. Not
ones to self-promote, others may underestimate Nines due to their casual and nonchalant
attitude. Nines prefer not to flaunt talents or appear egotistical (Fauvre & Fauvre).
The Enneagram Institute lists the following attributes of Nines: patient, steady, easy
going, receptive, relaxed, unselfconscious, agreeable, uncomplicated, contented, comforting,
sensual and idealizing (Fauvre & Fauvre).
Everything mentioned above, is consistent with the way I view myself. So, in that sense
I feel it fits me well. These traits are the ones that I am proud of. However, there is another side
to the Nine which also fits me well, only this side is less flattering. Nines dont show their upsets
very much and often escape by eating, drinking their way into a more comforting world. Also,
despite the appearance of being easy-going, they often absorb a lot of tension and neglect.
Without a constructive outlet for this energy a well of anger resides within them which
sometimes emerges in the form of resentfulness (Fauvre & Fauvre).

Describe the five domains of your personality from the NEO. Do you think these
characterize your personality accurately? Why do/dont they? Also include a discussion

of the positive and negative adjectives within the six facets of each of the five
personality domains that you scored very high or very low on.
According to the NEO-PI-3 Basic Report, I scored low overall in the neuroticism (N)
domain. This suggests that I am emotionally stable, usually calm, even-tempered, relaxed and
able to face stressful situations without becoming upset or rattled. I also scored low in the
extraversion (E) domain. This suggests that Im reserved, independent and even-paced. It also
suggests that I prefer to be alone, and am not unhappy or pessimistic. I scored high in the
openness to experience (O) domain. This suggests that I have an active imagination, an
aesthetic sensitivity, an attentiveness to inner feelings, a preference for variety, an intellectual
curiosity and independence of judgment. I may also be inclined to entertain novel ideas,
unconventional values and to question authority. I scored high overall in the agreeableness (A)
domain. This suggests that I tend to be overall altruistic and that I tend to be sympathetic to
others and eager to help them while believing that others will be equally helpful in return. I
scored low overall in the conscientiousness (C) domain. This suggests that I tend to be less
exacting in applying moral principles and more lackadaisical in working towards goals.
These descriptions reflect closely to how I view my personality. I am usually very
reserved and I am independent. As for being even-paced, I am usually this way, but I definitely
have times when Im motivated to do something that I become almost compulsive about it. I
prefer to be alone when I need some down time, but I enjoy social interaction on my terms. I am
not unhappy, but I have a keen sense for seeing what can go wrong. Although this isnt
pessimism, I tend to be able to visualize bad outcomes better than I can positive outcomes. I
have an active imagination which is one of the major sources of my entertainment. I have an
appreciation for aesthetics. I prefer the stimulation from variety over the comfort of the familiar,
especially when it challenges me to consider new perspectives. I tend to be altruistic although I
see this as serving my own needs. And finally, I make decisions and take actions based on a

sense of feel, which sometimes appears lackadaisical in progressing towards goals. I am easily
distracted, but always considerate of my moral motivations.
Within each of the domains, I scored very high or very low in several facets. I will limit
my discussion to those in which I scored either less than 25% or greater than 75%. Within the
neuroticism domain, I scored very low in the Angry Hostility (N2) facet. This suggests that Im
easy-going and slow to anger. This is probably the way most people would describe me to be. I
also scored very low in the Depression (N3) facet. This would suggest that I rarely feel sadness,
guilt, hopelessness and loneliness. I think my score in this facet only somewhat reflects my
personality. I sometimes get discouraged easily and definitely am sensitive to feelings of
sadness. However, as this score implies I do not dwell in the extremes of being cheerful or
In the domain of Extraversion, I scored low in the Activity (E4) facet. This suggests that I
am more leisurely and relaxed in tempo rather than being energetic with a need to keep busy. I
agree with this, however at times I can become impatient and need to quell that in order to avoid
conflict with people.
In the domain of Openness To Experience, I scored high on all facets. The facet Fantasy
(O1) suggests that I have a vivid imagination and daydream not only as an escape, but as a
way of creating an interesting inner world for myself. This is absolutely true for me. The facet
Aesthetics (O2) suggests that I have a deep appreciation for art and beauty and am moved by
poetry, absorbed in music an intrigued by art. Again, this is very true for me. The facet Feelings
(O3) suggests that Im receptive to my own inner feelings and emotions and the evaluation of
emotion as an important part of my life. It also suggests that I experience deeper and more
differentiated emotional states and feel both happiness and unhappiness more keenly than
others do. I feel this accurately describes how I perceive things to be, although its difficult to be

certain of how keenly others feel their emotions. The facet Ideas (O5) suggests that I actively
pursue intellectual interests of their own sake, and that I am open-minded and a willing to
consider new, perhaps unconventional ideas. This assessment is true. Interestingly, it is noted
that this tendency does not imply high intelligence, though it contributes to the development of
intellectual development. I sometimes find myself with an awareness that my intelligence is not
higher than average, but my interests drive me to acquire more knowledge than the average
person. The facet Values (O6) suggests that I have a tendency to reexamine social, political and
religious values. This is accurate. I tend to reject religious doctrine, and often find myself lost in
thought about how social policies need to be changed, and how to solve structurally systemic
In the domain of Agreeableness I scored high on three facets. Trust (A1) suggests that I
am disposed to believing that others are honest and well-intentioned. This is true. I believe that
people are generally honest and well-intentioned, however people need to be viewed in the
context within which they live. The life situation a person finds himself in my precipitate
behaviors that are contrary to his basic nature. The facet Compliance (A4) suggests that I tend
to defer to others, inhibit my aggression and forgive and forget as my typical reaction to
interpersonal conflict. This is true. However it also suggests that I am meek and mild. This is
only true in situations where conflict exists and I am involved in its resolution. Another facet to
Agreeableness is Tender-Mindedness (A6). This suggests that I tend to be moved by others
needs and emphasize the human side of social policies. This is absolutely correct.
In the domain of Conscientiousness, I scored low on one facet, Order (C2). This
suggests that I have a tendency to be unable to get organized and am somewhat unmethodical.
This is true, however I dislike being disorganized and would prefer to be otherwise.

Describe personality traits/types of yours that are similar to the described diagnostic
criteria for the DSM-5 personality disorders (see DSM-5 text, pp. 645-682).
There are five traits that I found which apply to me. The first trait is: Shows perfectionism
that interferes with task completion. I am a procrastinator. I relate my procrastination to my
perfectionism. I have a tendency to delay tasks until I am confident they will be completed well. I
sometimes wait for creative inspiration, sometimes wait until all my resources are lined up, but
in the end I tend to complete fewer tasks that most people. I want for every project that I am
involved in be a work of art that I can be proud of. This may relate to my high need for meaning.
The next trait is: Has difficulty expressing disagreement with others because of fear of
loss of support or approval. I tend to gather support and approval through my actions, and
unlike those who are effective with politics to gather support, my approach takes a longer time
to build support from someone, and as such support and approval is very valuable to me. By
expressing disagreement with others, I feel as though I have more at stake than other people,
because the loss of a supporter doesnt get replaced very easily. My tendency is to be less
confrontational in my disagreements, which sometimes is ineffective.
Impulsivity or failure to plan ahead is another trait that describes me well. I know that
planning avoids many costly errors, however I sometimes prefer to be thrown into the
excitement of dealing with things ad hoc. I can find myself suffering from the so called paralysis
by analysis when I over-plan, so in some situations I prefer to do the opposite.
Another trait that I have is, I almost always choose solitary activities. This is not because
I dont enjoy social interaction, but I find great pleasure in escaping to my internal world. I do this
when I go fishing, when I run, when I read, and even when I take my long commute into work
each morning. These are the times I revel in.

The last trait that I have is that I am (sometimes) reluctant to confide in others because
of unwarranted fear that information will be maliciously used against me. This trait of paranoia,
but I dont experience this all the time. This again relates to my tendency to avoid confrontation
and to be poor at politics. If for whatever reason an item that I confided to someone was used
maliciously against me, I would find myself in a position where I was ill equipped to resolve it. It
would force me to actively justify or defend myself to a broad public, and that is not something
that I am comfortable with, nor competent at doing. This doesnt mean that I dont confide in
others, but it does mean that I am more selective with whom I feel comfortable confiding in.
Provide a summary of your personality based on what youve written in the paper thus
far Then describe how your personality has impacted your relationships with family,
friends, and co-workers, positively and negatively. Be specific, provide examples. To
describe how your personality may affect you as a counselor, describe what it will be like
to counsel a client who is very similar to you in personality, and conversely, a client who
is opposite to you in personality. Are there certain types of clients or client issues that
you anticipate might be difficult for you to deal with as a counselor because of
transference and/or countertransference issues?
My personality can be summarized with several statements. I tend to be internally
oriented. I have a strong imagination which serves both as entertainment and as a means to
develop creative solutions in my life. I have a natural curiosity which leads me to seek out a
variety of interesting new things to learn about. I rejuvenate myself in solitary activities. I have a
strong need for meaning and a strong personal moral code. I prefer harmony over conflict and
often play the role of peace maker. I attempt to resolve conflicts by being flexible and even
submissive if necessary. This sometimes brings a hidden burden on to me that needs to be
managed through healthy outlets. I appear reserved, but there is passion flowing inside that
sometimes gets shown unexpectedly in the form of stubbornness, energetic bursts towards
accomplishing a meaningful project, or defending an important ethical position. I tend to value
emotions over physical things. I have a strong awareness of my own feelings and value the

feelings of others. I believe people are trustworthy and generally good, and have a passion to
help them. And, finally I can be considered an idealist.
These aspects of my personality impact my relationships is many ways. I dont have a
very active social life outside of work. During my 8 hours in the office, I am forced to be more
social than I would otherwise be. I have to engage in politics, I need to motivate others, I need
to remain a positive influence on all matters at hand within a company to whose mission I am
ambivalent. These demands force a compromise in me that saps my energy, and sometimes it
takes all that I have to put on a happy face and continue on. Outside of work, I need to restore
my energy. I accomplish this through my inner world. Sometimes in my preferred solitary
activities such as reading, meditation, fishing, running or any other activities that I can break
free from external demands. Sometimes it is with my short list of close personal friends that are
not direct family members. But generally I view my solitude or my time spent with close personal
friends and family to be rejuvenating, and time in public with strangers or loose acquaintances
as being draining. This leaves my best friends list pretty stable at less than 10.
I am viewed as reliable, stable, informed and supportive by just about everyone that I
interact with. These are aspects of my personality that I can control and this keeps my
interactions with people centered on the areas of my strength, comfort and interest.
I care deeply about people in general, but sometimes find it difficult to know when to
draw the line between situations that I can offer support and those which are simply beyond me.
This is especially true with acquaintances. As a perfectionist, I sometimes shy away from
situations that Im not confident that I will be able to navigate successfully.
My need for new areas of learning has been responsible for a career that has had many
roles. On average I change positions (within the same company) about every two years. My
pattern is that I enjoy the novelty of a new role. I learn all that I can, I make my contributions,

and then I get bored and am ready for a different experience. This has helped to build my value
as a person who has many different experiences, but at the same time, I dont know how many
new opportunities are left for me at this company.
As a counselor, my personality will have a strong bearing on how I relate to clients.
Overall, I have a natural sense of empathy which will serve my clients well. My strong selfawareness of my emotions will help me to be mindful of setting them aside in order to be
completely present with the client. My compassion for clients is genuine, and this will help
project authenticity. My interest in continued learning about new concepts, theories and
techniques will keep me on the forefront of interventions that may be applied to my clients.
When I consider how my personality may impact my ability to relate to clients with a
similar personality, there are several areas that could cause some difficulty. Clients that are
similar to me may seek knowledge and understanding about the issues that they face. They
may tend to ask more questions and disclose less about themselves, which slows the
development of a healthy therapeutic relationship. Also, clients similar to me may appear to be
compliant with suggestions or directions from the counselor whereas these clients may be
creating this illusion to avoid a confrontation.
On the other hand my personality will impact my relationships clients who have different
personalities than mine in other ways. Clients that are intense and assertive will cause me
difficulty due to my nature as peace maker. People who are averse to exploring new
experiences will frustrate me, especially when the appropriate intervention requires a
willingness to go out on a limb and try something new. People who have different values or lack
of values will be demanding on me. To remain objective and supportive of a client who is
violating an important value of mine will require determination and extra effort. Clients who are

deceitful to me will be a frustration to me, as will clients who are unmotivated, reluctant clients.
These are great examples of client experiences I will need to take into supervision.
Have a partner, close family member, or good friend read the 1 page personality
summary you wrote. Ask them to describe what they thought fit and didnt fit you
regarding your personality, and summarize this.
My wife read my personality summary, and provided feedback to me. She agreed with
most points, and identified a several points that she felt defined me. I am widely regarded in my
family as the peace keeper, so this was no surprise to her. My orientation to my inner world of
ideas and imagination is another point she related to. She is the exact opposite, so it is
sometimes hard for her to understand why I do what I do, but she acknowledges my needs. She
also acknowledged that I sometimes go to great lengths for something that I believe in. She has
witnessed this over and over. She laughed when she read about how I shut down stubbornly
when someone imposes a directive on me. She reeled off quite a few examples of this (more
than I was aware of). She disagreed about my method for making decisions initially, but then
saw my pattern. I always start my decision making with logic. I often go to a T chart of pros
and cons. Im drawn to one conclusion then I abruptly decide in the opposite direction for a
matter of one of my values. My decisions are heavily weighted on my values, beyond the pure
logic. This sometimes leaves her confused.
There were several items in my personality profile that she felt didnt fit me. The first was
my statement that I rarely plan. She was quick to point out that I usually plan, but Im quick to
change my plans on short notice. And, I agree with her on this. This must give me the
spontaneity that I desire. When she read that I tend to focus on the future, she contended that I
am very much living in the present. What she doesnt understand is that although I try to enjoy
the moment, I also look at how present events impact the future, and this is one of the things
that feeds my imagination. Also, she disagreed that I have a lackadaisical approach to working
towards goals. What she sees though is someone who puts lots of energy towards achieving

goals. My internal tendency is to consider options. This leads me to change my mind often.
These changes go unnoticed by others, but I usually work twice as hard as necessary to
achieve my goals. The final point she disagreed with was that I often become impatient. She
rarely sees this side of me, and she had no idea that I have to make an effort to quell my
impatience as a means to my peace keeping.


Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-5. (5th ed., pp. 645-682). (2013).
Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association.
Fauvre, K., & Fauvre, D. Enneagram Personality Type 9: The Peacemaker. Retrieved February
1, 2015, from http://www.enneagram.net/type9.html
Keirsey, D., & Bates, M. (1984). Please understand me: Character & temperament types (5th
ed., pp. 176-178). Del Mar, CA: Distributed by Prometheus Nemesis Book.