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Speech Time 1st Affirmative Constructive 2 mins 1st Negative Constructive (Lydia) 2 mins 2nd Affirmative
Speech
Time
1st Affirmative Constructive
2
mins
1st Negative Constructive (Lydia)
2
mins
2nd Affirmative Constructive
2
mins
2nd Negative Constructive (Morgan)
2
mins
BREAK
3
mins
Negative Rebuttal (Lydia)
1
min
Affirmative Rebuttal
1
min
Negative Solution (Morgan)
1
min
Affirmative Solution
1
min

1st Negative Constructive (Lydia):

Sports play a very big role in our society today, a lot of athletes struggle with mental health issues, and many argue that sports organizations need to do something to help support athletes more, but aren’t they wealthy enough to support themselves? The average annual salary of an NHL player is $2.58 million. For athletes in the NBA the average salary is $4.9 million, and MLB $3.82 million. Athletes are not struggling financially, they have the money and the resources to find treatments for themselves, not rely on governing bodies and sports organizations. Another important thing to mention is that not all athletes struggle with mental health issues, but even athletes who do or did struggle with their mental health have had enough money to support themselves. We are not trying to say that mental health isn’t something to be taken seriously, but there are many people who suffer with the same diseases, but they don’t have the same amount of money and resources as these athletes and they are not being acknowledged. According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness in 2015 around 43.8 million adult Americans have experiences with mental illnesses in a year. Therefore, more time and resources should be going towards helping the general public rather than wealthy athletes. Immanuel Kant a German philosopher talked about how he believed that people should act with a motive of duty instead of a motive of inclination or acting autonomously rather than heteronomously. Acting autonomously or with a motive of a duty, is when you do something for yourself without any outside factors playing a role in the decision you make. Acting with a motive of inclination or heteronomously, is the opposite of this. Politicus USA Sports wrote an article about the NBA not giving enough attention to athletes with mental illnesses. Daniel Carcillo hockey player for the Chicago Blackhawks is practically begging for the NHL to have a program that will help athletes who also suffer from these diseases, with many people agreeing with him. If the NBA or the NHL were to implement these ideas within their organizations to help those with mental illnesses, Immanuel Kant would argue saying, if something is done they would be acting heteronomously because outside forces had an influence on the outcome, not based on what they wanted to do.

2nd Negative Constructive (Morgan):

From a philosophical point of view, when a person chooses to do something they are making a hypothetical consent, which basically means that when you choose to do something, like play a sport, you know the risks and terms of what you are going to do and you still choose to play. Playing football in a league such as the NFL you have to sign multiple contracts including those about injury, payment, time on that team, and more. Not only does the athlete sign the physical contracts they, in their own mind, know the risks of playing a sport. By participating, the person knows that there is a very real risk of injury. They need to be aware of those risks and make sure that they are willing to take those risks by playing the sport. Also, by signing a contract to play the sport, they know what they are signing, and what they are obligating themselves to do. A philosophy that directly relates to injuries in sports, is libertarianism which says that a person owns themselves and is free to make their own discsions. So if that means that they consent to play a sport then they can even though the risks are still there. The Libertarian philosophy is interesting in the way it claims that we should all own ourselves. We should also be allowed to do anything we want, as long as no harm comes to another person. For example, boxing is an extreme contact sport. News Scientist, a popular website, wrote an article in 2013 about how boxing should be banned or at least changed, and since then, many more have started to agree. They believe that boxings purpose is to just hurt one another. Boxers should have the choice to participate in the sport if they want to, because they own their body, and according to Libertarian philosophies, people shouldn’t be able to tell them what they can and can’t do. That would mean that an athlete should be allowed to play, as they know the risks. Also if they own themselves they have the right to do so.

Negative Rebuttal (Lydia):

You’ve made a very valid argument, but there are a few flaws with those statements. The purpose or telos of sports is to entertain a crowd, show off your physical ability, and to win. Injury happens to be a part of sports, it’s included and inevitable. If anything were to be done to try and lower the amount of injuries athletes get, that would be altering the sport that many love, and essentially it wouldn’t be the same sport as before. This is something that Aristotle argues, he also talks about honor, and that relates to sports because, society rewards the strongest and fastest athletes for their physical prowess. Just because some weaker athletes are being injured doesn’t mean the whole sport needs to change. A specific example is football,many argue that it is a dangerous sport, but the telos is to be tactical, win, and entertain. That’s what football does, and the number of concussions has already been dropping, in 2012 there were 173 concussions during the regular season in the NFL, the number has since decreased, in 2013 there were 148, in 2014, 111. There was 36% decrease in concussions over those three years, and just this season the rate has gone down by 25%. The number is also projected to keep on lowering.

Negative Solution (Morgan):

Statistics have shown that physical injury and mental illnesses are not the biggest problem in sports these days. We need to redirect our focus to drugs in athletes and other problems at home, such as domestic violence. Drugs use in the NFL is actually a huge problem, but is usually passed up by more popular issues. According to Bret Locker, a former safety in the NFL, “There have been a lot of players that have been addicted to painkillers. I know that for a fact." Lockett says he knows because he saw it. Lockett thinks that a solution to this problem would be to monitor how many they are taking. The players need to make sure they're only taking two a day, and the doctors need to make sure they're not giving out more than two a day for them to take." Major League Baseball has also been having many drug related issues. According to Forbes as of November 2015, there have been 103 drug suspensions this season alone, because many baseball players are taking Performance Enhancing Drugs. By knowing this, we can come to a conclusion that this is a bigger issue that we move our focus too, rather than physical and mental illnesses.