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IT-106 FUNDAMENTALS TO INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

L T P Credits
3 0 0
3

Total Hours: 30

UNIT I:
5 hours
Fundamentals of IT: Definition of Information, Data Vs Information, Introduction to Information representation in Digital
Media, Text, Image, Graphics, Animation, Audio,Video etc.
Digital Logic : Number System, Decimal, Binary, Octal, Hexa-Decimal, and conversions, Introduction to Various
Codes(Weighted, BCD, Excess-3,Gray,ASCII, EBCDIC), fixed and floating Point Number Representation, Complements(rs
and r-1s), Error correction and detection(parity and hamming)
Compression: Definition, Compression Techniques (Run Length Encoding) and Classification( Lossy & Lossless).
UNIT II:
4 hours
Computer Operation: Instruction cycle, Program flow of control with and without interrupts.
Computer Software: System Software (operating system, utility and device drivers) and Application Software.
Computer Hardware: Memory, different types of memories, Various I/O devices. Firmware and Humanware.
UNIT III:
4 hours
Fundamentals of Programming: Introduction to Computer Languages, Dataflow Diagram and ER diagram
Translators: Assemblers, Interpreters, Compilers, Linkers.
Software Development Activities: Requirement, design, coding, testing, installation and maintenance.
UNIT-IV:
Fundamentals of Digital Electronics: Boolean Algebra, K-maps, Basic and Universal gates.
Combinational Circuits: adder, subtractor, encoder, decoder, MUX and DeMUX.
Sequential circuits: Definition, Flip Flops SR, JK, Master-slave JK, T and D.

6 hours

UNIT V:
4 hours
Fundamentals of Communication Engineering: Communication Systems, Modulation, Need for Modulation, Amplitude
modulation- modulation index, power calculations, AM generation and demodulation (block diagram), Frequency modulation,
Difference between amplitude and frequency modulation, Pulse code modulation.
UNIT VI:
7 hours
Fundamentals of Web Technologies: Internet, Intranet and Extranet, Hypertext Markup Language, Introduction to OSI and
TCP model, Protocols :WWW, TCP/IP, HTTP, HTTPs, Gopher, FTP, Telnet, Web Browsers, Search Engines, Email, LAN,
MAN and WAN, Network Topologies, Introduction to information security-Public and private key cryptography and digital
Signatures, Firewall and its types, Elementary Concepts of E- Commerce, Electronic Payment Systems.