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‘communicating with signals @ Communicating with Signals Atm Signals for Numbers One-Hand Signals for Numbers Field Operations Signals Signals to Crane Operators | {Eland and arm signals have been a part of communications since the beginning of s, even in this age of electronic communications, ind signals than it is to speak due to equipment noise; orit becomes necessary when batteries fail. Sometimes hand and arm signals Fede enly means of communication for persons who speak diferent languages, Without hand and arm signals, construction methods could be more difficult oy time consuming. For these reasons, iis the responsiblity of the field engineer to uickly learn hand and arm signals that are used on the construction sie, Some ‘examples are shown on the following pages. 242 © chapter two ‘communication ARM SIGNALS FOR NUMBERS ‘There are several methods of communicating numbers by arm signals. The method shown below is one which has been in use for several years, Itis a logical method. Also, the recipient ofthe signals doesn't have to think if the right arm or the left arm is being used to create the signal because it doesn't matter. Therefore, many of the illustrations below show two persons, one showing the signal withthe right arm, ‘and the other showing the signal withthe left arm. Each isa correct way to show the same signal. In this method, also, it ean be noted that the signals for numbers ‘one through five are combined to ereate the signals for numbers six through nine. It's a very easy system to learn and use Communicating with signals © ONE-HAND SIGNALS FOR NUMBERS Shen using an instrument while holding a clipboard in one hand, and maybe a fet of plans under that arm as well, itis advantageous tothe instrument person to be able to communicate with one hand instead of two. ‘The following hand finals allow person to signal a prism holder to move away or towards the instrument a specific distance © chepter two FIELD OPERATIONS SIGNALS Pick up end Move right or tet come ahead Me | want ine Good No Good ir Thisis Clear ine - Down or Up benchmark Tear soe i Close ograde This satuming purty sg oy Pointorineeda Plumb rod turning point (move arm slowly) 214 ‘communicating with signals @ Point In some types of arm signals, the amount of movement to the point is ‘communicated by the length of time the arm is held out tothe side. To move five {eet or more to get on line, the arm is held in the ditection needed until the rod holder gets close to line, Often, the rod holder will go past line. and he signalor's ‘ther arm will have to be held out to compensate for going too far. Once the sod holder gets within a foot or so, the arm is moved slowly inthe direction necded ‘As the rod holder moves closer, the arm movement becomes very quick, The final ‘movements by both arms as the rod gets closer and is held exactly om the line of sight, both arms are waved at the side to indicate, "Good. Moves untl stopped ‘Arm moving continuously in tection pointed, Indicates to move in that rection unt stopped. ‘top by waving both arms. Moves very slightly (Quick arm movement indicates to move slightly In direction that arm is pointed.