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Will Walker
UWRT 1102

Holocaust Justice: A Research Review

Holocaust justice is a broad topic that encompasses many organizations, individuals and a
variety of complex issues regarding the pursuit, capture and prosecution of Nazi war criminals. A
large number of perpetrators were tried shortly after the end of WWII in a series of military
tribunals. The most recognizable of these Tribunals were held in Nuremburg Germany. Once a
Nazi member was convicted they were faced with imprisonment or execution depending on the
severity of the crime. The issue with seeking justice for the Holocaust is that a large number of
Nazis fled after the war and went into hiding. Various groups such as the OSS (Office of
Strategic Services) and freelance Nazi hunters like Simon Wiesenthal held the burden of finding
the fugitives. The difficulty of this task grew as time passed and the attention of western nations
turned to the USSR and the cold war.
As I have researched the question of how and if that justice was served I have come
across many interesting articles and accounts from various sources. Two of these sources have
caught my attention in that they offer a specific piece of the overall puzzle of Holocaust Justice.
The first source is an article written by Matt Rojansky an editor of the Harvard International
Review. It takes a critical look into lack of political cooperation in prosecuting former holocaust

most importantly it allows for other issues to arise that further push Holocaust justice to the back burner. This was the result of a combination of factors mostly related to complex jurisdiction laws that tied the hands of people seeking justice.Walker 1 perpetrators. The main point of the article explains the lack of cooperation between western nations in the finding and prosecution of war criminals. It seems as though that “Time is our biggest enemy” is a simple statement and that common sense would lead you to believe the passing of time would cause trouble. Obstruction and Delay Matt Rojansky in the article Obstruction and Delay highlights some of the difficulties of finding and prosecuting Nazi fugitives. The article starts by describing how many Nazi officers disbanded and fled to various places around the world after the war. . These are the issues that justice seekers had to face and as more time passed they undoubtable got worse. That sentiment carries a lot of weight especially coming from a director of an intelligence type agency. it causes funding to be reallocated and key personnel to be lost. These fugitives went through great lengths to stay under the radar of Nazi hunters and state sponsored intelligence agencies. The presence of time in the issue of finding holocaust war criminals is important because it causes problems in a variety of ways. In his article Rojansky quotes a former OSI (Office of Special Investigation) director saying that “Time is the biggest enemy” when tasked with finding former holocaust perpetrators. is a New York Times article featuring Simon Wiesenthal a freelance Nazi Hunter credited with tracking down highly sought after Nazi war criminals. These nations adopted a habit of simply deporting these perpetrators instead of actually prosecuting them. The second. Truthfully one must give that serious thought to understand the depth of that statement. The passing of time can cause the breadcrumbs of Nazis on the run to fade.

Rojansky says “Director Allan A. The article goes on to include some biographical information about Wiesenthal and general descriptions of the technical aspects of how he is able to find Nazis on the run. once place at 10.000 the number of Nazi war criminals and collaborators who may have entered the United States after World War II” I found this to be astounding. the church through its forgiveness.” That struck me as a clear explanation of why men like Wiesenthal do what they do. Ryan Jr.000 thousand Jewish souls. and the homes through its denials or silence of parents. Wiesenthal was a Holocaust survivor who dedicated his life to finding Nazis who had fled justice. rather he says. As an American citizen it is easy to imagine a Nazi fugitive laying under the radar in a small European country or somewhere in Latin America but never in our own backyard. It’s to educate and to commemorate so that such . The New York Times Article states that “He(Wiesenthal) denies that revenge is his chief motive. It could be compared to finding a needle in a hay stack when the needle is actively trying to hide from you. it is to teach a new generation” Wiesenthal would go on to be directly quoted saying that “The schools will fail through its silence. I think that the statement really tells the story of how large of a task that finding these criminals is. It pertains to the prevalence of Nazi fugitives in the United States. Relentless Nazi Hunter: Simon Wiesenthal The second article is interesting because it is a New York Times article from 1967 featuring Simon Wiesenthal after he helped track down a former Nazi who was responsible for the death of nearly 700. Wiesenthal estimates that he has been directly involved in the capture of over 800 Nazis.Walker 1 A second quote from Obstruction and Delay is one that is both surprising and concerning.

The statement concerns the means and conditions in which Wiesenthal runs his operation. The New York Times takes the opposite approach. Another statement from the New York Times article that I found very useful is on Wiesenthal’s work as a Nazi hunter. I can also draw comparisons to a similar quote in the Matt Rojansky article. it takes a much more focused look at one man and his contributions to Holocaust justice. “Those who allow the appalling crimes of some of history’s greatest villains to go unpunished inevitably proclaim the irrelevance of their deeds to the modern world… To forget the horrors perpetrated by human beings upon each other during the holocaust is thus to walk blindly into their repetition.”(Rojansky) That sentiment seems to be a trend. While the two sources are different in the larger picture. In Obstruction and Delay. I also believe it is that determination that makes men and women who are similar to Wiesenthal so special. when the desire for revenge would be understandable the men and women who are seeking justice so there will never be another tragedy such as the Holocaust.Walker 1 atrocities are never committed again. contributed by Austrian Jews.” The article would state that he relied heavily on a large selection of dossiers and a mostly unanimous network of informers. They lack the resources and training of an intelligence agent however their drive to see justice leads them to success. It is a truly inspiring part of Holocaust history. That information on Wiesenthal’s methods is instrumental in illustrating the determination and resourcefulness that the Nazi hunters exhibit. The article says “He operates from a modest two-room offices with only a secretary and a $400-a-month budget. Conclusion The articles from Rojansky and the New York Times attack the question of Holocaust Justice in two different ways. Rojansky takes a broader look at the whole picture of the finding and prosecuting of Nazi war criminals. they carry similar .

Web. At this point. 1967. That instantly had me wanting to ask questions.Walker 1 undertones that echo the message that the job isn’t done yet. Matt. "Obstruction and Delay. These articles show that the men and women still seeking punishment for war crimes that are decades old not only for Justices sake." Harvard International Review 22 June 2000. Peer Review JTs Research review paper looked to be on track to be a very good paper. Rojansky. Works Cited "Relentess Nazi-Hunter Simon Wiesethal. Print. I feel good about the direction of his writing." New York Times 3 Mar. but so that there will never be another Holocaust type event. The most interesting thing I found was his inquiry topic in its self. From what I can tell he followed MLA format correctly. I liked the straight forward approach JT uses in his writing and it serve my personal reading needs. . Even in the early stages of his paper he had two sources and showed some dialoguing with the material. Im sure PTSD was a major problem for the victims and it was during a time in which very little was known about PTSD.

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