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Lecture:17-18

wefvMxq gvgjvi

Important to remember

Z`i evcvi hv wKQz KiYxq ev


eRbxq
(Some dos and don'ts of Departmental Proceedings)
ByM. ZILLUR RAHMAN barrister,mba

Philosophy of Law/School of
Law/Jurisprudence.?

i.e..........
Law is nothing, but the application of common sense.
No law can be made with retrospective effect.
Supremacy of the constitution: If there is conflict between the two
laws, constitution will prevail (i.e.- Art-7 of Bdesh Constitution)
Laws inconsistent with fundamental rights to be void (i.e.- Art-26
of Bdesh Constitution): Exception-Disciplined Force, Art-45
An Investigator/Magistrate/Judge must follow~

(i) Principal of natural justice


(ii) Principal of reasonable opportunity

What is

Crime.....?

Definition:
-Activities that involve breaking the law.
- An illegal act or activity that can be punished
by law.

What is Misconduct..?

What is the difference among Crime,


Offence & Misconduct..?

Crime is specially related with criminal


offence. Crime also relates with civil offence
too. Violation of civil court judgment
tantamount to criminal offence.
Misconduct only relates with
departmental proceedings.
Offence relates with all criminal, civil &
departmental wrong.
9

How to Prove & disprove an


Offence.....?
Actus rea (Conduct)
-Act/Silence/Omission
- Consequence
- Surrounding circumstances

Mens rea (State of Mind)


-Recklessness
- Negligence
- Intention
Note: Please remember to be an offence: 3 elements of
actus rea & at least 1 element of means rea is essential.
10

What is
What is

Burden of Proof.?
&
Standard of Proof.?

11

In UK System
Burden lies with the plaintiff/ complainant.
An accused is innocent, until & unless proved
otherwise.

In France System
Burden lies with the accused/ defendant.
An accused is guilty, until & unless proved
otherwise.
12

Conditions for Punishment-Criminal Offence;

An accused is innocent until and unless proved


otherwise.

If require acquit 100 criminals, but dont punish 1


innocent person.

Accused will get benefit of doubt.

An accused can not be a witness.

Burden of proof always lies with the Complainant/


Prosecution/State, and Standard of proof always beyond
reasonable doubt, means 100%, not even 99%.

Punishment usually i.e. Imprisonment (including death


sentence), Fine or Both.
13

Conditions for Punishment-Civil Offence;

An accused is innocent until and unless proved otherwisethis


principle is not applicable in civil trial.

If require acquit 100 criminals, but dont punish 1 innocent


person.... this principle is not applicable in civil trial.

Accused will get benefit of doubt.... this principle is not


applicable in civil trial.

An accused can be a witness.

Burden of proof always lies with the person who is


complaining (Complainant/Respondent), and Standard of
proof always on the balance of probabilities, means usually
51%.

Punishment usually i.e. Fine, Compensation, Title/Ownership


or Both.
14

Sources of Law
Legal Sources
Constitution
Legislation/Statute (i.e. Act, Ordinance,
Rules/Regulations, Order)
Common Law/Judicial Precedent/Case Law

Non-Legal Sources
Convention
Customs
15

Misconduct in Employment
GUv Awekvm njI mZ h Misconduct A_ev
Am`vPiY kwUi Kvb msv Kvb kg AvBb
`Iqv nqwb| myZivs G kwU wbq gvS gvS
Avgv`i ek Svgjvq coZ nq| Ze GUv mZ h
Mis A_vr Bad ev Lvivc Conduct gvb Behaviour ev
^fve| myZivs Misconduct ev Am`vPiY ejZ Avgiv
mvavibZt Lvivc eenvi ev To conduct amiss to
mismanage, wrong or improper conduct.... cfwZ
eywS| G cm fviZi KvjKvZv nvUKvU
ejb The intentional doing of something which the doer
knows to be wrong or which he does recklessly, not caring
what the result may be. [Bengal Nagpur Railway Co. vs.
Moolji Air 1930 (Al. 851)]
Contd.
16

Bangladesh Labor Code, 2006~


As per Sec-23(4) of Bangladesh Labor Code, 2006~ wbgwjwLZ

KvR Kiv Am`vPiY ewjqv MY nBe, h_v (K) Dcii Kvb AvBbmsMZ ev hywmsMZ Av`k gvbvi
GKKfve ev Abi m msNe nBqv BQvKZfve
AevaZv;
(L) gvwjKi eemv ev mw mK Pzwi, cZviYv ev
AmvayZv;
(M) gvwjKi Aaxb Zvnvi ev Ab Kvb kwgKi PvKzix
msv evcvi Nyl MnY ev c`vb;
(N) webv QzwUZ AfvmMZ AbycwwZ A_ev QzwU bv
wbqv GK m `k w`bi AwaK mgq AbycwwZ;
(O) AfvmMZ wej^ DcwwZ;
(P) cwZvb chvR Kvb AvBb, wewa ev cweavbi
AfvmMZ jsNb;
(Q) cwZvb DQsLj ev `vsMv nvsMvgvg~jK AvPiY,
A_ev ksLjv nvwbKi Kvb Kg;
(R) KvR Kg AfvmMZ MvwdjwZ;
(S) cavb cwi`kK KZK Abygvw`Z PvKzix msv,17
kOLjv ev AvPiYmn, h Kvb wewai AfvmMZ
jsNb|

miKvix KgPvix (kLjv I Avcxj) wewagvjv, 1985-Gi


2(Gd) Abyhvqx Am`vPiY ewjZ myeev ev PvKwii
kLjvi c wZKi ev miKvix KgPvix (AvPiY)
wewagvjv, 1979 Gi Kvb weavbi cwicw, A_ev GKRb
KgKZv ev f`jvKi c AbywPZ wkvPvinxb Kvb
AvPiY eySvBe Ges wbv KvhKjvcI Bnvi Afy
nBet

1|
DaZb KgKZvMYi AvBb msMZ
Av`k Agvb,
2|

KZe Pig Aenjv,

3|
Kvb AvBb msMZ KviY eZxZ miKvix
A`k, wew Ges wb`kbvi cwZ Aev, Ges
4|
Kvb KZci wbKU Kvb miKvix
KgPvixi wei bM, weiwKi, wg_v A_ev
ZzQ AwfhvM m^wjZ `iLv ck|
18

kvwg~jK eevi c`cmg~n


(Step in Disciplinary Action)
1|
2|
3|
4|
5|
6|
7|
8|
9|

cqvRb cv_wgK Z` (Preliminary Enquiry, if required)|


AwfhvMc MVY (Framing Charge-Sheet)|
AwfhvMc c`vb (Delivery of Charge-Sheet)|
AwfhvMci Reve weePbv Kiv (Consideration of
Explanation)|
Z` Awdmvii gbvbqb (Selection of Enquiry Officer)|
Z`i bvwUk c`vb (Issuing Enquiry Notice)|
mwVK AvfixY Z` (Proper Domestic Enquiry)|
Z`Kvix Awdmvii wicvU (Report of the Enquiry Officer)|
KZci viv Z` wicvU weePbv Kiv (Consideration
of Enquiry-

Report by the authority)|


10| kvwi Av`k (Awarding Punishment)|
11| kvwi Av`k Rvix Kiv (Delivery of Punishment Letter)|

12 | Allowing Appeal, (if any)


19

From Case Law(s) :

* Z`i 2wU principal AekB gvbZ


ne(i) Principal of natural justice
(ii) Principal of reasonable opportunity
* Departmental Enquiry-Gi Evidence Act chvR bq|
* Enquiry is quasi-judicial (Aa wePvwiK)|
* cybtZ` mwVK bq| Ze wekl AwaKZi
Z` wbw` points Gi Dci nZ cvi|
* Authority Z`Kvix KgKZvi mv_ GKgZ cvlb
bv Ki AwfhyK h Kvb ` Avivc A_ev `vqgy
KiZ cvib and that is correct procedure.

* kvwi Av`k KLbv AvMi/c~ei ZvwiL _K


(with retrospective effect) KvhKix Kiv hve bv (i.e.
retrospective effect/back date w`q Kvb AvBb Kiv nj,
Zv Aea ne)|
* Z`Kvix Awdmvi Zvi Z` cwZe`b Kb
Awfhy ew `vlx ejQb Zvi my KviY ejZ
ne| ay `vlx ejjB Pje bv|
* Avfixb Z` wmv `IqvUv evaZvg~jK|
Kvb wmv bv _vKj m Z` wicvU ne
AvBbi PvL m~Y A_nxb|
* IO/wePviK Cross examined/Leading question KiZ
cvie bv| aygv information Gi Rb Kvb ck
wRvmv KiZ cvib| mvx`i mv MnYi mgq
Examination in Chief AvKvi wbZ ne, Cross AvKvi
bqv hve bv Ze G Awfhy Riv Kivi myhvM
cve|

* wbg c`, ji wbg avc bvgvbv,


c`vbwZ ev eZb ew wMZKiY..... BZvw`i
Av`k `qv nj, Zv KZw`bi Rb KvhKi ne,
Zv AekB Av`k DjL KiZ ne|
* kvw c`vbKvix KZc (Competent Person)
Qvov kvwi Av`k c`vb Kiv nj mUv AvBbi
`wZ Aea ne|
* `ywU AvBbi ga Conflict `Lv w`j
Awfhy/delinquent h AvBb ekx myweavw` cveb,
D AvBb-B Zvi Dci KvhKi ne|
* Z` PjvKvj Z`Kvix Awdmvi/IO hw` gb Kib
h Kvb ck ev ge AvcwKi ev AcvmwK
Zvnv wZwb evwZj/Expunge KiZ cvib|

*
AwfhvM cgvYi Rb KZRb mvxi cqvRb
Zvnvi Kvb aiv evav wbqg bvB| aygv
AwfhvMKvixi eei Dci wfw Ki Awfhy
KgPvixi PvKzix Pj hZ cvi Ges mUv
m~Y ea|
*
Kvh weeiYx Z` KgKZvK wbR nvZ
wjLZ ne, Ab KD wjLj Pje bv| Ze AvaywbK
enquiry-Z hnZz GKRb Z`Kvix KgKZvK
mnvqZv Kivi Rb GKRb Conducting Officer _vK,
m KvhweeiYx Z` KgKZv bv wjL
Conducting Officer wjLj m Amyweav bvB|
* Z` KwgwUi KwgwUi h Kvb GKRb
KvhweeiYx wjLZ cvi|
*

Kvb miKvix KgPvix Aciva msNUb Kij Zvi

* IO/Z`Kvix KgKZv KLbB Awfhy/delinquent


Gi wbg c`i nZ cvie bv|
mKj delinquent/Awfhyi mvgb ^vx MnY
KZ ne| Ze hywmZ KviY delinquent AbycwZ
_vwKj Zvnvi AbycwwZZ Enquiry Kiv hveBnvK Exparte enquiry /Absentia trial ejv nq|
*

* hywmZ KviY Qvov IO cwieZb Kiv hve bv,


hw` cwieZb Kiv nq, Ze mwU Note sheet G
AekB KviY DjL KiZ ne Ges hywmZ KviY
_vKv AvekK| Ze Awfhyi Avcwi KZci
AbygwZg IO cwieZb Kiv hve|

* Avfixb Z` public enquiy bq| ZvB hviv G


NUbvi mv_ Kvb fveB RwoZ bq Zviv G Z`i
mgq mLvb DcwZ _vKZ cvie bv|
Ggb Kvb ewK Z` Kievi `vwqZ `Iqv
hve bv whwb m NUbvi mgq DcwZ wQjb
A_ev Kvb fve m NUbvi mv_ mswk wQjb|
*

* Avfixb Z`i evcvi Kvb AvBb bB| GUv


GKUv wePviK`i Mov AvBb| ZvB Avfixb Z`
KvR ay IB mg KgKZv`i wbqvM Kiv
DwPZ hv`i G evcvi weklfve cwkY `Iqv
25
AvQ| Ab_vq Z` fzj ne Ges Gi dj kl ch

Z`Kvix AwdmviK wbR nvZ Z`i KvhweeiYx wjLZ ne


G evcvi wZwb Ab Kviv mvnvh wbZ cvieb bv| Ze m
Z` hw` Kvb KwgwUi gvag Kiv nq Ze m Z` KwgwUi h
Kvb m`m m Z`i KvhweeiYx wjLZ cvieb|

gvbyli iYkw Lye Kg| ZvB NUbv NUvi ci ciB Z`i eev
Kiv DwPr hvZ Ki NUbv gb _vKZ mvxMY Zv`i ee
Z`Kvix Awdmvii mvgb w`Z cvib|

Z`Kvix AwdmviK AvBb welq cwZ nevi Kvb cqvRb


bvB| Ze wZwb AekB Z` cwiPvjbv Kievi Rb h vb _vKv
cqvRb m vbi AwaKvix neb| Avi Z` wZwb wbicfve
Ges wePvii ^vfvweK wbqg (Principles of natural justice)
Abymvi Kieb|

hZ`yi me Z` GKRb Z`Kvix Awdmvii gvagB Kiv DwPZ|


GZ myweav AbK| Ze cqvRb nj KZc Kvb Kvb
GKwU KwgwUi gvagI Z` KvR cwiPvjbv KiZ cvib| wK
G gb ivLZ ne h KwgwUZ hviv m`m m`m AvQb Zviv
hb Kvb Z`i Awfhy Pq c` ( In Rank and Status) QvU bv
nb|
26

ee kl nj cZK mvxK Zvi ee co


kvbvZ ne Ges cqvRb nj m ee
mskvaY ev cwieZbI Kiv hZ cvi Ges eei
kl mB mvxi mvi wbZ ne|

Awfhy KgPvixi wei hw` GKi ekx


AwfhvM _vK Ze Z` KgKZvK Z`i
kl cZKwU AwfhvMi evcvi c_Kfve
wmv w`Z ne|

Avfixb Z` cwZvbi evBii jvKI mvx


wnmve DcwZ nZ cvi| Ze m wZwb h
ci c mv `eb m c Z`i mgq Z`Kvix
Awdmvii mvgb ZvK DcwZ Kivii evcvi
eev wbe| G evcvi Z`Kvix Awdmvii
wKQz Kivi bB|
27

* Z`i

kl
Z`Kvix
AwdmviK
Z`
KvhweeiYxi cwZwU cvZvq ^vi KiZ ne
Ges Awfhy KgPvixi ^viI wbZ ne|

* Awfhy KgPvix hw` Z` KvhweeiYxZ ^vi


KiZ bv Pvq Ze G evcvi Rvi Kivi Kvb
cqvRb bB| KvhweeiYxi bxP (A_vr h h
cvq Awfhy KgPvix ^vi KiZ A^xKvi,
KiQb) Z`Kvix Awdmvi wbRi nvZ wjLeb
Awfhy KgPvixK GLvb ^vi KiZ ejvq
wZwb Rvbvjb h wZwb GLvb Kvb ^vi
Kieb bv|
* Z` KvhweeiYxZ bvB Ggb Kvb welq ev
NUbv Z` Awdmvi AekB weePbv Kieb bv|
28

evsjv`k msweavb
* No man can be punished without giving him a fair opportunity of selfdefense, A_vr KviY `kvbvi bvwUk Qvov KvDK kvw c`vb
Kiv hve bv, Ze Probation/Training wcwiqW Kvb Stigma c`vb bv
Ki KviY `kvbv evwZiKB PvKzix _K AenwZ c`vb Kij Zv
e-AvBbx nb bv| Bangladesh Constitution Art. 135(2)
*
Presidents Immunity; aygv ivcwZ hZY ch wZwb
ivcwZi Avmb AwawZ _vKeb ZZY ch ivcwZi wei
Kvb dR`vix I `Iqvbx gvgjv iRy Kiv hve bv| ivcwZ Qvov
evsjv`ki mKj bvMwiK (cavbgxmn) dR`vix Aciva Awfhy
nj `vq GovZ cvieb bv| Art. 51, Bangladesh Constitution.
*
evsjv`k msweavbi Art 35(2) Abyhvqx GKB Aciva Kvb
ewK `yBevi wePvi Kiv hvq bv| Ze Kvb miKvix KgPvix
dR`vix Aciva Awfh~ nj Zvi wei GKB mv_ dR`vix I
29
wefvMxq eev MnY Kij mUv GKB Aciva `yBevi wePvi bn|

evsjv`k `wewa
* Kvb miKvix KgPvix (cavbgx I ivcwZmn) hw`
official capacity Z mij wekvm Kvb Kvh mv`b (civil
or criminal) Kib, mUv Aciva wnmve MY ne bv|
(evsjv`k `t wet aviv- 76 _K 106)|

30

dR`vix Kvhwewa
* aygv clerical mistake Qvov kvwi Av`k c`vbKvix
KZc GKevi Av`k c`vb Kij mUv Avi cwieZb
Kiv hve bv| Ze Avcxj KZc D kvw evovZ/
KgvZ cvi| (Cr.P.C. 369)
* Kvb miKvix KgPvix (virtually 1g kYxi KgKZv,
hviv miKvii Abygv`bg AcmviYhvM) Kvb Av`vjZ
Zv`i wei gvgjv Avgj bevi miKvii
c~evbygwZ wbZ ne| Cr.PC.197

31

Labor Code, 2006


Regarding Departmental Proceedings for a worker; you must go
thoroughly Sec-23, 24, 26 & 27 of Labor Code, 2006.
Sec-23(4): Definition of Misconduct
Sec-24: Dos & donts of Departmental Proceeding.
Sec-26: An Employer can dismiss a worker without D. Proceedings.
Sec-27: A worker can resign anytime, but..

32

Discipline & Appeal Rule,1985

33

The Govt. Servants Dismissal on Conviction,1985

34

Contd..

35

Thank You