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Chemplex Product

Data Book

Cement Additives

September 2011

* 325-573-7298 phone * 325-573-3340 fax*


or * 3101 Industrial * Kilgore, TX 75662 *
* 903- 986-1119 phone * 903- 983-6675 fax *
* P.O. Box 572 * 69 FM 576 West * Breckenridge, TX 76424*
* 254-559-9030 phone * 254-559-9474 fax*

Chemplex, Ltd. Return Policy


Chemplex, Ltd. sells and blends chemicals for oilfield applications. The blends are exact
specifications and supervised by trained blenders and tested by the on staff PhD Chemist.
Many blends are job specific and may not be utilized in other applications.
The liability is limited to the purchase price of the chemicals if the chemicals do not
perform to the specifications outlined by Chemplex.
The company accepts no liability for damages resulting from failure to perform due to
contamination of chemical while in purchasers possession. The use of the chemical is
beyond Chemplex control after delivery to the customer.
Restock Charges:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

15% 30 days after purchase


25% 60 days
35% 90 days
50% 180 days
Not accepted after 180 days

Thank You for your interest and use in Chemplex chemicals.

Cement Additives
C-11

High Temperature Fluid Loss/Retarder

C-12

Moderate Temperature Fluid Loss

C-15

Low Temperature Non-Retarding Fluid Loss

C-16A

Fluid Loss Additive

C-18

Wide Range Fluid Loss Additive

C-18L

Wide Range Fluid Loss Additive

C-20

Lignosulfonate Retarder (< 200F)

C-20L

Lignosulfonate Retarder (< 200F)

C-24

Lignosulfonate Retarder (>200F)

C-24L

Lignosulfonate Retarder (>200F)

C-26

CMHEC-Based Retarder

C-35

Cement Disperssant

C-37

Conventional Disperssant/Friction Reducer

C-37L

Conventional Disperssant/Friction Reducer

C-41/
C-413 



Defoamer

 Defoamer

C-42P

Defoamer

C-43/



Thixotropic Agent

C-433



Thixotropic Agent

C-44

Bonding Improver, Expansive Additive

C-45

Accelerator/Suspending Agent

Cement Additives cont.


C-47

Gas Migration Agent

C-51

Suspension Additive

C-53L

Surfactant for Diesel/Cement Slurries

C-63

Cement Spacer Mix

Silica Flour

Strength Stabilizer

Sodium Silicate
Stop Loss Spacer Product

Loss Circulation Spacer

Chemplex Plexcrete SFA

Silica Fume Alternative

Chemplex Plexcrete STE

Compressive Strength Enhancer

Plexaid Statfree

Antistatic Agent

Plexfoam C-7

Foamer for Cement

MC-500

Microfine Cement

Chemplex, Ltd.

Chemplex C Series
Cement Additives

Product Bulletin

Oil well cements are called on to perform several functions under a wide range of
conditions. The same cement crew may be called out for a surface pipe job at 60F
circulating temperature at 2:30 am and a squeeze at 310F that same afternoon. Any
single cement, alone, cannot possibly fill the requirements for both of these jobs.
However, with the proper choice of additives to change the properties of cement slurries,
one or at most two basic cements can be modified to do almost any oilfield job.
Chemplex stocks a variety of the more commonly used types of additives and has
the expertise to formulate and supply more specialized products as well. The following
descriptions of the types of cement additives and the typical performance that can be
expected from Chemplexs additives are intended only as a guide for the user. A table of
cross-references to functionally similar additives is included on page 5. We strongly
advise laboratory testing of cement slurries prepared with anyones additives, particularly
at higher temperatures. Various classes, brands, and even batches of oilwell cement can
respond very differently to many additives, and so the test results reported for individual
products will not necessarily be reproduced by any currently available cement.
The additives normally in stock are listed below with their primary functions:
Chemplex C-11
Chemplex C-12
Chemplex C-16A
Chemplex C-18, C-18L
Chemplex C-20, C-20L
Chemplex C-24, C-24L
Chemplex C-26
Chemplex C-35
Chemplex C-37, C-37L
Chemplex C-41L, C41P
Chemplex C-43P, C-43L
Chemplex C-44
Chemplex C-45
Chemplex C-47
Chemplex C-51
Chemplex C-53L
Chemplex C-63

High Temperature fluid loss/retarder


Moderate temperature fluid loss
Low temperature, non-retarding fluid loss
Wide range fluid loss
Lignosulfonate retarder for below 220F
Lignosulfonate retarder for 200F and up
CMHEC-based retarder
Cement dispersant, salt-tolerant
Conventional dispersant/friction reducer
Defoamers
Thixotropic agent
Bonding improver, expansive additive
Accelerator/suspending agent
Gas migration/fluid loss
Suspension Additive
Surfactant for diesel/cement slurries

Product bulletins on each of these products are available from your Chemplex
representative. The next few pages describe in general the functions of these types of
products.
Fluid Loss Additives
Fluid loss additives are used in oilwell cement to reduce the amount of filtrate
than can be squeezed out of the slurry under pressure. The standard lab test for fluid loss
involves placing the slurry on a fine wire screen and applying 1000-psi nitrogen pressure
for a 30-minute period. From the amount of water squeezed out, a calculation gives the
API Fluid Loss in milliliters (mL). A slurry with no fluid loss control will usually have
an API fluid loss of 1400 mL or more. For casing cementing, fluid loss values in the
100-200 mL range are often recommended, while for critical liners and some squeeze
work, slurries with values of 50 mL or even lower have been used.
Various fluid-loss additives work best in their own particular conditions. C-12
retards cement somewhat, and works best at moderate temperatures; C-11 is a fairly
strong retarder and is not normally used much below a bottom-hole circulating
temperature (BHCT) of 160F. C-18 and C-18L are non-retarding at low temperatures
and effective up to at least 300F, but being synthetic copolymers are more expensive
than the other additives.
Retarders
Retarders are used to lengthen the time a slurry remains pumpable, particularly at
higher temperatures. As a consequence of this, they also of course delay strength
development. Various retarders work best in different temperature ranges and slurry
designs to give the optimum trade-off between enough pump time and soon-enough
strength development. Chemplex offers three retarders (in addition to C-11 fluid loss
additive, which can be used as a stand-alone retarder) to fit most situations. C-20 and C24 are both based on lignosulfonates; these are proven performers, which tend to thin
most slurries. C-20 is designed for use at BHCTs up to about 210 or 220F; above this
temperature the loadings required become uneconomical. C-24 works best from about
200F to 300F or 325F; below 200F the difficulty in measuring the small loadings
needed can give erratic behavior. Both C-20 and C-24 are also available in liquid form,
indicated as C-20L and C-24L.
If temperatures above the 300-325F range are encountered, the retarding action
of C-24 can be intensified through the use %RULF$FLG, usually in a ratio of 3 parts
C-24 to one part %RULF$FLG. Pilot testing of these slurries is necessary, as various cements
have very different responses to the C-24 / %RULF$FLG mixture. With adequate lab design
work, slurries may be designed for temperatures approaching 500F.
Chemplex C-26 retarder is based on cellulose instead of lignosulfonate, and can
be used to retard cements from BHCTs of about 130 to 290F. C-26 tends to thicken
slurries, and is recommended if foamed or thixotropic cement must be retarded.
Lignosulfonate retarders tend to destabilize foamed slurries, and interfere with

thixotropy. C-26 gives some fluid loss control to slurries. It is incompatible with
calcium chloride, but may be used at low temperatures with (prehydrated!) C-45 to offset
its retarding effects.
Dispersants/Friction Reducers
Cement dispersants are used for their thinning effect on cement slurries, with two
principal applications: lowering friction pressure of normal-weight slurries or preparing
high-density cements that would normally be un-pumpably thick. Chemplex can supply
either C-35, a very efficient, salt-tolerant product, or C-37, a conventional dispersant with
no upper temperature limitations. Normal loadings of these are from about 0.3% to 1.0%,
depending on cement characteristics, for thinning normal weight slurries. Dispersants are
also used to mix heavyweight cements; Class H, for example, can be mixed at 18 lb/gal if
either that density or the resulting very high strength is needed.
Excessive amounts of any dispersant can lead to over-thinning of slurries and
excessive free water formation. When preparing densified slurries with dispersants,
higher loadings of dispersant are frequently possible without excessive free water
formation. Simple coffee cup tests can be run with particular cements to determine
optimal loadings.
Defoamers
Defoamers are almost always used in oil well cementing, not for any effect they
have on the down hole properties of the slurry, but because they make mixing much
easier. Because cement is usually blown to the mixer, it carries a lot of air with it. If this
air gets trapped during mixing, it can make the slurry thicker, make your densometer read
too light, and frequently can cause pumps to lose prime. A good defoamer will let air
escape from the mix, minimizing these problems. Chemplex offers defoamers in either
liquid or powder form. Liquid can be added to mix water or to the slurry at the point of
mixing; some cementers use a garden sprayer to add C-41L as required. C-41P dry
defoamer is normally dry-blended in cement.
Thixotropic additives
Thixotropic cement is made in such a way that it mixes and pumps fairly easily,
but gels up quickly if it is not flowing. This property can be very useful in situations
where ordinary cement falls or washes away from where it is placed- for example, in
squeezes of active water zones, or in plugs in open hole or in large casing. The old
reliable thixotropic additive is gypsum at 10-to15% of cement. Gypsum works fairly
well at low temperatures, but is hard to retard above about 140 degrees F, and can be
tricky to mix due to its gelling in dead spots in the mixing equipment. Chemplex offers
C-43 thixotropic agent, in either dry or liquid form, as an economical alternative to
gypsum but with milder acceleration than gyp. These additives give you the option of
running a thixotropic slurry on the spur of the moment, as they dont need to be dryblended like gypsum does.

Gas Migration and Bonding Additives


A variety of approaches have been used in the last 20 years or so to help with two
sometimes related problems: gas flow in the annulus after cementing and poor bond logs.
Research at major cementing companies has shown that two of the most important factors
in getting a tight, leak-free cement job are good mud removal and good fluid-loss control.
If the annulus is cleaned of mud residue, and if the cement doesnt lose its water to the
formation, the annulus will stay full of cement slurry and gas will have less opportunity
to enter. Simply pumping an adequate volume of a turbulent-flow flush and controlling
fluid loss to 100 mL or better will many times eliminate these problems.
Not all wells are cooperative, though. Some situations require more than just the
basics. Two additives that Chemplex furnishes can attack two faces of the gas
flow/bonding problem. C-44 is an additive that causes cement to expand slightly as it
sets. This expansion results in a better grip of the set cement on the pipe and formation,
so that gas cant find a flow path. C-47 additive changes the flow properties of the slurry,
making it more liquid until it is actually on the point of setting. This property lets the
slurry drain into pockets that might otherwise provide an entry point for gas. C-47 also
has a highly efficient fluid-loss additive built in, so additional fluid loss control is not
needed.

Functional Equivalents for Cement Additives


Chemplex
C-11
C-12
C-15
C-18
C-18L
C-20
C-20L
C-24
C-24 L
C-26
Boric Acid
C-35
C-37
C-37L
C-41P
C-41L, C42L
C-43
C-43L
C-44
C-45
C-47
C-51
C-53L
C-63
Sodium Silicate

Halliburton
HALAD-14
HALAD-9
HALAD 322
HALAD 600LE+
HR-4
HR 6L
HR-12
HR 12L
Diacel LWL
Component R
CFR-3
CFR-2
CFR 2L
D-Air
D Air 2
Versa Set
Versa Set L
Suber CBL
Econolite
Gas Stop
FWCA
DOC 3
Dual Spacer
FloCheck, Superflush

DS
D-60
D-59
D-127
D8
D158
D-13
D-28
D-8
D-93
D65A
D-65
D 46
D 47
D-111
Self-Stress
D-79
SOS
Mudpush
D-75, Zonelock

BJ
FL-19
FL-10
FL-50
FL-32
FL-32L
R-3
R-4
R-6
R-9
CD33
CD-31
FP 11
FP 6L
BA 29
A-2
Diesel Oil Cement
MCS-2
Sodium Silicate

Primary Function
Fluid loss control, retarder
Fluid loss control
Fluid loss control, low temp.
Fluid loss
Fluid loss
Low temp retarder
Low temp retarder
High temp retarder
High temp retarder
Moderate temp retarder
Retarder intensifier
Dispersant salt tolerant
Dispersant
Dispersant
Defoamer
Defoamer
Thixotropic agent
Thixotropic agent
Expansive agent-gas migration
Extender
Gas migration/fluid loss
Free water control
Diesel slurries
Weighted preflush/spacer
Lost circulation, preflush

Chemplex, Ltd.

Chemplex C-11
Fluid Loss Additive

Product Bulletin

GENERAL INFORMATION

RECOMMENDED USES

Chemplex C-11 is a fluid loss additive and


retarder for use in the 140-300F temperature
range. It is effective in all API classes of
cement, and is compatible with salt up to 18% by
weight of water.

Chemplex C-11 can be used in cement slurries at


typical dosages of 0.2 to 1.5 pounds per sack of
cement. It is effective in salt concentrations up
to 18%. Though C-11 shows very good
compatibility with most cement additives,
laboratory testing is advised when running
unfamiliar blends or brands of cement.
Performance of Chemplex C-11 as a retarder
in some example slurries is given in the table on
the reverse of this page. Loadings of 0.5 lb/sk
and above are typical where this product is used
for its fluid loss control properties.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Specific gravity:
Absolute volume:
Appearance:
Solubility in water:

1.33
0.0903 gal/lb
Tan powder
complete

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION

PACKAGING

Chemplex C-11 contains cellulose derivatives


and naphthalene sulfonate dispersants.

Chemplex C-11 is supplied in 50-pound lined


bags.

LIMITATIONS

AVAILABILITY

Chemplex C-11 is not compatible with calcium


chloride. Salt or Chemplex C-45 are effective
accelerators for C-11 slurries.

Chemplex C11 is available from Chemplex, Ltd.


at any of our stocking locations.
Updated 10-29-08

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex C-11
Class H, 4.3 gal. Fresh water/sk. 16.4 lb/gal, yield 1.06 cu.ft./sk.
API Casing Schedules

% C-11
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.3
0.4
0.6
1.0
1.4

Depth
12000
12000
12000
14000
14000
14000
16000
16000

BHST (F)
260
260
260
290
290
290
320
320

BHCT (F)
172
172
172
206
206
206
247
247

Approximate
Thickening Time
2:15
3:20
5:00
2:15
3:00
7:00
2:00
2:30

C-11 loadings of 0.4 to 0.5 typically will reduce fluid loss to 250 mL or below in 16.4 pound
slurries. Add 30-60 minutes to thickening times for slurries mixed at 15.6 lb/gal (5.2 gal water).

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex, Ltd.

Chemplex C-12
Fluid Loss Additive

Product Bulletin

GENERAL INFORMATION

RECOMMENDED USES

Chemplex C-12 is a fluid loss additive for use in


the 100-210F temperature range. It is effective
in all API classes of cement, and is compatible
with salt up to 18% by weight of water.

Chemplex C-12 can be used in cement slurries at


typical dosages of 0.4 to 1.5 pounds per sack of
cement. It is effective in salt concentrations up
to 18%. Though C-12 shows very good
compatibility with most cement additives,
laboratory testing is advised when running
unfamiliar blends or brands of cement.
A table giving some typical slurry properties
possible with Chemplex C-12 is on the reverse of
this page.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Specific gravity:
Absolute volume:
Appearance:
Solubility in water:

1.22
0.0984 gal/lb
Tan powder
complete

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION

PACKAGING

Chemplex C-12 contains cellulose derivatives


and naphthalene sulfonate dispersants.

Chemplex C-12 is supplied in 50-pound bags. It


is not a DOT regulated material.

LIMITATIONS

AVAILABILITY

Chemplex C-12 will significantly increase slurry


viscosity when used at over about 0.5 lb/sack of
cement; slurries may need to be blended slightly
light to be readily mixable. C-12 is mildly
retarding in most applications, and may
excessively delay strength development in very
cool wells.

Chemplex C12 is available from Chemplex, Ltd.


at any of our stocking locations.
Updated 10-29-08

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex C-12 in Class H Cement


Class H cement, 4.3 gal/sk water, 1.06 cu ft/sk yield, 16.4 lb/gal density.
Casing or liner Schedules

% C-12
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.5
0.5
0.6
0.7

BHST (F)
170
200
230
200
230
230
230

BHCT (F)
113
125
144
125
144
144
144

Approximate
Thickening Time
5:00
4:00
3:00
5:00
3:15
3:45
4:15

BHCT (F)
136
159
186
186

Approximate
Thickening Time
3:00
3:30
2:00
2:45

Squeeze Schedules

% C-12
0.4
0.6
0.6
0.8

BHST (F)
170
200
230
230

All slurries listed should give >500 psi strength in 8 hours and >5000 psi in 24 hours at the
BHSTs listed. Fluid loss values below 100mL/30 min. are typical for the slurries above with 0.5
to 0.6% C-12.

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex, Ltd.

Chemplex C-15
Fluid Loss Additive

Product Bulletin

GENERAL INFORMATION

RECOMMENDED USES

Chemplex C-15 is a mildly retarding fluid loss


additive for use at all temperatures below about
200F. It thins, rather than thickens, typical
slurries.

Typical loadings of Chemplex C-15 are from


0.6% to 1.0% by weight of cement in normal
density slurries, and up to about 1.5% in
lightweight designs. The table on the reverse of
this page gives some example slurries.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Specific gravity:
Absolute volume:
Appearance:
Solubility in water:

1.30
0.0924 gal/lb
Reddish powder
Limited by viscosity

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION
Chemplex C-15 is a proprietary blend of
polymeric additives.

PACKAGING
Chemplex C-15 is supplied in 50 pound bags. It
is not a DOT regulated material.

AVAILABILITY
Chemplex C-15 is available from Chemplex,
Ltd. at any of our stocking locations.
Updated 10-29-08

LIMITATIONS
Chemplex C-15 is a fairly strong dispersant in
typical applications, and therefore should be used
with caution in lightweight cements. Excessive
free water can result from overdispersion of
lighter slurries. C-15 should not be used in
cement designs containing more than 18% salt.

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex C-15 in Some Example Cement Slurries


Cement

Density

% C-15

Fluid Loss @ Temperature

Class H, neat, 5.2 gal/sk fresh water


Class H, neat, 5.2 gal/sk fresh water
Class H, neat, 4.3 gal/sk fresh water
Class H, neat, 4.3 gal/sk fresh water
Class H, 18% salt, 4.3 gal/sk fresh water

15.6 lb/gal
15.6 lb/gal
16.4 lb/gal
16.4 lb/gal
16.7 lb/gal

1.0
1.5
0.5
0.8
1.0

48 cc/30 min @ 114F


30 cc/30 min @ 114F
109 cc/30 min @ 114F
46 cc/30 min @ 114F
89 cc/30 min @ 95F

Class A, neat, 5.2 gal/sk fresh water


Class A, neat, 5.2 gal/sk fresh water
Class A, 50:50 poz, 2% gel, 5.8 gal/sk fresh water
Class A, 50:50 poz, 2% gel, 5.8 gal/sk fresh water

15.6 lb/gal
15.6 lb/gal
14.1 lb/gal
14.1 lb/gal

0.8
1.0
1.0
1.5

181 cc/30 min @ 90F


84 cc/30 min @ 90F
141 cc/30 min @ 114F
52 cc/30 min @ 114F

Class C, 2% C-45, 8.7 gal/sk fresh water

13.5 lb/gal

1.5

465 cc/30 min @ 90F

Chemplex, Ltd.

Chemplex C-16A
Fluid Loss Additive

Product Bulletin

GENERAL INFORMATION

RECOMMENDED USES

Chemplex C-16A is a non-retarding fluid loss


additive with particular application in
lightweight slurries. It is highly effective at
exceptionally low loadings 0.5% or below in
many slurry designs. It can also be used at 1% to
2.5% loadings in latex cement designs.

Typical loadings of Chemplex C-16A are from


0.5% to 0.8% by weight of cement in normal or
lightweight slurries. Pozzolan appears to enhance
the performance of this additive. The table on the
reverse of this page gives some example slurries.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Specific gravity:
Absolute volume:
Appearance:
Solubility in water:

1.33
0.0903 gal/lb
Pale yellow powder
Limited by viscosity

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION
Chemplex C-16A is a proprietary blend of an
advanced dispersant with a polyvinyl alcohol
(PVA). It is formulated with defoamer included
to avoid the foaming problems sometimes seen
with PVA products.

LIMITATIONS

Chemplex C-16A has almost no effect on slurry


viscosity below about 140 F, and begins to
thicken slurries slightly above that temperature.
This property can aid in controlling free water,
particularly in lighter designs.

PACKAGING
Chemplex C-16A is supplied in 50 pound bags.
It is not a DOT regulated material.

AVAILABILITY
Chemplex C16A is available from Chemplex,
Ltd. at any of our stocking locations.
Updated 10-29-08

Chemplex C-16A may lose some of its


effectiveness in coarse-ground cements such as
neat API Class H.

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Fluid Loss Performance of C-16A


C16A loading

temperature

API fluid loss

80 F
80 F
100 F
120 F

20 cc/30 min
12
16
30

80 F
100 F
120 F

14 cc/30 min
16
32

0.50%
0.50%
0.50%
0.50%
0.75%

70 F
80 F
100 F
120 F
140 F

20 cc/30 min
17
34
44
64

0.75%
1.00%

120 F
120 F

220 cc/30 min


160

120 F
120 F
140 F
160 F

48 cc/30 min
30
92
120

Class C, neat, 14.8 lb/gal


0.50%
0.75%
0.50%
0.50%
Class C, 50/50 poz, 2% bentonite, 14.2 lb/gal
0.50%
0.50%
0.50%
Class A, neat, 15.6 lb/gal

Class H, neat, 15.6 lb/gal

Class H, 50/50 poz, 2% bentonite, 14.2 lb/gal


0.50%
0.75%
0.50%
0.75%

Updated 10-29-08
This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex, Ltd.

Chemplex C-18
Fluid Loss Additive

Product Bulletin

GENERAL INFORMATION
Chemplex C-18 is a fluid loss additive with wide
utility in the 70-300F temperature range. It is
effective in all API classes of cement, and is
compatible with salt up to saturation.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Specific gravity:
Absolute volume:
Appearance:
Solubility in water:

1.7
0.0706 gal/lb
White powder
complete

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION
Chemplex C-18 contains synthetic polymers in a
spray-dried, free-flowing form.

LIMITATIONS
Chemplex C-18 is not compatible with calcium
chloride. Salt, KCl, or Chemplex C-45 are
effective accelerators for C-18 slurries.

RECOMMENDED USES
Chemplex C-18 can be used in cement slurries at
typical dosages of 0.3 to 1.6 pounds per sack of
cement. It is effective in all salt concentrations.
Loadings of C-37 dispersant as low as 0.3%
typically enhances the fluid-loss performance of
C-18. Though C-18 shows very good
compatibility with most cement additives,
laboratory testing is advised when running
unfamiliar blends or brands of cement.

PACKAGING
Chemplex C-18 is supplied in 50-pound bags. It
is not a DOT regulated material.

AVAILABILITY
Chemplex C18 is available from Chemplex, Ltd.
at any of our stocking locations.
Updated 10-29-08

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex, Ltd.

Chemplex C-18L
Fluid Loss Additive

Product Bulletin

GENERAL INFORMATION

RECOMMENDED USES

Chemplex C-18L is a fluid loss additive with


wide utility in the 140-300F temperature range.
It is effective in all API classes of cement, and is
compatible with salt up to saturation.

Chemplex C-18L can be used in cement slurries


at typical dosages of 0.2 to 1.0 gallons per sack
of cement. It is effective in all salt
concentrations. Loadings of C-37 dispersant as
low as 0.3% typically enhance the fluid-loss
performance of C-18L. Though C-18L shows
very good compatibility with most cement
additives, laboratory testing is advised when
running unfamiliar blends or brands of cement.
Performance of Chemplex C-18L in some
example slurries is given in the table below.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Specific gravity:
Appearance:
Bulk Density:
Solubility in water:

1.12
Viscous, pale liquid
9.3 lb/gal
complete

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION

PACKAGING

Chemplex C-18L contains synthetic polymers in


a non-flammable carrier.

CHEMPLEX C-18L IS SUPPLIED IN 55GALLON DRUMS, 275-GALLON TOTES, OR


IN BULK. IT IS NOT A DOT REGULATED
MATERIAL.

LIMITATIONS
Chemplex C-18L is not compatible with calcium
chloride. Salt or Chemplex C-45 are effective
accelerators for C-18L slurries.

AVAILABILITY
Chemplex C-18L is available from Chemplex,
Ltd. at any of our stocking locations.
Updated 10-29-08

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Fluid Loss with C18L in Some Class H Slurries

Slurry
16.2 lb/gal, 35% silica flour, 5.62 gal/sk
water, yield 1.43
16.2 lb/gal: Class H, 35% silica flour, 0.5% C 37
5.62 gal/sk water, yield 1.43
16.2 lb/gal: Class H, 35% silica flour, 0.5% C37
0.4% C20, 5.62 gal/sk water, yield 1.43
16.2 lb/gal: Class H, 35% silica flour, 0.5% C37,
0.7% C24, 5.62 gal/sk water, yield 1.43
12.0 lb/gal: Class H, 3 lb/sk C-45,
14 gal/sk water, yield 2.35
16.1 lb/gal: Class H, saturated salt
5.2 gal/sk water, yield 1.28

BHCT, F
113

C18L Loading
0.38 gal/sk

Fluid Loss, 1000 psi/30 min


173 ml

113

0.38 gal/sk

67 ml

206

0.38 gal/sk

97 ml

270

0.56 gal/sk

61 ml

113

1.0 gal/sk

90 ml

144

1.0 gal/sk

53 ml

Chemplex, Ltd.

Chemplex C-20
Cement Retarder

Product Bulletin

GENERAL INFORMATION

RECOMMENDED USES

Chemplex C-20 is a lignosulfonate retarder for


all classes of oilwell cement. It is designed for
use in the 125-220F temperature range.

Chemplex C-20 is typically used at levels of


0.2% to 1.0% by weight of cement in its normal
temperature range. See the table on the reverse of
this page for some example slurries.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Specific gravity:
Appearance:
Absolute volume:
Bulk Density:
Solubility in water:

1.54
Dark brown powder
0.0780
39-41 lb/cu.ft.
Soluble

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION
Chemplex C-20 is a modified calcium
lignosulfonate.

PACKAGING
Chemplex C-20 is furnished in lined 50-pound
bags.

AVAILABILITY
Chemplex C-20 is available from Chemplex,
Ltd. at any of our stocking locations.
Updated 10-29-08

LIMITATIONS
Chemplex C-20 is recommended for use below
circulating temperatures of about 220 degrees F.
Above this temperature, a higher-range retarder
such as Chemplex C-24 will typically be both
more economical and more predictable.

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

C-20 Retarder Loading Chart

Depth
8000
10000
12000
12000
14000
14000

Static Temp
F
200
230
260
260
290
290

Circulating Temp
F
125
144
172
172
206
206

C-20
Loading
15 lb/100 sk
25 lb/100 sk
30 lb/100 sk
40 lb/100 sk
40 lb/100 sk
50 lb/100 sk

Approx Thickening
Time
hr:min
2:30
3:00
3:15
4:30
3:30
4:30

These thickening times are based on historical data on various oilwell cements and are believed to be reliable. However, cement
response to retarders can vary widely. Interactions with other additives can also be very unpredictable. Users of this data are
therefore strongly cautioned to use good judgement in its use, and to obtain independent slurry testing particularly if working
with cements or slurries whose retarder response is not well known.

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information
is, the best of our knowledge and belief, accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its accuracy, reliability or
completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss
or damage that may occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex, Ltd.

Chemplex C-20L
Cement Retarder

Product Bulletin

GENERAL INFORMATION

RECOMMENDED USES

Chemplex C-20L is a liquid lignosulfonate


retarder for all classes of oilwell cement. It is
designed for use in the 125-220F temperature
range.

Chemplex C-20L is typically used at levels of


0.05 to 0.2 gallons per sack of cement in its
normal temperature range. See the table on the
reverse of this page for some example slurries.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

PACKAGING

Flash point:
Density:
Appearance:
Absolute volume:
Solubility in water:

Chemplex C-20L is furnished in 5-gallon pails,


55-gallon poly drums, or in bulk.

Above 200 F
9.58 lb/gal
Dark brown liquid
0.104 gal/lb
Complete

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION
Chemplex C-20L is a modified calcium
lignosulfonate in an aqueous carrier.

AVAILABILITY
Chemplex C-20L is available from Chemplex,
Ltd. at any of our stocking locations.
Updated 10-29-08

LIMITATIONS
The use of Chemplex C-20L is recommended at
circulating temperatures below about 220
degrees F. Above that point, a higher
temperature retarder such as Chemplex C-24L
will be both more economical and more
predictable in behavior.

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

C-20L Retarder Loading Chart

Depth
8000
10000
12000
12000
14000
14000

Static Temp
F
200
230
260
260
290
290

Circulating Temp
F
125
144
172
172
206
206

C-20L
Loading
4.7 gal/100 sk
7.9 gal/100 sk
9.4 gal/100 sk
12.6 gal/100 sk
12.6 gal/100 sk
15.7 gal/100 sk

Approx Thickening
Time
hr:min
2:30
3:00
3:15
4:30
3:30
4:30

These thickening times are based on historical data on various oilwell cements and are believed to be reliable. However, cement
response to retarders can vary widely. Interactions with other additives can also be very unpredictable. Users of this data are
therefore strongly cautioned to use good judgement in its use, and to obtain independent slurry testing particularly if working
with cements or slurries whose retarder response is not well known.

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information
is, the best of our knowledge and belief, accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its accuracy, reliability or
completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss
or damage that may occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex, Ltd.

Chemplex C-24
Cement Retarder

Product Bulletin

GENERAL INFORMATION

RECOMMENDED USES

Chemplex C-24 is a lignosulfonate retarder for


all classes of oilwell cement. It is designed for
use in the 200-320F temperature range.

Chemplex C-24 is typically used at levels of


0.3% to 2.0% by weight of cement in its normal
temperature range. See the table on the reverse of
this page for some example slurries.
Its action may be intensified to give performance
at over 400 degrees if required through the
addition of borates or of certain organic acids;
laboratory testing is mandatory for such
applications.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Specific gravity:
Appearance:
Absolute volume:
Bulk Density:
Solubility in water:

1.54
Dark brown powder
0.0780
39-41 lb/cu.ft.
Soluble

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION
Chemplex C-24 is a modified sodium
lignosulfonate.

LIMITATIONS
As with any high-temperature lignosulfonate
retarder, care should be exercised in using
Chemplex C-24 at or below 200F slurry
temperature, as over-retardation is possible with
these materials. Laboratory testing is strongly
suggested for any use of high-temperature
retarders, particularly in unfamiliar cements or
slurry designs.

PACKAGING
Chemplex C-24 is furnished in lined 50-pound
bags.

AVAILABILITY
Chemplex C-24 is available from Chemplex,
Ltd. at any of our stocking locations.
Updated 10-29-08

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex C-24 Retarder Loading Chart


Approximate thickening times for Class H, 35% silica flour, 16.0 lb/gal slurry, 5.9 gal/sk fresh water

Depth
12000
14000
16000
18000

Static Temp
F
260
290
320
350

Circulating Temp
F
197
233
270
308

C-24 Loading
Approx.
3 hr
30 lb/100 sk
40 lb/100 sk
70 lb/100 sk
100 lb/100 sk

C-24 Loading
Approx.
4 hr
40 lb/100 sk
50 lb/100 sk
90 lb/100 sk
120 lb/100 sk

These thickening times are based on historical data on various oilwell cements and are believed to be reliable. However, cement
response to retarders can vary widely. Interactions with other additives can also be very unpredictable. Users of this data are
therefore strongly cautioned to use good judgement in its use, and to obtain independent slurry testing particularly if working
with cements or slurries whose retarder response is not well known.

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information
is, the best of our knowledge and belief, accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its accuracy, reliability or
completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss
or damage that may occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex, Ltd.

Chemplex C-24L
Cement Retarder

Product Bulletin

GENERAL INFORMATION

RECOMMENDED USES

Chemplex C-24L is a liquid lignosulfonate


retarder for all classes of oilwell cement. It is
designed for use in the 200-320F temperature
range.

Chemplex C-24L is typically used at levels of


0.1 to 0.5 gallons per sack of cement in its
normal temperature range. See the table on the
reverse of this page for some example slurries.
Its action may be intensified to give performance
at over 400 degrees if required through the
addition of borates or of certain organic acids;
laboratory testing is mandatory for such
applications.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Flash point:
Density:
Appearance:
Absolute volume:
Solubility in water:

Above 200 F
9.58 lb/gal
Dark brown liquid
0.104 gal/lb
Complete

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION
Chemplex C-24L is a modified sodium
lignosulfonate in an aqueous carrier.

LIMITATIONS
As with any high-temperature lignosulfonate
retarder, care should be exercised in using
Chemplex C-24L at or below 200F slurry
temperature, as over-retardation is possible with
these materials. Laboratory testing is strongly
suggested for any use of high-temperature
retarders, particularly in unfamiliar cements or
slurry designs.

PACKAGING
Chemplex C-24L is furnished in 5-gallon pails,
55-gallon poly drums, or in bulk.

AVAILABILITY
Chemplex C-24L is available from Chemplex,
Ltd. at any of our stocking locations.
Updated 10-29-08

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex C-24L Retarder Loading Chart


Approximate thickening times for Class H, 35% silica flour, 16.0 lb/gal slurry, 5.9 gal/sk fresh water

Depth
12000
14000
16000
18000

Static Temp
F
260
290
320
350

Circulating Temp
F
197
233
270
308

C-24L Loading
Approx.
3 hr
9.4 gal/100 sk
12.6 gal/100 sk
22.0 gal/100 sk
31.5 gal/100 sk

C-24L Loading
Approx.
4 hr
12.6 gal/100 sk
15.7 gal/100 sk
28.3 gal/100 sk
37.7 gal/100 sk

These thickening times are based on historical data on various oilwell cements and are believed to be reliable. However, cement
response to retarders can vary widely. Interactions with other additives can also be very unpredictable. Users of this data are
therefore strongly cautioned to use good judgement in its use, and to obtain independent slurry testing particularly if working
with cements or slurries whose retarder response is not well known.

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information
is, the best of our knowledge and belief, accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its accuracy, reliability or
completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss
or damage that may occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex, Ltd.

Chemplex C-26
Cement Retarder

Product Bulletin

GENERAL INFORMATION

RECOMMENDED USES

Chemplex C-26 is a cellulose-based cement


retarder for use in the 130-260F temperature
range. It is effective in all API classes of
cement, and is compatible with salt up to 18% by
weight of water. C-26 is particularly useful
where lignosulfonate retarders are counter
indicated, for instance, in foamed or thixotropic
cements.

Chemplex C-26 can be used in cement slurries at


typical dosages of 0.1 to 1.5 pounds per sack of
cement. It is effective in salt concentrations up
to 18%. Though C-26 shows very good
compatibility with most cement additives,
laboratory testing is advised when running
unfamiliar blends or brands of cement.
A table giving some typical slurry properties
possible with Chemplex C-26 is on the reverse of
this page. C-26 is also useful as a hightemperature fluid-loss additive, particularly when
combined with C-37 or C-35 dispersant.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Specific gravity:
Absolute volume:
Appearance:
Solubility in water:

1.36
0.0880 gal/lb
Yellowish powder
Limited by viscosity

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION
Chemplex C-26 is a selected grade of CMHEC,
or carboxymethylhydroxyethylcellulose.

LIMITATIONS
Chemplex C-26 will significantly increase slurry
viscosity when used at over about 0.5 lb/sack of
cement; slurries may need to be blended slightly
light to be readily mixable. C-26 is incompatible
with calcium chloride.

PACKAGING
Chemplex C-26 is supplied in 50-pound bags. It
is not a DOT regulated material.

AVAILABILITY
Chemplex C-26 is available from Chemplex,
Ltd. at any of our stocking locations.
Updated 10-29-08

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Example of Chemplex C-26 slurries:


Class H, 35% silica flour, 5.9 gal/sk water, 1.47 cu.ft./sk yield, 16.0 lb/gal density.

Lb/sack C-26
0.1
0.2
0.4
0.6

BHST (F)
230
260
290
290

BHCT (F)
167
197
233
233

Approximate
Thickening Time
3:30
3:30
2:30
3:30

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex, Ltd.

Chemplex C-35
Cement Dispersant

Product Bulletin

GENERAL INFORMATION

RECOMMENDED USES

Chemplex C-35 is a versatile dispersant/friction


reducer for all oilwell cements. It is effective at
salt concentrations from zero to saturation and at
temperatures from 100 to 400 F.

Chemplex C-35 can be used at loadings from


0.25 to 0.75 pound per sack of cement,
depending on slurry density, type of cement, and
presence of other additives. Laboratory testing is
strongly recommended when first using
Chemplex C-35 with a particular cement or
additive package. Chemplex C-35 is mildly
retarding in most applications.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Specific gravity:
Appearance:
Absolute volume:
Bulk Density:
Solubility in Water:

1.85
dark red powder
0.0649 gal/lb
36-40 lb/cu.ft.
Soluble

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION
Chemplex C-35 is a complex copolymer
containing no napthalene sulfonates. It is
strongly anionic in nature.

PACKAGING
Chemplex C-35 is furnished in 50-pound bags.

AVAILABILITY
Chemplex C-35 is available from Chemplex,
Ltd. at any of our stocking locations.
Updated 10-29-08

LIMITATIONS
As with any dispersant, care should be taken in
slurry design with Chemplex C-35 to avoid
excessive dosages. Excess dispersant can cause
settling of slurries and excessive free water.

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex, Ltd.

Chemplex C-37
Cement Dispersant

Product Bulletin

GENERAL INFORMATION

RECOMMENDED USES

Chemplex C-37 is a dispersant/friction reducer


for all oilwell cements. It is effective at salt
concentrations from zero to 18% by weight of
water and at temperatures from 70 to 400 F.

Chemplex C-37 can be used at loadings from


0.40 to 1.0 pound per sack of cement, depending
on slurry density, type of cement, and presence
of other additives. Laboratory testing is strongly
recommended when first using Chemplex C-37
with a particular cement or additive package.
Chemplex C-37 is mildly retarding in most
applications, particularly below 100 degrees F. A
table with some suggested guidelines for mixing
densified slurries with C-37 is on the reverse of
this page.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Specific gravity:
Appearance:
Absolute volume:
Bulk Density:
Solubility in Water:

1.30
Tan powder
0.0923 gal/lb
40-45 lb/cu.ft.
Soluble

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION
Chemplex C-37 is a napthalene sulfonate
copolymer. It is strongly anionic in nature.

LIMITATIONS
As with any dispersant, care should be taken in
slurry design with Chemplex C-37 to avoid
excessive dosages. Excess dispersant can cause
settling of slurries and excessive free water.

PACKAGING
Chemplex C-37 is furnished in 50-pound bags.

AVAILABILITY
Chemplex C-37 is available from Chemplex,
Ltd. at any of our stocking locations.
Updated 10-29-08

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

C-37 Dispersant Loading Chart


Slurry Weight

Gal/sk water

lb/sack C-37

17.0 lb/gal
17.5 lb/gal
18.0 lb/gal

3.8 gal
3.4 gal
3.0 gal

0.5 lb
0.7 lb
1.0 lb

or

Gal/sack C-37L
0.16 gal
0.22 gal
0.33 gal

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information
is, the best of our knowledge and belief, accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its accuracy, reliability or
completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss
or damage that may occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex, Ltd.

Chemplex C-37L
Cement Dispersant

Product Bulletin

GENERAL INFORMATION

RECOMMENDED USES

Chemplex C-37L is a liquid dispersant/friction


reducer for all oilwell cements. It is effective at
salt concentrations from zero to 18% by weight
of water and at temperatures from 70 to 400 F.

Chemplex C-37L can be used at loadings from


0.12 to 0.45 gallon per sack of cement,
depending on slurry density, type of cement, and
presence of other additives. Laboratory testing is
strongly recommended when first using
Chemplex C-37L with a particular cement or
additive package. Chemplex C-37L is mildly
retarding in most applications, particularly below
100 degrees F. A table with some suggested
guidelines for mixing densified slurries with C37L is on the reverse of this page.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Appearance:
Absolute volume:
Density:
Solubility in Water:
Flash point:

Brown liquid
0.102 gal/lb
9.8 lb/gal
Soluble
None

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION
Chemplex C-37L is a naphthalene sulfonate
copolymer dissolved in an aqueous carrier. It is
strongly anionic in nature.

LIMITATIONS
As with any dispersant, care should be taken in
slurry design with Chemplex C-37L to avoid
excessive dosages. Excess dispersant can cause
settling of slurries and excessive free water.

PACKAGING
Chemplex C-37L is furnished in 5 gallon pails,
55 gallon poly drums, or in bulk. It is not a DOT
regulated material.

AVAILABILITY
Chemplex C-37L is available from Chemplex,
Ltd. at any of our stocking locations.
Updated 10-29-08

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex, Ltd.

Chemplex C-41L
Cement Defoamer

Product Bulletin

GENERAL INFORMATION

RECOMMENDED USES

Chemplex C-41L is a liquid defoamer for all


types of oil well cement.

Chemplex C-41L is normally used at dosages of


0.1 to 1.0 gallons for every 10 barrels of mix
water. It should be added as near the point of
foam generation as possible, as it will tend to
float on mix water if not well agitated. A garden
bug sprayer makes an excellent way to add the
small amounts of C-41L needed directly to the
mixer.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Appearance:
Absolute volume:
Density:
Solubility in Water:
Flash point:

Clear, colorless liquid


0.139 gal/lb
7.2 lb/gal
Partial
54 deg F

PACKAGING

Chemplex C-41L contains an organic defoamer


in an alcohol-based carrier.

Chemplex C-41L is furnished in 5-gallon pails


and 55-gallon poly drums. The US DOT
classifies it as a Flammable Liquid, nos.,
(Contains methyl alcohol), 3, UN 1993, PG II.

LIMITATIONS

AVAILABILITY

None known.

Chemplex C-41L is available from Chemplex,


Ltd. at any of our stocking locations.

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION

Updated 10-29-08

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex, Ltd.

Chemplex C-41P
Cement Defoamer

Product Bulletin

GENERAL INFORMATION

RECOMMENDED USES

Chemplex C-41P is a powdered defoamer for all


types of oil well cement.

Chemplex C-41P is normally effective at


loadings of 0.1 to 0.25 pounds per sack of
cement. The higher loadings as usually needed
only in very foamy slurries, such as highbentonite or high-salt designs. C-41P is normally
dry-blended into the cement.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Specific gravity:
Appearance:
Absolute volume:
Bulk Density:
Solubility in Water:

2.7
White powder
0.0444 gal/lb
60 lb/cu.ft.
Insoluble

PACKAGING
Chemplex C-41P is furnished in 50-pound bags.

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION

AVAILABILITY

Chemplex C-41P contains silicone-based


defoamers on an inert, inorganic carrier.

Chemplex C-41P is available from Chemplex,


Ltd. at any of our stocking locations.

LIMITATIONS

Updated 10-29-08

None known.

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex, Ltd.

Chemplex C-42P
Cement Defoamer

Product Bulletin

GENERAL INFORMATION

RECOMMENDED USES

Chemplex C-42P is a powdered defoamer for all


types of oil well cement.

Chemplex C-42P is normally effective at


loadings of 0.1 to 0.25 pounds per sack of
cement. The higher loadings as usually needed
only in very foamy slurries, such as highbentonite or high-salt designs. C-42P is normally
dry-blended into the cement.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Specific gravity:
Appearance:
Absolute volume:
Bulk Density:
Solubility in Water:

2.7
White powder
0.0444 gal/lb
60 lb/cu.ft.
Insoluble

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION
Chemplex C-42P contains phosphate-based
defoamers on an inert, inorganic carrier.

LIMITATIONS
None known.

PACKAGING
Chemplex C-42P is furnished in 50-pound bags.
The product may be irritating to the skin or if
dust is inhaled. Read the MSDS before use and
wear proper PPE.

AVAILABILITY
Chemplex C-42P is available from Chemplex,
Ltd. at any of our stocking locations.
Updated 8-10-09

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex, Ltd.
Product Bulletin

Chemplex C-43L
Thixotropic Agent

GENERAL INFORMATION

LIMITATIONS

Chemplex C-43L is a thixotropic additive for all


types of oil well cement. It offers an economical
alternative, in an economical liquid form, to
gypsum in this application.

Chemplex C-43L is a moderately strong


accelerator for cement and may require the use
of retarders at circulating temperatures over 100
degrees F. The use of dispersants in C-43L
slurries may reduce the thixotropy of the cement,
and should be avoided.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Appearance:
Absolute volume:
Density:
Solubility in Water:
Flash point:

Clear liquid
0.0817 gal/lb
12.2 lb/gallon.
Soluble
None

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION
Chemplex C-43L is a 38% solution of Chemplex
C-43 in water. This is equivalent to 4.5 lb dry C43 per gallon.

RECOMMENDED USES
Chemplex C-43L is normally effective at
loadings of 0.15 to 0.35 gallons per sack of
cement. The table on the back of this page shows
some example slurry designs.

PACKAGING
Chemplex C-43L is furnished in 55-gallon poly
drums. The US DOT classifies it as Corrosive
liquid, nos.

AVAILABILITY
Chemplex C-43L is available from Chemplex,
Ltd. at any of our stocking locations.
Updated 10-29-08

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

C-43L in Class H Cement Slurries


4.9 gal/sk fresh water, 15.7 lb/gal, yield 1.17
Static
Temperature
110F
140F
170F

Circulating
Temperature
91F
103F
113F

gal/sk C-43L
0.15
0.20
0.22

lb/sk C-26
0.00
0.05
0.08

Approximate
Thickening Time
2:45
2:45
4:00

7.55 gal/sk, 14.0 lb/gal, yield 1.51


200F
230F

140F
167F

0.17
0.33

0.15
0.20

2:45
3:15

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex, Ltd.

Chemplex C-43P
Thixotropic Agent

Product Bulletin

GENERAL INFORMATION

LIMITATIONS

Chemplex C-43P is a powdered thixotropic


additive for all types of oil well cement. It offers
an economical alternative to gypsum in this
application.

Chemplex C-43P is a moderately strong


accelerator for cement and may require the use
of retarders at circulating temperatures over 100
degrees F. The use of dispersants in C-43 slurries
may reduce the thixotropy of the cement, and
should be avoided.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Specific gravity:
Appearance:
Absolute volume:
Bulk Density:
Solubility in Water:

2.3
White powder
0.0522 gal/lb
52 lb/cu.ft.
Soluble

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION
Chemplex C-43P is a highly alkaline blend of
inorganic salts.

RECOMMENDED USES
Chemplex C-43P is normally effective at
loadings of 0.7 to 1.5 pounds per sack of cement.
The table below shows some example slurry
designs.

PACKAGING
Chemplex C-43P is furnished in 55-pound
plastic bags. Opened bags should be tightly
closed to prevent caking of product.

AVAILABILITY
Chemplex C-43P is available from Chemplex,
Ltd. at any of our stocking locations.
Updated 10-29-08

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

C-43P in Class H Cement Slurries


5.0 gal/sk fresh water, 15.7 lb/gal, yield 1.17
Static
Temperature
110F
140F
170F

Circulating
Temperature
91F
103F
113F

lb/sk C-43P
0.7
0.9
1.0

lb/sk C-11
0.00
1.10
0.15

Approximate
Thickening Time
2:45
2:45
4:00

7.7 gal/sk, 14.0 lb/gal, yield 1.51


200F
230F

140F
167F

0.75
1.50

0.30
0.40

2:45
3:15

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex, Ltd.

Chemplex C-44
Expansive Agent

Product Bulletin

GENERAL INFORMATION
Chemplex C-44 is a powdered additive, which
provides expansion during set for all types of oil
well cement. It can be used both to improve
cement bond to pipe and to combat gas
migration.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Specific gravity:
Appearance:
Absolute volume:
Bulk Density:
Solubility in Water:

4.5
Grey, heavy powder
0.0267 gal/lb
88 lb/cu.ft.
Insoluble

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION
Chemplex C-44 is a finely powdered reactive
metal blended with a reaction-moderating
inorganic salt.

LIMITATIONS
Chemplex C-44 functions by generating highly
flammable hydrogen gas as the cement slurry
sets. Caution should be taken to keep sources of
ignition away when mixing, placing, or drilling
out C-44 slurries.

Some cements and pozzolans with higher-thanaverage alkali content will react fairly rapidly
with C-44, causing early expansion. This is often
only a problem in cup samples, which will puff
up and set poorly. DO NOT attempt to catch
samples in a sealed container, as enough pressure
may develop to burst the container.

RECOMMENDED USES
Chemplex C-44 is normally effective at loadings
of 0.4 to 1.5 pounds per sack of cement. Higher
loadings are normally used for deeper wells, as
more gas must be generated under higher
hydrostatic pressure to give proper expansion.

PACKAGING
Chemplex C-44 is furnished in 50-pound lined
boxes. Opened containers should be tightly
closed to preserve integrity of product.

AVAILABILITY
Chemplex C-44 is available from Chemplex,
Ltd. at any of our stocking locations.
Updated 10-29-08

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex, Ltd.

Chemplex C-45
Suspension Aid

Product Bulletin

GENERAL INFORMATION

RECOMMENDED USES

Chemplex C-45 is a suspension aid for preparing


lightweight slurries from all types of oil well
cement. It may also be used as an accelerator.

Chemplex C-45 is normally effective at loadings


of 1 to 3 pounds per sack of cement. A table with
suggested loadings for several lightweight
designs is on the back of this page. C-45 is
normally dry-blended into the cement, but may
be prehydrated IF a portion of the cement is
mixed into the water BEFORE the C-45 is
added. If the C-45 is added first, it will not
provide good suspension.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Specific gravity:
Appearance:
Absolute volume:
Bulk Density:
Solubility in Water:

2.4
White granules
0.0499 gal/lb
70 lb/cu.ft.
Soluble

Chemplex C-45 contains alkali silicates.

C-45 can be used as an accelerator for cements


containing C-11 or other retarding additives by
taking advantage of this; prehydrating C-45 in
clean mix water will allow slurries to be mixed at
or near normal density.

LIMITATIONS

PACKAGING

Chemplex C-45 is an accelerator, and slurries


using it may be difficult to retard at temperatures
above about 140 degrees unless special attention
is given to slurry design.

Chemplex C-45 is furnished in 50-pound bags.

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION

AVAILABILITY
Chemplex C-45 is available from Chemplex,
Ltd. at any of our stocking locations.
Updated 10-29-08

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

C-45 in some typical West Texas cements

Cement
Class
H
H
H
H
A
A
A
A

gal/sk
Water
8.0
10.0
12.0
17.5
7.9
10.0
12.4
17.5

Slurry
Yield
Density lb/gal cu.ft./sk
13.8
1.55
13.0
1.81
12.4
2.07
11.4
2.81
13.9
1.53
13.0
1.81
12.3
2.14
11.4
2.81

lb/sk C-45
1.0
1.5
2.0
3.0
1.0
1.5
2.0
3.0

72 Hour
Strength
80F psi
1180
840
620
160
1640
1210
930
315

Free Water
percent
0
0
0
0.3
0
0
0.2
0.4

Class C mixed according to the schedule for Class A above will give considerably better
strength. Also, addition of salt at 5 lb/sack to any of the above slurries will give faster strength
development. The use of calcium chloride with C-45 offers no real advantage in quickness of set,
and so is not recommended.

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex, Ltd.

Chemplex C-47
Gas Migration Agent

Product Bulletin

GENERAL INFORMATION

RECOMMENDED USES

Chemplex C-47 is a powdered additive which


provides control of gas migration after
cementing through two mechanisms: fluid loss
control and increased cement fluidity.

Chemplex C-47 is normally effective at loadings


of 0.4 to 1.5 pounds per sack of cement.
Loadings of 1.0 lb/sk typically give fluid loss
values below 60cc/30 min in normal-weight
slurries. C-47 is mildly retarding in most
situations.

PHYSICAL PROP ERTIES


Specific gravity:
Appearance:
Absolute volume:
Solubility in water:

1.53
Reddish powder
0.0782 gal/lb
Complete

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION
Chemplex C-47 is a blend of synthetic polymers
with dispersing and fluid-loss control properties.

LIMITATIONS
Chemplex C-47 should not be used in slurries
with over 18% salt, or with over 0.5% Chemplex
C-24.

PACKAGING
Chemplex C-47 is furnished in 25-pound lined
bags. Opened containers should be tightly closed
to preserve integrity of product.

AVAILABILITY
Chemplex C-47 is available from Chemplex,
Ltd. at any of our stocking locations.
Updated 10-29-08

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex, Ltd.

Chemplex C-51
Suspension Additive

Product Bulletin

GENERAL INFORMATION
Chemplex C-51 is a polymeric additive designed
to help control free water and to suspend solids
in cement slurries, particularly at higher
temperatures where metasilicate products are
difficult to retard. C-51 also gives some fluid
loss control in most applications.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Specific gravity:
Absolute volume:
Appearance:
Solubility in water:

1.40
.0857 gal/lb
Off white powder
Limited by viscosity

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION
Chemplex C-51 contains high molecular weight
cellulose derivatives formulated to give rapid
viscosity development in cement slurries.

LIMITATIONS
Chemplex C-51 is a moderately strong retarder at
temperatures below 140F or so; slurries below

this temperature may be simpler to design with


an alternate product such as Chemplex C-45.

RECOMMENDED USES
Chemplex C-51 should be dry-blended into
cement at loadings ranging from 0.2 to 1.0% by
weight of cement. Loadings near the top of this
range can be used in slurries as light as 12.5
lb/gallon. C-51 is compatible with most, if not
all, common cement additives and with all
classes of oil well cement. A few example
slurries are given in the table on the back of this
bulletin.

PACKAGING
Chemplex C-51 is supplied in 50-pound bags.

AVAILABILITY
Chemplex C-51 is available from Chemplex,
Ltd. at any of our stocking locations.
Updated 10-29-08

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

C-51 Suspending Agent - Example Slurries


Class H Cement
Slurry
Density

Mix Water

C-51 Loading

Free Water

24-Hour Strength
190

12.5 lb/gal

11.5 gal/sk

0.9%

0%

220 psi

13.0 lb/gal

10 gal/sk

0.5%

0.2%

890 psi

13.4 lb/gal

8.9 gal/sk

0.3%

0%

1020 psi

All had fluid loss below 200 cc/ 30 minutes at 140 F.

Chemplex, Ltd.

Chemplex C-53L
Diesel Cement Additive

Product Bulletin

GENERAL INFORMATION
Chemplex C-53L is a surfactant designed to
allow mixing of cement slurries in diesel oil.
These slurries will not set until contacted by
water, and so can be used in a variety of remedial
work in oil and gas wells.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Density:
Appearance:
Flash Point:
Solubility in Water:
Solubility in diesel:

7.6 lb/gallon
dark brown liquid
57 deg F
Dispersible
Complete

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION
Chemplex C-53L is a strongly cationic, oilsoluble surfactant/dispersant in an alcohol base.

LIMITATIONS
Chemplex C-53L is designed to be used in
cement slurries made with dry diesel or
kerosene. It should not be used with slurries
containing either bentonite (gel) or pozzolan.

This type of slurry can then be used to


squeeze a wet zone or hole in pipe, regardless of
depth. As the slurry contains no water, it will not
set until it contacts some. Once contact with
water occurs, the C-53L helps draw water into
the slurry. This results in an immediate
thickening to a pasty consistency, followed by
the cement setting. A 24-hour WOC time is
normally advised to insure that enough water
absorbs into the slurry to give good strength
development.
A suggested placement procedure for
diesel/cement slurries is to pump 3 to 5 barrels of
dry diesel through the mixer and down the well
to remove any water; mixing will be VERY
difficult if the slurry is contaminated with water.
Then mix and pump the slurry, displacing with
diesel or clean crude oil. Unset, undisplaced
slurry can be reversed out.
The only additives that are really useful in
diesel/cement slurries are calcium chloride at 1
to 2% or gypsum at 10 to 25%. These can give
quicker strength development. Retarders, etc.,
serve no real purpose in diesel, as no set is
possible until water is encountered anyway.

PACKAGING
RECOMMENDED USES
Chemplex C-53L is normally added to dry diesel
oil or kerosene at a loading of 1.0 gallon per
hundred gallons of oil. This mixture is then used
to prepare a cement slurry, most typically at 5.0
or 6.0 gallons per sack of cement. These two
mixing ratios give a 15.1 lb/gal slurry at a yield
of 1.15 cu.ft./sk and 14.3 lb/gal and 1.28
cu.ft./sk, respectively.

Chemplex C-53L is supplied in 5-gallon pails or


55-gallon drums. It is regulated by the US DOT
as a Flammable liquid, nos.

AVAILABILITY
Chemplex C-53L is available from Chemplex,
Ltd. at any of our stocking locations.
Updated 10-29-08

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex, Ltd.

Chemplex C-63
Cement Spacer Mix

Product Bulletin

GENERAL INFORMATION

SUGGESTED APPLICATIONS

Chemplex C-63 is a prepackaged mix to prepare


cement spacers with densities from 9 lb/gal to as
high as 18 lb/gal. It is normally mixed into fresh
or salt water at the ratio of one 50-lb sack per
barrel of finished spacer, with readily available
weighting agents being used to achieve the
desired density. The resulting fluid are fairly low
in viscosity, stable to at least 300 F, and can be
modified with surfactants to give good
performance in displacing oil-based muds.

The attached charts give guidelines on mixing


procedures for C-63. The product should always
be added to water with good agitation, and
mixed for at least five minutes to allow for full
hydration before adding the weighting material.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Specific gravity:
Absolute volume:
Appearance:
Odor:

2.24
0.0536 gal/lb
light tan powder
none

CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
Chemplex C-63 contains suspension aids and a
defoamer in a graded calcium carbonate base.
The product does not contain silica flour or other
crystalline silica at above trade levels.

AVAILABILITY
Chemplex C-63 is packaged in 50-pound lined
paper sacks and is available from Chemplex, Ltd.
at any of our stocking locations.
Updated 10-29-08

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

C-63 Densities Using Silica Flour (or Graded Calcium Carbonate)


To make one barrel spacer.

Desired Density

bbl Water

lb C-63

9 lb/gal
10 lb/gal
11 lb/gal
12 lb/gal
13 lb/gal

0.936
0.858
0.781
0.704
0.626

50
50
50
50
50

lb Silica Flour
0
72
143
214
285

*calcium carbonate will give very slightly higher densities.

C-63 Densities using Barite


Desired Density

bbl Water

lb C-63

lb Barite

11 lb/gal
12 lb/gal
13 lb/gal
14 lb/gal
15 lb/gal
16 lb/gal
17 lb/gal
18 lb/gal

0.859
0.821
0.783
0.745
0.707
0.669
0.631
0.593

50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50

114
170
226
282
339
395
452
508

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex, Ltd.

Silica Flour
Strength Stabilizer

Product Bulletin

GENERAL INFORMATION

RECOMMENDED USES

Silica Flour is used in oilwell cement whenever


the cement will be exposed to temperatures of
230F or higher. It prevents the loss of strength,
or retrogression, that oilwell cement would
otherwise experience at these temperatures.

Silica Flour is typically added at 35% by weight


of cement for slurries to be used from 230F to
450F. Normal water requirement is 40% by
weight of silica flour (or 1.58 gal/sack at this
35% loading).

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

PACKAGING

Specific gravity:
Appearance:
Absolute volume:
Bulk Density:
Solubility in Water:

Silica Flour is furnished in 50 pound bags.

2.63
White powder
0.0456 gal/lb
70 lb/cu.ft.
Insoluble

AVAILABILITY
Silica Flour is available from Chemplex, Ltd. at
any of our stocking locations.

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION

Updated 5-14-09

Silica Flour is finely ground silica sand.

LIMITATIONS
None known.

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex, Ltd.

Sodium Silicate

Product Bulletin

GENERAL INFORMATION
Sodium Silicate is a highly cost-effective
chemical for a variety of oilwell uses where
cement alone is not quite the right answer.
Sodium silicate has a long history of successful
field application in:
Improving cement-to-pipe and
cement-to-formation bonding.
Stopping lost circulation
sealing casing leaks.
Shutting off bottom water or thief
zones.
This bulletin will outline some suggested uses
for this versatile product; contact Chemplex or
your service company representative for
specifics on particular applications

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Density:
Solubility in water:
Solubility in diesel:
Appearance:
Odor:
pH:
Flash point:

11.7 lb./gal
Soluble
Insoluble
Clear to hazy viscous
liquid
None
around 11
30-35 F

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION
Sodium silicate is furnished as a 40% active
solution containing sodium polysilicates in
water. It is highly reactive with cement slurries,
acids, or salts, particularly calcium or
magnesium salts. Sodium silicate should be
protected from freezing, as it will occasionally
separate and become unusable if frozen and then
thawed.

LIMITATIONS
There are no particular temperature limitations
on the use of sodium silicate in properly
designed applications. Unintentional mixing of

sodium silicate with incompatible materials will


cause a variety of major headaches; the
procedures below point out ways to avoid these
problems. Fresh water must always be used to
separate sodium silicate from incompatible
materials during placement.

RECOMMENDED USES
A. As a cement preflush
Sodium silicate is frequently used as a
preflush ahead of primary cement jobs. It
can improve cement bonding and aid in
preventing cement fallback in many areas.
A typical procedure where lost circulation is
not a major concern is as follows:
1. Pump at least 10 barrels of fresh
water, diesel, or other compatible
spacer
2. Pump a solution of one part sodium
silicate dissolved in four parts fresh
water. Best mud displacement and
boding are normally seen when the
volume of this mixture is enough to
give at least 5 minutes contact time
with the formation during
placement; for instance, if you mix
and displace cement at 6BPM, use
30 barrels of this silicate solution
3. Pump a fresh water spacer large
enough to give at least 125 feet of
fill downhole. Always use at least
3-5 barrels of fresh water to avoid
leaving solids in pumps, lines, or
pipe.

4. Pump at least 10 barrels of fresh


water, diesel, or other compatible
spacer
B. For lost circulation
Sodium silicates high reactivity with
calcium in brines is used to build a
barrier of petrified cottage cheese in
lost circulation zones. If formation

fluids are not very salty, with high


calcium content, it is strongly
recommended that calcium chloride
brine preflush, as outlined below, be
used.
1. . Pump at least 20 bbl of a 10%
calcium chloride solution (35 lb dry
calcium chloride per barrel of fresh
or field salt water) to the loss zone.
2. Pump a spacer of 3 to 5 barrels
fresh water
3. Pump at least 10 barrels of sodium
silicate; use the straight material for
severe losses, or mix half-and half
with fresh water if less that total
lost circulation.
4. Pump another 3 to 5 barrels fresh
water spacer; displace to loss zone
with salt water or mud. Local
experience may indicate that
repeated stages of (1) through (4),
with smaller volumes of calcium
chloride solution in (1), may be
more effective in stopping losses.
5. Optionally, a squeeze with cement
containing bridging agents such as
gilsonite may be run after step 4.
The cement should flash-set on
contacting sodium silicate in the
formation.
C. Sealing Casing Leaks
Moderate to severe casing leaks can
frequently be permanently repaired with
a procedure similar to the lost
circulation procedure above. Volumes
used will vary widely depending on
casing size and other local conditions.
The big advantage of sodium silicate
over cement in repairing casing leaks is
that the silicate contains no solid
particles to bridge off at the leaks. This
lets sealant get outside the leak, where it
is actually needed. A cement squeeze
behind the silicate treatment is optional,
depending on local experience and
severity of the leak.

BOTTOM-WATER SHUT OFF


If a reasonable guess can be made as to
the point-of-entry of bottom water, the
lost-circulation procedure above can
also be modified to provide a permanent
shut-off. Care needs to be taken to
avoid placing sodium silicate in
productive zones, as it is very difficult
to remove once it is set. A generalized
method for water shutoff might be:
1. Pull production equipment.
Set a packer or cement retainer
immediately above the wet
zone, or perforate into the
water below existing
perforations. Test for
injectivity into both the wet
zone and the producing zone,
using formation-compatible
fluids.
2. Pump a formation-compatible
fluid such as formation brine,
clean crude oil, or diesel down
the backside while pumping
10-20 bbl 10% calcium
chloride brine down tubing
into the wet zone. Continue
injection, into the productive
zone throughout the entire
procedure.
3. Follow the calcium chloride
brine with a 3 to 5 barrel freshwater spacer
4. Pump 10 to 20 bbl sodium
silicate, either straight or
mixed 1:1 with fresh water.
5. Displace the silicate to the wet
formation; again, local
experience may determine
whether a cement squeeze
should follow the silicate
treatment. If cement is run, a
3-5 bbl fresh water spacer is all
that is required to separate step
(4) from the cement.
6. Allow normal WOC time
before returning well to
production.

Chemplex, Ltd.
Product Bulletin

Chemplex
Stop Loss Spacer
Loss Circulation Spacer for
Cementing and Drilling

GENERAL INFORMATION

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION

Chemplex Stop Loss Spacer is an industry proven,


highly effective spacer used to control moderate to
severe loss circulation during cementing and
drilling. Chemplex Stop Loss Spacer is composed
of Stop Loss Polymer and Stop Loss LCM and
when mixed is a dark brown moderately viscous
fluid. Conventional weighting agents such as
barite and hematite can be used to weight the Stop
Loss Spacer to 18.0 ppg.

Chemplex Stop Loss Spacer incorporates Stop Loss


Polymer, a non-hazardous highly bio-degradable
proprietary patented of polymeric fluid loss additives.
Stop Loss LCM is added where moderate to severe
loss circulation is experienced and is a patented blend
of highly specific lost circulation additives that target
and control loss circulation. Stop Loss Spacer
utilizes a specialized surfactant to water wet the
formation when used with oil based or invert muds.

During cementing, the Stop Loss Spacer is pumped


directly ahead of the cement to stop mud losses,
attain higher cement tops and more consistent
anticipated top of cement. The Stop Loss
Polymer has a wall building capability to help
consolidate loose, fragile or fractured formation
strata and hole condition. The Stop Loss LCM is
added where moderate to severe loss circulation is
experienced. The Stop Loss Spacer is also an
effective cement spacer used to displace drilling
mud prior to cementing for improved cement
bonding and subsequent bond logs. Where oil
based or invert muds are displaced, surfactants are
utilized to water wet the formation and pipe
surfaces for enhanced bonding. During drilling
where severe to total loss circulation is
experienced, the Stop Loss Spacer, containing the
Stop Loss Polymer and LCM, is pumped into the
drill string and circulated until the losses are
controlled and drilling can resume to the desired
depth (TD).

LIMITATIONS

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Stop Loss
Specific Gravity:
Water Solubility:
Oil Solubility:
Appearance:

Polymer
1.2
Dispersible
Dispersible
Light brown
powder

LCM
1.4-1.65
Dispersible
Dispersible
Light brown
fibrous powder

Chemplex Stop Loss Spacer can be removed by fresh


water. Fresh water spacers should not be pumped
between the cement slurry and Stop Loss Spacer.
Limit washing-up to 1 bbl to 2 bbls of fresh water.
Stop Loss Spacer is not compatible with other
spacers when pumped between the Stop Loss Spacer
and cement although; spacers may be pumped ahead
of the Stop Loss Spacer. Special water-wetting
surfactants are utilized when displacing oil based or
invert muds. Once the Stop Loss Spacer has stopped
the loss circulation, maintain a positive wellbore
pressure to maintain the Stop Loss Spacer seal. Avoid
reducing the wellbore pressure (HH) to less than the
formation pressure (underbalanced) where the Stop
Loss Spacer can unseal and revert to loss circulation.

RECOMMENDED USES
Chemplex Stop Loss Spacer is used eliminate or
significantly reduce loss circulation during cementing
or drilling. Stop Loss Spacer is used where a wall
building polymer is needed to consolidate weak,
loose or fragile formation strata or hole condition.
Stop Loss Spacer is used to sustain a higher and more
consistent Top of Cement thereby reducing
remediation costs. Stop Loss Spacer is also used as a
spacer to efficiently displace drilling mud to enhance
cement to pipe and cement to formation bonding.

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex Stop Loss Spacer typical loadings


include a base of Stop Loss Spacer Polymer that
can be modified according to the severity of the
loss circulation problem. Stop Loss Spacer LCM
is used when moderate to severe loss circulation
(total losses) problems are encountered and vary
according to the severity of the loss circulation.
Stop Loss Spacer can be used to 350F+ BHCT.

Created 03-03-2011
Updated 04-25-2011
Updated 09-07-2011

PACKAGING
Chemplex Stop Loss Spacer packaging normally
include Stop Loss Polymer in 40 lb bags and
Stop Loss LCM also in 40 lb bags. Bag weights
can vary according to customer specifications.

AVAILABILITY
Chemplex Stop Loss Spacer is available from
Chemplex, Ltd. and any of Chemplexs stocking
locations and include Breckenridge, Kilgore,
Midland, Pleasanton and Snyder, Texas,
Arapaho, Oklahoma and Albright, West
Virginia.

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and completeness
of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may occur from the
use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex

Chemplex, Ltd.
Product Bulletin

Plexcrete SFA

Silica Fume Alternative for


Cement Systems & Cements

GENERAL INFORMATION

RECOMMENDED USES

Chemplex Plexcrete SFA is an industry proven


substitute for the silica fume in silica fume
cements used for its increased handling ease and
safety. Plexcrete SFA, when used in the same
concentrations as silica fume and mixed at the
same density attains near identical compressive
strengths as silica fume in cements. Plexcrete
SFA can be blown directly into a silo without the
expensive blending that is required with silica
fume such as Silica-Poz, Silica-Blend, SilicaLite, etc.
Plexcrete SFA is a lower cost
alternative to silica fume that is specifically
formulated to produce performance and
consistency without the TTT variations of the
silica fume byproduct. Plexcrete SFA is a
highly specialized blend of silica, metals and
inorganic salts fired in a kiln for a product
quality that conforms to ASTM specifications.
Plexcrete SFA is a highly specific formulation
that does not require the extremely fine particle
size of silica fume to develop the compressive
strength of fume cements.
Plexcrete SFA
provides increased safety, direct pneumatic
transfer to the silo, product consistency and
reduced cost with the high compressive strength
development of fume cements.

Chemplex Plexcrete SFA is used to replace silica


fume or flyash:silica fume blends in cement
systems that have historically utilized silica fume.
Plexcrete SFA replaces silica fume pound for
pound in cement systems such as:

Chemplex Plexcrete SF uses and benefits:


1. Industry proven replacement for silica fume.
2. Used in oil field cementing since 2004.
3. Significantly less hazardous than silica fume.
4. Develops the near identical 72 hr compressive
strengths as silica fume in fume cements.
5. Lowers the cost of silica fume in cements.
6. Can be blown directly into the cement silos.
7. Silica fume and fly-ash blends are not needed.
8. Mined and manufactured to ASTM standards.
9. Allows use of lightweight completion cements.
10. Used with fly-ash to control final slurry costs.
11. SMS, HEC & Salt are commonly used to
control Total Thickening Times & Fluid Loss.
12. Compatible with most cement additives.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

LIMITATIONS

Specific Gravity:
Bulk Density:
Absolute Volume:

Chemplex Plexcrete SFA when used as a


replacement for silica fume will yield slightly
lower slurry viscosity, slightly longer Total
Thickening Times, and slightly higher fluid loss.
The use of low concentrations of sodium metasilicate (SMS), i.e., 0.1%, etc., will increase the
slurry viscosity and reduce the Total Thickening
Times to nominal values.
Cellulose fluid loss
additives can be used to obtain the desired fluid
loss and Total Thickening Times per customer
specifications. Plexcrete SFA is compatible with
most cement additives. Slurry performance data is
included in the attached Technical Information.

2.30
33 lb/cubic foot
0.0521 gallon/pound

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION
Chemplex Plexcrete SFA incorporates a
proprietary blend of silica, iron and inorganic
salts fired in a kiln to exacting ASTM
specifications (ASTM C-188, ASTM C-227,
ASTM C-311, ASTM C-430, ASTM C-1012 and
ASTM C-1260). ASTM particle specifications
require 76% pass through a 325 (45 um) sieve.

Fly-Ash
15 lbs
20 lbs
17 lbs

Class C
61 lbs
47 lbs
70 lbs

Plexcrete SFA
11 lbs
17 lbs
13 lbs

Density
13.0-14.5 ppg
12.0-13.6 ppg
12.0-12.5 ppg

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

PACKAGING

Created 03-03-2011
Updated 03-03-11

Chemplex Plexcrete SFA is delivered in bulk in


a pneumatic transport or 50 pound sacks.

AVAILABILITY
Chemplex Plexcrete SFA is available from
Chemplex, Ltd. and any of Chemplexs stocking
locations and include Breckenridge, Kilgore,
Midland, Pleasanton and Snyder, Texas and
Arapaho, Oklahoma.

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

TECHNICAL INFORMATION
PLEXCRETE SFA AND SILICA FUME COMPARISON
BHCT
(F)

BHST
(F)

Depth
(Ft)

TTT
(hr:min)

SLURRY

%
Mix
H2O

Wgt
(ppg)

Yld
(cuft/sk)

Strength
(psi)

Fluid
Loss

Free
H2O

140

155

10000

3:51

15:61:11 (Flyash:Class C:Plexcrete SFA) + 0.9%


FLA + 0.25% CD + 3% KCl + 5 pps LCM

72.8

13.2

1.60

(155F)
12 hr-400
24 hr- 1600
72 hr-2350

102

0.0

72.8

13.2

1.60

(155F)
12 hr-500
24 hr- 1900
72 hr-2380

80

0.0

(Plexcrete SFA)
140

155

10000

3:49

15:61:11 (Flyash:Class C:Silica Fume) + 0.9%


FLA + 0.25% CD + 3% KCl + 5 pps LCM

(Silica Fume)

ASA: Anti-Settling Agent, CD: Cement Dispersant, FLA: Fluid Loss Additive, LCM: Lost Circulation Material, PVA: Poly Vinyl Alcohol FLA.
Compressive strengths ran at BHST unless otherwise specified.

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information
is, the best of our knowledge and belief, accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its accuracy, reliability or
completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss
or damage that may occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

TECHNICAL INFORMATION
BHCT
(F)

BHST
(F)

Depth
(Ft)

TTT
(hr:min)

140

160

10000

4:40

135

160

12000

3:45

130

150

9000

3:20

100

120

5200

4:50

105

115

5000

90

100

80

80

CLASS C CEMENT
Slurry

%
Mix
H2O
74.75

Wgt
(ppg)

Yld
(cuft/sk)

13.20

1.64

72.80

13.20

1.60

201.10

11.30

3.80

50:50:0 (Flyash:Class C:Bentonite) + 10 pps Plexcrete


SFA + 1% SMS + 3% Salt +0.4% Retarder + 5 pps LCM

129.90

11.80

2.39

3:30

17:70:13 (Flyash:Class C:Plexcrete SFA) +0.4% PVA +


0.5% SMS + 5% Salt + 0.2 gps Foamer

99.60
(base)

12.50
(base)

2.22
(base)

2000

4:45

20:47:17 (Flyash:Class C:Plexcrete SFA + 1.5% FLA +


0.2% SMS

77.25

13

1.55

3000

11:30

15:61:11 (Flyash:Class C:Plexcrete SFA) + 0.8% FLA +


0.5% PVA + 0.2% CD + 0.5% SMS + 5% Salt + 3 pps
LCM

77.21

13.20

1.65

15:61:11 (Flyash:Class C:Plexcrete SFA) + 0.9% FLA +


0.5% PVA + 0.25% CD + 5% Salt + 0.6% Retarder + 5
pps LCM
15:61:11 (Flyash:Class C:Plexcrete SFA) + 1.1% FLA +
+ 0.5% PVA + 0.5% CD +2% Salt + 026% Retarder + 5
pps LCM
Class C + 20 pps Plexcrete SFA + 4% Plexcrete STE +
4% SMS + 5% Gypsum + 0.4% ASA + 2.5% Retarder +
3 pps LCM

Strength
(psi)
12 hr-90
24 hr-450
72 hr-2050
12 hr-600
24 hr-1800
72 hr-2300
(120F)
12 hr-250
24 hr-400
72 hr-850
12 hr-250
24 hr-500
72 hr-1000
(10 ppg)
12 hr-170
24 hr-250
72 hr-450
12 hr-230
24 hr-350
72 hr-750
(80F)
12 hr-0
24 hr-400
72 hr-1500

Fluid
Loss

Free
H2O

40

0.0

30

0.0

ASA: Anti-Settling Agent, CD: Cement Dispersant, FLA: Fluid Loss Additive, LCM: Lost Circulation Material, PVA: Poly Vinyl Alcohol FLA.
Compressive strengths ran at BHST unless otherwise specified.

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information
is, the best of our knowledge and belief, accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its accuracy, reliability or
completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss
or damage that may occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

0.0

3.4

0.0

0.0

TECHNICAL INFORMATION

CLASS H CEMENT

BHCT
(F)

BHST
(F)

Depth
(Ft)

TTT
(hr:min)

200

245

16500

5:50

15:61:11 (Flyash:Class H:Plexcrete SF) + 5 PPS Silica


Sand + 1% FLA + 0.3% PVA + 0.2% SMS + 0.3% ASA
+ 0.2% Retarder

200

240

16500

5:00

200

245

16500

6:40

130

150

8500

145

145

10000

4:40

Slurry

%
Mix
H2O
69.30

Wgt
(ppg)

Yld
(cuft/sk)

Strength
(psi)

Fluid
Loss

Free
H2O

13.70

1.50

50

0.0

Class H + 35% Silica Sand + 20 pps Plexcrete SFA +


0.9% FLA + 0.5% PVA + 1% CD + 0.5% SMS + 0.3%
ASA + 0.5% Retarder

67.97

15.20

1.88

35:65:6 (Flyash:Class H:Bentonite) + 5 pps Plexcrete


SFA + 0.8% FLA + 0.2% SMS + 0.3% ASA + 0.4%
Retarder

106.1

12.50

2.04

20:47:17 (Flyash:Class H:Plexcrete SFA) + 1% PVA +


1% SMS + 0.2% ASA + 0.6% Retarder

91.53

12.5

1.75

20:47:17 (Flyash:Class H:Plexcrete SFA) + 1.5% SMS +


0.2% ASA + 1.65% Retarder + 3 pps LCM

106.5

12.00

2.00

(245F)
12 hr-1500
24 hr-1750
72 hr-2000
(200F)
12 hr-250
24 hr-2200
72 hr-2600
(220F)
12 hr-7500
24 hr-950
72 hr-1050
(140F)
12 hr-175
24 hr-978
72 hr-1400
(145F)
12 hr-125
24 hr-705
72 hr-1100

0.0

350

ASA: Anti-Settling Agent, CD: Cement Dispersant, FLA: Fluid Loss Additive, LCM: Lost Circulation Material, PVA: Poly Vinyl Alcohol FLA.
Compressive strengths ran at BHST unless otherwise specified.

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information
is, the best of our knowledge and belief, accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its accuracy, reliability or
completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss
or damage that may occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

0.0

Chemplex

Chemplex, Ltd.
Product Bulletin

Plexcrete STE

Compressive Strength
Enhancing Additive for Cement

GENERAL INFORMATION

RECOMMENDED USES

Chemplex Plexcrete STE is a non-silicate


compressive strength enhancing additive for
cements and cement blends where higher
compressive strengths are desirable. Slurry
yields can be extended and densities reduced
while still obtaining higher compressive
strengths considered desirable in completion
cements.
Plexcrete STE was specifically
designed to replace competitive type products at
a much reduced cost while providing the same
functionality.
Plexcrete STEs non-silicate
chemistry performs near identically to
competitive products at less than 200F and an
improved performance at greater than 200F.
Safety in handling and loading is greatly
improved by the non-silicate based Plexcrete
STE. Plexcrete STE is a highly specialized
blend of Portland cement, metal oxides, and
inorganic salts fired in a kiln to the exacting
specifications of ASTM C-114. Plexcrete STEs
highly specific formulation does not require
silica fume or other more expensive products to
develop higher compressive strengths. Plexcrete
STE non-silicate base provides increased safety
in handling and loading, product consistency and
reduced cost with high performance compressive
strength development in Portland Cements and is
especially effective in cement and Flyash blends.

Chemplex Plexcrete STE is used increase to


increase the compressive strength of cements and
cement-flyash blends. Plexcrete STE replaces
more expensive additives with a safer non- silica
additive with near identical or improved results.
Plexcrete STE replaces other aluminum type
additives pound for pound:

Chemplex Plexcrete STE uses and benefits:


1. Replaces more expensive strength enhancers.
2. Significantly less hazardous than silica fume.
3. Develops near identical compressive strengths
than more expensive additives at 200F or less.
4. Develops higher compressive strengths than
more expensive additives at greater than 200F.
5. Especially effective in flyash:cement blends
and ideally in 40:60 and 60:40 blends.
6. Lower the cost of using strength enhancers.
7. Mined and manufactured to ASTM standards.
8. Allows use of lightweight completion cements.
9. Compatible with most cement additives, i.e.,
HEC, PVA, Lignosulfonate retarders, salts etc.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

LIMITATIONS

Specific Gravity:
Bulk Density:
Absolute Volume:

3.049
64 lb/cubic foot
0.0393 gallon/pound

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION
Chemplex Plexcrete STE incorporates a
proprietary blend of Portland cement, iron oxides
and inorganic salts fired in a kiln to exacting
ASTM C-114 specifications. Particle size is
99% through a 325 (45 um) sieve.

Fly-Ash:Class C Plexcrete STE


0: 94 lbs
4%-6%
35:65
4%
40:60
4%
60:40
4%

Density
10.5- 12.0 ppg
12.0-13.0 ppg
13.6-13.8 ppg
13.6-13.8 ppg

Chemplex Plexcrete STE will increase the final


slurry cost which can be offset with flyash:cement
blends especially 40:60 which may yield lower
cementing costs and high compressive strengths
that can be used as completion cements. The use
of Flyash is beneficial to reducing cement
permeability and increasing resistance to corrosive
waters, gasses such as H2S, CO2, etc. Plexcrete
STE is compatible with most cement additives.
Slurry performance data is included in the attached
Technical Information.

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

PACKAGING

Created 03-16-2011
Updated 03-16-11

Chemplex Plexcrete STE is delivered in 50


pound sacks.

AVAILABILITY
Chemplex Plexcrete STE is available from
Chemplex, Ltd. and any of Chemplexs stocking
locations and include Breckenridge, Kilgore,
Midland, Pleasanton and Snyder, Texas and
Arapaho, Oklahoma.

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

TECHNICAL INFORMATION
PLEXCRETE STE AND ALUMINUM SILICATE STRENGTH ENHANCER COMPARISON
BHCT
(F)

160

BHST
(F)

Depth
(Ft)

TTT
(hr:min)

200

12500

3:04

SLURRY

60:40 (Flyash:Class H) + 4% Plexcrete STE +


4% SMS + 0.2% ASA + 0.2% Retarder

%
Mix
H2O

Wgt
(ppg)

Yld
(cuft/sk)

67.00

13.6

1.38

Fluid
Loss

Free
H2O

(200F)
12 hr-1600
24 hr-1800
72 hr-1900

ND

ND

66.20

13.6

1.38

(200F)
12 hr-1550
24 hr-1800
72 hr-2000

ND

ND

62.1%

13.8

1.35

(135F)
12 hr-1300
24 hr-2400
72 hr-3000

ND

ND

61.4%

13.8

1.35

(135F)
12 hr-950
24 hr-2300
72 hr-3000

ND

ND

(Plexcrete STE)
160

200

12500

3:04

60:40 (Flyash:Class H) + 4% Aluminum Silicate


+ 4% SMS + 0.2% ASA + 0.2% Retarder

(Aluminum Silicate)
125

135

8000

2:45

60:40 (Flyash:Class C) +4% Plexcrete STE +


0.5% PVA + 0.5 pps Salt + 2 pps LCM

(Plexcrete STE)
125

135

8000

2:30

60:40 (Flyash:Class C) +4% Aluminum Silicate +


0.5% PVA + 0.5 pps Salt + 2 pps LCM

(Aluminum Silicate)

Strength
(psi)

ASA: Anti-Settling Agent, CD: Cement Dispersant, FLA: Fluid Loss Additive, LCM: Lost Circulation Material, PVA: Poly Vinyl Alcohol FLA.
Compressive strengths ran at BHST unless otherwise specified.
This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information
is, the best of our knowledge and belief, accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its accuracy, reliability or
completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss
or damage that may occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

TECHNICAL INFORMATION
CLASS H AND C CEMENTS AND FLYASH BLENDS
BHCT
(F)

BHST
(F)

Depth
(Ft)

TTT
(hr:min)

160

200

12500

3:04

Slurry

60:40:0 (Flyash:Class H:Bentonite) + 4% Plexcrete STE


+ 0.4% SMS + 0.2% ASA + 0.2% Retarder

%
Mix
H2O
66.96

Wgt
(ppg)

Yld
(cuft/sk)

13.60

1.38

Strength
(psi)

12 hr-1600
24 hr-1800
72 hr-1900
130
180
7500
4:40
35:65:4 (Flyash:Class H:Bentonite) + 5% Plexcrete STE
96.0% 12.8
1.94
(120F)
+ 0.4% FLA + 0.3% CD + 0.6% SMS + 2.5 pps Salt +
24 hr-450
0.4% Retarder + 3 pps LCM
72 hr-1250
7 Day-1700
130
150
9000
4:16
60:40:0 (Flyash:Class H:Bentonite) + 4% Plexcrete STE
62.00
13.80 1.35
12 hr-900
+ 0.5% PVA + 0.5 pps Salt + 0.2% Retarder + 2 pps
24 hr-2200
LCM
72 hr-2600
120
135
8000
2:47
60:40:0 (Flyash:Class C:Bentonite) + 4% Plexcrete STE
62.00
13.80 1.35
12 hr-1300
+ 0.5% PVA + 0.5 pps Salt + 0.2% Retarder + 2 pps
24 hr-2400
LCM
72 hr-3000
110
130
6000
2:45
40:60:0 (Flyash:Class C:Bentonite) + 4% Plexcrete STE
67.50
13.80 1.43
12 hr-1100
+ 0.4% SMS
24 hr-1800
72 hr-2900
100
110
4000
3:20
35:65:0 (Flyash:Class C:Bentonite) + 6% Plexcrete STE
107.0
12.50 2.00
12 hr-650
+ 0.2% FLA + 0.85 SMS + 2.8 pps Salt
24 hr-900
72 hr-1300
80
100
1500
5:30
Class C + 6% Plexcrete STE + 3% SMS + 2% CaCl2
144.10 11.80 2.72
12 hr-288
24 hr-475
72 hr-750
ASA: Anti-Settling Agent, CD: Cement Dispersant, FLA: Fluid Loss Additive, LCM: Lost Circulation Material, PVA: Poly Vinyl Alcohol FLA.
Compressive strengths ran at BHST unless otherwise specified.

Fluid
Loss

Free
H2O

ND

ND

ND

ND

ND

1.4

ND

ND

ND

ND

ND

ND

ND

ND

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information
is, the best of our knowledge and belief, accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its accuracy, reliability or
completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss
or damage that may occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex, Ltd.

Plexaid StatFree
Antistatic Agent

Product Bulletin

GENERAL INFORMATION

RECOMMENDED USES

Plexaid StatFree is a powdered additive intended


to reduce static cling encountered in pneumatic
conveying of cement blends, pozzolan or silica
fume, frac sand, resin-coated proppants, and
similar materials. It can provide improved
conveying of these materials by reducing
blockages and wormholing in bins.

Plexaid StatFree is typically used at 0.02% to


0.05% by weight of the dry material being
treated. It should be added to the solids at the
earliest opportunity during handling; for
example, as the first component in a cement
blend. Dosage level will depend on the particular
material being treated. It is suggested that 0.05%
be used as a starting point, backing off or
increasing loading depending on local
experience.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Solubility in water:
Appearance:
Odor:
Flash point:
Ionic Charge:

Insoluble
Fine white powder
Faintly medicinal
None
Cationic

PACKAGING
Plexaid StatFree is obtainable in 50-pound bags.
DOT information: Not Regulated under D.O.T.
Dust may be irritating.

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION
Plexaid StatFree contains proven antistatic
agents absorbed on an inert non-crystalline silica
carrier. At recommended loadings it should not
significantly affect the properties of cement
slurries or of frac fluids.

AVAILABILITY
Plexaid StatFree is available from Chemplex,
Ltd. at any of our distribution facilities.

Created 13 August 2010

his information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex, Ltd.

Plexfoam C-7
Foamer for Cement

Product Bulletin

GENERAL INFORMATION

TREATING APPLICATIONS

Plexfoam C-7 is a product designed for foaming


cement for oilfield applications.

Plexfoam C-7 at loadings of around 0.1


gallon/sack will provide excellent foam stability
in normal foamed cement designs. It is widely
held to be good practice to avoid the use of
dispersants, highly dispersing additives like
lignosulfonate retarders, and, of course,
defoamers in foamed cement designs. Chemplex
C-18 as a fluid-loss additive and Chemplex C-26
as a retarder are suggested to avoid foam
stability problems.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Density:
Absolute volume:
Solubility in water:
Appearance:
Odor:
Flash Point:
Freeze Point:
pH:

8.66 lb/gal
0.115 gal/lb
Soluble
Yellow liquid
Faint rubbing alcohol
> 200F
5F
5.0 7.5

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION
Plexfoam C-7 foamer combines amphoteric and
anionic foaming agents in an alcohol/water
carrier. As some of the components are
ammonium salts, cement slurries containing
Plexfoam C-7 may smell like ammonia.

PACKAGING
Plexfoam C-7 is obtainable in 55 gallon poly
drums or poly totes.
DOT information: Not DOT regulated

AVAILABILITY
Plexfoam C-7 is available from Chemplex, Ltd.
at any of our stocking locations.
Updated 4 June 2010

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Chemplex, Ltd.

MC-500
Microfine Cement

Product Bulletin

GENERAL INFORMATION

RECOMMENDED USES

MC-500 is a form of cement with a particle size


about one-tenth that of API oilwell cements. This
small size makes it very useful for sealing small
leaks, a job that can be difficult with
conventional cement squeezes.

MC-500 can be mixed according to the


following schedule. The sack basis is 55 pounds
of product.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Specific gravity:
Appearance:
Absolute volume:
Solubility in water:

2.9
Tan powder
0.0414 gal/lb
Insoluble; reacts

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION

Mix water
Density
11.0 lb/gal 11.60 gal/sk
11.5 lb/gal
9.31 gal/sk
12.0 lb/gal
7.73 gal/sk

Yield
1.84 cu. ft./sk
1.55 cu. ft./sk
1.33 cu. ft./sk

Examples of some slurries are on the following


page. MC-500 should be considered for repair of
collar leaks, pinhole leaks in pipe, micro-annulus
leaks, or any situation where conventional
cement will not penetrate.

MC-500 is a cement prepared from blast-furnace


slag. It is chemically similar to a high sulfate
resistant (HSR) oil well cement.

PACKAGING

LIMITATIONS

MC-500 is furnished in 55-pound lined bags.


Opened containers should be tightly closed to
preserve integrity of product.

MC-500 should not be mixed at densities over


12.0 lb/gallon, as it will be very thick above that
density. The use of C-35 dispersant at 0.5% to
1% is strongly suggested both for mixability and
for best performance in penetrating leaks. MC500 is compatible with most conventional oil
well cement additives, though it will require
more retarder than conventional cements. Fluid
loss additives are not normally used with MC500.

AVAILABILITY
MC-500 is available from Chemplex facilities in
Snyder, Texas or from any of our stocking
locations.
Updated 1-18-10

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298

Example Slurries with MC-500


Density
11.0 lb/gal
11.5
12.0
11.5

gal/sk
11.6
9.31
7.73
9.31

additives
none
none
none
none

temperature
80 F
80 F
80 F
120 F

Strength
24-hour
72-hour
125 psi
225
450
240

185 psi
540
1060
440

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Density
11.5 lb/gal
11.5
12.0
12.0

gal/sk
9.31
9.31
7.73
7.73

additives
none
0.27 lb/sk C-35
1.10 lb/sk C-26
0.82 lb/sk C-26 +
0.82 lb/sk C-35

temperature
80 F
80 F
190 F
190 F

thickening time
~6 hr
~7 hr
~3.5 hr
~2.5 hr

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in
combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, the best of our knowledge and belief,
accurate and reliable as of the date compiled. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee is made as to its
accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the users responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability and
completeness of such information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may
occur from the use of this information nor do we offer any warranty against patent infringement.

Chemplex, Ltd. * P.O. Box 1071 * Snyder, TX 79550 * (325) 573-7298