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Second Edition

by

Ernest w. Flick

r;;:l

NavEs

Park

PUBLICA
Ridge,

New

TlaNs
Jersey,

U.S.A.

Copyright Q 1999 by Ernest W. Flick


No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in
any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical,
including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission
in miting from the Publisher.
Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 99-20463
ISBN: 0-81 55-1 440-9
Printed in the United States
Published in the United States of America by
Noyes PublicationsfWilliam Andrew Publishing, LLC
13 Eaton Avenue, Norwich, New York 13815
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 I

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data


Flick, Ernest W.
Printing ink and overprint varnish formulations /by Ernest W.
Flick. -- 2nd ed.
p. cm.
Includes index.
ISBN 0-8155-1440-9
1. Printing-ink.
1. Title.
TP949.FS7 1999
667'.5--dc21

99-20463
CIP

Overprint Varnishes

63

General Purpose OPV (Joncrvl 16791


Primary Purpose:
T h i s i s a general purpose OPV w i t h adequate g l o s s and hardness
f o r most general purpose uses. The f o r m u l a t i o n can be used as a
guide, t o a l l o w t h e f o r m u l a t o r f l e x i b i l i t y i n approaching t h e
more e x o t i c requirements o f some OPV's.
Formu 1a :
J o n c r y l 678
J o n c r y l 77
Z i n c Oxide S o l u t i o n #1
Jonwax 26
Sodi um Hydroxi de
Bubble Breaker 748
Water

Wt%

Section II

Overprint Varnishes

8.80
59.00
5.90
10.00
1.90
0.20
14.20

Formula J o n c r y l 1679
OPV f o r Wet L i t h o (CDX-562)

P r i m a r y Purpose:
OPV f o r i n - l i n e and o f f - l i n e c o a t ngs on l i t h o g r a p h c p r i n t e d
surfaces using epic-type a p p l i c a t o r s
Formul a :
J o n c r y l 678
J o n c r y l 77
J o n c r y l 89
Jonwax 26
Ammon ia
I PA
Water
W e t t i n g Agent
Preservative
A n t i -foam
Typical C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
T o t a l N o n - V o l a t i l e : 38.5-40.5s
V i s c o s i t y : 100-300 cps
pH: 8.5-9.0
Lbs. /Gal l o n : 8.5-9.0
Formula CDX-562

SOURCE: SC Johnson Polymer: Suggested Formulations

Wt%
7.0
40.0
20.0
10.0
1.5
4.0
13.8
3.0
0.2
0.5

Overprint Varnishes

63

General Purpose OPV (Joncrvl 16791


Primary Purpose:
T h i s i s a general purpose OPV w i t h adequate g l o s s and hardness
f o r most general purpose uses. The f o r m u l a t i o n can be used as a
guide, t o a l l o w t h e f o r m u l a t o r f l e x i b i l i t y i n approaching t h e
more e x o t i c requirements o f some OPV's.
Formu 1a :
J o n c r y l 678
J o n c r y l 77
Z i n c Oxide S o l u t i o n #1
Jonwax 26
Sodi um Hydroxi de
Bubble Breaker 748
Water

Wt%
8.80
59.00
5.90
10.00
1.90
0.20
14.20

Formula J o n c r y l 1679
OPV f o r Wet L i t h o (CDX-562)

P r i m a r y Purpose:
OPV f o r i n - l i n e and o f f - l i n e c o a t ngs on l i t h o g r a p h c p r i n t e d
surfaces using epic-type a p p l i c a t o r s
Formul a :
J o n c r y l 678
J o n c r y l 77
J o n c r y l 89
Jonwax 26
Ammon ia
I PA
Water
W e t t i n g Agent
Preservative
A n t i -foam
Typical C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
T o t a l N o n - V o l a t i l e : 38.5-40.5s
V i s c o s i t y : 100-300 cps
pH: 8.5-9.0
Lbs. /Gal l o n : 8.5-9.0
Formula CDX-562

SOURCE: SC Johnson Polymer: Suggested Formulations

Wt%
7.0
40.0
20.0
10.0
1.5
4.0
13.8
3.0
0.2
0.5

64

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

Grease-Barrier O v e r p r i n t s
Table 1 g i v e s a formula f o r an o i l - b a r r i e r o v e r p r i n t based on
CAP-482-0.5. Table 2 shows a comparison o f o i l p e n e t r a t i o n
r e s i s t a n c e o f t h e CAP-482-0.5 o v e r p r i n t w i t h v a r i o u s o t h e r
overprints.
Grease- and O i l - B a r r i e r

Table 1
O v e r m i n t Based on CAP-482-0.9

Components:
CAP-482-0.5
Eastman T r i a c e t i n p l a s t i c i z e r
Tecsol C s o l vent (anhydrous)
E t h y l a c e t a t e (99%)

Wt%

Lb/100 U.S.

21.7
1.8
53.5
23.0

Gal.
161.2
13.4
397.5
170.9

Propert ies :
N o n v o l a t i l e , w t % : 23.5
V i s c o s i t y a t 24C (75F):
Brookf ie l d, mPa-s ( cP) : 576
No. 3 Zahn Cup, sec: 74
The o v e r p r i n t shown i n Table 1 may be reduced t o a p p l i c a t i o n
v i s c o s i t y w i t h a 70/30 weight b l e n d o f Tecsol C s o l v e n t [(anhyd r o u s ) / e t h y l a c e t a t e (99%).] T r i a c e t i n p l a s t i c i z e r , w h i l e n o t
mandatory i n t h e f o r m u l a t i o n , may be used t o g i v e f l e x i b i l i t y
t o the f i l m .
Gloss o f t h e o v e r p r i n t may be improved by r e s i n m o d i f i c a t i o n
w i t h m a t e r i a l s such as A c r y l o i d 8-68 a c r y l i c r e s i n a t approxi m a t e l y two weight p a r t s CAP-482-0.5 t o one weight p a r t a c r y l i c
resin.
Table 2
O i 1 P e n e t r a t i o n Resistance o f Various O v e r p r i n t s ( a 1
Type o f O v e r p r i n t :
CAP-482-0.5 (GLRC-4)
Nitrocellulose
Polyamide
Vinyl chloride-acetate
copolymer

Test Period
Hours
2
2
2

Test Temp.
CfF)
66(151)
66( 151 )
66(151)

66( 151 )

O i l Penetration
Resistance
Excel l e n t
Fair
Poor

Fai r

( a ) O v e r p r i n t s were a p p l i e d t o clay-coated paperboard and


allowed t o d r y o v e r n i g h t a t room temperature. Corn o i l c o n t a i n i n g a r e d dye was placed on each o v e r p r i n t e d s u r f a c e and allowed
t o remain i n c o n t a c t f o r 2 hours a t 66C (151F). The t e s t m a t e r i a l s were then wiped o f f t h e o v e r p r i n t e d surfaces w i t h a s o f t
t i s s u e , and t h e degree o f p e n e t r a t i o n was observed.

SOURCE: Eastman Chemical Co.: Formula GLRC-4

Overprint Varnishes

Heat R e s i s t a n t OPV

wt%

Raw M a t e r i a l s :
Place i n t o a c l e a n m i x i n g vessel:
Carboset GA-1604
Carboset GA-1166

53.4
19.4

Premix and and s l o w l y w h i l e m i x i n g :


Water
Z i n p l e x 15

16.0
4.3

Add w h i l e m i x i n g :
BYK 321
Michem 160
BYK 045
Mix f o r 30 minutes.

1.1
5.4
0.3

F o r m u l a t i o n Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Weight, %: 31
V i s c o s i t y , B r o o k f i e l d , 25C, c p s : 47
V i s c o s i t y , #2 Zahn, 25C: 25 seconds
pH: 9 . 3
G l o s s : 45
B l o c k i n g , Face-to-Face. 20 p s i : 420F
S l i d e A n g l e * : 31
C o e f f i c i e n t of F r i c t i o n (COF): 0 . 6
* T e s t i n g on C a r o l i n a 18 s t o c k . C o a t i n g a p p l i e d g r a v u r e (165
l i n e a n i l o x ) head p r o o f e r .
F o r m u l a t i o n CL-165
P e t Food Bag OPV
Raw M a t e r i a k
Carboset GA-1604

60.0

Add t h e f o l l o w i n g w h i l e m i x i n g :
15% Z i n c Ammonium Carbonate
Isopropyl Alcohol
Water
OP-340
L i q i g a r d 85
S a n t i c i z e r 160

4.0
5.0
27.0
1. o
2.0
1. o

Physi c a l P r o p e r t i6 s :
V i s c o s i t y , Zahn #2, 25C, s e c s . :
pH: 9 . 5 4
D r y B l o c k T e s t : Pass
Wet B l o c k T e s t : Pass
S l i d e Angle: 38.0
F o r m u l a t i o n CL-230

18

SOURCE: BF G o o d r i c h S p e c i a l t y Polymers: Carboset F o r m u l a t i o n s

65

66

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

Heat S e a l a b l e O v e r p r i n t s
A l t h o u g h CAP-482-0.5 has a h i g h s o f t e n i n g range [188C (370F)
t o 210C (41OF)], t h i s c e l l u l o s e e s t e r can be m o d i f i e d t o produce
an o v e r p r i n t which h e a t s e a l s under c o n d i t i o n s used i n t h e
industry

Table 5 gives a f o r m u l a t i o n f o r a heat-seal o v e r p r i n t f o r


paper. T h i s o v e r p r i n t heat-sealed t o i t s e l f ( f a c e - t o - f a c e ) a t
149C (300F) and 2 . 8 kg/cm 2 (40 p s i ) , and an u n p r i n t e d s u r f a c e
( f a c e - t o - b a c k ) a t 177C (350F) and 2 . 8 kg/cm 2 (40 p s i ) i n t h r e e
seconds on Kromecoat p a p e r . ( 1 )
Table 5
Components:
CAP-482-0.5
Eastman DOP p l a s t i c i z e r
SAIB-90 (Sucrose a c e t a t e i s o b u t y r a t e )
Tecsol C s o l v e n t (anhydrous)
E t h y l a c e t a t e (99%)

K%
16.0
8.0
17.7
43.3
15.0

Lb/100 U S . Gal
124.6
62.3
137.9
337.3
116.9

Properties:
V i s c o s i t y a t 24C ( 7 5 F ) :
B r o o k f i e l d , mPa-s ( c P ) : 422
No. 3 Zahn Cup, sec: 52

I f necessary, t h e o v e r p r i n t s o l u t i o n g i v e n i n T a b l e 5 may be
d i l u t e d w i t h a 70/30 b l e n d o f Tecsol C s o l v e n t (anhydrous) and
e t h y l a c e t a t e (99%). H e a t - s e a l i n g c o n d i t i o n s may be reduced by
i n c r e a s i n g t h e DOP and t h e S A I B c o n c e n t r a t i o n s , b o t h o f which
f u n c t i o n t o s o f t e n t h e f i l m so t h a t a s e a l can be formed.
( 1 ) P r o d u c t o f Champion I n t e r n a t i o n a l
Overprints

Repul p

CAP-504-0.2 possesses t h e a b i l i t y t o f o r m h i g h - g l o s s o v e r p r i n t s w h i c h a r e r e p u l p a b l e under c o n d i t i o n s a c c e p t a b l e t o t h e


industry.
Paper o v e r p r i n t e d w i t h t h e r m o p l a s t i c CAP-504-0.2
r e p u l p e d under t h e f o l l o w i n g c o n d i t i o n s :

can be

1 . Heat a m i x t u r e o f 1 w t % o v e r p r i n t e d paper i n 99 w t % o f a 1
w t % aqueous s o l u t i o n o f NaOH a t 82C (180F) f o r 30 m i n u t e s .
2 . A g i t a t e t h e m i x t u r e ( a f t e r h e a t i n g ) a t moderate speed f o r
30 m i n u t e s .
Heat-Resi s t a n t O v e r p r i n t s
~

O v e r p r i n t s w i t h h e a t and chemical r e s i s t a n c e can be f o r m u l a t e d


by c r o s s - l i n k i n g CAP-482-0.5 o r CAP-504-0.2 w i t h a r e a c t i v e
resi n,
SOURCE: Eastman Chemical C o . : Formula GLRC-5

Overprint Varnishes

67

H i a h Gloss OPV (CDX-563)


P r i m a r y Purpose:
H i g h e s t g l o s s OPV f o r f l e x o / g r a v u r e
board, and p r i m e d o r unprimed f o i l .

a p p l i c a t i o n s on p a p e r ,

Wt%

Formula :
J o n c r y l 682
J o n c r y l 77
J o n c r y l 89
Ammon ia
Jonwax 26
Water
I PA
B u t y l C e l l os01 ve
Z i n c O x i d e S o l u t i o n #1

18.0
37.0
10.0
4.0
8.0
13.0
3.0
4.0
3.0

Typical Characteristics:
T o t a l N o n - V o l a t i l e : 40.5-42.5%
V i s c o s i t y : 200-800 c p s
pH: 8 . 7 - 9 . 3
Lbs./Gallon: 8.7
F o r m u l a t i o n CDX-563
H o t Mar R e s i s t a n t O v e r p r i n t V a r n i s h
SCX-660
Anti-Foam:
Water

80.00
0.25
19.75

Bubble B r e a k e r 748

OPV Performance Data*


pH: 8 . 3
V i s c o s i t y , seconds, Zahn cup #2: 30
Hot Mar R e s i s t a n c e , F: 450
60 G l o s s : 48
S t a t i c S l i d e Angle: 24
S u t h e r l a n d D r y Rub R e s i s t a n c e , C y c l e s * * :

200

A d d i t i o n a l l y , h o t mar r e s i s t a n c e can be i n c r e a s e d t o approxi m a t e l y 500F when SCX-660 i s u t i l i z e d as t h e i n k l e t d o w n v e h i c l e


and t h e n o v e r p r i n t e d w i t h t h e above v a r n i s h f o r m u l a t i o n .
* R e p r e s e n t a t i v e p e r f o r m a n c e r e s u l t s can be o b t a i n e d i n t h e
l a b o r a t o r y by s i m u l a t i o n o f t h e c o r r u g a t i o n heat a f t e r
a p p l i c a t i o n . Performance p r o p e r t i e s a r e s u b s t r a t e and i n k
f o r m u l a t i o n dependent. I n k s have been a p p l i e d w i t h 180 Q.
A n i l o x . OPV has been a p p l i e d w i t h 165 Q. A n i l o x .
* * T e s t r e s u l t s based on v a r i o u s c l a y c o a t e d l i n e r s .

SOURCE: SCJohnson Polymer: Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

68

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

H i g h - G l o s s Thermoset O v e r p r i n t Based on CAP-504-LL.2

Wt%
Lb/100 U . S . Gal
Components:
P a r t A:
CAP-504-0.2
7.5
56.4
Cyme1 300 hexamethoxymethylme1 ami ne r e s i n
15.0
112.8
Krumbhaar K-1979 p o l y e s t e r r e s i n
7.5
56.4
BYK 301 (50%) s l i p a d d i t i v e
2.0
15.0
52.5
394.7
Tecsol C s o l v e n t (anhydrous)
E t h y l a c e t a t e (99%)
9.5
71 . 4
P a r t B:
p - t o l u e n e s u l f o n i c a c i d (50% i n
6.0
45.1
ethyl alcohol)
Add P a r t B t o a s o l u t i o n o f P a r t A. T h i s o v e r p r i n t i s s t a b l e
f o r a p p r o x i m a t e l y one month a t room t e m p e r a t u r e and a t a p p l i c a tion viscosity.
Properties:
V i s c o s i t y a t 24C ( 7 5 F ) :
B r o o k f i e l d , mPa-s ( c P ) : 32
N o . 3 Zahn Cup, s e c : 20
Formula FCRC-6
Typical

Overprint Formulation

Components:
P a r t A:
CAP-504-0.2
7.8
Resi mene U-980
15.5
BYK-301 a d d i t i v e (50%)
1.o
74.5
S o l v e n t b l e n d (See b e l o w )
P a r t B:
1.2
p-Toluenesulfonic acid
Add P a r t B t o a s o l u t i o n o f P a r t A .
Properties:
W t % s o l i d s : 25.0
Relative properties (5=8est):
Scuff resistance: 5
Gloss: 5
Solvent release: 4
Suggested S o l v e n t B l e n d s :
B l e n d 1: E t h y l a l c o h o l : S O / W a t e r ( l ) : 10: 100
B l e n d 2 : I s o p r o p y l a l c o h o l : 8 0 / W a t e r ( l ) : 20: 100
Blend 3: n-Propyl a l c o h o l : 70/Water(l):30:
100
B l e n d 4: E t h y l a l c o h o l : 9 O / E t h y l a c e t a t e : 1 0 : 100
( 1 ) The p e r c e n t a g e s g i v e n a r e optimum w a t e r l e v e l s f o r
s o l u b i l i t y and f i l m c l a r i t y . I f d e s i r e d , w a t e r can b e
changed +/-5% w i t h o u t any d e t r i m e n t a l e f f e c t .
F o r m u l a FCMC-2
SOURCE: Eastman Chemical Co.:

Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

Overprint Varnishes

H i g h S k i d Angle/Low

VOC O v e r p r i n t V a r n i s h

Raw M a t e r i a1 s :
Place i n t o c l e a n m i x i n g vessel:
Carboset XPD-1993
63.0
Add w h i l e m i x i n g :
Carboset XPD-1926
25.0
Water
8.0
S u r f y n o l OP-340
2.0
L i q u i t r o n 250
2.0
Formulation Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Weight, %: 42.7
pH: 8.7
Weight p e r g a l l o n , pounds: 8 . 8
V i s c o s i t y , Zahn #2 @ 25C, seconds: 40.0
Drawdown V i s c o s i t y , #2 Zahn, seconds: 28.0
% Water Added: 3 . 0
G l o s s on O p a c i t y C h a r t , 60, #3wwr: 50.0
G l o s s * : 43.0
B l o c k i n g , 45 p s i , Face-to-Back*: Passes 270F
B l o c k i n g , 45 p s i , Face-to-Face*: Passes 220F
S l i d e Angle*: 40
C o e f f i c i e n t o f F r i c t i o n (COF)*: 0.816
* T e s t i n g p e r f o r m e d on F r a n c o t e 18 s t o c k . C o a t i n g a p p l i e d
g r a v u r e (150 l i n e a n i l o x ) a t drawdown v i s c o s i t y .
F o r m u l a t i o n CL-210

Low VOC O v e r p r i n t V a r n i s h
Raw M a t e r i a l s :
Place i n t o c l e a n m i x i n g vessel:
Carboset XPD-1993
35.0
Add w h i l e m i x i n g :
Carboset XPD-1926
61 .O
L i q u i t r o n 250
2.0
S u r f y n o l OP-340
2.0
Formulation Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Weight, %: 42.7
pH: 8 . 9
Weight p e r G a l l o n , pounds: 8 . 8
V i s c o s i t y , B r o o k f i e l d , 25C, c p s : 3000
Drawdown V i s c o s i t y , #2 Zahn, seconds: 2 9 . 0
% Water Added: 21.0
G l a s s on O p a c i t y C h a r t , 60, #3wwr: 47.0
G l o s s * : 48.0
B l o c k i n g , 45 p s i , Face-to-Back*:
Passes 370F
B l o c k i n g , 45 p s i , Face-to-Face*: Passes 270F
S l i d e A n g l e * : 28
C o e f f i c i e n t o f F r i c t i o n (COF)*: 0 . 5 3
* T e s t i n g p e r f o r m e d on F r a n c o t e 18 s t o c k . Coat ng a p p l i e d
g r a v u r e ( 1 5 0 l i n e a n i l o x ) a t drawdown v i s c o s t Y .
Formul a t ion CL-212

SOURCE:

BF G o o d r i c h S p e c i a l t y Polymers: Carboset F o r m u l a t i o n s

69

70

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

Low VOC O v e r p r i n t V a r n i s h
W S

Raw M a t e r i a l s :
Place i n t o a c l e a n m i x i n g vessel:
Carboset GA-2136

63.C

Then add whi l e m i x i ng:


Carboset GA-1926
Water
S u r f y n o l OP-340
WWX-1041

25.0
8.0
2.0
2.0

F o r m u l a t i on C o n s t a n t s :
T o t a l s o l i d s b y w e i g h t , % ( t h e o r e t i c a l ) : 42.8
pHi 8.65
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b s . : 8 . 9
V i s c o s i t y , B r o o k f i e l d , 25C, c p s : 160
Drawdown V i s c o s i t y , #2 Zahn, seconds: 25
(% w a t e r added): 7
60 G l o s s , C a r o l i n a 18, #4wwr: 68.5
60 G l o s s , O p a c i t y c a r d , #4wwr: 5 4 . 0
B l o c k i n g , 20 p s i , Face-to-Back, F: 235
B l o c k i n g , 20 p s i , Face-to-Face, F: 215
S l i d e Angle: 34.5
C o e f f i c i e n t o f F r i c t i o n (COF): 0.68
60 G l o s s : 69
Water R e s i s t a n c e ( 1 E x c e l l e n t \ 5 P o o r ) : 1
A l c o h o l Rub R e s i s t a n c e ( 1 E x c e l l e n t \ S P o o r ) : 2

SOURCE: BF G o o d r i c h S p e c i a l t y Polymers:

F o r m u l a t i o n CL-234

Overprint Varnishes

71

O f f s e t I n k T r a i n - Varnish
J o n c r y l 74 a l s o l e n d s i t s e l f t o t h e f o r m u l a t i o n o f w a t e r
reducible overprint varnish f o r o f f s e t p r i n t i n g applications.
These v a r n i s h e s can b e a p p l i e d t h r o u g h t h e e x i s t i n g i n k f o u n t a i n
i n web o f f s e t h e a t s e t and s h e e t f e d o p e r a t i o n s , e l i m i n a t i n g t h e
need f o r a s e p a r a t e r o l l e r c o a t e r o r t o w e r c o a t e r . The "open"
t i m e o f f i n i s h e d p r o d u c t s w i l l b e d i r e c t l y r e l a t e d t o t h e amine/
g l y c o l combination selected a l l o w i n g f o r broad formulating
parameters. A t y p i c a l " s t a r t i n g p o i n t " formula c o u l d i n c l u d e
t h e s e components:
Wt%
25.0
25.0
15.0
10.0
10.0
15.0

J o n c r y l 682
P r o p y l e n e G1 y c o l
Ammonia, 28%
J o n c r y l 89
Jonwax 26
J o n c r y l 74
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y : 690 c p s
V i s c o s i t y @ 96 h r s : 1600 c p s
pH: 1 0 . 0
T o t a l Polymer S o l i d s : 38.0%
G l o s s , #6 r o d on L e n e t a N2C:
B l a c k : 90 d e g r e e s
W h i t e : 88 d e g r e e s
Sutherland, 4 l b x 50: Scratched
S l i d e A n g l e , s t a t i c : 30 d e g r e e s
S l i d e A n g l e , k i n e t i c : 27 d e g r e e s
Dry time*, ambient: 4 h r s . approx.

*Oven a s s i s t e d d r y t i m e s u p p o r t s web o f f s e t p r i n t i n g , speeds


Procedure:
D i s s o l v e J o n c r y l 682 i n p r o p y l e n e g l y c o l
A 1a b o r a t o r y b l e n d e r
and pre-warmed g l y c o l w i l l y i e l d a u s a b l e s o l u t i o n i n a p p r o x
i m a t e l y 10 m i n u t e s a t h i g h s p e e d . Add ammonia t o r e s i n s o l u t i o n .
I n a s e p a r a t e v e s s e l , add J o n c r y l 89 t o Jonwax 26 and m i x t o
u n i f o r m i t y . Add J o n c r y l 89/Jonwax 26 b l e n d t o r e s i n s o l u t i o n
u n d e r s t e a d y a g i t a t i o n . F i n a l l y , add J o n c r y l 74 t o t o t a l b a t c h
under a g i t a t i o n and m i x t o u n i f o r m i t y .

SOURCE: SC Johnson P o l y m e r : J o n c r y l 74 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n

72

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

O v e r p r i n t Lacouer f o r H i a h - Q u a l i t y G i f t WraD

E
%

Components:
Eastek 2140 polymer d i s p e r s i o n (31321) ( a )
Eastek 1300 polymer d i s p e r s i o n (31281) ( a )
n-Propyl a l c o h o l
Wax e m u l s i o n ( b )
S u r f y n o l 104 PA s u r f a c t a n t ( c )
B i o c i d e (d)

70.3
23.1
4.2
2.0
0.3
0.1

( a ) Eastman
( b ) Suggested wax emulsions i n c l u d e F l e x o n i c 600 and F l e x o n i c
901 ( L a w t e r ) ; Hydrocer 600 and Hydrocer 901 (Shamrock
T e c h n o l o g i e s ) ; Jonwax 26 (S.C. Johnson); Michem 46940
and Michem 48040 (Michelman).
( c ) A i r Products
( b ) Suggested b i o c i d e s i n c l u d e Tektamer 38LV (Calgon); P r o x e l
GXL and P r o x e l BD (Zeneca).
F o r m u l a t i o n Notes:
1. Components a r e l i s t e d i n o r d e r o f a d d i t i o n .
2 . T y p i c a l p r i n t i n g v i s c o s i t y i s 17-20 sec/#2 Zahn EZ s e r i e s cup.
I f necessary t o a d j u s t v i s c o s i t y , t h i s f o r m u l a t i o n can be c u t
w i t h w a t e r o r w i t h an 80/20 b l e n d o f w a t e r / n - p r o p y l a l c o h o l .
3 . T h i s f o r m u l a t i o n i s u s e f u l as a b a l a n c e d e x t e n d e r f o r Eastek
2140 and Eastak 1300 i n k s .
Application:

Gravure

Substrates:
G i f t wrap
Coated p a p e r s
Features:
*High g1,oss o v e r a c r y l i c - o r s o l v e n t - b a s e d
* F a s t r u n n i n g speeds
*No pH a d j u s t m e n t s needed

inks

SOURCE: Eastman Chemicals: E a s t e k S t a n d a r d No. 91295

Overprint Varnishes

73

Overprint Varnish
J o n c r y l 67 c a n a l s o be u t i l i z e d i n o v e r p r i n t v a r n i s h f o r m u l a t i o n s t o enhance r e s o l u b i l i t y , t r a n s f e r , and g l o s s / l e v e l i n g
p r o p e r t i e s . The f o l l o w i n g i l l u s t r a t e s a f o r m u l a t h a t w o u l d be
appropriate f o r i n - l i n e l i t h o applications.

wtsb
Jonwax 26
J o n c r y l 89
J o n c r y l 77
J o n c r y l 63
Isopropanol
W e t t i n g A g e n t : A e r o s o l OT-75
A n t i f o a m : B u b b l e B r e a k e r 748
Performance D a t a :
Non-Vol a t i 1e : 39.3%
pH: 8 . 5
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y , s e c s ( # 3 Z a h n ) : 20
60 G l o s s on L e n e t a Form N2A ( B l a c k / W h i t e ) :

10.0
20.0
39.0
23.5
4.0
3.0
0.5

79/78

Overprint Varnish
J o n c r y l 56 i s an e x c e l l e n t r e s i n s o l u t i o n f o r o v e r p r i n t
v a r n i s h e s . OPVs u s i n g J o n c r y l 56 can be f o r m u l a t e d t o i m p r o v e
a l k a l i , w a t e r , and wet b l o c k r e s i s t a n c e .
% -by~--We-ight_
C o a l e s c e d J o n c r y l 537*
45.0
J o n c r y l 56
30.0
N-propyl Alcohol
5.0
10.0
Water
Jonwax 26
10.0
Performance Data:
V i s c o s i t y ( c p s ) * * : 285
60 G l o s s on L e n e t a 2A-White:
W h i t e : 88
B l a c k : 89
Water R e s i s t a n c e ( 5 m i n u t e w a t e r s p o t ) : E x c e l l e n t
* * B r o o k f i e l d LVF #2 s p i n d l e , 3 0 rpm. 25C
*Coalesced J o n c r y l 5 3 7 :
J o n c r y l 537 i s an a c r y l i c e m u l s i o n t h a t has been s p e c i f i c a l l y
designed f o r i t s a l k a l i r e s i s t a n c e p r o p e r t i e s . I t i s a hard
p o l y m e r t h a t needs t o be c o a l e s c e d ( s o f t e n e d ) i n o r d e r t o
maximize i t s r e s i s t a n c e and f i l m f o r m i n g p r o p e r t i e s .
% by_Weight
95.0
J o n c r y l 537
G l y c o l E t h e r : B u t y l C e l l o s o l v e & E k t a s o l v e EB
5.0
Add t h e c o a l e s e c i n g s o l v e n t t o t h e J o n c r y l 537 w i t h moderate
a g i t a t i o n . C o n t i n u e a g i t a t i o n u n t i l homogeneous.
SOURCE: SCJohnson Polymers:

Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

74

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

O v e r p r i n t V a r n i s h o v e r Wet L i t h o I n k

Wt%

Raw M a t e r ia1 s :
Place i n t o a c l e a n m i x i n g v e s s e l :
Carboset GA-1324

63.5

Add w h i l e m i x i n g :
Carboset GA-1931
DOSS OT-75
Isopropanol
B e n z o f l e x 50
P r o p y l e n e G1y c o l

26.5
2.6
2.1
2.1
3.2

Formulation P r o p e r t i e s :
pHi 8 . 6
Weight p e r G a l l o n , pounds: 8 . 7
P r i n t V i s c o s i t y , Zahn #3, seconds: 25
% Water Added: 1 8 . 0
G l o s s , 60C: R o l l o u t w i t h 1 8 0 - l i n e hand p r o o f e r o v e r d o u b l e
bump o f l i t h o i n k a p p l i e d w i t h quick-peek p r o o f e r .
M e t a l 1ized Paper: 72
SBS Board: 54
F o r m u l a t i o n CL-232
Low VOC O v e r p r i n t V a r n i s h

Wt%

Raw M a t e r i a l s :
Place i n t o a clean m i x i n g vessel :
Carboset XPD-1324

63.0

Add w h i l e m i x i n g :
Carboset XPD-1926
Water
S u r f y n o l OP-340
L i q u i t r o n 250
Foamblast 370

25.0
7.9
2.0
2.0
0.1

Formulation Constants:
Drawdown V i s c o s i t y , #2, seconds: 25
(% w a t e r added): (6%)
G l o s s on O p a c i t y C h a r t , 60, #4wwr: 51.3
G l o s s on O p a c i t y C h a r t , 60: 48.9
200 l i n e a n i l o x r o l l o u t
G l o s s on C a r o l i n a 18, 60, #4wwr: 63.1
S l i d e A n g l e : 22
C o e f f i c i e n t o f F r i c t i o n (COF): 0.40
T e s t i n g p e r f o r m e d on C a r o l i n a 18 s t o c k . C o a t i n g a p p l i e d #4
WWR a drawdown v i s c o s i t y .

SOURCE: BF G o o d r i c h S p e c i a l t y Chemicals: Carboset F o r m u l a t i o n s

Overprint Varnishes

75

O v e r p r i n t Varnishes
The f o l l o w i n g a r e s t a r t i n g p o i n t f o r m u l a t i o n s f o r h i g h g l o s s ,
h i g h s o l i d s o v e r p r i n t v a r n i s h e s made f r o m J o n c r y l 682 commerc i a l l y a v a i l a b l e s o l u t i o n s . The i n g r e d i e n t s a r e l i s t e d i n t h e
appropri a t e order o f addition.
H i q h Gloss

Wt%
Jonwax 26
Water
J o n c r y l 89
J o n c r v l 77
J o n c r i l 52
G l y c o l E t h e r : B u t y l C e l l o s o l v e & E k t a s o l v e EB
Z i n c O x i d e S o l u t i o n #1

OPV Performance D a t a :
S o l i d s : 40.2%
V i s c o s i t y ( c p s ) * : 230
V i s c o s i t y , #3 Zahn ( s e c s ) : 16
60 G l o s s on L e n e t a N2A:
B l a c k : 90
W h i t e : 87
pH: 9 . 1
T h e o r e t i c a l VOC ( b y w e i g h t ) : 7.2%
* B r o o k f i e l d LVF #2 s p i n d l e , 30 rpm,
Low

7.7
11.7
9.6
35.5
28.8
3.8
2.9

25C

voc
Wt%

Jonwax 26
Water
J o n c r y l 89
J o n c r y l 77
J o n c r y l 50
OPV Performance D a t a :
S o l i d s : 42.9%
V i s c o s i t y ( c p s ) * : 230
V i s c o s i t y , #3 Zahn ( s e c s ) : 16
60 G l o s s on L e n e t a N2A:
B l a c k : 81
W h i t e : 77
pH: 8 . 4
T h e o r e t i c a l VOC ( b y w e i g h t ) : 0.7%
* B r o o k f i e l d LVF #2 s p i n d l e , 30 rpm,

8.2
6.6
10.3
37.9
37.0

25C

SOURCE: SCJohnson Polymer: J o n c r y l 682 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

76

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Fvrmulations

O v e r p r i n t Varnishes
S o l u t i o n s o f J o n c r y l 678 a r e e s s e n t i a l components o f o v e r p r i n t
v a r n i s h e s t h a t r e q u i r e e x c e l l e n t r e s o l u b i l i t y , g l o s s , and h o l d o u t . "Water r e s i s t a n t " r e f e r s t o t h e w a t e r s h e d d i n g p r o p e r t i e s
r e q u i r e d t o m a n u f a c t u r e p r o d u c t s l i k e f r e s h p r o d u c e boxes and
paper p l a t e s . The i n g r e d i e n t s a r e l i s t e d i n t h e recommended
order o f a d d i t i o n .
Water R e s i s t a n t

Wt%
Jonwax 120
Water
A n t i f o a m : B u b b l e B r e a k e r 748
J o n c r y l 77
J o n c r y l 74
J o n c r y l 61
Z i n c Oxide #1
S i 1 icone Emu1s i on: A e r o s o l OT-75

15.0
0.9
0.1
32.5
32.5
14.0
1.5
3.5

N o n - V o l a t i l e : 41 .O%
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y , secs ( # 3 Zahn): 15
V i s c o s i t y , 1 week, secs ( # 3 Zahn): 21
pH: 8 . 5
G l o s s , 60: 62
S u t h e r l a n d Rub ( l = b e s t ; l O = w o r s t ) :
Face-to-Face: 8
Face-to-Back: 8
S t a t i c S l i d e Angle:
Face-to-Face: 30
Face-to-Back: 29
K i n e t i c S l i d e Angle:
Face-to-Face: 12
Face-to-Back: 12
Water Shedding: E x c e l l e n t

SOURCE: SCJohnson Polymer: J o n c r y l 678 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n

Overprint Varnishes

77

O v e r p r i n t V a r n i shes
S o l u t i o n s o f J o n c r y l 678 a r e e s s e n t i a l components o f o v e r p r i n t
v a r n i s h e s t h a t r e q u i r e e x c e l l e n t r e s o l u b i l i t y , g l o s s , and h o l d o u t . " I n - l i n e l i t h o " i s related t o the a b i l i t y o f the varnish t o
l e v e l and d r y o v e r f r e s h l y a p p l i e d o i l based i n k s . The i n g r e d i e n t s a r e l i s t e d i n t h e recommended o r d e r o f a d d i t i o n .
In-Line L i t h o

Wt%
Jonwax 26
Water
J o n c r y l 89
A n t i f o a m : B u b b l e B r e a k e r 748
J o n c r y l 77
J o n c r y l 61
W e t t i n g / L e v e l i n g a g e n t : LE-410
Isopropanol

10.0
3.5
20.0
0.5

40.0
20.0
3.0
3.0

Non-Vol a t i 1e: 38.5%


I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y , secs ( # 3 Zahn): 16
V i s c o s i t y , 1 week, secs ( # 3 Zahn): 18
pH: 8 . 4
G l o s s , 60: 69
S u t h e r l a n d Rub ( l = b e s t ; l O = w o r s t ) :
Face-to-Face: 5
Face-to-Back: 5
S t a t i c S l i d e Angle:
Face-to-Face: 27
Face-to-Back: 25
K i n e t i c S l i d e Angle:
Face-to-Face: 16
Face-to-Back: 17

SOURCE: SCJohnson Polymer: J o n c r y l 078 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n

78

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

O v e r p r i n t Varnishes
S o l u t i o n s o f J o n c r y l 678 a r e e s s e n t i a l components o f o v e r p r i n t
v a r n i s h e s t h a t r e q u i r e e x c e l l e n t r e s o l u b i l i t y , g l o s s , and h o l d o u t . "General p u r p o s e " would p r o v i d e t h e k i n d o f f i l m i n t e g r i t y
n e c e s s a r y f o r f o l d i n g c a r t o n s , d i s p l a y s , and s i m i l a r a p p l i c a t i o n s . The i n g r e d i e n t s a r e l i s t e d i n t h e recommended o r d e r o f
addition.
General Purpose

Wt%
Jonwax 26
Water
A n t i foam: Bubble B r e a k e r 748
J o n c r y l 77
J o n c r y l 60
Z i n c Oxide # 1

9.7
2.5
0.2

57.0
25.0
5.6

N o n - V o l a t i l e : 38.0%
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y , secs ( # 3 Zahn): 16
V i s c o s i t y , 1 week, secs ( # 3 Zahn): 16
pH: 9 . 5
G l o s s , 60: 58
S u t h e r l a n d Rub ( l = b e s t , l O = w o r s t ) :
Face-to-Face: 7
Face-to-Back: 7
S t a t i c S l i d e Angle:
Face-to-Face: 30
Face-to-Back: 24
K i n e t i c S l i d e Angle:
Face-to-Face: 16
Face-to-Back: 9

SOURCE: SCJohnson Polymer: J o n c r y l 678 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

Overprint Varnishes

O v e r p r i n t Varnishes
J o n c r y l 74 i s an e s s e n t i a l component o f o v e r p r i n t v a r n i s h e s
t h a t r e q u i r e g l o s s , h o l d o u t , and w a t e r and g r e a s e r e s i s t a n c e .
The suggested s t a r t i n g p o i n t f o r m u l a t i o n s l i s t e d adddess a few
s p e c i a1 t y a p p l ic a t i ons. "Water r e s i s t a n t " r e f e r s t o t h e w a t e r
shedding p r o p e r t i e s r e q u i r e d t o manufacture p r o d u c t s l i k e f r e s h
p r o d u c e boxes and paper p l a t e s . "General purpose" w o u l d p r o v i d e
t h e k i n d o f f i l m i n t e g r i t y necessary f o r f o l d i n g c a r t o n s , d i s p l a y s , and s i m i l a r a p p l i c a t i o n s . The i n g r e d i e n t s a r e l i s t e d i n
t h e recommended o r d e r o f a d d i t i o n .
Water R e s i s t a n t

Wt%
Jonwax 120
Water
A n t i f o a m : B u b b l e B r e a k e r 748
J o n c r y l 74
J o n c r y l 77
J o n c r y l 61
Z i n c O x i d e S o l u t i o n #1
S i l i c o n e Emulsion: LE-410

15.0
0.9
0.1
32.5
32.5
14.0
1.5
3.5

N o n - V o l a t i l e : 41 .O%
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y , secs ( # 3 Zahn): 13
V i s c o s i t y , 1 week, secs (#3 Zahn): 38
pH: 8 . 8
G l o s s * , 60: 56
S u t h e r l a n d Rub** ( l = b e s t ; 1 0 = w o r s t ) :
Face-to-Face, 500 c y c l e s : 3
Face-to-Back, 500 c y c l e s : 7
S t a t i c S l i d e Angle*:
Face-to-Face: 28
Face-to-Back: 27
K i n e t i c S l i d e Angle*:
Face-to-Face:
10
Face-to-Back: 11
Water Shedding: E x c e l l e n
* T e s t S u b s t r a t e = 8 p t . Warrenf o Paper ( P a p e r b o a r d )
* * T e s t S u b s t r a t e = P r e p r n t e d li ho p o s t e r
(Continued)
SOURCE: SC Johnson Polymer: J o n c r y l 74 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

79

80

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

O v e r p r i n t V a r n i s h e s (Continued)
General Purpose

E
%
Jonwax 26
Water
A n t i f o a m : Bubble Breaker 748
J o n c r y l 74
J o n c r y l 60
Z i n c Oxide S o l u t i o n # I

9.7
2.5
0.2
57.0
25.0
5.6

N o n - V o l a t i l e : 40.0%
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y , secs ( # 3 Zahn): 16
V i s c o s i t y , 1 week, secs ( # 3 Zahn): 16
pH: 9 . 2
Gloss*, 60: 49
S u t h e r l a n d Rub** ( l = b e s t ; l O = w o r s t ) :
Face-to-Face, 500 c y c l e s : 4
Face-to-Back, 500 c y c l e s : 4
S t a t i c S l i d e Angle*:
Face-to-Face: 31
Face-to-Back: 28
K i n e t i c S1 ide Angle* :
Face-to-Face: 17
Face-to-Back: 16
Water Shedding: NA
* T e s t S u b s t r a t e = 8 p t . W a r r e n f l o Paper (Paperboard)
**Test S u b s t r a t e = P r e p r i n t e d l i t h o p o s t e r

SOURCE: SC

Johnson Polymer: J o n c r y l 74 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

Overprint Varnishes

81

Water I Grease R e s i s t a n t OPV ( J o n c r v l 19381


P r i m a r y PurDose:
J o n c r y l 1938 i s a w a t e r and grease r e s i s t a n t c o a t i n g f o r
paper p l a t e s , f o o d wraps, f o l d i n g c a r t o n s , and f u r n i t u r e
s h i p p e r s . I t has good f r o z e n f o o d r e l e a s e , e x c e l l e n t low tempe r a t u r e b l o c k r e s i s t a n c e , h e a t s e a l r e s i s t a n c e , and e x c e l l e n t
w a t e r shedding. I t c a n n o t be g l u e d w i t h c o n v e n t i o n a l a d h e s i v e s .

E
%

Formula:
J o n c r y l 77
J o n c r y l 74
J o n c r y l 61
Z i n c Oxide S o l u t i o n
Jonwax 120
S i l i c o n e Emulsion*
D o w i c i l 75
Bubble B r e a k e r 748
Water

32.5
32.5
14.0
1.5
15.0
3.5
0.2
0.7
0.7

*Union C a r b i d e LE 410 Food Grade Emulsion ( a v o i d s i l i c o n e


fluid).
Components P r o v i d e :
J o n c r y l 77: F i l m i n t e g r i t y , g l o s s , hardness f o r r e l e a s e , and
water r e s i stance.
J o n c r y l 74: F i l m i n t e g r i t y , g l o s s , w a t e r r e s i s t a n c e , o i l
r e s i s t a n c e , chemical r e s i s t a n c e , and adhesion.
J o n c r y l 61: R e s o l u b i l i t y , t r a n s f e r , l e v e l i n g , and h o l d o u t /
gloss
Z i n c Oxide S o l u t i o n #1: C r o s s l i n k i n g f o r improved chemical
r e s i s t a n c e , hardness, b l o c k r e s i s t a n c e , and
heat r e s i stance.
Jonwax 120: P a r a f f i n c o n t e n t p r o v i d e s e x c e l l e n t w a t e r
shedding and r e l e a s e p r o p e r t i e s ; p o l y e t h y l e n e
promotes g l o s s and mar r e s i s t a n c e .
Silicone: Contributes t o a l l resistance characteristics
and p r o v i d e s e x c e l l e n t r e l e a s e p r o p e r t i e s .

SOURCE:

SC Johnson Polymer: Formula J o n c r y l 1938

Overprint Varnishes

63

General Purpose OPV (Joncrvl 16791


Primary Purpose:
T h i s i s a general purpose OPV w i t h adequate g l o s s and hardness
f o r most general purpose uses. The f o r m u l a t i o n can be used as a
guide, t o a l l o w t h e f o r m u l a t o r f l e x i b i l i t y i n approaching t h e
more e x o t i c requirements o f some OPV's.
Formu 1a :
J o n c r y l 678
J o n c r y l 77
Z i n c Oxide S o l u t i o n #1
Jonwax 26
Sodi um Hydroxi de
Bubble Breaker 748
Water

Wt%

Section III

Coatings

8.80
59.00
5.90
10.00
1.90
0.20
14.20

Formula J o n c r y l 1679
OPV f o r Wet L i t h o (CDX-562)

P r i m a r y Purpose:
OPV f o r i n - l i n e and o f f - l i n e c o a t ngs on l i t h o g r a p h c p r i n t e d
surfaces using epic-type a p p l i c a t o r s
Formul a :
J o n c r y l 678
J o n c r y l 77
J o n c r y l 89
Jonwax 26
Ammon ia
I PA
Water
W e t t i n g Agent
Preservative
A n t i -foam
Typical C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
T o t a l N o n - V o l a t i l e : 38.5-40.5s
V i s c o s i t y : 100-300 cps
pH: 8.5-9.0
Lbs. /Gal l o n : 8.5-9.0
Formula CDX-562

SOURCE: SC Johnson Polymer: Suggested Formulations

Wt%
7.0
40.0
20.0
10.0
1.5
4.0
13.8
3.0
0.2
0.5

Coatings

83

f o r Aluminum F o i l

-coat

Components:
E a s t e k 1200 p o l y m e r d i s p e r s on (31125)
Deionized water
S u r f y n o l 104 PG s u r f a c t e n t b )
Wax e m u l s i o n ( c )
Biocide (d)

Wt.%
87.9
10.0
1.5
0.5
0.1

(a)

( a ) Eastman
( b ) A i r Products
( c ) Suggested wax e m u l s i o n s i n c l u d e F l e x o n i c 600 and F l e x o n i c
901 ( L a w t e r ) ; H y d r o c e r 600 and H y d r o c e r 901 (Shamrock
T e c h n o l o g i e s ) ; Jonwax 26 (S.C. Johnson); Michem 46940
and 48040 ( M i c h e l m a n ) .
( d ) Suggested b i o c i d e s i n c l u d e Tektamer 38LV (Calgon);
P r o x e l GXL and P r o x e l BD ( Z e n e c a ) .
F o r m u l a t i o n Notes:
1. Components a r e l i s t e d i n o r d e r o f a d d i t i o n .
2. T y p i c a l l y , t h i s f o r m u l a t i o n i s c u t 30%-50% w i t h w a t e r o r w i t h
an 80/20 w a t e r / n - p r o p y l a l c o h o l b l e n d t o a c h i e v e t h e d e s i r e d
c o a t i n g w e i g h t a n d / o r COF. Wax c o n t e n t may be a d j u s t e d , i f
n e c e s s a r y , t o p r o d u c e t a r g e t COF.
A p p l i c a t i o n : Gravure
S u b s t r a t e : Aluminum f o i l
Features:
* R e s i s t a n c e t o w a t e r and m e n t h o l / a l c o h o l s o l u t i o n s
*Adhesion t o f o i l
*Low o d o r
* C o n t r o l l a b l e COF ( c o e f f i c i e n t o f f r i c t i o n )
SOURCE: Eastman Chemical Co.:

E a s t e x S t a n d a r d No. 91299

Overprint Varnish

Innredient s :
Polymer
Butyl Cellosolve
F l o u t r o n 200
BYK-346
SOURCE: BF G o o d r i c h Co.:

Total
88
6
5
1
Carboset XPD-2224 F o r m u l a t i o n

Parts
Parts
Parts
Parts
Parts

84

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

Carboset GA-33 i n Waterborne I n k s f o r V i n y l Substrates


Carboset GA-33 r e s i n i s p a r t i c u l a r l y s u i t e d f o r use i n waterborne p r i n t i n g i n k s and t o p lacquers f o r p l a s t i c i z e d v i n y l subs t r a t e s as found i n wal7covering. marine and automotive uses.
Waterborne i n k s and t o p lacquers based on Carboset GA-33 can be
formulated t o meet forthcoming governmental emission r e g u l a t i o n s .
These c o a t i n g s can be used on p r o d u c t i o n equipment c u r r e n t l y i n
use. C o s t l y s o l v e n t recovery o r i n c i n e r a t i o n equipment i s not
necessary. I n k s and c o a t i n g s based on Carboset GA-33 may a l s o
p r o v i d e a s u b s t a n t i a l c o s t savings over s o l v e n t borne systems as
t h e p r i c e o f s o l v e n t s based on petroleum products c o n t i n u e t o
rise.
S t a r t i n g Formulation:
Waterborne i n k s and c o a t i n g s made w i t h Carboset GA-33 demons t r a t e good scrub, abrasion, UV l i g h t . and crock r e s i s t a n c e , as
w e l l as good adhesion and non-blocking c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . These
c o a t i n g s can be cured w i t h i n one minute a t 180F when c r o s s l i n k e d
w i t h an a z i r i d i n e c r o s s l i n k e r .
The c l e a r t o p c o a t described can be pigmented u s i n g commerc i a l l y a v a i l a b l e pigment d i s p e r s i o n s . I t should be noted t h a t
n o t a l l o f t h e d i s p e r s i o n s a v a i l a b l e t o t h e graphic a r t s i n d u s t r y w i l l work i n t h i s a p p l i c a t i o n . I t i s recommended t h a t t h e
pigment d i s p e r s i o n n o t c o n t a i n s t y r e n a t e d a c r y l i c s which may l e a d
t o long-term adhesion and c o m p a t i b i l i t y problems. A d d i t i o n a l l y ,
pigment d i s p e r s i o n s o r concentrates c o n t a i n i n g excessive amounts
of water s e n s i t i v e s u r f a c t a n t should be avoided as t h i s may
d e t r a c t from adhesion and r e s i s t a n c e p r o p e r t i e s o f t h e f i n a l i n k .
The suggested s t a r t i n g r e s i n t o pigment r a t i o i s approximately
4/1 on a s o l i d s b a s i s .
Carboset GA 33
Top Coat f o r V i n y l W a l l c o v e r i n g
Materi a1 s :
P a r t s Der Hundred
P a r t A:
Place i n t o a c l e a n m i x i n g vessel.
Carboset GA-33
80.0
Add w h i l e m i x i n g a t moderate speed.
6.7
Level 2 7
Butyl Cellosolve
8.0
Water
3.7
Part 8 :
Add j u s t p r i o r t o use.
XAMA-2*
1.6
Formulation Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s by Weight, %: 4 1 . 7
pH: 7.8
C r o s s l i n k e r R a t i o , r e s i n / a z i r i d i n e : 4/1
Cure Cycle: 1 minute @ 180F
*When u s i n g t h i s i n g r e d i e n t t h e user should r e f e r t o t h e MSDS

SOURCE: BFOoodrich S p e c i a l t y Chemicals: Carboset Formulations

Coatings

Food Release

85

Bakery P r o d u c t s

Though t h e normal c o a t i n g f o r m u l a t i o n s a r e e x c e l e n t f o r most


a p p l i c a t i o n s , bakery p r o d u c t s o c c a s i o n a l l y s t i c k t o t h e coated
s u r f a c e . F o r b a k e r y p r o d u c t s such as cinnamon r o l l s e t c . , t h e
f o l l o w i n g f o r m u l a t i o n shows e x c e l l e n t r e l e a s e .
T o t a l S o l i d s L % ) P a r t s ( D r y Weight) P a r t s (Wet W e i g h t )
Carboset GA-1105
50
60
120
Carboset GA-1103
50
40
80
Cyme1 373
50
8
16
Michem Lube 160
25
15
60
To a c h i e v e good r e l e a s e , t h e c o a t i n g must be c r o s s l i n k e d . The
c o a t e d s u r f a c e s h o u l d r e a c h 300F t o a c h i e v e c r o s s l i n k i n g . I f
300F i s n o t p o s s i b l e , a c a t a l y s t such as PTSA can be used.
Lidding Films
L i d d i n g f i l m s . such as 3M 5850 can be h e a t s e a l e d t o p a p e r b o a r d which has been c o a t e d w i t h compounds u s i n g Carboset
GA-1103 and Carboset GA-1105.
I n a d d i t i o n , l i d d i n g f i l m s can be produced by a p p l y i n g compounds based on t h e f o l l o w i n g f o r m u l a t i o n t o an i n e r t f i l m subs t r a t e such as p o l y e s t e r .
T o t a l S o l i d s ( % ) P a r t s ( D r y Weiqht) P a r t s ( W e t W e i g h t 1
Carboset GA-1105
50
70
140
50
30
60
Carboset GA-1103
10
50
5
Propylene G l y c o l
t o pH 8 . 5
Sodium H y d r o x i d e
10
t o pH 8 . 5
0.2
CMC-12M
0.5
0.1
Economics
Ovenable and non-ovenable c o a t i n g s a r e economical.

A c o a t i n g w e i g h t o f 6 t o 10 l b s . / 3 , 0 0 0 f t . 2 o r 0.3 t o 0 . 5
m i l s i s t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e d on b o t h f l a t b o a r d and p r e - f o r m e d
containers.
A c o a t i n g w e i g h t o f 24-26 l b s . / 3 , 0 0 0
t o achieve s i m i l a r p r o p e r t i e s .

f t . 2 ream o f PET i s used

I n a d d i t i o n t o t h e c o s t o f t h e c o a t i n g , t h e equipment needed
f o r a p p l y i n g these s p e c i a l t y emulsions i s c o n s i d e r a b l y l e s s
e x p e n s i v e t h a n t h e PET e x t r u s i o n equipment.
SOURCE: BFGoodrich S p e c i a l t y Chemicals: Carboset F o r m u l a t i o n s

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

86

Non-Blockina Coatings
C o a t i n g s produced u s i n g t h e p r e v i o u s l y mentioned f o r m u l a t i o n
possess n o n - b l o c k i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s under t h e f o l l o w i n g
c o n d i t i ons :

*
*

Non-blocking f a c e - t o - f a c e
Non-blocking face-to-back

a t 180F, 2 l b s . / i n .
a t 212F, 2 l b s . / i n .

2 f o r 24 h o u r s
2 f o r 24 h o u r s

To a c h i e v e n o n - b l o c k i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s up t o 300F, s u r f a c e
waxes, o i l s a n d / o r c r o s s l i n k i n g r e s i n s a r e u s u a l l y r e q u i r e d .
A recommended f o r m u l a i s l i s t e d below:
T o t a l Sol i d s ( % )
50
Carboset GA-1105
Carboset GA-1103
50
C i t r i c Acid
50
Ammoni um H y d r o x i de
28
P r o p y l e n e G1 y c o l
50
Michem Lube 160
25
50
Cyme1 373
CMC- 1 2M
5
Ammoni um H y d r o x i de
28

P a r t s ( D r y W e i q h t l Parts(Wet Weight1
70
140
30
60
1
2
t o pH 9 . 5
t o pH 9 . 5
7.5
15
10
40
10
20
10
200
t o pH 9 . 5
t o pH 9 . 5

B r o o k f ie l d V i s c o s i t y

485 CP

485 CP

I n o r d e r t o improve t h e non-blocking n a t u r e o f t h i s c o a t i n g
t h r o u g h c r o s s l i n k i n g , i t must be d r i e d / c u r e d a t 300F f o r 1-2
minutes.
Non-Blocki n g M o i s t u r e B a r r i e r C o a t i n g
Foodboard a p p l i c a t i o n s o c c a s i o n a l l y r e q u i r e r e s i s t a n c e t o
m o i s t u r e v a p o r as w e l l a s oxygen a n d / o r c a r b o n d i o x i d e . A s t a r t i n g f o r m u l a t i o n f o r such a c o a t i n g i s l i s t e d b e l o w :
Total Solids(%)
50
Carboset GA-1105
50
Carboset GA-1103
Michem Lube 316
50
Michem Lube 743
35
Propylene G l y c o l
50
Cyme1 373
50
C i t r i c Acid
100
MCC-12M
5

P a r t s ( D r y Weiqht) PartslWet Weight)


60
120
80
40
5
10
10
29
15
7.5
10
20
1
1
7
0.35

Source: BFGoodrich S p e c i a l t y Chemicals:

Carboset F o r m u l a t i o n s

Coatings

87

R e p u l p a b i l i t y o f Paperboard Coated w i t h C a r b o s e t GA-1103 and


C a r b o s e t GA-1105
BFGoodrich has d e v e l o p e d two a c r y l i c e m u l s i o n s , Carboset
GA-1103 and Carboset GA-1105, s p e c i f i c a l l y d e s i g n e d f o r c o a t i n g
o v e n a b l e and non-ovenable p a p e r b o a r d i n f o o d p a c k a g i n g . Due t o
e n v i r o n m e n t a l c o n c e r n s , i t i s d e s i r a b l e t o be a b l e t o r e p u l p
t h e coated paperboard.
Summary
The Carboset GA-llOS/Carboset GA-1105 c o a t e d p a p e r b o a r d was
r e p u l p a b l e under l a b r e p u l p i ng c o n d i t i o n s . The c o a t i ngs were
c o m p l e t e l y s e p a r a t e d f r o m t h e p a p e r b o a r d . The p a p e r b o a r d was
c o m p l e t e l y d i s i n t e g r a t e d . The Carboset GA-llOS/Carboset GA-1105
c o a t i n g s were n o t r e d i s p e r s i b l e . They were c u t i n t o s m a l l p i e c e s
i n t h e Waring b l e n d e r . The c o a t i n g d e b r i s were v i s i b l e i n b o t h
t h e r e p u l p e d f u r n i s h and i n t h e handsheet c o n t a i n i n g t h e r e c y c l e d
p u l p . I n o r d e r t o use t h e r e p u l p e d paperboard, t h e c o a t i n g d e b r i s
needs t o be removed f r o m t h e p u l p s l u r r y .
R e p u l p a b i l i t y o f t h e Coated Paperboard
601 -750-637-1
Carboset GA-1103
Carboset GA-1105
D r y i n g C o n d i t i o n s : 250F 4 m i n u t e s
Repulpabi l i t y : R e p u l p a b l e
Observation: Pulp c o n t a i n c o a t i n g d e b r i s & small w h i t e
oarticles

Wt%
40
60

601 -750-637-2

Wt%
C a r b o s e t GA-1103
Carboset GA-1105
D r y i n g C o n d i t i o n s : 300F 1 m i n u t e
R e p u l p a b i l i t y : Repulpable
Observation: Pulp c o n t a i n c o a t i n g d e b r i s & small w h i t e
particles

SOURCE: BFGoodrich S p e c i a l t y Chemicals:

40

60

Carboset F o r m u l a t i o n s

88

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

R e p u l p a b i l i t y o f Paperboard Coated w i t h Carboset GA-1103 and


Carboset GA-1105 ( C o n t i n u e d l
R e p u l p a b i l i t y o f t h e Coated Paperboard (Continued)
601-750-637-3

Wt%
Carboset GA-1103
Carboset GA-1105
Cymel 3 7 3
Drying Conditions: 250F 4 minutes
R e p u l p a b i l i t y : Repulpable
Observation: Pulp c o n t a i n c o a t i n g d e b r i s & small w h i t e
particles

40
60
3

601-750-637-4

Wt%
Carboset GA-1103
Carboset GA-1105
Cymel 3 7 3
Drying Conditions: 300F 1 minute
Repul p a b i 1it y : Repul p a b l e
Observation: Pulp c o n t a i n c o a t i n g d e b r i s 8 small w h i t e
particles
Handsheet:
100% Recycyled P u l p : C o a t i n g d e b r i s on t h e s u r f a c e o f
handsheet
90% C o n t r o l P u l p / l O % Recycled P u l p : C o a t i n g d e b r i s on
s u r f a c e o f t h e handsheet

40

60
3

the
the

601-750-637-5

Wt%
Carboset GA-1103
40
Carboset GA-1105
60
D r.
y i n e- C o n d i t i o n s : 2 1 2 F 1 m i n u t e
R e p u l p a b i l i t y : Repulpable
Observation: Pulp c o n t a i n c o a t i n g d e b r i s & small w h i t e
particles
Handsheet:
100% Recycled P u l p : C o a t i n g d e b r i s on t h e s u r f a c e o f t h e
handsheet
90% C o n t r o l P u l p / l O % Recycled P u l p : C o a t i n g d e b r i s on t h e
s u r f a c e o f t h e handsheet
Control
Carboset GA-1103
Carboset GA-1105
Cymel 3 7 3
Drying Conditions:
Repul p a b i 1 it y : Repulpable
O b s e r v a t i o n : Small w h i t e p a r t i c l e s
Handsheet:
100% Recycled P u l p : Clean
90% C o n t r o l Pulp/lO% Recycled P u l p :

---

SOURCE:

----

BFGoodrich S p e c i a l t y Chemicals: Carboset F o r m u l a t i o n s

Coatings

89

V i n y l P1a s t i s o l F a b r i c C o a t i n g

P a r t s p e r Hundred
H i g h Speed M i x :
Geon 12
DIDP
D i o c t y l Adi p a t e
Drapex 4 . 4
F e r r o 1742
Pigment A, AX, GT,

100
28
12
15
6
5-30

or T

Can be c o n v e r t e d t o an o r g a n o s o l by t h i n n i n g w i t h v o l a t i l e
d i l u e n t s such as VM&P Naphtha o r X y l e n e . F u s i o n Temperature
350F (177C).
The p r o p e r s t a b i l i z e r s e l e c t i o n is v e r y i m p o r t a n t when u s i n g
f l u o r e s c e n t p i g m e n t s i n PVC. Day-Glo recommends c o n s u l t i n g
a d d i t i v e m a n u f a c t u r e r s w h i c h f r e q u e n t l y o f f e r heavy m e t a l f r e e
h e a t s t a b i l i z e r s s p e c i f i c a l l y d e s i g n e d f o r use w i t h f l u o r e s c e n t
colorants.
A c r y l i c Urethane C o a t i n g

Wt%
Component A :
G-Cure 867-Plus 60
Exempt Sol v e n t 81 end
Day-G1 o T - P i gment

16.4
8.9
35.6

D i s p e r s e above i n g r e d i e n t s on a h i g h speed m i x e r and add t h e


f o l l o w i n g under a g i t a t i o n :
17,8
12.3
0.1

G-Cure 867-Plus 60
Exempt Sol v e n t B1 end
A d d i t i v e #11
Component B C a t a l y s t :
Desmodur N-75

8.9

Add c a t a l y s t t o c o a t i n g b e f o r e a p p l i c a t i o n .
Aerosol Concentrate

K%
A c r y l o i d F-10
Post 4
Day-Glo A- o r AX-Pigment
L a c t o l S p i r it s
To1 uene

SOURCE: Day-Glo C o l o r C o r p . : Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

40.0
1.2
35.0
22.0
1.8

This is a collection of more than 200 formulations .a printing inks,


overprint varnishes, and related products. The data represent selections
from manufacturers' descriptions made at no cost to, nor influence from,
the makers or distributors of these materials. Only the most recent
formulas have been included. It is believed that all of the trademarked raw
materials listed here are currently available, which will be of utmost
interest to readers concerned with raw material discontinuances.
The formulations in this book are divided into the following 4 sections:
Section I
Section II
Section 111
Section IV

Printing Inks
Overprint Varnishes
Coatings
Miscellaneous

In addition to the above, there are two other sections which will be helpful
to the reader:
Section V A chemical trademark section where most tradenamed
raw materials included in the book are listed with a
chemical description and the supplier's name. The
specification which each raw material meets are included,
if applicable.
Section VI Main office addresses and phone numbers, including 800
numbers, of the suppliers of trademarked raw materials,
some of which are not available in the usual reference
books.
The book lists the following product information,
manufacturer's own words:
1. Description of end use.

as available, in the

viii

Preface
2.

The formulas include the following:


A. A listing of each raw material contained.
B. The amount of each raw material included in the formula, as
presented by the supplier.
C. An description of the formula
D. The formula source, which is the company or organization,
that supplied the formula. A secondary source may be the
originating company and/or the primary source's publication
title, or both. A formula number is included, if applicable.

An End Use Index has also been included in the book for rapid location
of the various types of ink and varnish formulations.

Ernest W. Flick

May 1999

NOTICE
To the best of our knowledge the information in this publication is
accurate: however, the Publisher does not assume any responsibility for
the accuracy or completeness of, or consequences arising from, such
information. This industrial guide does not purport to contain detailed user
instructions, and by its range and scope could not possibly do so.
Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute
endorsement or recommendation for use by the Publisher.
In some cases ink and varnish formulations may contain potentially toxic
materials, and therefore due caution should be exercised and expert
advice obtained when handling these materials. Final determination of the
suitability of any information or product for use contemplated by any user,
and the manner of that use, is the sole responsibility of the user. We
strongly recommend that users seek and adhere to a manufacturer's or
supplier's current instructions for handling each material they use.
The Author and Publisher have used their best efforts to include only the
most recent data available. The reader is cautioned to consult the
supplier in case of questions regarding current availability.

Offset Heatset Inks-37


Overprint Lacquer-72
Overprint Varnishes-4, 12, 23,
63, 64,65. 66,67,68,69,
70, 71, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77,
78, 79, 80,81, 83
Paper & Board Inks-54
Paper Board Inks-4, 6, 24, 42
Pigment Dispersions-91, 97, 98,
99, 100, 101
Pigment Grinds-93, 104, 105
Polyethylene/Board Ink-1 2
Polyethylene Ink-26, 42, 58, 59
Polyethylene Primer-1 02
Polyethylene Wax Dispersions26, 92
Polyolefin Ink-13
Polypropylene Ink-48
Polypropylene Primer-1 02
Primer for Paper-41
Repulpability of Coated
Paperboard-87, 88
Resin Cuts-5, 92, 93, 104, 105
Resin Solutions-103, 106
Screen Printing Inks-43
Sheetfed Offset Inks-30, 37, 45
Slipcoat-83
Stir-In Additive-1 02
Tag & Label Inks-17, 22, 55
Textile Ink-44
Topcoat for Vinyl-84
Urethane Coating-89
Vinyl Film-107
Web Offset-37

Acrylic Emulsions-95, 96
Aerosol .Concentrates-89, 91
Alkali Resistant Ink-1 1
Alkyd Brushing Paint-91
Beverage Board Ink-13
CAP/Aclylic Ink-2, 8
Corrugated Inks-6, 14, 15, 23,
29, 36, 40
Extender for Bronze
Pastes/Powder-94
Fabric Coatings-89, 107
Flexo Inks-20
Flexographic Inks-18, 19, 46
Flexo Vehicles-39
Fluorescent Coatings, Vinyl
Films, Tempera Paint-107
Fluorescent Inks-49
Foil Inks-27, 53
Foil, Film, Metallized and Tissue
Inks-16
Food Release Coating-85
Gravure Ink-7, 24, 25, 28, 43,
44, 47, 56,57
Ink, Black-3, 34, 51, 60
Ink, Blue-5, 31, 35, 41, 51, 59,
61
Ink, Carbon Black-32, 50
Ink, Litho1 Rubine-33
Ink, Red-3, 35, 51
Ink, Yellow-34, 50,60,61
Ink for Films-2, 9, 10, 21, 52
Lidding Film Coating-85
Marker Ink-44
Neutralization Formula-38
Non-Blocking Coatings-86

127

Overprint Varnishes

63

General Purpose OPV (Joncrvl 16791


Primary Purpose:
T h i s i s a general purpose OPV w i t h adequate g l o s s and hardness
f o r most general purpose uses. The f o r m u l a t i o n can be used as a
guide, t o a l l o w t h e f o r m u l a t o r f l e x i b i l i t y i n approaching t h e
more e x o t i c requirements o f some OPV's.
Formu 1a :
J o n c r y l 678
J o n c r y l 77
Z i n c Oxide S o l u t i o n #1
Jonwax 26
Sodi um Hydroxi de
Bubble Breaker 748
Water

Wt%

Section IV

Miscellaneous

8.80
59.00
5.90
10.00
1.90
0.20
14.20

Formula J o n c r y l 1679
OPV f o r Wet L i t h o (CDX-562)

P r i m a r y Purpose:
OPV f o r i n - l i n e and o f f - l i n e c o a t ngs on l i t h o g r a p h c p r i n t e d
surfaces using epic-type a p p l i c a t o r s
Formul a :
J o n c r y l 678
J o n c r y l 77
J o n c r y l 89
Jonwax 26
Ammon ia
I PA
Water
W e t t i n g Agent
Preservative
A n t i -foam
Typical C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
T o t a l N o n - V o l a t i l e : 38.5-40.5s
V i s c o s i t y : 100-300 cps
pH: 8.5-9.0
Lbs. /Gal l o n : 8.5-9.0
Formula CDX-562

SOURCE: SC Johnson Polymer: Suggested Formulations

Wt%
7.0
40.0
20.0
10.0
1.5
4.0
13.8
3.0
0.2
0.5

Miscellaneous

91

A c r v l i c Aerosol Concentrate
( H i g h Speed M i x )

Wt%
A c r y l o i d F-10 (40% i n M i n e r a l Thinner/Amsco F) o r
E l v a c i t e 2044 (40% d i s s o l v e d i n M i n e r a l S p i r i t s )
Day-Glo A - P i gment
Lactol S p i r i t s
To1 uene
T h i n w i t h Toluene,

45.5
35.0
17.7
1.8

o r w i t h 1 / 3 Toluene and 2/3 L a c t o l S p i r i t s

To can, use 65% o f t h e t h i n n e d a e r o s o l c o n c e n t r a t e and 35% o f


a p r o p e l l a n t , such as A-70 ( p r o p a n e / i s o b u t a n e b l e n d )
A1 kyd B r u s h i n g P a i n t
( H i g h Speed M i x )

X%
W a l l k y d 11-151 (35% i n O d o r l e s s M i n e r a l S p i r i t s )
Cyasorb UV 24
Day-Glo A - P i gment
12% C o b a l t O c t o a t e D r i e r
Exkin 2
Cab-0-Si 1
Mineral S p i r i t s

44.000
0.400
50.500
0.075
0.200
0.200
4.625

Water D i s p e r s i o n

Wt%
26.1
22.5
0.2
1.2
50.0

Water
2% QP-4400
N a l c o 2341
N a l c o 2335
Day G l o A- o r AX-Pigment

Add m a t e r i a l s i n o r d e r l i s t e d and c o m p l e t e l y d i s p e r s e b e f o r e
making n e x t a d d i t i o n . Should be made on a h i g h speed d i s s o l v e r .
Aerosol Concentrate
44.6
1.2
34.8
17.6
1.8

A c r y l o i d F-10
Post 4
Day-Glo GT- o r T-P gment
L a c t o l Spi r i t s
To1 uene
SOURCE: Day-Glo Co o r C o r p . :

Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

92

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

C a r b o s e t GA-1162 R e s i n C u t
CL 119

Wt%

Raw M a t e r ia1 s :
Place i n t o a c l e a n m i x i n g vessel :
Water
Ammonia, 28%
I s o p r o p y l Alcohol
D i e t h y l e n e Glycol E t h y l Ether

52.0

8.0
5.0
3.0

M i x and add s l o w l y w h i l e m i x i n g :
Carboset GA-1162
Mix f o r 1 hour o r u n t i l c o m p l e t e l y d i s s o l v e d .
Formulation Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Weight, %: 3 4 . 5
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Volume, %: 31
pH: 8.8
V i s c o s i t y , B r o o k f i e l d , 25C, c p s :
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b s : 8 . 8
Speci f ic G r a v i t y : 1 .05

32.0

140

C a r b o s e t GA-1162
P o l y e t h y l e n e Wax D i s p e r s i on
CL 1 3 5
M a t e r i a1 :
P l a c e i n t o a c l e a n Cowles m i x e r :
CL 119 (See above F o r m u l a t i o n )
Water
M i x a t moderate speed and s l o w l y add:
S-232
M i x a t h i g h speed f o r 30 m i n u t e s

Wt%
60.0
15.0
25.0

Formulation Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Weight, %: 46.0
A c t i v e Wax b y Weight, %: 25.0

SOURCE: BF G o o d r i c h S p e c i a l t y Chemicals: Carboset F o r m u l a t i o n s

Miscellaneous

93

Carboset GA-1250 Resin Cut

E
%

Raw M a t e r i a l s :
Place i n t o a c l e a n m i x i n g v e s s e l :
Water
Ammonia, 28%
I s o p r o p y l Alcohol
Ethylene G l y c o l
D i e t h y l e n e G l y c o l E t h y l Ether

51 . O
7.5
5.0
1.5
2.5

Mix and add s l o w l y w h i l e m i x i n g .


Carboset GA-1250

32.5

F o r m u l a t i o n Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s by Weight, %: 36.0
T o t a l S o l i d s by Volume, %: 32.0
pH: 7.8
B r o o k f i e l d V i s c o s i t y , 25C, cps: 2,140
Weight per G a l l o n , l b s . : 8 . 8
S p e c i f i c G r a v i t y @ 25C: 1 . 0 6
F o r m u l a t i o n C L 121
Carboset GA-1250 O r q a n i c Pigment G r i n d s
Raw M a t e r i a l s :
Place i n t o a c l e a n b a l l m i l l .
Carboset GA-1250 Resin Cut
(CL 121)
Water
BYK 035
A d j u s t pH t o 8 . 5 - t h e n add:
O r g a n i c Pigment
B a l l m i l l 12 hours
check g r i n d .
G r i n d should be l e s s t h a n 0.5 m i l .

Wt%
40.0

29.5

0.5
30.0

F o r m u l a t i o n Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s by Weight, %: 44.1
Pigment t o Binder R a t i o : 2.14/1.00
F o r m u l a t i o n W I 130

SOURCE:

BF Goodrich S p e c i a l t y Chemicals: Carboset F o r m u l a t i o n s

94

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

E x t e n d e r f o r Bronze Powders/Pastes
Comoonents:
Eastek 2140 polymer d i s p e r s i o n (31321) ( a )
Eastek 1300 polymer d i s p e r s i o n (31281) ( b )
n-Propyl a l c o h o l
Deionized water
S u r f y n o l 104E s u r f a c t a n t ( b )
Cobratec 99 b e n z o t r i a z o l e ( c )
Defoamer ( d )
A s s o c i a t i v e t h i c k e n e r (.o .D t i o n a l ) ( e )
Biocide ( f )

67.0
15.3
7.0
9.2
0.7
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.1

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

Eastman
A i r Products
PMC S p e c i a l t i e s
Suggested defoamers i n c l u d e DC 65 Add t i v e (Dow C o r n i n g ) ;
S u r f y n o l DF-75 ( A i r P r o d u c t s ) ; Dee Fo 97-3 ( U l t r a A d d i t i v e s ) ; Defoamer RD- 386 (R&A A u x i l i a r es); Mazu DF 327C
(PPG)
( e ) Suggested a s s o c i a t i v e t h i c k e n e r s i n c l u d e A c r y s o l RM-025
(Rohm and Haas); DSX-1514 ( H e n k e l ) .
( f ) Suggested b i o c i d e s i n c l u d e Tektamer 3 8 L V (Calgon); and
P r o x e l GXL and P r o x e l BD (Zeneca).

F o r m u l a t i o n Notes:
1 . Components a r e l i s t e d i n o r d e r o f a d d i t i o n .
2 . T y p i c a l l y , 25%-35% b r o n z e powder o r p a s t e i s s t i r r e d i n t o
t h i s e x t e n d e r t o produce an i n k . I n k v i s c o s i t y w i l l depend
on b r o n z e l e v e l .
Applications:

Gravure
S t i r - i n bronze i n k s

S u b s t r a t e s : G i f t wrap
Other coated papers
Features :
* P r o v i d e s good "metal 1i c " appearance
*Fast r u n n i n g speeds
*Easy s t i r - i n o f b r o n z e powders/pastes,
storage

i n i t i a l l y and a f t e r

SOURCE: Eastman Chemical P r o d u c t s : E a s t e k S t a n d a r d

No. 91430

Miscellaneous

95

H i g h H i d i n q A c r y l i c Emulsion f o r Inks on N a t u r a l K r a f t
SCX-631 i s a c o n t r o l l e d p a r t i c l e s i z e e m u l s i o n d e s i g n e d t o
h i d e t h e brown background o f n a t u r a l k r a f t s u b s t r a t e s . The use
o f SCX-631 as a l e t d o w n v e h i c l e r e s u l t s i n more i n t e n s e and
b r i g h t e r p r i n t e d c o l o r s . The semi-opaque n a t u r e o f SCX-631 a l l o w s
f o r r e d u c t i o n o f t h e l e v e l o f p i g m e n t s as w e l l as e x t e n d e r s .
Key F e a t u r e s & B e n e f i t s :
Increase c o l o r i n t e n s i t y
Cost e f f e c t i v e
High d i l u t a b i l i t y
E x c e l 1e n t r e s o l u b i 1 it y and p r i n t a b i 1 it y
Broad compati b i 1 it y
Very l o w VOC

*
*
*
*
*
*

S t a r t i n g P o i n t Formulation: White
Pigment D i s p e r s i on:
R-960
J o n c r y l 60
SCX-631
Water
T i -Pure

Letdown :
SCX-631
Jonwax 22
Water
I n k Values:
pH: 7 . 9
Viscosity,
Viscosity,

E
%
60.0
5.0
8.0
17.0
6.0
3.0
1. o

I n i t i a l ( # 2 Zahn): 23 secs
One week ( # 2 Zahn): 23 secs
S t a r t i n a Point Formulation: Black

Wt%

Pigment D i s p e r s i o n :
Carbon B l a c k : E l f t e x 5
J o n c r y l 91
A n t i f o a m : Bubble B r e a k e r 748
Water

15.0
19.2
0.6
25.2

Letdown :
SCX-631
Jonwax 22
Water

5.0
3.0
32.0

I n k Values:
pH: 8 . 0
Viscosity,
Viscosity,

SOURCE:

I n i t i a l ( # 2 Zahn): 25 secs
One week ( # 2 Zahn): 24 secs

SCJohnson Polymer: SCX-631 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

96

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

H i g h H i d i n g A c r y l i c E m u l s i o n f o r I n k s on N a t u r a l K r a f t
(Continued)
S t a r t i n g P o i n t Formulation-Red
Pigment D i s p e r s i on :
C a l c i u m L i t h o 1 Red: S u n b r i t e Red 48:2
J o n c r y l 60
Water
Letdown :
SCX-631
Jonwax 22
Water
I n k Values:
pH: 8 . 4
Viscosity,
Viscosity,

Wtl
13.0
9.6
17.4
52.0
3.0
5.0

I n i t i a l ( # 2 Zahn): 27 s e c s
One Week ( # 2 Z a h n ) : 26 s e c s
Sta-rtjng P o i n t Formulation-BlLe

Pigment Di s p e r s i on:
P h t h a l o B l u e : S u n f a s t B l u e 1 5 : 3 (Green shade)
J o n c r y l 60
Water
Letdown :
SCX-631
Jonwax 22
Water
I n k Values:
pH: 8 . 2
Viscosity,
Viscosity,

55.0
3.0
4.9

I n i t i a l ( # 2 Z a h n ) : 25 s e c s
One Week ( # 2 Z a h n ) : 27 s e c s
StaCjng-P-oLnt

F o r m u l a t ion--Yellow

P i gment D i s p e r s i on :
D i a r y l i d e Y e l l o w : S u n b r i t e Y e l l o w 12
J o n c r y l 60
Water
Letdown :
SCX-631
Jonwax 22
Water
I n k Values:
pH: 8 . 3
V i s c o s i t y , I n i t i a l ( # 2 Z a h n ) : 25 s e c s
V i s c o s i t y , One Week ( # 2 Z a h n ) : 25 s e c s

SOURCE:

Q
13.0
9.6
14.5

SCJohnson P o l y m e r : SCX-631 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

wta

13.0
9.6
14.5
54.6
3.0
5.3

Miscellaneous

97

Pigment D i s p e r s i o n f o r Water-Borne I n k s Usins Carboset Polymers


Introduction
Pigment d i s p e r s i o n i s t h e process by which pigments are
ground t o a very small p a r t i c l e s i z e and dispersed i n t o a
l i q u i d , f o r subsequent use i n a l i q u i d i n k o r c o a t i n g . A
pigment d i s p e r s i o n f o r water-borne p r i n t i n g i n k s c o n s i s t
p r i m a r i l y o f pigment, r e s i n , water. Various a d d i t i v e s a r e a l s o
used, i n c l u d i n g w e t t i n g agents and a n t i - f o a m i n g agents.
P i ament S e l e c t i o n
The f o l l o w i n g pigments account f o r most o f t h e volume i n
water-borne i n k s . A l l a r e used on a r e g u l a r b a s i s w i t h good
results.
Barium L i t h o l
Calcium L i t h o l
L i tho1 Rubi ne
Red Lake C
Barium Red 28
Phthalo Cyan Blue
D i a r y l ide Ye1 1ow AAA
Phthalo Cyan Green
D i a r y l i d e Yellow AAOT
Carbon Black
Titanium D i o x i d e
S t a r t i n q Formulations
Formulations f o r pigment d i s p e r s i o n s vary g r e a t l y , depending
on a p p l i c a t i o n requirements. Standard d i s p e r s i o n s g e n e r a l l y
c o n t a i n about 35% pigment and 9% polymer s o l i d s , p l u s water and
additives.
To make h i g h g l o s s d i s p e r s i o n s , polymer content i s increased
and pigment content i s decreased. Due t o t h e p r i c e d i f f e r e n t i a l
i n these raw m a t e r i a l s , t h e c o s t per pound f o r t h i s d i s p e r s i o n
w i l l be s l i g h t l y lower. However, because l e s s pigment i s used,
t h e c o l o r value o f a h i g h g l o s s d i s p e r s i o n i s a l s o lower, and
i n k f o r m u l a t o r s may have t o use more pigment d i s p e r s i o n per pound
o f i n k t o achieve d e s i r e d c o l o r values.
The f o l l o w i n g s t a r t i n g p o i n t f o r m u l a t i o n s have been used
s u c c e s s f u l l y i n t h e BFGoodrich l a b o r a t o r i e s :
Standard Commercial

Wt%
Pigment
Polymer s o l u t i o n (Carboset GA-1166HS)
Water
A n t i -foam agent

35.0
25.0-28.0
37.0-40.0
0 . 1 - 0.2

Hiah Gloss

3
Pigment
Polymer s o l u t i o n (Carboset GA-1116HS)
Water
Anti-foam agent

SOURCE:

25.0
50.0
25.0
0. -0.2

BFGoodrich S p e c i a l t y Chemicals: Carboeet Formulat

ons

98

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

Piament D i s p e r s i o n f o r Water-Borne I n k s Using Carboset Polymers


(Continuedl
D i s p e r s i o n Procedure:
Dispersions a r e g e n e r a l l y made i n t h r e e steps: pre-mix.
g r i n d i n g , f i n i s h i n g . The purpose and procedure i n v o l v e d i n each
s t e p i s as f o l l o w s :
Step 1. Premix:
I n t h i s step, pigment agglomerates a r e broken down i n t o
p a r t i c l e s small enough t o go through t h e equipment used i n
Step 2 . To do t h i s , t h e polymer s o l u t i o n , pigment and water
a r e mixed t o g e t h e r under h i g h shear c o n d i t i o n s . T h i s can be
accomplished u s i n g a Cowles o r Scholds type mixer. A Kady m i l l
can a l s o be used.
Step 2 . G r i n d i n g :
Here, t h e p a r t i c l e s i z e i s f u r t h e r reduced f o r more complete
d i s p e r s i o n . T h i s can be accomplished i n a g r i n d i n g m i l l , u s i n g a
very f i n e g r i n d i n g medium, g e n e r a l l y l e s s than 2mm i n p a r t i c l e
s i z e . E i t h e r a h o r i z o n t a l o r v e r t i c a l m i l l can be used, however
BFGoodrich has achieved b e t t e r r e s u l t s using h o r i z o n t a l m i l l s .
The g r i n d i n g process should be run " c o n t a i n e r t o c o n t a i n e r " ,
meaning t h a t i t should n o t be d i r e c t l y r e c i r c u l a t e d through t h e
m i l l . T h i s c o n f i g u r a t i o n assures t h a t t h e product r e c e i v e s u n i form m i l l i n g . The throughput r a t e used w i l l v a r y depending on t h e
q u a l i t y o f t h e d i s p e r s i o n being made. For h i g h e s t g l o s s d i s p e r s i o n s smaller p a r t i c l e s a r e r e q u i r e d and t h e throughput should
be kept very low t o maximize g r i n d i n g .
Several companies produce shot m i l l s s u i t a b l e f o r pigment
g r i n d i n g . BFGoodrich has seen successful g r i n d i n g u s i n g equipment from Buhler, Netzch. D r a i s , and Scholds.
Step 3. F i n i s h i n g :
The f i n i s h i n g s t e p i s
grinding m i l l t o further
made u s i n g t h e same shot
f i n i s h i n g can be through

simply an a d d i t i o n a l pass through t h e


d i s p e r s e t h e pigment. This pass can be
o r , t o g i v e a g l o s s i e r appearance,
extremely f i n e shot.

SOURCE: BFGoodrich S p e c i a l t y Chemicals: Carboset Formulations

Miscellaneous

99

Pigment D i s D e r s i ons
J o n c r y l 67 p r o v i d e s s u p e r i o r w e t t i n g p r o p e r t i e s f o r t h e
m a n u f a c t u r e o f h i g h s o l i d s , l o w v i s c o s i t y pigment d i s p e r s i o n s .
T y p i c a l s t a r t i n g p o i n t f o r m u l a s f o r b o t h pigment d i s p e r s i o n s and
f i n i s h e d i n k s f o r a v a r i e t y o f s u b s t r a t e s and a p p l i c a t i o n s a r e as
follows:
Dispersion A
Formula:
C a l c i u m L . i t h o l Red 28 (48.2): S u n B r i t e 48:2
J o n c r y l 63
Water
pH: 8 . 5
Viscosity:
I n i t i a l , c p s : 1,775
90 Days, c p s : 1,510
Pigment:Binder R a t i o : 4:l

Wt%
32.5
23.9
43.6

Dispersion B
Formula:
P h t h a l o B l u e G.S. (15.3): S u n f a s t B l u e 15:3
J o n c r y l 63
Water
pH: 8 . 5
V i scosi t y :
I n i t i a l , c p s : 450
90 Days, c p s : 440
P i g m e n t : B i n d e r R a t i o : 4:l

Wt%
37.5
31.3
31 .2

Dispersion C
Formula:
D i a r y l i d e Y e l l o w , AAA: S u n B r i t e Y e l l o w 12
J o n c r y l 63
Water
pH: 8.4
V i scosi t y :
I n i t i a l , cps: 1,240
90 Days, c p s : 1,280
Pigment:Binder R a t i o : 4:l

Wt%
37.5
31.3
31 .2

Procedure:
1. P r e b l e n d b a t c h t o u n i f o r m i t y u s i n g h i g h speed d i s p e r s i n g
equipment.
2. Feed b l e n d i n t o s m a l l media m i l l .
3. I n c r e a s e speed and d i s p e r s e t o r e q u i r e d f i n e n e s s o f g r i n d
4. R e c i r c u l a t e u n t i l a l l a i r has been d i s p l a c e d .

SOURCE:

SCJohnson Polymer: J o n c r y l 7 4 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

100

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

P i ament D i s p e r s i ons
J o n c r y l 67 p r o v i d e s s u p e r i o r w e t t i n g p r o p e r t i e s f o r t h e
m a n u f a c t u r e o f h i g h s o l i d s , l o w v i s c o s i t y pigment d i s p e r s i o n s .
T y p i c a l s t a r t i n g p o i n t f o r m u l a s a r e as f o l l o w s :
Dispersion A
Formul a :
Phthalo Blue G.S.
J o n c r y l 63
Water

Wt%
(15:3): SunFast B l u e 15:3 (G.S.)

37.5
31.3
31.2

pH: 8.5
V i scosi t y :

I n i t i a l , c p s : 450
90 Days, c p s : 440
P i g m e n t : B i n d e r R a t i o : 4:l
Dispersion B
Formu 1a :
D i a r y l i d e Yellow,
J o n c r v l 63
Water-

AAA (12): S u n B r i t e Y e l l o w 12

37.5
31.3
31.2

pH: 8.4
Viscosity :
I n i t i a l , c p s : 1,240
90 Days, c p s : 1,280
P i gment : B i n d e r R a t i o : 4: 1
Dispersion C
Formu 1a :
C a l c i u m L i t h o 1 Red 2 8 (48:2): S u n B r i t e Red 48:2
J o n c r y l 63
Water

Wt%
32.5
23.9
43.6

pH: 8.5
Viscosity:
I n i t i a l , c p s : 1,775
90 Days, c p s : 1,510
P i g m e n t : B i n d e r R a t i o : 4:l
Procedure:
1 . P r e b l e n d b a t c h t o u n i f o r m i t y u s i n g h i g h speed d i s p e r s i n g
equipment
2. Feed b l e n d i n t o h o r i z o n t a l , smal 1 media m i 11.
3. I n c r e a s e speed and d i s p e r s e t o r e q u i r e d f i n e n e s s o f g r i n d .
4. R e c i r c u l a t e u n t i l a l l a i r has been d i s p l a c e d .

SOURCE: SCJohnson Polymer: J o n c r y l 67 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

Miscellaneous

101

P i qment D i s p e r s i o n s
S o l u t i o n s o f J o n c r y l 678 p r o v i d e t h e r h e o l o g y and w e t t i n g t o
p r o d u c e h i g h q u a l i t y pigment d i s p e r s i o n s . The s o l i d s l e v e l o f
J o n c r y l 678 s o l u t i o n s can be a d j u s t e d t o d i s p e r s e e i t h e r d r y
pigment o r " h i g h " and " l o w " s o l i d s p r e s s c a k e .
Dispersion A

k
%
C a l c i u m L i t h o l : S u n B r i t e Red 48:2,
J o n c r y l 60
Water

#234-0077

33.0
24.0
43.3

V i s c o s i t y , cps : 1825
Dispersion 0

5
P h t h a l o B l u e : SunFast B l u e 15:3 ( G . S . ) , #249-1282
J o n c r y l 60
Water
Viscosity,

35.0

26.0
39.0

c p s : 360
Dispersion C

5
D i a r y l i d e Yellow:
J o n c r y l 60
Water
Viscosity,

S u n B r i t e Y e l l o w 12, #273-3556

35.0
26.0
39.0

c p s : 830

T y p i c a l Procedure:
1 . P r e b l e n d b a t c h t o u n i f o r m i t y u s i n g h i g h speed d i s p e r s i n g
e q u i pment
2 . Feed b l e n d i n t o s m a l l media m i 11.
3. I n c r e a s e speed and d i s p e r s e t o r e q u i r e d f i n e n e s s o f g r i n d .
4. R e c i r c u l a t e u n t i l a l l a i r has been d i s p l a c e d .

SOURCE:

SCJohnson Polymer: J o n c r y l 678 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

102

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

P r i m e r f o r P o l y p r o p y l e n e and O t h e r P l a s t i c s and M e t a l s
W S
Raw M a t e r ia1 s :
1
2
CP 343-1 (25%)
20.0
10.0
---E l v a x 260 o r 40W R e s i n ( 1 )
2.5
To1 uene
80.0
87.5
( 1 ) E t h y l e n e v i n y l a c e t a t e copolymer r e s i n s f r o m DuPont.

S t i r - I n A d d i t i v e i n C o a t i n g s f o r P o l y p r o p y l e n e and O t h e r P l a s t i c s

Wt%
1
2
Raw M a t e r i a l s :
CP 343-3 (50%)
5.0 ( 1 )
CP 515-2 (40%)
--7.5 ( 1 )
A c r y l i c enamel o r l a c q u e r
100.0
100.0
( 1 ) L e v e l o f c h l o r i n a t e d p o l y o l e f i n may be a d j u s t e d t o g i v e
optimum p r o p e r t i e s .

----

Primer f o r Polyethylene

Wt%

Raw M a t e r i a l s
1
2
20.0
16.0
CP 153-2 (25%)
E l v a x 40W o r 260 r e s i n ( I )
2.5
To1 uene
80.0
87.5
( 1 ) E t h y l e n e v i n y l a c e t a t e copolymer r e s i n s f r o m DuPont.

----

Eastman C h l o r i n a t e d P o l y o l e f i n s i n C o a t i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d
Plastics:
F e a t u r e s and B e n e f i t s :
*Promotes a d h e s i o n t o p o l y o l e f i n s and o t h e r p l a s t i c s
*Promotes a d h e s i o n t o aluminum and g a l v a n i z e d s t e e l
*Useful f o r s t i r - i n o r primer f o r m u l a t i o n s
* U s e f u l f o r i n k s and c o a t i n g s
* A v a i l a b l e i n s o l u t i o n o r powder f o r m

SOURCE: Eastman Chemical Co.: Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

Miscellaneous

103

Rest n S o l u t i ons

The f o l l o w i n g r e s i n s o l u t i o n s a r e c o m m e r c i a l l y a v a i l a b l e :
J o n c r y l 50

Wt%
J o n c r y l 682 R e s i n F l a k e
Ammonia, 28%
Water
pH: 8 . 4
V i s c o s i t y (cps)*:

50.0
11 . 8
38.2

5,000
J o n c r v l 52

Wt%
J o n c r y l 682 R e s i n F l a k e
Isopropyl Alcohol
Ammonia, 28%
Water
pH: 8 . 7
Viscosity (cps)*:

60.0
10.0
14.0
16.0

5,000

J o n c r y l 55

Wt%
J o n c r y l 682 Resin F l a k e
Ammonia, 28%
Water
pH: 8 . 4
V i s c o s i t y ( c p s ) * : 30,000
* B r o o k f i e l d LVF #3 s p i n d l e ,

61 . O
14.2
24.8

12 rpm, 25C

Procedure f o r making t h e r e s i n s o l u t i o n s :
1 . Add h o t w a t e r (130-150F), i s o p r o p y l a l c o h o l ( i f a p p l i c a b l e ) ,
and ammonia i n a c o v e r e d v e s s e l f i t t e d w i t h h i g h speed d i s persing agitation.
2. S t a r t a g i t a t i o n and add J o n c r y l 682 s l o w enough t o p r e v e n t
t h e f o r m a t i o n o f lumps o r b a l l s . A g i t a t e a t medium speed
f o r 15 m i n u t e s .
3 . Cool and check pH. A d j u s t pH w i t h ammonia t o r e q u i r e d specif i c a t i on.
P r e c a u t i o n s must be t a k e n i n o r d e r t o p r e v e n t l o s s o f a l c o h o l
o r ammonia d u r i n g t h e r e s i n c u t t i n g p r o c e d u r e . S i g n i f i c a n t l o s s
o f e i t h e r t h e a l c o h o l o r ammonia may r e s u l t i n u n d i s s o l v e d r e s i n
i n the solution.
R e s i n c u t s can be made a t v a r i o u s v i s c o s i t i e s by a d j u s t i n g
t h e s o l i d s l e v e l , a l c o h o l , o r pH.

SOURCE: SCJohnson Polymer: J o n c r y l 682 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

104

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

Solvent Free Resin C u t

Wt%

Raw M a t e r i a l s :
Place i n t o c l e a n m i x i n g vessel :
Water
Ammonia, 27%

56.0
9.0

Add s l o w l y w h i l e m i x i n g :
C a r b o s e t GA-1161
35.0
M i x a t h i g h speed f o r 45 m i n u t e s o r u n t i l a l l r e s i n has d i s s o l v e d
F o r m u l a t i o n Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Weight, %: 35.1
V i s c o s i t y . B r o o k f i e l d , 25C, c p s :
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b s : 8 . 9
F o r m u l a t i o n CL 1016

1850

O r g a n i c Pigment G r i n d s
Raw M a t e r ia1 s :
Place i n t o a c l e a n m i x i n g vessel :
Carboset GA-1161
Solvent Free
R e s i n Cut (Formula CL 1016)
Water
BYK 035
A d j u s t p H t o 8 . 5 - t h e n add:
O r g a n i c P i gment
Shot m i l l 12 hours-check g r i n d .
G r i n d s h o u l d be l e s s t h a n 0.5 m i l .

Wt%
40.0
25.9

0.5
30.0

F o r m u l a t i o n Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Weight, %: 44.2
Pigment t o B i n d e r R a t i o : 2.14/1 .OO
F o r m u l a t i o n WI119B

SOURCE:

BF G o o d r i c h S p e c i a l t y Chemicals:

Carboset F o r m u l a t i o n s

Miscellaneous

Solvent Free Resin C u t

Wt%

Raw M a t e r i a1 s:
Place i n t o a c l e a n m i x i n g vessel:
Water
Ammonia, 28%

56.3
8.7

Add s l o w l y w h i l e m i x i n g :
Carboset GA-1162

35.0

F o r m u l a t i o n Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Weight, %: 35.0
T o t a l S o l i d s by Volume, %: 33.1
pH: 8.9
V i s c o s i t y , B r o o k f i e l d , 25C. cps: 1032
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b s . : 8 . 8
F o r m u l a t i o n CL 173
Organic P i ament G r i nds
Raw M a t e r i a1 s:
Place i n t o a clean b a l l m i l l :
Carboset GA-1162 Resin
c u t (CL 1096)
Water
8YK 035
A d j u s t pH t o 8 . 5 - t h e n add:
Organic P i gment
B a l l m i l l 12 hours
Check g r i n d .
G r i n d s h o u l d be l e s s t h a n 0 . 5 m i l .

Wt%
40.0
29.5

0.5
30.0

F o r m u l a t i o n Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s by Weight, %: 44.1
Pigment t o B i n d e r R a t i o : 2.14/1.00
F o r m u l a t i o n W I 1218
SOURCE:

BF

Goodrich S p e c i a l t y Chemicals: Carboset F o r m u l a t i o n s

105

106

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

S o l u t i o n s o f J o n c r v l 678
J o n c r y l 678 i s s u p p l i e d i n s o l i d f o r m and must be n e u t r a l i z e d
and d i s s o l v e d t o f o r m a v a r n i s h b e f o r e use. S o l u t i o n s o f
J o n c r y l 678 shown below a r e c o m m e r c i a l l y a v a i l a b l e as J o n c r y l
60 and J o n c r y l 61:
J o n c r y l 60

Wt%
J o n c r y l 678
Ammonia, 28%
Water

34.00
7.50
58.50

Appearance: C1 e a r s o l u t i on
N o n - V o l a t i l e : 34.0%
V i s c o s i t y : 5500 cps
pH: 8 . 4
Weight p e r G a l l o n : 8 . 9 4 l b s .
T h e o r e t i c a l VOC ( b y W e i g h t ) : 0.7%
J o n c r v l 61

Wt%
J o n c r y l 678
Ammonia, 28%
P r o p y l e n e G1 y c o l
Isopropanol
Water

35.00
7.40
1.45
5.65
50.50

Appearance: C l e a r s o l u t i o n
Non-Vol a t i 1e: 35.5%
V i s c o s i t y : 3250 cps
pH: 8 . 3
Weight p e r G a l l o n : 8.80 l b s .
T h e o r e t i c a l VOC ( b y W e i g h t ) : 7.0%
Procedure f o r making t h e r e s i n s o l u t i o n s :
1 . Add h o t w a t e r (130-150F), i s o p r o p y l a l c o h o l ( i f a p p l i c a b l e ) , and ammonia i n a c o v e r e d v e s s e l f i t t e d w i t h h i g h
speed d i s p e r s i n g a g i t a t i o n .
2. S t a r t a g i t a t i o n and add J o n c r y l 678 s l o w enough t o p r e v e n t
t h e f o r m a t i o n o f lumps o r b a l l s . A g i t a t e a t medium speed
u n t i 1 dissolved.
3. Cool and check pH. A d j u s t pH w i t h ammonia t o r e q u i r e d
speci f i c a t i o n .
P r e c a u t i o n s must be t a k e n i n o r d e r t o p r e v e n t l o s s o f a l c o h o l
o r ammonia d u r i n g t h e r e s i n c u t t i n g p r o c e d u r e . S i g n i f i c a n t l o s s
o f e i t h e r t h e a l c o h o l o r ammonia may r e s u l t i n u n d i s s o l v e d
resin i n the solution.

SOURCE:

SCJohnson Polymer: J o n c r y l 670 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

Miscellaneous

Vinyl

107

P l a s t i s o l M o l d i n q . F i l m Foamina 8 F a b r i c C o a t i n g
( H i g h Speed M i x )

Geon 121
DIDP (Coalescing Solvent)
D i o c t y l Adipate (Coalescing Solvent)
Drapex 4 . 4 ( S t a b i l i z e r )
F e r r o 1742 ( S t a b i l i z e r )
Day-Glo A- o r AX-Pigment

P a r t s p e r Hundred
100
28
12
15
6
5-30

Can be c o n v e r t e d t o an o r g a n o s o l b y t h i n n i n g w i t h v o l a t i l e
d i l u e n t s such as VM & P Naphtha o r X y l e n e . F u s i o n t e m p e r a t u r e
i s 350F (177C).
Semi - R i a i d Calendered V i n v l F i l m
Tenneco 225F
DIDP
Mark GS
Drapex 6 . 8
Day-Glo GT-

100.0
15.0 p h r
2.5 phr

5 . 0 phr
10.0 phr

o r T-Pigment
F l u o r e s c e n t Paper C o a t i ng

E
%
Day-Glo EPX D i s p e r s i o n
25
( a d j u s t pH t o 7 . 5 t o 8.0 b e f o r e a d d i n g o t h e r i n g r e d i e n t s )
C a l c i u m Carbonate
15
Thickener
A s Needed
Latex Binder
23
Water
37
Defoamer, B i o c i d e
As Needed
Tempera P a i n t

Wt%
Day-Glo EPX D i s p e r s i o n
50
( a d j u s t pH t o 7 . 5 t o 8.0 b e f o r e a d d i n g o t h e r i n g r e d i e n t s )
Thickener
As Needed
Latex Binder
25
Water
25
Defoamer, B i o c i d e
As Needed

SOURCE: Day-Glo Color C o r p . : Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

Overprint Varnishes

63

General Purpose OPV (Joncrvl 16791


Primary Purpose:
T h i s i s a general purpose OPV w i t h adequate g l o s s and hardness
f o r most general purpose uses. The f o r m u l a t i o n can be used as a
guide, t o a l l o w t h e f o r m u l a t o r f l e x i b i l i t y i n approaching t h e
more e x o t i c requirements o f some OPV's.
Formu 1a :
#1
J o n c r y l 678
J o n c r y l 77
Z i n c Oxide S o l u t i o n
Jonwax 26
Sodi um Hydroxi de
Bubble Breaker 748
1679
Water

Section I

Printing Inks

Wt%
8.80
59.00
5.90
10.00
1.90
0.20
14.20

Formula J o n c r y l
OPV f o r Wet L i t h o (CDX-562)

P r i m a r y Purpose:
OPV f o r i n - l i n e and o f f - l i n e c o a t ngs on l i t h o g r a p h c p r i n t e d
surfaces using epic-type a p p l i c a t o r s
Formul a :
J o n c r y l 678
J o n c r y l 77
J o n c r y l 89
Jonwax 26
Ammon ia
I PA
Water
W e t t i n g Agent
Preservative
A n t i -foam
Typical C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
T o t a l N o n - V o l a t i l e : 38.5-40.5s
V i s c o s i t y : 100-300 cps
pH: 8.5-9.0
Lbs. /Gal l o n : 8.5-9.0
Formula CDX-562

SOURCE: SC Johnson Polymer: Suggested Formulations

Wt%
7.0
40.0
20.0
10.0
1.5
4.0
13.8
3.0
0.2
0.5

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

Adhesion Promoters
T i t a n i u m A c e t y l A c e t o n a t e (TAA) D e r i v a t i v e s :
The use o f TAA d e r i v a t i v e s i n a CAP-based i n k f o r m u l a t i o n
c o n t a i n i n g a high-acid-number m a l e i c o r a c r y l i c r e s i n was found
t o improve adhesion t o c o e x t r u d e d f i l m s such t h a t commercial i n k s
were i n t r o d u c e d i n t h e l a t e 70s. The use o f m o d i f y i n g r e s i n s
h a v i n g a p p p r e c i a b l e a c i d v a l u e s was necessary i n t h e f o r m u l a t i o n
t o o b t a i n adequate adhesion t o t h e c o e x t r u d e d p o l y o l e f i n
substrate.
T a b l e 4 shows a t y p i c a l i n k f o r m u l a t i o n . The adhesion promoter
( P l - 2 ) i n t h e f o r m u l a t i o n i s isopropoxyethoxy t i t a n i u m b i s
a c e t y l a c e t o n a t e , which was p r e f e r r e d o v e r t h e u n m o d i f i e d TAA
s i n c e i t does n o t c r y s t a l l i s e i n c o l d weather. The t i t a n i u m
d e r i v a t i v e i s t h o u g h t t o promote adhesion by r e a c t i n g w i t h
h y d r o x y l groups on t h e CAP r e s i n and w i t h groups i n t r o d u c e d i n t o
t h e p o l y o l e f i n f i l m d u r i n g t h e corona d i s c h a r g e t r e a t m e n t .
CAP/Acrvlic

Table 4
I n k f o r Coextruded P o l v o l e f i n F i l m s

I n a r e d i e n t s:
CAP-482-0.5
S u r c o l 836W a c r y l i c r e s i n
T i o x i d e R-TC 90 t i t a n i u m d i o x i d e
Dibutyl phthalate
T i l c o n P1-2 (65%)
isopropoxyethoxy t i t a n i u m b i s acetylacetonate
L a n c o g l i d d TD (25%) wax
1 : l d e n a t u r e d e t h a n o 1 : e t h y l a c e t a t e , 99%

Wt%
8.6
4.3
25.8
1.7
2.0
2.0
55.6

Notes :
* T h i s i n k may be o v e r p r i n t e d w i t h an u n m o d i f i e d C A P / a c r y l i c
c o l o u r e d i n k as shown i n T a b l e 2.
*The d r y i n g r a t e may be r e t a r d e d , i f necessary, by adding
1%-5% n - B u t y l a c e t a t e .
*CAP-504-0.2 may be s u b s t i t u t e d f o r CAP-482-0.5 i f a g r e a t e r
concentration o f ethanol i n t h e solvent blend i s required.
The i n k s t a b i l i t y , which appears t o be i n excess o f 12 months,
depends on b o t h t h e presence o f a l c o h o l i n t h e s o l v e n t b l e n d and
on t h e a c i d v a l u e o f t h e m o d i f y i n g r e s i n . The a c i d v a l u e o f
t h e m o d i f y i n g r e s i n i n T a b l e 4 i s around 60; i f r e s i n s h a v i n g
h i g h e r v a l u e s a r e used, t h e i n k s t a b i l i t y i s i m p a i r e d .
SOURCE: Eastman Chemical Co. : F o r m u l a t i o n W16

Printing

Inks

Black Ink
Raw M a t e r i a l s :
P l a c e i n t o c l e a n b a l l m i l l f o r 12 h o u r s .
Carboset GA-1364
DM Water
Monoethanolamine
Foamburst 151
Foamburst 157
Raven 450
Check g r i n d .

Wt%
69.2
18.0
0.3
0.4
0.1
12.0

Formulation Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Weight, %: 30.0
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Volume, %: 23.0
pH: 8 . 7
Weight p e r G a l l o n / l b s : 9 . 1
V i s c o s i t y , B r o o k f i e l d , 25C, cps: 211
V i s c o s i t y , #3 Zahn. 25C, s e c . : 12
F o r m u l a t i o n W I 62
Red

Ink

Raw M a t e r i a l s :
P l a c e i n t o c l e a n b a l l m i l l f o r 12 h o u r s .
Carboset GA-1364
DM Water
Monoethanolamine
Foamburst 151
Foamburst 157
S u n b r i t e Red
Check g r i n d .

69.2
18.0
0.3
0.4
0.1
12.0

Formulation Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Weight, %: 30.0
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Volume, %: 23.0
pHi 8 . 8
Weight p e r G a l l o n / l b s . : 9.0
V i s c o s i t y , B r o o k f i e l d , 25C, cps: 443
V i s c o s i t y . #3 Zahn, 25C, sec: 16
F o r m u l a t i o n W I 159
SOURCE: BF G o o d r i c h S p e c i a l t y Chemicals: Carboset F o r m u l a t i o n s

Printing Ink and Overprini Varnish Formulaiwns

B l a c k Ink f o r Paper Board

Raw M a t e r i a l s :
Place i n t o a c l e a n m i x i n g vessel:
L i q u a f 1ex B l ack

34.0

S l o w l y mix and add:


Carboset GA-1086
CL 119 (See page 92)
Michem 32535
CL 135 (See page 92)
Water
Butyl Cellosolve
BYK 301
M i x a t medium speed f o r 30 m i n u t e s

35.0
18.0
3.0
3.4
4.3
2.2

0.1

F o r m u l a t i o n Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s by Weight, %: 41
T o t a l S o l i d s by Volume, 96: 36
pH: 8.1
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b s : 9 . 1
V i s c o s i t y , #3 Zahn, 25C, s e c . : 20
V i s c o s i t y , B r o o k f i e l d , 25C, cps: 135
F o r m u l a t i o n WI 141
Overprint Varnish

Wt%

Raw M a t e r i a l s :
Place i n t o a c l e a n m i x i n g vessel:
Carboset GA-1086

60.0

S l o w l y mix and add:


CL 119 (See Page 92)
Michem 32535
CL 135 (See Page 92)
Water
B u t y l C e l l os01ve
BYK 301
M i x a t medium speed 30 minutes
F o r m u l a t i o n Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s by Weight, %: 43
T o t a l S o l i d s by Volume, %: 40
pH: 8 . 1
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b s : 0 . 7
V i s c o s i t y , #3, 25C, s e c . : 20
V i s c o s i t y , B r o o k f i e l d , 25C, cps:
F o r m u l a t i o n CL 142

29.1
2.8
2.0
4.0
2.0
0.1

160

SOURCE: BF Q o o d r i c h S p e c i a l t y Chemicals: Carboset F o r m u l a t i o n s

Printing

Inks

Blue I n k

Wt%

Raw M a t e r i a l s :
F l e x i v e r s e BFD-1121

30.0

Mix and add s l o w l y w h i l e m i x i n g :


CL 1066 (See below)
Water
Carboset GA-1087
S a n t i c i z e r 160
Michem 32535
M i x a t medium speed f o r 15 m i n u t e s .

20.0
11 . o
31 . O
3.5
4.5

Formulation Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Weight, %: 44
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Volume, %: 39
pH: 8 . 8
V i s c o s i t y , 25C, #3 Zahn, Seconds: 36
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b s : 9 . 1
F o r m u l a t i o n W I 131
High S o l i d s Resin Cut
Raw M a t e r i a l s :
Place i n t o a clean m i x i n g vessel:
Water
Isopropanol
Ammonia, 28%

C
%
27.0
10.0
13.0

Add s l o w l y w h i l e m i x i n g :
Carboset GA-1161
50.0
Mix a t h i g h speed f o r 45 m i n u t e s o r u n t i l a l l r e s i n has d i s s o l v e d
Formulation Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s Weight, %: 52.0
T o t a l S o l i d s by Volume, %: 47.6
pH: 8 . 2
V i s c o s i t y , B r o o k f i e l d , 25C, cps: 3,250
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b s : 8.9
Formula CL 106B

SOURCE:

BF G o o d r i c h S p e c i a l t y Chemicals: Carboset F o r m u l a t i o n s

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

B l u e Ink

for Paper and PaDer Board

Raw M a t e r i a l s :
Place i n t o a c l e a n b a l l m i l l :
Carboset GA-1387
DM Water
Isopropyl Alcohol
BYK 035
S u n f a s t B l u e 249-1291
B a l l m i l l 12 h o u r s
check g r i n d

Wt9(

65.0
16.8
3.0
0.2
15.0

Formulation Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Weight, %: 3 0 . 0
Pigment b i n d e r r a t i o : 1 : l
V i s c o s i t y , #2 Zahn, 25C, sec: 22
pH: 8 . 2
F o r m u l a t i o n W I 138
B l u e C o r r u a a t e d Ink
Raw M a t e r i a l s :
S l o w l y Premix t h e f o l l o w i n g :
S u n f a s t B l u e 449-1281
Carboset GA-1387
Isopropyl Alcohol
Huber 900
Foamburst 338
Water
Ethanolamine
P l a c e i n t o a c l e a n b a l l m i l l and b a l l m i l l 1 2 h o u r s
g r i nd.

Wt%
30.0
60.0
3.0
5.0
0.2
1. I
0.7
check

Formulation Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s by Weight, %: 3 0 . 8
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Volume, %: 23.6
pH: 9 . 0
Weight p e r g a l l o n , l b s . : 9 . 2
V i s c o s i t y , #2 Zahn, 25C, s e c . : 29
V i s c o s i t y , B r o o k f i e l d , 25C, cps: 135
Pigment t o B i n d e r R a t i o : 1 / 1 . 2
F o r m u l a t i o n W I 140

SOURCE: BF Goodrich S p e c i a l t y Chemicals: Carboset F o r m u l a t i o n s

Printing Inks

Bronze Gold I n k
Components:
Eastek 2140 polymer d i s p e r s i o n ( a )
Eastek 1300 polymer d i s p e r s i o n ( a )
n-Propyl a l c o h o l
S u r f y n o l 104 PA s u r f a c t a n t ( b )
Cobratec 99 b e n z o t r i a z o l e ( c )
Defoamer ( d )
Associative thickener (e)
Biocide ( f )
R i c h g o l d f l a k e 9520X (bronze powder) ( 9 )

Wt%
47.2
11.7
5.0
0.5
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.1
45.0

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

Eastman
A i r Products
PMC S p e c i a l t i e s
Suggested defoamers i n c l u d e DC 65 A d d i t i v e (Dow C o r n i n g ) ;
S u r f y n o l DF-75 ( A i r P r o d u c t s ) ; Dee Fo 97-3 ( U l t r a A d d i t i v e s ) ; Defoamer RD-1386 (R&A A u x i l i a r i e s ) ; Mazu DF 327C
(PPG)
( e ) Suggested a s s o c i a t i v e t h i c k e n e r s i n c l u d e A c r y s o l RM-825
(Rohm and Haas) ; DSX-1514 (Henkel ) .
( f ) Suggested b i o c i d e s i n c l u d e Tektamer 38LV (Cal gon) ; P r o x e l
GXL and P r o x e l BD (Zeneca).
( 9 ) U . S . Bronze Powders

F o r m u l a t i o n Notes:
1. Components a r e l i s t e d i n o r d e r o f a d d i t i o n .
2. I n k v i s c o s i t y w i l l depend on bronze l e v e l . To a d j u s t v i s c o s i t y , t h i s f o r m u l a t i o n can be c u t w i t h w a t e r o r w i t h an
80/20 b l e n d o f w a t e r / n - p r o p y l a l c o h o l .
A p p l i c a t i o n : Gravure
Substrates:
G i f t wrap
Other c o a t e d papers
Features:
*Good m e t a l l i c appearance
*Redi s p e r s i b l e a f t e r s e t t ing
*Fast r u n n i n g speeds

SOURCE: Eastman Chemical Co.

Eastek Standard No. 91501

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

__
C A.P/Acrvlic

I n k W i t h Amino S i l a n e Adhesion Promoter

S i 1anes :
S i l a n e s r e a c t w i t h h y d r o x y l groups on CAP and promote adhesion
s i m i l a r l y t o t h e t i t a n i u m d e r i v a t i v e s d e s c r i b e d . However, i t has
been f o u n d t h a t amine s i l a n e s have t h e g r e a t e s t e f f e c t on adhes i o n improvement. The amino s i l a n e d e r i v a t i v e s t h a t appeared t o
o f f e r t h e b e s t p r o p e r t i e s were S i l a n e 26020 f r o m Dow C o r n i n g o r
D y n a s i l a n DAMO f r o m Dynamit N o b e l .
The l e n g t h o f t h e a l k y l c h a i n on t h e amino s i l a n e appeared t o
have l i t t l e e f f e c t on adhesion, b u t t h e l o n g e r - c h a i n s i l a n e s
produced a s t r o n g amine odour d u r i n g i n k d r y i n g . A n o t h e r a s p e c t
o f u s i n g amino s i l a n e s i s t h a t f o r m u l a t e d i n k s cannot be
s u c c e s s f u l l y p r i n t e d i m m e d i a t e l y . There appears t o be some chemic a l r e a c t i o n between t h e s i l a n e and t h e b i n d e r ; i f p r i n t i n g i s
c a r r i e d o u t b e f o r e i t i s completed, p o o r adhesion r e s u l t s .
W i t h S i l a n e 26020 t h e d e l a y was 16 hours, b u t w i t h new
samples o f D y n a s i l a n DAMO t h e d e l a y was 10 m i n u t e s , a l t h o u g h
i t i n c r e a s e d w i t h a g i n g . The d e l a y , however, c o u l d be o b v i a t e d
b y p r e p a r i n g master s o l u t i o n s o f s i l a n e w i t h a c r y l i c r e s i n
s o l u t i o n . These appeared s t a b l e t o l o n g - t e r m a g i n g and c o u l d be
used i n i n k s f o r immediate use.
T a b l e 7 shows a t y p i c a l CAP-based s i l a n e i n k f o r m u l a t i o n .
F o r t h e s i l a n e s examined, i t was i m p o r t a n t t h a t t h e a c r y l i c
r e s i n has a z e r o a c i d number; a c r y l i c s h a v i n g a measurable a c i d
v a l u e r e s u l t e d i n poor g l o s s . One d i s a d v a n t a g e o f s i l a n e based i n k s was t h e i r l a c k o f v i s c o s i t y s t a b i l i t y d u r i n g a g i n g
o v e r s e v e r a l weeks.
Table 7
Ingredients:
CAP-482-0.5
P l e x i g u m N742 a c r y l i c r e s i n
O i butyl phthalate
T i o x i d e R-TC 90 t i t a n i u m d i o x i d e
S i l a n e 26020 a m i n o s i l a n e d e r i v a t i v e
1 : 1 i n d u s t r i a l ethano1:ethyl acetate

Wt%
8.73
4.37
1.75
26.20
1.31
57.64

The v i s c o s i t y i n c r e a s e , however, c o u l d be reduced somewhat


b y a d d i n g 2.6% t r i m e t h y l o r t h o f o r m a t e o r t r i e t h y l o r t h o f o r m a t e t o
t h e f o r m u l a t i o n i n T a b l e 7 . The use o f D y n a s i l a n 1411 a m i n o s i l a n e
d e r i v a t i v e , a c h e m i c a l l y m o d i f i e d D y n a s i l a n DAMO, r e s u l t e d i n a
reduced v i s c o s i t y i n c r e a s e d u r i n g i n k a g i n g .
The r e s u l t i n g CAP-based i n k p r i n t p r o p e r t i e s appeared good and
compared q u i t e f a v o u r a b l y w i t h t h e unmodifed amino s i l a n e d e r i v a t i v e . As w i t h t h e p o l y e t h y l e n e i m i n e adhesion p r o m o t e r , s i l a n e s
c o u l d n o t b e used w i t h n i t r o c e l l u l o s e - b a s e d i n k s ; g e l a t i o n
o c c u r r e d a 1most immedi a t e l y

SOURCE:

Eastman Chemical Co.:

F o r m u l a t i o n W44

Printing Inks

CAP/Acrylic

I n k f o r PVDC-Coated F i l m s

I n Europe p r o b a b l y t h e most common f i l m s p r i n t e d w i t h CAPbased i n k s a r e PVDC-coated c e l l o p h a n e o r p o l y p r o p y l e n e . A c r y l i c s


a r e t h e most p o p u l a r m o d i f y i n g r e s i n s for t h e s e CAP-based i n k s
because t h e y o f f e r a c o m b i n a t i o n o f e s s e n t i a l p r o p e r t i e s .
The most i m p o r t a n t p r o p e r t i e s a r e l o w odour and l o w r e t a i n e d
s o l v e n t , h i g h h e a t r e s i s t a n c e , t h e a b i l i t y t o be o v e r l a c q u e r e d
w i t h PVDC, and e x c e l l e n t adhesion. T a b l e 2 shows a t y p i c a l
f o r m u l a t i o n o f such an i n k . The a c r y l i c r e s i n and p l a s t i c i s e r i n
t h e f o r m u l a t i o n may be a l t e r e d t o s u i t p r i n t i n g c o n d i t i o n s .
I n t h e f o r m u l a t i o n i n T a b l e 2, t h e w h i t e base i n k c o n s i s t s o f
2 : l C A P : a c r y l i c r e s i n t o produce adequate heat r e s i s t a n c e . The
p i g m e n t : b i n d e r r a t i o i s 2 : l i n o r d e r t o p r o v i d e h i d i n g . The
t o p i n k c o n t a i n s 3 : l C A P : a c r y l i c r e s i n t o improve t h e heat
r e s i s t a n c e as much as p o s s i b l e and t o reduce t h e odour, s i n c e
a c r y l i c polymers nay c o n t a i n r e s i d u a l monomer.
Table 2
CAP/Acrvlic

ink f o r PVDC-Coated F i l m s
Base Ink

Raw M a t e r i a l s :
CAP-482-0.5
P a r a l o i d 872 r e s i n
T i o x i d e R-TC 90 t i t a n i u m d i o x i d e
Dibutyl phthalate
L a n c o g l i d d TD (25%) wax
Crodamine OR wax
1 : l denatured ethano1:ethyl a c e t a t e

Wt%
8.6
4.3
25.8
2.0
4.5
1.5
53.3

TOP Ink

Raw M a t e r i a l s :
CAP-504-0.2
Plexigum NBO r e s i n
Dibutyl phthalate
Pigment
L a n c o g l i d d TD (25%) wax
4 : l denatured ethano1:ethyl

%
&

9.0

acetate

3.0
2.0
12.0
2.3
71 . 7

Notes :
*It was found t h a t i n t h o s e cases where t h e d r y i n g r a t e was
t o o r a p i d t h e a d d i t i o n o f 1%-5% n - b u t y l a c e t a t e was b e n e f i -

cial.
*The above f o r m u l a t i o n may a l s o be used on a c r y l i c - c o a t e d
p o l y p r o p y l e n e ( e . 9 . B i c o r M6600) o r t r e a t e d p o l y e s t e r f i l m
( e . g . M e l i n e x 813).
SOURCE: Eastman Chemical Co.:

Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

10

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

CAP/Acrvlic

I n k w i t h Zirconium P r o p i o n a t e

Z i r c o n i um D e r i v a t i ves:
Several z i r c o n i u m compounds a c t as adhesion promoters f o r
CAP-based i n k s , p r o b a b l y by r e a c t i n g w i t h a v a i l a b l e h y d r o x y l
groups on t h e CAP m o l e c u l e s i m i l a r l y t o t h e p r e v i o u s l y d e s c r i b e d
t i t a n i u m d e r i v a t i v e s . Zirconium propionate e x h i b i t s t h e c o r r e c t
s o l u b i l i t y , c o m p a t i b i l i t y , and r e a c t i v i t y t o be u s e f u l w i t h
c e l l u l o s e a c e t a t e p r o p i o n a t e and was f o r m u l a t e d i n t o p r i n t i n g
i n k s as T a b l e 8 shows.
Table 8
Inaredient:
CAP-482-0.5
Plexigum N742 a c r y i c r e s i n
Dibutyl phthalate
T i o x i d e R-TC 90 t i t a n i u m d i o x i d e
Zirconium p r o p i o n a t e
1 : l i n d u s t r i a l ethano1:ethyl acetate
Notes:
* T h i s i n k may be o v e r p r i n t e d w i t h an u n m o d i f i e d
c o l o u r e d i n k as T a b l e 2 shows.
*The d r y i n g r a t e may be r e t a r d e d , i f necessary,
1%-5% n - b u t y l a c e t a t e .
*CAP-504-0.2 may be s u b s t i t u t e d f o r CAP-482-0.5
c o n c e n t r a t i o n o f e t h a n o l i n t h e s o l v e n t system

8.73
4.37
1.75
26.20
1.31
57.64
CAP/acrylic
by adding
i f a greater
i s required.

As w i t h t h e s i l a n e adhesion promoters, t h e use o f a z e r o - a c i d number a c r y l i c r e s i n was necessary t o produce t h e b e s t g l o s s ,


c o m p a t i b i l i t y , and s h e l f l i f e . Z i r c o n i u m propionate-based
f o r m u l a t i o n s d i d n o t appear t o i n c r e a s e i n v i s c o s i t y w i t h t i m e ,
and u s e f u l s h e l f l i f e appeared t o be i n excess o f 12 months. The
f o r m u l a t i o n s a l s o adhered s u c c e s s f u l l y on m e t a l l i s e d p r o p y l e n e
f i l m . The adhesion i m p r o v i n g markedly w i t h o v e r n i g h t a g i n g .

SOURCE: Eaetman Chemical Co.:

F o r m u l a t i o n W41

Printing Inks

I1

Coalesced Joncrvl 537


Joncryl 537 is an acrylic emulsion that has been specifically
designed for its alkali resistance properties. It is a hard
polymer that needs to be coalesced (softened) in order to maximize its resistance and film forming properties.
% bv Weiaht

Joncryl 5 3 7
Glycol Ether: Butyl Cellosolve & Ektasolve EB

95.0
5.0

Procedure:
Add the coalescing solvent to the Joncryl 537 with moderate
agitation. Continue agitation until homogeneous.
Alkali Resistant Ink-Blue

Wt%
Pigment Blue: Sun F a s t - 2 4 8 - 1 2 6 2
Joncryl 5 6
Coalesced Joncryl 537
Water
Jonwax 2 6

15.0
28.0
26.0
24.0
7.0

Viscosity ( # 2 Zahn): 20 secs


A1 kal i Resistant Ink-Red

Wt%
Pigment Red: Sun Fast - 234-0077
Joncryl 5 6
Coalesced Joncryl 537
Water
Jonwax 2 6

15.0
28.0
26.0
24.0
7.0

Viscosity ( # 2 Zahn): 22 secs


Alkali Resistant Ink-Yellow
Pigment Yellow: Sun Brite
Joncryl 5 6
Coalesced Joncryl 537
Water
Jonwax 2 6

Wt%
273-3556

15.0
28.0
26.0
24.0
7.0

Viscosity ( # 2 Zahn): 21 secs

SOURCE: SCJohnson Polymer: Joncryl 56 Suggested Formulations

12

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

D i a r v l i d e Yellow Ink for Polvethvlene/Board


Raw M a t e r i a1 s:
Place i n t o a clean mixing vessel:
L i q u a f 1ex Ye1 1ow YD-3000
S l o w l y m i x and add:
C a r b o s e t GA-1324
Water
n-Propyl Alcohol
Michem 32535
Foamburst 338
BYK 301
F l u o r a d FC120
M i x a t medium speed f o r 15 m i n u t e s

Wt%
26.8
57.8
5.0
3.0
7.0
0.1
0.2
0.1

T o t a l S o l i d s b y Weight, %: 4 2 . 7
pH: 8 . 7
Weight p e r G a l l o n , pounds: 8 . 8
V i s c o s i t y , B r o o k f i e l d , 25C, c p s : 94
P.E. F i l m :
G l o s s , 60C: 106
C o e f f i c i e n t o f f r i c t i o n (COF): 88.2
C a r o l i n a Board:
G l o s s , 60C: 35
B l o c k i n g , Face-to-Face, F: 280
S l i d e Angle: 33.6
C o e f f i e n t o f F r i c t i o n (COF): 88.0
F o r m u l a t i o n W I 136
O i l R e s i s t a n t OPV

Raw M a t e r i a l s :
Place i n t o a clean mixing vessel :
Carboset GA-1324
Premix and add s l o w l y w h i l e m i x i n g :
Water
Isopropyl Alcohol
Carboset GA-1931
Michem 32535
M i x a t moderate speed f o r 30 m i n u t e s .
Add s l o w l y w h i l e m i x i n g .
BYK 301
FC 129
A g i t a t e a t moderate speed u n t i l t h o r o u g h l y mixed.
Formulation Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Weight, %: 3 6 . 0
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Volume, %: 34.3
pH: 8 . 6
Weight p e r G a l l o n , pounds: 8 . 7
V i s c o s i t y , Zahn #2, seconds: 26.0
V i s c o s i t y , B r o o k f i e l d , 25C, cps: 54
F o r m u l a t i o n CL-164

SOURCE:

Wt%
50.0
20.3
4.0
20.8
4.4
0.3
0.2

BF G o o d r i c h S p e c i a l t y Chemicals: Carboset F o r m u l a t i o n s

Printing

Inks

Extender f o r Beverage Board I n k s


Components:
Wt%
74.5
Eastek 2140 polymer d i s p e r s i o n (31321) ( a )
18.7
Eastek 1300 polymer d i s p e r s i o n (31281) ( a )
0.5
S u r f y n o l 104 PA s u r f a c t a n t ( b )
6.0
n-Propyl a l c o h o l
0.2
A c r y s o l RM-825 a s s o c i a t i v e t h i c k e n e r ( c )
0.1
Biocide (d)
( a ) Eastman
( b ) A i r Products
( c ) Rohm and Haas
( d ) Suggested b i o c i d e s i n c l u d e Tektamer 38LV (Calgon);
P r o x e l GXL and P r o x e l BD (Zeneca).
F o r m u l a t i o n Notes:
1. Components a r e l i s t e d i n o r d e r o f a d d i t i o n .
2. Add pigment c o l o r bases t o t h e e x t e n d e r t o a c h i e v e d e s i r e d
shade. Cut w i t h 50/50 w a t e r / a l c o h o l t o p r i n t i n g v i s c o s i t y
( t y p i c a l l y 20-25 s / # 2 Zahn EZ s e r i e s c u p ) . A t p r e s s - s i d e ,
add more e x t e n d e r o r pigment c o l o r base as necessary t o
adjust color strength.
A p p l i c a t i o n : Gravure
S u b s t r a t e : Beverage b o a r d
Features :
* F a s t r u n n i n g speeds
* U s e r - f r i e n d l y on p r e s s
*Compatible w i t h many pigment d i s p e r s i o n s and m i 11 bases
*High g l o s s
SOURCE: Eastman Chemical: Eastek Standard No. 91712
Blue I n k f o r P o l v o l e f i n s
Material :
Place i n t o c l e a n m i x i n a
- vessel:
Carboset XPD-1993
Add w h i l e m i x i n g :
Isopropyl Alcohol
T r i o n i c 100
S u r f y n o l 104PA
F1e x i v e r s e 8FD-121
Water
Formulation Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s by Weight, %: 42.4
pH: 8 . 7
Weight p e r G a l l o n , pounds: 8 . 9
V i s c o s i t y , Zahn #2, 25C, seconds:
P r i n t v i s c o s i t y : 25.0

Wt%
47.0
4.0
2.5
0.5
43.0
3.0

39.0

SOURCE: BF G o o d r i c h : F o r m u l a t i o n WL-240

13

14

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

Finished I n k s
Pigment d i s p e r s i o n s made f r o m J o n c r y l 67 (see page 100)
p r o v i d e a good b a s i s on which t o f o r m u l a t e water based f l u i d
i n k s f r o m J o n c r y l 74.
Q u a l i t y Corrusated-Red

Wt%
Dispersion A
J o n c r y l 74
J o n c r y l 87
Jonwax 26
Water
A n t i f o a m : Bubble Breaker 748
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * : 25
One Week V i s c o s i t y * :
B e f o r e a g i t a t i o n : 35
A f t e r a g i t a t i o n : 31
*Secs. #2 Zahn Cup

43.0
11 .o
39.0
5.0
1.5
0.5

Q u a l i t y Corruaated-Blue

Wt%
Dispersion B
J o n c r y l 74
J o n c r y l 87
Jonwax 26
Water
A n t i f o a m : Bubble Breaker 748
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * : 25
One Week V i s c o s i t y * :
B e f o r e a g i t a t i o n : 28
A f t e r a g i t a t i o n : 27
*Secs, #2 Zahn Cup

37.0
11 . o
42.0

5.0
4.5

0.5

Q u a l i t y Corruaated-Yellow

Wt%
Dispersion C
J o n c r y l 74
J o n c r y l 87
Jonwax 26
Water
A n t i f o a m : Bubble Breaker 748
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * : 26
One Week V i s c o s i t y * :
B e f o r e a g i t a t i o n : 36
A f t e r a g i t a t i o n : 32
*Secs, #2 Zahn Cup

37.0
11 .o
42.0
5.0
4.5
0.5

SOURCE: SC Johnson Polymers: J o n c r y l 74 SugQested F o r m u l a t i o n s

Printing Inks

Finished I n k s
Pigment d i s p e r s i o n s made f r o m J o n c r y l 67 (see page 100)
p r o v i d e a good b a s i s on which t o f o r m u l a t e water based f l u i d
i n k s from J o n c r y l 74.
Economy Corrugated-Red
Wt%
43.0
10.0
18.5
5.0
23.0
0.5

Dispersion A
J o n c r y l 74
J o n c r y l 91
Jonwax 22
Water
Antifoam: Bubble Breaker 748
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * : 26
One Week V i s c o s i t y * :
B e f o r e a g i t a t i o n : 32
A f t e r a g i t a t i o n : 29
*Secs. #2 Zahn Cup
Economy Corrugated-Blue

__
Wt%
Dispersion B
J o n c r y l 74
J o n c r y l 91
Jonwax 22
Water
Antifoam: Bubble Breaker 748
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * : 26
One Week V i s c o s i t y * :
B e f o r e a g i t a t i o n : 29
A f t e r a g i t a t i o n : 28
*Secs, #2 Zahn Cup

37.0
10.0
20.0
5.0
27.5

0.5

Economy Corruaated-Yellow

wyt
Dispersion C
J o n c r y l 74
J o n c r y l 91
Jonwax 22
Water
Antifoam: Bubble Breaker 748
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * : 25
One Week V i s c o s i t y * :
B e f o r e a g i t a t i o n : 22
A f t e r a g i t a t i o n : 21
*Secs, #2 Zahn Cup
SOURCE: SC Johnson Polymers:

37.0
10.0
21 .o
5.0
26.5
0.5

J o n c r y l 74 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

15

16

PrintinR Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

F l n i shed Inks
Pigment d i s p e r s i o n s made from J o n c r y l 67 (see page 100)
p r o v i d e a good b a s i s on which t o f o r m u l a t e water based f l u i d i n k s
from J o n c r y l 74.
F o i l . Film. Metallized,

& Tissue-Red

Wt%
Dispersion A
J o n c r y l 74
Jonwax 26
A n t i f o a m : Bubble Breaker 748

43.0

51.5
5.0
0.5

I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * : 25
One Week V i s c o s i t y * :
B e f o r e a g i t a t i o n : 39
A f t e r a g i t a t i o n : 33
*Secs, #2 Zahn Cup
F o i l , F i l m , M e t a l l i z e d . & Tissue-Blue

Wt%
Dispersion B
J o n c r y l 74
Jonwax 26
Water
A n t i f o a m : Bubble Breaker 748

36.0

53.5
5.0
5.0
0.5

I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * : 26
One Week V i s c o s i t y * :
B e f o r e a g i t a t i o n : 28
A f t e r a g i t a t i o n : 27
*Secs, #2 Zahn Cup
F o i l , F i l m , M e t a l l i z e d . & Tissue-Yellow

Wt%
Dispersion C
J o n c r y l 74
Jonwax 26
Water
A n t i f o a m : Bubble Breaker 740

37.0

51.5
5.0
6.0

0.5

I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * : 25
One Week V i s c o s i t y * :
B e f o r e a g i t a t i o n : 29
A f t e r a g i t a t i o n : 26
*Secs, #2 Zahn Cup

SOURCE: SC Johnson Polymers: J o n c r y l 74 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

Printing Inks

F i n i s h e d Inks
Pigment d i s p e r s i o n s made f r o m J o n c r y l 67 (see page 100)
p r o v i d e a good b a s i s on which t o f o r m u l a t e water based f l u i d
i n k s from J o n c r y l 74.
Tag & Label-Red
Dispersion A
J o n c r y l 74
J o n c r y l 87
Jonwax 26
Water
Antifoam: Bubble Breaker 748
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * : 25
One Week V i s c o s i t y * :
B e f o r e a g i t a t i o n : 40
A f t e r a g i t a t i o n : 30
*Sees, #2 Zahn Cup

Wt%
43.0
22.0
27.0
5.0

2.5
0.5

Tag 8 Label-Blue
Dispersion B
J o n c r y l 74
J o n c r y l 87
J o n c r y l 26
Water
Antifoam: Bubble Breaker 748
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * : 25
One Week V i s c o s i t y * :
B e f o r e a g i t a t i o n : 29
A f t e r a g i t a t i o n : 28
*Sees. #2 Zahn Cup

Wt%
37.0
23.5
30.0
5.0
4.0
0.5

Tag & Label-Yellow


Dispersion C
J o n c r y l 74
J o n c r y l 87
Jonwax 26
Water
A n t i f o a m : Bubble Breaker 748
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * : 25
One Week V i s c o s i t y * :
B e f o r e a g i t a t i o n : 43
A f t e r a g i t a t i o n : 33
*Secs, #2 Zahn Cup

Wt%
37.0
23.0

29.5
5.0
5.0
0.5

SOURCE: SCJohnson Polymer: J o n c r y l 74 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

17

18

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

F1exoaraphi c I n k s
The f o l l o w i n g f o r m u l a t i o n s a r e recommended as a s t a r t i n g p o i n t
f o r f l e x o g r a p h i c i n k s t o be used i n s u r f a c e p r i n t i n g o f t r e a t e d
p o l y e t h y l e n e . M o d i f i c a t i o n may be necessary f o r i n d i v i d u a l
applications.
N i t r o c e l 1u l o s e Modi f i c a t i on-HM I n k

Wt%
Day-Glo HM S o l u b l e Toner
1 / 4 Sec. SS N i t r o c e l l u l o s e (70% d r y b a s i s i n E t h a n o l )
Anhydrous E t h y l A l c o h o l
N-Propyl A c e t a t e
S a n t i c i z e r 141
Kemamide E
Pol ymi s t A-1 2

35.0
10.8
41 .O
10.2
1.o
1.o
1. o

N i t r o c e l l u l o s e Modi f ication-HMS I n k

Wt%
Day-Glo HMS S o l u b l e Toner
1 / 4 Sec. SS N i t r o c e l l u l o s e (70% d r y b a s i s i n E t h a n o l )
Anhydrous E t h y l A l c o h o l
N-Propyl A c e t a t e
S a n t i c i z e r 141
Kemamide E
P o l y m i s t A-12

35.0
10.8
38.4
12.8
1. o
1.o
1 .o

Water-Based F l e x o I n k

Wt%
Day-Glo EPX D i s p e r s i o n
75.4
( a d j u s t pH t o 7.5 t o 8 . 0 b e f o r e a d d i n g o t h e r i n g r e d i e n t s )
R h e o l a t e 101 ( T h i c k e n e r )
0.4
( d i s p e r s e i n g r e d i e n t s , a t h i g h speed, b e f o r e addi ng ammonia)
Ammon ia
0.8
10.0
G-Cry1 250 ( A c r y l ic B i n d e r )
10.0
Lucidene 602 ( A c r y l i c B i n d e r )
I. 4
Tamol 731 ( S u r f a c t a n t )
L i q u i t r o n 251 (Wax D i s p e r s i o n )
2.0
Defoamer, B i o c i d e
As Needed

SOURCE: Day-Glo C o l o r Corp.:

Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

Printing Inks

F1exogr aDh ic Inks


The f o l l o w i n g f o r m u l a t i o n s a r e recommended as a s t a r t i n g
p o i n t f o r f l e x o g r a p h i c i n k s t o be used i n s u r f a c e p r i n t i n g o f
t r e a t e d p o l y e t h y l e n e . M o d i f i c a t i o n may be necessary f o r
individual applications.
Propionate Modification-HM I n k

Wt%
35.0
8.0
2.0
41 . 6
10.4
1.o
1.o
1.o

Day-Glo HM S o l u b l e Toner
C e l l u l o s e A c e t a t e P r o p i o n a t e (CAP-504-0.2)
Krumbhaar Resin K-1717-8
Anhydrous E t h y l A l c o h o l
N-Propyl A c e t a t e
S a n t i c i z e r 141
Kemamide E
Pol ymi s t A-1 2
P r o p i o n a t e Modification-HMS

Ink

Wt%
Day-Glo HMS S o l u b l e Toner
C e l l u l o s e A c e t a t e P r o p i o n a t e (CAP-504-0.2)
Krumbhaar Resin K-1717-8
Anhydrous E t h y l A l c o h o l
N-Propyl A c e t a t e
S a n t i c i z e r 141
Kemamide E
P o l y m i s t A-12

35.0

8.0
2.0
39.0
13.0
1.o
1. o
1 .o

1-Type Gravure I n k

Wt%
Day-Glo T- o r GT-Pigment
P a r l o n S-20
To1 uene
Paraplex G-60
S-395-N5 Wax

SOURCE:

Day-Glo C o l o r Corp.:

40.0
11 . o
42.0
5.0
2.0
Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

19

20

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

Flexo I n k
P r o p i o n a t e Modi f i c a t i o n - H M I n k

Wt%
35.0

Day-Glo HM S o l u b l e Toner
C e l l u l o s e A c e t a t e P r o p i o n a t e (CAP-504-0.2)
Krumbhaar Resin K-1717-B
Anhydrous E t h y l A l c o h o l
N-Propyl A c e t a t e
S a n t i c i z e r 141
Kemamide E
P o l y m i s t A-12
P r o p i o n a t e Modification-HMS

8.0
2.0
41.6
10.4
1 .o
1.o

1 .o

Ink

Wt%
35.0
8.0

Day-Glo HMS S o l u b l e Toner


C e l l u l o s e A c e t a t e P r o p i o n a t e (CAP-504-0.2)
Krumbhaar Resin K-1717-8
Anhydrous E t h y l A l c o h o l
N-Propyl A c e t a t e
S a n t i c i z e r 141
Kemamide E
P o l y m i s t A-12

2.0

39.0
13.0
1.o
1.o
1.o

N i t r o c e l l u l o s e Modification-HM I n k

Wt%
Day-Glo HM S o l u b l e Toner
1/4 Sec. SS N i t r o c e l l u l o s e (70% d r y b a s i s i n E t h a n o l )
Anhydrous E t h y l A l c o h o l
#-Propyl A c e t a t e
S a n t i c i z e r 141
Kemamide E
P o l y m i s t A-12
N i t r o c e l l u l o s e Modification-HMS

35.0
10.8
41 . O
10.2

1 .o
1 .o
1.o

Ink

y&
Day-Glo HMS S o l u b l e Toner
1/4 Sec. SS N i t r o c e l l u l o s e (70% d r y b a s i s i n E t h a n o l )
Anhydrous E t h y l A l c o h o l
N-Propyl A c e t a t e
S a n t i c i z e r 141
Kemamide E
P o l y m i s t A-12
SOURCE: Day-Glo C o l o r Corp.:

Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

35.0
10.8

38.4
12.8

1 .o
I .o
1. o

Printing Inks

21

f o r m u l a t i o n G u i d e l i n e s f o r CAP i n L i q u i d I n k s
T a b l e 3 shows t h e r e s i n s and p l a s t i s e r s e v a l u a t e d i n t h e
f o r m u l a t i o n . The a c r y l i c r e s i n i s added t o improve adhesion o f
t h e i n k t o t h e s u b s t r a t e and adhesion o f t h e PVDC o v e r p r i n t t o
t h e i n k . The CAP p r o v i d e s f a s t d r y i n g , heat r e s i s t a n c e , and low
odour; t h e p l a s t i c i s e r . a p a r t from i m p r o v i n g f l e x i b i l i t y , i s
added t o reduce f i l m c u r l , which t a k e s p l a c e when t h e s o l v e n t
evaporates.
The tendency t o c u r l occurs when t h e i n k f i l m s h r i n k s d u r i n g
s o l v e n t e v a p o r a t i o n . Although adding p l a s t i c i s e r p r e v e n t s i t ,
t h e i n k f o r m u l a t o r must be c a r e f u l w i t h t h e amount o f p l a s t i c i s e r used. Too much p l a s t i c i s e r w i l l r e s u l t i n much-diminished
h e a t r e s i s t a n c e and w i l l a l s o reduce adhesion i n c e r t a i n cases.
Table 3
M o d i f y i n a Resins and P l a s t i c i s e r s f o r CAP-Based I n k s on
I n k s on PVDC-Coated F i l m s
Resi ns :
P a r a l o i d 072 a c r y l i c r e s i n
Plexigum N80 a c r y l i c r e s i n
Plexigum N742 a c r y l i c r e s i n
N e o c r y l 8814 a c r y l i c r e s i n
N e o c r y l 8722 a c r y l i c r e s i n

Plasticisers
DOP
DIOP
DBP
DMEP

The t o p i n k i n Table 2 c o n t a i n s CAP-504-0.2 i n a 4:l a l c o h o l :


e s t e r s o l v e n t system, w h i l e t h e base i n k uses CAP-482-0.5 i n a
1 : l a l c o h o l - e s t e r system. The reason f o r t h i s was t w o f o l d :
*CAP-504-0.2 can produce improved pigment d i s p e r s i o n s over
CAP-482-0.5,
so i t s use w i t h expensive c o l o u r e d pigments i s
sometimes an advantage.
*The l e s s a g g r e s s i v e s o l v e n t b l e n d o f t h e t o p i n k w i l l
r e s u l t i n l e s s r e d i s s o l v i n g o f t h e base i n k , which may l e a d
t o improved g l o s s .
However, i t i s p e r f e c t l y s a t i s f a c t o r y t o p r i n t w i t h e i t h e r
t h e same CAP grade i n b o t h top and base i n k s o r t o use them t h e
o p p o s i t e wau round t o t h a t shown i n t h e Table 2.
SOURCE: Eastman Chemical Co.:

Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

22

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

G l o s s Tag & L a b e l I n k - B l u e

Wt%
35.0
31.5
25.0
5.0

Dispersion A
J o n c r y l 89
J o n c r y l 77
Jonwax 22
A n t i foam: Bubble B r e a k e r 748
Water
pH: 8 . 4
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * , secs:
One Week V i s c o s i t y * :
B e f o r e a g i t a t i o n : 33
A f t e r a g i t a t i o n : 28

0.5
3.0
26

G l o s s Taq & Label I n k - Y e l l o w

Wt%
Dispersion B
J o n c r y l 89
J o n c r y l 77
Jonwax 22
A n t i f o a m : Bubble B r e a k e r 748
Water
pH: 8 . 4
I n i t i a1 V i s c o s i t y * , secs:
One Week V i s c o s i t y * :
B e f o r e a g i t a t i o n : 32
A f t e r a g i t a t i o n : 25

35.0
30.8
24.7
5.0

0.5
4.0
25

G l o s s Taq & L a b e l Ink-&

y&
Dispersion C
J o n c r y l 89
Jonwax 77
Jonwax 22
A n t i f o a m : B u b b l e B r e a k e r 748
pH: 8 . 6
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * , secs:
One Week V i s c o s i t y * :
B e f o r e a g i t a t i o n : 36
A f t e r a g i t a t i o n : 27
*#2 Zahn cup,

40.0
30.3
24.2
5.0

0.5
23

25C

SOURCE: SCJohnson Polymer: J o n c r y l 67 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

Printing Inks

Glossy B l a c k C o r r u g a t e d I n k
Raw M a t e r i a l s :
Place i n t o c l e a n b a l l m i l l :
Carboset G A - I 387
Huber 35
DM Water
Monoethanolamine
Foamburst 338
P r i n t e x 35
check g r i n d
B a l l m i l l f o r 12 h o u r s

W B

65.2
7.5
11.6
0.5
0.2
15.0

Formulation Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s by Weight, %: 38.0
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Volume, %: 2 8 . 0
pHi 8 . 9
Weight p e r g a l l o n , l b s . : 9 . 7
V i s c o s i t y , #3 Zahn, 25C, s e c . : 25
Pigment t o B i n d e r R a t i o : 1/1
F o r m u l a t i o n WI 152
O v e r p r i n t V a r n i s h f o r Wet L i t h o I n k

Wt%

Raw M a t e r i a l s :
Place i n t o c l e a n m i x i n g vessel:
Carboset XPD-1993

52.5

Add w h i l e m i x i n g :
Carboset XPD-1931
DOSS OT-75
Isopropanol
B e n z o f l e x 50
Propylene G l y c o l
Water

21 .E
2.2
1.7
1.7
2.6
17.5

F o r m u l a t i o n Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s by Weight, %: 36
pH: 8 . 7
P r i n t V i s c o s i t y , Zahn #3, seconds: 25
% Water Added: 20.0
R o l l o u t w i t h 1 8 0 - l i n e hand p r o o f e r o v e r double bump o f l i t h o
i n k a p p l i e d w i t h quick-peek p r o o f e r .
M e t a l 1 ized p a p e r : 72
SBS b o a r d : 5 4
F o r m u l a t i o n CL-231

SOURCE: BF G o o d r i c h S p e c i a l t y Polymers: Carboset F o r m u l a t i o n s

23

24

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

G o l d M e t a l l i c f o r Paper and Board


Components:
Eastek 2140 polymer d i s p e r s i o n ( 3 1 3 2 1 ) ( a )
J o n c r y l 1535 a c r y l i c emulsion ( b )
N735A n o n l e a f ing a1 umi num p a s t e ( c )
C . I . Y e l l o w 74 pigment d i s p e r s i o n
F l e x o n y l Rubine A-F6B ( C . I . Red 184) ( d )
Defoamer ( e )
Biocide ( f )

Wt%
54.2
15.0
20.0
9.0
1.5
0.2
0.1

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)

Eastman
S . C . Johnson
U . S . Aluminum
Hoechst-Celanese
Suggested defoamers i n c l u d e DC 65 A d d i t i v e (Dow C o r n i n g ) ;
S u r f y n o l DF-75 ( A i r P r o d u c t s ) ; Dee Fo 97-3 ( U l t r a A d d i t i v e s ) ; Defoamer RD-1386 (R&A A u x i l i a r i e s ) ; and Mazu
DF 327C (PPG).
( f ) Suggested b i o c i d e s i n c l u d e Tektamer 38LV ( C a l g o n ) ; and
P r o x e l GXL and P r o x e l BD (Zeneca)

F o r m u l a t i o n Notes:
1 . Components a r e l i s t e d i n o r d e r o f a d d i t i o n .
2. C a u t i o n : E x c e s s i v e o f f - g a s s i n g may r e s u l t i f t o t a l a l c o h o l
l e v e l exceeds about 7 w t %. See Eastman P u b l i c a t i o n SPI-5 f o r
a d d i t i o n a l i n f o r m a t i o n r e g a r d i n g t h e s a f e s t o r a g e and h a n d l i n g
o f metallic inks.
3 . T y p i c a l p r i n t i n g v i s c o s i t y i s 25-30 sec/#2 Zahn EZ s e r i e s cup.
I f necessary t o a d j u s t v i s c o s i t y , t h i s f o r m u l a t i o n can be c u t
w i t h water.
Application:
Substrates:

Gravure
Paper
SBS b o a r d
Beverage b o a r d

Features:
M e t a l l i c appearance
Adhesion t o s u b s t r a t e
F a s t r u n n i n g speeds

*
*
*

SOURCE:

Eastman Chemical Co.:

Eastek Standard No. 90708

Printing Inks

25

Gravure I n k f o r G i f t Wrap
Components:
Eastek 2140 polymer d i s p e r s i o n (31321) ( a )
Eastek 1300 polymer d i s p e r s i o n (31281) ( a )
n-Propyl a l c o h o l
Pigment d i s p e r s i ons ( b )
S u r f y n o l 104 PA s u r f a c t a n t ( e )
Defoamer ( d )
Biocide (e)

Wt%
39.2
15.3
4.0
40.0
0.5
0.1
0.1

( a ) Eastman
( b ) Combinations o f Eastek polymer m i l l b a s e s and/or o t h e r
suggested p i gment d i s p e r s i o n s t o achi eve d e s i r e d c o l o r
matches.
See Eastman P u b l i c a t i o n SPI-33.
(e) A i r Products
( d ) Suggested defoamers i n c l u d e DC 65 A d d i t i v e (Dow Corning);
S u r f y n o l DF-75 ( A i r P r o d u c t s ) ; Dee Fo 97-3 ( U l t r a A d d i t i v e s ) ; Defoamer RD-1386 (R&A A u x i l i a r i e s ) ; Mazu DF 327C
(PPG)

( e ) Suggested b i o c i d e s i n c l u d e Tektamer 38LV (Calgon);


P r o x e l GXL and P r o x e l 8D (Zeneca).
F o r m u l a t i o n Notes:
1. Components a r e l i s t e d i n o r d e r o f a d d i t i o n .
2. T y p i c a l p r i n t i n g v i s c o s i t y i s 20-25 sec/#2 S h e l l cup. If
necessary t o a d j u s t v i s c o s i t y ; t h i s f o r m u l a t i o n may be c u t
w i t h water o r w i t h a 80/20 b l e n d o f w a t e r / n - p r o p y l a l c o h o l .
Application:

Gravure

Substrates:
G i f t wrap
C i g a r e t t e 1abel s
Other c o a t e d papers
Features :
*Fast r u n n i n g speeds
*User-friendly
*NO pH a d j u s t m e n t s needed

SOURCE: Eastman Chemical Products: Eastek Standard No. 91477

26

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

Green P o l v e t h v l e n e I n k
W S

Raw M a t e r i a l s :
Place i n t o a c l e a n m i x i n g v e s s e l :
Carboset GA-1339

55.0

Premix and add w i t h a g i t a t i o n :


Water
Isopropyl Alcohol
Dowanol DB
BYK 321

10.3
5.0
4.0
0.5

W i t h moderate a g i t a t i o n add:
FC 129
CL 159 ( s e e below)
F1e x i v e r s e Green
M i x f o r 10 m i n u t e s a t slow speed.

0.2
5.0
20.0

Formulation Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s by Weight, %: 45.8
pH: 8 . 7
V i s c o s i t y , Zahn #2, 25C, seconds: 26
F o r m u l a t i o n W I 201
P o l y e t h y l e n e Wax D i s p e r s i o n
Raw M a t e r i a l s :
Place i n t o a c l e a n m i x i n g vessel :
Carboset GA-1166
Add s l o w l y w h i l e m i x i n g a t h i g h speed.
Water
Normal P r o p y l A l c o h o l
Foamburst 157
Shamrock Neptune N-1
C o n t i n u e m i x i n g 30 m i n u t e s .

Wt%
65.0
4.5
5.0
0.5
25.0

Formulation Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Weight, %: 46.0
F o r m u l a t i o n CL 159
SOURCE: BF G o o d r i c h S p e c i a l t y Chemicals: Carboaet F o r m u l a t i o n s

Printing Inks

27

H i qh Gloss Foi 1 Ink-B1 ue

Wt%
Dispersion A
J o n c r y l 2660
Jonwax 26
A n t i f o a m : Bubble Breaker 748
Water
pH: 8 . 7
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * , secs.:
One Week V i s c o s i t y * :
B e f o r e a g i t a t i o n : 28
A f t e r a g i t a t i o n : 25

35.0
53.0
5.0
0.5
6.5
25

H i g h Gloss Foil I n k - Y e l l o w

K%
Dispersion B
J o n c r y l 2660
Jonwax 26
A n t i f o a m : Bubble Breaker 748
Water
pH: 8 . 7
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * , secs.:
One Week V i s c o s i t y * :
B e f o r e a g i t a t i o n : 26
A f t e r a g i t a t i o n : 25

35.0

53.0
5.0
0.5

6.5
25

H i s h Gloss F o i l Ink-Red

K%
Dispersion C
J o n c r y l 2660
Jonwax 26
A n t i f o a m : Bubble Breaker 748
Water
pH: 8 . 8
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * , secs.:
One Week V i s c o s i t y * :
B e f o r e a g i t a t i o n : 34
A f t e r a g i t a t i o n : 27
*#2 Zahn cup,

40.0
52.0

5.0
0.5
2.5
25

25C

SOURCE: SCJohnson Polymer: J o n c r y l 67 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

28

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

H i g h G l o s s Wide Web Gravure I n k - B l u e

Wt%
Dispersion A
J o n c r y l 89
Jonwax 26
J o n c r y l 58
Antifoam: Bubble Breaker 748
Water
pH: 8 . 5
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * , secs.:
One Week V i s c o s i t y * :
B e f o r e a g i t a t i o n : 39
A f t e r a g i t a t i o n : 34

35.0
42.5
5.0

10.0
0.5
7.0
27

H i a h G l o s s Wide Web Gravure I n k - Y e l l o w

Wt%
Dispersion B
J o n c r y l 89
Jonwax 26
J o n c r y l 58
A n t i foam: Bubble Breaker 748
Water
pH: 8 . 5
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * , secs.:
One Week V i s c o s i t y * :
B e f o r e a g i t a t i o n : 38
A f t e r a g i t a t i o n : 32

35.0
42.5
5.0

10.0
0.5
7.0
27

H i a h G l o s s Wide Web Gravure Ink-Red

Wt%
Dispersion C
J o n c r y l 89
Jonwax 26
J o n c r y l 58
Antifoam: Bubble Breaker 748
Water
pH: 8 . 6
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * , secs.:
One Week V i s c o s i t y * :
B e f o r e a g i t a t i o n : 53
A f t e r a g i t a t i o n : 40
*#2 Zahn cup,

40.0
42.0

5.0
10.0
0.5
2.5
27

25C

SOURCE: SCJohnson Polymer: J o n c r y l 67 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

Printing

Inks

H i g h Q u a l i t y Corrugated I n k - B l u e

Wt%
Dispersion A
J o n c r y l 74
J o n c r y l 87
Jonwax 26
A n t i foam: Bubble Breaker 748
Water
pH: 8 . 4
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * , secs.:
One Week V i s c o s i t y * :
B e f o r e a g i t a t i o n : 28
A f t e r a g i t a t i o n : 27

37.0
11 . o
42.0
5.0
0.5
4.5
25

H i a h Q u a l i t y Corruaated I n k - Y e l l o w

Wt%
37.0
11 .o
42.0
5.0
0.5
4.5

Dispersion B
J o n c r y l 74
J o n c r y l 87
Jonwax 26
A n t i f o a m : Bubble Breaker 748
Water
pH: 8 . 4
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * , secs.:
One Week V i s c o s i t y * :
B e f o r e a g i t a t i o n : 36
A f t e r a g i t a t i o n : 32

26

H i a h Q u a l i t y Corruaated Ink-Red

Wt%
Dispersion C
J o n c r y l 74
J o n c r y l 87
Jonwax 26
A n t i f o a m : Bubble Breaker 748
Water

43.0
11 . o
39.0
5.0
0.5
1.5

pH: 8 . 6
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * , secs: 25
One Week V i s c o s i t y * :
B e f o r e a g i t a t i o n : 35
A f t e r a g i t a t i o n : 31
*#2 Zahn cup,

25C

SOURCE: SCJohnson Polymer: J o n c r y l 67 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

29

30

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulatwm

High Solids,

Low Tack S h e e t f e d O f f s e t I n k

Wt%
Day-Glo I n v i s i b l e B l u e MT-6172-IB
AVO-797 #7 I s o p h t h a l i c A l k y d
CC-5071 100% S o l i d s PTFE/PE S h e e t f e d Compound
Day-Glo V e l e x Tack Reducer TR-052
6% Cerium O c t o a t e D r i e r

48.0
34.0
8.0
8.0
2.0

Tack=12.6 @ 1200 RPM/SOF


10 M i n . Tack R i s e = 3 . 0 @ 1200 RPM/SOF
Web O f f s e t H e a t s e t I n k

Wt%
Day-Glo I n v i s i b l e B l u e MT-6172-IB
48.0
Ecogel H Heavy Gel, Low Energy H e a t s e t Web-Offset V e h i c l e 36.0
CC-6273D Deodorized H i g h S o l i d s PTFE/Wax
8.0
Magiesol 47 O i 1
6.0
Kodaf 1ex TXIB
2.0
Tack=10.8 @ 1200 RPM/SOF
10 M i n . Tack R i s e = l l .O @ 1200 RPM/SOF
Fluorescent B l u e Sheetfed O f f s e t Ink

Wt%
Day-Glo I n v i s i b l e B l u e MT-6172-18
70-MM-2230 Green Shade P h t h a l o B l u e F l u s h
TTDIA P o l y m e r i z e d Tung O i l
CC-5071 100% S o l i d s PTFE/PE S h e e t f e d Compound
6% Cerium O c t o a t e D r i e r
6% Manganese L i n - A l l P I D r i e r
6% C o b a l t L i n - A l l P I D r i e r

56.0
24.0
11.0
8.0

0.4
0.4
0.2

Tack=13.0 @ 1200 RPM/SOF


10 M i n . Tack R i s e = 4 . 2 @ 1200 RPM/SOF
When f o r m u l a t i n g i n v i s i b l e b l u e i n k s , raw m a t e r i a l s such
v a r n i s h e s and wax compounds s h o u l d be s e l e c t e d f o r t h e l i g h
p o s s i b l e c o l o r and f o r n o n - y e l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s so t h e
f i l m w i l l n o t y e l l o w o r d a r k e n . Cerium d r i e r i s recommended
t h e l e a s t amount o f c o l o r change.

SOURCE:

Day-Glo C o l o r Corp.:

Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

as
est
ink
for

Printing Inks

31

I n k Compati b i 1 it y C h a r t
Ink-Phthalo Blue
P h t h a l o B l u e D i s p e r s i o n : F l e x i v e r s e BFD 1121
J o n c r y l 2660
Jonwax 26
Water

40.0
45.0
10.0
5.0

S t a b i 1it y Data:
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 45
24 Hour V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 45
One Week V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 50
pH: 8 . 3
I n k - P h t h a l o B~.
l u.e
Phthalo Blue Dispersion:
J o n c r y l 2660
Jonwax 26
Isopropyl Alcohol

F l e x i v e r s e BFD 1121

we5

40.0
45.0
10.0
5.0

S t a b i 1 it y Data:
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y , cps: 55
24 Hour V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 90
One Week V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 105
pH: 8 . 3
Ink-Phthalo Blue
P h t h a l o B l u e D i s p e r s i o n : F l e x i v e r s e BFD 1121
J o n c r y l 2660
Jonwax 26
Normal P r o p y l A l c o h o l

wt%

40.0
45.0
10.0
5.0

S t a b i 1it y D a t a :
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 65
24 Hour V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 120
One Week V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 130
PH: 8 . 3
SOURCE: SCJohnson Polymers: J o n c r y l 2660 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

32

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

Ink C o m p a t i b i l i t y Chart (Continued]


Ink-Carbon B l a c k
M a t e r i a1 s:
Carbon B l a c k D i s p e r s i o n : C D I B l a c k BS14950
J o n c r y l 2660
Jonwax 26
Water

Wt%
40.0
45.0
10.0
5.0

S t a b i 1 it y D a t a :
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 150
24 Hour V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 160
One Week V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 155
pH: 8 . 3
Ink-Carbon B l a c k
M a t e r i a1 s :
Carbon B l a c k D i s p e r s i o n : C D I B l a c k BS14950
J o n c r y l 2660
Jonwax 26
Isopropyl Alcohol

_W_t %
40.0
45.0
10.0

5.0

S t a b i 1 it y Data:
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 190
24 Hour V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 225
One Week V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 260
pH: 8 . 3
Ink-Carbon

Black

Mater ia1 s :
Carbon B l a c k D i s p e r s i o n : C D I B l a c k BS14950
J o n c r y l 2660
Jonwax 26
Normal P r o p y l A l c o h o l

Wt%
40.0
45.0
10.0

5.0

S t a b i 1it y D a t a :
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 190
24 Hour V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 290
One Week V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 450
pH: 0 . 3
SOURCE: SCJohnson Polymers: J o n c r y l 2660 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

Printing Inks

33

I n k C o m p a t i b i l i t y C h a r t (Continued)
I n k - L i t h o 1 Rubine
M a t e r i a1 s :
L i t h o 1 Rubine D i s p e r s i o n : Drew L i q u i f l e x RD5200
J o n c r y l 2660
Jonwax 26
Water

Wt%
40.0
45.0
10.0
5.0

S t a b i 1 it y Data:
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 45
24 Hour V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 45
One Week V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 55
PH: 8 . 3
I n k - C i t h o l Rubi ne
Materials:
L i t h o l Rubi ne D i s p e r s i on : Drew L i q u i f 1ex RD5200
J o n c r y l 2660
Jonwax 26
Isopropyl Alcohol

Wt%
40.0
45.0
10.0
5.0

S t a b i 1it y Data:
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 100
24 Hour V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 270
One Week V i s c o s i t y , cps: 450
pH: 8 . 3
.I n k - L i

t.
h_
o l Rubi ne

M a t e r i a1 s :
L i t h o l Rubi ne D i s p e r s i on : Drew L i q u i f 1ex RD5200
J o n c r y l 2660
Jonwax 26
Normal P r o p y l A l c o h o l

yy&!
40.0
45.0
10.0
5.0

S t a b i 1 it y Data:
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 140
2 4 Hour V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 360
One Week V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 690
pH: 8 . 3

SOURCE:

SCJohnson Polymer: J o n c r y l 2660 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

34

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

I n k Formul a t i on-B1 a c k
Pigment D i s p e r s i on :
J o n c r y l 60
Pigment: Carbon B l a c k E l f t e x 5
Water
Letdown :
Water
Anti-Foam:

Bubble B r e a k e r 748

SCX-660

Wt%
8.56
12.00
19.44
19.75
0.25
40.00

Performance D a t a o f I n k s :
p H : 8.3

I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y , seconds, Zahn cup #2: 24


One Week V i s c o s i t y , sec. Zahn cup #2: 24
H o t Mar R e s i s t a n c e , F : 425-450
60 G l o s s : 22-36
S u t h e r l a n d D r y Rub R e s i s t a n c e , C y c l e s : 100
Performance D a t a o f OPV A p p l i e d on Above I n k s :
S t a t i c S l i d e A n g l e : 20-33
H o t Mar R e s i s t a n c e , F: 450-500
60 G l o s s : 35-46
S u t h e r l a n d D r y Rub R e s i s t a n c e , C y c l e s : 200
In

k Formul a t i o n - Y e 1 low

P i gment D i s p e r s i on:
wts/,
J o n c r y l 60
11.68
P i gment : O i a r y l ide Ye1 1ow, S u n b r i t e Ye1 l o w 12, #273-3556 14.00
Water
14.32
Letdown :
Water
Anti-foam:

B u b b l e B r e a k e r 748

SCX-660

19.75
0.25
40.00

Performance D a t a o f I n k s :
p H : 8.3

I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y , seconds, Zahn cup #2: 23


One Week V i s c o s i t y , s e c . Zahn cup #2: 24
H o t Mar R e s i s t a n c e , F : 450-475
60 G l o s s : 14-22
S u t h e r l a n d D r y Rub R e s i s t a n c e , C y c l e s : 1 0 0
Performance D a t a o f OPV A p p l i e d on Above I n k s :
S t a t i c S l i d e A n g l e : 16-30
H o t Mar R e s i s t a n c e , F : 450-500
60 G l o s s : 35-42
S u t h e r l a n d D r y Rub R e s i s t a n c e , C y c l e s : 200

SOURCE: SCJohnson Polymer: SCX-660 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

Printing Inks

I n k F o r m u l a t i on-I31 u e

Wt%

Pigment D i s p e r s i on:
J o n c r y l 60
Pigment: S u n f a s t B l u e 1 5 : 3 (Green shade) #249-1282
Water

11.68
14.00
14.32

Letdown :
Water
Anti-foam:
SCX-660

19.75
0.25
40.00

B u b b l e B r e a k e r 748

Performance D a t a o f I n k s :
pH: 8 . 3
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y , seconds, Zahn cup #2: 21
One Week V i s c o s i t y , s e c . Zahn cup #2: 23
Hot Mar R e s i s t a n c e , F : 400-450
60 G l o s s : 20-30
S u t h e r l a n d D r y Rub R e s i s t a n c e , C y c l e s : 100
Performance D a t a o f OPV A p p l i e d on Above I n k s :
S t a t i c S l i d e A n g l e : 20-32
H o t Mar R e s i s t a n c e , F: 450-500
60 G l o s s : 35-42
S u t h e r l a n d D r y Rub R e s i s t a n c e , C y c l e s : 200

Ink Formulation-Red
Pigment D i s p e r s i o n :
J o n c r y l 60
Pigment: C a l c i u m Red 28,
Water
Letdown :
Water
Anti-foam:
SCX-660

Wt%
S u n b r i t e Red 48:2,

#234-0077

8.56
12.00
19.44
19.75
0.25
40.00

B u b b l e B r e a k e r 748

Performance D a t a o f I n k s :
pH: 8 . 3
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y , seconds, Zahn cup #2: 20
One Week V i s c o s i t y , s e c . Zahn Cup #2: 30
H o t Mar R e s i s t a n c e , F: 450-475
60 G l o s s : 21-33
S u t h e r l a n d D r y Rub R e s i s t a n c e , C y c l e s : 100
Performance D a t a o f OPV A p p l i e d on Above I n k s :
S t a t i c S l i d e A n g l e : 22-30
H o t M a r R e s i s t a n c e , F: 450-500
60 G l o s s : 35-43
S u t h e r l a n d D r y Rub R e s i s t a n c e , C y c l e s : 200

SOURCE:

SCJohnson Polymer: SCX-660

Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

35

36

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

Low Cost C o r r u s a t e d I n k - B l u e

Wt%
Dispersion A
J o n c r y l 647
Jonwax 22
A n t i f o a m : Bubble Breaker 748
Water
pH: 8 . 3
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * , secs.:
One Week V i s c o s i t y * :
B e f o r e a g i t a t i o n : 27
A f t e r a g i t a t i o n : 23

35.0
20.6
5.0
0.2
39.2
23

Low Cost C o r r u a a t e d I n k - Y e l l o w

Wt%
Dispersion B
J o n c r y l 647
Jonwax 22
A n t i f o a m : Bubble Breaker 748
Water
pH: 8 . 3
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * , secs.:
One Week V i s c o s i t y * :
B e f o r e a g i t a t i o n : 20
A f t e r a g i t a t i o n : 19

35.0
20.5
5.0
0.2
39.3
23

Low Cost C o r r u q a t e d Ink-Red

Wt%
40.0
20.5
5.0
0.2
34.3

Dispersion C
J o n c r y l 647
Jonwax 22
A n t i f o a m : Bubble Breaker 748
Water
pH: 8 . 3
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * , secs.:
One Week V i s c o s i t y * :
B e f o r e a g i t a t i o n : 30
A f t e r a g i t a t i o n : 24
*#2

Zahn cup,

23

25C

SOURCE: SCJohnson Polymer: J o n c r y l 67 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

Printing Inks

Low Energy Web-Offset

Heatset Ink

A suggested s t a r t i n g f o r m u l a t i o n f o r a low energy w e b - o f f s e t


h e a t s e t i n k u s i n g S t a r f i r e Base c o l o r i s as f o l l o w s :

Wt%
Day-Glo S t a r f i r e Base C o l o r
Low Energy H e a t s e t V a r n i s h
S394-N1 P o l y e t h y l e n e Wax
SST-3 PTFE Powder
Magiesol 47 I n k O i l

70.0
23.0
2.0
1 .o
4.0

Tack=lO.O @ 1200 RPM, 9OF


Sheetfed I n k

wt%
Day-Glo S t a r f i r e F r e s h C o l o r Base
Matte Vehicle
S394-N1 P o l y e t h y l e n e Wax
Magiesol 52 I n k O i l
6% Cerium O c t o a t e D r i e r
Dri-RX Drier
Tack=14-16 @ 1200 RPM,

80.0
14.0

2.0
2.4
1.o
0.6

9OF
Web O f f s e t I n k

Day-Glo S t a r f i r e F r e s h C o l o r Base
Low Energy H e a t s e t V a r n i s h
S394-N1 P o l y e t h y l e n e Wax
SST-3 PTFE Powder
Magiesol 47 I n k O i l

Q
70.0
23.0
2.0
1 .o
4.0

Tack=14-16 @ 1200 RPM, 9OF


Web O f f s e t H e a t s e t I n k

Wt%
Day-Glo S p e c i a l Thermoset Base
Ecogel H, Heavy Gel, Low Energy H e a t s e t Web O f f s e t
Vehi c l e
CC-6273D, Deodorized H i g h S o l i d s PTFE/Wax H e a t s e t
Compound
Magiesol 52 O i l
Magiesol 47 O i l
Tack=10.8 @ 1200 RPM, 9 O F
10 M i n . Tack R i s e = 10.0 @ 1200 RPM, 9OF

SOURCE: Day-Glo C o l o r Corp.: Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

70.0
14.0
6.0
8.0
2.0

37

38

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

N e u t r a l i z a t i o n Formulas
J o n c r y l 142 i s s u p p l i e d i n t h e a c i d i c form and must be n e u t r a l i z e d and d i l u t e d b e f o r e subsequent use i n i n k f o r m u l a t i o n s .
F o l l o w i n g a r e t y p i c a l f o r m u l a s f o r n e u t r a l iz i n g J o n c r y l
142:
J o n c r y l 91
%
&
32.9
3.6
63.5

Water
Ammonium Hydroxide, 28%
J o n c r y l 142
pH: 7.7
V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 6,500
% Polymer S o l i d s : 25.0%

Joncryl 85

Wt%
Water
Ammonium Hydroxide, 28%
I s o p r o p y l Alcohol (IPA)
J o n c r y l 142
pH: 6 . 9
V i s c o s i t y , cps : 30,000
% Polymer S o l i d s : 30.0%

18.0
1.8

5.0
75.2

Wt%
Water
Sodi um Hydroxi de, 25%
J o n c r y l 142
pH: 8 . 5
V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 2,200
% Polymer S o l i d s : 27.0%

28.4
8.8
62.8

Water
Monoethanolamine (MEA)
J o n c r y l 142
pH: 8 . 6
V i s c o s i t y , cps: 2,500
% Polymer S o l i d s : 25.4%

34.5
3.0
62.5

Wt%

SOURCE: SCJohnson Polymer: J o n c r y l 142 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

Printing Inks

39

News F l e x o V e h i c l e "H"
Physical Properties:
Aspect: T r a n s p a r e n t S o l u t i o n
pH: 7 . 6 - 8 . 1
N o n - V o l a t i l e : 28-30%
V i s c o s i t y : 200-400 cps
A c i d Value: 175
M u l t i - C o l o r News F l e x o V e h i c l e
S t a r t i n g P o i n t Formulations
Red Rubine

Wt%
Vehicle H
Pigment (Presscake,
Water
Defoamer

28
51
20
1

40%)

Yellow D i a r y l i d e

Wt%
Vehicle H
Pigment (Presscake,
Water
Defoamer

34
47
18
1

40%)

Blue Phthalo Blue

Wt%
Vehicle H
Pigment (Presscake,
Water
Defoamer

34
47
18

40%)

Note: The i n k s s h o u l d be r u n a t 15-18 seconds,

1
cup S h e l l #2

News F l e x o V e h i c l e "F"
News F l e x o V e h i c l e f o r Water-Based B l a c k Inks
S t a r t i n g P o i n t Formulation

Wt%
18

Vehicle F
Vulkan K
Water
Defoamer

SOURCE: SCJohnson Po ymer: News F l e x o Vehic e "H"/News


V e h i c l e "F" : Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

22
59
1
Flexo

40

Printing

Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

Phthalo G/S Corruqated I n k


Raw M a t e r ia1 s :
S l o w l y Premix t h e f o l l o w i n g :
S u n f a s t B l u e , 449-5050
Carboset GA-1387
Huber 35
DM Water
Monoethanolamine
Foamburst 338
P l a c e i n t o a c l e a n b a l l m i l l f o r 12 h o u r s

&
y

24.0
65.2
7.5
2.6
0.5
0.2
check g r i n d

Formulation Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Weight, %: 35.0
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Volume, %: 26.0
pH: 9 . 0
Weight p e r g a l l o n , l b s . : 9 . 4
V i s c o s i t y , #3 Zahn, 25C, s e c . : 15
Pigment t o B i n d e r R a t i o : 1/1.25
F o r m u l a t i o n W I 147
Barium L i t h o 1 Corrugated I n k
Raw M a t e r i a l s :
S l o w l y Premix t h e f o l l o w i n g :
R49-HP-1210
Carboset GA-1387
Huber 35
DM Water
Monoethanol ami ne
Foamburst 338
P l a c e i n t o a c l e a n b a l l m i l l f o r 12 h o u r s

%
&

24.0
65.2
7.5
2.6
0.5
0.2
check g r i n d

Formulation Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Weight, %: 38.0
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Volume, %: 3 1 . 0
pHi 8.3
Weight p e r g a l l o n , l b s . : 9 . 2
V i s c o s i t y , #3 Zahn, 25C, s e c . : 30
Pigment t o B i n d e r R a t i o : 1 / 1 . 2 5
F o r m u l a t i o n W I 148
SOURCE: BF G o o d r i c h S p e c i a l t y Chemicals:

Carboset F o r m u l a t i o n s

Printing

Inks

41

P r e / P o s t - M e t a l l i z a t i o n P r i m e r f o r PaDer

Wt%
CornDonants:
Eastek 1200 polymer d i s p e r s i o n (31126) ( a )
71.8
Eastek 1300 polymer d i s p e r s i o n (31281) ( a )
8.0
n-Propyl a l c o h o l
2.0
Dei o n i zed water
17.8
0.3
S u r f y n o l 104 PA s u r f a c t a n t ( b )
Biocide (c)
0.1
( a ) Eastman
(b) A i r Products
( c ) Suggested b i o c i d e s i n c l u d e s Tektamer 38LV (Calgon); P r o x e l
GXL and P r o x e l BD (Zeneca).
F o r m u l a t i o n Notea:
1. Components a r e l i s t e d i n o r d e r o f a d d i t i o n .
2. T y p i c a l p r i n t i n g v i s c o s i t y i s 17-20 sec/#2 Zahn E2 s e r i e s CUD.
I f necessary t o a d j u s t v i s c o s i t y o f t h i s formu a t i o n , i t can'
be c u t w i t h an 80/20 b l e n d o f w a t e r / n - p r o p y l a coho1 .
A p p l i c a t i o n : Gravure
S u b s t r a t e : Coated paper
Features :
* R e s i s t s ami ne-contai n i ng l a b e l adhesives
*Promotes g l o s s y m e t a l l i z e d s u r f a c e s
* E x c e l l e n t adhesion t o vacuum-metallized l a y e r
*Provides a r e c e p t i v e surface f o r p o s t - m e t a l l i a t i o n p r i n t i n g
SOURCE: Eastman Chemical Co.: Eastek Standard No. 01482
B l u e Ink

Wt%
Materials:
47.0
GA-2136
Add under moderate a g i t a t i o n
43.0
F l e x i v e r s e B l u e BFD-1121
5.0
Michem 39235
5.0
Water
F o r m u l a t i o n Constants:
V i s c o s i t y , #2 Zahn, i n i t i a l , seconds: 33
pH: 8 . 8
Water added t o g e t p r i n t v i s c o s i t y : 4%
P r i n t v i s c o s i t y , #2 Zahn, seconds: 25
Def oami na :
t h e low VOC n a t u r e o f Carboset GA-2136 foaming i s
Due
o c c a s i o n a l l y o b j e c t i o n a b l e . E f f e c t i v e defoamers a r e :
Foamblast 370 (Ross Chemical)
Foamblast 327 (Ross Chemical)
DeeFo PI-35 ( U l t r a A d d i t i v e s )
Byk 023* (Byk Chemie)
*Contains s i 1icone

to

SOURCE: 0F Goodrich: F o r m u l a t i o n WI-258

42

Printing Ink and Overprinf Varnish Formulations

Red f o r P o l y e t h y l e n e

Wt%

Raw M a t e r i a l :
Place i n t o a c l e a n m i x i n g vessel :
F l e x i v e r s e , Red RFD-1133

22.0

W i t h moderate a g i t a t i o n , s l o w l y add:
Carboset GA-1086
60.0
DM Water
5.8
n- But a n o l
2.0
n-Propanol
10.0
FC-120
0.2
Mix w i t h moderate a g i t a t i o n f o r 30 m i n u t e s o r u n t i l t h o r o u g h l y
m i xed.
Formulation Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s by Weight, %: 40.1
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Volume, %: 37.9
pH: 8 . 5
V i s c o s i t y , B r o o k f i e l d , 25C, cps:
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b s : 8 . 6
F o r m u l a t i o n W I 1446

115

H i a h G l o s s Water I n k f o r Paper and Paper Board

Wt%

Raw M a t e r i a l s :
Place i n t o a c l e a n mixer:
L i q u a F l e x P r e d i spersed Pigment

30.0

Mix and add s l o w l y w h i l e m i x i n g :


Carboset GA-1087

50.0

Premix and add s l o w l y w h i l e m i x i n g :


Water
B u t y l C e l l os01 ve
BYK 301

7.9
4.0
0.1

Mix a t l o w speed f o r 15 m i n u t e s . Continue m i x i n g and add s l o w l y :


Michem Lube 46025
8.0
Mix a t medium speed f o r 1 5 m i n u t e s .
A d j u s t v i s c o s i t y w i t h w a t e r . I f a l c o h o l i s needed, add s l o w l y
under a g i t a t i o n .
F o r m u l a t i o n W I 105

SOURCE:

BF Goodrich S p e c i a l t y Chemicals: Carboset F o r m u l a t i o n s

Printing Inks

Screen P r i n t i n g I n k
V e h i c l e f o r General Purpose F l u o r e s c e n t Screen I n k
%
&

Aromat c S o l v e n t SC-100 o r
Super H i g h F l a s h Naphtha
EHEC H gh
Bentone G e l :
Bentone 38
7%
sc- 100
90%
95% Methanol
3%
Made on h i g h speed d i s s o l v e r

........................................................

A h a r d r e s i n such as Amberol M-82 o r P e n t a l y n G

360 M i n e r a l S p i r i t s
A b i t o l 9OX (Can be r e p l a c e d i n p a r t by Castung 403-UV)

30.0
6.0

4.0
16.0
34.0
10.0

D i s s o l v e r e s i n s i n t h e a r o m a t i c s o l v e n t u s i n g a d i s s o l v e r such
as a Cowles and b l e n d i n o t h e r i n g r e d i e n t s i n o r d e r l i s t e d .
S t r a i n t h r o u g h n y l o n f i l t e r bags.
Above v e h i c l e
Day-G1 o A - P i gment
A r o m a t i c S o l v e n t SC-100

60.0
35.0
5.0

Blend pigment i n t o v e h i c l e u s i n g h i g h speed d i s s o l v e r such as


a Cowles and add s o l v e n t . S t r a i n c o l o r t h r o u g h n y l o n f i l t e r
bags. F i n a l v i s c o s i t y s h o u l d be about 10,000 cps. D i l u t i o n t o
s c r e e n i n g v i s c o s i t y and wash can be done w i t h m i n e r a l s p i r i t s .
A Type Gravure I n k

( H i g h Speed M i x )

Wt%
A c r y l o i d NAD-10
Day-Glo A- o r AX-Pigment
To1uene
T h i n w i t h Heptane

30.0
50.0
5.0
15.0

C Type Gravure I n k

Wt%
Day-Glo GT- o t T-Pigment
RS N i t r o c e l l u l o s e 30-35 Sec.
Hercolyn D
S-395-N5 Wax
Isopropyl Acetate
To1 uene

SOURCE: Day-Glo C o l o r Corp.:

(70% i n T o l u o l )

Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

40.0
11 . o
5.0
2.0
21 . o
21 . o

43

44

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

Semi-Permanent

Marker Ink

Wt%
Day-Glo EPX D i s p e r s i o n
( a d j u s t pH t o 7.5 t o 8.0 b e f o r e a d d i n g o t h e r i n g r e d i e n t s )
Propylene Glycol
Water
A c r y l i c 6 i nder

50
20
20
10

Textile Ink

Wt%
Water
Day-Glo EPX D i s p e r s i o n
( a d j u s t pH t o 7 . 5 t o 8 . 0 b e f o r e adding o t h e r i n g r e d i e n t s )
Rhoplex E-32 ( A c r y l i c B i n d e r )
H i F a s t 06-59282 ( C a r r i e r )

68
12
12
8

Gravure Ink-A Type

K
%
30.0
50.0
5.0
15.0

A c r y l o i d NAD-10
Day-G1 o AX-Pi gment
To1 uene
T h i n w i t h Heptane
Gravure Ink-C Type

Wt%
Day-Glo GT- o r T-Pigment
RS N i t r o c e l l u l o s e 30-35 Sec.
Hercolyn D
S-395-N5 Wax
Isopropyl Acetate
To1 uene

(70% i n T o l u o l )

40.0
11 .o
5.0
2.0
21 .o
21 . o

Gravure I n k - T Type

Wt%
40.0
11 . o
42.0
5.0
2.0

Day-Glo T- o r GT-Pigment
P a r l o n S-20
To1 uene
P a r a p l e x G-60
S-395-N5 Wax

SOURCE: Day-Glo C o l o r Corp.:

Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

Printing Inks

45

Sheetfed O f f s e t
1. For maximum f u l l f l u o r e s c e n t e f f e c t s when p r i n t i n g p r i m a r y
s o l i d colors:

yf&
S t a r f i r e Base C o l o r
Day-Glo M a t t e F l s . V e h i c l e ,
S394-N1 P o l y e t h y l e n e Wax
Magiesol 52 I n k O i l
6% Cerium O c t o a t e D r i e r
12% Manganese D r i e r
6% Manganese D r i e r

V e l e x MFV-2080

80.0
14.0
2.0
1. o
1. o
1. o
1. o

Tack=14-16 @ 1200 RPM, 9 O F


2. For l o n g p r i n t i n g r u n s on a wide v a r i e t y o f c o a t e d and
uncoated paper s t o c k , where maximum p r e s s s t a b i l i t y , w a t e r
r e s i s t a n c e and sharp h a l f t o n e s a r e o f p r i m a r y concern:

Wt%
S t a r f i r e Base C o l o r
Day-Glo Gloss Q u i c k s e t V e h i c l e ,
S394-N1 P o l y e t h y l e n e Wax
Magiesol 52 I n k O i l
6% Cerium D r i e r
12% Manganese D r i e r
6% Manganese D r i e r
Tack=14-16 @ 1200 RPM,

Velex GQV-2030

70.0
20.0
2.0
5.0
1. o
1 .o

1.o

9OF

3. An economical rhodamine replacement f o r s t r o n g ,


c o l o r s and process p r i n t i n g :

clean spot

Wt%
S t a r f i r e SFB-22 S t r o n g Magenta
L i t h o 1 Rubi ne F1ush, 45-MM-2247
Day-Glo Gloss Q u i c k s e t V e h i c l e , Vel ex GQV-2030
S394-N1 P o l y e t h y l e n e Wax
Magiesol 52 o r Magi e s o l 60 O i 1
6% Cerium D r i e r
12% Manganese D r i e r
6% Manganese D r i e r

30.0
30.0
29.0
2.0
5.0
1.o
1. o
1.o

Tack=16-17 @ 1200 RPM, 9OF


For even s t r o n g e r magenta bases, ask f o r samples o f Day-Glo
s p e c i a l bases, M-6165-22 ( B l u e Shade) o r M-6210-22 ( Y e l l o w Shade)

SOURCE: Day-Glo C o l o r Corp.:

Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

46

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

S i l v e r M e t a l l i c f o r ParJer and Board ( F l e x 0 1


ComDonents:
Eastek 2140 polymer d i s p e r s i o n (31194) ( a )
J o n c r y l 1535 a c r y l i c emulsion ( b )
N735A n o n l e a f ing a1 umi num p a s t e ( c )
STAPA h y d r o x y l W-F 89 N.L. aluminum p a s t e ( d )
Defoamer ( e )
Biocide ( f )

Wt%
54.7
15.0
16.7
13.3
0.2
0.1

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)

Eastman
S.C. Johnson
U.S. Aluminum
Obrion A t l a n t i c
Suggested defoamers i n c l u d e DC 65 A d d i t i v e (Dow Corning):
S u r f y n o l DF-75 ( A i r Products); DeeFo 97-3 ( U l t r a A d d i t i v e s ) : Defoamer RD-1386 (R&A A u x i l i a r i e s ) ; Mazu DF 327C
(PPG)
( f ) Suggested b i o c i d e s i n c l u d e Tektamer 38LV (Calgon); P r o x e l
GXL and P r o x e l BD (Zeneca)

F o r m u l a t i o n Notes:
1. Components a r e l i s t e d i n o r d e r o f a d d i t i o n .
2 . C a u t i o n : Excessive o f f - g a s s i n g may r e s u l t i f t o t a l a l c o h o l
l e v e l exceeds about 7 w t % . See Eastman P u b l i c a t i o n SPI-5
f o r a d d i t i o n a l i n f o r m a t i o n r e g a r d i n g s a f e s t o r a g e and h a n d l i n g
o f m e t a l l i c inks.
3. T y p i c a l f l e x o p r i n t i n g v i s c o s i t y i s about 20 sec/#3 Zahn EZ
s e r i e s cup.
Application:

Flexography

Subst r a t e s :
Paper
Beverage b o a r d
Features:
* M e t a l l i c appearance
*Adhesion t o s u b s t r a t e and o v e r t r a p p e d i n k s
*Fast r u n n i n g speeds

SOURCE: Eastman Chemical Co.:

Eastek Standard No. 90790

Printing Inks

47

S i l v e r M e t a l l i c f o r Paper and Board (Gravure1


Comoonents:
Eastek 1100 polymer d i s p e r s i o n (31064)
J o n c r y l 1535 a c r y l i c emulsion ( b )
N735A n o n l e a f i n g aluminum p a s t e ( c )
Defoamer ( d )
Biocide (e)

Wt%
(a)

67.7
15.0
17.0
0.2
0.1

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

Eastman
S.C. Johnson
U.S. Aluminum
Suggested defoamers i n c l u d e DC 65 A d d i t i v e (Dow Corning);
S u r f y n o l DF-75 ( A i r Products); Dee Fo 97-3 ( U l t r a A d d i t i v e s ) ; Defoamer RD-1366 (R8A A u x i l i a r i e s ) ; and Mafu DF
327C (PPG).
( e ) Suggested b i o c i d e s i n c l u d e Tektamer 38LV (Calgon); and
P r o x e l GXL and P r o x e l BD (Zeneca).

F o r m u l a t i o n Notes:
1. Components a r e l i s t e d i n o r d e r o f a d d i t i o n .
2. C a u t i o n : Excessive o f f - g a s s i n g may r e s u l t i f t o t a l a l c o h o l
l e v e l exceeds about 7 w t % . See Eastman P u b l i c a t i o n SPI-5
f o r a d d i t i o n a l i n f o r m a t i o n r e g a r d i n g t h e s a f e s t o r a g e and
handling o f m e t a l l i c inks.
3. T y p i c a l p r i n t i n g v i s c o s i t y i s 25-30 sec./#2 Zahn EZ s e r i e s
cup. I f necessary t o a d j u s t v i s c o s i t y , t h e f o r m u l a t i o n can
be c u t w i t h w a t e r .
A p p l i c a t i o n : Gravure
Substrates :
Paper
SBS b o a r d
Beverage board
Features :
* M e t a l l i c appearance
*Adhesion t o s u b s t r a t e and over t r a p p e d i n k s
*Fast r u n n i n g speeds

SOURCE: Eastman Chemical Co.:

Eastek Standard No. 90465

48

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

S t a b i l i z e d CAP I n k w i t h P o l y e t h y l e n e I m i n e
Polyethylene Imine:
P o l y e t h y l e n e i m i n e a c t s as an e x t r e m e l y e f f i c i e n t adhesion
promoter f o r CAP-based i n k s , p r o b a b l y by f o r m i n g hydrogen bonds
between c a r b o x y l groups on t h e CAP and amine hydrogen atoms i n
t h e p o l y t h y l e n e i m i n e . An advantage o f t h i s adhesion promoter
o v e r t h e p r e v i o u s l y d e s c r i b e d t i t a n i u m d e r i v a t i v e s i s t h a t i t can
be used w i t h low- o r zero-acid-number a c r y l i c r e s i n s s i m i l a r t o
t h o s e blended w i t h CAP f o r p r i n t i n g PVDC-coated f i l m s .
A second advantage i s t h a t d u r i n g heat s e a l i n g t h e r e i s no
odour from breakdown o f t h e adhesion promoter, as can occur w i t h
t i t a n i u m a c e t y l a c e t o n a t e p r o d u c t s . A disadvantage o f p o l y e t h y l e n e
i m i n e i s t h a t u n s t a b i l i r e d CAP i n k s have a s h e l f l i f e o f o n l y
one t o weeks. However, s t a b i l i z a t i o n o f t h e i n k i s p o s s i b l e u s i n g
a c e t o a c e t y l - 0 - t o l u i d i n e (AAOT) i n t h e r a t i o o f 2 p a r t s AAOT t o
1 p a r t p o l y e t h y l e n e imine. Table 6 g i v e s a t y p i c a l f o r m u l a t i o n .

Table 6
White

K%

Inaredient:
Pigment
CAP 504-0.2
P a r a l o i d 872
S i 1b e r c i s e r C6
AAOT
Ethanol
Ethyl acetate
Polymin ( w a t e r - f r e e )

20.0
6.7
5.8
2.0
1. o
47.2
16.8
0.5
Colour

Wt%

Ingredient :
Pigment
CAP 504-0.2
P a r a l o i d 872
S i 1b e r c i s e r C6
AAOT
Ethanol
E t h y l acetate
Polymin ( w a t e r - f r e e )

10.0
9.0
6.8
2.0
2.0
54.6
14.6
1 .o

Notes :
*These i n k s a r e s u i t a b l e f o r r e v e r s e p r i n t i n g o f c o e x t r u d e d
p o l y p r o p y l e n e f o r subsequent adhesive l a m i n a t i o n .

SOURCE: Eastman Chemical Co.:

Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

Printing Inks

49

S t a r f i r e Base
S i g n a l Green Base c o l o r i s n o t o f f e r e d as p a r t o f t h e
S t a r f i r e Base c o l o r l i n e , s i n c e many v a r i a t i o n s i n c o l o r
s t r e n g t h may be d e s i r a b l e and a r e e a s i l y o b t a i n a b l e b y t h e i n k
f o r m u l a t o r . The S t a r f i r e S i g n a l Green Base c o l o r may be formu l a t e d as f o l l o w s :

Wt%
Day-Glo S a t u r n Y e l l o w SFB-17
B1ue Shade P h t h a l ocyani ne Green F1ushed Co o r ,
Sun Chemical #U64-2357 ( o r equi Val e n t )

86.7
13.3

Many v a r i a t i o n s o f a f l u o r e s c e n t b l u e a e a l s o o b t a i n a b l e .
Day-Glo recommended s t a r t i n g base c o l o r i s as f o l l o w s :

Wt%
Day-Glo I n v i s i b l e B l u e Base MT-6172-IB
Green Shade P h t h a l o c y a n i n e B l u e Flushed C o l o r ,
BASF #70-MM-2230 ( o r e q u i v a l e n t )

70.0
30.0

1. For maximum f u l l f l u o r e s c e n t e f f e c t s when p r i n t i n g p r i m a r y


s o l i d colors:

Wt%
Day-Glo S t a r f i r e Base C o l o r
Matte Vehicle
S394-N1 P o l y e t h y l e n e Wax
Magiesol 52 I n k O i l
6% Cerium O c t o a t e D r i e r
12% Manganese D r i e r
Tack=14-16 @ 1200 RPM, 90%

80.0
14.0
2.0
2.0
1. o
1 .o

2 . F o r l o n g p r i n t i n g r u n s on a wide v a r i e t y o f c o a t e d and
uncoated paper s t o c k , where maximum p r e s s s t a b i l i t y , water
r e s i s t a n c e and s h a r p h a l f t o n e s a r e o f p r i m a r y concern:

Wt%
Day-G1 o S t a r f ir e Base C o l o r
G1oss Qui c k s e t Vehi c l e
S394-N1 P o l y e t h y l e n e Wax
Magiesol 52 I n k O i l
6% Cerium D r i e r
12% Manganese D r i e r
Tack=l4-16 @ 1200 RPM, 9OF

3 . An economical rhodamine replacement f o r s t r o n g ,


s p o t c o l o r s and p r o c e s s p r i n t i n g :
Day-Glo S t a r f i r e SFB-22 S t r o n g Magenta
L i t h o 1 Rubi ne F1ush, 45-MM-2247
Gloss Q u i c k s e t V e h i c l e
S394-N1 P o l y e t h y l e n e Wax
Magiesol 52 o r Magiesol 60 O i l
6% Cerium D r i e r
12% Manganese D r i e r
Tack=16-17 @ 1200 RPM, 9OF
SOURCE: Day-Glo C o l o r Corp.: SugQested F o r m u l a t i o n s

70.0
20.0
2.0
6.4
1.o
1.o
clean

K
%
30.0

30.0
29.0
2.0
6.4
1.o
1.o

50

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Fonnulatwns

S t a r t i n e P o i n t Formulations
J o n c r y l 142 as a s o l e v e h i c l e system f o r carbon b l a c k i n k s
Once n e u t r a l i z e d , J o n c r y l 142, p e r f o r m s as a s o l e v e h i c l e
system f o r carbon b l a c k s . I t p r o v i d e s pigment d i s p e r s i o n and
t r a n s f e r p r o p e r t i e s f o r c o r r u g a t e d and paper i n k s .
P i qment D i s p e r s i o n

Wt%
15.0
19.2
25.5
0.3

Carbon B l a c k : E l f t e x 8
J o n c r y l 91
Water
A n t i f o a m : Dee Fo PI-35
Letdown

12.0
3.0
25.0

J o n c r y l 91
Jonwax 22
Water
pH: 8 . 0
V i s c o s i t y , #2 Zahn:
I n i t i a l : 25 secs
48 h o u r s : 31 secs
% Polymer S o l i d s : 7.8%
% Pigment: 15%

J o n c r y l 142 as a letdown v e h i c l e :
J o n c r y l 142 i s a c o s t - e f f e c t i v e l e t d o w n v e h i c l e f o r r e s i n o r surfactant-based organic c o l o r dispersions.
J o n c r y l 67, J o n c r y l 678, o r J o n c r y l 690 r e s i n s can be used
t o make v e h i c l e s f o r h i g h q u a l i t y d i s p e r s i o n s .
Commercial pigment d i s p e r s i o n s , such as t h o s e l i s t e d , can
a l s o be used.

*
*

Finished Ink-Yellow

Wt%
AAA Y e l l o w :

Heucosperse YS-1330

J o n c r y l 91
Jonwax 22
Water
A n t i f o a m : Bubble Breaker 748

40.0
26.5
3.0
30.0
0.5

pH: 8 . 1

V i s c o s i t y , #2 Zahn:
I n i t i a l : 25 secs
48 hours: 23 secs

SOURCE: SCJohnson Polymer: J o n c r y l 142 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

Printing Inks

S t a r t i n a P o i n t F o r m u l a t i o n s (Continued)
J o n c r y l 142 a s a Letdown V e h i c l e ( C o n t i n u e d )
F i n i s h e d I n k - B l ue

Wt%
P h t h a l o B l u e : F l e x i v e r s e BFD-1121
J o n c r y l 91
Jonwax 22
Water
A n t i f o a m : Bubble Breaker 748
pH: 8 . 2
V i s c o s i t y , #2 Zahn:
I n i t i a l : 24 secs
48 h o u r s : 30 secs

35.0
35.0
3.0
26.5
0.5

F i n i shed Ink-Red
Barium L i t h o l : F l e x i v e r s e RFD-3217
J o n c r y l 91
Jonwax 22
Water
A n t i f o a m : Bubble Breaker 748
pH: 8 . 0
V i s c o s i t y , #2 Zahn:
I n i t i a l : 25 secs
48 h o u r s : 31 secs

36.0
50.5
3.0
10.0
0.5

F i n i s h e d Ink-Red

Wt%
Barium L i t h o l : F l e x i v e r s e RFD-3217
J o n c r y l 91
Jonwax 22
Water
A n t i f o a m : Bubble B r e a k e r 748
pH: 8.0
V i s c o s i t y , #2 Zahn:
I n i t i a l : 24 secs
48 h o u r s : 26 secs

35.0
40.0
3.0
21.5
0.5

Finished Ink-Black

Wt%
Carbon B l a c k : L i q u i f l e x BD-1000
J o n c r y l 91
Jonwax 22
Water
A n t i f o a m : Bubble Breaker 748
pH: 8 . 2
V i s c o s i t y , #2 Zahn:
I n i t i a l : 24 secs
40 h o u r s : 28 secs

SOURCE:

35.0
37.0
3.0
24.5
0.5

SCJohnson Polymer: J o n c r y l 142 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

51

52

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

Suaaested S t a r t i n a P o i n t F o r m u l a t i o n s f o r F i n i s h e d I n k s
F i lm-Red

Wt%
Dispersion A
J o n c r y l 624
Jonwax 26
A n t i f o a m : Bubble B r e a k e r 748

46.0
48.5

5.0
0.5

I n i t i a1 V i s c o s i t y * : 23
One Week V i s c o s i t y * : 25
F i 1m-Bl ue

Wt%
Dispersion B
J o n c r y l 624
Jonwax 2 6
A n t i f o a m : Bubble Breaker 748

43.0
51 . 5

5.0
0.5

I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * : 25
One Week V i s c o s i t y * : 2 6
F i 1in-Ye1 1o w
%
&

Dispersion C
Joncryl 624
Jonwax 2 6
Antifoam: Bubble Breaker 748

43.0
51.5

5.0
0.5

I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * : 25
One Week V i s c o s i t y * : 26
*Secs.,

#2 Zahn Cup

SOURCE: SCJohnson Polymer: J o n c r y l 678 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

Printing Inks

53

Suggested S t a r t i n g P o i n t F o r m u l a t i o n s f o r F i n i s h e d I n k s
F o i 1-Red
%
&

46.0
48.5

Dispersion A
J o n c r y l 74
Jonwax 26
A n t i f o a m : B u b b l e B r e a k e r 748

5.0
0.5

I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * : 24
One Week V i s c o s i t y * : 27
F o i 1-61 u e

K%
Dispersion B
J o n c r y l 74
Jonwax 26
A n t i f o a m : Bubble B r e a k e r 748

43.0

51.5
5.0
0.5

I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * : 26
One Week V i s c o s i t y * : 27
F o i 1-Ye1 1o w

Wt%
Dispersion C
J o n c r y l 74
Jonwax 26
A n t i f o a m : Bubble B r e a k e r 748

43.0

51.5
5.0
0.5

I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * : 26
One Week V i s c o s i t y * : 27
*Secs,

SOURCE:

#2 Zahn Cup

SCJohnson Polymer: J o n c r y l 678 S u g g e s t e d F o r m u l a t i o n s

54

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

Suagested S t a r t i n a P o i n t F o r m u l a t i o n s for F i n i s h e d I n k s
Paper 6 Board-Red
%
&

Dispersion A
J o n c r y l 87
Jonwax 26
A n t i f o a m : Bubble Breaker 748
Water

46.0
47.0
5.0
0.5

1.5

I n i t i a1 V i s c o s i t y * : 25
One Week V i s c o s i t y * : 45
Paper 8 Board-Blue

5
Dispersion B
J o n c r y l 87
Jonwax 26
A n t i f o a m : Bubble Breaker 748
Water

43.0
50.0
5.0
0.5
1.5

I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * : 25
One Week V i s c o s i t y * : 28
m e r 6 Board-Yellow

Wt%
Dispersion C
J o n c r y l 87
Jonwax 26
A n t i foam: Bubble Breaker 748
Water

43.0
50.0
5.0
0.5
1.5

I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * : 26
One Week V i s c o s i t y * : 45
*Secs,

#2 Zahn Cup

SOURCE: SCJohnson Polymer: J o n c r y l 678 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

Printing Inks

55

Sugaested S t a r t i n q P o i n t F o r m u l a t i o n s f o r F i n i s h e d I n k s

Taa 8 Label-Red

Wt%
Dispersion A
J o n c r y l 87
J o n c r y l 77
Jonwax 26
A n t i f o a m : Bubble Breaker 748

46.0
27.0
21.5
5.0
0.5

I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * : 25
One Week V i s c o s i t y * : 31
Taci 8 L a b e l - B l u e

E
%
Dispersion B
J o n c r y l 87
J o n c r y l 77
Jonwax 26
A n t i f o a m : Bubble Breaker 748

43.0
29.0
22.5
5.0

0.5

I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * : 25
One Week V i s c o s i t y * : 27
T a q 8 Label -Ye1 l o w

Wt%
Dispersion C
J o n c r y l 87
J o n c r y l 77
Jonwax 26
A n t i f o a m : Bubble Breaker 748

43.0
29.0
22.5
5.0

0.5

I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * : 25
One Week V i s c o s i t y * : 31
*Secs,

#2 Zahn Cup

SOURCE: SCJohnson Polymer: J o n c r y l 678 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

56

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

TransDarent Gold for Aluminum F o i l


Components:
Eastek 1200 polymer d i s p e r s i o n (31125) ( a )
Dei o n i zed water
C . I . Yellow 83 pigment d i s p e r s i o n
Unisperse Red FBN-PI ( C . I . Red 2 ) (b)
Wax emulsion ( c )
S u r f y n o l 104 PG s u r f a c t a n t (d)
Defoamer ( e )
Biocide ( f )

Wt%
88.5
4.9
4.5
0.5
0.5

0.9
0.1
0.1

( a ) Eastman
( b ) Ciba-Geigy
( c ) Suggested wax emulsions i n c l u d e F l e x o n i c 600 and F l e x o n i c
901 (Lawter); Hydrocer 600 and Hydrocer 901 (Shamrock
Technologies); Jonwax 26 ( S . C . Johnson); Michem 46940 and
Michem 48040 (Michelman).
( d ) A i r Products
(e) Suggested defoamers i n c l u d e DC 65 A d d i t i v e (Dow Corning);
S u r f y n o l DF-75 ( A i r Products); Dee Fo 97-3 ( U l t r a Addit i v e s ) , Defoamer RD-1386 (R&A A u x i l i a r i e s ) ; Mazu DF 327C
(PPG)
( f ) Suggested b i o c i d e s i n c l u d e Tektamer 38LV (Calgon); Proxel
GXL and Proxel BD (Zeneca)

Formulation Notes:
1. Components a r e l i s t e d i n o r d e r o f a d d i t i o n .
2. T y p i c a l p r i n t i n g v i s c o s i t y i s 17-20 sec/#2 Zahn EZ s e r i e s cup.
I f necessary t o a d j u s t v i s c o s i t y , t h i s f o r m u l a t i o n can be c u t
w i t h water o r w i t h an 8 0 / 2 0 b l e n d o f water/n-propyl a l c o h o l .
Applicatlon:

Gravure

Substrate: Aluminum f o i 1
Features:
B r i 11iant metal 1ic appearance
Adhesion t o f o i l
Resistance t o water and menthol/alcohol s o l u t i o n s
Low odor
A d j u s t a b l e shade and COF ( c o e f f i c i e n t o f f r i c t i o n )

*
*
*
*

SOURCE: Eastman Chemical Co.:

Eastek Standard No. 91166

Printing Inks

T r a n s p a r e n t L i p h t G o l d f o r Aluminum F o i l
Components:
Eastek 1200 polymer d i s p e r s i o n (31126)
E a s t e k 1300 p o l y m e r d i s p e r s i on (31281 )
Deionized water
U n i s p e r s e Red FBN-PI ( C . I . Red 2) ( b )
C . I . Y e l l o w 83 pigment d i s p e r s i o n
S u r f y n o l 104 PG s u r f a c t a n t ( c )
Wax e m u l s i o n ( d )
Defoamer ( o p t i o n a l ) ( e )
Biocide ( f )

Wt%
81 .4
9.0
5.6
0.3
1.6
1.5
0.4
0.1
0.1

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

Eastman
C i ba-Gei gy
A i r Products
Suggested wax e m u l s i o n s i n c l u d e F l e x o n i c 600 and F l e x o n i c
901 ( L a w t e r ) : Hydrocer 600 and H y d r o c e r 901 (Shamrock
T e c h n o l o g i e s ) ; Jonwax 26 ( S . C . Johnson); Michem 46940
and Michem 48040 ( M i c h e l m a n ) .
( e ) Suggested defoamers i n c l u d e DC 6 5 A d d i t i v e (Dow C o r n i n g ) ;
S u r f y n o l DF-75 ( A i r P r o d u c t s ) ; Dee Fo 97-3 ( U l t r a A d d i t i v e s ) ; Defoamer RD-1386 (R&A A u x i l i a r i e s ) ; Mazu DF 327C
(PPG)
( f ) Suggested b i o c i d e s i n c l u d e Tektamer 38LV ( C a l g o n ) ; P r o x e l
GXL and P r o x e l BD (Zeneca).

F o r m u l a t i o n Notes:
1. Components a r e l i s t e d i n o r d e r o f a d d i t i o n .
2 . T y p i c a l p r i n t i n g v i s c o s i t y i s 17-20 s/#2 Zahn EZ s e r i e s c u p .
I f n e c e s s a r y t o a d j u s t v i s c o s i t y , t h e f o r m u l a t i o n can be c u t
w i t h w a t e r o r w i t h an 80/20 b l e n d o f w a t e r / n - p r o p y l a l c o h o l .
A p p l i c a t i o n : Gravure
Substrates:
A1 umi num f o i 1
M e t a l l i z e d paper
Features :
*Resists menthol/alcohol s o l u t i o n s
*Good s u b s t r a t e a d h e s i o n
*Low o d o r
* C o n t r o l l a b l e COF ( c o e f f i c i e n t o f f r i c t i o n )
SOURCE: Eastman Chemical:

Eastek S t a n d a r d No. 01602

57

58

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

Treated Hieh S l i p .

Low D e n s i t y P o l v e t h v l e n e F i l m I n k - B l u e

Dispersion A
J o n c r y l 624
Jonwax 26
A n t i f o a m : Bubble Breaker 748
Water
pH: 8 . 4
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * , secs.:
One Week V i s c o s i t y * :
B e f o r e a g i t a t i o n : 26
A f t e r a g i t a t i o n : 26
Treated High S l i p ,

35.0
55.0
5.0
0.5
4.5
25

Low D e n s i t y P o l v e t h y l e n e F i l m I n k - Y e l l o w

Wt%
Dispersion B
J o n c r y l 624
Jonwax 26
A n t i f o a m : Bubble Breaker 748
Water
pH: 8 . 4
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * , secs.:
One Week V i s c o s i t y * :
B e f o r e a g i t a t i o n : 27
A f t e r a g i t a t i o n : 25
Treated High S l i p ,

35.0
55.0
5.0
0.5
4.5
25

Low D e n s i t y P o l y e t h v l e n e F i l m Ink-Red

Wt%

Dispersion C
J o n c r y l 624
Jonwax 26
A n t i f o a m : Bubble Breaker 748
pH: 8 . 4
I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y * , secs.:
One Week V i s c o s i t y * :
B e f o r e a g i t a t i o n : 32
A f t e r a g i t a t i o n : 25
*#2 Zahn cup,

SOURCE:

40.0
54.5
5.0
0.5
23

25C

SCJohnson Polymers: J o n c r y l 67 Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s

Printing Inks

V i c t o r i a Blue I n k for Polyethylene

wt%

Raw M a t e r ia1s :
Place i n t o a c l e a n m i x i n g vessel :
F l e x i v e r s e BFD 3229

28.0

S l o w l y m i x and add:
C a r b o s e t GA-1086
Water
n-Propyl A l c o h o l
Michem 32535
Foamburst 338
BYK 301
F l u o r a d FCI 20

60.0
2.6
3.0
6.0
0.1
0.2
0.1

M i x a t medium speed
Formulation Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Weight, %: 45.8
T o t a l S o l i d s by Volume, %: 42.2
pH: 8.1
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b s : 8 . 9
V i s c o s i t y , #2 Zahn, 25C, seconds: 42
Formula W I 34
P h t h a l o B l u e G/S I n k
Raw M a t e r i a l s :
Place i n t o a c l e a n m i x i n g vessel:
Sunsperse RHD 6017
S l o w l y m i x and add:
Carboset GA-1086
Water
n-Butanol
BY K - 035
BYK-301
F1u o r a d FC-120
M i x a t medium speed f o r 15 m i n u t e s

Q
28.0
60.0
8.6
3.0
0.1
0.2
0.1

Formulation Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Weight, %: 44.5
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Volume, %: 43.2
pH: 8 . 6
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b s : 8 . 9
V i s c o s i t y , #2 Zahn, 25C, seconds: 28
Formula W I 127
SOURCE: BF G o o d r i c h S p e c i a l t y Chemicals:

Carboset F o r m u l a t i o n s

59

60

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Fortnulatiom

Yellow Corrugated I n k
Raw M a t e r i a l s :
Place i n t o c l e a n b a l l m i l l :
C a r b o s e t GA-1387
Huber 35
DM Water
Monoethanolami ne
Foamburst 338
S u n b r i t e (AAA)-273-3556
B a l l m i l l f o r 12 h o u r s - check g r i n d

65.2

7.5
14.6
0.5
0.2
12.0

F o r m u l a t i o n Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s b y W e i g h t , %: 35.0
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Volume, %: 28.0
pH: 9 . 0
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b s . : 9 . 3
V i s c o s i t y , #3 Zahn, 25C, s e c . : 15
Pigment t o B i n d e r R a t i o : 1 / 1 . 2 5
F o r m u l a t i o n W I 150
Black Corrugated I n k
Raw M a t e r i a l s :
Place i n t o c l e a n b a l l m i l l :
Carboset GA-1387
Huber 35
DM Water
Monoethanolamine
Foamburst 338
Raven 450
B a l l m i l l f o r 12 h o u r s
check g r i n d

Wt%
65.2
7.5
11.6
0.5
0.2
15.0

F o r m u l a t i o n Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Weight, %: 3 8 . 0
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Volume, %: 28.0
pH: 9 . 0
Weight p e r g a l l o n , lbs. 9 . 6
V i s c o s i t y , #3 Zahn, 25C s e c . : 25
Pigment t o B i n d e r R a t i o 1 / 1
F o r m u l a t i o n W I 151

SOURCE: BF G o o d r i c h S p e c i a t y Polymers: Carboset Formu a t i o n s

Printing Inks

Yellow I n k
Raw M a t e r i a l s :
P l a c e i n t o c l e a n b a l l m i l l f o r 12 h o u r s .
Carboset GA-1364
DM Water
Monoethanol ami ne
Foamburst 151
Foamburst 157
S u n b r i t e Y e l l o w 12 (AAA)
Check g r i n d .

Wt%
69.2

18.0
0.3
0.4

0.1
12.0

F o r m u l a t i o n Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Weight, %: 30.0
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Volume, %: 24.0
pH: 8 . 6
Weight p e r G a l l o n / l b s . : 9.0
V i s c o s i t y , B r o o k f i e l d , 25C, c p s : 63
V i s c o s i t y , #3 Zahn, 25C, s e c . : 30
F o r m u l a t i o n W I 160
Blue Ink
Raw M a t e r i a l s :
P l a c e i n t o c l e a n b a l l m i l l f o r 12 h o u r s .
Carboset GA-1364
DM Water
Monoethanol ami ne
Foamburst 151
Foamburst 157
S u n b r i t e Y e l l o w 12 (AAA)
Check g r i n d .

69.2
18.0
0.3
0.4
0.1
12.0

Formulation Constants:
T o t a l S o l i d s by Weight, %: 30.0
T o t a l S o l i d s b y Volume, %: 23.0
pHi 8 . 6
Weight p e r G a l l o n / l b s . : 9 . 1
V i s c o s i t y , B r o o k f i e l d , 2%. c p s : 45
V i s c o s i t y , #3 Zahn, 25C, s e c . : 26
F o r m u l a t i o n WI 161

SOURCE: BF G o o d r i c h S p e c i a l t y Polymers: Carboset F o r m u l a t i o n s

61

Contents and Subject Index


SECTION I: PRINTING INKS .............................
1
2
Adhesion Promoters ................................
Black Ink ........................................
3
3
Red Ink
Black Ink for Paper Board ............................
4
Overprint Varnish ...................................
4
Blue Ink .........................................
5
High Solids Resin Cut
5
Blue Ink for Paper and Paper Board .....................
6
Blue Corrugated Ink .................................
6
Bronze Gold Ink ...................................
7
CAP/Acrylic Ink with Amino Silane Adhesion Promoter
8
CAP/Acrylic Ink for PVDC-Coated Films . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Top Ink
9
CAP/Acrylic Ink with Zirconium Propionate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Coalesced Joncryl537 ..............................
11
11
Alkali Resistant Ink-Blue ............................
11
Alkali Resistant Ink-Red .............................
11
Alkali Resistant Ink-Yellow ...........................
Dialrylide Yellow Ink for Polyethylene/Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
12
Oil Resistant OPV .................................
13
Extender for Beverage Board Inks
Blue Ink for Polyolefins
13
14
Finished Inks .....................................
14
Quality Corrugated-Red .............................
Quality Corrugated-Blue ............................
14
Quality Corrugated-Yellow ...........................
14
15
Finished Inks
15
Economy Corrugated-Red ...........................
15
Economy Corrugated-Blue ...........................
15
Economy Corrugated-Yellow .........................
16
Finished Inks .....................................
Foil, Film, Metallized, & Tissue-Red ....................
16
Foil. Film. Metallized. & Tissue-Blue ....................
16

.........................................

...............................

........
..........................................

......................
..............................

.....................................

ix

Contents and Subject Index

Nitrocellulose Modification-HMS Ink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


18
18
Water-Based Flexo Ink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19
Flexographic Inks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19
Propionate Modification-HM Ink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19
Propionate Modification-HMS Ink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19
T-Type Gravure Ink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20
Flexolnk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20
Propionate Modification-HM Ink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20
Propionate Modification-HMS Ink ......................
20
Nitrocellulose Modification-H M Ink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nitrocellulose Modification-HMS Ink ....................
20
Formulation Guidelines for CAP in Liquid Inks . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Gloss Tag & Label Ink-Blue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
22
Gloss Tag & Label Ink-Yellow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
22
Gloss Tag & Label Ink-Red . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
22
23
Glossy Black Corrugated Ink ..........................
23
Overprint Varnish for Wet Litho Ink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
24
Gold Metallic for Paper and Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25
Gravure Ink for Gift Wrap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
26
Green Polyethylene Ink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
26
Polyethylene Wax Dispersion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27
High Gloss Foil Ink-Blue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27
High Gloss Foil Ink-Yellow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27
High Gloss Foil Ink-Red . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
High Gloss Wide Web Gravure Ink-Blue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
High Gloss Wide Web Gravure Ink-Yellow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
High Gloss Wide Web Gravure Ink-Red . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
High Quality Corrugated Ink-Blue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
29
29
High Quality Corrugated Ink-Yellow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
High Quality Corrugated Ink-Red . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
29
High Solids. Low Tack Sheetfed Offset Ink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
Web Offset Heatset Ink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
30
Fluorescent Blue Sheetfed Offset Ink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
30
31
Ink Compatibility Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ink-Phthalo Blue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
31
32
Ink-Carbon Black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ink-litho1 Rubine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
33
34
Ink Formulation-Black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
34
Ink Formulation-Yellow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35
ink Formulation-Blue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ink Formulation-Red . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35
36
Low Cost Corrugated Ink-Blue ........................
Low Cost Corrugated Ink-Yellow ......................
36
Low Cost Corrugated Ink-Red ........................
36

Contents and Subject Index

xi

Low Energy Web-Offset Heatset Ink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


37
37
Sheetfed Ink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
37
Web Offset Ink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Web Offset Heatset Ink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
37
Neutralization Formulas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
38
Joncryl91 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
38
38
Joncryl85 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
39
News Flexo Vehicle "H" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multi-Color News Flexo Vehicle Starting
39
Point Formulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
39
Red Rubine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
39
Yellow Diarylide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
39
Blue Phthalo Blue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
News Flexo Vehicle " F News Flexo Vehicle for WaterBased Black Inks Starting Point Formulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
40
Phthalo G/S Corrugated Ink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Barium Litho1 Corrugated Ink .........................
40
Pre/Post-Metallization Primer for Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Blue Ink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
41
Red for Polyethylene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
42
High Gloss Water Ink for Paper and Paper Board . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Screen Printing Ink Vehicle for General Purpose
43
Fluorescent Screen Ink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A Type Gravure Ink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
43
43
C Type Gravure Ink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
44
Semi-permanent Marker Ink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
44
Textile Ink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
44
Gravure Ink-A Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gravure Ink-C Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
44
Gravure Ink-T Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
44
45
Sheetfed Offset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Silver Metallic for Paper and Board (Flexo) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Silver Metallic for Paper and Board (Gravure) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Stabilized CAP Ink with Polyethylene Imine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48
49
Starfire Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
50
Starting Point Formulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pigment Dispersion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
50
Letdown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
50
Finished Ink-Yellow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
50
Finished Ink-Blue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
51
51
Finished Ink-Red . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
51
Finished Ink-Black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Suggested Starting Point Formulations for Finished Inks . . . . . . 53
Film-Red . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
52

xii

Contents and Subject Index

Film-Blue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
52
Film-Yellow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
52
Suggested Starting Point Formulations for Finished Inks . . . . . . 52
53
Foil-Red . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foil-Blue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
53
Foil-Yellow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
53
Suggested Starting Point Formulations
for Finished Inks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
54
Paper & Board-Red . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
54
Paper & Board-Blue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
54
Paper & Board-Yellow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
54
Suggested Starting Point Formulations
for Finished Inks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55
Tag & Label-Red . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55
Tag & Label-Blue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55
Tag & Label-Yellow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55
Transparent Gold for Aluminum Foil ....................
56
Transparent Light Gold for Aluminum Foil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Treated High Slip. Low Density Polyethylene
Film Ink-Blue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
58
Treated High Slip. Low Density Polyethylene
Film Ink-Yellow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
58
Treated High Slip. Low Density Polyethylene
58
Film Ink-Red . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Victoria Blue Ink for Polyethylene ......................
59
59
Phthalo Blue G/S Ink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Yellow Corrugated Ink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
60
Black Corrugated Ink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
60
Yellowlnk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
61
Bluelnk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
61
SECTION II: OVERPRINT VARNISHES ....................
62
General Purpose OPV (Joncryl 1679)
63
OPV for Wet Litho (CDX-562) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
63
Grease-Barrier Overprints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
64
Heat Resistant OPV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65
Pet Food Bag OPV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65
Heat Sealable Overprints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
66
Repulpable Overprints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
66
Heat-Resistant Overprints
66
High Gloss OPV (CDX-563) ..........................
67
Hot Mar Resistant Overprint Varnish ....................
67
High-Gloss Thermoset Overprint Based on CAP-504-0.2 . . . . . 68
Typical Overprint Formulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
68

...................

...........................

Contents and Subject Index

xiii

High Skid Angle/Low VOC Overprint Varnish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69


Low VOC Overprint Varnish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
69
70
Low VOC Overprint Varnish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Offset Ink Train Varnish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
71
Overprint Lacquer for High-Quality Gift Wrap . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72
73
Overprint Varnish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overprint Varnish over Wet Litho Ink ....................
74
74
Low VOC Overprint Varnish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overprint Varnishes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
75
HighGloss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
75
75
LOWVOC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
76
Overprint Varnishes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
76
Water Resistant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overprint Varnishes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
77
77
In-line Litho . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overprint Varnishes ................................
78
78
General Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
79
Overprint Varnishes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
79
Water Resistant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
80
General Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Water & Grease Resistant OPV (Joncryl 1938) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
SECTION 111: COATINGS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
82
Alcohol-Resistant Slipcoat for Aluminum Foil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Overprint Varnish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
83
Carboset GA-33 in Waterborne Inks for Vinyl Substrates . . . . . 84
Carboset GA 33 Top Coat for Vinyl Wallcovering . . . . . . . . . . .84
85
Food Release - Bakery Products ......................
Lidding Films . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
85
85
Economics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Non-Blocking Coatings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
86
Non-Blocking Moisture Barrier Coating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86
Repulpability of Paperboard Coated with Carboset
GA-1103 and Carboset GA-1105 .....................
87
Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
87
Repulpability of the Coated Paperboard 601-750-637-1 . . . . . . 87
87
601-750-637-2
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
601-750-637-3
601-750-637-4
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
601-750-637-5
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Control
88
Vinyl Plastisol Fabric Coating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
89
89
Acrylic Urethane Coating
Aerosol Concentrate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
89

..................................

.........................................
............................

xiv Contents and Subject Index


SECTION N: MISCELLANEOUS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
90
Acrylic Aerosol Concentrate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
91
Alkyd Brushing Paint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
91
Water Dispersion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
91
Aerosol Concentrate ...............................
91
Carboset GA-1162 Resin Cut CL 119 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92
Carboset GA-1162 Polyethylene Wax Dispersion CL 135 . . . . . 92
Carboset GA-1250 Resin Cut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
93
Carboset GA-1250 Organic Pigment Grinds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93
Extender for Bronze Powders/Pastes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .94
High Hiding Acrylic Emulsion for Inks on Natural Kraft . . . . . . . . 95
Starting Point Formulation: White ......................
95
Starting Point Formulation: Black ......................
95
96
Starting Point Formulation-Red . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting Point Formulation-Blue .......................
96
Starting Point Formulation-Yellow ......................
96
Pigment Dispersion for Water-Borne Inks Using Carboset
Polymers-Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
97
Pigment Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
97
Starting Formulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
97
Standard Commercial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
97
HighGloss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
97
99
Pigment Dispersions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dispersion A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
99
99
Dispersion B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dispersion C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
99
Pigment Dispersions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
100
Dispersion A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
100
100
Dispersion B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dispersion C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
100
Pigment Dispersions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
101
Dispersion A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
101
Dispersion B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
101
101
Dispersion C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Primer for Polypropylene and Other Plastics and Metals . . . . . 102
Stir-In Additive in Coatings for Polypropylene
and Other Plastics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
102
Primer for Polyethylene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
102
Resin Solutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
103
103
Joncryl50 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Joncryl52 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
103
Joncryl55 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
103
Solvent Free Resin Cut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
104
Organic Pigment Grinds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
104

Contents and Subject Index

xv

Resin Solutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
103
103
Joncryl50 ......................................
Joncryi 52 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
103
103
Joncryl55 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
104
Solvent Free Resin Cut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Organic Pigment Grinds ............................
104
105
Solvent Free Resin Cut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
105
Organic Pigment Grinds ............................
108
Solutions of Joncryl678 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Joncryl60 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
106
Joncryl61 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
106
Vinyl Plastisol Molding. Film Foaming & Fabric Coating . . . . . . 107
107
Semi-Rigid Calendered Vinyl Film .....................
107
Fluorescent Paper Coating ..........................
Tempera Paint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
107
SECTION V TRADEMARKED RAW MATERIALS
SECTION VI: SUPPLIERS' ADDRESSES
END USE INDEX

. . . . . . . . . . . 108

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122

...................................

127

Overprint Varnishes

63

General Purpose OPV (Joncrvl 16791


Primary Purpose:
T h i s i s a general purpose OPV w i t h adequate g l o s s and hardness
f o r most general purpose uses. The f o r m u l a t i o n can be used as a
guide, t o a l l o w t h e f o r m u l a t o r f l e x i b i l i t y i n approaching t h e
more e x o t i c requirements o f some OPV's.
Formu 1a :
J o n c r y l 678
J o n c r y l 77
Z i n c Oxide S o l u t i o n #1
Jonwax 26
Sodi um Hydroxi de
Bubble Breaker 748
Water

Wt%

Section V

Trademarked Raw Materials

8.80
59.00
5.90
10.00
1.90
0.20
14.20

Formula J o n c r y l 1679
OPV f o r Wet L i t h o (CDX-562)

P r i m a r y Purpose:
OPV f o r i n - l i n e and o f f - l i n e c o a t ngs on l i t h o g r a p h c p r i n t e d
surfaces using epic-type a p p l i c a t o r s
Formul a :
J o n c r y l 678
J o n c r y l 77
J o n c r y l 89
Jonwax 26
Ammon ia
I PA
Water
W e t t i n g Agent
Preservative
A n t i -foam
Typical C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
T o t a l N o n - V o l a t i l e : 38.5-40.5s
V i s c o s i t y : 100-300 cps
pH: 8.5-9.0
Lbs. /Gal l o n : 8.5-9.0
Formula CDX-562

SOURCE: SC Johnson Polymer: Suggested Formulations

Wt%
7.0
40.0
20.0
10.0
1.5
4.0
13.8
3.0
0.2
0.5

Trademarked Raw Materials

RAW MATERIAL

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION

109

SOURCE

A b i t o l 9OX

Hydrobietyl alcohol

Hercules

A c r y l o i d 6-66

A c r y l i c r e s i n s o l u t i o n . TSC:51%

Rohm&Haaa

A c r y l o i d F-10

A c r y l i c r e s i n s o l u t i o n . TSC:4096

Rohm&Haas

A c r y l o i d NAD-10

Acrylic dispersion resin.

Rohm&Haas

Acrysol RM-825

Associ a t ive t h i c k e n e r

Rohm&Haas

Additive #I1
Aerosol OT-75

CasChem
W e t t i n g / l e v e l i n g agent

Amberol M-82

AmCyan
Rohm&Haas

Aromatic Solvent
sc-100

Petroleum s o l v e n t . BP: 311F

Exxon

AVO-797 #7

I s o p h t h a l i c a1 kyd

BASF

BASF #70-MM-2230

Green shade phthalocyanine b l u e

BASF

Bentone 38

Rheological a d d i t i v e

Rheox

Benzoflex 50

P1a s t i c i zer

Vel s i c o l

Bubble Breaker 748

A n t i foam

W i tco

Butyl Cellosolve

Glycol e t h e r

UnCarb

BYK 023

Defoamer

BYKChemie

BYK 035

Defoamer

BYKCherni e

BYK 045

Defoamer

BYKChemie

BYK 301

Silicone leveling aid

BYKChemi e

BYK 321

Flow a i d

BYKChemie

110

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

RAW MATERIAL

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION

SOURCE

Cab-0-Si 1

Fumed silica

Cabot

Cab-0-Si 1 M-5

Fumed silica

Cabot

CAP-482-0.5

Cellulose acetate prop onate.


Vis: 0.40 sec

E astma n

CAP-504-0.2

Cellulose acetate prop onate.


Vis: 0.15 sec

Eastman

Carbopol Ultrer 10

Carbomer

Goodrich

Carboset GA-33

Acrylic dispersion copolymer.


Hard thermoplastic

Goodri ch

Carboset GA-1006

Styrene acrylic copolymer


emul s i on

Goodr i ch

Carboset GA-1087

Styrene acrylic copolymer


emu 1 si on

Goodr i ch

Carboset GA-1103

Acrylic emulsion. Medium


hardness

Goodrich

Carboset GA-1105

Acrylic emulsion. Very hard.

Goodr i ch

Carboset GA-1161

Styrene-acrylic copolymer.
Low MW

Goodrich

Carboset GA-1162

Styrene-acrylic copolymer.
Low Mw

Goodri ch

Carboset GA-1166

Styrene-acrylic polymer solution Goodrich

Carboset GA-ll66HS

Styrene-acrylic polymer solution Goodrich

Carboset GA-1250

Styrene-acrylic polymer. Low MW

Goodrich

Carboset GA-1324

Acrylic copolymer emulsion

Goodrich

Carboset GA-1339

Styrene-acrylic copolymer
emul s i on

Goodrich

Carboset GA-1364

Acrylic copolymer dispersion

Goodri ch

Carboset GA-1387

Styrene-acrylic copolymer
dispersion

Goodrich

Trademarked Raw Materials

R A W MATERIAL

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION

111

SOURCE

Carboset GA-1604

A c r y l i c copolymer emulsion

Goodrich

Carboset GA-1926

Polymer

Goodri ch

Carboset GA-1931

Resin s o l u t i o n

Goodr ich

Carboset GA-2136

A c r y l i c copolymer emulsion

Goodr ich

Carboset XPD-1324

Polymer

Goodri ch

Carboset XPD-1926

Polymer

Goodri ch

Carboset XPD-1931

Polymer

Goodrich

Carboset XPD-1993

Styrene-acrylic
emu1s i on

Castung 403-UV

Dehydrated c a s t o r o i l

copolymer

Goodrich
CasChem

CC-5071 100% S o l i d s PTFE/PE Sheetfed Compound

Carroll

CC-6273 Deodorized

High s o l i d s PTFE/Wax

Carroll

C D I Black 8814950

Carbon b l a c k d i s p e r s i o n

C D I D i sp

Cerium Octoate D r i e r - 6 %

Shepherd

Cobalt L i n-A1 1 P I - D r i er-6%

Mooney

Cobratec 99

Benzotriazole

PMCSpec

CP 153-2

Chlorinated p a r a f f i n

Eastman

CP 343-1

Chlorinated p a r a f f i n

Eastman

CP 343-3

Chlorinated p a r a f f i n

Eastman

CP 515-2

Chlorinated p a r a f f i n

Eastman

Crodami ne OR Wax

Croda

Cymel 300

Hexamethoxymethyl-melamine r e s i n AmCyan

Cymel 373

Melamine r e s i n

AmCyan

Cyasorb UV24

UV l i g h t s t a b i l i z e r

AmCyan

112

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

RAW MATERIAL
Day-Glo A-Pigment

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION
Thermoplastic f l u o r e s c e n t
pigment

Day-G1 o AIT C o l o r a n t

SOURCE
Day-G1 o
Day-G1 o

Day-Glo AX Pigment

Thermoplastic f l u o r e s c e n t
p i gment

Day-Gl o

Day-Glo EPX D i s p

Formaldehyde f r e e pigment

Day-G1 o

Day-Glo GT Pigment

Thermoset r e s i n based

Day-G1 o

Day-Glo HM S o l u b l e
Toner

T r a n s p a r e n t f l o u r e s c e n t c o l o r a n t Day-Glo

Day-Glo HMS S o l u b l e
Toner

T r a n s p a r e n t f l u o r e s c e n t c o l o r a n t Day-Glo

Day-Glo I n v i s i b l e B l u e Base MT-6172-IB

Day-G1 o

Day-Glo S p e c i a l Base
M-6165-22

Magenta base ( B l u e shade)

Day-G1 o

Day-Glo S p e c i a l Base
M-6210-22

Magenta base ( Y e l l o w shade)

Day-Glo

Day-Glo S p e c i a l Thermoset Base

Day-Glo

Day-Glo S t a r f i r e Base C o l o r

Day-Gl o

Day-Glo S t a r f i r e F r e s h C o l o r Base

Day-Glo

Day-Glo T-Pigment

Day-Glo

Thermoset r e s i n based

Day-Glo V e l e x Tack Reducer TR-052

Day-Glo

DC 65 A d d i t i v e

Defoamer

DowCor n

DeeFo P I - 3 5

Defoamer

U1t r a A d d

DeeFo 97-3

Defoamer

U1t r a A d d

Defoamer RD-1386

Defoamer

R8A A u x i l

Desmodur N-75

Catalyst

Mobay

DOSS OT-75

W e t t i n g agent

Cytec

Trademarked Raw Materials

RAW MATERIAL

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION

SOURCE

Dowanol DB

Solvent

Dow

D o w i c i l 75

A n t i m i c r o b i a l agent

Dow

Drapex 4.4

Stabilizer

Argus

Drapex 6.8

Vinyl p l a s t i c i z e r

Argus

Dri-RX

I13

Mooney

Drier

DSX-1514

Associative thickener

Henkel

Dynasi 1an DAM0

A m i no s i 1ane d e r i v a t ive

Dynami t

Eastek 1100

Polymer d i s p e r s i o n (31064)

Eastman

Eastek 1200

Polymer d i s p e r s i o n (31125)

Eastman

Eastek 1300

Polymer d i s p e r s i on

Eastman

Eastek 2140

Polymer d i s p e r s i o n (31321)

Eastman

Eastman DOP

Dioctyl phthalate p l a s t i c i z e r

Eastman

Eastman T r i a c e t i n

Plasticizer

Eastman

Ecogel H

Heatset web o f f s e t vehic e

Ecovar

EHEC High

E t h y l hydroxyethyl c e l l u ose

Hercules

Ektasolve EB

Glycol ether

East man

Elftex 5

Carbon b l a c k

Cabot

Elftex 8

Carbon b l a c k

Cabot
duPont

E l vaci t e 2044

Elvax 40W

Ethylene v i n y l a c e t a t e copolymer duPont

Elvax 260 Resin

Ethylene v i n y l a c e t a t e copolymer duPont

Exkin 2

A n t i - s k i n n i n g agent

Hul s

114

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

SOURCE

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION

RAW MATERIAL
FC-120

Wett ing agent

3M

FC-129

Wett ing agent

3M

F e r r o 1742

Stabi 1izer

Ferro

F l e x i v e r s e BFD-1121

Phthalo b l u e d i s p e r s i o n

Sun

F l e x i v e r s e BFD-3229

Pigment d i s p e r s i o n

Sun

F l e x i v e r s e Green

Pigment d i spe s i on

Sun

F l e x i v e r s e RCD-7108

Barium 1itho1 r e d ( s u r f a c t a n t
based)

Sun

F l e x i v e r s e RFD-1133

Red pigment d spersion

Sun

F l e x i v e r s e RFD-3217

Barium l i t h o 1 r e d

Sun

F l e x o n i c 600 & 901

Wax emulsion

Lawter

Flexonyl Rubine A-F6B C . I .

Red 184

Hoechst

Foambl a s t 327

Defoamer

Ross

Foambla s t 370

Defoamer

Ross

Foamburst 151

Defoamer

Ross

Foamburst 157

Defoamer

Ross

Foamburst 338

Defoamer

Ross

G-Cry1 250

A c r y l i c binder

Henkel

G-Cure 867-Plus 60

Acrylic resin

Henkel

Geon 12

Resin

Goodri ch

Geon 121

Resin

Goodri ch

Germaben I 1

Preservative

Sutton

Trademarked Raw Materials

RAW MATERIAL

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION

115

SOURCE

Hercolyn D

Hydrogenated r o s i n e s t e r

Hercules

Heucosperse YS-1330

AAA y e l l o w

Heubach

H i Fast 06-59282

Carrier

BASF

Huber 35

Kaolin clay

Huber

Huber 900

Kaolin clay

Huber

Hydrocer 600 & 901

Wax emulsion

Shamrock

J o n c r y l 50

A c r y l i c polymer s o l u t i o n

Johnson

J o n c r y l 52

Acrylic resin solution

Johnson

J o n c r y l 55

Acrylic resin solution

Johnson

J o n c r y l 56

A c r y l i c r e s i n emuls on

Johnson

J o n c r y l 58

A c r y l i c r e s i n s o l u t on

Johnson

J o n c r y l 60

A c r y l i c r e s i n s o l u t on

Johnson

J o n c r y l 61

Resi n s o l u t i on

Johnson

J o n c r y l 62

Acrylic resin solution

Johnson

J o n c r y l 63

Acrylic resin solution

Johnson

J o n c r y l 67

Solid acrylic resin

Johnson

J o n c r y l 74

A c r y l i c emulsion

Johnson

J o n c r y l 77

A c r y l i c emulsion

Johnson

J o n c r y l 85

Acrylic colloidal solution

Johnson

J o n c r y l 87

Styrenated a c r y l i c emulsion

Johnson

J o n c r y l 89

Styrenated a c r y l i c emulsion

Johnson

J o n c r y l 91

Acrylic colloidal solution

Johnson

J o n c r y l 142

A c r y l i c polymer emulsion

Johnson

116

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

SOURCE

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION

RAW MATERIAL
J o n c r y l 537

A c r y l i c polymer emulsion

Johnson

J o n c r y l 586

Solid acrylic resin

Johnson

J o n c r y l 624

A c r y l ic polymer emu1s i on

Johnson

J o n c r y l 647

Acrylic colloidal solution

Johnson

J o n c r y l 678

Solid acrylic resin

Johnson

J o n c r y l 682

Solid acrylic resin

Johnson

J o n c r y l 1535

A c r y l i c emulsion

Johnson

J o n c r y l 2660

A c r y l i c polymer emulsion

Johnson

Jonwax 22

M i c r o c r y s t a l l i n e wax emulsion

Johnson

Jonwax 26

Polyethylene wax

Johnson

Jonwax 120

Pol y e t h y l ene/paraf f in wax

Johnson

Kemamide E

Erucamide f a t t y amide

Humko

Kodaf 1ex T X I B

Plasticizer

Eastman

Krumbhaar Resin K-1717-0

Lawter

Krumbhaar K-1979

Lawter

Polyester r e s i n

Lactol S p i r i t s
Lancoglidd TD (25%)

Wax

LE-410

W e t t i n g / l e v e l i n g agent.

Level 27

F l a t t e n i n g agent

L i q i g a r d 85

Wax

Carroll

Liqua F l e x

Predi spersed p i gment

Drew

L i q u i f 1ex BD-1 000

Carbon b l a c k

Drew

Emulsion UnCarb

Trademarked Raw Marerials

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION

RAW MATERIAL

SOURCE

L i q u a f 1ex RD5200

L i t h o l rubine dispersion

Drew

L i quaf 1ex YO-3000

Yellow pigment d i s p e r s i o n

Drew

L i q u i t r o n 250

Wax

Carroll

L i q u i t r o n 251

Wax d i s p e r s i o n

Carroll

L i t h o l Rubine Flush, 45-MM-2247

1I7

BASF

Lucidene 602

A c r y l i c binder

Morton

Luvi s k o l VA-73W

PVP/VA copolymer (50%)

BASF

Mackami de AME

Acetamide MEA

Mc In t y r e

Magiesol 47 I n k O i l

Aliphatic ink o i l

Magi e

Magiesol 52 I n k O i l

Aliphatic ink o i l

Magi e

Magiesol 60 I n k O i l

Aliphatic ink o i l

Magi e

Manganese Drier-12%

12% manganese

Mooney

Manganese L i n - A l l P I Drier-6% manganese

Mooney

Mark GS

Stabi 1iz e r

ArgusWitco

Maru DF 327C

Defoamer

PPG

Merquat Plus 3330

Pol yquaterni um-39

Michem Lube 160

Wax

Michelman

Michem Lube 316

M i c h e l man

Michem Lube 743

Michelman

Michem Lube 32535

Wax

Michelman

Michem Lube 46025

Wax

M i chel man

Michem 46940

Wax emulsion

M i c h e l man

Michem 40040

Wax emulsion

Michelman

M o i s t u r i z i n g Phytoamine Biocomplex

118

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

RAW MATERIAL
N735A

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION
Nonl e a f ing a1 umi num p a s t e

SOURCE
USA1 umi num

Nalco 2321 Defoamer

Nal co

Nalco 2335 Dispersant

Nalco

Nalco 2341

Nal eo

Neocryl 8722

Acrylic resin

IC1

Neocryl 8814

Acryl i c r e s i n

IC1

Neptune N-1

CL159 r e c i p e , 25 p a r t s N-1

Shamrock

QP-340

Surfactant

A i rProd

P a r a l o i d 872

Resin

Rohm&Haas

Paraplex G-60

Plasticizer

Rohm&Haas

P a r l o n S-20

C h l o r i n a t e d rubber

Hercules

Pentalyn G

Pentaerythritol ester o f rosin

Hercules

Plexigum N80

Resin

P1e x i gum N742

A c r y l ic r e s i n

Pol ymi n
Allied

Polymist A-12
Post 4

Rheological a d d i t i v e

CasChem

P r i n t e x 35

Pigment

Degus sa

Proxel GXL 8 BD

8 i o c i des

2 eneca
UnCarbi de

QP-4400
R49-HP-1210

B a r i um 1itho1 presscake

Chromatic

Raven 450

Pigment

Col umbi an

Trademarked Raw Materials

RAW MATERIAL

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION

119

SOURCE

Resi mene U-980


R h e o l a t e 101

Thickener

Rheox

R h e o l a t e 300

Thickener

Rheox

Rhoplex E-32

Acryl i c binder

Rohm&Haas

R i c h g o l d F l a k e 9520X

Bronze powder

USBronze

S-232

P o l y e t h y l e n e wax

Shamrock

S-394-N1

P o l y e t h y l e n e Wax ( 5 m i c r o n s )

Shamrock

S-395-N5

P o l y e t h y l e n e Wax ( 1 2 . 5 m i c r o n s )

Shamrock

SAIB-90

Sucrose a c e t a t e i s o b u t y r a t e

Eastman

Sant ic i z e r 141

Plasticizer

Monsant o

Sant ic i z e r 160

P1a s t i c i z e r

Monsanto

SCX-631

Waterborne a c r y l i c polymer

Johnson

SCX-660

Waterborne a c r y l i c polymer

Johnson

S i l a n e 26020

Ami nosi l a n e d e r i v a t i v e

DowCorning

PTFE wax

Shamrock

S i 1b e r c i s e r C6
SST-3 PTFE Powder

STAPA H y d r o x y l W-F89 NL a1 umi num p a s t e

ObronAt 1an

S t a r f i r e Base C o l o r

DayGlo

High-strength fluroescent
pigment

S t a r f i r e SFB-22 S t r o n g Magenta f l u o r e s c e n t magenta

DayGl o

Sun B r i t e 273-3556

AAA y e l l o w

Sun

Sun B r i t e Red 48:2

C a l c i u m l i t h o 1 r e d 28 ( 4 8 : 2 )

Sun

Sun B r i t e Y e l l o w 12

Diarylide yellow

Sun

Sun #U64-2357 B l u e shade p h t h a l o c y a n i n e green c o l o r

Sun

120

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Formulations

R A W MATERIAL

SOURCE

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION

Sun Fast 234-0077

Pigment r e d

Sun

Sun Fast 248-1282

G.S.

Sun

Sun Fast Blue 15:3

Phthalo b l u e G.S.

Sun

Sun Fast 249-1291

Pigment b l u e

Sun

blue

Sun Fast Blue 449-1281 Presscake (40% TSC)

Sun

Sun Fast Blue 449-5050 Phthalo G/S presscake

Sun

Sunsperse RHD 6017

Sun

Pigment d i s p e r s i o n

Super High Flash Naphtha


Surcol 836W

A c r y l ic r e s i n

S u r f y n o l DF-75

Defoamer

A i rProduct

S u r f y n o l OP-340

Addi t i ve

A i rProduct

S u r f y n o l 104E

Surfactant

A i rProduct

S u r f y n o l 104PA

Surfactant

A i rProduct

Surfynol 104PG

Surfactant

A i rProduct

Tamol 731

Surfactant

Rohm&Haas

Tecsol C Solvent

Denatured e t h y l a l c o h o l

Eastman

Tektamer 38LV

Biocide

Cal gon
Tenneco

Tenneco 225F
T i l c o n P1-2 Isopropoxyethoxy t i t a n i u m b i s a c e t y l acetonate
T i o x i d e R-TC 90

T i t a n i um d i o x i d e

Ti-Pure R-960

T i t a n i um d i o x i d e

DuPont

T r i o n i c 100

Solvent

P e t r o l it e

TTDIA

Pol yrneri zed t u n g o i 1

Degen

Trademarked Raw Materials

RAW MATERIAL

CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION

121

SOURCE

Union Carbide LE410

S i l i c o n e food grade emulsion

Uni sperse Red FBN-PI

C.I.

U v i n u l MS-40

Benzophenone-4

Vehicle F

News f l e x o v e h i c l e

Johnson

Vehicle H

News f l e x o v e h i c l e

Johnson

Vel ex GQV-971

Gloss q u i c k s e t v e h i c l e

Day-G1 o

Vel ex GQV-2030

Gloss q u i c k s e t v e h i c l e

Day-G1 o

Vel ex MFV-2080

Matte f l s . v e h i c l e

Day-G1 o

Velex TR-052

Tack reducer

Day-G1 o

Vulkan K

Carbon b l a c k

Cabot

Wallkyd 11-151

Alkyd (35% i n o d o r l e s s M . S . )

Rei chhol d

WWX-1041

Wax

Carroll

XAMA-2

Crossl i nker

Red 2

UnCarbide
C i ba-Gei gy

Zinc Oxide S o l u t i o n #1 zinc/ammonium s o l u t i o n

Johnson

Z i n p l e x 15

U1traAdhes

Crossl inker

70-MM-2230 Green Shade Phthalo Blue F l u s h

BASF

Overprint Varnishes

63

General Purpose OPV (Joncrvl 16791


Primary Purpose:
T h i s i s a general purpose OPV w i t h adequate g l o s s and hardness
f o r most general purpose uses. The f o r m u l a t i o n can be used as a
guide, t o a l l o w t h e f o r m u l a t o r f l e x i b i l i t y i n approaching t h e
more e x o t i c requirements o f some OPV's.
Formu 1a :
J o n c r y l 678
J o n c r y l 77
Z i n c Oxide S o l u t i o n #1
Jonwax 26
Sodi um Hydroxi de
Bubble Breaker 748
Water

Wt%

Section VI

Suppliers' Addresses

8.80
59.00
5.90
10.00
1.90
0.20
14.20

Formula J o n c r y l 1679
OPV f o r Wet L i t h o (CDX-562)

P r i m a r y Purpose:
OPV f o r i n - l i n e and o f f - l i n e c o a t ngs on l i t h o g r a p h c p r i n t e d
surfaces using epic-type a p p l i c a t o r s
Formul a :
J o n c r y l 678
J o n c r y l 77
J o n c r y l 89
Jonwax 26
Ammon ia
I PA
Water
W e t t i n g Agent
Preservative
A n t i -foam
Typical C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
T o t a l N o n - V o l a t i l e : 38.5-40.5s
V i s c o s i t y : 100-300 cps
pH: 8.5-9.0
Lbs. /Gal l o n : 8.5-9.0
Formula CDX-562

SOURCE: SC Johnson Polymer: Suggested Formulations

Wt%
7.0
40.0
20.0
10.0
1.5
4.0
13.8
3.0
0.2
0.5

Suppliers' Addresses

A i r P r o d u c t s 8 Chemicals
Box 2662
A l l e n t o w n , PA 18001
(215)-481-4911/(800)-345-3148

CDI D i spersions
27 Haynes Ave.
Newark, N J 07114
(201 )-824-1606

Allied-Signal Inc.
P.O. Box 2332
M o r r i s t o w n , NJ 07962

Col umbi an Chemical s Co.


1600 Parkwood C i r c l e
S u i t e 400
A t l a n t a , GA 30339
(404)-951-5700/(800)-235-4003

(201)-455-5010/(800)-526-0117
American Cyanamid Co.
Cytec I n d u s t r i e s
5 Garret M t Plaza
West P a t e r s o n , N J 07424
(201)-357-3309/(800)-443-0443
Argus D i v .
W i t c o Corp.
520 Madison Ave.
New York, NY 10022
(212)-605-3645/(800)-634-4010

Croda I n c .
7 Century D r
Parsippany, NJ 07054
(201)-644-4900
DayGlo C o l o r Corp.
4515 S t . C l a i r Ave.
C l e v e l a n d , OH 44103
(216)-391-7070

(201)-316-3939/(800)-426-8709

Degen Co.
200 Kel l o g g S t .
P.O. Box 5240
J e r s e y C i t y , NJ 07305
(201)-432-1192

BYK-Chemi e USA
524 South Cherry S t .
P.O. Box 5670
W a l l i n g f o r d , CT 06492

Degussa Corp.
65 C h a l l e n g e r Rd.
R i d g e f i e l d Park, N J 07660
(201 )-641-6100

Cabot Corp.
Cab-0-Si 1 D i v .
R t e 36W
T u s c o l a , I L 61953
(2171-253-3370

Dow Chemical USA


M i d l a n d , M I 48674
(800)-447-4369

BASF
100 C h e r r y H i l l Rd.
P a r s i ppany, N J 07054

Calgon Corp.
P.O. Box 717
P i t t s b u r g h , PA 15230
(412)-787-6700/(800)-422-7266
Cas Chem I n c .
Cambrex Co.
40 Avenue A
Bayonne, N J 07002

(201)-858-7900/(800)-227-2436

Dow C o r n i n g Corp.
Auburn, M I 48611
(517)-498-4000
Drew I n d u s t r i a l D i v
A s h l a n d Chemical I n c .
One Drew P l a z a
Boonton. NJ 07005
(800)-528-1015

123

124

Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish Forrnulaiions

DuPont Co.
1007 Market S t .
W i 1m i ngton, DE 19898

(800)-441-7515
Eastman Chemical Co.
P.O. Box 431
Kingsport, TN 37662

(615)-229-4511/(8OO)-EASTMAN
Exxon USA
P.O. Box 2180
Houston, TX 77252

(713)-656-3636/(800)-44-EXXON

Johnson 8 Son, Inc:


1525 Howe S t .
Racine. W I 53403
(414)-631-3920/(800)-231-7868

S.C.

Lawter I n t e r n a t i o n a l I n c .

990 Skokie B l v d .
Northbrook. I L 60062
(31 2)-498-4700
Magie Bros O i 1 D i v .
Pennzoil Products Co.
9101 F u l l e r t o n Ave.
F r a n k l i n Park, I L 60131

(312)-625-2600
F e r r o Corp.
7050 K r i c k Rd.
Bedford, OH 44146

(216)-641-8580/(800)-321-9946

M c I n t y r e Group L t d .
1000 Governors Hwy
U n i v e r s i t y Park, I L 60466

(708)-534-6200
B.F. Goodrich Co.
9911 B r e c k s v i l l e Rd.
Cleveland, OH 44141

(216)-447-5000

Michelman, I n c .
9089 S h e l l Rd.
C i n c i n n a t i , OH 45236

(513)-793-7766
Henkel Corp.
300 Brooksi de
Ambler, PA 19002

(215)-628-1476/(800)-531-0815

Mobay Corp.
Mobay R d .
P i t t s b u r g h , PA 15205

(412)-777-2000
Hercules I n c .
Hercul es P1aza
Wilmington, DE 19894

(800)-247-4372

Monsanto Co.
800 N. Lindbergh 81vd.
S t . Louis, MO 63167

(314)-694-1000/(800)-325-4330
J.M.

Huber Corp.
907 R e v o l u t i o n S t .
Havre de Grace, MD 21078

(301)-939-3500

Mooney Chemicals I n c .
2301 Scranton Rd.
Cleveland, OH 44113

(216)-781-8383/(800)-321-9696
Humko Chemical D i v .
Witco Corp.
755 Crossover Lane-Ste 216
Memphis, TN 38117

Morton I n t e r n a t i o n a l I n c .
150 Andover S t .
Danvers, MA 01923

(9011-684-7047

(978)-774-3100

I C 1 Resins US

Nalco Chemical Co.


One Nalco C t r
N a p e r v i l l e , I L 60566
(312) -961 -9500

730 Main St.


Wilmington, MA 01887

(617)-658-6600/(800)-225-0947

Suppliers' Addresses

P e t r o l i t e Corp.
6910 E 14 S t .
T u l s a , OK 74112
(918)-636-1601

PMC Speci a1t i es Group


20525 C e n t e r Ridge Rd.
Rocky R i v e r , OH 44116
(216)-356-0700/(800)-543-2466
PPG I n d u s t r i e s I n c .

3938 P o r e t t D r i v e
Gurnee, I L 60031
(708)-244-3410/(800)-323-0856
R e i c h h o l d Chemicals, I n c .
525 N. Broadway
W h i t e P l a i n s , NY 10603
(914)-682-5700/(800)-431-1920

Sutton Laboratories
116 Summit Ave.
Chatham, NJ 07928
(201 ) -635-1551
3M

3M C e n t e r
S t . Paul, MN 55144
(612)-733-5454

U l t r a Additives Inc.
460 S t r a i g h t S t .
Park S t a t i o n , P.O. Box 98
P a t e r s o n , NJ 07543
(201)-279-1306/(800)-524-0055
Union C a r b i d e Corp.
39 O l d Ridgebury Rd.
Danbury, CT 06817

(203)-794-5300/(800)-342-3698
Rheox I n c .
Wyckoff M i l l s Rd.
H i g h t s t o w n . NJ 08520
(8091-443-2320
Rohm 8 Haas Co.
100 Independence M a l l W
P h i l a d e l p h i a . PA 19106
(215)-592-3000
Ross Chemical I n c .
303 D a l e D r i v e
F o u n t a i n I n n , SC 29644
(8031-862-4474

U.S. Aluminum I n c .
Route 202, P.O. Box 2190
F l emi ngton, NJ 08822
(201)-782-5454
U.S. Bronze Powders, I n c .
Route 202, P.O. Box 31
F l e m i n g t o n , NJ 08822
(201)-782-5454

W i t c o Corp.
One American Lane
Greenwich, CT 06831

(203)-552-3382/(800)-634-4010
Shamrock T e c h n o l o g i e s I n c .
Foot o f P a c i f i c S t .
Newark, N J 07114
(201)-242-2999
Shepherd Chemical Co.
4900 Beech S t .
C i n c i n n a t i , OH 43212
(51 31-731 -1 110
Sun Chemical Co.
411 Sun Ave.
C i n c i n n a t i , OH 45232

(513)-681-5950/(800)-343-2583

125