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PLAN

Developmental

Domains

TIME: 9:05

DURATION: 60 minutes

School

*A student is allowed to have a paper on the side to copy the questions and do

his calculations on the side during mental math. The rest of the students have to

solve the questions in their heads. He is allowed to be writing and using his

pencil the whole time during mental math.

He might need additional help and some one-on-one time when working on the

questions in the numbers workbook.

OBJECTIVES

(CURRICULUM

DOMAIN)

Students will:

Learn and understand new math concepts

Learn about decomposing numbers

Practice their listening skills and solve math problems in their heads

Listen to the instructions

Understand that it is okay to make mistakes and that they are practicing

their math skills during mental math

Correct their partners work and ask questions when they dont understand

Understand that there are many ways to decompose a number

Understand the difference between standard form, expanded form and

decomposing a number

Understand the difference and meaning of value and position

MATERIALS

27 students

White board

Smart board

Numbers workbook

Math stencils duo tang

Mental math handout

PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCIES:

Competency 3: To develop teaching/learning situations that are appropriate to the students concerned

and the subject content with a view to developing the competencies targeted in the programs of study.

-Decomposing numbers is a new section/concept for the students therefore it is important to teach it

effectively by giving additional examples outside of the book to explain it to the students. It is also

important to show the different ways of decomposing a number and comparing them to other ways by

using base ten blocks, addition, or subtraction. I will guide the students by explaining the questions one

by one and asking the students if everything is clear and if they have any questions before we go on to

the next step.

Competency 4: To pilot teaching/learning situations that are appropriate to the students concerned

and to the subject content with a view to developing the competencies targeted in the programs of

study.

-Students will participate in the learning of decomposing numbers by reading the paragraph in the book

and giving additional examples to decompose a number. Students will be reading and asking questions

when they dont understand. It is important to show the concept in many different ways so that the

students have a variety of techniques to do these math problems. When correcting mental math along

with the class, I will be giving mini lessons because I will be going over the concepts covered and

explaining each question by questioning the students on why they got that answer.

Competency 6: To plan, organize and supervise a class in such a way as to promote students' learning

and social development.

-Clear instructions will be given at the beginning of mental math. If students are not doing what they

are asked or are not listening they will either be asked to put an X in that box or they will be reminded

to put their pencils down or to listen. I will only repeat the question twice, students are aware of this

and they should be listening and thinking/calculating their answer in their heads.

Competency 2: To reason using mathematical concepts and processes

-Students will be participating in a mental math lesson which includes 10 questions that they need to

solve using only their thinking. No papers, or writing should be done except writing the answer down

when they are asked to. They will also be learning a new concept about decomposing numbers where

they will be shown different examples to decompose a number. They will then need to solve these math

problems in their workbook individually by using what they have learnt and their prior knowledge of

working with numbers.

TIME

15

minutes

LESSON

Introduction

Ask the students to take out their math stencils duo tang and to open it to the mental math

handout.

Remind them that there should only be a pencil and an eraser on their desk.

*There should not be any scrap paper to calculate. The students should only be doing the

calculations in their heads.

Say the questions out loud and repeat them twice.

Give the students enough time to think about the question and count in their heads. While

they are trying to find the answer look around and make sure that all pencils are down and

that no one is writing.

Start with question #1 : 14+5

Repeat it twice, wait a minute and tell them to write your answer.

Look around the classroom and when you see that all students are done writing, remind them

to put their pencils down and go on to the next question

*Do this for all ten questions.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

14 + 5

18 - __ =11

6x3

280 x 10

How many tens are in the number 218?

How do we call an angle that is 90 degrees?

Which fraction is greater: 4/12 or 7/12 ?

What is the place value of the digit 6 in the number 736 ?

Draw

10. 9

15

minutes

Correcting

When all ten questions ask the students to switch their duo tangs with other groups. Choose

the groups that switch yourself and then correct them with the class.

Write down the ten numbers on the board and as you go write the question beside it, so that

they can see it visually up on the white board.

TIME

LESSON

Choose the students if they have their hands up to say the answer.

*If they have the wrong answer ask them how they got that answer. Once another student

says the right answer, ask them to explain how they got it.

Question 4: 280 x 10

*Students should already know the trick when multiplying by 10 is to add a 0. It is

the first time multiplying by 10 with a 3 digit number and that also ends with zero, so

I am guessing that many students will leave the answer as it is and write 280.

When correcting I will remind the trick to the students and tell them that it is always

applicable when multiplying by 10 even though there is already a 0 at the end they

need to add another one.

Give the students another example such as 20 x 10 to make sure they understand the

concept of adding a 0 when multiplying by 10.

Question 5: how many tens are in the number 218

Write down 218 and ask the students which digit is in the tens place. Then ask them where I

should place my arrow and draw it out on the board. Explain to them that it is everything to

the left of the arrow therefore the answer is 21.

Question 6:

Draw out on the board what a 90 degree angle would look like.

*To make sure that they know the difference ask them what is the name of a 45 degree angle

and a 120 degree angle.

Question 7:

Draw in a box what 4/12 would look like and what 7/12 would look like so that the students

may see it visually. It will be much easier to get the answer.

Question 8:

Ask the students in what place value is the digit 6. Both units and ones are accepted as an

answer.

Question 9:

Students should have already drawn their answer in their small box. As long as 3 boxes or

triangles are shaded out of 4 it is accepted.

Draw it out on the white board also.

TIME

LESSON

Question 10: 9

Explain to them that 9 % 3 is the same as if I asked 3 x ? = 9

Division is multiplication done backwards, but if they know their multiplication table they

should know their division. The biggest number in the division problem is the answer to a

multiplication problem.

Give them another example such as 4 % 2 is the same as 2 x ? = 4

Put away their math stencils duo tang.

30

minutes

Section 3

Ask the students to take out their numbers workbook and open to section 3 page 12 & 13

Read the title out loud to the class and pick a student who has their hand up to read the

paragraph at the top of the page.

Read out the example given to the student which is the number 150 and explain to them that

there are many different ways to decompose a number.

There is one way that is shown that they already know : expanded form 100 + 50

Explain to the students that it is one way to decompose a number but there are many other

ways

100 + 10 + 10 +10 + 10 +10 : explain it using base ten blocks

100 + 30 + 20 is the same as 100 + 50

200 - 50

Explain to the students that they are allowed to use addition and subtraction in order to find

ways to decompose a number.

Give another example than the one in the book using the number 40 and write it on the white

board.

Ask the students to give out some of the ways to decompose this number

Students will mostly say:

20 + 20

30 + 10

10 + 10 + 10 + 10

TIME

LESSON

50 10

Once they have given enough forms ask them if they have any questions and start explaining

the questions that they should complete on page 12 and 13 in the workbook.

1) Read question 1 and explain to the students that they are all in expanded form which they

already know how to do. They need to write the number in standard form in the box and

then put a symbol in the circle.

Explain to the students that the symbol is always opening on the side of the bigger number.

(Pacman opening its mouth)

Do the first one a) with the students

2) Read question 2 and ask the students what is the definition of value

Explain to the students that value is written in number and place value or position is written

in words.

Do the first one a) with the students

3) Read question 3 and explain that every number in standard form matches a number

written in a decomposed way and that they must match them in different colors to show

which ones are equivalent.

4) Read question 4 and tell the students that they must do the same as the example given on

the top of page 12. They can also refer to the example given on the white board. They must

decompose the number 4312 in 4 different ways using addition or subtraction.

Let the students work individually and circulate around the classroom while they are

working.

If there are mistakes that you recognize guide the student to a better understand of the

question and do it along with them.

If the students are not finished pages 12 and 13 there are for homework for next class.

The questions will be corrected on the smart board as a class on the next math class (usually

the next day)

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