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2006

Univ de Batna

Inter-States Security Dilemma

Inter-States Security
Dilemma
:

Yacine.torchi@ yahoo.fr
2006

Inter-States Security Dilemma

Inter-States Security Dilemma

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Inter-States Security Dilemma



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Security Dilemma



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05/2006

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Inter-States Security Dilemma

The

,Security Dilemma



,


,
John hartz

.1950

.((Idealis internationalism and security dilemma

)Herbert butterfiled, (History and Humain Relation-1954
.
) (
a
,(Tragdy (1 1950

,
,
,
,
,


...

)
.( Offensive- Dfensive ralism
,
alexander wendt
- ,-
.
,

,
,1993
Alan Collins, "state-induced security dilemma maintaining the tragedy". Page 27.

)(1

Inter-States Security Dilemma

" breakup and,1996


.western policy-1996) (2) (Yogoslav


.
,
structural security dilemmas
, perceptural security dilemmas
, imperialism security dilemmas
), (Snyder 1985 deep security
),.dilemmas (Jervis 2001 )
, sknotty security dilemmas,(Christensen 2002
)(1

:
Inter-state SD:


)(2
:
deterrance model:
) ( spiral model
,
, malign intention
, ,
,
.
)(2

Ibid .P 28.
Op.cit p.28.
)(2
Ibid. p.30.
)(1

Inter-States Security Dilemma

: spiral model


,
.

.

- -

,
,
,
,
.
)-(3

,
.


,
,


,
, an excalation of conflict

.

)(3

John m cotter; "cultural security dilemma and ethnic conflict in in georgia ."the journal of conflict studies
,vol,21,spring1999.

Inter-States Security Dilemma

" "
,
)(1
.
:

)The
( Security Dilemma and Ethnic Conflict
.1993 ,
, ,
,
)(2
.

,
. ,
,

,

,
,

,
,

,

,
robert jervis; "cooperation anedr security dilemma world politics vol,30.2.january 1978.
Ibid.

)(1
)(2

Inter-States Security Dilemma

,
,
)(3
.
,

, John
cotter ,

.
.

.

,
)(4
.
:
,
,
.
.
,

)(1


.
.
.
) (3

/www.geocities.com/adelzeggagh .
John cotter, op cit.
Op.cit pp29-31

10

)(4
)(1

Inter-States Security Dilemma



.
:
System Indued Security
: Dilemma

,
,

.
s Benign intention . Malign intentions

,
-
.
.
.



.

,
,

)(2
.
:
State--
: (Uncude Decurity Dilemma (3
Ibid. p 30.
Ibid.p 32.

11

)(2
)(3

Inter-States Security Dilemma


paul roe regular security
, dilemma
.. system induced


security seekrs
revisionist or
. revolution state .

) ,(
, status quo

,
,
.

prevention war preemptive
, -

)(1
.


:
.
.1


,
,
,
Robert Jervis; "Cooperation Under Security Dilemma .Op.cit .

12

)(1

Inter-States Security Dilemma

in its most vicious .


(2


) ,
, (...

,

viciou scercle

.
"
"
" when offense has the
adventage over defence attaking is the most route to
" protecting what you have
, Offensive military doctrine
.
Michael wallace % 82
.

.2


"" ,

)(2
,
states status quo
.
(

Ibid.

13

)(2

Inter-States Security Dilemma


)
(.

.



" it's very hard to
define a distinction; 'a weapan is either offencive or
deffensive according to which end of it you are looking
".at

,
.
,
s status
quo state :

.

,
.

, robert jervis
)(1
:

Robert Jervis; op.cit.

14

)(1

Inter-States Security Dilemma

Offense has
Defense has
advantage
advantage
Not Doubly dangerous Security dilemma,
Distinguishable
but
security
requirements may
be compatible
Distinguishable No security
Doubly Stable
dilemma but
aggression
possible
.
.
.
,
.

.

:
,
)the security dilemma
(...can not be obolished ,it can only ameliorated

15

Inter-States Security Dilemma

,mitigation ,
raison d'tre .
. ) ,(80 "
'' , Mature anarchy

,
)(2
.

,



,
.

confidence building measuures
,

,
.

New thinking policy


, ,
,

, .

)( (2

Andrew Butfoy: "amelionating the security dilemma, structural and perceptual approaches to
strategicreform,cambera,april 1996.

16

Inter-States Security Dilemma

,
, 1951
.
,


,
)(1
:
non offensive-deffence
:

,
,
.


) (.

1645
2




1949


1972
Nicholas Sambanis "partition as a solution to ethic conflict war" world politics,52,july2002.

17

)(1

Inter-States Security Dilemma


.

state-inced security dilemma
,

) (PRC
1649

century of shame




.







.

.

1996

-
18

Inter-States Security Dilemma

-

1997


)(1






One
china policy
(
The Three No's (2:
.No supporting for taiwanese independence No supporting for taiwanese admission to inter.organization
.No support for two chainas .1
.2

One China
,


one china .

.
.
)(1

Thomas j. Chritensen ,the contemporary security dilemma; deterring a Taiwan conflict" .the Washington
quarterly;automn2002.pp.7-19.
)(2
Allan collin.op.cit.p 39

19

Inter-States Security Dilemma

one china

.
One Country Two Systems
One
China
,
.


, 1
Shen Shun
Bian
2000
, .
.

.


,

- 1 :

.
.
.
.

20

Inter-States Security Dilemma


.


.
.
.


,
11 /

.


...

.




.


.
" ...

.
21

Inter-States Security Dilemma

,

.

:
1-Alan Collins, "state-induced security dilemma:
maintaining the tragedy"
journal of the Nordic int .studies association. vol
39(1),2004

-Andrew Butfoy, "ameliorating the security dilemma,


structural and
.
perceptual approaches to
strategicreform,cambera,april1996
-John M Cotter; "cultural security dilemma and ethnic
conflictin in geogia "the journalof conflict stadies
,vol,21,spring1999
-Nicholas Sambanis "partition as a solution to ethic
conflict war" world politics,52,july2002.
-Robert Jervis; "cooperation anedr security dilemma
world politics vol,30.2.january 1978.
22

Inter-States Security Dilemma

-Thomas j. Chritensen ,the contemporary security


dilemma; deterring a Taiwan conflict" .the Washington
quarterly;automn2002.
-Neophytos G. Loizides, Why Nationalism Succeeds or
Fails: A Boolean Test of Major Hypotheses in Greece and
Turkey , (1983-2003) . Canadian Political Science
Association Annual Conference June 1, 2003
-XIN Benjian, Faculty, Security Dilemma, Balance of
Power Vs. US Policy Towards China in the Post-Cold War
Era;
Luoyang PLA Foreign Language College

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