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EYE MCQs

1. Most widely used mydriatic in clinics is


Phenylephrine
Atropine
Scopolamine
Homatropine
Cyclopentolate
2. Intraocular pressure in acute congestive glaucoma
10-21 mm hg
22-24 mm hg
30-35 mm hg
90-100 mm hg
3. Best investigation for foreign body localization is
B scan
A scan
MRI
CT scan
X ray
4. Condition that develops in eyelid of a diabetic patient is
Stye
Chalazion

Basal cell carcinoma


Ptosis
Sqamous cell carcinoma
5. Regarding basal cell carcinoma of eyelid
Grows slowly but is painful in nature
Infiltrative in nature
Is related to diabetes mellitus
Is radiosensitive
Is related to high rate of recurrence after excision

6. Most common cause of cataract is


Smoking
Heredity
Systemic disease such as diabetes
Ageing
Toxins
7. Most common cause of failure of surgical repair for tractional
retnal detachment is
Neovascular formation
Proliferative viteroretinopathy
Infection after surgery
Hemorrhage
Retinal breaks

8. Clinical assessment of cataract progression is done through


Snellen visual acuity test
Direct ophthalmoscope
Indirect ophthalmoscope
Retinoscope
Perimetry

9. Which of the following is not the differential diagnosis of


congenital glaucoma
Megalocornea
Corneal clouding
Traumatic rupture of descements layer
Mucopolyscaccridoses
Calcification of lens
10. Snowflake or punctuate dot cataract is seen in
Trauma
Ocular contusion
After cataract surgery
Diabetes
Hyperthyroid

11. At the time of birth the eye of neonate is


Hypermetropic

Astigmatic
Myopic
Presbyopic

12. Tonometer used when corneal surface is irregular is


Schiotz tonometer
Goldman tonometer
Parkins tonometer
Pneumatic tonometer
Tono pin

13. A perimetry is used to measure


Central and peripheral fields
Visual acuity
Intra ocular pressure
Central field only
Peripheral field only

14. Characteristic findings on fundoscope of a myopic eye is


Tractional detachment
Hemorrhagic spots
Lacqer cracks
Neovascularisation

All of the above

15. Soft lenses are made up of material named

PMMA
HEMA
Silicone
Cellulose acetate
Perspex

16. Kayser fleischer ring is present in


Pigment dispersion syndrome
Traumatic hyphema
Hepatolenticular degeneration
Haemochromatosis
None of the above

17. In Marfan syndrome there is usual manifestation of

Krukenberg spindles
Hyphema
Ptosis
Ectopic lens

Cataract

18. Common treatment for posterior uveitis is


Antibiotics
Sympathomimetic
Steroids
NSAIDS
Both a and c

19. Most important infection in HIV is

CMV retinitis
Toxoplasmosis
Tuberculous uveitis
Sarcoidosis of eye
Styphlococcus infection of lid and cornea

20. Photophobia is minimal in

Staphylococcus keratitis
Adenovirus keratitis
Herpetic keratitis
Varicella zoster keratitis

Exposure keratitis

21. Rarest canalicular anomalies of lacrimal system is


Imperforate puncta
Accessory puncta
Canalicular fistula
Agenesis of canalicular system
All are common

22. Most common cause of blindness in developing countries is


Trachoma
Onchocerciasis
Xeropthalmia
Leprosy
Cataract

23. WHO safe strategy is given for

Herpes infection
Trachoma
Onchocerciasis
Adenovirus infections

24. Most common cause of chronic dacrocystitis

Haemophilus infection
Staphylococcus aureus infection
Candida infection
Nasolacrimal duct obstruction
Nasolacrimal duct stenosis

25. Keratomalacia is due to deficiency of

Vitamin A
vit b
vit c
vit d
vit e

26. Most common cause of visual impairment in old age is


Glaucoma
Cataract
Macular degeneration
Retinal detachment
Systemic disease

27. Drug that causes retinopathy due to long term usage is


Chlorthiazide
Chloroquinine
Vigabatrin
Corticosteroids
Phenothiazine

28. Hypopyon is seen in


Bacterial infection
Viral infection
Fungal infection
all of these
both a and c

29. Indication for cataract surgery

Uveitis
Glaucoma
Loss of vision
Retinal disease
Both b and c

30. Most of the refraction occurs at the site of

Anterior surface of cornea


Post surface of cornea
Lens
Aqueous humor
Vitrous humor

31. Glands present at the anterior margin of eyelid are


Zeis glands
Moll glands
Meibomian glands
All of these
Both a and b

32. Proliferative diabetic retinopathy is best treated by

Pan retinal photocoagulation


Pneumatic retinopexy
Scleral buckling
Pars plana vitrectomy
Gas tamponade

33. Success rate of scleral buckling in retinal detachment is

50%
60-65%
70-75%
80-90%
90-94%

34. Vitreous is composed mostly of


Collagen fiber matrix
Hyaluronic acid
Water
All three are in equal proportion

35. Surgical treatment for myopia with minimal complications


Clear lens extraction
Lasik
Contact lenses or spectacles
PRK (Photorefractive keratectomy)

36. Treatment for after cataract surgery consequences is


Extra capsular extraction
CO2 laser surgery
YAG laser
Argon laser

Phacoemulsification

37. Pigmented retinal scar or macular hole is seen in


Central serous chorioretinopathy
Commotion retinae
Myopic eye
Macular edema
Angioid streaks

38. Most common age related corneal degeneration is


Arcus senilis
Keratoconus
Band keratopathy
Salzmann s nodular degeneration
Droplet keratopathy

39. Large ant chamber is seen in condition


Myopia
Glaucoma
Hyperopia
Astigmatism
Presbyopia

40. Refractive index of cornea is

1
1.3
1.5
1.8
2

41. Immediate treatment of acute angle closure glaucoma is


Acetazolamide
Apraclonidine
Pilocarpine
Epinephrine
Mannitol

42. Rubeosis iridis is seen in


Central retinal vein occlusion
Central retinal artery occlusion
Hypertension
Hyperthyroidism
Glaucoma

43. Best examination for lens is with

Slit lamp only


Slit lamp and dilated pupil
Direct ophthalmoscope
Indirect ophthalmoscopy
Fundoscope

44. Most common acquired cause of cataract in young patients


Smoking
Connective tissue disorder
Trauma
Infection
Malignancy of any part of eye

45. Visual acuity of 1/60 implies that a person is


Low vision
Myopic
Hyperopic
Presbyopic
Legally blind

46. Most common type of myopia is


Axial
curvature

refractive
simple
all of these are equally frequent

47. Symptoms with which a person presents with spring catarrh


are
Severe itching ropy discharge
exudation
tearing
prearicular adenopathy
hyperemia and itching

48. Aqueous humor is


Proteineous material in ant chamber
Watery material in ant chamber
Watery material in post chamber
Connective tissue material in ant chamber

49. Purulent conjunctivitis is caused by


Gram positive cocci
Gram negative cocci
Gram positive bacilli
Gram negative bacilli

Acid fast bacteria

50. Profuse tearing occur in


Viral conjunctivitis
Bacterial
Chlamydial

51. Sore throat and fever are occasionally associated with


Viral conjunctivitis
Bacterial
Chlamydial
Allergic
Both a and b

52. Infection associated with soft contact lens using


Herpes
Staphylococcus
Acanthomameba
Fungal infection
Adenovirus

53. Characteristic finding associated with pharangioconjuctival


fever is

Non tender lymph node


Tender lymph nodes
Raspberry tongue
Tonsilitis
Purulent conjunctivitis

54. Herbert's pits are found in


Trachoma
Ectropion
Fungal keratitis
Herpetic keratitis
None of these

55. Scleral buckling is done in


Proliferative diabetic retinopathy
Retinal detachment
Retinal edema
Retinal hemorrhage
Angiod streaks

56. Regarding keratoconus


Degenerative unilateral common disease
Associated with turner syndrome

Corneal clouding and pointing of cornea are symptoms


Vogts lines are found in basements membrane
Is one of the common indications for corneal transplant

57. Regarding Salzmann s nodular degeneration


Degeneration of superficial layer occurs
Deep layer degeneration occurs
Rigid lenses have no effective role
Symptoms include itching
Fleischer s rings are visible in cornea

58. Earliest finding in diabetic retinopathy is


Micro aneurysm
Macro aneurysm
Both of above
None of above

59. Glaucoma causes


Central 30 degree field loss
Central 60 degree field loss
Peripheral 30 degree field loss
Peripheral 60 degree field loss

60. Tractional retinal detachment occur in


Diabetes
Hypertension
Carotid artery stenosis
Polycythemia
arteritis
61. Major complication of trachoma that can cause blinding is
Corneal scaring and entropion
Follicles formation
Papillary hypertrophy
Corneal scaring and ectropion
62. Ideal site for intacapasular lens transplant is
Posterior chamber
Anterior chamber
Vitreous
Aqueous humor
Both a and d are favourable
63. Most common cause of optic atrophy in young patients is
Multiple sclerosis
Tobacco and alcohol amblyopia
Drug induced optic atrophy
trauma
increased intracranial pressure

64. Most common cause of proptosis in children is


Dermoid
Sinus muccele
Meningocele
Orbital cellulitis
Retinoblastoma
65. Most common epithelial tumor of lacrimal gland is
Sq cell carcinoma
Pleomorphic adenoma
Adenoid cystic tumor
Mixed tumor
Adenosarcoma

66. The lesions to optic chiasm are most due to


Bony erosion
Pituitary gland tumors
Craniophrangioma
Hemangioma of cavernous sinus
All causes are frequent
67. Which of the following is not associated with amaurosis fuqax
(transient retinal ischemia)?
Retinal emboli
Arterial disease

Haematologic disease
Mechanical disease
Hyperthyroidism
68. Probable diagnosis of painless visual loss within period of
seconds is due to
Trauma
Retinal detachement
Macular edema
Commotio retinae
Cebtrak retinal artery occlusion
69. Reduced visual acuity in the absence of detectable anatomic
defect in the eye or visual pathway is
Ametropia
Amblyopia
Xerosis
Scotoma
Presbyopia

70. Which condition is not associated glaucoma?


Rubeosis iridis
Uveal tract melanoma
Chandler s syndrome
Uveitis

Corneal degenerative diseases


71. Cause of glaucoma in plateau iris is due to
Depth of anterior chamber is very shallow
Ant position of ciliary process
Occlusion of mesh formation
Aniridia
Lens dislocations
72. Glaucoma is more common in
Myopic persons
Astigmatic persons
Hyperopic persons
Corneal degeneration
Both a and b

73. Keratic precipitates if found are usually located in


Calots triangle
Arlt s triangle
Heislebach triangle
Mayo triangle
74. Keratorefractive surgery implies
Changing curvature of anterior eye surface
Surgery to treat myopia
Surgery to treat hyperopia

Surgery to treat glaucoma


75. Retinoblastoma is associated in some cases with
Osteoid osteoma
Osteoma
Osteosarcoma
Fibrosarcoma
Liposarcoma