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THE

CRIMINAL JUSTICE
SYSTEM By Stephanie Sous

Why a system was


put in place?
To deal with societys
problems
Punishment for crimes
Protect cities
Provide order

History of the
Criminal Justice
System
Criminal Justice emerged in ancient china and premodern Europe; eventually coming to Colonial
America
Communities saw the need for enforcers which
came to be modern day police
In addition to jails, prisons were created, further
expanding the system
Punishments changed drastically over time

Perceptio
n of the
Criminal
Justice
System

How do members of society perceive CJS


People look to the Criminal Justice System as a foundation
of Justice
The community expects the CJS to keep criminals out of
the public
Sadly, the system has failed many, prompting feelings of
unrest

How do members of the institution perceive itself (its


own institution)
An institution put in place to punish criminals as well as
protect the community
The institution does what is best for the community

HOW HAS THE


INSTITUTION CHANGED
OVER
TIME?
What caused various changes?
The invention of modern police and creation prisons were the major changes to the CJS
Forms of punishment changed drastically in these times

Prisons were introduced to hold the more dangerous and long term
offenders.
As punishments became public, some were deemed too inhumane,
alternate punishments were imposed.

How has the institution changed over


time?

Features that have not changed


Judges deciders of criminal guilt or
innocence
Jails places of confinement for those
disrupting order within a society (leads to the
creation of prisons)
Law the creation of rules to maintain order
within a society
Legal process process of determining
criminal activity, guilt, sentencing or
punishment

TO BETTER ACCOMMODATE
SOCIETY, I WOULD YOU IMPROVE
YOUR INSTITUTION?
To better accommodate the society, I would improve the Criminal
Justice System by dealing with overpopulation first and foremost. I
would accomplish this by hiring retired judges and implementing an
immediate review of lowest offences with no priors non-aggressive
crimes and reassess those cases, a job which can be done from home
for these judges. This program could be implemented in one region,
prompting a sizable saving in taxpayer dollars that would have been
used to house prisoners, and use it toward continuing the
implementation of the program on a greater scale.

Who are the major


participants in the institution?

What are their roles


and statuses?
Judges deciders of criminal guilt or innocence
Jails places of confinement for those disrupting
order within a society (leads to the creation of prisons)
Enforcers modern day Police
Law the creation of rules to maintain order within a
society
Legal process process of determining criminal
activity, guilt, sentencing or punishment

Works better for


some members of
society (as
opposed to
others)

The Criminal Justice System benefits


society as a whole. This institution does
what is best for the masses. As with every
issue addressed in this manner, there is
someone who will not agree. These
people will find the circumstance to be
against their favor, but must work with it.
This is the system that is in place and it is
what it is. If one commits a crime they
will be punished according to the rules
that are set by this establishment.

RESOURCES

"Criminal Justice." ICTJ. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Dec. 2015. <https://www.ictj.org/our-work/transitional-justice-issues/criminaljustice>.


"Criminal Justice." Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Dec. 2015. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Criminal_justice>.
"Criminal Justice System." The United States Department of Justice. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Dec. 2015.
<http://www.justice.gov/archive/cjs/>.
"History of criminal justice." Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Dec. 2015.
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_criminal_justice>.
"How Does the Criminal Justice System Work?" Find Law. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Dec. 2015.
<http://criminal.findlaw.com/criminal-law-basics/how-does-the-criminal-justice-system-work.html>.
"List of U.S. Criminal Justice Academics." Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Dec. 2015.
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_U.S._criminal_justice_academics>.
"Outline of Criminal Justice." Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Dec. 2015.
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outline_of_criminal_justice>.
"Portal:Criminal Justice." Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Dec. 2015.
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Criminal_justice>.
"U.S. Criminal Justice System." CorrectionalOfficer.Org. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Dec. 2015.
<http://www.correctionalofficer.org/us-criminal-justice-system>.
"What Is Criminal Justice?" Learning Law. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Dec. 2015. <http://www.learninglaw.com/degrees/criminaljustice>.