Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 14

2820104

* *
2009/6/21:
2009/10/1:




.

. 0.65%C , 0.5%C , 0.35%C , 0.2%C , 0.05%C
4 6 8
.

.


.
: .

Study of The Effect of Carbon Contents on The Corrosion


Rate of Carbon Steels
Abstract
The Plain-Carbon steel are considered as one of the most common
metallic materials used in engineering and industrial applications due to its ability
in altering the micro-structures and mechanical properties as the result of carbon
content. These alterations have direct effect on the corrosion rate of steel by
building up galvanic corrosion cells between its microscopic phases. The effect of
carbon content on the corrosion resistance of Hypo-eutectoid plain carbon steels
having different carbon contents such as 0.05%C , 0.2%C , 0.35%C , 0.5%C , and
0.65%C have been studied using three testing durations which are 4 weeks, 6
weeks, and 8 weeks and different corrosion environments such as atmosphere,
fresh water, and salt water. The aim of the present work is to obtain the effect of
carbon content on the corrosion resistance of steels in different corrosion medium
by using the weight loss technique as a function of the corrosion resistance. The
results, which have been obtained during this work show that a correlation can be
made between corrosion rates and steels carbon content, and the corrosion
resistance decreases with the increase in carbon content.

:

"
"
" .

) (Corrosion "

" "

* , /
94

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com

2820104





] . [2][1







.








] .[3






) (Phases


) (Ferrite
) (Cementite

) (Single Phase





) (Cathode
) (Anode

) (Pearlite
.
)(Grains

)(Grain Boundary
)( )( .






].[5] [4

:

(1
: )[5](Wadullah2006

) (steel CK45

) (steel CK60


.

) Batis2005 [6](Rakanta



) (0.08 % C
) (0.3 % C


) (0.08 % C
.

) Raja2002 Baligidad[7](Shankar


) (0.05 % C) (0.14 % C
) (0.5 % C
) (%5


.
) Tomlinson1983 [8]( Giles




0.79%C

95

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com

2820104

(2
) (gm/cm2

.

(3

:
) [5](Wadullah2006




.
) Corvo 2005 [9]( Minotas



) (Cl-

.

) Nakkuntod1999 (Chotimongkol
] [10) Chikh2005 [11](Dermaj
) Yunping 2002 [12]( Zhaohui

) (Time of wetness





.

.[13] ISO9223

(4
:

)[5](Wadullah2006


(5


.
:
:

(1
:
.1

) (1
)% C 0.2 % C 0.05 % C
0.5 % C 0.35 .(0.65 % C
.2 .
.3
).(Electric Muffle furnace
.4
.(60*30 *25 )cm
.5 ) (HCl
) (10%
.
.6 ) .(10-4
.7 .
(2
:

)0.35 %C 0.2%C 0.05 %C
(0.65 %C 0.5%C
)(0.6 5%C0.5%C0.05 %C
)mm
.(30 *21.4 *5
) (0.35 %C 0.2 %C
) (14.3 mm
) (5 mm


) .(3210 mm 2
) (9

).(1

) (Grinding

[13](Rosales
Vera
) 2002
) [14](John1994)[15](Huang2000

) Wall2005 [16]( Missert



96

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com

2820104

.
) (2 mm

) (Original Weight
.
:
(3

) (Normalising

)(Ferrite
) (Pearlite






) (Decarburising
. ) (2
)(Normalising

.
:
(4

) (Normalised
) (Grinding
) (Polishing
) (Etching

) .(1
:
(5

2008
-:
)-: (Atmosphere

.1



) (3

.

.2 )-: (Fresh Water



.3
) (4


.
.4 ) -: (Salt Water


)(MgCl2
) (3%


.
3%
12%
. [12]NACE
) (5

.
(6 :
-:
.1 : ) (4
) (672.
.2 : ) (6
) (1008.
.3 : ) (8
) (1344.
:
(7



) (



.
)(Final Weight
)(Weight Loss


)(Corrosion Rate
].[ 17,5,4,3,2
97

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com

2820104

K W
A t




) (Pearlite

.
)(Frrite
)(Cathode

) (Cementite
) (Anode


) (Cathode )(Anode
].[5


) (Pearlite
.

(2
:


) ( 4 3 2

.





.
) (Cl-

] [1][9

)(MgCl2
)(Cl-

) (Cl-




) .(Cl-

= mpy

-:
) :(mpy
).(mils per year
6
) :(K 3.45*10
)(mpy
) :(W
).(g
) :( t ).(hr
) :( ).(g / cm3
) :(A
).(cm2
:
"

"





:

(1
:


) ( 7 6 5 4 3 2





) (0.05 %C

) (0.65 %C
) %C , 0.2 %C
(0.5 %C , 0.35

.

98

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com

2820104


(3







(4

].[12

(5
:


) ( 7 6 5




) (4

) (8 .




:
.1




] .[12
) (W/t

] [13


] .[18] [5
.2




) (


] .[19, 2
.3 ) (PH

.4 ) (PH

) (PH<6

) (PH=7
) (PH >8

)(PH<4



)(OH-


].[2
.5










.
:
(1


.
(2

.
(3





.
99

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com

2010428

Corrosion
of
0.79C
Steel
Tempered in the Range 100 700
?C", Journal of Corrosion Science,
Vol. 23 , pp. 13531359, (1983).
[9]-Corvo F., and Minotas J.,
"Changes
in
Atmospheric
Corrosion Rate Caused by Chloric
Ions Depending on Rain Regime",

:
[1]-Al-Abdullatif Mohammed O.
M. "Design And Optimization Of
Cathodic Protection Systems Used
In Prevention Of Pipelines
Corrosion", PhD. Dissertation.
College Of Engineering , Chemical
Engineering Department, King

Journal of Corrosion Science, Vol.


47, pp. 883 892, (2005).
[10]-Chotimongkol
L.,
and
Nakkuntod R., "Atmospheric
Corrosion of Metallic Building
Materials in Thailand" University
of Thailand, Thailand, pp. 16-55,
(1999).
[11]- Chikh Z. A. , Dermaj A., and
Chebabe D., "Electrochemical and
Analytical Study of Corrosion
Inhibition on Carbon Steel in HCI
Medium" , Journal of Corrosion
Science, Vol. 47, pp. 447 459,
(2005).
1. Yunping X., and Zhaohui X.,
"Corrosion Effect of Magnesium
Chloride and Sodium Chloride
on Automobile Components",
University of Colorado, U. S. A.,
Report No. CDOT DTD
R2004 4, pp 34-39 ,(2002).
2. Vera R., and Rosales B. M. ,
"Effect of The Exposure Angle
in The Corrosion Rate of Plain
Carbon Steel in a Marine
Atmosphere",
Journal
of
Corrosion Science ,Vol. 45, pp.
321 337, (2002).
3. John F. K. , "Corrosion Control
and
Treatment
Manual",
Kennedy Space Center, Revision
C TM 584 C / Florida, U. S.
A. , pp. 584. ,(1994).
4. Huang
R.
T.
"Corrosion
Protection of Carago Tanks",
Cheveron Shipping Company,

Saud University, Kingdom Of


Saudi Arabia , pp. 21-35, (2007)
[2]-Winston R. , Uhlig's Corrosion
Handbook, John Wiley & Sons,
Inc., Canada, pp.100-125 ,(2000)
[3]-William D., and Callister Jr. ,
Fundamentals of Materials Science
and Engineering, John Wiley &
Sons, Inc., U. S. A. , pp. 205-234,
(2001).
[4]-Trethewey K. R., "Corrosion
Science and Engineering", 2nd
Edition,
Wesley
Longman
Limited, London, U. K. pp. 60-65,
(1996).
[5]-Wadullah H. Mohamed., "
Influence Of Heat Treatments on
The Corrosion Resistance of PlainCarbon Steels", Msc. Dissertation.
College
of
Engineering.
Department
of
Mechanical
Engineering , University Of Mosul
, Iraq. , pp. 16-55, (2006)
[6]-Batis G., and Rakanta E.,
"Corrosion of Steel Reinforcement
Due to Atmospheric Pollution",
Journal of Cement and Concrete
Composite, Vol. 27, pp. 269 275,
(2005).
[7]-Raja V. S. Baligidad R. G. ,
and Shankar Rao V., "Effect of
Carbon on Corrosion Behavior of
Fe3 Al Intermetallics in 0.5 N
Sulphuric Acid", Journal of
Corrosion Science, Vol. 33, pp.
521 533, (2002).
[8]-Tomlinson W. J., and Giles K.,
"The
Microstructures
and

100

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com

2010428

[9]-Choi K. Y., and Kim S. S.,


"Morphological Analysis and
Classification of Types of Surface
Corrosion Damage by Digital
Image Processing", Journal of
Corrosion Science, Vol. 47,
pp.
1 15, (2005).
[10]-Stephen C. D. , "Galvanic
Corrosion",
University
of
Delaware, U. S. A. , pp 54- 59,
(2003)

Tokyo, Japan, pp. 883 892 ,


(2000).
[11]-Wall F. D., Martinez M. A.,
and Missert N. A., "Characterizing
Corrosion
Behavior
Under
Atmospheric Conditions Using
Electrochemical
Techniques",
Journal of Corrosion Science, Vol.
47, pp. 17 32, (2005).
[12]- Roger H., "The Prevention of
Corrosion on Structure Steelwork",
Construction and Industrial Center,
U. S. A., pp. 8o-88, (2001).

101

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com

2820104

) (1 .
)Composition (%

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.003 0.0

0.37 0.21 0.17 0.06 0.003

Steel 4
Steel 5

0.013 0.003 0.0

0.07 0.08 0.09 0.096 0.099

0.0

Steel 3

0.0

0.159 0.12 0.09 0.07 0.04

0.008 0.012 0.02 0.022 0.005

0.01 0.021 0.028 0.03 0.04

0.67 0.56 0.44 0.39 0.12

0.28 0.26 0.23 0.19 0.07

Bal.

0.05

Bal.

0.2

Bal.

Steel 2

0.35

Bal.

Steel 1

0. 5

Bal.

Mo

Cr

Mn

Si

0.65

Fe

Cu

Ni

TYPE

) :(2 .
Normalising
)Temp.(min

Soaking Temp.
)(C

Carbon content

30

910

0.05 % C

30

890

0.2 % C

30

860

0.35 % C

30

820

0.5 % C

30

800

0.65 % C

) (3 .
Exposure Time
)(Week

Average
Temperature
)(0C
6.3

79

6.9

75

86.4

80

94

Relatively
)Humidity (%

Total Rainfall
)(mm
88

102

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com

2010428

.( 4 )
ppm
( / )
140
54
17
71
0.0
131
131
Silicate
0.5 Ds / m
7.3
250
8.0

Properties
Total Disserved Solids
Calcium(Ca+2)
Magnesium(Mg+2)
Total Hardness
Phenolphthalein Alkalinity
Methyl Orange Alkalinity
Sulphates(SO4-2)
Silica(SiO3)
Electrical Conductivity(EC)
pH
Chlorides(Cl-)
Dissolve Oxygen

. ( 5)
ppm
( / )
3% wt.
140
54
17
71
0.0
131
131
Silicate
0.5 Ds / m
7.3
250
8.0

Properties
Magnesium Chloride(MgCl2)
Total Disserved Solids
Calcium(Ca+2)
Magnesium(Mg+2)
Total Hardness
Phenolphthalein Alkalinity
Methyl Orange Alkalinity
Sulphates(SO4-2)
Silica(SiO3)
Electrical Conductivity(EC)
pH
Chlorides(Cl-)
Dissolve Oxygen

103

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com

2820104

Ferrite

Pearlite

Ferrite

Pearlite

)b

Pearlite

)a

Pearlite

Ferrite

Ferrite

)c

)d
Ferrite

Pearlite

)e
) (1 ) (X 320
(c )( 0.35 C%
(a ) (b ( 0.05 C % )( 0.2 C%
(d ) (e ( 0.5 C% )( 0.65 C%

104

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com

2820104

Salt Water

Atmosphere

Fresh Water

4
3
2

)Corrosion Rate (mpy

1
0
0,6

0,7

0,5

0,4

0,2

0,3

0,1

% Carbon

) : (2
Salt Water

Atmosphere

Fresh Water

4
3
2

)Corrosion Rate (mpy

1
0
0.7

0.6

0.5

0.4

0.2

0.3

0.1

% Carbon

) : (3

105

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com

2820104

Salt Water

Atmosphere

Fresh Water

4
3
2

)Corrosion Rate (mpy

1
0
0.7

0.6

0.5

0.4

0.2

0.3

0.1

% Carbon

) : (4

8 weeks

4 weeks

6 weeks

4
3
2

)Corrosion Rate (mpy

1
0
0.7

0.6

0.4
0.5
% Carbon

0.2

0.3

0.1

) : (5 .
106

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com

2820104

8 weeks

4 weeks

6 weeks

6
5

3
2

)Corrosion Rate (mpy

1
0
0.7

0.5

0.6

0.4

0.2

0.3

0.1

% Carbon

) : (6 .

8 weeks

4 weeks

6 weeks

4
3
2

)Corrosion Rate (mpy

1
0
0.7

0.6

0.5

0.4

0.3

0.2

0.1

% Carbon

) : (7 .

107

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com