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Unit 2
Heat is transferred from one place to
another by three different processes.

Chapter 6

Heat Transfer
Heat transfers from a hot object to a
cold object.
Heat moves NOT cold
Something cold is really just
something less hot

## 3 Types of Heat Transfer

1.Conduction
2.Convection

1. Conduction
Particle movement:
the particles in an object vibrate in place
but collide with neighbouring particles
passing kinetic energy to them.

## State(s) in which it occurs:

Can happen in Solid, liquid and gas
Best in solids worse in gases

## The particles stay in position!

Examples of conduction
Cooling on a stove

Ice packs

## Conduction mini experiment

Comparing conduction
Do some materials conduct better
than others?

2. Convection
Particle movement:
When heated the particles gain energy,
spread out, become less dense and rise.
As it cools, the particles lose energy, get
closer together, become more dense and
sink.

## State(s) in which it occurs:

Can happen in liquids and gas
Not in Solids!

Examples of Convection
Boiling water on the stove
Can you think of
other examples?

Convection Demonstration
convection currents using a
convection box or convection tube

Particle movement:
No particles!!
electromagnetic waves carry energy
from a source to another object.

## State(s) in which it occurs:

Any or none! No state necessary
Can occur in the vacuum of space

Fireplace
Sunlight

## 3 ways radiant energy transfers

1. Reflect: bounce of shiny, smooth
surfaces
2. Absorb: Taken in by rough, dull
coloured surfaces (gets warmer)
3. Transmit: Moves through glass,
plastic, paper.

Interactive:
http://www.pbslearningmedia.org/asse
t/lsps07_int_heattransfer/
Online Practice:
http://www.webquest.hawaii.edu/kahi
hi/puzzles/energytransfer/index.php

## Core Lab Activity!

Activity 6-1D
Absorb That Energy
Page 184

Home Heating!
Brainstorm: How do we heat our homes?
The Past

The Present

## Home Heating Technology

Wood stove
Electric Heaters
Oil Furnace
Air to Air Heat Pump
Geothermal
Solar

Oil furnace

Air to air

Geothermal

Core STSE

to Heat Homes

## Conductors Vs. Insulators

Thermal
Conductor
Allows Heat to
Transfer

Thermal
Insulator
Prevents Heat
from Transferring

metal are better
than others)

## Ex. Wood, plastic

Thermal conductors
Allows heat to travel

Thermal insulators
Keeps Items Warm!

## Animal Fur animals/humans

Sod houses in the past
Fibreglass houses in the present
Thermos - food

## How does a thermos work?

A vacuum exists
between the layer
No particles means
little heat transfers!

Try it out!
Interactive mini-lab
http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/scienc
eclips/ages/8_9/keeping_warm.shtml

## Heat Vs. Temperature

Heat: The energy which is transferred from
hotter substances to colder ones.
Note: cold doesnt move, heat does!

energy
Temperature: the
average energy

## Specific Heat Capacity

Specific Heat Capacity: Measures
the amount of heat transferred
The amount of heat needed to raise
the temperature of 1.00 g of a
substance by 1.00C.

## Specific Heat Capacity

High specific heat capacity takes a lot
of heat to warm up
A lot of heat transfers

## Low specific heat capacity takes only

a little heat to warm up
Only a little heat transfers

substances

## Which has a higher Specific Heat

capacity?
Water or soil?

On a hot day which warms up more
quickly the water or sand?

## Which has a higher Specific Heat

capacity?
Water or soil?
Soil!

On a hot day which warms up more
quickly the water or sand?
Sand! It cools more quickly as well

Question 1
Why do metal objects often feel
colder than the surrounding air
temperature?

Question 1
Why do metal objects often feel
colder than the surrounding air
temperature?
Not because the metal is colder
Metal has a low specific heat capacity, it will
quickly absorb heat!
The heat from our hands is transferred to the
metal quickly
This makes our fingers cold the metal feels
cold!

Question 2
Why does a piece of aluminum
foil feel cool after taken out of
the oven for only minutes?

Question 2
Why does a piece of aluminum foil
feel cool after taken out of the
oven for only minutes?
The aluminum has a low specific heat capacity.
It quickly takes in heat, but also loses it quickly
It doesnt take much heat to warm it up so it
will lose that small amount of heat quickly

Question 3
Why should you be cautious when
eating an apple pie which has been
taken from the oven for twenty
minutes?

Question 3
Why should you be cautious when
eating an apple pie which has been
taken from the oven for twenty
minutes?
The apple pie has a high specific heat capacity.
It takes a lot of heat to warm it up so it will
take a long time to lose all of that heat!

Interactive
comparing specific heat interactive:
http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/educat
ion/pd/oceans_weather_climate/media
/specific_heat.swf

## Heat and Technology

The need to stay warm have led to
many new technologies (past and
present)
Make a list of heat-technologies with
a partner (come up with as many as
possible!)

## Page 216-17 Qs: 3, 4, 12, 13, 18,

19, 26, 31, 35 & 40