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Cloning Humans

Currently there has been


no cloning of humans.
However, scientists state
that if human cloning were
possible, the majority of the
cloning would be for medical purposes only. Such as
cloning organs for transplant. How great would it
be if scientists could figure
out how to clone kidneys,
hearts, lungs, etc. so that
patients are not suffering
waiting for a transplant. If
organ cloning were possible, there would be far less
people on the transplant
lists.

Genetic Cloning

Recourses:
National Human Genome Research Institute
www.genome.gov

Clone:
Biology.
1. a cell, cell product, or organism that is genetically identical to the unit or individual
from which it was derived.
a population of identical units, cells, or individuals that derive from the same ancestral line.

Completed by: McKaylee Martin


November 17, 2015

2. A person or thing that duplicates, imitates, or


closely resembles another in appearance, function,
performance, or style:
All the fashion models seemed to be clones of one
another.

Different types of cloning

Introduction
The definition of cloning is to
make an identical copy. Meaning that scientist have found a
way to duplicate DNA and in
turn are making multiple copies
of a gene or DNA fragment.
Cloning is possible in most organisms whether it be plants,
animals or even humans! Although cloning has not been
successful on humans thus far,
it is very possible.

There are currently 3 different


types of cloning. 1) Gene Cloning, also known as DNA cloning, is the process in which
segments of DNA or genes are
copied. 2) Reproductive cloning
produces copies of whole animals. And lastly 3) Therapeutic
cloning produces embryonic
stem cells for experiments that
is mainly used to create tissue.
The processes of Reproductive
& Therapeutic cloning are very
similar in that they share some
of the same techniques, but
they are done for different purposes.

Cloning of mammals
The process of cloning mammals starts
by removing a mature somatic cell, such
as a skin cell, from the animal. Then they
transfer the donors DNA to an egg cell or
oocyte. One way researchers are able to
add DNA to an empty egg is to remove
the DNA-containing nucleus of the somatic cell with a needle and inject it into
the empty egg. In the end, the adult female will give birth to an animal that has
the same genetic make-up as the donated somatic cell. Unfortunately reproductive cloning can be very inefficient, due
to the fact that the majority of animal embryos cannot develop into healthy individuals. For example, the first animal
that was successfully cloned was performed by a group of scientist from the
University of Edinburgh in Scotland. This
group of scientists were trying to clone a
sheep, after cloning 276 embryos that all
failed, they finally got number 277 to
successfully clone and healthy develop.
The sheep was eventually born and they
named her Dolly. Dolly was they very
first successful clone.