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Tendencias actuales

de las
neurociencias cognitivas

ERRNVPHGLFRVRUJ

EL LIBRO MUERE CUANDO LO FOTOCOPIA


EL LIBRO MUERE CUANDO LO FOTOCOPIA
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Tendencias actuales
de las
neurociencias cognitivas
2 edicin

Dra. Esmeralda Matute


Directora del Instituto de Neurociencias-CUCBA
Universidad de Guadalajara
Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mxico

ERRNVPHGLFRVRUJ
Editor Responsable:
Lic. Santiago Viveros Fuentes
Editorial El Manual Moderno

Tendencias actuales de las neurociencias cognitivas,


2a. edicin
D.R. 2012 por Editorial El Manual Moderno, S.A. de C.V.
ISBN: 978-607-448-273-7
ISBN: 978-607-448-274-4 Versin electrnica

Miembro de la Cmara Nacional


de la Industria Editorial Mexicana, Reg. nm. 39

Todos los derechos reservados. Ninguna parte de


esta publicacin puede ser reproducida, almacenada
en sistema alguno o transmitida por otro medio
electrnico, mecnico, fotocopiador, etctera
sin permiso previo por escrito de la Editorial.

Tendencias actuales de las neurociencias cognitivas / Esmeralda Matute


[y ocho ms]. -- 2 edicin. - - Mxico : Editorial El Manual Moderno, 2012.
xii , 120 pginas : ilustraciones ; 23 cm.
Incluye ndice
ISBN 978-607-448-273-7
ISBN 978-607-448-274-4 (versin electrnica)
1. Neurociencias cognoscitivas. 2. Neuropsicologa. 3. Cerebro
Fisiologa. I. Matute, Esmeralda.
612.82-scdd21

Biblioteca Nacional de Mxico

Director editorial y de produccin:


Dr. Jos Luis Morales Saavedra
Editora asociada:
LCC Tania Uriza Gmez
Diseo de portada:
LCS Adriana Durn Arce

Contenido

Colaboradores .......................................................................................................................vi
Prefacio de la segunda edicin........................................................................................vii
Esmeralda Matute
Prefacio de la primera edicin ..........................................................................................ix
Esmeralda Matute

Captulo1. Cmo procesa el cerebro las caras?...........................................................1


Francisco Lopera, Mara Antonieta Bobes y Mitchell Valds-Sosa
Captulo 2. Bases neurales del procesamiento musical ...........................................11
Julieta Ramos Loyo
Captulo 3. Neuropsicologa y neurofisiologa de las ensoaciones ...................33
Mara Corsi Cabrera
Captulo 4. Accin de las drogas en el cerebro..........................................................51
Olga Inozemtseva y Jorge Jurez
Captulo 5. Psicobiologa del procesamiento emocional ........................................65
Julieta Ramos Loyo
Captulo 6. Desarrollo neuropsicolgico y maduracin cerebral .........................87
Mnica Rosselli y Esmeralda Matute
Captulo 7. Bases biolgicas y desarrollo de la Funcin ejecutiva .....................101
Esmeralda Matute y Mnica Rosselli
ndice ....................................................................................................................................116

Colaboradores

Mara Antonieta Bobes


Centro de Neurociencias
Cuba
antonieta@cneuro.edu.cu
Captulo 1

Esmeralda Matute
Instituto de Neurociencias-CUCBA
Universidad de Guadalajara
Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mxico
ematute@cencar.udg.mx
Captulos 6, 7 y prefacio

Mara Corsi-Cabrera
Laboratorio de Sueo
Facultad de Psicologa, Posgrado
Universidad Nacional Autnoma
de Mxico
Mxico, D.F., Mxico
corsi@servidor.unam.mx
Captulo 3

Julieta Ramos Loyo


Instituto de Neurociencias
CUCBA
Universidad de Guadalajara
Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mxico
jramos@cencar.udg.mx
Captulos 2 y 5

Olga Inozemtseva
Instituto de Neurociencias-CUCBA
Universidad de Guadalajara
Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mxico
oinozem@yahoo.com
Captulo 4

Mnica Rosselli
Departamento de Psicologa
Florida Atlantic University
Davie, Florida, EUA
mrossell@fau.edu
Captulos 6 y 7

Jorge Jurez
Instituto de Neurociencias-CUCBA
Universidad de Guadalajara
Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mxico
jjuarez@cencar.udg.mx
Captulo 4

Mitchell Valds-Sosa
Centro de Neurociencias
Cuba
mitchell@cneuro.edu.cu
Captulo 1

Francisco Lopera
Grupo de Neurociencias
Universidad de Antioquia
Medelln, Colombia
flopera@une.net.co
Captulo 1

vi

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A
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Actividad(es)
# # !''
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    !'J
V /0!`J
campo de neuropsicologa
!`'
caractersticas cognitivas, 61
  5  !`J
papel del funcionamiento
cognitivo en, 61
Agnosia, 1
visual del desarrollo, 6
V%    !'3
V% !``!jj
Akinetopsia, 1
V%# !'N!``!jL!RL
V%# F4 !'I
V"   %  !J
Alexitimia, 68
V  % !NJ
V#%  !R!'I!'3!N3!jN
V  !3!L3
semntica para caras, 5
Amor, 66
V  !'3
  !'3
 %  !'3
 !'3
 F"
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  !'3
V % !jN
Anlisis
 K% !'
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visual de rostros desconoci!3
Anfetaminas, 56
Anomia para nombres propios, 5
V  !RL
V
  % 5!3

V
# !JI3
V
 "   !'3
V
 4 5!`N
de caras, 5
de nuevas caras, 6
musical, 11

  !'j
rea(s)
 
  !J3
cerebral, 1
* !3!JN
 
 !''
fusiforme,
en tratamiento de caras, 5
 
dad del, 5
%    !N3
V # !JJ!J'!J3
V!jJ!j3
V # !L`
V      !L3
V    !j'
Autoreceptores, 55
V ]" !'J
Axones, 88
C
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  !J
  !j
  !j


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&  /0
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 w 5!JR
gliales, 18, 89
nerviosas, 88
& 
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Cerebelo, 18
Cerebro
   % !45
activacin relacionada con
movimientos oculares, 43
actividad coherente, 39

actividad magnetoencefa

atona, 36
del sueo MOR, 44
desbalance entre neuromoduladores, 45
durante el sueo, 37
    

organizacin funcional del, 46
reactividad, 36
sistema cerrado, 45
& >F% !JI3
&# % !J3!'3
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&   /&0!JJ'
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 !NJ!Nj
 
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compulsiva repetitiva, 59
comunicativas no verbales, 16
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motivadoras de la, 11
propositiva, 101
&    % !'j
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116

ndice
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& 
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D
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Disgrafas, 91
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efectos,
euforizantes, 55
%  !NN
mecanismos y sitios de ac !N'
   !Nj
E
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+ /0!`N!``!RL
bsicas, 67
desagradables, 11
displacenteras, 22
experimentadas, 21
faciales, 76
patrn de desarrollo de, 68
placenteras, 11, 12, 22
teora biolgica de, 66
va de reconocimiento visual
de, 69
Empata, 80
+   !NL
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monoamino oxidasa, 56
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verbal, 13, 95
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  !JJI
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117

Tendencias actuales de las neurociencias cognitivas


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no declarativa, 95
operativa, 106
secundaria, 95
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de Breen, Caine y Colhart, 9
de Bruce and Young, 2
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 % 5% 
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procesamiento emocional
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procesos cognitivo-emocio !'3
sobre procesos,
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infantil, 91
  
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%!LL
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 4!L
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!L
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de, 11
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4   !JJ!J3!JR!'L
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 !jL
 F
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Potenciales pontogenculo
 !3L
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bottom-up, 15
emocional, 65
psicobiologa del, 65
musical, 11
top-down, 15
Proceso(s)
%    !'N
de reconocimiento facial, 5
 F!'J
 
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musical, 18

ndice
     !RR
 !J'

%  !J!3!`R


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tpica del desarrollo, 6

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 % !N3
%   % !N3
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&   } 5 
de Wisconsin, 109
] 4 !JJJ
 %  !'L
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de reconocimiento de ocho

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%# !Rj
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Reconocimiento
de identidad, 9
emocional, 66
encubierto de familiaridad, 9
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% /0
cerebral responsable, 1
  !L
inferomedial, 5

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orbitofrontal, 8

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Registro magnetoencefalogr!J3
Reglas
  # !J'
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%    !jR!JI'
Relaciones cerebro-comporta !Rj
Resonancia
 %    /?0!RL

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Respuesta
 !j

galvnica, 8
 
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Ritmo, 11, 12, 14
Rostro(s), 2
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invertidos, 6
S
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de Capgras, 8
de dependencia, 59
  !JI3
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afectivo, 8
auditivo, 18
   
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estructuras que participan
en, 81
5 !JI`
emocional afectiv, 8
#!'3!72
meso-lmbico-cortical, 54
motor, 18
nervioso (SNC),
  !'N!N'!`N!Rj
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visual, 18
Sonidos
% 4 !J'
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caractersticas neurocogni !LL
con movimientos oculares
K
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manifestaciones conductua!L`
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no son exclusivos de ninguna

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Sustancia(s)
  
%!Nj
abuso y dependencia de, 51
 
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desarrollo de la conducta
adictiva, 58
ilegales, 51
ilcitas, 51
qumicas naturales, 89
T
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de marcadores somticos, 60
neuroadaptativa, 60
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 57
de Fisher para, 42

119

Esta obra ha sido publicada por


Editorial El Manual Moderno, S.A. de C.V.,
se han terminado los trabajos de esta
segunda edicin el 19 de octubre de 2012
en los talleres de Fuentes Impresores, S.A. de C.V.,
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Mxico, D. F.

2a edicin, 2012