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Katherine Quintana
Enc 1101/ Massey
December 9,2015

Human Trafficking
Slavery has been an immense issue for many years not only all around the world but in
the United States as well. Until this day slavery continues to affect our country, unfortunately
many people arent aware that its happening blocks from where they live. During the 1400s is
when European slavery began in Africa, with the Portuguese transporting people from Africa to
Portugal. Later on more countries such as Spain, North America, Holland, France, Sweden, and
Denmark became involve (Yong). Everyone should be cautious of this issue being that it has
become a massive crime. According to research it is said that Human trafficking is the third
largest international crime industry (behind illegal drugs and arms trafficking) (Butlers). This
paper will show the places where Human (Sex) trafficking happens, the causes for why Human
Trafficking continues to happen, what they do to those being held in sex trafficking, the results of
going through sex trafficking, and what The United States as a country could do to prevent the
Slavery in the United States has become an unknown issue by many, what many people
arent aware of is that Human Trafficking could be occurring in their local massage parlor. Sex
Trafficking occurs in a range of venues including fake massage business, via online ads or escort
services, in residential brothels, on the street at truck stops, or at hotels and motels (Polaris).


Annually 14,500-17,500 human being are

transported in the United States to work in these places like slaves. It is said that most of the
victims of Sex trafficking are those with family problems, or even financial problems. There are
people who are experiencing financial troubles, and need to make money quickly. Others are
involved in abusive relationships with family members or partners, enduring domestic or
intimate partner violence. Some are mothers, who only want to provide for and protect their
children (Polaris). As said before motels and hotels are a main spot for Human trafficking, in
fact statistics say that about 35% of survivors reported hotels and motels as the primary venue
where sex trafficking acts occurs, and 4% of survivors reported strip clubs (Polaris).
A huge source that people should be aware of is their own friendships and relationships
were many of Human Trafficking happens. Many victims become romantically involved with
someone who then forces or manipulates them into prostitution. Others are lured in with false
promises of a job, such as modeling or dancing. Some are forced to sell sex by their parents or
other family members (Polaris). Any suspicion such as workers staying long hour shifts, having
really low pay, the person in charge doesnt look like they should be in charge of a store or
strange things happening should be reported to avoid any more victims of sex trafficking.
Victims of Human trafficking go through many tragic situations. They are at times abused
and hit when they refuse to do what the person in charge asks to be done. Victims are obligated
to participate in sex videos and then sold to the public Children under the age of 18 induced into
commercial sex. Adults (aged 18 or over) inducted into commercial sex through force, fraud, or


coercion. Children and adults induced to perform labor or services through, fraud, or coercion
(Polaris). These victims are held in extremely poor living situations, where the dont have beds to
sleep in and hardly any food is provided for them to eat. When victims are captured by Sex
traffickers they are sent to different countries. Typically, the poorest countries are where victims
are sent to. Once they are sent to their locations their identities are stolen. Their traffickers may
confiscate their identification documents and money. They may not speak English. They may not
know where they are, because they have been moved frequently. They are often not allowed to
communicate with family or friends (Polaris). These victims are just like any other person and
shouldnt be treated like animals.
Just like any tragic event there are many consequences after it. Many victims from sex
trafficking are left emotionally damaged and will have to go to therapy for a long period of time
to recuperate from the event. These victims are not only physically abused during Sex trafficking
but emotionally damaged. Many victims come out not knowing who they are, or where they
come from. This type of physical and sexual abuse leads to severe mental or emotional health
consequences, including feelings of severe guilt, post-traumatic stress disorder, depression,
anxiety, substance abuse (alcohol or narcotics) and eating disorders. In extreme cases, the mental
anguish can lead to self-mutilation or suicide. Victims of trafficking often need psychological
care as part of standard medical treatment (The Advocates for Human Rights).
Women who are sold for sex trafficking sleep with many different men from all ages, and
their company is paid for and usually the women are not. Many of the women that participated in
sex trafficking are often infected with sexual transmitted diseases such as HIV and other deadly
disease. Women who work in the commercial sex trade are vulnerable to sexual and
reproductive health complications, including sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) (most notably


HIV/AIDS) and other gynecological problems (The Advocates for Human Rights). Women are
usually immediately treated after being victims, and there many resource programs that help and
donate to these causes.
Of course there has to be a root to this issue and why it continues to occur in the United
States. Just like many things money is root for much evil and that is the main reason why Human
Trafficking occurs. Sex Traffickers earn thousands of dollars for selling just one human being.
Human trafficking is the third most profitable business for organized crime; the first and second
are drug and arms trafficking (Homes). Other sex traffickers use women just for pleasure and
entertainment too see them suffer, and that usually occurs when it comes from relationships
whether it be with boyfriends/girlfriends or family members. Sex traffickers promise the victims
pay for what they are going to do, but most of the time they get very little of their income or
none at all. Which doesnt allow them to provide anything for themselves.
The United States is a huge place where this occurs whether it be where victims are
capture or imported. But around the world this cause is happening as well and income continues
to come in to those organizations. Human trafficking takes place in every country and it
generates tens of billions of dollars of profit each year (Bravo). Trafficking has become an
everyday thing, it is said that one out of the 3 teenagers that walk outside their house are
captured and used for sex trafficking. Childrens are a huge factor for this cause because being so
young is one of the human beings that are a lot easier to sell. People that buy these victims are
willing to pay much more money for teens especially women in the age ranges of 10-18. The
International Labor Organization estimates that women and girls represent the largest share of
forced labor victims with 11.4 million trafficked victims (55%) compared to 9.5 million (45%)


Finding a solution to this issues can be very hard do to the fact that this slavery is going
on across the entire world. The United States itself is working really hard to try to stop this
issues. They have many different organizations that people can volunteer to raise money to stop
the cause. There are also departments that are in charge of searching for human trafficking The
U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is responsible for investigating human trafficking,
arresting traffickers and protecting victims. DHS initiates hundreds of investigations and makes
numerous arrests every year, using a victim-centered approach (Homeland Security). Just like
The DHS there is also many other programs like Clearwater Area Task Force on Human
Trafficking. They are in charge of receiving victims, providing and investigating their case.
Furthermore, there is also the National Human Trafficking Resource Center who contains
a phone line that is open 24/7 for anyone to call that suspects any type of suspicious activity.
Student and professors can also take action in stopping this issue. Students can establish or join a
club to raise awareness about human trafficking and initiate actions through their own
communities. Professors can also help by requesting that Human trafficking is a topic that is
included in the universities curriculum. Hospitals also have a huge part in treating victims whom
have gone through human trafficking. Of course money is always a huge issue, so medical
providers can help my extending low cost or even allow free services to these victims. As well as
training their staff on how to assist these victims. Every person that help counts and can make a
huge impact on helping and hopefully stopping this tragic event.
To conclude Human Trafficking is a huge issue and will continue to be a huge issue
across the country unless stopped. Being more aware of your surroundings is a huge factor and
can go a long way. These women kids and even men are human and have all the right to live like
any other and should be helped and treated. The money giving for each human has decreased


since the 40s and hopefully will continue to do so. Everyone deserves their right to freedom, and
no one deserve to be captured and treated like an animal.

Works Cited

Bravo, Karen E. "Interrogating The State's Role In Human Trafficking." Indiana International &
Comparative Law Review 25.1 (2015): 9-31. Academic Search Complete. Web. 28 Nov. 2015.

Butler, Cheryl Nelson. "The Racial Roots Of Human Trafficking." UCLA Law Review 62.6 (2015):
1464-1514. Academic Search Complete. Web. 30 Nov. 201
"Health Consequences of Trafficking." The Advocates for Human Rights. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2015.
"Home." Allies Against Slavery. Central Texas Coalition Against Human Trafficking, n.d. Web. 28 Nov.
"Human Trafficking In The U.S." - Salem-News.Com. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2015.
Lange, Andrea. "Research Note: Challenges Of Identifying Female Human Trafficking Victims Using A
National 1-800 Call Center." Trends In Organized Crime 14.1 (2011): 47-55. Academic Search
Complete. Web. 28 Nov. 2015.
"National Human Trafficking Resource Center." National Human Trafficking Resource Center. Polaris,
n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2015.
"Timeline of Human Trafficking." Human Trafficking Timeline. Patricia Yong, n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2015.