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The Case Against the Tamil Tigers


(LTTE) and Brian Senewiratne
2015 Dr Romesh SenewiratneAlagaratnam Arya Chakravarti

Understanding the Tamil Tigers


Divisions of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Divisions of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam refers to the military,
intelligence and overseas divisions the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE).
Most of these divisions were destroyed during the Eelam War IV, and only parts
of the intelligence and financing divisions remain overseas.[1]
Contents [hide]
1 Military wing
1.1 Charles Anthony brigade
1.2 Black Tigers
1.3 Sea Tigers
1.4 Air Tigers
1.5 Imran Pandian regiment
1.6 Ratha regiment
1.7 Jeyanthan brigade
1.8 Kittu artillery brigade
1.9 Kutti Sri mortar brigade
1.10 Victor anti-tank regiment
1.11 Anbarasi regiment
1.12 Ponnamman mining unit
1.13 Pistol gang
1.14 Auxiliary forces
1.14.1 Eela Padai
1.14.2 Grama Padai
1.14.3 Thunai Padai
2 Womens' wing
2.1 Malathi brigade
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2.2 Sothiya brigade


3 Intelligence wing
3.1 Tiger Organization Security Intelligence Service
3.2 Military intelligence
4 Political wing
4.1 Tamil Eelam Economic Development Organisation
4.2 International peace secretariat
4.3 Police force
4.4 LTTE court
4.5 Eelam bank
4.6 Voice of Tigers
4.7 Sports division
5 Global network
5.1 KP branch
5.2 Castro branch
5.3 Aiyannah group
5.4 TV stations
5.5 International radio
5.6 Publications
6 See also
7 References
8 External links
Military wing[edit]

Charles Anthony brigade


Main article: Charles Anthony Brigade
Charles Anthony Brigade was the first conventional fighting formation created by
the LTTE, on 10 April 1991.[2] It has remained the main fighting force throughout
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the rest of the time of LTTE, and has fought major battles including Operation
Jayasikurui, Battle of Mullaitivu, Battle of Kilinochchi, Second Battle of Elephant
Pass and LTTE's Unceasing Waves (Oyatha Alaigal) I, II, III and IV.[3] The brigade
was named after Charles Lucas Anthony alias Seelan, who had been LTTE leader
Velupillai Prabhakaran's right hand man during the early stages of LTTE. Kandiah
Balasegaran alias Balraj, Amuthab and Gobith have served as its commanders.
Charles Anthony brigade had been completely destroyed during the final days of
Sri Lankan Civil War.

Black Tigers
Main article: LTTE Black Tiger
Black Tigers is the LTTE division that carried out suicide attacks in the South and
other parts of the country. It consisted of selected cardres from other regiments.
The division was formed in July 1987, with the attack carried out by Vallipuram
Vasanthan alias Captain Miller, by driving an explosive laden truck into a Sri
Lanka Army camp in Nelliady Madhya Maha Vidyalaya, Jaffna, killing himself and
128 soldiers.[4][5] It was the first occasion that a Black Tiger blew up himself.
LTTE intelligence wing leader Shanmugalingam Sivashankar alias Pottu
Amman headed the outfit from its inception to destruction. According to LTTE,
between 5 July 1987 and 20 November 2008, 378 black tigers (274 male and 104
female) had carried out suicide attacks.[6]
Black Tiger wing carried out attacks on various high-profile leaders both inside
and outside Sri Lanka.[7] It had successfully targeted 3 world leaders, only
insurgent group to do so. That includes assassination of Rajiv Gandhi, the former
Prime Minister of India on 21 May 1991,[8][9] assassination of Ranasinghe
Premadasa, the President of Sri Lanka on 1 May 1993[10] and failed
assassination attempt of Chandrika Kumaratunga, the Sri Lankan President on 18
December 1999, which resulted in the loss of her right eye.[11][12][13]
The slain Black Tiger cardres were highly glorified and their families were given
the "Maha Viru family" status. Those cardres were given a chance to have his/her
last supper with the LTTE leader Velupillai Prabhakaran, which was considered
a rare honour one would get in the LTTE controlled area. This, in turn motivated
LTTE cardres to join the Black Tiger wing.[14]

Sea Tigers
Main article: Sea Tigers
Sea Tigers was the naval wing of LTTE, founded in 1984. Sea Tigers also had a
number of small but effective suicide bomber vessels.[15] During its existence, it
had sunk at least 29 small inshore patrol boats and one freighter of Sri Lanka
Navy.[16] The division was led by Thillaiyampalam Sivanesan alias Soosai, with
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their main base at Mullaitivu, on the north-eastern coast of Sri Lanka.[17] Sea
Tigers' fighting capabilities diminished towards the end of 2008, as Sri Lanka
Army captured more of its bases such as Viduthalathivu and Nachchikuda, and
Sri Lanka Navy strictly cordoned off the Northern sea.

Air Tigers
Main article: Air Tigers
Aircraft in LTTE possession[6]
Type of Aircraft

Quantity

Micro Light Aircraft 2


ZLIN 143

Helicopters 2
Unmanned aerial vehicles 2
Air Tigers was the air-wing of LTTE. LTTE is the only terrorist organization of the
world, known to had obtained Aircraft. Its existence had been subject to
speculation for many years, but was only revealed after the first attack in March
2007. LTTE credits the formation of the Air Tigers wing to Colonel Shankar, alias
Vythialingam Sornalingam. On November 2728, 1998, Tamilnet reported,[18]
[19] the LTTE-operated Voice of Tiger radio station had claimed that "Aircraft of
the Air Tiger wing of the Liberation Tigers [had] sprinkled flowers over the
cemeteries of the slain LTTE cadres in Mulliyawalai," during the annual Heroes
Day celebrations. This was not confirmed by the Sri Lanka Air Force but several
reports have received that unidentified aircraft had been seen in Mullaitivu sky. In
August 11, 2006, quoting unidentified sources in Jaffna, Tamilnet reported[20]
that "at least one unidentified aircraft" had flown over the Sri Lankan military
base at Palali, firing rockets at government forces. However, these aircraft were
identified for the first time, only when they carried out an attack on Katunayake
Air force base in March 2007. Two Z Lin Z 143 light aircraft had been used for the
attack. This was followed by 8 more attacks on military targets. Final one was a
suicide air raid targeting Sri Lanka Air Force headquarters in Colombo in February
2009. During the Northern offensive, Sri Lanka Army captured 7 aircraft runways
belonged to LTTE.[21]

Imran Pandian regiment


Imran Pandian Regiment was created for the personal security of LTTE
supermo, Velupillai Prabhakaran. Viduthalai alias Amuthan alias
Gaddafi, Prabhakaran's bodyguard was its leader. All of its members were
killed with Prabhakaran in May 2009.
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Ratha regiment
Ratha Regiment has been assigned air defence and intelligence gathering roles
within the LTTE. It was relatively a new unit within LTTE, created in 2004.[22]
Silambarasan, the commander of Ratha Regement was killed in Battle of
Aanandapuram, and his deputy Anbu was captured.[23]

Jeyanthan brigade
Main article: Jeyanthan Brigade
Jeyanthan Brigade consisted of LTTE fighters from Eastern Province. Its fighters
had participated in many conventional battles including Battle of Pooneryn,
Operation Jayasikurui, Battle of Mullaitivu, Battle of Kilinochchi and Second Battle
of Elephant Pass.[24][25] Brigade was named in the memory of Sampukuddi
Pathmanthan alias Jeyanthan. Keerthi, the commander of Jeyanthan Brigade and
his deputy, Nagesh were killed in Battle of Aanandapuram.[23]

Kittu artillery brigade


Heavy artillery in LTTE possession[6]
Type of artillery

Quantity

152 mm towed gun-howitzer Type 66

130 mm towed field gun Type 59-1

12

122 mm gun 2
107 mm rocket artillery

Multi-barrel rocket launcher (12-barrel) 1


Multi-barrel rocket launcher (6-barrel) 1
The artillery brigade of LTTE.[26] Its commander Mannivannan was killed in
Battle of Aanandapuram.[23] Weapons in possession of Kittu artillery brigade by
2008:

Kutti Sri mortar brigade


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The Mortar brigade of LTTE.[26] It had 500+ 82/81 mm Mortar, 150+ 120 mm
Mortar and 4 140 mm Mortar weapons in its possession. Gopal, the commander
of Kutti Sri Mortar Brigade was killed in Battle of Aanandapuram.[23]

Victor anti-tank regiment


Victor anti-tank regiment was formed in 1995. It had over 350 RPG-7 weapons in
its possession.[6] Victor regiment also had a T-55 Main battle tank, captured from
Sri Lanka Army in 2001. Army troops re-captured it in west of Putumattalan in
April 2009.[27]

Anbarasi regiment
Anbarasi regiment was the anti-aircraft regiment of LTTE. It carried out 4
successful surface-to-air missile attacks on Sri Lanka Air Force passenger flights.
Attacked aircraft are: 2 Avro aircraft (On 28 & 29 April 1995), 1 Antonov An-32
(On 22 November 1995) and 1 Mil Mi-17 helicopter (On 22 January 1996). All 4
attacks took place at Palaly Air Force base, killing at least 202 servicemen.
Anbarasi regiment had at least 5 IGLA 1 missile launchers and 16+ IGLA 1 (SA
16) missiles in its possession.[6]

Ponnamman mining unit


The mining unit of LTTE. Asmi, the commander of Ponnamman mining unit was
captured in Battle of Aanandapuram.[23] Based on the Humanitarian Demining
Organizations Reports, The LTTE Mostly Used there Local products of Mines to
protect their Forward Defense Lines and Camps. The LTTE Anti Personnel Mines
Are: 1. Jony 95 2. Jony 99 3. Rangan 99 4. Pedal Mine 5. Claypot Mine 6.
Illavaluthi 1 (ETM 01) 7. Illavaluthi 11(ETM 02) However they were commonly
using after the 1999, Jony 99 and Rangan 99 mines for Anti Personnel. The
Rangan 99 and Jony 99 Mines are plastic covered Pressure activating mines. both
are containing 90 -110 g C4 Explosive. The Illavaluthi Series of Mines are Electric
Tilt Mines.

Pistol gang
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LTTE pistol gang is involved in many hit-and-run operations on government


agents, security force members, security forces informants, dissidents etc.[28]

Auxiliary forces
These groups were dubbed as Special Task Forces.

Eela Padai
Eela Padai consisted of civilians recruited by LTTE. It had a strength of 5000, who
were used as home guards and later, for defensive and offensive purposes. They
were on the payroll of LTTE. Members of Eela Padai received a monthly salary of
about Rs. 2,500 (USD 25).[29]

Grama Padai
Grama Padai aka Rural Force was an auxiliary force of LTTE, used to assist it in
meeting logistics requirements as well as for carrying out defensive operations. It
also had a strength of about 5000.[29]

Thunai Padai
Thunai Padai was a Support Force of LTTE.[29]

Womens' wing
LTTE women's wing marching in a parade.
LTTE's women's wing had consisted of two brigades. They engaged in military
offensives as well as administrative tasks.

Malathi brigade
One of the two women's military brigades of LTTE. Named after the first woman
killed on behalf of LTTE, during operations against the Indian Peace Keeping

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Force, Malathi. Its commander Vithusha, and her deputy Kamalini were killed
during Battle of Aanandapuram in April 2009.[30]

Sothiya brigade
This is the other women's military brigade of LTTE. Named after Sothiya,
commander of the first women's unit formed in 1989. She died of meningitis in
1990. Its commander Durga, and her deputy Mohana were killed during Battle of
Aanandapuram.[30]

Intelligence wing
Tiger Organization Security Intelligence Service
Tiger Organization Security Intelligence Service aka TOSIS, formed in December
1983, was the intelligence service of LTTE. It was run by Pottu Amman. Kapil
Amman served as its deputy leader. TOSIS had been instrumental in all of
the attacks of LTTE, especially the Black Tiger suicide attacks. TOSIS had
played a crucial role in identifying Gopalaswamy Mahendraraja alias Mahattaya
had been leaking secrets to India's Research and Analysis Wing. The
responsibility of administering the LTTE's intelligence wing was entrusted to
Pottu Amman in mid 1988 by Prabhakran. Before that, it was run by a
person called Vasanthan, who left the organization in 1987.[31] Most of its
cardres were killed in May 2009. Present status in unknown.

Military intelligence
LTTE's military intelligence was separate from TOSIS and was headed by
Shanmuganathan Ravishankar alias Charles. He was killed in a Sri Lankan Army
Deep Penetration Unit claymore attack in Pallemadu, Mannar in January 2008.
[32]

Political wing
LTTE had a separate political wing for civil administrative matters. S. P.
Thamilselvan headed this wing until his death in November 2007. After
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that, Balasingham Nadesan, whom initially was Constable of Sri Lanka Police,
headed the wing until his death on 18 May 2009. Political wing had a wide range
of departments under its control. Prior to the end of the conflict, it functioned
almost like a separate state. However, negotiation with the Sri Lankan
government was carried out at almost all the time by Anton Balasingham,
who was LTTE's theoretician and chief negotiator, with the inclusion of the
head of the political wing, during peace talks. But crucial decisions were taken
almost entirely by Balasingham and LTTE leader Prabhakaran.

Tamil Eelam Economic Development


Organisation
Tamil Eelam Economic Development Organisation (TEEDOR) oversaw all
development and civil activities in the LTTE controlled area. Its areas of concern
include education, transport, administrative service, health service, banking,
forest conservation, fisheries, industries, revenue collection, tax collection, public
utilities, agriculture, irrigation, environment, road development and construction.
Its headquarters was situated in Kilinochchi. V. Balakumaran, a one-time senior
leader of the Eelam Revolutionary Organisation of Students (EROS), had been its
head.[29]
[See role of Balakumaran in robbing the bank at which he worked and his
eventual arrest:
http://www.asiantribune.com/node/21366 ]

International peace secretariat


The LTTE Peace secretariat, created after the 2002 Ceasefire Agreement,
conducted foreign relations on behalf of the organization, issued statements and
handled the relations with media. Seevaratnam Prabaharan alias Pulidevan
was the Director of it. In June 2008, news emerged that Pulidevan had been put
into house arrest for alleged charges of treachery against the outfit.[33] In a
similar move, LTTE put Gopalaswamy Mahendraraja alias Mahattaya, into
house arrest and subsequently executed under the charges of leaking
secrets to India's Research and Analysis Wing. Mahattaya was the head of
People's Front of Liberation Tigers, the Tamil Tigers' political party. However it fell
out with the LTTE.

Police force
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LTTE created its own police force in 1992. Balasingham Nadesan was its head
throughout its existence, although he was promoted as the head of political wing
in November 2008.[34] As police chief, Nadesan oversaw the building of new
police stations in the East following the 2002 Ceasefire Agreement. LTTE Police
Headquarters was situated in Kilinochchi town.

LTTE court
LTTE controlled a separate court system, which looked into civil and criminal
cases inside the LTTE controlled area. Main court was situated in the Kilinochchi
town. [ed. where were the lawyers, or were the LTTE the lawyers, judge and
jury?]

Eelam bank
Main article: Bank of Tamil Eelam
"Bank of Tamil Eelam" was LTTE's official bank, which governed under its political
wing. It was established in 1994. LTTE controlled 11 branches of this bank
throughout the Vanni region. It had even provided loan and credit facilities to the
people of north and east Sri Lanka.[35] The bank suspended its activities on 2
January 2009 after Sri Lanka Army captured Kilinochchi, the administrative
capital of LTTE controlled region.

Voice of Tigers
Pulikalin Kural aka Voice of Tigers, LTTE's Radio station was established in 1990,
in Jaffna. LTTE leader's Mahavir day speech speech was usually broadcast on
Voice of Tigers on 27 November in each year. Its main broadcasting station was
attcked by Sri Lanka Air Force on 27 November 2007, while the speech was being
broadcast. LTTE claims that it was one of the 23 times SLAF has targeted the
station.[36]

Sports division
LTTE sports division was headed by 'Papa'. He was arrested in May 2009 and now
working for the State intelligence services.[37]
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Global network
Out of the LTTE's divisions, details about its global network are scarcely
known. Prominent tasks conducted by this global network include
propaganda, fund raising, arms procurement and shipping.At the height
of its power, LTTE had 42 offices all over the world. The global network of
LTTE is functional in 4 major areas.[38] Departments within the global network
include,

KP branch
Selvarasa Pathmanathan alias Kumaran Pathmanathan alias KP was
LTTE's chief arms dealer and international head from its rise to prominence in
1983 to signing the Norwegian brokered ceasefire agreement in 2002. KP
travelled to various black markets using 23+ alieses and 200+ passports. His
continuous shipments of arms fuelled the Eelam War I, II and III. Major
acievements of KP branch include purchasing and shipping 60 tonnes of
explosives (50 tonnes of TNT and 10 tonnes of RDX) from Rubezone Chemical
plant in Ukraine in 1994, providing a forged Bangladeshi Ministry of Defense enduser certificate,[39] and theft of 32,400 rounds of 81 mm mortar ammunition
purchased from Tanzania destined for the Sri Lanka Army.[40] In 2002, after the
signing of peace deal, some elements within LTTE, allegedly Castro and
Thamilselvan brought forward various charges against KP, including corruption,
inefficiency, sexual impropriety etc. Since then, KP was steadily marginalised and
in 2003, he went into "voluntary" retirement. But in 2008, after a series of
military debacles in North and the East, LTTE supermo Prabhakaran requested
him to return to the LTTE. KP accepted the request and in January 2009, he was
appointed the head of newly created "International relations department".[41]
But his appointment did not stop the tide against LTTE, which was defeated in
May 2009. In August 2009, a Sri Lankan military intelligence unit, with the
collaboration of local authorities, captured Pathmanathan in the Tune Hotel,
Downtown Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.[42]

Castro branch
Since 2002, after sidelining KP branch, LTTE relied heavily on International
secretariat headed by Veerakathy Manivannam alias Castro for arms
shipments and other foreign activities.[41] Castro was based in Kilinochchi, but
he had a branch network controlled by him in the foreign countries.
Perinpanayagam Sivaparan alias Nediyavan, who acts as the LTTE leader in
Norway was appointed by him. Castro died in Sri Lanka Army's final offensive in
Vellamullivaikkal, Mullaitivu.[43]
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Aiyannah group
Ponniah Anandaraja alias Aiyannah led the LTTE's Aiyannah group, which is
responsible for LTTE's connection with North Korean government. Aiyannah, a
member of World Tamil Coordinating Committee of USA and later, the accountant
of LTTE, had worked at the North Korean embassy in Bangkok since late 1997.
Jane's Intelligence Review states that Aiyannah Group functioned as the "groups
[LTTE's] intelligence and operations body, likely to be responsible for monitoring
and ensuring the organizations financial support and revenue streams." Most of
the LTTE's weapons shipments came from North Korea, since 1997.[38]

TV stations
LTTE's global network operated several TV channels in Europe and Australia,
named "Tharisanam TV", "Tamil Television Network" (TTN), "Makkal TV" and "Euro
TV" as a major propaganda arm. Tharisanam was broadcasting its programmes
in connection with companies in France, Israel and Hong Kong. It had used French
and Israeli satellites named Globecast and Satlink, for the broadcasting
purposes. In 2008, Israel took steps to ban Tharisanam.[44] Makkal TV was aired
with the help of the pro-LTTE political party Pattali Makkal Katchi (PMK) in
Chennai. France ceased the broadcasting of Tamil Television Network (TTN) in
May 2007.[45] Euro TV also was banned by Italy in May 2008.[46]

International radio
LTTE launched the London based International Broadcasting Corporation, IBC
Tamil radio station in 1997. IBC had urged Tamils in the United Kingdom to
support pro-LTTE fundraising events organized by White Pigeon and other LTTE
front associations.[47]

Publications
There has been a wide array of pro-LTTE publications, both digital and print,
controlled by the LTTE global network. Most notable websites include TamilNet,
Paris based Sankathi and Germany based Pathivu. Paris, London, Canada and
Australia based Eelamurazu is one of its many printed media.[41]

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Internet websites cont.


1. Ilankai Tamil Sangam (USA)
2 Tamilnation.org
3. Tamilcanadian.com

Site Navigation

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From ASAP website (2006)

Evidence Against Asoka Brian Senewiratne (born 16


January 1932)
Brian Senewiratne Pages blog (maintained by the LTTE International in London
that inserted the photographs and videos):

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http://briansenewiratne.blogspot.com.au/

HUB Forensics Investigation:


https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?
set=a.1281101898582147.1073741833.660680740624269&type=3
https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?
set=a.1280604305298573.1073741831.660680740624269&type=3
https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?
set=a.1280140635344940.1073741829.660680740624269&type=3

Campaign to have Brian Senewiratne arrested by Dr Romesh SenewiratneAlagaratnam


https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?
fbid=1064952566871257&set=pcb.1064954470204400&type=3&theater

Example of Propaganda by Brian Senewiratne:

Sri Lanka: Genocide Of The Tamil


Minority
By Brian Senewiratne
There is a humanitarian crisis in Sri Lanka, where the
Tamil minority in the islands north and east are facing
annihilation at the hands of the Sinhalese-dominated
government.

This article will deal with the current crisis, with the
more fundamental problem of the legacy left by
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colonial British rule (1796-1948) dealt with in later


articles. These colonial administrative structures will
need to be reversed of there is ever to be peace or
prosperity in Sri Lanka.
I am a Sinhalese, from the majority community, not
from the brutalised Tamil minority. I quit Sri Lanka in
1976.
Who runs that country is of no concern to me, as long
as it is run without serious violations of human rights.
Sri Lanka was tossed out of the UN Human Rights
Council in May last year due to its human rights record,
and the drift of a democracy to a fascist politicomilitary dictatorship, none of which have been
publicised internationally.

Current problem

The ethno-religious mix of Sri Lanka, with 20 million


people, consists of ethnic Sinhalese (74%), Tamils
(18%) in two groups (ethnic Tamils, 12.5%, and the
plantation, or Indian, Tamils, 5.5%) and Moors (6.5%).
The ethnic Sinhalese and the ethnic Tamils have been
in the country for at least 2500 years the Tamils for
probably much longer, given the proximity of Sri Lanka
to south India from where the ethnic Tamils came.
The plantation Tamils are descendants of indentured
labourers brought to the country by the British in the
mid-1850s to work in the tea plantations in the central
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hills. The Moors are descendants of Arab traders from


the 13th-15th century.
The ethnic conflict is between the Sinhalese-dominated
government and the ethnic Tamils. The Sinhalese speak
an Indoaryan language, Sinhalese, while the Tamils a
Dravidian language, Tamil. The Moors are mainly Tamilspeaking but many are bilingual.
To add a religious dimension to an already existing
ethno-linguistic one, the Sinhalese are Buddhist (70%)
and the Tamils are Hindus. About 7% of each group
have been converted to Christianity by Westerners. The
Moors are mostly Muslims.
Sri Lanka is a multi-ethnic, multireligious, multilingual
and multicultural country. Despite this, the SinhalaBuddhist majority claim that Sri Lanka is a SinhalaBuddhist country.
The main proponents of this ethno-religious chauvinism
are, firstly, the Buddhist monks who claim that Buddha
on his death bed nominated Sri Lanka to be the
custodian of his teaching, and secondly Sinhalese
politicians across the entire political spectrum who
have done so to gain the political support of the
Sinhalese Buddhist majority to get into or remain in
power.
The major Sinhalese political parties have competed
with each other to discriminate against the Tamils in
language, education and employment with the clear
intention of getting the Sinhalese vote.

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A third proponent is the Sinhalese-dominated Sri


Lankan Armed Forces (99% Sinhalese). The head of the
SLA stated in an interview in September last year: I
strongly believe that this country belongs to the
Sinhalese
The real danger is that while the ethno-religious bigots
among the Buddhist clergy and the Sinhalese political
opportunists are not in a position to deliver an
exclusively Sinhala-Buddhist nation, the SLA
equipped and supported by countries such as the US,
China, India, Pakistan, Britain and Israel, for their own
geopolitical/economic gains do have that capacity.
If this means committing genocide against the Tamil
people, the politico-military junta, which has the
temerity to call itself the Government of the
Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri lanka, is more
than willing to do so.

Problem of ethnic cleansing

There are four options to achieve an exclusively


Sinhala-Buddhist Sri Lanka.
1. Drive them out of the country. Although 1.3 million
have already been driven out, there are still 2 million
left.
2. Make them non-people, ie: internal refugees.
Currently, there are 500,000 Tamil civilians living in
refugee camps in the Tamil north and east or have fled
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into the jungles in the north to escape SLA bombing.


There are also 200,000 Tamil refugees in south India.
On November 19, Amnesty International USA, in a
publication titled Sri Lanka government must act now
to protect 300,000 displaced persons, stated: In
September 2008, the Sri Lankan government ordered
the United Nations (UN) and non-government aidworkers to leave the region (the Tamil North). The
government then assumed total responsibility for
ensuring the needs of the civilian population affected
by the hostilities are met.
On December 23, the US-based Human Rights Watch
(HRW) came out with a detailed 49-page report entitled
Besieged, Displaced, and Detained. The Plight of
Civilians in Sri Lankas Vanni Region of the Sri Lankan
governments responsibility for the plight of 230,000 to
300,000 displaced people in the Vanni (northern)
conflict zone.
It documents that thousands of Tamils fleeing the
fighting in the north are trapped by the government
and are being denied basic provisions.
Brad Adams, HRW Asia Director, one of the people who
wrote this report, said: To add insult to injury, people
who manage to flee the fighting end up being held
indefinitely in army-run prison camps.
He went on to make the situation abundantly clear:
The governments welfare centers for civilians fleeing
the Wanni are just badly disguised prisons.

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3. Make them disappear. Today, Sri Lanka leads the


world in involuntary disappearances.
On November 24, HRW published report entitled Sri
Lanka: Human Rights Situation Deteriorating in the East
in which Adams stated: The Sri Lankan government
says that the liberated East is an example of
democracy in action and a model for areas recaptured
from the LTTE. But killings and abductions are rife, and
there is total impunity for horrific acts.
4. Kill them i.e. commit genocide. Genocide is
defined by the UN Convention on the Prevention and
Punishment of the Crime of Genocide as an act
committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a
national, ethnic, racial or religious group.
Genocide has nothing to do with numbers killed, it is
the intention and the act(s) to achieve this intention
that defines it.
Bombing, shelling and shooting are not the only ways
to kill. One could starve them, withhold essential
medicines, prevent survival activity (e.g. fishing and
agriculture), destroy businesses, markets, homes,
hospitals and schools. Once the intention is there, the
ways to achieve genocide are endless.
There are also different types of genocide. I have called
these, educational genocide, cultural genocide,
economic genocide and religious genocide
defined as the intention, backed by the act, of
destroying in whole or part the education, culture or
economy and religion of an ethnic group.
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The Sri Lankan government is guilty of all of these.

Liberation struggle

The war that is going on in Sri Lanka is a liberation


struggle of the Tamil people for their right to selfdetermination, which would enable them to exist with
equality, dignity and safety in the area of historical
habitation of the Tamil people the north and the east
of Sri Lanka.
This war could not continue without foreign aid going to
the Sri Lankan government. Without this aid, Sri Lanka
would be forced to the negotiating table. Imperialism
today takes the form of foreign aid.
No discussion of what is going on in Sri lanka is
complete without a comment on the question of suicide
bombings and child soldiers, issues used to demonise
Tamil resistance to the Sri Lankan regime.
Suicide bombings have been a hallmark of the
Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in its decadeslong armed struggle against the Sri Lankan state. The
latter has used and promoted extreme violence in its
attempt to enforce Sinhalese (the majority ethnic
group) domination on the island.
I will quote the Booker prize-winning Indian author
Arundhati Roy in her book The Ordinary Persons Guide
to Empire. Substitute Sri Lanka for Israel and Tamil for
Palestinian.
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Young Palestinians who cannot contain their anger turn


themselves into human bombs and haunt Israels
streets, blowing themselves up, killing ordinary people.
Suicide bombing is an act of individual despair, not a
revolutionary tactic.
The world is called upon to condemn suicide bombers,
but can we ignore the long road they have journeyed
on before they arrived at their destination?
The psychology of the suicide bomber is: You shot my
father, raped and killed my mother, hanged my brother,
tortured and killed my sister. I have nothing left. When I
decide to leave this planet, I will take you with me.
Also, the LTTE has, for years, recruited children as
fighters. What is new is that there are several recent
reports that the Sri Lankan Army (SLA) is doing the
same thing.
Allan Rock is a Canadian diplomat working with the
United Nations sent to Sri Lanka in 2006, who issued a
report that confirmed that the LTTE was recruiting child
soldiers.
He also stated that Tamil paramilitary groups working
with the SLA were doing the same thing, conscripting
child soldiers in the eastern province.
A December 2 report by the US-based Human Rights
Watch stated that the leaders of the Tamil paramilitary
groups working with the Sri Lankan regime, one of
them recently appointed a member of parliament by
President Mahinda Rajapaksa, have been implicated in
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serious human rights abuses The abuses included


abducting large numbers of children and forcing them
to serve as soldiers Escapees often must go into
hiding to prevent being abducted again. In some
instances, their families have faced pressure to give a
replacement child soldier to the group.

International interests

Violations of human rights can no longer be considered


an internal affair of that country. That is why the
world got involved in the issue of apartheid in South
Africa, (indisputably an internal affair of that country).
Sri Lanka cannot say it is not our business. It is.
These internal affairs cause refugees that seek safe
havens in other countries such as Australia. Tamil
civilians brutilised by the Sri Lankan regime contact
people smugglers, are put into leaking boats that sink
off the Australian coast, or arrive here to be locked up
as criminals.
Rather than creating inhumane ways of dealing with
these people, the source of the problem, the human
rights violations in Sri Lanka, must be addressed.
What is more, all conflicts come to an end. The conflict
in East Timor did come to an end, as has the conflict in
Ireland and so many others. The Sri Lankan conflict will
come to an end in five years, 10, or longer. It might do
so with Sri Lanka reduced to a shell, as East Timor was.
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The rebuilding of Sri Lanka when the conflict is over will


fall on the international community (as it did with
East Timor). To prevent this catastrophe, action must be
taken.
It is not appreciated that there are two conflicts in Sri
Lanka.
Firstly, between the Sri Lankan regime and the Tamil
people to force the Tamil people to accept Sri Lanka as
a Sinhala-Buddhist nation.
Secondly, between the US, India and China for control
of the Indian Ocean.
The Indian Ocean is not the largest ocean on this
planet, but by far, the busiest. Forty-percent of the
worlds population is in countries around the Indian
Ocean. Seventy percent of the worlds oil shipments,
and 50% of the worlds container cargo, travel across
this ocean.
As US admiral Alfred Maher commented 100 years ago,
Whoever controls the Indian Ocean, dominates Asia.
This international war is a peculiar one. These
interests compete with each other to control the Indian
Ocean, and cooperate with each other to prevent a
solution to the problem in Sri Lanka.
Just as oil is the problem in the Middle East, the
geographical position of Sri Lanka, astride the Indian
Ocean, is the problem in Sri Lanka.
The prize is Trincomalee, the fourth largest natural
harbour in the world, in the Tamil north-east.
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Trincomalee remaining in the hands of a corrupt


Sinhalese regime in Colombo is a better option to it
falling into the hands of an independent Tamil state.
To negotiate with a corrupt regime is a far easier task
than negotiating with the much more disciplined Tamils.
China has a special interest in safeguarding its crucial
oil supply from the Middle East, which passes just below
Sri Lanka.
India has a special interest in preventing any other
power from interfering (even if this means solving a
problem) in its area of control.
For India to get a foothold in Sri Lanka is crucial. That
would be easier to achieve with a corrupt, disorganised,
despotic regime in Colombo, than with an independent
Tamil state.

What has to be done

International human rights monitors must be admitted


into Sri Lanka, now. Tomorrow might be too late for the
Tamils.
Sri Lankan disinformation that the problem is Tamil
terrorism must be exposed. The problem is SinhalaBuddhist ethno-religious chauvinism and state
terrorism aimed at turning Sri Lanka into a SinhalaBuddhist nation.

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I have DVDs that set this out in detail, which I have


donated to the Socialist Alliance in Australia.
Sri Lanka must be isolated, as was apartheid South
Africa. Economic sanctions should be imposed.
We should stop buying Sri Lankan goods. A boycott
should target tourism and point to the blood-stained
beaches of Sri Lanka. Trade union action to stop
handling goods, to and from Sri Lanka, should be
implemented.
Public protests need to be organised internationally.
We should pressure our governments to force Sri Lanka
to the negotiating table and to make clear that a
military solution to the Tamil question is not
acceptable.

Brian Senewiratne is a member of the Socialist Alliance


in Brisbane. Many of his articles on the Tamil question
can be found at http://www.tamilcanadian.com

Action in Solidarity with Asia and the Pacific (ASAP), formerly ASIET (Action
in Solidarity with Indonesia and East Timor), is a network of solidarity
activists campaigning for democratic rights, self-determination and other
justice struggles in the Asia Pacific region.

Compare the content of the above article with


Brian Senewiratne's 2008 speech to LTTEsupporters in Toronto, Canada:
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http://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=nRzti1UWryQ#t=31

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