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Headwear,Careof:OSHAnswers

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Headwear,Careof
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WhatshouldIknowaboutheadprotection?
Ifyouareatriskforheadinjuryatyourworkplace,youshouldweartheappropriate
headprotection.
Ifheadprotectionisrequired,establishacompletesafetyprotectionprogram
includingselection,fittesting,training,maintenanceandinspection.
Choosethecorrectheadwearforthejob.RefertoCSAStandardZ94.115
"IndustrialProtectiveHeadwearPerformance,Selection,Care,andUse"or
thelegislationthatappliesinyourjurisdiction.
Classesofheadwearcaninclude:
Type1protectionfromimpactandpenetrationatthecrown(top)and
Type2protectionfromimpact,penetrationatthecrown(top)and
laterally(sidesandback)
Eachtypeisalsoavailableinthefollowingclasses:
ClassE(20000Velectricalrating)nonconductingmaterial
(electricaltrades)
ClassG(2200Velectricalrating)nonconductingmaterial(general
trades)
ClassC(noelectricalrating)

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Headwearconsistsofashellandthesuspension.Theseworktogetherasa
systemandbothneedregularinspectionandmaintenance.
Donottransportheadwearinrearwindowsofvehicles.HeatandUVlightcan
damagethematerial,makingitbrittleandlessprotective.
Inspectheadwearbeforeeachuse.
Alwayscheckwiththemanufacturerwhenaddingorusingaccessories(non
metallicstickers,tape,bandanas,hankerchiefs,welder'scap,etc.).
Winterlinersshouldbeinspectedtoensuretheydonotinterferewithfitof
headwear.
Donotdrawthechinstrapoverthebrimorpeakoftheheadwear.
Donotwearbaseballstylehatsundertheheadwearasitinterfereswiththe
suspension.
Onlywearthehardhatwiththepeakattheback,ifthesuspensionhasbeen
adjustedsothenapestrapremainsatthebackofthehead.Checkwiththe
manufacturertoensuretheheadwearwasdesignedtobewornthisway.

Correctapplicationofreversedhardhatwithnapestrapatbackofhead
Ifhighvisibilityheadwearisrequired,consultwithCSAStandardZ96forcolour
andretroreflectiveperformancespecifications.
Insectrepellantorotherchemicalscandegradetheheadwearmaterial.Askthe
manufactureriftheproductsarecompatible.

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Headwear,Careof:OSHAnswers

WhatshouldIknowabouttheshellofmy
headwear?
Theshellisrigidandlight,andisshapedtodeflectfallingobjects.Correct
maintenanceisimportant.
DO:
Inspectandreplaceashellthatshowssignsofwear,scratchesorgouges.
Shellsexposedtoheat,sunlightandchemicalscanbecomestifforbrittle.A
visiblepatternoftinycracksmaydevelop.Overtime,weatheredhatscan
becomedullincolourorhaveachalkyappearance.
Replaceheadwearwhenanyoftheabovesignsofwearstarttoappear.
Replaceheadwearthathasbeenstruck,evenifnodamageisvisible.
Removeanddestroyanyheadwearifitsprotectiveabilitiesareindoubt.
DONOT:
Donotdrillholes,alterormodifytheshell.Alterationsmayreducethe
protectionprovidedbytheheadwear.
Donotpainttheplasticshell.Paintsolventscanmakeplasticheadwearbrittle
andmoresusceptibletocracks.Paintcanalsohidecracksthatmaydevelop.
Instead,usereflectivemarkingtapetomakenumbersorsymbolsfor
identificationpurposes.Someheadwearmaybepainted,butcheckwiththe
manufacturerforapproval.
Donotusewinterlinersthatcontainmetalorelectricallyconductivematerial
underClassGorEheadwear.
DonotusemetallabelsonClassGorEheadwear.

WhatshouldIknowaboutthesuspensionofmy
headwear?
Thesuspensionsystemisasimportantastheshell.Itholdstheshellawayfromthe
headandactsasashockabsorber.Italsoholdstheshellinplaceontheheadand
allowsairtoflowfreely.
Adjustheadbandsizesothatheadwearwillstayonwhenthewearerisbending
over,butnotsotightthatitleavesamarkontheforehead.
Ensurethatthesuspensionisingoodcondition.Themainpurposeofthe
suspensionistoabsorbenergy.
Lookcloselyforcrackedortornadjustmentslots,frayedmaterialorothersigns
ofwear.
Checkthesuspensionlugscarefully.Longperiodsofnormalusecandamage
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Headwear,Careof:OSHAnswers

thesuspension.Perspiration,hairoils,dirt,insecticides,hairspraysandhair
treatmentscanspeedupthedeteriorationofsuspensionmaterials.
Replacethesuspensionifithastornorbrokenthreads.
Onlyuselinersifapprovedbymanfuacturer.
Donotputanythingbetweenthesuspensionandtheshell.Theremustbea
clearanceinsidetheheadwearwhileitisbeingworn.Incaseofablowtothe
head,thatspacehelpsabsorbtheshock.
Donotuseasuspensionmadebyonemanufacturerwithproductsmadeby
anothermanufacturer.
Donotchangeoralteranyofthesuspension,linerorshell.

WhatshouldIknowaboutmaintenance?
Thecareandmaintenanceofheadwearareneedediftheheadwearistoprotectas
designed.Itslifespanisaffectedbynormaluseandbyheat,cold,chemicalsand
ultravioletrays.
Cleanthesuspensionandshellregularlyaccordingtothemanufacturers'
instructions.

DocumentlastupdatedonJanuary6,2016

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