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Element 1

1. Identify the measures that should be taken to prevent slip and trip hazards in an engineering
workshop. Page 1-8
2. Identify the factors to consider when assessing the adequacy of lighting within an open plan
office Page 1-2 Topic Focus Second Paragraph > Factors to consider
3. Explain the procedure for spillage response spillage control and response 1-10 Left Down
4. Identify the main hazards that may be present during demolition of a building 1-17 RHS-Top
5. Identify the safe working practices for the use of a mobile elevating work platform (MEWP)or a
Scissor lift 1-30 RHS down - Topic Focus
6. An independent tied scaffold is to be erected on a building in a busy town centre location.
(a) Outline the precautions that should be taken in order to reduce the risk of injury to members
of the public during erection and use of the scaffold.
Work at height Safety
Prevention of fall of material,
Overhead Line contacts,
Head Protection,
Training,
Condition soil to be checked,
Barricading & Fencing,
Signage
(b) Outline the inspection requirements for an independent tied scaffold. 1-31 LHS down
7. Workers who deal with the public may be subject to violent behavior. (a) Give the meaning of
work-related violence. 1-5 LHS Top Jargon Buster (b) Identify reasons why a member of the
public may behave violently towards a worker risk Factors of violence 1-5 LHS
8. The influence of drugs on workers in the workplace can have a significant effect on health and
safety. (a) Identify possible reasons why a person may be in possession of drugs in the
workplace. Stress, Fatigue, Work load, Personal Reasons, Bad Behavior (Attitude)
(b) Outline control measures that an employer could take in order to reduce the misuse of drugs
in the workplace. 1-7 RHS Drug & Alcohol Policy
9. A three meter deep trench has to be dug across a car park. (a) Identify a range of hazards
associated with the work. 1-33 Hazards of excavation (b) Outline a range of control measures
to be implemented. Pg 1-34 & 1-35
10. Outline precautions to be taken when repair work is to be carried out on the sloping roof of a
building.pg 1-21 LHS sloping roof Paragraph
11. Identify welfare and work environment requirements that should be provided in a workplace. Pg
1-2 Topic Focus Top Minimum Welfare Standards
12. Outline the cleaning and housekeeping requirements in a workplace. 1-13 to 1-14 LHS (till
Flammable Materials)
13. Identify ways in which accidents may be prevented when using portable ladders as a means of
access. Pg 1-25 RHS Safety Precautions
14. (a) Identify hazards associated with the use of a cement mixer. 1-14 RHS Down
(b) Outline control measures that can be used to reduce the risks of injury to operators of a
cement mixer. 1-15 LHS Top
15. Outline reasons why a scaffold might collapse. 1-29 LHS Down Topic Focus
16. Identify the effects of exposure to (i) Hot environments (ii) Cold environments 1-3 LHS
17. Office workers are to relocate to new premises. Excluding welfare facilities, Outline factors
associated with the new workplace that should be considered when reviewing the health and

safety requirements for the workers


1-2 LHS Down - Factors ..for lighting & 1-3
(Temperature)
18. Outline precautions that should be taken in order to minimize the risks to persons working at
sub-zero temperatures in cold stores.
1-3 RHS down - cold environment Preventions
19. An organization is to temporarily increase the size of its workforce due to product demand.
Outline requirements of the workplace that will need to be considered with reference to the
health, safety and welfare of the entire workforce. 1-2 & 1-3 Welfare, lighting, Temperature
Element 2
1. Identify the control measures that could be implemented to reduce the risk to pedestrians in areas
where vehicles are maneuvering. 2-3 LHS Down (Work environment, Vehicle and Driver)
2. Outline the means by which the risk or accidents from reversing vehicles within a workplace can
be reduced. 2-4 LHS Top- Topic focus
3. Outline precautions that should be taken when leaving a fork-lift truck unattended 2-4 RHS
Topic Focus - Parking
4. Outline factors that should be considered when assessing the risk of an incident while driving at
work. 2-9RHS TO 2-11 LHS (Driver, Vehicle, Journey)
5. (a) Outline reasons why a vehicle may not be able to stop effectively.
Slip Surface
Improper Maintenance
Uneven Surface
Incompetent Driver
Brake not working properly
Not good Visibility
Over Speed
Aggressive Driving

6.

7.

8.
9.

(b) Outline activities associated with vehicles when they are not moving that could result in risk
of injury. Pg 2-2 RH below Topic focus Non Movement Related Hazards
(a) Identify four ways in which people can be injured by vehicles in the workplace.
2-1 & 2-2 LHS
(b) Give ways in which a vehicle driver who is not competent may put the safety of people in the
workplace at risk. He will do Collisions with Pedestrians & Collision with Vehicles, Breaking
Traffic rules,
(c) Identify issues that should be included in training programme for vehicle drivers in order to
reduce the risk of accidents to themselves and other people. 2-5 LHS Down Topic Focus,
Checklist, Defensive Driving techniques
Following the introduction of forklift trucks into a workplace, several collisions have occurred.
Give reasons why the physical layout of the workplace may have contributed to the collisions.
2-3 LHS Down - Work place environment
Outline factors that could cause a forklift truck to overturn. 2-2 LHS topic Focus
Outline control measures that could be implemented in order to reduce the risk of pedestrians in
a warehouse where separate traffic routes cannot be provided
2-3 to 2-5 Risk Assessment (workplace environment, Vehicle, Driver)

Element 3
1. Display screen equipment (DSE) workstation user has complained of neck and back pain.
Identify the features associated with the workstation that might have contributed towards this
condition. 3-3 Left - DSE Risks
2. Identify factors that could contribute towards the development of work-related upper limb
disorders (WRULDs) affecting supermarket checkout workers. 3-2 Right Side Topics Focus Task Factors

3. A worker is manually loading boxes of components onto metal shelves. (a) Identify FOUR types

4.
5.

6.
7.

8.
9.

of injury that the worker could suffer while carrying out this activity. 3-6 Right 3-7 Left
(b) Outline the factors in relation to the load that will affect the risk of injury with Manual
Handling. 3-8 Left
Outline the specific hazards associated with the use of battery- powered fork-lift truck 3-15 Left
and identify the precautions necessary in each case 3-16 Left
(a) Identify the possible risk to health associated with the use display screen equipment (DSE).
3-3 Left
(b) Identify the features of a chair to ensure it is suitable for use at a DSE work station 3-4
Outline a good handling technique that could be adopted by a person required to lift a load from
the ground. 3-10 Safe Lifting Technique
A group of production line workers are required to check the operation of padlocks manually as
the last stage of a manufacturing process. A number of cases of work related upper limb disorders
(WRULDs) have been reported amongst these workers. (a) Outline the specific casual factors
that may have contributed to the condition. 3-5 Left - Factory Assembly
(b) Outline the measures that should be considered in order to minimize the risk of WRULDs to
these workers. 3-5 Left down Control Measures
Identify possible causes of a mobile crane overturning on a construction site. 3-18 Left Top
Outline factors to be considered when undertaking a manual handling assessment of the work
undertaken by baggage handlers at a large, busy airport. 3-7 Left - T I L E

10. In a factory, a conveyor system is used to transfer manufactured articles to the warehouse area.
Identify the control measures to be taken to reduce the risk of injury to workers from the
conveyor 3-17 Left Down - Precautions
11. A goods lift that usually carries meals from a ground floor kitchen to the first floor of a restaurant
has broken down. Until the lift can be fixed, workers will have to carry meals from the kitchen to
the eating area on the first floor. Outline factors to consider when undertaking a manual
handling assessment of this activity. 3-7 left Manual Handling Risk Assessment (T I L E)
12. In order to minimize the risk of injury when carrying out a manual handling operation:
(a) Identify types of mechanical that can be used to assist the manual handling operation.
(4) 3-9 Left Use Handling Aids
(b) Other than using mechanical aids, outline ways to reduce the risks that could be presented by
the load. 3-9 Right Modify the task, Load and Environment, Individual
Ergonomic MSD Factor 3-2 RHS T E E
Manual Handling Risk Assessment 3-7 LHS T I L E
Minimizing Manual Handling Risk - 3-8 RHS U A E 3
13. An Engineering workshop uses an overhead crane to transport materials.

(a) Identify reasons why loads may fall from this crane. 3-18 Left Down Precautions (1, 8,
9,10)
(b) Outline precautions that should be taken in order to prevent accidents to workers at ground
level when overhead cranes are in use. 3-18 Left Complete Precaution bullet
14. Several large boxes of leaflets have been delivered to the reception building of a workplace.
Workers have been requested to move the boxes to the mailing department located in the
basement on the floor below. Outline precautions that could be taken in order to minimize the
risk of injury from this manual handling activity. 3-8 Right U A E3
Element 4
1. (a) Identify four hazards associated with the use of a photocopiers. 4-16 Left
(b) Outline the precautions that should be taken to reduce the risk to the health and safety of
photocopier users. 4-16 Left
2. With respect to the operation of machinery, (a) identify the merits, the limitations of two handed
controls as a safety device. 4-13 Left Down
(b) Outline types of sensitive protective equipment (trip devices) that could be used in addition to
two-handed controls in order to improve safety.4-13 Left Top
3. Outline the measures to be taken to reduce the risk of accidents associated with the routine
maintenance of machinery 4-3 Left Topic Focus
4. (a) Identify the issues that should be considered to help ensure that work equipment is suitable
for use. 4-1 RHS - Suitability
(b)Identify measures that could be taken to help ensure that an item of work equipment
remains in a suitable condition. 4-2 LHS & RHS
Restricting use, Information, Training, Maintenance, Inspection & Testing)
5. Outline four types of guard used on machinery and in each case, identify a workplace
application. 4-11 & 4-12 ( Fixed, Interlock, Adjustable)
6. A portable electric drill is being used on a building site. (a) Other than electricity, identify FOUR
hazards associated with the use of drill. 4-17 RHS - Top
(b) Outline FOUR precautions that could be taken to reduce the risk to workers. 4-17 RHS
Down
7. Outline control measures to reduce the risk to workers when using non-powered hand tools.
4-5 LHS - Down
8. An employer has installed new item of machinery. Outline the factors to be considered before the
machine is put into use.4-1 to 4-4 (Suitability, Restricting Use, Maintenance, Equipment
Control, Lighting, Space and Operators)
9. Identify non-mechanical hazard associated with machinery and give an example in each case.
4-10 RHS Topic Focus and Examples from 4-16 to 4-17 (Photocopier > Electricity, Paper
Shredder Electricity, Ergonomic, Bench Top Grinder Abrasion, Pedestal Drill Noise)
10. (a) Identify four hazards associated with the use of a bench top grinder. 4-17 LHS- Top
(c) Other than a guard, outline four control measures that could be introduced to reduce risk to a
worker using a bench top grinder. 4-17 LHS Down - Protection
11. (a) Identify specific risks associated with the use of pedestal drill. 4-17 RHS Top
(b) Outline precautions that are required to prevent injury when using a pedestal drill.
4-17 RHS Down

12. Employers are required to provide adequate information, instruction and training in the safe use
of work equipment.
(a) Identify categories of workers who should receive information, instruction and training in the
safe use of work equipment. Operators, Admin Staff, Maintenance Staff
(b) Outline issues that could be included in such information, instruction and training. 4-2 Left
(Information, Instruction & Training High risk, Low risk, Maintenance Information)
Element 5
1. Outline the factors to consider when determining the frequency for the inspection and testing of
electrical equipment. 5-13 LHS - Topic Focus (A T M W I F E)
2. Outline how fires could be caused by electricity. 5-4 LHS - Electric Fire and Explosion
3. Identify four factors that could affect the severity of injury resulting from contact with electricity
5-3 LHS - Topic Focus
4. Identify the effects in the human body in a severe electric shock 5-2 RHS - Tabular Column
5. Portable electrical equipment, for use at work, should be in good condition and free from defect.
(a) Outline features of portable electrical equipment that should be checked by the user before
use. (6) 5-5 LHS- Topic Focus (Reverse all the points)
(b) Identify additional features of portable electrical equipment that should be inspected during
periodic formal inspection by an appointed person. (2) 5-11 RHS - Topic Focus
6. In relation to the use of electrical cables and plugs in the workplace
(a) Identify four examples of faults and bad practice that could contribute to electrical accidents
5-11 RHS - Topic Focus (Reverse) + Wet Condition+ Improper Earthing + Not using PPEs
like electric gloves
(b) Outline the corresponding precautions that should taken for each of the examples identified.
5-11 RHS Topic Focus
7. Identify electrical hazards that could be discovered by a visual inspection.5-12 Left Top
8. Outline control measures that could be used when working with electrical equipment in a
workplace. 5-5 RHS Side Topic Focus + Competent Person + Inspection & Maintenance +
Eathing + Reduced & Low Voltage
9. Outline precautions that should be taken in order to prevent electrical contact when:
(a) Excavating near underground cables 5-10 RHS - Striking buried cables
(b) Working in the vicinity of overhead power lines 5-10 RHS - Contact with overhead power
lines
Element 6
1. Substantial changes are to be made to the internal layout of the workplace. Outline factors to
consider when reviewing the fire risk assessment.6-6 RHS - down
2. With respect to design features of a building (a) identify two types of emergency warning
systems that can be installed in the building to help ensure that all workers can be made aware of
the need to evacuate the building. 6-13 Manual alarm, Automatic Alarm
(b) Outline six structural measures that can help to prevent the spread of fire and smoke.
6-10 to 6-11
3. With reference to the fire triangle, outline the factors that could increase the risk of a fire starting
in a motor vehicle repair workshop. 6-1 LHS (Fire Source Diesel, Gas Cylinder, Tyre,Paper;
Ignition Source Electric Spark, Exhaust Spark, Welding Spark, Cigarette Spark;)

4. (a) Identify the principles (or significance) of the fire triangle 6-1 Left (b) Identify three
methods of heat transfer and outline how each contributes to the spread of fire.6-2 RHS - Topic
Focus
5. Outline the requirements for the safe evacuation of persons from a building in the event of a fire.
6-17 LHS
6. Identify eight common causes of fires in the workplace. 6-3 LHS
7. Identify precautions that would need to be considered before welding work can commence. 6-9
RHS - Topic Focus
8. Outline the general role a fire marshal would be expected to undertake in an emergency
evacuation of a workplace in the event of a fire. 6-20 LHS Fire Marshall
9. Outline suitable control measures for safe storage and use of highly flammable liquids in the
workplace. 6-10 LHS Topic Focus
10. Outline control measures that may be needed to help ensure that persons with sensory
impairments and/or physical disabilities may be evacuated safely in the event of fire. 6-21 LHS
11. A small fire has started in a motor car repair workshop and is currently contained to a waste bin
holding cardboard packaging material.
a. Outline sources of ignition that may have started fire. (Electric spark from flex, spark from
bike exhaust, Electric Spark from battery, Friction spark from mechanical tools during
operation)
b. Identify reasons why a water extinguisher would be the most appropriate to tackle this small
fire and give the reason why the fire would be extinguishing using it. Card board fire is a
Class A fire & water is the best extinguisher , Works by cooling the fire
c. If the fire is not extinguished quickly, explain how the transmission of heat may cause this
fire to spread to other parts of the workplace. Conduction through the materials (Bike Parts,
available . Convection because of the hot air current
Element 7
1. (a) Identify the health risks associated with exposure to blood borne viruses. (b) Identify the
workplace circumstances where a worker could be exposed to blood borne viruses. (c) Outline
precautions that will reduce the risk from exposure blood borne viruses. 7-25 LHS
2. (a) Identify the health risks associated with exposure to the leptospira bacteria. (b) Identify the
workplace circumstances where leptospira bacteria may be present. (c) Outline precautions that
will reduce the risks from exposure to leptospira bacteria. 7-26 LHS & 7-26 RHS
3. Outline factors to consider when undertaking an assessment of health risks for a hazardous
substance. 7-7 RH topic Focus
4. A hazardous chemical is to be used to clean the internal walls within a working factory
environment. Outline the control measures that should be taken in order to reduce the risks to
health during this cleaning activity.
MSDS, Select PPE, Hand gloves, Face Mask, (full face shield, Safety shoes, Cleaning tools,
eye wash station and washing facilities, First aid provision, full body apron, proper work at
height precautions
5. (a) Identify four possible ill health effects that can be caused from working with cement
7-25 Right bottom.
(b) Outline control measures to reduce the risk of exposure to cement., 7-26 Top Left

6. An organization uses small quantities of toxic chemicals


a.Identify four possible routes of entry of toxic substance in to the body 7-4 Right topic
focus & 7-5 Left Topic Focus
b.Explain the difference between acute and chronic health effects 7-3 LHS Top
c. Identify the sources of information which could be used in the assessment of risk of toxic
substances - 7-8 LHS & RHS Product Label & MSDS
d.Outline the control measures that might be required in order to minimize risk to worker
7-14 Principles of Good Practice
7. Identify the information that should be included on a materials safety data sheet supplied with a
hazardous substance 7-8 RHS Topic Focus
8. Outline factors to consider when selecting respiratory protective equipment (RPE) to give
suitable protection against exposure to airborne substances.. 7-20 LHS Topic focus
9. (a) Identify forms of biological agents. 7-1 RHS Down
B Outline control measures to reduce the risks of ill-health from exposure to biological agents.
7-23 LHS
10. Outline factors that could reduce the effectiveness of a local exhaust ventilation (LEV) system.
7-16 LHS Down
11. An Organization produces a range of solid and liquid wastes, both hazardous and non-hazardous.
Outline arrangements that should be in place to help ensure the safe storage of the wastes prior to
their collection and disposal. 7-29 LHS Down
12. As part of a cleaning process, solvent is to be sprayed on to components before being painted.
(a) During the spraying process, identify the forms that the solvent could take. 7-1 RHS top
(Mist & Vapor)
(b) Outline control measures that could be taken in order to help reduce the risks of exposure
to this solvent. 7-14 principles of good practice+ PPE + LEV
13. Workplace exposure limits (WELs) are set for hazardous substances. (a) Identify the two types of
exposure limit. 7-12 RHS Top (STEL & LTEL)
(b) Outline two purpose of WELs. 7-12 RHS TOP Paragraph (Workplace exposure..)
(c) Outline the limitations of WELs.7-13 LHS
14. (a) Identify the health risks associated with exposure to legionella bacteria. 7-26 LHS
(b) Outline precautions that will reduce the risks from exposure to legionella bacteria. 7-26 LHS
15. (a) Identify the health risk associated with exposure to silica dust 7-26 RHS Down
(b) Identify the workplace circumstances where silica dust may be present
(c) Outline precautions that will reduce the risk from exposure to Silica dust
Element 8
1. Identify four types of engineering control that may be used to reduce noise in the workplace and
give a practical example of each. 8-4
2. (a) Outline the possible health effects from exposure to high level of noise. 8-1 LHS Top
(b) Give two examples of noise control techniques other than personal hearing protection that
would protect against the noise. 8-4 (except Hearing Protection)
3. A maintenance worker regularly uses a hand held grinder and is exposed to vibration. (a) Identify
the symptoms that the worker may experience due to this exposure.8-7 Left (b) Outline six
control measures that can be used to reduce the risk from vibration. 8-8 LHS & RHS (Vibration
Exposure Control)
4. Other than those associated with the physical environment, Outline possible work-related causes
of increased stress levels amongst workers. (8-15 LHS Down & RHS causes of stress)

5. (a) An Organization has identified that noise measurements in the workplace are required.
Give the meaning of the following terms: 8-2 Terminology
(i)
Frequency,
(2)
(ii)
Decibel (dB), (2)
(iii)
A weighting. (2)
(c) Identify types of noise measurement technique.
(2) 8-3 LHS Top (Simple Sound
meter)
6. (a) Identify health effects that may be caused by ionizing radiation. 8-11 LHS (b) Outline the
main control measures to reduce the effects of exposure to ionizing radiation. 8-11 LHS & RHS
(Protection from ionizing)
7. (a) Identify two types of non-ionizing radiation and give an occupational source of each. 8-12
LHS (Non ionizing)(b) Outline the health effects associated with exposure to non-ionizing
radiation. 8-12 RHS
8. A hospital has installed an X-ray facility.
a. Identify the principles health effects associated with exposure to X-ray radiation. (4) 8-10
RHS - X ray paragraph
b. Outline the control measures that could be taken to reduce the risks to the operator from
exposure to X-ray radiation. 8-11 LHS (Time, Distance, Shielding)