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# 20/02/2016

Topic2

QUESTIONSHEET1

(a)3A/21
1
=1.5A
11

(b)6V
11

(c)resistance=V/I
11
=6/1.5
11
=4
11

TOTAL/6

QUESTIONSHEET2

(a)5+10
11
=15
11

(b)I=V/R
11
=3/15
11
=0.2A
11

bytheunit.Sometimesnounitisgivenandyouareexpectedtosupplyit.Itisacommonmistaketoleavethe

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QUESTIONSHEET3
6v

(a)

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symbolscorrect
11
2and4resistorsinparallel
11
5resistorinseries
11

(b)resistanceofparallelresistorsgivenby

11

11

11
sototalresistance=
11

+5=

(c)

11
=0.95A
11

Forparallelresistors,itissometimeseasiertousetheexpressionProduct/Sumforthetotalresistance.
i.e.hereweget24/(2+4)=8/6=4/3

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QUESTIONSHEET4

(a)(i)Poweroflampis6W
11
whenusedon12V
11

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(ii)6W=6J/s
11
5minutes=300s
11
energytransferred=3006
11
=1800J
11

(b)(i)I=P/V=6/12
11
=0.5A
11

(ii)R=V/I=12/0.5
11
=24
11

(c)Nodifference
11
24Vsharedbetween2lamps/pdacrosseachlampis12V1

Power is the rate of transferring electrical energy into other forms in this case, heat and light.A 6 W lamp
transfers6Joulesofelectricalenergyintoheat&lighteachsecond,since1W=1J/s.
TheformulaP=I/Visoneyouneedtoknow.

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QUESTIONSHEET5

(a)(i)0.610/20
11
=0.3A
11

(ii)0.6+0.3
11
=0.9A
11

(b)V=IR
11
0.610or0.320
11
=6V
11

Currentisinverselyproportionaltotheresistanceaslongasthepdisconstant.Sohalfthecurrentflowsthrough
theresistorthatistwiceasbig.

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QUESTIONSHEET6

(a)

11
R=5
11

(b)10+5
11
=15
11

(c)currentthroughsingleresistor=V/R=6/151
=0.4A
11
currentthroughparallelresistors=0.2A
1

In many questions, the value of the parallel resistors is the same. In this case, the total resistance is half the
valueofone.

TOTAL/7

QUESTIONSHEET7

(a)(i)2+5+10
11
=17
11

(ii)1/R=1/2+1/5+1/10
11
=8/10
11
R=10/8=1.25
11

(b)Currentlargerin(ii)
11
currentinverselyproportionaltoresistance
11
smallerresistancemeanslargercurrent
11

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QUESTIONSHEET8

(a)
11

=4

=21

Totalresistance=2+4=6
1 1

(b)I=V/R
11
=12/6
11
=2A
11

(c)R=4+3
11
=7
11
I=12/7or1.7A
11

(d)R=3+6=9
11
I=V/R=12/9
11
=1.33A
11

TOTAL/11

QUESTIONSHEET9

(a)C
11

(b)(i)acompletepath
11
forelectricitytoflow
11
whenconnectedtoavoltagesupply

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11

(ii)A&D(both)
11

Noelectricityflowsinthelastcircuit,becausethecellsaretheoppositewayroundfromeachother,
sotheycancelout.

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QUESTIONSHEET10

(a)switchshownineitherofthepositionsindicated
1

(b)Parallel
11

(c)1.5/3
11
=0.5A
11

(d)12V
1

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QUESTIONSHEET11

(a)Resistanceincircuitalterscurrent
11
ammeterresistancemustbelowsoitdoesntaffect
currentflow
11

(b)(i)Inparallelacrosscomponent
11

(ii)voltmetermusthavehighresistance
11
littlecurrentflowsthroughvoltmeter
11
mostcurrentflowsthroughcomponent
11

Fortwoparallelresistors,1/R=1/R1+1/R2.Soifoneresistor(thevoltmeter)R2hasahighresistance,1/R2
isverysmallandthetotalresistanceisalmostthesameaswithoutthevoltmeter.

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QUESTIONSHEET12

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(a)

axeslabelled+units
11
correctplotting
22
smoothcurvedrawn
11

(b)(i)no
11

(ii)thegraphisnotastraightline
11
orV/AR
11

(iii)filamentlamp
11

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QUESTIONSHEET13

(a)Voltageisproportionaltocurrent1
forametalconductoratconstanttemperature1

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(b)

circuitsymbolscorrect1
ammeterinseries1
voltmeterinparallel
1
variableresistorinseries1

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QUESTIONSHEET14

(a)A=metalwire
11
B=diode
11
C=lampfilament
11

(b)A
11

(c)C
1

AnohmicconductorobeysOhmslaw,soagraphofIagainstVmustbeastraightlinethroughtheorigin.

TOTAL/5

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QUESTIONSHEET15

(a)(i)

MACHINE

twoswitches
11
inseries
11
withmachine
11

(ii)eachswitchmustbeabletoturnoffmachine
11

(b)switchesnotinseries
11
eachmustbeabletoswitchlightonoroff
11
needstwoparallelpartsofcircuit
11

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QUESTIONSHEET16

(a)SetupOhmslawcircuit

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11
measurepdacrosswireandcurrentthroughit
Testcomponent
1
measurelengthofwire
11
changelengthofwireandrepeatexperiment
1
1
1

(b)(i)

Length(cm)

Resistance()

(ii)aslengthincreases1
resistanceincreases
directlyproportional1

(iii)aslengthvaries,resistancevaries
11
currentvaries
11
andlightdimsorbrightens
11

Thefirsttwoorthreemarksofthisquestioncouldbeobtainedbydrawingalabelleddiagram.

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QUESTIONSHEET17

(a)A=battery
11
B=lamp/lightbulb
11
C=switch
11
D=variableresistor
11

(b)variescurrentinacircuit/actsasdimmerswitch
1

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QUESTIONSHEET18

(a)(i)1.5V
11
(ii)0V
11
(iii)3.0V
11
(iv)1.5V
11
(v)1.5V
11

(b)carbulbneeds12v
11

(c)increases
11

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QUESTIONSHEET19

(a)silvertooexpensive
11

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(b)copperistooheavy
11

(c)rubberandPVC
21

(d)waterwillconductelectricity
11
wouldgetshockwithwethands
11

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QUESTIONSHEET20

(a)Oneconnectedafteranotherinline
21

(b)240/20
11
=12V
11

(c)bulbfrom40bulbsetuses6v
11
highervoltagewouldcauseittoblow
11

(d)(i)fusewouldblowrepeatedly
11

(ii)faultwouldnotblowfuse
11
couldbedangeroustooperator
11

TOTAL/9