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Anglais

scientique
pour les prpas
Catherine Baldit-Dufays
Marie-Annick Durand

Dunod, Paris, 2010


ISBN 978-2-10-055475-1

Table des matires


Introduction
Liste non exhaustive des concours scientiques :
Anglais LV1
Liste non exhaustive des concours scientiques :
Anglais LV2

vii
viii
xi

Vocabulaire thmatique franais/anglais

La Recherche/Research
Les Mathmatiques/Mathematics
La Physique/Physics
La Chimie/Chemistry
La Mdecine/Medicine
La Gntique/Genetics
La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology
and Paleontology
Lcologie/Ecology
Le progrs, source de pollution/Progress as a
source of pollution
LEspace/Space
LInformatique/Computer Science
Les Sciences Industrielles/Engineering

3
10
18
29
47
62
68
84
93
103
111
120

Lexique anglais/franais

127

Fiches mthodes

193

Mthodologie de lpreuve crite


Mthodologie de lpreuve orale
Lexique pour agencer les ides

195
196
198
v

Influential scientists
A brief history of the National Health Service
in the U.K.
A brief history of the health care system in the USA
A brief history of ecology in Britain
A brief history of ecology in the USA
A brief history of space in Britain
A brief history of space in the USA
A brief history of computer science
A brief history of genetics

vi

214
218
219
222
223
224
225
226
228

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

Introduction
Les preuves d'anglais des concours d'entre aux grandes coles sont relativement
varies en termes de format et de contenu si l'on considre l'ensemble des sections
scientiques. Il convient donc chaque tudiant en classe prparatoire de bien
cibler les exigences de chaque examen an d'apprendre le vocabulaire le plus prcis
et spcique possible.
Les sciences sont l'honneur dans la grande majorit des textes soumis l'crit et
l'oral. Il n'y a pas une question de socit qui ne fasse intervenir des connaissances
en sciences de l'environnement, en informatique, en gntique ou en mdecine
tant donn le contexte mondial actuel. Une argumentation de qualit est attendue dans les essais des Concours Communs Polytechniques, de l'ENS ou encore
de Polytechnique.
C'est la raison pour laquelle nous avons compil un lexique thmatique franais/
anglais qui permet tout tudiant en MP, PC, PSI ou BCPST d'avoir un bagage
susant pour exprimer ses ides aussi bien l'crit qu' l'oral. Le lexique alphabtique anglais/franais sert quant lui de rfrence linguistique pour l'entranement la lecture d'articles scientiques et bien entendu la version, notamment
la version scientique aux ENS.
Cet ouvrage se veut galement un outil mthodologique qui doit permettre
l'tudiant dsirant d'amliorer ses comptences stylistiques, non seulement de
structurer sa pense, mais aussi d'illustrer, d'introduire, de rsumer, dargumenter
et nalement de conclure ses essais. Des conseils mthodologiques, un lexique
permettant d'organiser ses ides dans des phrases et des paragraphes, mais aussi
des biographies de scientiques remarquables et des ches donnant un bref historique sur des thmes ayant trait la science compltent ce manuel.
Nous esprons vivement que cet ouvrage sera une aide prcieuse et ecace, non
seulement pour les concours, mais aussi tout au long de vos tudes scientiques.
Good luck !

Nous remercions toutes les personnes qui nous ont apport leur aide lors de la
conception de cet ouvrage.

vii

Liste non exhaustive des concours


scientiques : Anglais LV1
COLE
Mines-Ponts

viii

CRIT
1h30
* Thme littraire ou journalistique.
* 2 questions sur un texte
crit en anglais : question 1 :
comprhension des ides
de lauteur (70-120 mots) ;
question 2 : prise de position sur un thme plus
gnral (110-200 mots).

ORAL
Document crit.
Prparation : 20 mn.
Prsentation : 20 mn.
Rsum, analyse, entretien.

Centrale-Suplec 3h
* Version journalistique.
* Contraction croise
(120 mots).

Document crit (choix


parmi plusieurs textes).
Prparation : 40 mn.
Prsentation : 20 mn.
Choix du texte justier.
Rsum, analyse, lecture
dun paragraphe avec raison
du choix, traduction dun
court passage donn par le
jury.

CCP

2h
* Version journalistique.
* Contraction croise
(130 mots).
* Essai (200 mots).

Document audio.
Prparation : 20 mn.
3 coutes.
Prsentation : 20 mn.
Rsum, analyse, entretien.

e3a
e4a

3h
* Version journalistique.
* Essai sur le sujet de la
version (200-250 mots).
* Thme grammatical de
20 phrases.

Se renseigner dans chaque


cole.

Liste non exhaustive des concours scientifiques : Anglais LV1

COLE
Polytechnique

CRIT
1h30
* Version littraire.
1h30
* 2 questions sur un texte
crit en franais : question 1 :
comprhension des ides de
lauteur (120-150 mots) ;
question 2 : prise de position sur un thme plus
gnral (180-200 mots).

ORAL
* Document crit.
Prparation : 30 mn.
Prsentation : 20 mn.
Tonalit du texte, rsum,
analyse, entretien.
* Document audio.
Prparation : 15 mn.
3 coutes.
Prsentation : 10 mn.
Prsentation des personnalits, du thme, des ides,
entretien.

ENS

2h
* Version journalistique et
scientique.
* 2 questions sur le texte
(100 mots minimum
chacune).

Document crit.
Prparation : 30 mn.
Prsentation : 20-25 mn.
Lecture dun passage,
rsum, analyse, entretien.

ENAC

2h
* QCM : 80 questions de
vocabulaire, de grammaire
et de comprhension sur
plusieurs textes trous.

Document audio.
Prparation : 20 mn.
Prsentation : 15 mn.
Rsum, analyse, entretien.

cole de lAir

Fait partie de la banque des


CCP.

Anglais obligatoire loral.


* Document crit.
Prparation : 30 mn.
Prsentation : 30 mn.
Analyse (10 mn maximum),
questions durant et aprs
lexpos.
* Document audio.
Test de comprhension de
conversation courante
(20 mn maximum).

MP/PC/BIO

ix

Liste non exhaustive des concours scientifiques : Anglais LV1

COLE
Banque Agro

G2E

CRIT
2h
* Version littraire.
* Thme littraire.

ORAL
* Document crit.
Prparation : 30 mn.
Prsentation : 20 mn.
Rsum, analyse, entretien.
* Document vido.
2 coutes.
Sans prparation.
Prsentation du contenu.
* Document crit.
Prparation : 20 mn.
Prsentation : 20 mn.
Analyse, commentaire et
entretien.
* Document audio ou vido.
2 coutes.
Sans prparation.
Prsentation du contenu.

Remarque :
Tout exercice dexpression crite, que ce soit sous forme de contraction de texte
ou dessai, se fait dans la langue anglaise.

Liste non exhaustive des concours


scientiques : Anglais LV2
COLE
Mines-Ponts

CRIT

CentraleSuplec

CCP

Polytechnique

ORAL
Document crit.
Prparation : 20 mn.
Prsentation : 20 mn.
Rsum, analyse,
entretien.
Document crit (choix
parmi plusieurs textes).
Prparation : 40 mn.
Prsentation : 20 mn.
Choix du texte justier.
Rsum, analyse, lecture
dun paragraphe avec raison
du choix, traduction dun
court passage donn par le
jury.

1h
QCM : 8 questions de
comprhension et 10 de
lexique sur un texte en
anglais, 21 questions de
grammaire et de structure.
* Document crit.
Prparation : 30 mn.
Prsentation : 20 mn.
Tonalit du texte, rsum,
analyse, entretien.
* Document audio.
Prparation : 15 mn.
3 coutes.
Prsentation : 10 mn.
Prsentation des personnalits, du thme, des ides,
entretien.
xi

Liste non exhaustive des concours scientifiques : Anglais LV2

COLE
ENS
MP/PC/BIO

xii

CRIT
2h
* Version journalistique et
scientique.
* 1 question sur le texte
(100 mots minimum).

ORAL

Banque Agro

* Document crit.
Prparation : 30 mn.
Prsentation : 20 mn.
Rsum, analyse, entretien.
* Document vido.
2 coutes.
Sans prparation.
Prsentation du contenu.

G2E

* Document crit.
Prparation : 20 mn.
Prsentation : 20 mn.
Analyse, commentaire
et entretien.
* Document audio ou vido.
2 coutes.
Sans prparation.
Prsentation du contenu.

Fiches mthodes

Lexique anglais/franais

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

La Recherche/Research

Acclrateur

Accelerator

Acoustique

Acoustics

Arodynamique

Aerodynamics

Agrobiologie

Agrobiology

Aimant

Magnet

Alchimie

Alchemy

Ampoule

Bulb

Analyse

Analysis

Anode

Anode

Anthropologie

Anthropology

Anthropologue

Anthropologist

Appareil

Device

Archologie

Archaeology

Archologue

Archaeologist

Astronomie

Astronomy

Astrophysicien

Astrophysicist

La Recherche/Research

Astrophysique

Astrophysics

Avance

Advance

Balance

Scale(s)

Ballon

Flask

Base

Basis

Batterie

Battery

Bec Bunsen

Bunsen burner

Biochimiste

Biochemist

Biologie

Biology

Biologiste

Biologist

Biophysicien

Biophysicist

Biophysique

Biophysics

Blouse

Lab coat

Budget consacr la recherche

Research budget

Catalyseur

Catalyst

Cathode

Cathode

Cerveau

Brain

Chalumeau

Blow-torch

Champ dtude

Field of study

Chercheur

Researcher

Chimie

Chemistry

Chimie inorganique

Inorganic chemistry

Chimie organique

Organic chemistry

Chimiste

Chemist

Cintique

Kinetics

Comit, commission

Panel

Comparaison

Comparison

Compteur

Meter

Condensateur

Capacitor

Coupelle

Cupel

Coupe transversale

Cross-section

Creuset

Crucible, mortar

Cuve

Vat

Cyberntique

Cybernetics

Dcouverte

Discovery, nding, nd

Dcouverte majeure

Breakthrough

Challenge

Der, lancer un d

To challenge

Dvelopper

To develop

Domaine de recherches

Research area

Donner des rsultats

To yield results

Dynamique

Dynamics

chantillon

Sample

lectrode

Electrode

lectronique

Electronics

Embryologie

Embryology

Embryologiste

Embryologist

Engin

Device

nigme

Conundrum

Entonnoir

Funnel

prouvette

Test tube

prouvette gradue

Burette

tude

Study

tuve

Incubator

Exprience, test

Experiment, test, trial

Expert

Expert

Exploit

Achievement

Faire de la recherche

To do research

Formule

Formula

Four, fourneau

Furnace

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

La Recherche/Research

La Recherche/Research

Gnticien

Geneticist

Gntique

Genetics

Gnie

Genius, mastermind

Gochimiste

Geochemist

Gophysicien

Geophysicist

Gophysique

Geophysics

Groupe dexperts

Think tank

Hotte

Hood

Hydraulique

Hydraulics

Hypothse

Hypothesis

Immunologie

Immunology

Immunologiste

Immunologist

Incubateur

Incubator

Indice

Clue

Informaticien

Computer scientist

Informatique

Computer science

Ingnierie

Engineering

Ingnieur, technicien

Engineer

Innovateur

Innovator

Instruments

Apparatus

Inventeur

Inventor

Invention

Invention

Labo

Lab

Laborantin

Lab assistant

Laboratoire

Laboratory

Lamelle (en verre)

Coverglass

Lentille

Lens

Manomtre

Manometer

Matriel

Equipment

Mathmaticien

Mathematician

Mathmatiques

Mathematics

Mcanique

Mechanics

Mesure

Measure

Mtamorphose

Metamorphosis

Mtorologie

Meteorology

Mthode

Method

Microbiologie

Microbiology

Microscope

Microscope

Nanomtre

Nanometer

Objectif

Lens

Observation

Observation

Optique

Optics

Papier ltre

Filter paper

Papier tournesol

Litmus paper

Perce

Inroad

Perspective

Prospect

Petit gnie

Whiz(z) kid

Phnomne

Phenomenon (plu. -na)

Physicien

Physicist

Physiologie

Physiology

Physiologiste

Physiologist

Physique

Physics

Pile

Battery

Pionnier

Pioneer

Pipette

Pipette

Plateau

Tray

Prlever la pipette

To pipette

Preuve

Proof

Preuves

Evidence

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

La Recherche/Research

La Recherche/Research

Principe

Principle

Prisme

Prism

Processeur

Processor

Processus

Process

Profane

Layman

Progrs

Progress

Progresser

To progress, to advance

Proposer une hypothse

To speculate, to reason

Prouver

To prove

Rayon X

X-ray

Racteur

Reactor

Recherche applique

Applied research

Recherche et dveloppement

Research and development

Recherche fondamentale

Fundamental research, basic


research

Recherches sur le terrain

Fieldwork

Russir

To achieve

Robotique

Robotics

Savant, rudit

Scholar

Scalpel

Scalpel

Science

Science

Scientique (n.)

Scientist

Scientique (adj.)

Scientic

Sismologie

Seismology

Seringue

Syringe

Service de recherche

Research department

Spcialiste

Specialist

Spcialiste des sciences


de la terre

Geoscientist

Stroboscope

Stroboscope

Synthse

Synthesis

Technique

Technique

Thoricien

Theoretician

Thorie

Theory

Thoriser

To theorise

Thermodynamique

Thermodynamics

Thermomtre

Thermometer

Toxicologie

Toxicology

Travaux de recherche

Research work

Trouver

To nd (out)

Tube essai

Sampling tube

Tube en U

U-tube

Universitaire

Academic

Vase bec

Beaker

Vase de Dewar

Dewar ask

Visionnaire

Visionary

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

La Recherche/Research

Les Mathmatiques/
Mathematics

TH EO REM

10

Abscisse

Abscissa

Acclration

Acceleration

Addition

Addition

Additionner

To sum, to add

Adjacent

Adjacent

Alatoire

Random

Algbre

Algebra

Algbrique

Algebraic

Algorithme

Algorithm

Analyse

Analysis

Angle

Angle

Angle aigu

Acute Angle

Angle droit

Right angle

Angle obtus

Obtuse angle

Angle plat

Straight angle

Arc

Arc

Axe

Axis

Barycentre

Barycentre

Base

Base

Binaire

Binary

Boucle

Loop

Calcul

Calculus

Calcul diffrentiel

Differential calculus

Calcul intgral

Integral calculus

Calculer

To calculate

Calculs

Calculations

Carr, au carr

Square

Circulaire

Circular

Au carr

Squared

Centre de masse

Centre of mass

Cercle

Circle

Chiffre

Figure

Circonfrence

Circumference

Combinaison

Combination

Cne

Cone

Constante

Constant

Contigut

Adjacency

Convergent

Convergent

Convexe

Convex

Cosinus

Cosine

Courbe

Curb

Cube

Cube

Au cube

Cubed

Cylindre

Cylinder

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

Les Mathmatiques/Mathematics

11

Les Mathmatiques/Mathematics

12

Dcimale

Decimal

Degr

Degree

Dmonstration

Demonstration

Drive

Derivative

Dessiner

To draw

Diagonale

Diagonal

Diagramme

Diagram

Diamtre

Diameter

Didre

Dihedron (plu. -a or -ons)

Digital

Digital

Direct

Direct

Distance

Distance

Divergent

Divergent

Diviser

To divide

Division

Division

Dodcadre

Dodecahedron

Donnes

Data

Droite (n.)

Line

galit

Equality

nigme mathmatique

Mathematical conundrum

Ensemble

Set

quation

Equation

quation linaire

Linear equation

quation quadratique

Quadratic equation

querre

Set square

quilatral

Equilateral

quivalence

Equivalence

Erreur

Mistake

Erreur de calcul

Miscalculation

Espace

Space

Factoriel

Factorial

Factorisation

Factorisation

Figure gomtrique

Geometrical gure

Fonction

Function

Fondamental

Fundamental

Formule

Formula

Fractal

Fractal

Fraction

Fraction

Gomtrie

Geometry

Gomtrie afne

Afne geometry

Gomtrie analytique

Analytic geometry

Gomtrique

Geometric(al)

Grandeur (dun nombre)

Magnitude

Graphique (n.)

Graph

Graphique (adj.)

Graphic

Groupe ablien

Abelian group

Hexagone

Hexagon

Homologie

Homology

Homothtie

Homothety, homothecy,
dilatation

Horizontal

Horizontal

Hyperbole

Hyperbola

Hypotnuse

Hypotenuse

Identit

Identity

Impair

Odd

Inclusion

Inclusion

Induction

Induction

Ingalit

Inequality

Inni (n.)

Innity

Inni (adj.)

Innite

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

Les Mathmatiques/Mathematics

13

Les Mathmatiques/Mathematics

14

Innitsimal

Innitesimal

Intgral

Integral

Intersection

Intersection

Intervalle

Interval

Inversion

Inversion

Ligne

Line

Limite

Limit

Logarithme

Logarithm

Logique

Logic

Loi

Law

Losange

Rhombus (plu. -buses or -bi)

Mathmaticien

Mathematician

Mdian

Median

Mdiane

Median

Mthode des moindres carrs

Least-squares method

Mettre au carr

To square

Mettre au cube

To cube

Moindres carrs

Least squares

Moyenne

Average

Multiplication

Multiplication

Multiplier

To multiply

Nombre

Number

Nombre complexe

Complex number

Nombre entier

Whole number, integer

Nombre imaginaire

Imaginary number

Nombre impair

Odd number

Nombre ngatif

Negative number

Nombre pair

Even number

Nombre premier

Prime number

Nombre rel

Real number

Octadre

Octahedron

Octogone

Octagon

Ordonne

Ordinate

Pair

Even

Parabole

Parabola (plu. -as or -ae)

Paradoxe

Paradox

Parallle

Parallel

Paralllogramme

Parallelogram

Pentagone

Pentagon

Pente

Slope

Primtre

Perimeter

Priodique

Periodic

Permutation

Permutation

Perpendiculaire

Perpendicular

Polygone

Polygon

Polynme

Polynomial

Pourcentage

Percentage

Pression

Pressure

Produit

Product

Puissance

To the power of

Pyramide

Pyramid

Quadrangle

Quadrangle

Quadrangulaire

Quadrangular, four-angled

Quadrilatre

Quadrilateral, quadrangle

Quadrilatral

Quadrilateral

Racine carre

Square root

Racine cubique

Cube root

Rapport

Ratio

Rapporteur

Protractor

Rayon

Radius (plu. -ii)

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

Les Mathmatiques/Mathematics

15

Les Mathmatiques/Mathematics

16

Rectangle

Rectangle

Rectangulaire

Rectangular

Rexivit

Reexivity

Rsoudre

To solve

Rsultante

Resultant

Srie

Series

Srie gomtrique

Geometric series

Simplication

Simplication

Sinus

Sine

Sommet (3 dimensions)

Apex

Sommet (gomtrie plane)

Vertex

Soustraction

Subtraction

Soustraire

To subtract

Sphre

Sphere

Surface, supercie

Area

Symbole

Symbol

Symtrie

Symmetry

Tangente

Tangent

Thorme

Theorem

Thorme de Pythagore

Pythagoras theorem

Topologie

Topology

Torque

Torque

Totaliser

To total (up)

Tracer

To plot

Traceur graphique

Plotter

Transposition

Transposition

Trapze

Trapezium (GB), trapezoid (US)

Triangle

Triangle

Triangle quilatral

Equilateral triangle

Triangle isocle

Isosceles triangle

Triangulaire

Triangular

Triangulation

Triangulation

Trigonomtrie

Trigonometry

Trigonomtrique

Trigonometric or trigonometrical

Unit

Unity

Valeur

Value

Valeur absolue

Absolute value

Variable

Variable

Vecteur

Vector

Vlocit

Velocity

Vertex

Vertex

Vertical

Vertical

Volume

Volume

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

Les Mathmatiques/Mathematics

17

La Physique/Physics

18

Aberration chromatique

Chromatic aberration

Acclrateur linaire

Linear accelerator

Acclration

Acceleration

Acclration centripte

Centripetal acceleration

Acoustique

Acoustics

Action capillaire

Capillary action

Adhsion

Adhesion

Aimant

Magnet

Ampre

Ampere

Ampremtre

Ammeter

Amplitude

Amplitude

Anrode

Aneroid

Angle critique

Critical angle

Angle de rfraction

Angle of refraction

Angle dincidence

Angle of incidence

Angle limite

Critical angle

Anne lumire

Light year

Antineutrino

Antineutrino

Antinuclon

Antinucleon

Antiparticule

Antiparticle

Appareil

Apparatus

Armature

Armature

Atome

Atom

Atomique

Atomic

Attraction

Pull

Auto-induction

Self-induction

Axe principal

Principal axis

Bande de frquence

Waveband

Bang supersonique

Sonic boom

Baromtre

Barometer

Candela

Candela

Canon lectrons

Electron gun

Cellule photovoltaque

Photovoltaic cell

Celsius

Celsius

Centre de gravit

Centre of gravity

Centre dinertie

Centre of inertia

Chaleur

Heat

Champ de force

Force eld

Champ lectrique

Electric eld

Champ gravitationnel

Gravitational eld

Champ magntique

Magnetic eld

Charge lectrique

Electric charge

Cinmatique

Kinematics

Circuit

Circuit

Circuit en srie

Series circuit

Circuit parallle

Parallel circuit

Cohrence

Coherence

Cohsion

Cohesive force

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

La Physique/Physics

19

La Physique/Physics

20

Composant

Component

Compteur Geiger Mller

Geiger-Mller counter

Concave

Concave

Condensateur

Capacitor

Condensation

Condensation

Conducteur

Conductor

Conduction

Conduction

Connement inertiel

Inertial connement

Constituent

Constituent

Convection

Convection

Corps

Body

Corps lumineux

Luminous body

Couleur primaire

Primary colour

Couleurs complmentaires

Complementary colours

Courant

Current

Court circuit

Short circuit

Dclration

Deceleration

Dcibel

Decibel

Dcrotre

To decrease

Dfaut de masse

Mass defect

Demi-vie, priode

Half-life

Dmultiplication mcanique

Mechanical advantage

Densit optique

Optical density

Dplacement

Displacement

Dsintgrer (se)

To collapse, to decay

Deutron

Deuteron

Diffrence

Difference

Diffracter

To diffract

Diffraction

Diffraction

Diffusion Compton

Compton effect

Diple

Dipole

Disjoncteur

Circuit breaker

Dispersion

Dispersion

Dissonance

Dissonance

Distance

Distance

Distance focale

Focal length

Distorsion

Distortion

Domaine

Domain

Dynamique

Dynamics

cho

Echo

clairement

Illuminance

Effet Doppler

Doppler shift

Effet photolectrique

Photoelectric effect

gal

Equal

lasticit

Elasticity

lectrique

Electric

lectroaimant

Electromagnet

lectromagntique

Electromagnetic

lectromagntisme

Electromagnetism

lectron

Electron

lectroscope

Electroscope

lmentaire

Elementary

Ellipse

Ellipse

En apesanteur

Gravity-free

nergie

Energy

nergie cintique

Kinetic energy

nergie de liaison

Binding energy

nergie potentielle

Potential energy

Enrichissement

Enrichment

Entre

Input

Entrer en collision

To collide

Entropie

Entropy

quilibre

Equilibrium

quilibre statique

Static equilibrium

Vocabulaire thmatique
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tat

State

tude des fondements

Grounding

vaporation

Evaporation

Exactitude

Accuracy

Exprience (en laboratoire)

Experiment

Extrapolation

Extrapolation

Faisceau

Beam

Fibre optique

Fiber optics

Fission nuclaire

Nuclear ssion

Fluide

Fluid

Fluorescence

Fluorescence

Flux magntique

Magnetic ux

Fondamental

Fundamental

Force

Force

Force centripte

Centripetal force

Force contre-lectromotrice

Back-EMF

Force lectromagntique

Electromagnetic force

Force lectromotrice

Electromotive force

Force gravitationnelle

Gravitational force

Force magntique

Magnetic force

Force normale

Normal force

Foyer

Focal point

Frquence

Frequency

Friction

Friction

Fusible

Fuse

Fusion nuclaire

Nuclear fusion

Gaz lectronique

Electron gas

Gaz

Gas

Gnrateur

Generator

Grandes ondes

Long wave

Graphique, diagramme

Graph

Gravitation universelle

Universal gravitation

Gravitationnel

Gravitational

Gravit

Gravity

Hertz

Hertz

Horizontal

Horizontal

Hydrodynamique

Hydrodynamics

Hydrostatique

Hydrostatics

Hyperbole

Hyperbola

Hypotnuse

Hypotenuse

Image relle

Real image

Image virtuelle

Virtual image

Imploser

To implode

Impulsion

Impulse, pulse

Incandescent

Incandescent

Incidence

Incidence

Index de rfraction

Index of refraction

Induction lectromagntique

Electromagnetic induction

Induction magntique

Magnetic induction

Inertie

Inertia

Intensit

Intensity

Interfrence

Interference

Interne

Internal

Ion agit

Excited ion

Isolateur

Insulator

Isotope

Isotopes

Joule

Joule

Kelvin

Kelvin

Kilogramme

Kilogram

Kilowatt heure

Kilowatt hour

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Laser

Laser

Lentille

Lens

Lentille convergente

Converging lens

Lentille divergente

Diverging lens

Lepton

Leptons

Liquide

Liquid

Loi

Law

Loi de Boyle

Boyles law

Loi de conservation

Conservation law

Loi de Coulomb

Coulombs law

Loi gravitationnelle

Gravitational law

Longueur

Length

Longueur donde

Wavelength

Longueur focale

Focal length

Lumen

Lumen

Lumire

Light

Lumire monochromatique

Monochromatic light

Lumineux

Luminous

Magnitude

Magnitude

Masse

Mass

Matire

Matter

Mcanique classique

Classical mechanics

Mcanique ondulatoire

Wave mechanics

Mcanique quantique

Quantum mechanics

Mson

Meson

Mtre

Metre, meter

Miroir convergent

Converging mirror

Miroir divergent

Diverging mirror

Miroir parabolique

Parabolic mirror

Modrateur

Moderator

Moment

Momentum

Mouvement

Motion

Neutrino

Neutrino

Neutron

Neutron

Newton

Newton

Nud, point nodal

Node

Nombre atomique

Atomic number

Nombre de masse

Mass number

Nombre rel

Real number

Normal

Normal

Noyau

Nucleus (plu. -ei), core

Nuage dlectrons

Electron cloud

Nuclon

Nucleon

Oculaire

Eyepiece

Ohm

Ohm

Onde

Wave

Onde de son

Sound wave

Onde de surface

Surface wave

Onde lectromagntique

Electromagnetic wave

Onde lumineuse

Light wave

Onde mcanique

Mechanical wave

Onde stationnaire

Standing wave

Oprande

Operand

Oprateur

Operator

Optique

Optics

Parabole

Parabola

Particule

Particle

Particules alpha

Alpha particles

Particules Bta

Beta particles

Pascal

Pascal

Priode

Period

Phosphorescence

Phosphorescence

Photolectron

Photoelectron

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Photon

Photon

Physicien

Physicist

Pi

Pi

Pizolectrique

Piezoelectricity

Plan inclin

Inclined plane

Poids

Weight

Polaris

Polarised

Positron

Positron

Potentiomtre

Potentiometer

Pression

Pressure

Prvisible

Predictable

Principe

Principle

Principe de Bernoulli

Bernoullis principle

Principe de linertie

Law of inertia

Principe dquivalence

Equivalence principle

Principe dincertitude
(de Heisenberg)

Uncertainty principle

Production de paires

Pair production

Produit

Product

Proprit

Property

Proton

Proton

Puissance

Power

Pulsar

Pulsar

Pulsation

Pulse

Quantum

Quantum

Quark

Quark

Quotient

Quotient

Radioactivit

Radioactivity

Ralentisseur

Moderator

Rayon

Ray

Rayons gamma

Gamma rays

Rayons X

X rays

Ractance inductive

Inductive reactance

Racteur nuclaire

Nuclear reactor

Ractif (adj.)

Reactive

Raction thermonuclaire

Thermonuclear reaction

Rcepteur

Receiver

Rfrentiel

Frame of reference

Rfraction

Refraction

Relativit

Relativity

Rsistance

Resistance

Rsolution

Resolution

Rsonance

Resonance

Satellite

Satellite

Scalaire

Scalar

Seconde

Second

Semi-conducteur

Semiconductors

Solide

Solid

Son

Pitch

Sonder

To probe

Sortie

Output

Spectre

Spectrum

Spectre dabsorption

Absorption spectrum

Spectre dmission

Emission spectrum

Spectrographe de masse

Mass spectrograph

Subatomique

Subatomic

Supra conductivit

Superconductivity

Surcharge

Overload

Surgnrateur

Breeder reactor

Symtrie

Symmetry

Temprature

Temperature

Temps

Time

Tension de surface

Surface tension

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Thorie quantique

Quantum theory

Thermodynamique

Thermodynamics

Thermomtre

Thermometer

Trajectoire

Trajectory

Transformateur

Transformer

Transmutation

Transmutation

Transparent

Transparent

Travail

Work

Unit drive

Derived unit

Valeur

Value

Vaporisation

Vaporisation

Vlocit

Velocity

Vide (n.)

Vacuum

Vitesse

Speed, momentum

Vitesse angulaire

Angular momentum

Vitesse de la lumire

Speed of light

Volt

Volt

Voltmtre

Voltmeter

Watt

Watt

Zro absolu

Absolute zero

Vocabulaire thmatique
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La Chimie/Chemistry

Actone

Acetone

Acide (n.)

Acid

Acide (adj.)

Acidic

Acide amin

Amino acid

Acide azotique

Nitric acid

Acide carbonique

Carbonic acid

Acide carboxylique

Carboxylic acid

Acide chlorhydrique

Hydrochloric acid

Acide de Bronsted

Bronsted acid

Acide de Lewis

Lewis acid

Acide faible

Weak acid

Acide fort

Strong acid

Acide nuclique

Nucleic acid

Acide phnique ou carbolique

Carbolic acid

Acide sulfurique

Sulphuric acid

Acidique

Acidic

Acier

Steel

29

La Chimie/Chemistry

30

Activation

Activation

Addition

Addition

ADN (Acide DsoxyriboNuclique)

DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid)

Adsorption

Adsorption

Arosol

Aerosol

Agglomrat

Cluster

Agitateur

Glass-rod

Aimant

Magnet

Air

Air

Air liquide

Liquid air

Alambic

Still

Alcalode

Alkaloid

Alcane

Alkane

Alcne

Alkene

Alchimiste

Alchemist

Alcool

Alcohol

Alcool primaire

Primary alcohol

Alcool secondaire

Secondary alcohol

Alcool tertiaire

Tertiary alcohol

Alcyne

Alkyne

Aldhyde

Aldehyde

Alliage

Alloy

Allotrope

Allotrope

Alumine

Alumina

Aluminium

Aluminium

Ambiance

Ambience

Ambiant

Ambient

Amiante

Asbestos

Amide

Amide

Amin

Amine

Ammoniac (n.)

Ammonia

Ammoniac (adj.)

ammoniac

Ammoniacate

Ammoniate

Ammoniaque

Ammonia water

Ammonium

Ammonium

Ammonium quaternaire

Quaternary ammonium

Ammonolyse

Ammonolysis

Amorphe

Amorphous

Ampromtrie

Amperometry

Amphotre

Amphoteric

Analyse

Analysis

Analyse centsimale

Centesimal analysis

Analyse chimique

Chemical analysis

Analyse cintique

Kinetic analysis

Analyse pondrale

Ponderal analysis

Analyse qualitative

Qualitative analysis

Analyse quantitative

Quantitative analysis

Analyser

To analyse

Anhydre

Anhydrous

Anhydride

Anhydride

Anion

Anion

Anode

Anode

Anode soluble

Soluble anode

Anolyte

Anolyte

Anomalie

Anomaly

Anthracne

Anthracene

Antimoine

Antimony

Application

Application

Aqueux

Aqueous

Argent

Silver

Argon

Argon

Arsenic

Arsenic

Athermique

Athermic

Atome

Atom

Atomique

Atomic

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Azotrope

Azeotrope

Azote

Nitrogen

Azote liquide

Liquid nitrogen

Bain de sable

Sand bath

Bain thermostat

Thermostated bath

Bain-marie

Bain-marie

Ballon

Balloon

Baryte

Baryta

Baryum

Barium

Base

Base

Base faible

Weak base

Base forte

Strong base

Basique

Basic

Bec Bunsen

Bunsen burner

Bryllium

Beryllium

Bilan

Balance

Biochimie

Biochemistry

Bore

Boron

Brome

Bromine

Broyeur

Grinder

Cadmium

Cadmium

Calcium

Calcium

Calorie

Calorie

Caoutchouc

Rubber

Capsule

Capsule

Capteur

Sensor

Carbanion

Carbanion

Carboglace

Dry ice

Carbone

Carbon

Carbone vitreux

Vitreous carbon

Catalyse

Catalysis

Catalyseur

Catalyst

Cathode

Cathode

Catholyte

Catholyte

Cation

Cation

Cellule

Cell

Cellulose

Cellulose

Centigrade

Centigrade

Centrifugation

Centrifugation

Centrifuger

To centrifuge

Csium

Caesium

Chauffer

To heat

Chaux

Lime

Chaux vive

Quicklime

Chimie analytique

Analytical chemistry

Chimie applique

Applied chemistry

Chimie du sol

Soil chemistry

Chimie industrielle

Industrial chemistry

Chimie inorganique

Inorganic chemistry

Chimie minrale

Mineralogical chemistry

Chimie nuclaire

Nuclear chemistry

Chimie organique

Organic chemistry

Chimie physiologique

Physiological chemistry

Chimie physique

Physical chemistry

Chimie quantique

Quantum chemistry

Chimie thorique

Theoretical chemistry

Chlore

Chlorine

Chromatographie

Chromatography

Chromatographie liquide

Liquid chromatography

Chrome

Chromium

Cintique

Kinetics

Cobalt

Cobalt

Colonne

Column

Colorant

Dye

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Coloration

Colouring, dyeing

Colorimtre

Colorimeter

Combinaison

Combination

Combustion

Combustion

Compos

Compound

Composition

Composition

Concentration

Concentration

Conductimtre

Conductivity meter

Conductimtrie

Conductimetry

Conductivit

Conductivity

Conduire la chaleur

To conduct heat

Constante de vitesse

Kinetic constant

Cornue

Retort

Coulomtre

Coulometer

Coupure

Cleavage

Creuset

Crucible

Cristal

Crystal

Cristal liquide

Liquid crystal

Cristallin

Crystalline

Cristallisation

Crystallisation

Cristallisoire

Chiller

Cristallognse

Crystallogenesis

Cristallographie

Crystallography

Cryogniser

To cryogenize

Cryognie

Cryogenics

Cubique face centre

Body-centred cubic

Cuivre

Copper

Dbimtre

Debimeter

Dcoloration

Decoloration

Dcolorer

To decolourise

Dcomposition

Decomposition

Degr

Degree

Densit

Density

Densitomtre

Densitometer

Densitomtrie

Densitometry

Driv

Derivative

Dshydratation

Dehydration

Dshydrater

To dehydrate

Dessiccateur

Desiccator

Dextrogyre

Dextrogyre

Diagramme

Diagram

Diaphragme

Diaphragm

Diffus

Diffuse

Diffuser

To diffuse

Diffusion

Diffusion

Diminuer

To reduce

Diminution

Reduction

Dioxyde de carbone

Carbon dioxide

Disperser

To disperse

Dispersion

Dispersion

Dissociation

Dissociation

Dissocier

To dissociate

Dissoudre

To dissolve

Distillat

Distillate

Distillation

Distillation

Distiller

To distil

Diviser

To divide

Dosage

Measuring out

Double dcomposition

Double decomposition

Eau distille

Distilled water

Eau oxygne

Hydrogen peroxide

bullition

Boiling

lastique

Elastic

lastomre

Elastomer

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lectrocatalyse

Electrocatalysis

lectrochimie

Electrochemistry

lectrode

Electrode

lectrode soluble

Soluble electrode

lectrodyalise

Electrodyalisis

lectrolyse

Electrolysis

lectrolyser

To electrolyse

lectrolyte

Electrolyte

lectron

Electron

lectron de valence

Valence electron

lectrophorse

Electrophoresis

lectrosynthse

Electrosynthesis

lment

Element

mulsion

Emulsion

Endothermique

Endothermic

nergie dactivation

Activation energy

nergie interne

Internal energy

nergie libre

Free energy

Enthalpie

Enthalpy

Enthalpie libre

Free enthalpy

Entit

Entity

Entropie

Entropy

Enzyme

Enzyme

prouvette

Test-tube, test-glass

quilibre

Balance, equilibrium

tain

Tin

tape

Stage

tat

State

tude exprimentale

Experimental study

tuve

Dryer

vaporateur rotatif

Rotary evaporator

vaporation

Evaporation

vaporer

To evaporate

Exothermique

Exothermic

Explosif

Explosive

Explosion

Explosion, blast

Fer

Iron

Fermenter

To ferment

Filtrat

Filtrate

Filtration

Filtration

Fission

Fission

Fluor

Fluorine

Fondre

To melt

Fondu

Molten

Fonte

Cast iron

Fonte brute

Pig-iron

Formule

Formula (plu. -a or -ae)

Fructose

Fructose

Fusion

Fusion, melting

Gadolinium

Gadolinium

Gallium

Gallium

Galvaniser

To galvanise

Galvanoplastie

Galvanoplasty

Gaz

Gas

Gaz rare

Noble gas

Gazeux

Gaseous

Gel

Gel

Glycogne

Glycogen

Granulomtrie

Granulometry

Gravimtrie

Gravimetry

Halogne

Halogen

Hlium

Helium

Htrogne

Heterogeneous

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Homogne

Homogeneous

Homogniser

To homogenise

Huile

Oil

Hydratation

Hydration

Hydrate

Hydrate

Hydreux

Hydrous

Hydrocarbure

Hydrocarbon

Hydrognation

Hydrogenation

Hydrogne

Hydrogen

Hydrogn

Hydrogenized

Hydrolyse

Hydrolysis

Hydrolyser

To hydrolyse

Hydrophile

Hydrophilic

Hydroscopique

Hydroscopic

Hydroxide

Hydroxide

Hypothse

Hypothesis

Indicateur

Indicator

Induction

Induction

Induire

To induce

Induit

Induced (adj.)

Iode

Iodine

Iod

Iodised

Ion

Ion

Iridium

Iridium

Isobare (n.)

Isobar

Isobare (adj.)

Isobaric

Isomre

Isomer

Isomre chimique

Chemical isomer

Isomre optique

Optical isomer

Isomrie

Isomerism

Isomrisation

Isomerisation

Isomriser

To isomerise

Isomorphe

Isomorphous

Isomorphisme

Isomorphism

Isotherme

Isothermal (adj.)

Isotope

Isotope

Krypton

Krypton

Lanthane

Lanthanum

Lanthanide

Lanthanide

Laser

Laser

Lvogyre

Laevogyrate

Lvulose

Laevulose

Liaison chimique

Chemical bond

Liaison covalente

Covalent bond

Liqufaction

Liquefaction

Liquer

To liquefy

Liquide

Liquid

Loi physique

Physical law

Longueur donde

Wave length

Luminescence

Luminescence

Luminescent

Luminescent

Lyophilisation

Lyophilization, freeze-drying

Lyophiliser

To lyophilise

Magnsie

Magnesia

Magnsien

Magnesian, magnesic

Magnsium

Magnesium

Manganse

Manganese

Masse

Mass

Masse atomique

Atomic mass

Masse molculaire

Molecular mass

Matriau

Material

Matriau molculaire

Molecular material

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Mcanisme

Mechanism

Mlange

Blend

Mlanger

To blend

Mercure

Mercury

Msomre

Mesomer

Msomrie

Mesomery

Mesure

Measure

Mesurer

To measure

Mtal alcalin

Alkali metal

Mtallode

Metalloid

Microscope lectrochimique

Electrochemical microscope

Milieu

Medium

Modle molculaire

Molecular model

Modlisation

Modelling

Modliser

To model

Mole

Mole

Molculaire

Molecular

Molcule

Molecule

Monocristal

Monocrystal

Monoxyde de carbone

Carbon monoxide

Non

Neon

Neutralisation

Neutralisation

Neutraliser

To neutralise

Neutre

Neutral

Neutron

Neutron

Niobium

Niobium

Nombre atomique

Atomic number

Nombre doxydation

Oxidation number

Non mtallique

Non metal

Non volatile

Non-volatile

Noyau

Nucleus

Nuclophile (n.)

Nucleophile

Nuclophile (adj.)

Nucleophilic

Nuclophilie

Nucleophily

Numro atomique

Atomic number

Nutriment

Nutrient

Oligomre

Oligomer

Onde

Wave

Ondulatoire

Undulatory

Orbitale

Orbital

Orbitale molculaire

Molecular orbital

Orbite

Orbit

Organique

Organic

Organomagnsien

Organomagnesian

Organolithien

Organolithian

Orientation

Orientation

Osmolyse

Osmolysis

Oxydable

Oxidisible

Oxydant (n.)

Oxidiser

Oxydant (adj.)

Oxidising

Oxydation

Oxidation

Oxyde

Oxide

Oxyder

To oxidise

Oxygne

Oxygen

Particule

Particle

Particule alpha

Alpha particle

Peinture

Paint

Peser

To weigh

pH

pH

Phase

Phase

Phase gazeuse

Gas phase

Phase liquide

Liquid phase

Phase solide

Solid phase

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Phnomne

Phenomenon (plu. -na)

pH-mtre

pH meter

pHmtrie

pH-metry

Phosphore

Phosphorus

Phosphorescent

Phosphorescent

Photochimie

Photochemistry

Photolyse

Photolysis

Photon

Photon

Pilon

Pestle

Plasma

Plasma

Plomb

Lead

Point dbullition

Boiling point

Point de conglation, point zro

Freezing point

Point de fusion

Melting point

Polarogramme

Polarogram

Polarographie

Polarography

Polymre

Polymer

Polymrisation

Polymerisation

Polymriser

To polymerise

Pompage

Pumping

Pompe

Pump

Pompe circulation

Circulation pump

Pompe diffusion

Diffusion pump

Pompe vide

Vacuum pump

Pomper

To pump

Pondrer

To balance

Porter bullition

To bring to a boil

Potassium

Potassium

Potentiomtrie

Potentiometry

Pouvoir rotatoire

Rotatory power

Prcipitation

Precipitation

Prcipit

Precipitate

Prcipiter

To precipitate

Prparation

Preparation

Pression

Pressure

Processus

Process

Produit chimique

Chemical

Proprit

Property

Proprit chimique

Chemical property

Proprit optique

Optical property

Proprit physique

Physical property

Proton

Proton

Qualitatif

Qualitative

Quantique

Quantum

Quantitatif

Quantitative

Quark

Quark

Racmique

Racemic

Racmiser

To racemise

Radiation

Radiation

Radical

Radical

Radicalaire

Radical

Radioactif

Radioactive

Radioactivit

Radioactivity

Radium

Radium

Radon

Radon

Racteur

Reactor

Ractif

Reagent

Raction

Reaction

Ractivit

Reactivity

Ragir

To react

Recristallisation

Recrystallisation

Recristalliser

To recrystallise

Rducteur

Reducing

Rductible

Reducible

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Rduction

Reduction

Rduire

To reduce

Refroidir

To cool

Rsonance magntique
nuclaire

Nuclear magnetic resonance

Rsoudre

To resolve, to solve

Rhodium

Rhodium

Saponication

Saponication

Satur

Saturated

Sel

Salt

Slectif

Selective

Slectivit

Selectivity

Slnium

Selenium

Silicagel ou gel de silice

Silica gel

Silicate

Silicate

Silice

Silica

Siliceux

Siliceous

Silicium

Silicon

Silicone

Silicone

Sodium

Sodium

Solide

Solid

Solidication

Solidication

Soluble

Soluble

Solut

Solution

Solution

Solution

Solution concentre

Concentrated solution

Solution dilue

Dilute solution

Solution tampon

Buffer solution

Solvant

Solvent

Solvatation

Solvation

Solvate

Solvate (n.)

Solvater

To solvate

Soufre

Sulphur (GB), sulfur (US)

Spectre

Spectrum

Spectre dabsorption

Absorption spectrum

Spectre dmission

Emission spectrum

Spectre de masse

Mass spectrum

Spectromtre

Spectrometer

Spectrophotomtre

Spectrophotometer

Stabilit

Stability

Sublimation

Sublimation

Substance

Substance

Substitution

Substitution

Substitution nuclophile
du 1er ordre

First-order nucleophilic
substitution

Substitution nuclophile
du 2e ordre

Second-order nucleophilic
substitution

Substitution nuclophile
radicalaire

Radical-nucleophilic
substitution

Sulfate

Sulphate (GB), sulfate (US)

Sulte

Sulphite (GB), sulte (US)

Sulfure

Sulphide (GB), sulde (US)

Superacide

Superacid

Suspension

Suspension

Symbole

Symbol

Symbole chimique

Chemical symbol

Synthse

Synthesis

Synthtiser

To synthetize, to synthesise

Systme

System

Tableau de Mendeleev

Periodic table

Tlure

Telure

Temprature

Temperature

Temprature de transition

Transition temperature

Trbenthine

Turpentine

Thermochimie

Thermochemistry

Thermodynamique

Thermodynamics

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Thermogravimtrie

Thermogravimetry

Thermostat

Thermostat

Thorium

Thorium

Titane

Titanium

Toxine

Toxin

Transfert

Transfer

Transformation

Transformation

Transmutation

Transmutation

Trpied

Tripod

Tube

Tube

Tube essai

Test tube

Tube capillaire

Capillary tube

Turbidimtrie

Turbidimetry

Ultravide

Ultravacuum

Uranium

Uranium

Valence

Valence

Vapeur

Vapour

Vaporisation

Vaporisation

Variable

Variable

Variance

Variance

Vide

Vacuum

Viscosit

Viscosity

Vitesse de raction

Kinetic reaction

Vitreux

Vitreous

Volatile

Volatile

Volume

Volume

Volume molaire

Molar volume

Vulcanisation

Vulcanisation

Vulcaniser

To vulcanise

Xnon

Xenon

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

La Mdecine/Medicine

Accs de (stress)

Bout of (stress)

Accident

Accident

Accident du travail

Industrial injury

Accident vasculaire crbral


(AVC)

Stroke

Accouchement

Delivery

Acn

Acne

Aide soignant

Nursing auxiliary, auxiliary nurse

Aigu

Acute

Alcoolisme

Alcoholism

Allergie

Allergy

Ambulance

Ambulance

Ambulancier

Ambulance man, paramedic

Amnsie

Amnesia

Ampoule

Blister

Amputation

Amputation

Amputer

To amputate

47

La Mdecine/Medicine

48

Amygdales

Tonsils

Amygdalite

Tonsillitis

Analgsique, calmant

Painkiller, pain reliever

Analyse de sang

Blood test

Analyse durine

Urine test

Anamnse

Anamnesis

Anatomie

Anatomy

Anmie

Anaemia

Anmique

Anaemic

Anorexie

Anorexia

Anorexique

Anorexic

Anormal

Abnormal

Antcdents mdicaux

Medical history

Antibiotiques

Antibiotics

Anticorps

Antibody

Antidpresseur

Anti-depressant

Appareil dentaire

Braces

Appendice

Appendix

Appendicite

Appendicitis

Armature orthopdique

Braces

Artre

Artery

Arthrite

Arthritis

Arthrose

Arthrosis

Articulation

Joint

Assurance maladie

Health insurance

Asthme

Asthma

Attaque

Seizure, stroke, heart attack

Attaque cardiaque

Stroke, heart attack

Attaque crbrale

Stroke

Avoir de la vre

To have a temperature

Bactricide (n.)

Bactericide

Bactricide (adj.)

Bactericidal

Bactrie

Bacterium (plu. -a)

Bactriologie

Bacteriology

Bactriostatique

Bacteriostatic

Bnin

Benign

Bquille

Crutch

Biopsie

Biopsy

Bless

Injured, wounded

Blessure

Injury, wound

Bosse

Bump

Boulimie

Bulimia, compulsive eating,


binge-eating syndrome (US)

Bronchite

Bronchitis

Brlure

Burn

Brlure au premier degr

First-degree burn

Cabinet mdical

Medical practice, consulting


room

Cabinet dentaire

Dental practice

Cage thoracique

Rib cage

Caillot

Clot

Calculs rnaux

Kidney stones

Cancer

Cancer

Cancreux

Cancerous

Cellule

Cell

Cellule souche

Stem cell

Centre mdico-social

Health centre

Certicat mdical

Medical certicate

Cerveau

Brain

Csarienne

Caesarean (section)

Chimiothrapie

Chemotherapy

Chirurgical

Surgical

Chirurgie

Surgery

Chirurgien

Surgeon

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

La Mdecine/Medicine

49

La Mdecine/Medicine

50

Cholestrol

Cholesterol

Cholestrolmie

Cholestorolaemia (GB),
cholestorolemia (US)

Chronique

Chronic

Cirrhose du foie

Cirrhosis of the liver

Clavicule

Collarbone

Cong maladie

Sick leave

Col de lutrus

Cervix

Colite

Colitis

Colonne vertbrale

Spine

Comprims

Tablets

Constipation

Constipation

Consultation

Consultation

Consultation externe

Outpatients department

Consulter

To see patients

Consulter un mdecin

To consult a doctor, to take


medical advice

Cordon ombilical

Umbilical cord

Crise cardiaque

Heart attack

Crise dpilepsie

Epileptic crisis

Cuti

TB test

Cystite

Cystitis

Dbut des symptmes

Onset of symptoms

Dmence

Dementia

Dentiste

Dentist

Dpression nerveuse

Nervous breakdown

Dprim

Depressed

Dermatologue

Dermatologist

Dernier cycle menstruel

Last menstrual period (LMP)

Dshydrat

Dehydrated

Dvelopper (une tumeur)

To grow or develop (a tumour)

Diabte

Diabetes

Diagnostique

Diagnosis

Diagnostiquer

To diagnose

Dialyse

Dialysis

Diarrhe

Diarrhoea

Docteur

Doctor

Donneur

Donor

Donneur de sang

Blood donor

Douleur

Ache, pain

Douleur abdominale

Abdominal pain

Douleurs dans la poitrine

Chest pains

Douloureux

Sore

Ecchymose

Bruise

chographie

Ultrasound scan, echography

cole de mdecine

Medicine school

Eczma

Eczema

Effets secondaires

Side effects

lectrocardiogramme

Electrocardiogram

liminer un calcul

To pass a stone

Embryologie

Embryology

Empoisonnement sanguin

Blood poisoning

En bonne sant

Healthy

Encphalite

Encephalitis

Encphalopathie spongiforme
bovine (ESB)

Bovine spongiform
encephalopathy (BSE)

Endmie

Endemic

Endmique

Endemic

Endocrine

Endocrine

Endocrinologie

Endocrinology

Enamm

Inamed

En

Swollen

Enure

Swelling

Engourdissement

Numbness

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

La Mdecine/Medicine

51

La Mdecine/Medicine

52

Entorse

Sprain, wrench

Enzyme

Enzyme

pidmie

Epidemic

pilepsie

Epilepsy

Essai clinique

Clinical trial

Essoufement

Shortness of breath

tat stable

Stable condition

thique (n.)

Ethics

vanouissement

Faint

Examen clinique

Clinical examination

Excroissance

Growth, lump

Exercer la mdecine

To practise medicine

Facult de mdecine

Medical Faculty (GB), School


of Medicine (US)

Faiblesse

Weakness

Faire des tudes de mdecine

To study medicine

Fatal

Fatal

Fausse couche

Miscarriage

Fauteuil roulant

Wheel chair

Fibrillation

Fibrillation

Fivre

Fever

Fivre aphteuse

Foot and mouth disease

Fivreux

Feverish

Fracture

Fracture

Gastrite

Gastritis

Gastro-entrite

Gastro-enteritis

Gne

Discomfort

Gnraliste

General practitioner (GP)

Gntique (n.)

Genetics

Gntique (adj.)

Genetic

Gnito-urinaire

Genito-urinary

Germe

Germ

Glande thyrodienne

Thyroid gland

Greffe

Transplant

Greffer

To graft, to transplant

Grippe

Flu, inuenza

Grippe aviaire

Avian u, bird u

Grippe intestinale

Gastric u

Gros intestin

Large intestine

Grossesse

Pregnancy

Grosseur

Lump

Gurir

To cure

Gyncologie

Gynaecology

Hmatie

Red (blood) corpuscle

Hmatologie

Haematology

Hmatome

Haematoma, bruise

Hmiplgie

Hemiplegia

Hmophilie

Haemophilia

Hmorragie

Bleeding

Hpatite

Hepatitis

Heures de visite

Visiting hours

Homopathie

Homeopathy

Hormone

Hormone

Hyperglycmie

Hyperglycaemia

Hypertension

High blood pressure,


hypertension

Hyperthermie

Hyperthermia

Hypocondrie

Hypocondria

Hypoglycmie

Hypoglycaemia

Immunisation

Immunisation

Immuniser

To immunise

Immunit

Immunity

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

La Mdecine/Medicine

53

La Mdecine/Medicine

54

Immunoglobuline

Immunoglobulin

Immunologie

Immunology

Inciser

To incise

Incision

Incision

Inconscient

Unconscious

Incontinence

Incontinence

Infarctus

Infarction

Infarctus du myocarde

Myocardial infarction,
coronary thrombosis

Infect

Infected

Infection

Infection

Inrmier, inrmire

Nurse

Insufsance rnale

Renal failure

Intrieur

Internal

Interne (n.)

Resident

Intestin

Intestine

Intestins

Bowels

Intestin grle

Small intestine

Intoxication alimentaire

Food poisoning

Intraveineux

Intravenous, IV

IRM (imagerie par rsonance


magntique)

MRI (magnetic resonance


imaging)

Jaunisse

Jaundice

Kyste

Cyst

Laryngite

Laryngitis

Laser

Laser

Lymphatique

Lymphatic

Lymphe

Lymph

Lymphocyte

Lymphocyte

Mal la gorge

Sore throat

Mal la tte

Headache

Mal de dent

Toothache

Mal doreille

Earache

Mal de ventre

Stomach-ache

Malade (n.)

Patient

Malade (adj.)

Ill, sick

Maladie

Disease, illness

Maladie cardio-vasculaire

Heart disease

Maladie contagieuse

Infectious disease

Maladie dAlzheimer

Alzheimers disease

Maladie du charbon

Anthrax

Maladie nerveuse

Nervous disorder

Maladie professionnelle

Occupational disease

Maladie respiratoire

Respiratory illness

Maladie sexuellement
transmissible (MST)

Sexually transmissible disease


(STD)

Malin

Malignant

Malnutrition

Malnutrition

Mdecin

Doctor, physician

Mdecin-chef

Head doctor

Mdecin-conseil

Medical adviser

Mdecin de famille

Family doctor or practitioner

Mdecin des hpitaux

Consultant

Mdecin du travail

Company doctor

Mdecine alternative ou douce


ou naturelle

Alternative medicine

Mdecine curative

Remedial medicine

Mdecine gnrale

General medicine

Mdecine lgale

Forensic medicine or science

Mdecine librale

Medicine of doctors who have


their own practice

Mdecine parallle

Alternative medicine

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

La Mdecine/Medicine

55

La Mdecine/Medicine

56

Mdecine prventive

Preventive medicine

Mdecine durgence

Emergency treatment

Mdecine du travail

Industrial medicine

Mdecine du sport

Sports medicine

Mdecine spcialise

Specialised branches of
medicine

Mdecin gnraliste

General practitioner (GP)

Mdecin lgiste

Forensic scientist, medical


examiner

Mdecin militaire

Army medical ofcer

Mdecin scolaire

School doctor

Mdecin traitant

Attending physician, family


doctor

Mdicaments

Medicine, drugs, medication

Mdicament gnrique

Generic drug

Membrane

Membrane

Mningite

Meningitis

Mnopause

Menopause

Microbe

Microbe, germ

Migraine

Migraine

Molcule

Molecule

Mononuclose

Mononucleosis

Mort

Fatality, death

Mucoviscidose

Cystic brosis

Muscle

Muscle

Nause

Nausea

Nphrite

Nephritis

Nervosit

Nervousness

Neurochirurgie

Neurosurgery

Neurologique

Neurological

Nvrose

Neurosis

Nvros

Neurotic

Obsit

Obesity

dme

Oedema

Omoplate

Shoulder blade

Oncologue, oncologiste

Oncologist

Opration

Operation

Oprer

To operate on

Ordonnance

Prescription

Oreillons

(the) Mumps

Organe

Organ

ORL (oto-rhino-laryngologie)

ENT (ear, nose and throat)

Os

Bone

Ostomylite

Osteomyelitis

Palpitation

Palpitation

Pancras

Pancreas

Pancratite

Pancreatitis

Pandmie

Pandemic

Pansement

Bandage

Paralys

Paralysed

Paramdical

Paramedical

Pathogne

Pathogen

Pathologie

Pathology

Pathologiste

Pathologist

Peau

Skin

Pdiatre

Paediatrician (GB),
pediatrician (US)

Pdiatrie

Paediatrics (GB), pediatrics (US)

Priode dincubation

Incubation period

Personnel paramdical

Paramedics

Personnel soignant

Auxiliary nursing staff

Perte de poids

Weight loss

Pharmacie

Pharmacy, chemist

Pharmacologie

Pharmacology

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

La Mdecine/Medicine

57

La Mdecine/Medicine

58

Pharyngite

Pharyngitis

Physiologie

Physiology

Piquer

To inject

Piqre

Injection, shot

Plaie

Sore, wound

Plante mdicinale

Medicinal plant

Pneumonie

Pneumonia

Pneumopathie

Pneumopathy

Poison

Poison

Poliomylite

Poliomyelitis

Porteur du SIDA

AIDS carrier

Premiers soins

First aid

Prnatal

Prenatal

Prescrire

To prescribe

Pression sanguine

Blood pressure

Problmes dlocution

Speech problems

Produire des anticorps

To produce antibodies

Protine

Protein

Psychiatrie

Psychiatry

Pubert

Puberty

Qui dmange

Itchy

Quinte

Fit

Radiographie

Radiography, X-ray photography

Rage

Rabies

Raideur

Stiffness

Rayon X

X-ray

Receveur (greffe)

Recipient

Recherche mdicale

Medical research

Repos

Rest

Rsistant au traitement

Drug-resistant

Rhumatisme

Rheumatism

Risque pour la sant

Health hazard

Rotule

Kneecap

Rougeole

Measles

Rubole

German measles, rubella

Rythme cardiaque

Heart rhythm

Sage-femme

Midwife

Sain, en bonne sant

Healthy

Salle dopration

Operating room (OR)

Salle des urgences

Emergency room (ER)

Salmonellose

Salmonellosis

SAMU (service daide mdicale


durgence)

Mobile emergency medical


service

Sang

Blood

Sant

Health

Sant publique

Public health

Sautes dhumeur

Mood swings

Scanner

Scanner

Scarlatine

Scarlet fever

Sclrose en plaques

Multiple sclerosis (MS)

Septicmie

Septicemy, septicaemia

Sropositif

HIV positive

Srum

Serum

Srum physiologique

Physiological salt solution

Service (dans un hpital)

Hospital ward

Services mdicaux

Health care, NHS (National


Health Service in GB)

Schizophrnie

Shizophrenia

SIDA (Syndrome Immunodcitaire Acquis)

AIDS (Acquired Immune


Deciency Syndrome)

Signes cliniques

Clinical signs

Soigner (quelquun)

To look after, to take care of


(someone)

Soigner (une maladie)

To treat (an illness)

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

La Mdecine/Medicine

59

La Mdecine/Medicine

60

Soins domicile

Home care, nursing

Soins intensifs

Intensive care

Soins palliatifs

Terminal care

Souche (de virus)

Strain (of virus)

Soulagement

Relief

Soulager

To relieve

Spasme

Spasm

Spcialiste

Specialist

Stress

Stress

Stressant

Stressful

Stress

Stressed

Sucs gastriques

Gastric juices

Surdit

Deafness

Symptmes

Symptoms

Systme immunitaire

Immune system

Systme nerveux

Nervous system

Tachycardie

Tachycardia

Taux dalcoolmie

Alcohol level

Temprature

Temperature

Ttanos

Tetanus

Ttraplgique

Quadriplegia, tetraplegia

Thrapie

Therapy

Thermomtre

Thermometer

Thyrode

Thyroid

TOC (troubles obsessionnels


compulsifs)

OCD (Obsessive Compulsive


Disorder)

Torticolis

Stiff neck

Tousser

To cough

Toux

Cough

Toxine

Toxin

Toxique

Poisonous

Traitement

Treatment

Traiter

To treat

Transplantation

Transplant

Transplanter

To transplant

Tremblement

Tremor

Troubles

Trouble, disorder

Tuberculose

Tuberculosis (TB)

Tumeur

Tumour

Ulcre de lestomac

Gastric or stomach ulcer

Ultrason

Ultrasound

Unit de soins intensifs

Intensive care unit (ICU)

Urgence

Emergency

Urticaire

Hives, urticaria

Vaccin

Vaccine

Vaccination

Vaccination

Vacciner

Vaccinate

Vache folle

Mad cow disease

Vaisseau sanguin

Blood vessel

Varicelle

Chickenpox

Vgtations

Adenoids

Veine

Vein

Vertige

Dizzy or giddy spell

Vsicule biliaire

Gallbladder

Vessie

Bladder

Virus

Virus

Visite mdicale

Medical examination

Vomir

To vomit

Zona

Shingles

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

La Mdecine/Medicine

61

La Gntique/Genetics

62

Ablation

Removal

ADN (Acide DsoxyriboNuclique)

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)

Agriculture biologique

Organic farming

Agriculture industrielle

Industrial farming

Agriculture viable

Sustainable agriculture

Agrobiologiste

Agrobiologist

Agrochimie

Agrochemistry

Aliment biologique

Organic food

Aliments contenant des OGM

GM food

Allle

Allele

Amliorer le rendement

To improve the yield

Animal de compagnie clon sur


demande

Cloned-to-order pet

Artre

Artery

Atome

Atom

Autopollinisation

Self-pollination

Banque de gnes

Gene bank

Banque du sperme

Sperm bank

Bb prouvette

Test-tube baby

Biologie molculaire

Molecular biology

Biotechnologie

Biotechnology

Capital gntique

Genetic pool

Caryotype

Karyotype

Cellulaire

Cellular

Cellule

Cell

Cellule lle

Daughter cell

Cellule mre

Mother cell, parent cell

Cellule souche

Stem cell

Chirurgien

Surgeon

Chromosome

Chromosome

Chromosome X ou Y

X or Y chromosome

Clonage

Cloning

Clonage animal

Animal cloning

Clonage de mammifre

Mammalian cloning

Clonage humain

Human cloning

Clonage thrapeutique

Therapeutic cloning

Clone

Clone

Cloner

To clone

Code gntique

Genetic code

Culture gntiquement modie

Genetically modied crop

Culture rsistante aux herbicides

Herbicide-tolerant crop

Cultures contamines par des


OGM

GM contamination of crops

Division cellulaire

Cell division

Dominant

Dominant

Dommage gntique

Genetic damage

Don dovules

Egg donation

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

La Gntique/Genetics

63

La Gntique/Genetics

64

Don de sperme

Sperm donation

Durable, viable

Sustainable

change gntique

Genetic exchange

Embryon

Embryo

Enlever

To remove

thique (n.)

Ethics

tiquetage

Labelling

tre sous assistance respiratoire

To be on a life support machine

Eugnisme

Eugenics

voluer

To evolve

Faire un prlvement

To take a sample

Faucheur volontaire

Voluntary reaper

Fertilisation in vitro (FIV)

In vitro fertilisation (IVF)

Fertiliser

To fertilise

Ftus

Foetus (GB), fetus (US)

Gne

Gene

Gne ltal

Lethal gene

Gne rcessif

Recessive gene

Gnticien

Geneticist

Gnie gntique, manipulations


gntiques

Genetic engineering

Gnome humain

Human genome

Gnotoxicit

Genotoxicity

Gnotype

Genotype

Globule

Blood cell

Greffe

Graft

Greffer

To graft

Groupe de pression anti-OGM

Anti-GM lobby

Haute Autorit sur les OGM

High Authority on GMOs

Hrditaire

Hereditary

Htrozygote

Heterozygous

Homozygote

Homozygous

Hormone

Hormone

Hybride

Hybrid

Implanter un embryon dans


un utrus

To implant an embryo
in a womb

Industrie alimentaire

Food-processing industry

Industrie bioalimentaire

Biofood sector, bioagriculture

Insmination articielle (IA)

Articial insemination (AI)

Insmination articielle par donneur (IAD)

Articial insemination by donor


(AID)

Insminer

To inseminate

Intervention, opration

Surgery, operation

Lgumes biologiques

Organically-grown vegetables

Localisation des champs OGM

Location of GM elds

Manger bio

To eat organic food

Manipulation gntique

Genetic manipulation

Membrane cellulaire

Cell membrane

Mesures de scurit biologique

Bio-safety measures

Mesures sanitaires

Sanitary control

Militant anti-OGM

Anti-GM defender

Molcule

Molecule

Mutation de gnes

Gene mutation

Noyau

Nucleus (plu. -ei)

Oprer (quelquun)

To operate (on someone)

Organisme

Organism

Organisme gntiquement
modi, OGM

Genetically modied or
engineered organism,
GM organism

Ovule

Ovum (plu. -a)

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

La Gntique/Genetics

65

La Gntique/Genetics

66

Phnotype

Phenotype

Phnotype cellulaire

Cellular phenotype

Phnotype macroscopique

Macroscopic phenotype

Phnotype molculaire

Molecular phenotype

Phytognticien

Crop or plant breeder

Pollinisation croise

Cross pollination

Polliniser

To pollinate

Prserver lalimentation des


OGM

To keep food GM free

Prise de sang

Blood sample

Produit bio(logique)

Organic product

Produit issu de lagriculture


biologique

Organic-certied product

Protine

Protein

Race humaine

Human race

Rcessif

Recessive

Receveur

Recipient

Reconnu dutilit publique

To be state approved

Rejet

Rejection

Rejeter

To reject

Rplique

Replica

Rservoir de gnes

Gene pool

Ressources gntiques

Genetic resources

Sinltrer dans notre nourriture

To sneak into our food

Sang

Blood

Scurit alimentaire

Food safety

Semence

Seed

Squenage

Sequencing

Squence

Sequence

Squencer

To sequence

Souche (de virus)

Strain (of virus)

Spermatozode

Spermatozoon (plu. -zoa)

Subir une opration

To be operated on

Systmique

Systemic

Tension artrielle

Blood pressure

Thrapie gnique

Gene therapy

Tissu

Tissue

Tissu cellulaire

Connective tissue

Traabilit

Traceability

Traitement

Treatment, cure

Transfert dembryon

Embryo transfer

Transgnique

Transgenic

Transplantation

Transplant, transplantation

Transplanter

To transplant

Unicellulaire

Unicellular

Vaisseau

Vessel

Variations gntiques

Genetic variations

Veine

Vein

Zone sans OGM

GM free zone

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

La Gntique/Genetics

67

La Gologie et
La Palontologie/
Geology and Paleontology

68

sang froid

Cold-blooded

Aalnien suprieur

Aalenian superior

Accrtion

Accretion

Actualisme

Actualism

ADN (Acide Dsoxyribo


Nuclique)

DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid)

Afuent

Tributary

Agnathe

Agnathan

Aiguille

Point

Aile

Wing

Alcalin

Alkaline

Alumine

Alumina, aluminium oxide

Ambre

Amber

Amiante

Asbestos

Amibe

Amoeba

Ammonite

Ammonite

Amphibien

Amphibian

Anctre

Ancestor

Angiospermes

Angiosperms

Animal

Animal

Aplanir

To level

Apomorphique

Apomorphic

Apparatre (espce)

To arise

Aqueux

Aqueous

Arboricole

Arboreal

Archae

Archae

Archologie

Archaeology

Archologue

Archaeologist

Argent

Silver

Argile

Clay

Argilite

Argilite

ARN (acide ribonuclique)

RNA (ribonucleic acid)

Arthropode

Arthropod

Ascendance

Ancestry

Asthnosphre

Asthenosphere

Aven

Swallowhole

Baie

Bay

Bajocien

Bajocian

Banquise

Ice oe

Basaltique

Basaltic

Bassin

Basin

Biostratigraphie

Biostratigraphy

Biote diacarien ou dEdiacara

Ediacaran biota

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology and Paleontology

69

La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology and Paleontology

70

Bipde (n.)

Biped

Bipde (adj.)

Two-footed, two-legged

Bivalve

Bivalve

Bois

Wood

Bouclier

Shield

Brousse

Bush

Calotte glaciaire

Polar cap, ice cap

Cambrien (n.)

Cambrian

Cambrien (adj.)

Cambrian

Carbonate de calcium cristallis

Calcite

Carbone

Carbon

Carbone 14

Carbon 14, radiocarbon

Carbonifre

Carboniferous

Carnivore

Carnivorous

Carotte

Core sample

Cascade

Waterfall

Caverne

Cave, cavern

Cavit naturelle

Natural cavity

Cendres

Ash

Cendres volcaniques

Volcanic ash

Cnozoque

Cenozoic

Chane de montagnes

Mountain range or chain

Chane gnalogique

Genealogical chain

Charbon

Coal

Charognard

Scavenger

Chlore

Chlorine

Chronostratigraphie

Chronostratigraphy

Cirque

Cirque or corrie

Clade

Clade

Cladistique

Cladistics

Cladogramme

Cladogram

Classe

Class

Clinoptilolite

Clinoptilolite

Coccolite

Coccolith

Coccolithophore

Coccolithophore

Col

Pass, col

Conodonte

Conodont

Contrefort

Spur

Coquille

Shell

Corne

Horn

Corniche

Ledge

Corps

Body

Corps simple

Element

Cte (gographie)

Coast

Cte (mdecine)

Rib

Couche

Layer

Couche supercielle de la Terre

Surface layer of the earth

Coule de lave

Lava ow or stream

Coupe gologique

Geological section

Courant

Current

Cracher (volcan)

To spew forth / out / into the air

Crne

Skull

Crte

Ridge

Creuser

To dig

Crique

Creek

Cristal

Crystal

Cristallin

Crystalline

Cristallographie

Crystallography

Crote ocanique

Oceanic crust

Crote terrestre

Earths crust

Datation

Dating

Datation au carbone 14

Radiocarbon dating

Datation radiochronologique

Radiochronologic dating

Dent

Tooth (plu. teeth)

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology and Paleontology

71

La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology and Paleontology

72

Drive des continents

Continental drift

Dtecteur

Sensor

Dterrer

To unearth

Dtroit

Strait

Dvonien

Devonian

Diagense

Diagenesis

Dinosaure

Dinosaur

Disparatre

To become extinct

Disparition

Demise

Disparu

Extinct

Domaine

Domain

Durcir

To harden

Eau pure

Pristine water

chelle des temps gologiques

Ladder of geological time,


geologic timescale

Empreinte

Footprint

Endmisme

Endemism

Entomologie

Entomology

Eocne

Eocene

poque

Age, period

re

Era

re diacarienne

Ediacaran Period

re gologique

Geological era

rionite

Erionite

rosion

Erosion

ruption

Eruption

Escargot

Snail

Espce

Species

Espce stratgie K

K-strategy species

Espce stratgie R

R-strategy species

Espce en voie de disparition

Endangered species

Estuaire

Estuary, rth

tage

Stage, formation

tage toarcien

Toarcian stage

tendue de terre

Stretch of land

tre vivant

Living being

voluer

To evolve

volution

Evolution

Excaver

To excavate

Excrments fossiles

Fossil feces

Existant encore

Extant

Explosion

Blast, explosion

Extinction

Extinction

Faille

Fault

Falaise

Cliff

Famille

Family

Faune

Fauna, wildlife

Fer

Iron

Feuillet

Foliated

Fissure

Cleavage

Flore

Flora

Fond marin

Sea-bed

Forer

To drill

Fort tropicale

Rainforest

Formation sdimentaire

Sedimentary deposit

Forme

Shape

Fossile

Fossil

Fossile microscopique

Microscopic fossils

Fossilifre

Fossiliferous

Fossilisation

Fossilization

Fossilis

Fossilized

Fouilles

Excavations

Gastropode

Gastropod

Gaz

Gas

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology and Paleontology

73

La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology and Paleontology

74

Gaz naturel

Natural gas

Gazeux

Gaseous

Gnotype

Genotype

Genre

Genus (plu. -era)

Gochimie

Geochemistry

Godsie

Geodesy, geodetics

Godynamique

Geodynamics

Gographe

Geographer

Gographie physique

Physical geography

Gologie

Geology

Gologie structurale

Structural geology

Gologue

Geologist

Gomorphologie

Geomorphology

Gophysique

Geophysics

Geyser

Geyser

Gisement mtallifre

Metalliferous deposit

Gisement ptrolifre

Oileld

Gisements houillers

Coal deposits

Glacier

Glacier

Golfe

Gulf

Grande province ruptive

Large igneous province

Graptolite

Graptolite

Griffe, serre

Claw

Grotte

Cave

Haute mer

High seas

Hlium

Helium

Hmisphre nord

Northern hemisphere

Hmisphre sud

Southern hemisphere

Herbivore

Herbivore

Hominode

Hominoid

Homologie

Homology

Homoplasie

Homoplasy

Hybridation

Hybridization

Hydrogologie

Hydrogeology

Ichnocnose

Ichnocoenose

Ichnofossiles

Ichnofossils

Ichnologie

Ichnology

Ichtyologie

Ichthyology

Inclinaison

Tilt

Inhospitalier

Inhospitable

Invertbr

Invertebrate

Jungle

Jungle, wilderness

Jurassique (n.)

Jurassic Period

Jurassique (adj.)

Jurassic

Karst

Karst

Lacustre

Lacustrine

Lame de fond

Tidal wave

Lamproie

Lamprey

Large (le)

Open sea

Larve

Larva (plu. -ae)

Lave

Lava

Ligne

Lineage

Limon

Silt, limon

Lithologique

Lithologic

Lithostratigraphie

Lithostratigraphy

Loi du plus fort

Survival of the ttest

Mchoire

Jaw

Macrofossile

Macrofossil

Magma

Magma

Magntostratigraphie

Magnetostratigraphy

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology and Paleontology

75

La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology and Paleontology

76

Mammifre

Mammal

Mammouth

Mammoth

Maniraptor

Maniraptor

Maniraptora

Maniraptora

Marne

Marl

Matrice

Matrix (plu. -ces)

Mgafaune

Megafauna

Mer agite

Rough sea

Mer calme

Smooth sea

Mtal

Metal

Mtallognie

Metallogeny

Mtorite

Meteorite

Mica

Mica

Microfossile

Microfossil

Microminral

Micromineral

Micropalontologie

Micropalaeontology

Migration

Migration

Migrer

To migrate

Minerai

Ore

Minral

Mineral

Minralis

Mineralised

Minraliser

To mineralise

Minralogie

Mineralogy

Miocne

Miocene

Modle gnalogique

Genealogical model

Mollusque

Mollusc

Moraine

Moraine

Mordenite

Mordenite

Morphologie

Morphology

Moule

Mould, cast

Multicellulaire

Multicellular

Mutation

Mutation

Muter

To mutate

Myxine

Myxini, hagsh

Nappe phratique

Underground water,
groundwater

Nectique

Nektic

Necton

Nekton

Nectonique

Nektonic

Neiges ternelles

Everlasting snow

Nogne

Neogene

Nid

Nest

Nodule

Nodule

Norme parasismique

Anti-earthquake standard

Notochorde

Notochord

Nourrir (se)

To feed

uf

Egg

Omnivore (n.)

Omnivore

Omnivore (adj.)

Omnivorous

Onde sismique

Seismic wave

Or

Gold

Ordovicien

Ordovician

Ordre

Order

Organisme

Organism

Orogne

Orogen

Orognie, orognse

Orogeny

Orographie

Orography

Os

Bone

Ostracode

Ostracode

Ostracoderme

Ostracoderm

Ovipare

Oviparous

Oxygne

Oxygen

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology and Paleontology

77

La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology and Paleontology

78

Paloanthropologie

Paleoanthropology

Palobathymtrie

Paleobathymetry

Palobiochimie

Paleobiochemistry

Palobotanique

Paleobotanics

Paloclimat

Paleoclimate

Paloclimatologie

Paleoclimatology

Palocoprologie

Paleocoprology

Palocologie

Paleoecology

Paloenvironnement

Paleoenvironment

Palogne

Paleogene

Palogographie

Paleogeography

Paloichnologie

Paleoichnology

Palontologie

Palaeontology

Palontologue

Palaeontologist

Palozoque

Paleozoic

Palozoologie

Paleozoology

Palynologie

Palynology

Panache (de fume)

Plume

Paraphyltique

Paraphyletic

Paraphylie

Paraphyly

Paroi

Rock face

Patrimoine gologique

Geological heritage

Pturages

Pasture lands, pasture,


pasturage

Peau

Skin

Plagique

Pelagic

Pente

Slope

Perce

Breach

Percer

To breach

Priode

Period

Priode glaciaire

Ice age

Perlite

Perlite

Petit ravin

Gully

Ptri

Petried

Ptrographie

Petrography

Ptrole

Petroleum (GB), oil (US)

Ptrologie

Petrology

Peu profond

Shallow

Phanrozoque

Phanerozoic

Phntique

Phenetics

Philogntique (n.)

Philogenetics

Philogntique (adj.)

Philogenetic

Philognie

Phylogeny

Philognie molculaire

Molecular phylogeny

Phosphate

Phosphate

Phylum

Phylum (plu. -a)

Pied tridactyle

Three-toed foot

Pierre ponce

Pumice

Pierre prcieuse

Gemstone

Pierre semi-prcieuse

Semi-precious stone

Placodermes

Placoderms

Plancton

Plankton

Planctonique

Planktonic

Plante

Plant

Plaques tectoniques

Tectonic plates

Plateau

Plateau

Plate-forme

Platform

Plsiomorphe

Plesiomorph

Plsiomorphie

Plesiomorphy

Plume

Feather

Poisson cartilagineux

Cartilaginous sh

Pollen

Pollen

Polyphiltique

Polyphyletic

Prairie

Grassland

Prcambrien

Precambrian

Prdateur

Predator

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology and Paleontology

79

La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology and Paleontology

80

Prhistorique

Prehistoric

Primitif

Primitive

Proie

Prey

Prospecteur minier

Mining prospector

Prospection gologique

Geological exploration

Provinces gologiques

Geologic provinces

Ptrodactyle

Pterodactyl

Ptrodactyloide

Pterodactyloid

Ptrosauriens

Pterosauria

Puits

Shaft

Quadrupde (n.)

Quadruped

Quadrupde (adj.)

Four-footed

Quartz

Quartz

Quaternaire (n. et adj.)

Quaternary

Rang taxonomique

Taxonomic rank

Rgion holarctique

Holarctic region

Rgion montagneuse

Mountainous region, highlands

Rgion zoogographique

Zoogeographical region

Rgne

Kingdom

Relev gologique

Geologic(al) survey

Relief

Relief

Reptilien

Reptilian

Ressources naturelles

Natural resources

Restes fossiles

Fossil remains

Rhizopode

Rhizopod

Risque sismique

Seismic risk

Rivage

Shore

Rive

Bank

Roche

Rock

Roche en fusion

Molten rock

Roche igne

Igneous rock

Roche mtamorphique

Metamorphic rock

Roche sdimentaire

Sedimentary rock

Roche siliceuse

Siliceous rock

Roches dtritiques

Debris

Rudiste

Rudist

Ruisseau

Brook, creek

Sable

Sand

Sauropode

Sauropod (plu. -s or -a)

Savane

Savannah

Sciences de la Terre

Earth sciences

Scories

Scoria

Secousse

Jolt

Sdiment

Sediment

Sdimentaire

Sedimentary

Sdimentologie

Sedimentology

Sisme

Earthquake, seism

Sismologie

Seismology

Slection naturelle

Natural selection

Seuil

Threshold

Silice

Silica

Silurien

Silurian

Sismologie

Seismology

Site de fouilles

Dig site

Sommet

Peak, summit

Souffre

Sulphur (GB), sulfur (US)

Source

Spring, source

Sous-groupe

Subgroup

Sous-sol

Subsoil, substratum

Souterrain

Underground

Spcimen

Specimen

Splologie

Speleology

Spore

Spore

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology and Paleontology

81

La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology and Paleontology

82

Squelette

Skeleton

Strate

Stratum (plu. -a), layer

Stratication

Stratication

Stratigraphie

Stratigraphy

Stratotype

Stratotype

Suivre la trace

To track

Surveiller

To monitor

Synapomorphe

Synapomorph

Synapomorphie

Synapomorphy

Systme de classication
taxonomique

Taxonomic classication system

Taxon

Taxon (plu. -a)

Taxonomie

Taxonomy

Tectonique des plaques

Plate tectonics

Temps gologique

Geological time, geologic time

Terre ferme

Mainland

Terrestre

Terrestrial

Tte

Head

Ttrapode

Tetrapod

Thropodes

Theropoda

Toarcien

Toarcian

Topographie

Topography

Torrent

Stream, torrent

Toundra

Tundra

Traces dactivit biologique


fossilises

Trace fossils

Traits volutifs

Evolutionary traits

Tremblement de terre

Earthquake, tremor

Trs ancien

Ancient

Trilobite

Trilobite

Trou de sonde

Borehole

Troupeau

Herd

Unicellulaire

Unicellular, single-celled

Vertbre

Vertebra (plu. -ae or -as)

Vertbr

Vertebrate

Volcan

Volcano

Volcan en activit

Active volcano

Volcan teint

Extinct volcano

Volcanique

Volcanic

Volcanisme

Volcanism

Volcanologie

Volcanology

Volcanologue

Volcanologist

Zolite

Zeolite

Zone karstique

Karstic zone

Zones humides

Wetlands

Zooplanctonique

Zooplanktonic

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology and Paleontology

83

Lcologie/Ecology

84

Accord multilatral sur


lenvironnement (AME)

Multilateral environmental
agreement (MEA)

Acheter vert

To buy green

Activisme cologiste

Environmental activism

Activisme vert

Green activism

Activiste cologiste radical

Eco-warrior

Activiste vert

Green activist

Agence europenne pour


lenvironnement (AEE)

European Environment
Agency (EEA)

Agriculture biologique

Organic farming

Alimenter en eau

To supply water

Altermondialisation

Anti-globalisation,
alter-globalisation

Altermondialiste

Anti-globalisation activist

Approche squentielle

Sequential approach

Article recyclable

Recyclable item

Association de protection
de lenvironnement

Environmental protection group

Audit denvironnement

Environmental audit(ing),
eco-audit

Autocologie

Autoecology

Autopuration

Self-purication

Autorits charges
de lenvironnement

Environmental ofcials

Bilan cologique

Ecological assessment

Bilan nergtique

Energy balance or budget

Bilan environnemental

Environmental balance-sheet

Biocarburants

Biofuels

Biocnose

Biocoenosis, biocenosis

Biodgradable

Biodegradable

Biodgradation

Biodegradation

Biodiversit

Biodiversity

Biomasse

Biomass

Biome

Biome, life zone

Biosphre

Biosphere

Biote

Biota

Biotope humain

Human habitat

Bote de conserve

Tin (GB), can (US)

Bote de recyclage individuelle


gratuite

Free household recycling box

Campagne de sensibilisation

Awareness-building campaign

Capacits de rgnration

Regenerative properties

Capacits des sols

Land restoration

Carton

Cardboard

Centre de rcupration
du verre

Bottle redemption centre

Centre de tri

Sorting centre

Chane alimentaire

Food chain

Choix qui permet dconomiser


lnergie

Energy saving option

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

Lcologie/Ecology

85

Lcologie/Ecology

86

Collecte deau pluviale

Catch-water drain

Collecte des dchets


encombrants

Bulk collection, collection of


bulky waste

Collecte du verre

Glass collection

Commerce quitable

Fair trade

Commission mondiale sur


lenvironnement et
le dveloppement (CMED)

World Commission on
Environment and Development
(WCED)

Compost

Compost

Compostage

Composting

Composteur

Compost container

Comptabilit environnementale

Environmental accounting

Comptabilit verte

Green accounting

Conditionnement en plastique

Plastic packaging

Conscience cologique,
prise de conscience
environnementale

Ecological consciousness,
environmental awareness

Consommateur cologique

Green consumer

Consommateur vert

Green consumer

Consumrisme vert

Green consumerism

Conteneur verre

Glass container

Contrle de la pollution

Pollution monitoring

Couloir cologique

Habitat or ecological corridor

Cot de dpollution

Abatement cost

Cot environnemental

Environmental cost

Couverture vgtale

Ground cover

Covoiturage

Car-pooling, car-pool

Cycle de vie dun produit

Life cycle of a product

Dchets vgtaux

Garden waste

Dchetterie

Rubbish dump

Dcontamination

Decontamination

Dfense de lenvironnement

Conservation

Dfenseur de lenvironnement

Conservationist, environmentalist

Dtergent biologique

Biodetergent

Dette cologique

Ecological debt

Dveloppement durable

Sustainable development

Dvelopper des voitures utilisant


une autre source dnergie

To develop alternative energy


cars

Droit de lenvironnement

Environmental law

Durabilit

Sustainability

Eau du robinet

Tap water

Eau potable

Drinking water

Ecocide

Ecocide

Ecocitoyennet

Ecocitizenship, environmental
citizenship

cocline

Ecocline

colabel

Ecolabel

cologie industrielle

Industrial ecology

cologie microbienne

Microbial ecology

cologie urbaine

Urban ecology

cologique

Environmental, ecological

cologiste

Environmentalist, ecologist

conomie dnergie

Energy conservation

conomies dnergie

Energy savings

coproduit

Green product

cosynthse

Ecosynthesis

cosystme

Ecosystem

cozone

Ecozone

lecteur cologiste

Green voter

Empreinte cologique

Ecological footprint

nergie alternative

Alternative energy

nergie biomasse

Biomass energy

nergie des vagues

Wave power

nergie douce

Soft energy

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

Lcologie/Ecology

87

Lcologie/Ecology

88

nergie durable

Sustainable energy

nergie du vent

Wind energy

nergie hydrolectrique

Hydropower

nergie marmotrice

Tidal energy, tidal power

nergie solaire

Solar energy

nergies non renouvelables

Non-renewable energy,
conventional energy

nergies renouvelables

Sustainable or renewable
energies, renewables

Engrais biologique

Biofertilizer, organic fertilizer

Engrais vert

Green manure

Entreprise verte

Green company or rm

quilibre de la nature

Balance of nature

quilibre cologique

Ecological balance

Espce

Species

Espce protge

Protected species

valuation des dommages

Damage assessment

valuation des risques


environnementaux

Environmental risk assessment

Faire du compost

To compost

Faune

Wildlife

Faune et ore

Fauna and ora

Gnie cologique

Ecological engineering

Gothermie

Geothermal energy

Gestion de leau

Water management

Gestion de la biodiversit

Biodiversity management

Gestion globale des dchets

Global waste management

Groupe de pression cologiste

Green lobby

Habitat

Habitat

Impt cologique

Environmental tax

Indicateurs de dveloppement
durable (IDD)

Sustainable development
indicators

Industrie du recyclage

Recycling industry

Insecticide biologique

Bioinsecticide

Interdiction des essais nuclaires

Nuclear test ban

Lutte contre la pollution


atmosphrique

Air pollution control

March des droits polluer

Pollution rights market

Marketing cologique

Ecomarketing

Marketing vert

Green marketing

Mcanisme de dveloppement
propre

Clean development mechanism

Militantisme cologique

Green activism

Ministre de lEnvironnement

Department of the Environment

Mouvement cologique

Green or environmental
movement

Nappe phratique

Underground water,
groundwater

Nappes souterraines

Underground waters or reserves

Nature sauvage

Wilderness

Niche cologique

Ecological niche

Non recyclable

Non recyclable

Panneau solaire

Solar panel

Papier recycl

Recycled paper

Photosynthse

Photosynthesis

Plastiques recyclables

Recyclable plastics

Point de collecte

Collection outlet

Point verre

Collection point

Politique de lenvironnement

Environmental policy

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

Lcologie/Ecology

89

Lcologie/Ecology

90

Politique du recyclage

Recycling policy

Politique cologique

Green policy

Politique intgre de produits


(PIP)

Integrated product policy (IPP)

Pot catalytique

Catalytic converter, "cat"

Poubelle de recyclage

Recycling bin

Pouvoir des cologistes

Green power

Prvision dimpact sur


lenvironnement

Environmental forecasting

Principe pollueur-payeur

Polluter pays principle

Programme des Nations Unies


pour le Dveloppement (PNUD)

United Nations Development


Program (UNDP)

Protection de lenvironnement

Environmental protection

Protection de la nature

Nature conservation

Protger

To preserve

Prudence

Cautiousness

Prudent

Cautious

Quotas dmissions

Emissions quotas

Ramassage domicile

Doorstep collection

Ramassage des produits


recyclables domicile

Recycling collection service


from ones home

Reboisement

Reforestation, afforestation

Rcupration de lnergie

Energy recovery

Rcupration des dchets

Waste recovery

Recyclage

Recycling

Recyclage demballage

Packaging recycling

Recyclage des dchets

Waste recycling

Recyclage du papier

Paper recycling

Recyclage du verre

Glass recycling

Recycler

To recycle, to re-use

Redevance de dversement

Efuent charge

Redevance cologique

Ecological tax

Redevances de pollution

Pollution charges

Redevances pour pollution


de leau

Water pollution charges

Registre des missions

Emissions register

Rgles sanitaires

Sanitary regulations

Rintroduction danimaux

Animal species reintroduction

Rseau dalimentation en eau

Water system

Rseau trophique

Food web

Rserve de biosphre

Biosphere reserve

Responsabilit
environnementale

Environmental liability

Ressources naturelles

Natural resources

Ressources non renouvelables

Finite resources

Sac dos cologique

Ecological rucksack

Sauvegarde

Preservation

Se convertir lcologie

To go green

Sentier cologique

Ecological trail

Sources dnergie
de substitution

Alternative sources of energy

Systme dchange de quotas


dmissions

Emissions trading scheme

Technologie douce

Alternative technology

Tourisme cologique

Ecological tourism

Tourisme vert

Green tourism

Trier les ordures

To sort garbage

Valorisation des dchets

Waste recycling and use

Veille cologique

Ecological watch

Veille sanitaire

Health watch

Verts (n.)

Green Party, Greens, Ecology


Party

Voiture cologique

"Green" car

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

Lcologie/Ecology

91

Lcologie/Ecology

92

Voiture lectrique

Battery-powered or electric car

Voiture hybride

Hybrid car

Voiture propre

Clean car

Zone de protection marine

Marine conservation area

Zone dnuclarise

Nuclear-free zone

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

Le progrs, source
de pollution/Progress
as a source of pollution

Agent chimique

Chemical agent

Agent de contamination

Contaminant

Agent de pollution

Polluting agent

Air irrespirable

Unbreathable air

Alerte la pollution

Pollution alert

Algue

Alga (plu. -ae)

Algues toxiques

Toxic algae

Aliments pour animaux

Animal feed

Allergne

Allergen

Allergie

Allergy

93

Le progrs, source de pollution/Progress as a source of pollution

94

Amiante

Asbestos

Appauvrir la couche dozone

To deplete the ozone layer

Appauvrissement des sols

Soil depletion

Appauvrissement en ozone

Ozone depletion

Aridication

Aridication

Armes chimiques

Chemical weapons

Asschement des marais

Draining of marshes

Asschement des zones


humides

Drying out of wetlands

Au large

Offshore

Augmentation du niveau
de la mer

Sea-level rise, rise in sea level

Avalanche

Avalanche

Azote

Nitrogen

Baisse de la nappe phratique

Water table decline, phreatic


decline

Barge de rcupration

Skimmer vessel

Barrage ottant

Containment boom

Barrire de corail en danger

Endangered coral reef

Barrires ottantes

Floating oil barriers

Bioterrorisme

Bioterrorism

Bombe arosol, atomiseur

Aerosol spray, spray can

Bombe atomique

Atomic bomb

Bouchon (embouteillage)

Trafc jam

Boues dgout

Sewage sludge

Cancrigne

Carcinogenic

Canicule

Heat wave

Catastrophes naturelles

Natural disasters

Causer du tort

To do harm

Centrale lectrique

Power station, power plant

Centrale nuclaire

Nuclear power station or plant

Centrale thermique charbon

Coal-red plant

CFC (chlorouorocarbure)

CFC (chlorouorocarbon)

Changements atmosphriques

Atmospheric changes

Changements climatiques

Climate change

Charbon

Coal

Chemine dusine

Smokestack

Circulation automobile

Trafc

Climatisation

Air conditioning

Combustible

Fuel

Combustibles fossiles

Fossil fuels

Combustibles radioactifs

Radioactive fuels

Conservateur

Preservative

Constituer une menace

To pose a threat

Contaminer

To contaminate

Couche dozone

Ozone layer

Couche de glace

Ice sheet

Crise de lextinction plantaire

Global extinction crisis

Cyclone

Cyclone

Danger pour la sant

Health hazard

Dcharge

Landll (site), dump, dip, rubbish


heap

Dcharge illgale

Fly-tipping

Dcharge toxique

Hazardous waste site, toxic


landll site

Dcharges en mer

Dumping at sea

Dchets

Waste

Dchets agricoles

Agricultural waste

Dchets dangereux

Hazardous waste

Dchets industriels

Industrial waste

Dchets mnagers

Household waste

Dchets nuclaires

Nuclear waste

Dchets radioactifs

Radioactive waste

Dchets toxiques

Toxic waste

Dclencher

To trigger

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

Le progrs, source de pollution/Progress as a source of pollution

95

Le progrs, source de pollution/Progress as a source of pollution

96

Dforestation, dboisement

Deforestation

Dgts environnementaux

Environmental damage

Dgazage

Tank cleaning

Dgazer

To ush, to swill tanks

Dgradation des sols

Weathering

Dgradation cologique

Ecological damage

Dprissement de la fort

Forest decline

Dprissement de la vgtation

Vegetation loss

Dpotoir

Junk heap

Dsertication

Desertication

Dsherbant

Weedkiller

Destruction de la fort tropicale

Destruction of the rainforest

Dtritus (sur le sol)

Litter

Dtruire les forts tropicales

To wreck rainforests

Dtruire une espce

To wipe out a species

Dverser

To dump

Diesel

Diesel

Diminution de lozone

Ozone depletion

Dioxine

Dioxin

Dioxyde dazote (NO2)

Nitrogen dioxide

Dioxyde de carbone (CO2)

Carbon dioxide

Effet de serre

Greenhouse effect

gouts, eaux uses

Sewage

El Nio

El Nio

levage en batterie

Battery farming

levage hors-sol

Factory farming

levage industriel

Factory farming

levage intensif

Intensive animal breeding,


intensive farming

limination des dchets

Waste disposal

manations de dioxyde
de carbone

Carbon dioxide emissions

Emballage jeter

Disposable container

Embouteillage

Congestion

Emettre des gaz


dchappement

To emit exhaust fumes

missions toxiques

Toxic releases

Empoisonner

To poison

En voie de disparition

In danger of extinction,
threatened with extinction,
endangered

Encphalopathie spongiforme
bovine (ESB)

Bovine spongiform
encephalopathy (BSE)

Endommager

To damage

nergie nuclaire

Nuclear power

Enfouissement des dchets

Landll

Engrais

Fertiliser

pidmie

Epidemic

Espce disparue

Extinct species

Espce menace dextinction

Endangered species

Espce menace de disparition

Threatened species

Espces envahissantes

Invasive species

Essence

Petrol (GB), gas (US)

Expansion thermique des


ocans

Thermal expansion of the


oceans

Exploitation minire

Mining

Faire des ravages sur la plante

To wreak havoc on the planet

Feu de fort

Wildre

Fongicide

Fungicide

Fonte des glaces

Ice melt

Fonte des glaciers

Melting of glaciers

Forer

To drill

Fuite, voie deau

Leakage

Fumes dusine

Factory fumes

Fumier

Manure

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

Le progrs, source de pollution/Progress as a source of pollution

97

Le progrs, source de pollution/Progress as a source of pollution

98

Gaspiller

To be wasteful, to waste

Gaz effet de serre

Greenhouse gases (GHG)

Gaz dchappement

Exhaust fumes

Gaz naturel

Natural gas

Gaz toxique

Toxic gas

Glissement de terrain

Landslide

Graine hybride

Hybrid seed

Grippe aviaire

Bird u, avian u, inuenza

Guerre bactriologique

Germ warfare

Guerre chimique

Chemical warfare

Hormone

Hormone

Immersion des dchets

Sinking of waste

Immission

Immission

Incinrateur

Incinerator

Incinration

Incineration

Incinration des ordures


mnagres

Refuse incineration

Industrie chimique

Chemical industry

Industrie houillre

Coal industry

Inltration des engrais dans


la nappe phratique

Fertiliser runoff

Inondation

Flood, ooding

Insecticide

Insecticide

Intoxication alimentaire

Food poisoning

Jetable

Disposable, throwaway

Jeter

To throw out, to throw away

Laisser des dtritus

To litter

Lgionellose

Legionellosis, Legionnaires
disease

Lgionnelle

Legionella

Lessive, dtergent

Detergent

Liste rouge des espces


menaces de lIUCN

IUCN Red List of threatened


species

Livre Rouge (des espces


menaces)

Red Data Book

Maladie cardiovasculaire

Heart disease

Maladie de Creutzfeldt Jakob

Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease (CJD)

Maladie pidmique

Epidemic disease

Maladie respiratoire

Respiratory illness

Mare noire

Oil spill, spill, black tide

Mauvaises herbes

Weeds

Mesurer les risques sur la sant

To assess the health risks

Mthane

Methane

Mettre en danger

To jeopardise

Modier les climats

To alter weather patterns

Mondialisation

Globalization

Monoxyde dazote (NO)

Nitrogen oxide

Monoxyde de carbone (CO)

Carbon monoxide

Nappe de ptrole

Oil slick

Naufrage

Shipwreck

Nitrates

Nitrates

Nitrites

Nitrite

Non-biodgradable

Non-degradable

Nuage toxique

Poison cloud

Nuisible

Harmful

Objet jetable

Throwaway or disposable object

Oiseau mazout

Oiled bird

Ordures

Garbage, trash, rubbish, refuse

Ouragan

Hurricane

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

Le progrs, source de pollution/Progress as a source of pollution

99

Le progrs, source de pollution/Progress as a source of pollution

100

Pandmie

Pandemic

Pavillon de complaisance

Flag of convenience

Pesticide

Pesticide

Ptrole

Petroleum (GB), oil (US)

Ptrolier

Oil tanker

Plantes en danger

Plants at risk

Plastique

Plastics

Plate-forme de forage

Oil rig

Plomb

Lead

Pluies acides

Acid rain

Pluviomtrie

Rainfall

Polluant

Pollutant, contaminant

Polluant transport par le vent

Airborne pollutant

Polluer

To pollute

Pollueur

Polluter

Pollution atmosphrique

Air pollution

Pollution aux hydrocarbures

Oil pollution

Pollution aux nitrates

Nitrate pollution

Pollution de lair

Air pollution

Pollution des cours deau

Stream and river pollution

Pollution des eaux douces

Freshwater pollution

Pollution des sols

Soil pollution

Principe de prcaution

Precautionary principle

Produit cancrigne

Carcinogen

Produit chimique

Chemical

Produits chimiques agricoles

Agrochemicals

Produits combustibles

Burnables

Produits lourds

Durables

Produits nuisibles

Harmfuls

Protoxyde dazote (N2O)

Nitrogen protoxide, nitrous oxide

Qualit de lair

Air quality

Quatre-quatre

4x4 sports utility vehicle (SUV)

Rafnerie de ptrole

Oil renery

Raz-de-mare

Tidal wave

Rchauffement de la plante

Global warming

Rejet dhydrocarbures

Oil spill

Rejet dans latmosphre

Discharge into the atmosphere

Rejet de dchets en mer

Dumping at sea, ocean


dumping

Rejet des eaux uses


non traites

Raw sewage discharges

Rejets automobiles

Automobile emissions

Rejets radioactifs

Radioactive discharges

Rejets thermiques

Thermal discharges

Relcher dans latmosphre

To release in the atmosphere

Rseau trophique

Food web

Retombes radioactives

Radioactive fallout

Retraitement des dchets


nuclaires

Reprocessing of nuclear waste

Risque environnemental

Environmental risk

Risque pour la sant

Health hazard

Risques naturels

Natural hazards

Sinltrer dans la terre

To run off the land

Scheresse

Drought

Seuil critique

Critical threshold

Seuil de toxicit

Toxicity threshold

Smog

Smog

Socit de consommation

Consumer society

SRAS (syndrome respiratoire


aigu svre)

SARS (severe acute respiratory


syndrome)

Station dpuration

Sewage plant

Surexploitation

Overexploitation

Systme dchange de droits


dmission

Emissions trading system

Systme de pompage

Pumping system

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

Le progrs, source de pollution/Progress as a source of pollution

101

Le progrs, source de pollution/Progress as a source of pollution

102

Tempte

Storm

Tornade

Tornado

Traitement des boues

Sludge processing

Traitement des dchets


nuclaires

Disposal of radioactive waste

Traitement des eaux uses

Wastewater treatment

Traitement des ordures

Refuse disposal

Trou dans la couche dozone

Hole in the ozone layer,


ozone hole

Tsunami

Tsunami

Typhon

Typhoon

Union internationale pour la


conservation de la nature

International Union for the


Conservation of Nature

Usine dincinration

Combustion or incineration
plant

Usine de produits chimiques

Chemical factory

Usines

Factories, manufactures

Vache folle

Mad cow disease

Vaisselle jetable

Disposable dishes

Vhicule quatre roues


motrices

Four-wheel drive car

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

LEspace/Space

bord

Aboard, on board

Achondrite

Achondrite

Activit solaire

Solar activity

Albdo

Albedo

Aligner

To line up

Amas

Cluster

Amas de galaxies

Galactic cluster

Amas globulaire

Globular or star cluster

Amas ouvert

Open cluster

Anne lumire

Light year

Antimatire

Antimatter

Apesanteur

Weightlessness

Aphlie

Aphelion

Apoge

Apogee

Astre

Celestial body

Astronaute

Astronaut

Astronome

Astronomer

103

LEspace/Space

104

Astronomie

Astronomy

Astronomique

Astronomic

Atterrir

To touch down, to land

Atterrissage

Touchdown, landing

Aurore australe

Aurora australis

Aurore borale

Aurora borealis

Axe mineur

Minor axis

Axe polaire

Polar axis

Azimut

Azimuth

Binaire spectroscopique

Spectroscopic binary

Ceinture dastrodes

Asteroid belt

Champ magntique

Magnetic eld

Charge utile

Live load

Chemin de lclipse

Eclipse path

Chondrite

Chondrite

Chondrule

Chondrule

Chromosphre

Chromosphere

Comte

Comet

Compte rebours

Countdown

Conns de lunivers

Far reaches of the universe

Conjonction

Conjunction

Constellation

Constellation

Cosmologie

Cosmology

Cosmonaute

Cosmonaut

Couronne

Corona (plu. -ae)

Cycle des taches solaires

Sunspot cycle

De Kepler

Keplerian

Dcalage vers le bleu

Blueshift

Dcalage vers le rouge

Redshift

Dclinaison

Declination

Dcollage

Lift-off, take-off

Dcoller

To lift off, to take off

Dtecteur

Sensor

Disque

Disc

clipse

Eclipse

clipse annulaire

Annular eclipse

clipse partielle

Partial eclipse

clipse totale

Total eclipse

cliptique

Ecliptic

Effet Doppler

Doppler effect

Elliptique

Elliptical

longation

Elongation

En apesanteur

Gravity-free

Engin spatial

Spacecraft

quateur

Equator

quateur cleste

Celestial Equator

quinoxial

Equinoctial

quinoxe

Equinox

quipage

Crew

toile neutrons

Neutron star

toile binaire

Binary star

toiles circumpolaires

Circumpolar stars

toile variable

Variable star

Exosphre

Exosphere

Exploration

Exploration

Explorer

To explore

Extragalactique

Extragalactic

Fuse

Rocket

Fuse de lancement

Blaster rocket

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

LEspace/Space

105

LEspace/Space

106

Galaxie elliptique

Elliptical galaxy

Galaxie en spirale barre

Barred spiral galaxy

Galaxie en spirale

Spiral galaxy

Galaxie irrgulire

Irregular galaxy

Galaxie

Galaxy

Gante rouge

Red giant

Gante

Giant

Granulation

Granulation

Gravit

Gravity

Graviter

To orbit

Groupe local

Local Group

Halo (de galaxie)

Halo (of galaxy)

Hliocentrique

Heliocentric

Inclinaison

Tilt

Incliner

To tilt

Ionisation

Ionisation

Ionosphre

Ionosphere

Lancement

Launch

Lancer

To launch

Latitude

Latitude

Ligne dmission

Emission line

Longitude

Longitude

Longueur donde

Wavelength

Lumire zodiacale

Zodiacal light

Luminosit

Luminosity

Lune

Moon

Lune gibbeuse

Gibbous Moon

Magntosphre

Magnetosphere

Magnitude

Magnitude

Magnitude absolue

Absolute magnitude

Magnitude apparente

Apparent magnitude

Mer

Mare (plu. -ria)

Mridien

Meridian

Msosphre

Mesosphere

Mtore

Meteor

Mtorite

Meteorite

Mtorode

Meteoroid

Mettre feu

To blast

Mise feu

Blast-off

Mission sans quipage

Unmanned mission

Mouvement ou rotation
rtrograde

Retrograde motion or rotation

Nadir

Nadir

Naine blanche

White dwarf

Naine noire

Black dwarf

Naine

Dwarf

Navette

Shuttle

Navette spatiale

Space shuttle

Nbuleuse du crabe

Crab nebula

Nbuleuse en mission

Emission nebula

Nbuleuse plantaire

Planetary nebula

Nbuleuse rchissante

Reection nebula

Nbuleuse solaire

Solar nebula

Nbuleuse

Nebula (plu.-ae)

Neutron

Neutron

Nouveau catalogue gnral

New General Catalog (NGC)

Nouvelle lune

New moon

Nova

Nova (plu. -ae or -as)

Noyau

Core

Nuage dOort

Oort cloud

Nuages de Magellan

Clouds of Magellan

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

LEspace/Space

107

LEspace/Space

108

Objectif

Lens

Objet astronomique

Astronomical object

Objet cleste

Celestial object

Occultation

Occultation

Ombre

Umbra (plu. -as or -ae)

Opposition

Opposition

Orage magntique

Magnetic storm

Orbite

Orbit

Ozonosphre

Ozonosphere

Panache (de fume)

Plume

Pas de tir

Launch pad

Pnombre

Penumbra

Prige

Perigee

Prihlie

Perihelion

Pesanteur

Gravity

Phases de la lune

Phases of the moon

Photosphre

Photosphere

Plan de lcliptique

Ecliptic plane

Plante infrieure

Inferior planet

Plante jovienne

Jovian planet

Plante terrestre

Terrestrial planet

Pleine lune

Full moon

Pluie de mtores

Meteor shower

Ple magntique

Magnetic pole

Poussire interstellaire

Interstellar dust

Prcession

Precession

Prendre de la vitesse

To pick up speed

Pulsar

Pulsar

Quasar

Quasar

Quitter la trajectoire

To veer off course

Radiation lectromagntique

Electromagnetic radiation

Radiations ultraviolettes

Ultraviolet radiation

Rayons cosmiques

Cosmic rays

Rayons gamma

Gamma rays

Recherche spatiale

Space research

Rfracteur

Refractor

Rfraction

Refraction

Rotation

Rotation

Rougeoiement

Reddening

Satellite

Satellite

Satellites galilens

Galilean satellites

Squence principale

Main sequence

Sidrale

Sidereal

Solstice

Solstice

Sonde

Probe

Spectre

Spectrum (plu. -a)

Spectre dmission

Emission spectrum

Spectrographe

Spectrograph

Spectromtre

Spectrometer

Spectrophotomtrie

Spectrophotometry

Spectroscope

Spectroscope

Stratosphre

Stratosphere

Super gante

Supergiant

Tache solaire

Sunspot

Tlescope rexion

Reecting telescope

Tlescope rfraction

Refracting telescope

Tlescope de Newton

Newtonian telescope

Terminator

Terminator

Tte (de comte)

Head (of comet)

Thorie du Big Bang

Big Bang Theory

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

LEspace/Space

109

LEspace/Space

110

Thermosphre

Thermosphere

Tourner autour de la Terre

To circle the Earth

Trane

Trail

Trajectoire

Path

Trajectoire de vol

Flight path

Transit

Transit

Troposphre

Troposphere

Trou noir

Black Hole

Unit astronomique

Astronomical unit (AU)

Univers en expansion

Expansion universe

Univers ouvert

Open universe

Vaisseau spatial

Spacecraft

Variable de type RR Lyrae

RR Lyrae variable

Vhicule habit

Manned vehicle

Vlocit

Velocity

Vent solaire

Solar wind

Voie lacte

Milky Way

Vol

Flight

Vol habit

Manned ight

Vol spatial

Space ight

Znith

Zenith

Zodiaque

Zodiac

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

LInformatique/
Computer Science

Achats en ligne

Online or Internet shopping

Acheter par Internet

To shop on the Net, to shop


online

Adresse de site internet

Web address

Adresse internet

Email address

Afcher lcran

To display

Amliorer

To upgrade

Annexe

Attachment

Antivirus

Antivirus

Architecture informatique

Computer architecture

Banque de donnes

Data bank

Barrette mmoire

RAM chip

Base de donnes

Database

111

LInformatique/Computer Science

112

Bavarder

To chat

Bit

Bit (binary digit)

Bogue

Bug

Borne Wi-Fi

Wi-Fi hot spot

Bureau

Desktop

Capacit de mmoire

Storage capacity

Carte graphique

Graphics board

Carte interface

Interface board

Carte mre

Motherboard

Cartouche dencre

Ink cartridge

CD-ROM

CD-ROM

Chiffre

Figure

Clavier

Keyboard

Clavier AZERTY

AZERTY keyboard

Clavier QUERTY

QWERTY keyboard

Cl daccs

Key

Cl USB

USB key

Clic

Click

Cliquer

To click

Codage des donnes

Data encryption

Code daccs

Code number

Commerce en ligne

E-commerce

Comptence en informatique

Computer literacy

Compresser

To pack

Compression de donnes

Data compression

Concepteur de sites web

Web designer

Conception assiste par


ordinateur (CAO)

Computer-aided design (CAD)

Congurer

To congure

Contrevenant

Offender

Convivial

User-friendly

Copie de sauvegarde

Backup

Copier / coller

Cut and paste

Correcteur orthographique

Spell check

Courriel

Email

Cration de pages web

Web authoring

Criminalit informatique

Computer crime

Curseur

Cursor

Cybercaf

Cybercaf

Cyberespace

Cyberspace

Cybernaute

Cybernaut

Dbit

Throughput

Dfragmenter

To defrag

Disque dur

Hard disc

Disquette

Floppy disc

Donnes

Data

Dossier

File

Droits dauteur

Copyrights

DVD

DVD

change de chiers

File-swapping

changer de la musique
en ligne

To swap music online

cran

Screen

craser

To overwrite

dition sur le web

Web publishing

Effacer

To erase, to delete

En gras

In bold type

En ligne

Online

Enseignement en ligne

E-learning

Ensemble de donnes

Data set

Entre

Input

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

LInformatique/Computer Science

113

LInformatique/Computer Science

114

Entreposage de donnes

Data warehousing

re informatique

Computer age

Erreur de logiciel

Software bug

Etre dutilisation facile

To be user friendly

Exploitation de donnes

Data mining

Extraction de donnes

Data retrieval

Extraire

To retrieve

Fabrication assiste par


ordinateur

Computer-aided manufacturing

Faire la mise en page

To edit, to lay out

Favoris

Hotlist, bookmarks

Fichier

File

Fichier de conguration

Setup le

Fichier musical

Music le

Foire aux questions

FAQ (Frequently Asked


Questions)

Forum

News group, forum

Fournisseur daccs

Internet provider

Gestion de chiers

File management

Gestion de rseaux

Networking

Hbergement de sites web

Web hosting

Images de synthse
(animation)

Computer animation

Imprimante

Printer

Infographie, images
de synthse

Computer graphics

Informaticien

Computer scientist,
computerist (US)

Informatisation

Computerisation

Informatiser

To computerise

Initi lordinateur

Computer-literate, computerate

Intelligence articielle

Articial intelligence (AI)

Interligne simple ou double

Single or double spacing

Internaute

Netsurfer

Internet

Internet

Jargon informatique

Computerese

Jeu lectronique

Computer game

Langage de programmation

Computer language

Lecteur de CD-ROM

CD-ROM player

Lecteur de DVD

DVD player

Lien hypertexte

Hyperlink

Listing

Printout

Localisation de panne

Fault nding

Logiciel

Software

Logiciel commercial pirat et


mis en ligne

Warez (slang)

Logiciel de traitement de texte

Word processing software

March de lachat domicile

Home shopping market

Matriel informatique

Hardware

Mmoire

Storage

Mmoire morte

ROM (Read Only Memory)

Mmoire tampon

Buffer memory

Mmoire virtuelle

Virtual memory

Mmoire vive

RAM (Random Access Memory)

Mettre jour

To update

Mettre en route

To start up

Mettre un dossier en ligne

To post a le online

Mise en mmoire

Storage

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

LInformatique/Computer Science

115

LInformatique/Computer Science

116

Modlisation

Modelling

Modem

Modem

Moniteur

Monitor

Mot de passe

Password

Moteur de recherche

Search engine

Navigateur, logiciel
de navigation

Web browser

Nom dutilisateur

Username

Numrique

Digital

Octet

Byte

Ordinateur

Computer

Ordinateur de bureau

PC, personal or desktop


computer

Ordinateur portable

Laptop, handheld or portable


computer

Page daccueil

Home page

Page web

Web page

Pair--pair

Peer-to-peer, peer-2-peer, P2P

Panne dordinateur

Computer failure

Paramtres

Settings

Parcourir

To browse

Pare-feu

Firewall

Pav numrique

Numeric keypad

Peer-to-peer

Peer-to-peer, peer-2-peer, P2P

Priphrique

Peripheral

Piratage de logiciels

Software piracy

Piratage en ligne

Online piracy

Pirate

Hacker

Pirater

To pirate, to crack

Piste

Track

Planter

To crash

Police

Font

Port USB

USB port

Problme informatique

Computing problem

Progiciel

Software package

Programmation

Programming

Programme de destruction

Worm

Programme de partage
de chiers en ligne

Online le-sharing programme

Programme informatique

Computer programme

Programmeur

Computer operator

Puce

Chip

Raccourci

Shortcut

Reconnaissance de la parole

Voice recognition

Rcuprer des donnes

To retrieve data

Rinitialiser

To reboot

Rpertoire

Directory

Rseau

Network

Sy connatre en ordinateurs

To be computer smart

Saut de page

Page break

Sauvegarder

To save

Scanner

Scanner

Se connecter internet

To log on the Net

Serveur

Web server

Service de tlchargement
payant

Paid-for download service

Site de bavardage

Chatroom

Site internet

Website, site

Socit lheure
de linformatique

Computer society

Socit de services et de
conseils en informatique

A software company

Sortie papier

Hard copy, printout

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

LInformatique/Computer Science

117

LInformatique/Computer Science

118

Souris

Mouse

Stockage

Storage

Stocker des donnes

To store data

Streaming ou diffusion
en continu

Web streaming

Surfer sur le net

To surf on the Net

Systme dexploitation

Operating system (OS)

Systme informatique

Computer system

Tableur

Spreadsheet

Tapis

Mouse-pad

Technologie assiste par


ordinateur

Computer monitoring
technology

Technologie de linformation

Information technology

Tlchargement

Downloading

Tlcharger

To download

Tlphone par internet

Web phone

Terminal

Terminal

Toile

Web

Tomber en panne

To fail

Touche de clavier

Key

Traitement des donnes

Data processing

Traitement de texte

Word-processing

Traiter

To process

Transfert de chiers

File transfer

Unit centrale

Mainframe, central processing


unit (CPU)

Utilisateurs dinternet

Internet users

Virus

Virus

Vote par internet

E-voting

Webmestre

Webmaster, webmistress

Wi-Fi

Wi-Fi

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

LInformatique/Computer Science

Lire une adresse en franais et en anglais :


www.google.com
En franais : double v, double v, double v, point, google, point, com,
barre oblique
En anglais : double you, double you, double you, dot, google, dot, com,
slash
ann.smith@yahoo.com
En franais : ann, point, smith, arobase, yahoo, point, com
En anglais : ann, dot, smith, at, yahoo, dot, com

119

Les Sciences
Industrielles/Engineering

120

Acier

Steel

Acier inoxydable

Stainless steel

Acirie

Steel works

Agent de matrise

Supervisor

Agglomrat

Cluster

Ajuster

To trim

Ajusteur

Fitter

Alliage

Alloy

Anthracite

Anthracite

Arbre de couche

Shaft

Ardoise

Slate

Automatiser

To automate

Bton

Concrete

Bton arm

Reinforced concrete

Bton pr-contraint

Prestressed concrete

Bureau dtudes

Research department

Carreau de pltre

Plaster tile

Carrelage

Tile

Carrire (gologie)

Quarry

Centrale lectrique

Power plant

Centrale hydrolectrique

Hydroelectric plant

Centrale nuclaire

Nuclear power plant

Centrale solaire

Photovoltaic plant

Centrale thermique

Power station

Centre de recherches

Research centre

Cramique

Ceramic

Chane de montage

Assembly line

Chaleur

Heat

Charbon

Coal

Charbonnages

Coal industry

Chauffage

Heating

Chaudire

Boiler

Chimique

Chemical

Ciment

Cement

Cimenterie

Cement works

Clouer

To nail

Coller

To glue

Commutateur

Switch

Concevoir

To conceive, to devise

Conducteur (adj.)

Conducting

Conducteur dengins

Heavy plant driver

Conducteur de travaux

Clerk of works

Conduit

Duct

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

Les Sciences Industrielles/Engineering

121

Les Sciences Industrielles/Engineering

122

Contrematre

Foreman

Couche

Layer

Couler

To cast

Coupe-circuit

Circuit-breaker

Courroie de transmission

Driving-belt

Court-circuit

Short-circuit

Dalle

Slab

Dfectueux

Faulty

Dispositif de scurit

Safety device

lectricit

Electricity

levage industriel

Factory farming

nergie

Energy

Engins

Heavy plant

Engrenage

Gear

Enrobage

Coating

quipement usage industriel

Heavy-duty equipment

tanchit

Waterproong

Excavateur

Excavator

Extraction

Extraction (oil), mining (ore)

Fabrications de pointe

Advanced manufacturing

Fabriquer

To manufacture

Faire un alliage

To alloy

Fer

Iron

Fibres optiques

Fibre optics

Fibres synthtiques

Synthetic bres

Fonderie

Smelting works

Fondre

To smelt

Forge

Iron works

Forger

To forge

Fourneau

Furnace

Fraiseuse

Milling machine

Fusion

Fusion

Gaine

Sheath

Graissage

Lubrication

Grue

Crane

Ignifug

Fireproof

Industrialiser

To industrialise

Industrie alimentaire

Food (processing) industry

Industrie chimique

Chemical industry

Industrie dassemblage

Assembling industry

Industrie de luxe

Luxury goods industry

Industrie de prcision

Precision tool industry

Industrie de transformation

Processing industry

Industriels de lautomobile

Car or automobile
manufacturers

Industriels du textile

Textile manufacturers

Industrie lgre

Light industry

Industrie lourde

Heavy industry

Industrie minire

Mining industry

Industrie pharmaceutique

Pharmaceutical or drug industry

Industries du livre

Book-related industries

Ingnieur

Engineer

Ingnieur des mines

Mining engineer

Inoxydable

Stainless

Isolant

Insulator

Isolation

Insulation

Lignite

Lignite

Liqufaction

Liquefaction

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

Les Sciences Industrielles/Engineering

123

Les Sciences Industrielles/Engineering

124

Machine

Machine

Machine-outil

Machine tool

Manufacture

Manufacture

Marteau piqueur

Sledgehammer

Matriaux composites

Composite materials

Matriaux de construction

Building materials

Matriaux de haute
performance

High performance materials

Matriaux lgers

Lightweight materials

Matire plastique

Plastics

Matire premire

Raw material

Mcanique

Mechanics

Mcatronique

Mechatronics

Mtallurgie

Metallurgical industry, metallurgy

Mine

Mine

Minerai

Ore

Montage

Assembly

Monte-charge

Hoist

Outillage

Machinery

Ouvrier de fabrication

Production worker

Ouvrier dusine

Factory worker

Ouvrier quali

Skilled worker

Panneau prfabriqu

Precast panel

Peinture

Painting (activity),
paint (material)

Perceuse

Drill

Plastique

Plastics

Plasturgie

Plastics technology

Plomb

Lead

Polymre

Polymer

Ponceuse

Sander

Poste de travail

Work station

Potasse

Potash

Poutre

Beam

Prise femelle

Socket

Prise male

Plug

Procd

Process

Processus

Process

Produire

To produce

Produit chimique

Chemical

Prototype

Prototype

Prototype en tat de marche

Working prototype

Rendement

Output

Rpondre aux normes


de scurit

To meet safety standards

Rsine

Resin

Rsistance

Resistance

Rsistance des matriaux

Strength of materials

Rsistance mcanique

Mechanical resistance

Rsistant

Strong

Rsistant la chaleur

Heatproof

Robotique

Robotics

Roulement

Turnover

Roulements bille

Bearings

Solidication

Solidication

Souder

To solder

Soudure larc

Arc welding

Soupape

Valve

Source dnergie

Source of energy

Station hydraulique

Waterworks

Tour

Lathe

Tout en plastique

All-plastic

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

Les Sciences Industrielles/Engineering

125

Les Sciences Industrielles/Engineering

126

Travaux publics

Public works

Treuil

Windlass

Turbine

Turbine

Usine

Factory

Usine gaz

Gas works

Usine sidrurgique

Iron works

Ventilateur

Fan

Fiches mthodes

Lexique anglais/franais

Lexique
anglais/franais
Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

Aalenian
superior

Aalnien
suprieur

Acidic (adj.)

Acide

Acne

Acn

Abatement cost

Cot de
dpollution

Acoustics

Acoustique

Abdomen

Abdomen

Abdominal pain

Douleur
abdominale

Acquired
Immune
Deciency
Syndrome (AIDS)

Syndrome
Immunodcitaire Acquis
(SIDA)

Abelian group

Groupe ablien

Activation

Activation

Abnormal

Anormal

Aboard

bord

Activation
energy

Energie
dactivation

Abort

Avorter

Active volcano

Volcan en
activit

Actualism

Actualisme

Acute

Aigu

Acute Angle

Angle aigu

Abortion

Avortement

Abscissa

Abscisse

Absolute
magnitude

Magnitude
absolue

Absolute value

Valeur absolue

Add

Additionner

Zro absolu

Addition

Addition

Absorption
spectrum

Spectre
dabsorption

Adenoids

Vgtations

Adhesion

Adhsion

Academic

Universitaire

Adjacency

Contigut

Acceleration

Acclration

Adjacent

Adjacent

Accelerator

Acclrateur

Adsorption

Adsorption

Accident

Accident

Advance (n.)

Avance

Accretion

Accrtion

Advance (v.)

Progresser

Accuracy

Exactitude

Acetone

Actone

Advanced
manufacturing

Fabrications
de pointe

Ache

Douleur

Aerodynamics

Arodynamique

Achieve

Russir

Aerophagy

Arophagie

Achievement

Exploit

Aerosol

Arosol

Achondrite

Achondrite

Aerosol spray

Acid (n.)

Acide

Bombe arosol,
atomiseur

Acid rain

Pluies acides

Afne geometry

Gomtrie afne

Acidic

Acidique

Absolute zero

Afforestation

Reboisement

Age

poque

Lexique anglais/franais

129

Agnathan

Agnathe

Alkaloid

Alcalode

Agricultural
waste

Dchets
agricoles

Alkane

Alcane

Alkene

Alcne

Agrobiologist

Agrobiologiste

Alkyne

Alcyne

Agrobiology

Agrobiologie

Allele

Allle

Agrochemicals

Produits
chimiques
agricoles

Allergen

Allergne

Allergy

Allergie

Agrochimie

Allotrope

Allotrope

AI (Articial
intelligence)

IA (intelligence
articielle)

Alloy (n.)

Alliage

Alloy (v.)

Faire un alliage

AIDS

SIDA

All-plastic

AIDS carrier

Porteur du SIDA

Tout en
plastique

Air

Air

Alpha particle

Particule alpha

Air conditioning

Climatisation

Air pollution

Pollution atmosphrique ou
de lair

Alter weather
patterns

Modier les
climats

Alter-globalisation

Altermondialisation

Air pollution
control

Lutte contre
la pollution
atmosphrique

Alternative energy

Energie
alternative

Airborne
pollutant

Polluant transport par


le vent

Alternative
medicine

Air quality

Qualit de lair

Mdecine
alternative
ou douce ou
naturelle ou
parallle

Albedo

Albdo

Alchemist

Alchimiste

Alternative
sources of
energy

Sources
dnergie de
substitution

Alchemy

Alchimie

Alcohol

Alcool

Alternative
technology

Technologie
douce

Alcoholism

Alcoolisme

Alumina

Alumine

Alcohol level

Taux
dalcoolmie

Aluminium

Aluminium

Aluminium oxide

Alumine

Aldehyde

Aldhyde

Alga (plu. -ae)

Algue

Alzheimers
disease

Maladie
dAlzheimer

Algebra

Algbre

Amber

Ambre

Algebraic

Algbrique

Ambience

Ambiance

Algorithm

Algorithme

Ambient

Ambiant

Alkali metal

Mtal alcalin

Ambulance

Ambulance

Alkaline

Alcalin

Ambulance
man

Ambulancier

Agrochemistry

130

Amide

Angle

Angle

Amine

Amin

Amino acid

Acide amin

Angle of
incidence

Angle
dincidence

Ammeter

Ampremtre

Ammonia

Ammoniac

Angle of
refraction

Angle de
rfraction

Ammoniac

Ammoniac

Angular
momentum

Vitesse angulaire

Ammoniate

Ammoniacate

Anhydride

Anhydride

Ammonia water

Ammoniaque

Anhydrous

Anhydre

Ammonite

Ammonite

Animal

Animal

Ammonium

Ammonium

Animal cloning

Ammonolysis

Ammonolyse

Clonage
animal

Amnesia

Amnsie

Animal feed

Amoeba

Amibe

Aliments pour
animaux

Amorphous

Amorphe

Animal species
reintroduction

Rintroduction
danimaux

Ampere

Ampre

Anion

Anion

Amperometry

Ampromtrie

Annular eclipse

clipse annulaire

Amphibian

Amphibien

Anode

Anode

Amphoteric

Amphotre

Anolyte

Anolyte

Amplitude

Amplitude

Anomaly

Anomalie

Amputate

Amputer

Anorexia

Anorexie

Amputation

Amputation

Anthracene

Anthracne

Anaemia

Anmie

Anthracite

Anthracite

Anaemic

Anmique

Anthrax

Anaesthesia

Anesthsie

Maladie du
charbon

Analyse

Analyser

Anthropologist

Anthropologue

Analysis

Analyse

Anthropology

Anthropologie

Analytic
geometry

Gomtrie
analytique

Antibiotics

Antibiotiques

Antibody

Anticorps

Analytical
chemistry

Chimie
analytique

Anti-depressant

Antidpresseur

Anamnesis

Anamnse

Anti-earthquake
standard

Norme
parasismique

Anatomy

Anatomie

Anti-globalisation

Ancestor

Anctre

Altermondialisation

Ancestry

Ascendance

Altermondialiste

Ancient

Trs ancien

Anti-globalisation
activist

Aneroid

Anrode

Angiosperms

Angiospermes

Anti-GM
defender

Militant
anti-OGM

Lexique anglais/franais

Amide

131

Anti-GM lobby

Argilite

Argilite

Argon

Argon

Aridication

Aridication

Arise

Apparatre
(espce)

Antimatter

Antimatire

Antimony

Antimoine

Antineutrino

Antineutrino

Armature

Armature

Antinucleon

Antinuclon

Mdecin militaire

Antiparticle

Antiparticule

Army medical
ofcer

Antispasmodic

Antispasmodique

Arsenic

Arsenic

Arteriography

Artriographie

Antiviral

Antiviral

Artery

Artre

Antivirus

Antivirus

Arthritis

Arthrite

Anxiolitic

Anxiolytique

Arthropod

Arthropode

Apex

Sommet
(3 dimensions)

Arthrosis

Arthrose

Aphelion

Aphlie

Articial
insemination (AI)

Insmination
articielle (IA)

Apogee

Apoge

Apomorphic

Apomorphique

Apparatus

Instruments

Articial
insemination by
donor (AID)

Insmination
articielle par
donneur (IAD)

Apparatus

Appareil

Apparent magnitude

Magnitude
apparente

Articial
intelligence (AI)

Intelligence
articielle (IA)

Asbestos

Amiante

Appendicitis

Appendicite

Ash

Cendres

Appendix

Appendice

Application

Application

Assembling
industry

Industrie
dassemblage

Applied
chemistry

Chimie
applique

Assembly

Montage

Assembly line

Applied research

Recherche
applique

Chane de
montage

Aqueous

Aqueux

Assess the health


risks

Mesurer les
risques sur
la sant

Arboreal

Arboricole

Asteroid belt

Arc

Arc

Ceinture
dastrodes

Arc welding

Soudure larc

Asthenia

Asthnie

Archae

Archae

Asthenosphere

Asthnosphre

Archaeologist

Archologue

Asthma

Asthme

Archaeology

Archologie

Astronaut

Astronaute

Surface,
supercie

Astronomer

Astronome

Astronomic

Astronomique

Area

132

Groupe
de pression
anti-OGM

Objet
astronomique

Aurora borealis

Aurore borale

Auscultation

Auscultation

Astronomical unit
(AU)

Unit
astronomique

Autoecology

Autocologie

Astronomy

Astronomie

Automate

Automatiser

Astrophysicist

Astrophysicien

Automobile
emissions

Rejets
automobiles

Astrophysics

Astrophysique

Athermic

Athermique

Automobile
manufacturers

Industriels de
lautomobile

Atmospheric
changes

Changements
atmosphriques

Auxiliary nurse

Aide soignant

Atom

Atome

Auxiliary nursing
staff

Personnel
soignant

Atomic

Atomique

Avalanche

Avalanche

Atomic bomb

Bombe
atomique

Average

Moyenne

Avian u

Grippe aviaire

Masse
atomique

Avian inuenza

Grippe aviaire
Campagne de
sensibilisation

Atomic mass
Atomic number

Nombre
atomique

Awareness-building
campaign

Attachment

Annexe

Axis

Axe

Attending
physician

Mdecin
traitant

Azeotrope

Azotrope

Aurora australis

Aurore australe

Azerty keyboard

Clavier azerty

Azimuth

Azimut

Lexique anglais/franais

Astronomical
object

B
Back-EMF
Backup

Force contre-lectromotrice

Bain-marie

Bain-marie

Bajocian

Bajocien

Copie de
sauvegarde

Balance (n.)

Bilan, quilibre

Balance (v.)

Pondrer
quilibre de la
nature

Bactericidal

Bactricide

Bactericide

Bactricide

Balance of
nature

Bacteriology

Bactriologie

Balloon

Ballon

Bacteriostatic

Bactriostatique

Bandage

Pansement

Bacterium
(plu. -a)

Bactrie

Bank

Rive

Barium

Baryum

133

134

Barometer

Baromtre

Beta particles

Particules Bta

Barred spiral
galaxy

Galaxie en
spirale barre

Big Bang theory

Thorie du Big
Bang

Barycentre

Barycentre

Binary

Binaire

Baryta

Baryte

Binary star

toile binaire

Basaltic

Basaltique

Binding energy

Base

Base

nergie de
liaison

Basic

Basique

Boulimie

Basic research

Recherche
fondamentale

Binge-eating
syndrome (US)
Bioagriculture

Basin

Bassin

Industrie
bioalimentaire

Basis

Base

Biocenosis

Biocnose

Battery

Batterie ou pile

Battery farming

levage en
batterie

Biochemist

Biochimiste

Biochemistry

Biochimie

Biocoenosis

Biocnose

Biodegradation

Biodgradation

Biodetergent

Dtergent
biologique

Biodiversity

Biodiversit

Biodiversity
management

Gestion de la
biodiversit

Biofertilizer

Engrais
biologique

Battery-powered
car

Voiture
lectrique

Bay

Baie

Be computer
smart

Sy connatre en
ordinateurs

Be on a life
support
machine

tre sous
assistance
respiratoire

Be operated on

Subir une
opration

Biofood sector

Industrie
bioalimentaire

Be state
approved

Reconnu dutilit
publique

Biofuels

Biocarburants

Bioinsecticide

Be user friendly

tre dutilisation
facile

Insecticide
biologique

Biologist

Biologiste

Be wasteful

Gaspiller

Biology

Biologie

Beaker

Vase bec

Biomass

Biomasse

Beam

Faisceau, poutre

Biomass energy

Bearings

Roulements
bille

nergie
biomasse

Biome

Biome

Become extinct

Disparatre

Biophysicist

Biophysicien

Benign

Bnin

Biophysics

Biophysique

Bernoullis
principle

Principe de
Bernoulli

Biopsy

Biopsie

Beryllium

Bryllium

Bio-safety
measures

Mesures de
scurit
biologique

Biosphre

Blow-torch

Chalumeau

Biosphere
reserve

Rserve de
biosphre

Blueshift

Dcalage vers
le bleu

Biostratigraphy

Biostratigraphie

Body

Corps

Biota

Biote

Biotechnology

Biotechnologie

Body-centred
cubic

Cubique face
centre

Bioterrorism

Bio terrorisme

Boiler

Chaudire

Biped

Bipde

Boiling

bullition

Bird u

Grippe aviaire

Boiling point

Point dbullition

Bit (binary digit)

Bit

Bone

Os

Bivalve

Bookmarks

Favoris

Black dwarf

Naine noire

Industries du livre

Black hole

Trou noir

Book-related
industries

Black spil

Mare noire

Borehole

Trou de sonde

Black tide

Mare noire

Boron

Bore

Bladder

Vessie

Bottle redemption
centre

Blast (n.)

Explosion

Centre de
rcupration
du verre

Blast (v.)

Mettre feu

Bout of (stress)

Accs de (stress)

Blaster rocket

Fuse de
lancement

Blast-off

Mise feu

Bovine
spongiform
encephalopathy
(BSE)

Encphalopathie
spongiforme
bovine (ESB)

Bleeding

Hmorragie

Bowels

Intestins

Blend (n.)

Mlange

Boyles law

Loi de Boyle

Blend (v.)

Mlanger

Braces

Blister

Ampoule

Blood

Sang

Blood cell

Globule

Appareil
dentaire,
armature
orthopdique

Blood donor

Donneur de
sang

Brain

Cerveau

Breach (n.)

Perce

Breach (v.)

Percer

Breakthrough

Dcouverte
majeure

Breeder reactor

Surgnrateur

Bring to a boil

Porter bullition

Bromine

Brome

Bronchitis

Bronchite

Bronchopneumonia

Bronchopneumonie

Bivalve

Blood
poisoning

Empoisonnement sanguin

Blood pressure

Tension artrielle,
pression
sanguine

Blood sample

Prise de sang

Blood test

Analyse de sang

Blood vessel

Vaisseau
sanguin

Lexique anglais/franais

Biosphere

135

Bronsted acid

Acide de
Bronsted

Brook

Ruisseau

Browse

Parcourir

Bruise

Ecchymose,
hmatome,
bleu

Bulimia

Boulimie

Bulk collection

Collecte des
dchets
encombrants

Bum

Bosse

Bunsen burner

Bec Bunsen

Burette

Eprouvette
gradue

BSE

ESB

Buffer memory

Mmoire
tampon

Burn (n.)

Brlure

Burn (v.)

Brler

Buffer solution

Solution
tampon

Burnables

Produits
combustibles

Bug

Bogue

Bush

Brousse

Building materials

Matriaux de
construction

Buy green

Acheter vert

Bulb

Ampoule

Byte

Octet

136

CAD

CAO

Cancerous

Cancreux

Cadmium

Cadmium

Candela

Candela

Caesarean
(section)

Csarienne

Capacitor

Condensateur

Capillary action

Action capillaire

Caesium

Csium

Capillary tube

Tube capillaire

Calcite

Carbonate
de calcium
cristallis

Capsule

Capsule

Car manufacturers

Industriels de
lautomobile

Carbanion

Carbanion

Carbolic acid

Acide phnique
ou carbolique

Calcium

Calcium

Calculate

Calculer

Calculations

Calculs

Calculus

Calcul

Carbon

Carbone

Calorie

Calorie

Carbon 14

Carbone 14

Cambrian

Cambrien

Carbon dioxide

Can (US)

Bote de
conserve

Dioxyde de
carbone (CO2)

Cancer

Cancer

Carbon dioxide
emissions

manations
de dioxyde
de carbone

Monoxyde de
carbone (CO)

Celestial body

Astre

Celestial equator

Equateur cleste

Carbonic acid

Acide
carbonique

Celestial object

Objet cleste

Carboniferous

Carbonifre

Cell

Cellule

Carboxylic acid

Acide
carboxylique

Cell division

Division
cellulaire

Carcinogen

Produit
cancrigne

Cell membrane

Membrane
cellulaire

Carcinogenic

Cancrigne

Cellular

Cellulaire

Cardboard

Carton

Cellular
phenotype

Phnotype
cellulaire

Cardiovascular

Cardiovasculaire

Cellulose

Cellulose

Carnivorous

Carnivore

Celsius

Celsius

Car-pool

Covoiturage

Cement

Ciment

Car-pooling

Covoiturage

Cement works

Cimenterie

Cartilaginous sh

Poisson
cartilagineux

Cenozoic

Cnozoque

Cast (n.)

Moule

Centesimal
analysis

Analyse
centsimale

Cast (v.)

Couler

Centigrade

Centigrade

Cast iron

Fonte

Unit centrale

"Cat"

Pot catalytique

Catalysis

Catalyse

Central
processing
unit (CPU)

Catalyst

Catalyseur

Centre of gravity

Catalytic
converter

Pot catalytique

Centre de
gravit

Centre of inertia

Centre dinertie
Centre de masse

Cataract

Cataracte

Centre of mass

Catch-water drain

Collecte deau
pluviale

Centrifugal

Centrifuge

Centrifugation

Centrifugation

Catheter

Cathter

Centrifuge (n.)

Centrifugeur

Cathode

Cathode

Centrifuge (v.)

Centrifuger

Catholyte

Catholyte

Cation

Cation

Centripetal
acceleration

Acclration
centripte

Cautious

Prudent

Centripetal force

Force centripte

Cautiousness

Prudence

Ceramic

Cramique

Cave

Grotte, caverne

Cerebrospinal

Crbrospinal

Cavern

Caverne

Cervix

Col de lutrus

CD-ROM

Cd-rom

CD-ROM player

Lecteur de
cd-rom

CFC (chlorouorocarbon)

CFC chlorouorocarbure)

Challenge (n.)

Lexique anglais/franais

Carbon
monoxide

137

138

Challenge (v.)

Der, lancer
un d

Chondrite

Chondrite

Chondrule

Chondrule

Chat (v.)

Bavarder

Chatroom

Site de
bavardages

Chromatic
aberration

Aberration
chromatique

Chromatography

Chemical (n.)

Produit chimique

Chromatographie

Chemical (adj.)

Chimique

Chromium

Chrome

Chemical agent

Agent chimique

Chromosome

Chromosome

Chemical
analysis

Analyse
chimique

Chromosphere

Chromosphre

Chronic

Chronique

Chemical bond

Liaison chimique

Chemical factory

Usine de produits
chimiques

Chronostratigraphy

Chronostratigraphie

Circle

Cercle

Chemical industry

Industrie
chimique

Circle the Earth

Tourner autour
de la Terre

Chemical isomer

Isomre
chimique

Circuit

Circuit

Chemical
property

Proprit
chimique

Circuit breaker

Disjoncteur,
coupe-circuit

Chemical symbol

Symbole
chimique

Circular

Circulaire

Circulation pump

Chemical warfare

Guerre
himique

Pompe
circulation

Circumference

Circonfrence

Chemical
weapons

Armes
chimiques

Circumpolar stars

Etoiles
circumpolaires

Chemist

Chimiste,
pharmacien

Cirque

Cirque
Cirrhose du foie

Chemistry

Chimie

Cirrhosis of the
liver

Chemotherapy

Chimiothrapie

Clade

Clade

Chest pains

Douleurs dans
la poitrine

Cladistics

Cladistique

Cladogram

Cladogramme

Chickenpox

Varicelle

Class

Classe

Chiller

Cristallisoire

Chip

Puce

Classical
mechanics

Mcanique
classique

Chlorine

Chlore

Claw

Griffe, serre

Cholesterol

Cholestrol

Clay

Argile

Cholestorolaemia
(GB)

Cholestrolmie

Clean car

Voiture propre

Cholestorolemia
(US)

Cholestrolmie

Clean
development
mechanism

Mcanisme
de dveloppement propre

Coupure, ssure

Coccolithophore

Coccolithophore

Clerk of works

Conducteur de
travaux

Code number

Code daccs

Coherence

Cohrence

Click (n.)

Clic

Cohesive force

Cohsion

Click (v.)

Cliquer

Col

Col

Cliff

Falaise

Cold-blooded

sang froid

Climate change

Changements
climatiques

Colitis

Colite

Clinical
examination

Examen clinique

Collapse

Dsintgrer (se)

Collarbone

Clavicule

Collection of
bulky waste

Collecte des
dchets
encombrants

Clinical signs

Signes cliniques

Clinical trial

Essai clinique

Clinoptilolite

Clinoptilolite

Collection outlet

Point de collecte

Clone (n.)

Clone

Collection point

Point verre

Clone (v.)

Cloner

Collide

Entrer en collision

Cloned-to-order
pet

Animal de
compagnie
clon sur
demande

Colorimeter

Colorimtre

Colouring

Coloration

Column

Colonne

Cloning

Clonage

Combination

Combinaison

Clot

Caillot

Combustion

Combustion

Clouds of
Magellan

Nuages de
Magellan

Usine
dincinration

Clue

Indice

Combustion or
incineration
plant

Cluster

Amas,
agglomrat

Comet

Comte

Coal

Charbon

Company
doctor

Mdecin du
travail

Coal deposits

Gisements
houillers

Comparison

Comparaison

Complex number

Nombre
complexe

Complimentary
colours

Couleurs
complmentaires

Component

Composant
Matriaux
composites

Coal industry

Coal-red plant

Industrie
houillre,
charbonnages
Centrale
thermique
charbon

Coast

Cte

Composite
materials

Coating

Enrobage

Composition

Composition

Cobalt

Cobalt

Compost (n.)

Compost

Coccolith

Coccolite

Compost (v.)

Faire du compost

Lexique anglais/franais

Cleavage

139

140

Compost
container

Composteur

Computer
system

Systme
informatique

Composting

Compostage

Compound

Compos

Computer-aided
design

Compton effect

Diffusion
Compton

Conception
assiste par
ordinateur

Compulsive
eating

Boulimie

Computer-aided
manufacturing

Fabrication
assiste par
ordinateur

Computer

Ordinateur

Computerate

Initi
lordinateur

Computer age

re informatique

Computerese

Computer
animation

Images de
synthse
(animation)

Jargon
informatique

Computerisation

Informatisation

Computer
architecture

Architecture
informatique

Computerise

Informatiser

Computerist (US)

Informaticien
Initi
lordinateur

Computer crime

Criminalit
informatique

Computer-literate

Computer failure

Panne
dordinateur

Computing
problem

Problme
informatique

Computer game

Jeu lectronique

Concave

Concave

Computer
graphics

Infographie,
images de
synthse

Conceive

Concevoir

Concentrated
solution

Solution
concentre

Computer
language

Langage de
programmation

Concentration

Concentration

Concrete

Bton

Computer
literacy

Comptence en
informatique

Condensation

Condensation

Computer
monitoring
technology

Technologie
assiste par
ordinateur

Conduct heat

Conduire la
chaleur

Conductimetry

Conductimtrie

Computer
operator

Programmeur

Conducting

Conducteur

Conduction

Conduction

Computer
programme

Programme
informatique

Conductivity

Conductivit

Informatique

Conductivity
meter

Conductimtre

Computer
science

Conductor

Conducteur

Computer
scientist

Informaticien

Cone

Cne

Computer
society

Socit
lheure de
linformatique

Congure

Congurer

Congestion

Embouteillage

Conjunction

Conjonction

Tissu cellulaire

Copyrights

Droits dauteur

Conodont

Conodonte

Core

Noyau

Conservation

Dfense de
lenvironnement

Core sample

Carotte

Corona (plu. -ae)

Couronne

Conservation law

Loi de
conservation

Coronary
thrombosis

Infarctus du
myocarde

Conservationist

Dfenseur de
lenvironnement

Corrie

Cirque

Constant

Constante

Constellation

Constellation

Cosine

Cosinus

Cosmic rays

Rayons
cosmiques

Constipation

Constipation

Cosmology

Cosmologie

Constituent

Constituant

Cosmonaut

Cosmonaute

Consult a doctor

Consulter un
mdecin

Cough (n.)

Toux

Mdecin des
hpitaux

Cough (v.)

Tousser

Coulombs law

Loi de Coulomb
Coulomtre

Consultant
Consultation

Consultation

Coulometer

Consulting room

Cabinet mdical

Countdown

Consumer society

Socit de
consommation

Compte
rebours

Covalent bond

Liaison covalente

Containment
boom

Barrage ottant

Coverglass

Lamelle
(en verre)

Contaminant

Agent de
contamination,
polluant

Crab nebula

Nbuleuse du
crabe

Crack

Pirater

Contaminate

Contaminer

Crane

Grue

Continental drift

Drive des
continents

Crash (computer)

Planter

Conundrum

nigme

Convection

Convection

Conventional
energy

Creek

Crique, ruisseau

nergies non
renouvelables

Creutzfeldt
Jakob disease
(cjd)

Maladie de
Creutzfeldt
Jakob

Crew

quipage

Convergent

Convergent

Critical angle

Converging lens

Lentille
convergente

Angle critique
ou limite

Critical threshold

Seuil critique

Converging mirror

Miroir convergent

Crop breeder

Phytognticien

Convex

Convexe

Cross pollination

Cool

Refroidir

Pollinisation
croise

Copper

Cuivre

Cross-section

Coupe
transversale

Lexique anglais/franais

Connective tissue

141

Crucible

Creuset

Cure (n.)

Traitement

Crutch

Bquille

Cure (v.)

Gurir

Cryogenics

Cryognie

Current

Courant

Cryogenize

Cryogniser

Cursor

Curseur

Crystal

Cristal

Cut and paste

Copier/coller

Crystalline

Cristallin

Cybercaf

Cybercaf

Crystallisation

Cristallisation

Cybernaut

Cybernaute

Crystallogenesis

Cristallognse

Cybernetics

Cyberntique

Crystallography

Cristallographie

Cyberspace

Cyberespace

Cube (n.)

Cube

Cyclone

Cyclone

Cube (v.)

Mettre au cube

Cylinder

Cylindre

Cube root

Racine cubique

Cyst

Kyste

Cubed

Au cube

Cystic brosis

Mucoviscidose

Cupel

Coupelle

Cystitis

Cystite

Curb

Courbe

142

Damage

Endommager

Damage
assessment

valuation des
dommages

Database

Base de donnes

Data

Donnes

Dating

Datation

Data bank

Banque de
donnes

Daughter cell

Cellule lle

Deafness

Surdit

Data
compression

Compression de
donnes

Death

Mort

Data encryption

Codage des
donnes

Debimeter

Dbimtre

Debris

Data mining

Exploitation de
donnes

Roches
dtritiques

Data
warehousing

Entreposage
de donnes

Decay

Dsintgrer (se)
Dclration

Data processing

Traitement des
donnes

Deceleration
Decibel

Dcibel

Data retrieval

Extraction de
donnes

Decimal

Dcimale

Declination

Dclinaison

Data set

Ensemble de
donnes

Decoloration

Dcoloration

Dcolorer

Detergent

Lessive, dtergent

Decomposition

Dcomposition

Deuteron

Deutron

Decontamination

Dcontamination

Develop

Decrease

Dcrotre

Dvelopper,
se dvelopper

Deforestation

Dforestation,
dboisement

Develop a
tumour

Dvelopper une
tumeur

Defrag

Dfragmenter

Degree

Degr

Develop
alternative
energy cars

Dehydrate

Dshydrater

Dehydrated

Dshydrat

Dvelopper
des voitures
utilisant une
autre source
dnergie

Dehydration

Dshydratation

Device

Appareil, engin

Devise

Concevoir

Devonian

Dvonien

Dewar ask

Vase de Dewar

Dextrogyre

Dextrogyre

Diabetes

Diabte

Diagenesis

Diagense

Diagnose

Diagnostiquer

Diagnosis

Diagnostique

Diagonal

Diagonale

Diagram

Diagramme

Dialysis

Dialyse

Diameter

Diamtre

Delete

Effacer

Delivery

Accouchement

Dementia

Dmence

Demise

Disparition

Demonstration

Dmonstration

Densitometer

Densitomtre

Densitometry

Densitomtrie

Density

Densit

Dental practice

Cabinet dentaire

Dentist

Dentiste

Department
of the
Environment

Ministre de
lEnvironnement

Diaphragm

Diaphragme

Deplete the
ozone layer

Appauvrir
la couche
dozone

Diarrhoea

Diarrhe

Diesel

Diesel

Depressed

Dprim

Difference

Diffrence

Derivative

Driv

Calcul diffrentiel

Derived unit

Unit drive

Differential
calculus

Dermatologist

Dermatologue

Desertication

Dsertication

Desiccator

Dessiccateur

Desktop

Bureau

Desktop
computer

Ordinateur
de bureau

Destruction of the
rainforest

Destruction de la
fort tropicale

Diffract

Diffracter

Diffraction

Diffraction

Diffuse (adj.)

Diffus

Diffuse (v.)

diffuser

Diffusion

Diffusion

Diffusion pump

Pompe
diffusion

Dig

Creuser

Lexique anglais/franais

Decolourise

143

144

Dig site

Site de fouilles

Distilled water

Eau distille

Digital

Digital,
numrique

Distortion

Distorsion

Divergent

Divergent

Dihedron (plu. a
or ons)

Didre

Diverging lens

Lentille
divergente

Dilute solution

Solution dilue

Diverging mirror

Miroir divergent

Dinosaur

Dinosaure

Divide

Diviser

Dioxin

Dioxine

Division

Division

Dipole

Diple

Dizzy spell

Vertige

Direct

Direct

DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid)

ADN (Acide
dsoxyribonuclique)

Do harm

Causer du tort

Do research

Faire de la
recherche

Doctor

Docteur,
mdecin

Dodecahedron

Dodcadre

Domain

Domaine

Dominant

Dominant

Donor

Donneur
Ramassage
domicile

Directory

Rpertoire

Disc

Disque

Discharge into
the atmosphere

Rejet dans
latmosphre

Discomfort

Gne

Discovery

Dcouverte

Disease

Maladie

Disorder

Troubles

Disperse

Disperser

Dispersion

Dispersion

Displacement

Dplacement

Display computer

Afcher lcran

Doorstep
collection

Disposable
container

Emballage
jeter

Doppler effect

Effet Doppler

Disposable dishes

Vaisselle jetable

Doppler shift

Effet Doppler

Disposable

Jetable

Double
decomposition

Double
dcomposition

Disposal of
radioactive
waste

Traitement
des dchets
nuclaires

Double spacing

Interligne double

Download

Tlcharger

Dissociate

Dissocier

Downloading

Tlchargement

Dissociation

Dissociation

Dissolve

Dissoudre

Draining of
marshes

Asschement
des marais

Dissonance

Dissonance

Draw

Dessiner

Distance

Distance

Drill (n.)

Perceuse,
exercice

Distil

Distiller

Drill (v.)

Forer

Distillate

Distillat

Drinking water

Eau potable

Distillation

Distillation

Driving-belt

Courroie de
transmission

Drought

Scheresse

Dump

Dverser

Drugs

Mdicaments

Dumping at sea

Drug industry

Industrie pharmaceutique

Dcharge en
mer, rejet de
dchets en mer

Drug-resistant

Rsistant au
traitement

Durables

Produits lourds

DVD

DVD

Dry ice

Carboglace

DVD player

Lecteur de DVD

Dryer

tuve

Dwarf

Naine

Drying out of
wetlands

Asschement
des zones
humides

Dye

Colorant

Duct

Conduit

Dyeing

Coloration

Dynamics

Dynamique

Earache

Mal doreille

Ecological

cologique

Earth sciences

Sciences de la
Terre

Ecological
assessment

Bilan cologique

Earths crust

Crote terrestre

Earthquake

Tremblement
de terre, sisme

Ecological
balance

quilibre
cologique

Ecological
consciousness

Conscience
cologique

Ecological
corridor

Couloir
cologique

Eat organic food

Manger bio

Echo

cho

Echography

chographie

Eclipse

clipse

Ecological
damage

Dgradation
cologique

Eclipse path

Chemin de
lclipse

Ecological debt

Dette
cologique

Ecliptic

cliptique

Ecliptic plane

Plan de
lcliptique

Ecological
engineering

Gnie
cologique

Eco-audit

Audit denvironnement

Ecological
footprint

Empreinte
cologique

Ecological niche

Ecocide

cocide

Niche
cologique

Ecocitizenship

cocitoyennet

Ecocline

cocline

Ecological
rucksack

Sac dos
cologique

Ecolabel

colabel

Ecological tax

Redevance
cologique

Lexique anglais/franais

145

146

Ecological
tourism

Tourisme
cologique

Electric eld

Champ
lectrique

Ecological trail

Sentier
cologique

Electricity

lectricit

Ecological watch

Veille
cologique

Electrocardiogram

lectrocardiogramme

Electrocatalysis

lectrocatalyse

Ecologist

cologiste

Ecology Party

Verts (les)

Electrochemical
microscope

Microscope
lectrochimique

Ecomarketing

Marketing
cologique

Electrochemistry

lectrochimie

Electrode

lectrode

E-commerce

Commerce
en ligne

Electrodyalisis

lectrodyalise

Electrolyse

lectrolyser

Electrolysis

lectrolyse

Electrolyte

lectrolyte

Electromagnet

lectroaimant

Electromagnetic

lectromagntique

Electromagnetic
force

Force lectromagntique

Electromagnetic
induction

Induction lectromagntique

Electromagnetic
radiation

Radiation lectromagntique

Electromagnetic
wave

Onde lectromagntique

Electromagnetism

lectromagntisme

Ecosynthesis

cosynthse

Ecosystem

cosystme

Eco-warrior

Activiste
cologiste
radical

Ecozone

cozone

Eczema

Eczma

Ediacaran biota

Biote diacarien
ou dEdiacara

Ediacaran Period

re diacarienne

Edit

Faire la mise
en page

Efuent charge

Redevance de
dversement

Egg

uf

Egg donation

Don dovules

El nio

El Nio

Electromotive
force

Force
lectromotrice

Elastic

lastique

Electron

lectron

Elasticity

lasticit

Electron cloud

Elastomer

lastomre

Nuage
dlectrons

E-learning

Enseignement
en ligne

Electron gas

Gaz lectronique

Electron gun

Canon
lectrons

Electronics

lectronique

Electrophoresis

lectrophorse

Electroscope

lectroscope

Electrosynthesis

lectrosynthse

Electric

lectrique

Electric car

Voiture
lectrique

Electric charge

Charge
lectrique

Encphalite

Endangered

En voie de
disparition

Endangered
coral reef

Barrire de corail
en danger

Endangered
species

Espce en voie
de disparition,
espce menace dextinction

Adresse internet

Endemic (n.)

Endmie

Embryon

Endemic (adj.)

Endmique

Transfert
dembryon

Endemism

Endmisme

Endocrine

Endocrine

Embryologist

Embryologiste

Endocrinology

Endocrinologie

Embryology

Embryologie

Endothermic

Endothermique

Emergency

Urgence

Energy

nergie

Emergency room
(ER)

Salle des
urgences

Energy balance

Bilan
nergtique

Emergency
treatment

Mdecine
durgence

Energy budget

Bilan
nergtique

Emission line

Ligne dmission

Emission nebula

Nbuleuse
en mission

Energy conservation

conomie
dnergie

Energy recovery

Emission
spectrum

Spectre
dmission

Rcupration
de lnergie

Emissions quotas

Quotas
dmissions

Energy saving
option

Choix qui permet


dconomiser
lnergie

Emissions register

Registre des
missions

Engineer

Ingnieur,
technicien

Emissions
trading scheme

Systme
dchange
de quotas
dmissions

Engineering

Ingnierie

Enrichment

Enrichissement

ENT (ear, nose


and throat)

ORL (oto-rhinolaryngologie)

Enthalpy

Enthalpie

Entity

Entit

Entomology

Entomologie

Entropy

Entropie

Environmental

cologique

lment, corps
simple

Elementary

lmentaire

Ellipse

Ellipse

Elliptical

Elliptique

Elliptical galaxy

Galaxie elliptique

Elongation

longation

Email

Courriel

Email address
Embryo
Embryo transfer

Emissions
trading system

Systme
dchange
de droits
dmission

Emit exhaust
fumes

mettre des gaz


dchappement

Emulsion

mulsion

Lexique anglais/franais

Encephalitis

Element

147

Environmental
accounting

Comptabilit
environnementale

Environmental risk
assessment

valuation des
risques environnementaux

Environmental
activism

Activisme
cologiste

Environmental tax

Impt
cologique

Environmental
audit(ing)

Audit denvironnement

Environmentalist

Environmental
awareness

Prise de
conscience
environnementale

cologiste, dfenseur de lenvironnement

Enzyme

Enzyme

Eocene

ocne

Epidemic (n.)

pidmie

Epidemic (adj.)

pidmique
Maladie
pidmique

Environmental
balance-sheet
Environmental
citizenship

cocitoyennet

Epidemic
disease

Environmental
cost

Cot environnemental

Epilepsy

pilepsie

Epileptic crisis

Crise dpilepsie

Environmental
damage

Dgts environnementaux

Equal

gal

Equality

galit

Environmental
forecasting

Prvision
dimpact sur
lenvironnement

Equation

quation

Equator

quateur

Equilateral

quilatral

Equilateral
triangle

Triangle
quilatral

Environmental law

148

Bilan environnemental

Droit de
lenvironnement

Environmental
liability

Responsabilit
environnementale

Equilibrium

quilibre

Environmental
movement

Mouvement
cologique

Equinoctial

quinoxial

Equinox

quinoxe

Environmental
ofcials

Autorits
charges de
lenvironnement

Equipment

Matriel

Equivalence

quivalence

Environmental
policy

Politique de
lenvironnement

Equivalence
principle

Principe
dquivalence

Era

re

Environmental
protection

Protection de
lenvironnement

Erase

Effacer

Environmental
protection group

Association de
protection de
lenvironnement

Erionite

rionite

Erosion

Erosion

Eruption

Eruption

Environmental risk

Risque environnemental

Estuary

Estuaire

Ethical

Ethique, moral

thique

Exothermic

Exothermique

Eugenics

Eugnisme

European
Environment
Agency (EEA)

Agence
europenne
pour lenvironnement (AEE)

Expansion
universe

Univers en
expansion

Experiment

Exprience
(en laboratoire),
test

Evaporate

vaporer

Evaporation

vaporation

Experimental
study

tude exprimentale

Even

Pair

Expert

Expert

Even number

Nombre pair

Exploration

Exploration

Everlasting snow

Neiges ternelles

Explore

Explorer

Evidence

Preuves

Explosion

Explosion

volution

Explosive

Explosif

Evolutionary traits

Traits volutifs

Extant

Existant encore

Evolve

voluer

Extinct

Disparu

E-voting

Vote par internet

Extinct species

Espce disparue

Excavate

Excaver

Extinct volcano

Volcan teint

Excavations

Fouilles

Extinction

Extinction

Excavator

Excavateur

Extraction (oil)

Extraction

Excited ion

Ion agit

Extragalactic

Extragalactique

Exhaust fumes

Gaz dchappement

Extrapolation

Extrapolation

Eyepiece

Oculaire

Evolution

Exosphere

Lexique anglais/franais

Ethics

Exosphre

F
Factorial

Factoriel

Factorisation

Factorisation

Factory

Usine

Factory farming

Fail

Tomber
en panne,
connatre
un chec

Elevage hors-sol,
levage industriel

Faint (n.)

vanouissement

Faint (v.)

Svanouir

Factory fumes

Fumes dusine

Fair trade

Factory worker

Ouvrier dusine

Commerce
quitable

Family

Famille

149

Family doctor

File management

Gestion
de chiers

File transfer

Transfert
de chiers

Family
practitioner

Mdecin
de famille

File-swapping

change
de chiers

Fan

Ventilateur

Filter paper

Papier ltre

Faq
(frequently
asked questions)

Foire aux
questions

Filtrate

Filtrat

Filtration

Filtration

Far reaches of the


universe

Conns de
lunivers

Find (n.)

Dcouverte

Find (out) (v.)

Trouver

Fatal

Fatal

Finding

Dcouverte

Fatality

Mort

Finite resources

Fault (geology)

Faille

Ressources non
renouvelables

Fault nding

Localisation
de panne

Fireproof

Ignifug

Firewall

Coupe-feu

Faulty

Dfectueux

First aid

Premiers soins

Fauna

Faune

First-degree burn

Fauna and ora

Faune et ore

Brlure au
premier degr

Feather

Plume

Feed

Nourrir (se)

First-order
nucleophilic
substitution

Substitution
nuclophile
du 1er ordre

Ferment

Fermenter

Firth

Estuaire

Fertilise

Fertiliser

Fission

Fission

Fertiliser

Engrais

Fit (n.) (medical)

Quinte

Fertiliser runoff

Inltration des
engrais dans
la nappe
phratique

Fitter

Ajusteur

Flag of
convenience

Pavillon de
complaisance

Fivre

Flask

Ballon

Feverish

Fivreux

Flight

Vol

Fibre optics

Fibres optiques

Flight path

Trajectoire de vol

Fibrillation

Fibrillation

Field of study

Champ dtude

Floating oil
barriers

Barrires
ottantes

Fieldwork

Recherches sur
le terrain

Flood

Inondation

Flooding

Inondation
Disquette
Flore

Fever

150

Mdecin
de famille,
mdecin
traitant

Figure

Chiffre

Floppy disc

File

Dossier, chier

Flora

Grippe

Forge

Forger

Fluid

Fluide

Formation

tage

Fluorescence

Fluorescence

Formule

Fluorine

Fluor

Formula (plu. a
or ae)

Flush tanks

Dgazer

Forum

Forum

Fly-tipping

Dcharge
illgale

Fossil

Fossile

Fossil feces

Excrments
fossiles

Fossil fuels

Combustibles
fossiles

Fossil remains

Restes fossiles

Fossiliferous

Fossilifre

Focal length

Distance ou
longueur focale

Focal point

Foyer

Foetus (GB), fetus


(US)

Ftus

Foliated

Feuillet

Fossilization

Fossilisation

Font

Police

Fossilized

Fossilis

Food (processing) industry

Industrie
alimentaire

Four-footed

Quadrupde

Food chain

Chane
alimentaire

Four-wheel drive
car

Vhicule
quatre roues
motrices

Food poisoning

Intoxication
alimentaire

Fractal

Fractal

Fraction

Fraction

Scurit
alimentaire

Fracture

Fracture

Frame of
reference

Rfrentiel

Free energy

nergie libre

Free enthalpy

Enthalpie libre

Free household
recycling box

Bote de
recyclage
individuelle
gratuite

Food safety
Food web

Rseau
trophique

Food-processing
industry

Industrie
alimentaire

Foot and mouth


disease

Fivre aphteuse

Footprint

Empreinte

Force

Force

Freeze-drying

Lyophilisation

Force eld

Champ de force

Freezing point

Foreman

Contrematre

Forensic
medicine

Mdecine lgale

Point de
conglation,
point zro

Frequency

Frquence

Forensic science

Mdecine lgale

Forensic scientist

Mdecin lgiste

Freshwater
pollution

Pollution des
eaux douces

Forest decline

Dprissement
de la fort

Friction

Friction

Fructose

Fructose

Lexique anglais/franais

Flu

151

Fuel

Combustible

Fungicide

Fongicide

Full moon

Pleine lune

Funnel

Entonnoir

Function

Fonction

Furnace

Four, fourneau

Fundamental

Fondamental

Fuse

Fusible

Fundamental
research

Recherche
fondamentale

Fusion

Fusion

152

Gadolinium

Gadolinium

Galactic cluster

Amas de
galaxies

Gear

Engrenage,
vitesse (bote)

Geiger-Mller
counter

Compteur
Geiger Mller

Gel

Gel

Gemstone

Pierre
prcieuse

Galaxy

Galaxie

Galilean
satellites

Satellites
galilens

Gallbladder

Vsicule biliaire

Gallium

Gallium

Gene

Gne

Galvanise

Galvaniser

Gene bank

Galvanoplasty

Galvanoplastie

Banque
de gnes

Gamma rays

Rayons gamma

Gene mutation

Mutation
de gnes

Garbage

Ordures

Gene pool

Garden waste

Dchets
vgtaux

Rservoir
de gnes

Gene therapy

Gas

Gaz

Thrapie
gnique

Gas phase

Phase gazeuse

Gas works

Usine gaz

Genealogical
chain

Chane
gnalogique

Gaseous

Gazeux

Genealogical
model

Modle
gnalogique

Gastric u

Grippe
intestinale

General
medicine

Mdecine
gnrale

Gastric juices

Sucs gastriques

Gastric ulcer

Ulcre de
lestomac

General
practitioner (GP)

Mdecin
gnraliste

Gastritis

Gastrite

Gastro-enteritis

Gastro-entrite

Gastropod

Gastropode

Generator

Gnrateur

Generic drug

Mdicament
gnrique

Genetic

Gntique

Code
gntique

Geologic
provinces

Provinces
gologiques

Genetic
damage

Dommage
gntique

Geologic Time

Temps
gologique

Genetic
engineering

Gnie gntique,
manipulations
gntiques

Geologic
timescale

chelle
des temps
gologiques

Genetic
exchange

change
gntique

Geologic(al)
survey

Relev
gologique

Genetic
manipulation

Manipulation
gntique

Geological era

re gologique

Genetic pool

Capital
gntique

Geological
exploration

Prospection
gologique

Genetic
resources

Ressources
gntiques

Geological
heritage

Patrimoine
gologique

Genetic
variations

Variations
gntiques

Geological
section

Coupe
gologique

Geological time

Genetically
engineered
organism

Organisme
gntiquement
modi

Temps
gologique

Geologist

Gologue

Genetically
modied crop

Culture
gntiquement
modie

Geology

Gologie

Geometric series

Srie
gomtrique

Genetically
modied
organism

Organisme
gntiquement
modi

Geometric(al)

Gomtrique

Geometrical
gure

Figure
gomtrique

Geneticist

Gnticien

Geometry

Gomtrie

Genetics

Gntique

Geomorphology

Gomorphologie

Genito-urinary

Gnito-urinaire

Geophysicist

Gophysicien

Genius

Gnie

Geophysics

Gophysique

Genotoxicity

Gnotoxicit

Geoscientist

Genotype

Gnotype

Genus
(plu. -era)

Genre

Spcialiste des
sciences de la
terre

Geothermal
energy

Gothermie

Germ

Germe, microbe

Germ warfare

Guerre
bactriologique

Geochemist

Gochimiste

Geochemistry

Gochimie

Geodesy

Godsie

Geodetics

Godsie

German measles

Rubole

Geodynamics

Godynamique

Geyser

Geyser

Geographer

Gographe

Giant

Gante

Lexique anglais/franais

Genetic code

153

Gibbous moon

Graphic

Graphique

Graphics board

Carte
graphique

Giddy spell

Vertige

Glacier

Glacier

Glass collection

Collecte
du verre

Graptolite

Graptolite

Grassland

Prairie

Conteneur
verre

Gravimetry

Gravimtrie

Gravitational

Gravitationnel

Glass recycling

Recyclage
du verre

Gravitational eld

Champ
gravitationnel

Glass-rod

Agitateur
(en verre)

Gravitational
force

Force Gravitationnelle

Global
extinction crisis

Crise de
lextinction
plantaire

Gravitational law

Loi Gravitationnelle

Global
warming

Rchauffement
de la plante

Gravity

Gravit,
pesanteur

Global waste
management

Gestion globale
des dchets

Gravity-free

En apesanteur

Globalization

Mondialisation

Green
accounting

Comptabilit
verte

Globular cluster

Amas globulaire

Green activism

Glue

Coller

Activisme vert,
militantisme
cologique

Glycogen

Glycogne

Green activist

Activiste vert

GM contamination of crops

Cultures
contamines
par des OGM

"Green" car

Voiture
cologique

Aliments
contenant
des OGM

Green
company

Entreprise verte

GM food

Green
consumer

Consommateur
cologique
ou vert

Green
consumerism

Consumrisme
vert

Green lobby

Groupe
de pression
cologiste

Green manure

Engrais vert

Green
marketing

Marketing vert

Green
movement

Mouvement
cologique

Green Party

Verts

Glass container

154

Lune gibbeuse

GM free zone

Zone sans OGM

GMO

OGM

Go green

Se convertir
lcologie

Gold

Or

Graft (n.)

Greffe

Graft (v.)

Greffer

Granulation

Granulation

Granulometry

Granulomtrie

Graph

Graphique,
diagramme

Green policy

Politique
cologique

Green power

Pouvoir des
cologistes

Green product

co-produit

Green tourism
Green voter
Greenhouse
effect

Effet de serre

Greenhouse
gases (GHG)

Gaz effet
de serre

Greens

Verts

Grinder

Broyeur

Ground cover

Couverture
vgtale

Grounding

tude des
fondements

Tourisme vert

Groundwater

lecteur
cologiste

Nappe
phratique

Grow a tumour

Dvelopper une
tumeur

Growth

Excroissance

Gulf

Golfe

Gully

Petit ravin

Gynaecology

Gyncologie

H1N1 virus

Virus de la
grippe A, H1N1

Harmfuls

Produits
nuisibles

Have a
temperature

Avoir de la vre

Hazardous waste

Dchets
dangereux

Hazardous waste
site

Dcharge
toxique

Habitat

Habitat

Hacker

Pirate
informatique

Haematology

Hmatologie

Haematoma

Hmatome

Haemophilia

Hmophilie
Myxine

Head
(of comet)

Tte

Hagsh
Half-life

Demi-vie, priode

Head doctor

Mdecin-chef

Halo (of galaxy)

Halo

Headache

Mal la tte

Halogen

Halogne

Health

Sant

Hard copy

Sortie papier

Hard disc

Disque dur

Services
mdicaux

Harden

Durcir

Health care
services
(in the US)

Hardware

Matriel
informatique

Health care
system

Systme
de sant

Harmful

Nuisible

Health centre

Centre
mdico-social

Lexique anglais/franais

155

156

Health hazard

Risque pour
la sant

Health
insurance

Assurance
maladie

Health watch

Veille sanitaire

Healthy

Sain, en bonne
sant

Heart attack

Attaque, crise
cardiaque

Hexagon

Hexagone

High Authority on
GMOs

Haute Autorit
sur les OGM

High blood
pressure

Hypertension

High
performance
materials

Matriaux
de haute
performance

High seas

Haute mer

Heart disease

Maladie cardiovasculaire

Highlands

Rgion
montagneuse

Heart rhythm

Rythme
cardiaque

HIV positive

Sropositif

Hives

Urticaire

Heat (n.)

Chaleur

Hoist

Monte-charge

Heat (v.)

Chauffer

Holarctic region

Heat wave

Canicule

Rgion
holarctique

Heating

Chauffage

Heatproof

Rsistant
la chaleur

Hole in the ozone


layer

Trou dans
la couche
dozone

Heavy industry

Industrie lourde

Home care

Soins domicile

Heavy plant

Engins

Home page

Page daccueil

Heavy plant driver

Conducteur
dengins

Home shopping
market

Heavy-duty
equipment

Equipement
usage
industriel

March de
lachat
domicile

Homeopathy

Homopathie

Hominoid

Hominode

Heliocentric

Hliocentrique

Homogeneous

Homogne

Helium

Hlium

Homogenise

Homogniser

Hemiplegia

Hmiplgie

Homology

Homologie

Hepatitis

Hpatite

Homoplasy

Homoplasie

Herbicide-tolerant
crop

Culture rsistante
aux herbicides

Homothety

Homothtie

Homozygous

Homozygote

Herbivore

Herbivore

Hood (lab)

Hotte

Herd

Troupeau

Horizontal

Horizontal

Hereditary

Hrditaire

Hormone

Hormone

Heritage

Patrimoine

Horn

Corne

Hertz

Hertz

Hotlist

Favoris

Heterogeneous

Htrogne

Household waste

Heterozygous

Htrozygote

Dchets
mnagers

tre humain

Hydrogenation

Hydrognation

Human cloning

Clonage humain

Hydrogenized

Hydrogn

Human genome

Gnome humain

Hydrogeology

Hydrogologie

Human habitat

Biotope humain

Hydrolyse

Hydrolyser

Human race

Race humaine

Hydrolysis

Hydrolyse

Hurricane

Ouragan

Hydrophilic

Hydrophile

Hybrid

Hybride

Hydropower

Hybrid car

Voiture hybride

nergie hydrolectrique

Hybrid seed

Graine hybride

Hydroscopic

Hydroscopique

Hybridization

Hybridation

Hydrostatics

Hydrostatique

Hydrate

Hydrate

Hydrous

Hydreux

Hydration

Hydratation

Hydroxide

Hydroxide

Hydraulics

Hydraulique

Hyperbola

Hyperbole

Hydrocarbon

Hydrocarbure

Hyperglycaemia

Hyperglycmie

Hydrochloric acid

Acide
chlorhydrique

Hyperlink

Lien hypertexte

Hypertension

Hypertension

Hydrodynamics

Hydrodynamique

Hyperthermia

Hyperthermie

Hydroelectric
plant

Centrale hydrolectrique

Hypocondria

Hypocondrie

Hypoglycaemia

Hypoglycmie

Hydrogen

Hydrogne

Hypotenuse

Hypotnuse

Hydrogen
peroxide

Eau oxygne

Hypothesis

Hypothse

Lexique anglais/franais

Human being

I
Ice age

Priode
glaciaire

Ichnology
Ichthyology

Ichtyologie

Ice cap

Calotte
glaciaire

Identity

Identit

Ice oe

Banquise

Igneous rock

Roche igne

Ice melt

Fonte des glaces

Ill

Malade

Ice sheet

Couche de
glace

Illness

Maladie

Illuminance

clairement

Ichnocoenose

Ichnocenose

Ichnofossils

Ichnofossiles

Imaginary
number

Nombre
imaginaire

Ichnologie

157

158

Immission

Immission

Induction

Induction

Immune system

Systme
immunitaire

Inductive
reactance

Ractance
inductive

Immunisation

Immunisation

Immunise

Immuniser

Industrial
chemistry

Chimie
industrielle

Immunity

Immunit

Industrial ecology

Immunoglobulin

Immunoglobuline

cologie
industrielle

Immunologist

Immunologiste

Industrial farming

Agriculture
industrielle

Immunology

Immunologie

Industrial injury

Implant an
embryo
in a womb

Implanter
un embryon
dans un utrus

Accident
du travail

Industrial
medicine

Mdecine
du travail

Implode

Imploser

Industrial waste

Improve the yield

Amliorer
le rendement

Dchets
industriels

Industrialise

Industrialiser

Impulse

Impulsion

Inequality

Ingalit

In bold type

En gras

Inertia

Inertie

In danger of
extinction

En voie
de disparition

Inertial
connement

Connement
inertiel

In vitro fertilisation
(IVF)

Fertilisation
in vitro (FIV)

Infarction

Infarctus

Incandescent

Incandescent

Infected

Infect

Incidence

Incidence

Infection

Infection

Incineration

Incinration

Infectious disease

Maladie
contagieuse

Incinerator

Incinrateur

Inferior planet

Incise

Inciser

Plante
infrieure

Incision

Incision

Innite

Inni

Inclined plane

Plan inclin

Innitesimal

Innitsimal

Inclusion

Inclusion

Innity

Inni

Incontinence

Incontinence

Inamed

Enamm

Incubation
period

Priode
dincubation

Inuenza

Grippe

Incubator

tuve, incubateur

Information
technology (IT)

Technologie de
linformation

Index of
refraction

Index de
rfraction

Inhospitable

Inhospitalier

Inject

Piquer

Indicator

Indicateur

Injection

Piqre

Induce

Induire

Injured

Bless

Induced

Induit

Injury

Blessure

Intersection

Interstellar dust

Poussire
interstellaire

Chimie
inorganique

Interval

Intervalle

Intestine

Intestin

Input

Entre

Intravenous (IV)

Intraveineux

Inroad

Perce

Invasive species

Insecticide

Insecticide

Espce
envahissante

Inseminate

Insminer

Invention

Invention

Insulation

Isolation

Inventor

Inventeur

Insulator

Isolateur, isolant

Inversion

Inversion

Integer

Nombre entier

Invertebrate

Invertbr

Integral

Intgral

Iodine

Iode

Integral calculus

Calcul intgral

Iodised

Iod

Integrated
product policy
(IPP)

Politique
intgre de
produits (PIP)

Ion

Ion

Ionisation

Ionisation

Intensity

Intensit

Ionosphere

Ionosphre

Intensive animal
breeding

levage intensif

Iridium

Iridium

Iron

Fer
Forge, usine
sidrurgique

Cartouche
dencre

Innovator

Innovateur

Inorganic
chemistry

Intensive care

Soins intensifs

Iron works

Intensive care unit


(ICU)

Unit de soins
intensifs

Irregular galaxy

Intensive farming

levage intensif

Galaxie
irrgulire

Interface board

Carte interface

Isobar

Isobare

Interference

Interfrence

Isobaric

Isobare

Internal

Intrieur, interne

Isomer

Isomre

Internal energy

nergie interne

Isomerisation

Isomrisation

International
Union for the
Conservation
of Nature

Union internationale pour


la prservation
de la nature

Isomerise

Isomriser

Isomerism

Isomrie

Isomorphism

Isomorphisme

Isomorphous

Isomorphe

Internet

Internet

Isosceles triangle

Triangle isocle

Internet provider

Fournisseur
daccs

Isothermal

Isotherme

Isotopes

Isotope

Itchy

Qui dmange

IUCN Red List of


threatened
species

Liste rouge des


espces menaces de l IUCN

Internet
shopping

Achats en ligne

Internet users

Utilisateurs
dinternet

Lexique anglais/franais

Intersection

Ink cartridge

159

J
Jaundice

Jaunisse

Joule

Joule

Jaw

Mchoire

Jovian planet

Plante jovienne

Jeopardise

Mettre en
danger

Jungle

Jungle

Junk heap

Dpotoir

Joint

Articulation

Jurassic

Jurassique

Jolt

Secousse

Jurassic Period

Jurassique

160

Karst

Karst

Kinematics

Cinmatique

Karstic zone

Zone karstique

Kinetic analysis

Karyotype

Caryotype

Analyse
cintique

Keep food GM
free

Prserver
lalimentation
des OGM

Kinetic constant

Constante de
vitesse

Kinetic energy

Energie cintique

Kelvin

Kelvin

Kinetic reaction

Keplerian

De Kepler

Vitesse de
raction

Key

Cl daccs,
touche de
clavier

Kinetics

Cintique

Kingdom

Rgne, royaume

Kneecap

Rotule

Kidney stones

Calculs rnaux

Krypton

Krypton

Kilogram

Kilogramme

Kilowatt hour

Kilowatt heure

K-strategy
species

Espce
stratgie K

Lab

Labo

Latitude

Latitude

Lab assistant

Laborantin

Launch (n.)

Lancement

Lab coat

Blouse

Launch (v.)

Lancer

Labelling

tiquetage

Launch pad

Pas de tir

Laboratory

Laboratoire

Lava

Lave

Lacustrine

Lacustre

Lava ow

Coule de lave

Ladder of
geological time

chelle
des temps
gologiques

Lava stream

Coule de lave

Law

Loi

Laevogyrate

Lvogyre

Law of inertia

Principe
de linertie

Laevulose

Lvulose

Lay out

Lamprey

Lamproie

Faire la mise
en page

Land (n.)

Terre(s)

Layer

Strate, couche

Land (v.)

Atterrir

Layman

Profane

Landll (site)

Dcharge,
enfouissement
des dchets

Lead

Plomb

Leakage

Fuite, voie deau

Least squares

Moindres carrs

Least-squares
method

Mthode
des moindres
carrs

Landing

Atterrissage

Landslide

Glissement de
terrain

Lanthanide

Lanthanide

Ledge

Corniche

Lanthanum

Lanthane

Legionella

Lgionnelle

Laptop

Ordinateur
portable

Legionellosis

Lgionellose

Legionnaires
disease

Lgionellose

Length

Longueur
Lentille, objectif

Large igneous
province

Grande
province
ruptive

Large intestine

Gros intestin

Lens

Larva (plu. ae)

Larve

Leptons

Lepton

Laryngitis

Laryngite

Lethal gene

Gne ltal

Laser

Laser

Level (n.)

Niveau

Last menstrual
period (LMP)

Dernier cycle
menstruel

Level (v.)

Aplanir

Lewis acid

Acide de Lewis

Lathe

Tour

Lexique anglais/franais

161

Life cycle
of a product

Cycle de vie
dun produit

Life zone

Biome

Papier tournesol

Litter (n.)

Dtritus
(sur le sol)

Litter (v.)

Laisser des
dtritus

Lift-off

Dcollage

Lift off

Dcoller

Light (n.)

Lumire

Live load

Charge utile

Light (v.)

Allumer

Living being

tre vivant

Light (adj.)

Lger

Local group

Groupe local

Light industry

Industrie lgre

Light wave

Onde lumineuse

Location of GM
elds

Localisation des
champs OGM

Light year

Anne lumire

Log on the Net

Se connecter
internet

Lightweight materials

Matriaux lgers

Logarithm

Logarithme

Lignite

Lignite

Logic (n. and


adj.)

Logique (n. et
adj.)

Lime

Chaux

Long wave

Grandes ondes

Limit

Limite

Longitude

Longitude

Limon

Limon

Look after

Line

Droite, ligne

Soigner,
soccuper (de)

Line up

Aligner

Loop

Boucle

Lineage

Ligne

Lubrication

Graissage

Linear

Linaire

Lumen

Lumen

Linear
accelerator

Acclrateur
linaire

Luminescence

Luminescence

Luminescent

Luminescent

Linear equation

quation linaire

Luminosity

Luminosit

Liquefaction

Liqufaction

Luminous

Lumineux

Liquefy

Liquer

Luminous body

Corps lumineux

Liquid

Liquide

Lump

Liquid air

Air liquide

Grosseur,
excroissance

Liquid
chromatography

Chromatographie liquide

Luxury goods
industry

Industrie de luxe

Liquid crystal

Cristal liquide

Lymph

Lymphe

Liquid nitrogen

Azote liquide

Lymphatic

Lymphatique

Liquid phase

Phase liquide

Lymphocyte

Lymphocyte

Lithologic

Lithologique

Lyophilise

Lyophiliser

Lithostratigraphie

Lyophilization

Lyophilisation

Lithostratigraphy

162

Litmus paper

Machine

Machine

Mainframe

Unit centrale

Machine tool

Machine-outil

Mainland

Terre ferme

Machinery

Outillage

Malignant

Malin

Macrofossil

Macrofossile

Malnutrition

Malnutrition

Macroscopic
phenotype

Phnotype
macroscopique

Mammal

Mammifre

Mad cow
disease

Maladie de la
vache folle

Mammalian
cloning

Clonage
de mammifre

Mammoth

Mammouth

Magma

Magma

Manganese

Manganse

Magnesia

Magnsie

Maniraptor

Maniraptor

Magnesian

Magnsien

Maniraptora

Maniraptora

Magnesic

Magnsien

Manned ight

Vol habit

Magnesium

Magnsium

Manned vehicle

Vhicule habit

Magnet

Aimant

Manometer

Manomtre

Magnetic eld

Champ
magntique

Manufacture (n.)

Manufacture,
usine

Magnetic ux

Flux magntique

Manufacture (v.)

Fabriquer

Magnetic force

Force
magntique

Manure

Fumier

Magnetic
induction

Induction
magntique

Magnetic pole

Ple magntique

Magnetic resonance imaging

Mare (plu. -ria)

Mer

Marine
conservation
area

Zone de
protection
marine

Imagerie par
rsonance
magntique

Marl

Marne

Mass

Masse

Magnetic storm

Orage
magntique

Mass defect

Dfaut
de masse

Magnetosphere

Magntosphre

Mass number

Magnetostratigraphy

Magntostratigraphie

Nombre
de masse

Magnitude

Grandeur
(dun nombre),
magnitude

Mass
spectrograph

Spectrographe
de masse

Mass spectrum

Spectre de
masse

Main sequence

Squence
principale

Mastermind

Gnie

Lexique anglais/franais

163

Cong
maternit

Medical
practice

Cabinet
mdical

Medical record

Dossier mdical

Mathematical
conundrum

nigme
mathmatique

Medical
research

Recherche
mdicale

Mathematician

Mathmaticien

Medicare (US)

Mathematics

Mathmatiques

Matrix (plu. -ces)

Matrice

Matter

Matire

Assistance
mdicale pour
les personnes
ges et les
handicaps

Measles

Rougeole

Medication

Mdicaments

Measure (n.)

Mesure

Medicinal plant

Measure (v.)

Mesurer

Plante
mdicinale

Measuring out

Dosage

Medicine

Mdicaments

Medicine of
doctors who
have their own
practice

Mdecine
librale

Medicine school

cole de
mdecine

Medicine

Mdicaments,
mdecine

Material

Matriau

Maternity leave

Mechanical
advantage

Dmultiplication
mcanique

Mechanical
resistance

Rsistance
mcanique

Mechanical wave

Onde
mcanique

Mechanics

Mcanique

Mechanism

Mcanisme

Medium

Milieu

Mechatronics

Mcatronique

Median (n.)

Mdiane

Meet safety
standards

Median (adj.)

Mdian

Rpondre aux
normes de
scurit

Medicaid (US)

Assistance
mdicale pour
les dfavoriss

Megafauna

Mgafaune

Melt

Fondre

Medical adviser

Mdecin-conseil

Melting of
glaciers

Fonte des
glaciers

Medical
certicate

Certicat
mdical

Melting point

Point de fusion

Membrane

Membrane

Medical
examination

Visite mdicale

Meningitis

Mningite

Menopause

Mnopause

Medical
examiner

Mdecin lgiste

Mercury

Mercure

Meridian

Mridien

Mesomer

Msomre

Mesomery

Msomrie

Meson

Mson

Mesosphere

Msosphre

Medical Faculty
(GB)
Medical history

164

Facult de
mdecine
Antcdents
mdicaux,
dossier mdical

Metal

Mtal

Mine

Metalliferous
deposit

Gisement
mtallifre

Mineral

Minral

Mineralise

Minraliser

Metallogeny

Mtallognie

Mineralised

Minralis

Metalloid

Mtallode

Metallurgical
industry

Mtallurgie

Mineralogical
chemistry

Chimie
minrale

Mineralogy

Minralogie

Metamorphic
rock

Roche
mtamorphique

Mining (ore)

Metamorphosis

Mtamorphose

Extraction ou
exploitation
minire

Meteor

Mtore

Meteor shower

Pluie de
mtores

Mining
engineer

Ingnieur des
mines

Meteorite

Mtorite

Meteoroid
Meteorology
Methane

Mining industry

Industrie minire

Mtorode

Mining
prospector

Prospecteur
minier

Mtorologie

Minor axis

Axe mineur

Mthane

Miocene

Miocne

Method

Mthode

Miscalculation

Erreur de calcul

Metre

Mtre, compteur

Miscarriage

Fausse couche

Mica

Mica

Mistake

Erreur

Microbe

Microbe

Microbial
ecology

cologie
microbienne

Mobile
emergency
medical service

SAMU (service
daide
mdicale
durgence)

Microbiology

Microbiologie

Model

Modliser

Microfossil

Microfossile

Modelling

Micromineral

Micro-minral

Micropalaeontology

Micropalontologie

Modlisation,
modle
molculaire

Modem

Modem

Microscope

Microscope

Moderator

Microscopic
fossils

Fossile
microscopique

Modrateur,
ralentisseur

Molar volume

Volume molaire

Midwife

Sage-femme

Mole

Mole

Migraine

Migraine

Molecular

Molculaire

Migrate

Migrer

Migration

Migration

Molecular
biology

Biologie
molculaire

Milky way

Voie lacte

Molecular mass

Masse
molculaire

Milling machine

Fraiseuse

Lexique anglais/franais

Mine

165

Molecular
material

Matriau
molculaire

Molecular model

Modlisation

Molecular orbital

Mould

Moule

Mountain chain

Chane de
montagnes

Orbitale
molculaire

Mountain range

Chane de
montagnes

Molecular
phenotype

Phnotype
molculaire

Mountainous
region

Rgion
montagneuse

Molecular
phylogeny

Philognie
molculaire

Mouse

Souris

Mouse-pad

Tapis

Molecule

Molcule

Mollusc

Mollusque

Molten

Fondu

MRI (magnetic
resonance
imaging)

IRM (imagerie
par rsonance
magntique)

Molten rock

Roche en fusion

Multicellular

Multicellulaire

Moment, vitesse

Accord
multilatral sur
lenvironnement
(AME)

Monitor (n.)

Moniteur

Monitor (v.)

Surveiller

Multilateral
environmental
agreement
(MEA)

Monochromatic
light

Lumire monochromatique

Multiple sclerosis
(MS)

Sclrose en
plaques

Monocrystal

Monocristal

Multiplication

Multiplication

Mononucleosis

Mononuclose

Multiply

Multiplier

Mood swings

Sautes dhumeur

Mumps (the)

Oreillons

Moon

Lune

Muscle

Muscle

Moraine

Moraine

Music le

Fichier musical

Mordenite

Mordenite

Mutate

Muter

Morphology

Morphologie

Mutation

Mutation

Mother cell

Cellule mre

Mortar

Creuset

Myocardial
infarction

Infarctus du
myocarde

Motherboard

Carte mre

Myxini

Myxine

Motion

Mouvement

Momentum

166

Networking

Gestion de
rseaux

Clouer

Neurological

Neurologique

Nanometer

Nanomtre

Neurosis

Nvrose

Natural cavity

Cavit naturelle

Neurosurgery

Neurochirurgie

Natural disasters

Catastrophes
naturelles

Neurotic

Nvros

Neutral

Neutre

Natural gas

Gaz naturel

Neutralisation

Neutralisation

Natural hazards

Risques naturels

Neutralise

Neutraliser

Natural
resources

Ressources
naturelles

Neutrino

Neutrino

Neutron

Neutron

Natural selection

Slection
naturelle

Neutron star

toile neutrons

Nature
conservation

Protection
de la nature

New general
catalog NGC

Nouveau catalogue gnral

Nausea

Nause

Nadir

Nadir

Nail (n.)

Clou

Nail (v.)

New moon

Nouvelle lune

News group

Forum
dinformation

Nebula (plu. -ae)

Nbuleuse

Negative number

Nombre ngatif

Newton

Newton

Nektic

Nectique

Nekton

Necton

Newtonian
telescope

Tlescope
de Newton

Nektonic

Nectonique

Neogene

Nogne

Neon

Non

NHS (National
Health Service
in GB)

Services
mdicaux
(en GB)

Nephritis

Nphrite

Niobium

Niobium

Nervous
breakdown

Dpression
nerveuse

Nitrate pollution

Pollution
aux nitrates

Nervous disorder

Maladie
nerveuse

Nitrates

Nitrates

Nitric acid

Acide azotique
Nitrites

Nervous system

Systme nerveux

Nitrite

Nervousness

Nervosit

Nitrogen

Azote

Nest

Nid

Nitrogen dioxide

Netsurfer

Internaute

Dioxyde dazote
(NO2)

Network

Rseau

Nitrogen oxide

Monoxyde
dazote (NO)

Lexique anglais/franais

167

Nitrogen
protoxide

Protoxyde
dazote (N2O)

Nuclear power

nergie
nuclaire

Nitrous oxide

Protoxyde
dazote (N2O)

Nuclear power
plant

Centrale
nuclaire

Noble gas

Gaz rare

Node

Nud, point
nodal

Nuclear power
station

Centrale
nuclaire

Nuclear reactor

Racteur
nuclaire

Nuclear test ban

Interdiction
des essais
nuclaires

Nodule

Nodule

Non metal

Non mtallique

Non recyclable

Non recyclable

Non-degradable

Non biodgradable

Nuclear waste

Dchets
nuclaires

Non-renewable
energy

nergies non
renouvelables

Nuclear-free zone

Zone
dnuclarise

Non-volatile

Non volatile

Nucleic acid

Acide nuclique

Normal

Normal

Nucleon

Nuclon

Normal force

Force normale

Nucleophile

Nuclophile

Northern
hemisphere

Hmisphre nord

Nucleophilic

Nuclophile

Notochord

Notochorde

Nucleophily

Nuclophilie

Nova (plu. -ae or


-as)

Nova

Nucleus (plu. -ei)

Noyau

Number

Nombre

Nuclear chemistry

Chimie nuclaire

Numbness

Engourdissement

Nuclear ssion

Fission nuclaire

Numeric keypad

Pav numrique

Nuclear fusion

Fusion nuclaire

Nurse

Inrmier, inrmire

Rsonance
magntique
nuclaire

Nursing auxiliary

Aide soignant

Nutrient

Nutriment

Nuclear
magnetic
resonance

O
Obesity

Obsit

Obtuse angle

Angle obtus

Observation

Observation

Occultation

Occultation

Troubles
obsessionnels
compulsifs
(TOC)

Occupational
disease

Maladie professionnelle

Obsessive
Compulsive
Disorder (OCD)

168

TOC (Troubles
obsessionnels
compulsifs)

Ocean dumping

Online le-sharing
programme

Rejet de dchets
en mer

Programme
de partage
de chiers
en ligne

Online piracy

Piratage en ligne

Oceanic crust

Crote
ocanique

Online
shopping

Achats en ligne

Octagon

Octogone

Octahedron

Octadre

Onset of
symptoms

Dbut des
symptmes

Odd

Impair

Oort cloud

Nuage dOort

Odd number

Nombre impair

Open cluster

Amas ouvert

Oedema

dme

Open sea

Large (n.)

Contrevenant

Open universe

Univers ouvert

Offshore

Au large

Operand

Oprande

Ohm

Ohm

Operate on

Oprer

Oil

Huile, ptrole
(US)

Operating room
(OR)

Salle dopration

Oil pollution

Pollution aux
hydrocarbures

Operating system
(OS)

Systme
dexploitation

Oil renery

Rafnerie de
ptrole

Operation

Opration,
intervention

Oil rig

Plate-forme
de forage

Operator

Oprateur

Opposition

Opposition

Oil slick

Nappe de
ptrole

Optical density

Densit optique

Optical isomer

Isomre optique

Oil spill

Mare noire,
rejet dhydrocarbures

Optical property

Proprit optique

Optics

Optique

Oil tanker

Ptrolier

Orbit (n.)

Orbite

Oiled bird

Oiseau
mazout

Orbit (v.)

Graviter

Orbital

Orbitale

Offender

Oileld

Gisement
ptrolifre

Order (n.)

Ordre,
commande

Oligomer

Oligomre

Order (v.)

Omnivore

Omnivore

Ordonner,
commander

Omnivorous

Omnivore

Ordinate

Ordonne

Oncologist

Oncologue,
oncologiste

Ordovician

Ordovicien

Ore

Minerai

Online

En ligne

Organ

Organe

Lexique anglais/franais

OCD (Obsessive
Compulsive
Disorder)

169

Organic

Organique

Ostracoderm

Ostracoderme

Organic
chemistry

Chimie
organique

Outpatients
department

Consultation
externe

Organic farming

Agriculture
biologique

Output

Sortie, rendement

Overexploitation

Surexploitation

Organic fertiliser

Engrais
biologique

Overload

Surcharge

Overwrite

craser

Oviparous

Ovipare

Produit
bio(logique)

Ovum (plu. -a)

Ovule

Oxidation

Oxydation

Organically-grown
vegetables

Lgumes
biologiques

Oxidation number

Nombre
doxydation

Oxide

Oxyde

Organic-certied
product

Produit issu de
lagriculture
biologique

Oxidise (n.)

Oxydant

Oxidise (v.)

Oxyder

Organism

Organisme

Oxidisible

Oxydable

Organomagnesian

Organomagnsien

Oxidising

Oxydant

Oxygen

Oxygne

Organolithian

Organolithien

Ozone depletion

Orientation

Orientation

Orogen

Orogne

Appauvrissement en ozone,
diminution de
lozone

Orogeny

Orognie,
orognse

Ozone hole

Orography

Orographie

Trou dans
la couche
dozone

Osmolysis

Osmolyse

Ozone layer

Couche dozone

Osteomyelitis

Ostomylite

Ozonosphere

Ozonosphre

Ostracode

Ostracode

Organic food
Organic product

Aliment
biologique

P
170

Pack

Compresser

Paediatrics (GB)

Pdiatrie

Packaging
recycling

Recyclage
demballages

Page break

Saut de page

Paediatrician
(GB)

Pdiatre

Paid-for download service

Service de tlchargement
payant

Souffrance,
douleur

Panel

Comit,
commission

Pain reliever

Analgsique,
calmant

Paper recycling

Recyclage
du papier

Painkiller

Analgsique,
calmant

Parabola
(plu. -as or -ae)

Parabole

Paint

Peinture
(matriau)

Parabolic mirror

Miroir
parabolique

Painting

Peinture, tableau

Paradox

Paradoxe

Pair production

Production de
paires

Parallel

Parallle

Parallel circuit

Circuit parallle

Palaeontologist

Palontologue

Parallelogram

Paralllogramme

Palaeontology

Palontologie

Paralysed

Paralys

Paleoanthropology

Paloanthropologie

Paramedic

Ambulancier

Paleobathymetry

Palobathymtrie

Paramedical

Paramdical

Paramedics

Paleobiochemistry

Palobiochimie

Personnel
paramdical

Paraphyletic

Paraphyltique

Paleobotanic

Palobotanique

Paraphyly

Paraphylie

Paleoclimate

Paloclimat

Parent cell

Cellule mre

Paleoclimatology

Paloclimatologie

Partial eclipse

Eclipse partielle

Particle

Particule

Paleocoprology

Palocoprologie

Pascal

Pascal

Paleoecology

Palocologie

Pass

Col

Paleoenvironment

Paloenvironnement

Pass a stone

Eliminer un
calcul

Paleogene

Palogne

Password

Mot de passe

Paleogeography

Palogographie

Pasturage

Pturages

Paleoichnology

Paloichnologie

Pasture

Pturages

Paleozoic

Palozoque

Pasture lands

Pturages

Paleozoology

Palozoologie

Path

Trajectoire

Palpitation

Palpitation

Pathogen

Pathogne

Palynology

Palynologie

Pathologist

Pathologiste

Pancreas

Pancras

Pathology

Pathologie

Pancreatitis

Pancratite

Patient

Malade

Pandemic (n.)

Pandmie

Pandemic (adj.)

Pandmique

PC (personal
computer)

PC, ordinateur de
bureau

Lexique anglais/franais

Pain

171

Pdiatre

Phases
of the moon

Phases
de la lune

Pdiatrie

Phenetics

Phntique

Peer-to-peer, peer2-peer, P2P

Pair--pair, peerto-peer, P2P

Phenomenon
(plu. na)

Phnomne

Pelagic

Plagique

Phenotype

Phnotype

Pentagon

Pentagone

Philogenetic

Philogntique

Penumbra

Pnombre

Philogenetics

Philogntique

Percentage

Pourcentage

pH-meter

pH-mtre

Perigee

Prige

pH-metry

pH-mtrie

Prihlie

Phosphate

Phosphate

Perimeter

Primtre

Phosphorescence

Period

poque, priode

Phosphorescence

Periodic

Priodique

Phosphorescent

Phosphorescent

Periodic table

Tableau de
Mendeleev

Phosphorus

Phosphore

Photochemistry

Photochimie

Peripheral

Priphrique

Perlite

Perlite

Photoelectric
effect

Effet photolectrique

Permutation

Permutation

Photoelectron

Photolectron

Perpendicular

Perpendiculaire

Photolysis

Photolyse

Personal
computer (PC)

Ordinateur
de bureau, PC

Pesticide

Peak

Sommet

Pediatrician (US)
Pediatrics (US)

Perihelion

Pestle

172

Photon

Photon

Photosphere

Photosphre

Pesticide

Photosynthesis

Photosynthse

Pilon

Photovoltaic cell

Cellule
photovoltaque

Photovoltaic plant

Centrale solaire

Phreatic decline

Baisse
de la nappe
phratique

Petried

Ptri

Petrography

Ptrographie

Petrol (GB)

Essence

Petroleum (GB)

Ptrole

Petrology

Ptrologie

Phylogeny

Philognie

pH

pH

Phylum (plu. a)

Phylum

Phanerozoic

Phanrozoque

Chimie physique

Pharmaceutical
industry

Industrie pharmaceutique

Physical
chemistry

Pharmacology

Pharmacologie

Physical
geography

Gographie
physique

Pharmacy

Pharmacie

Physical law

Loi physique

Pharyngitis

Pharyngite

Physical property

Proprit
physique

Phase

Phase

Tectonique
des plaques

Physique

Plateau

Plateau

Physiological
chemistry

Chimie
physiologique

Platform

Plate-forme

Plesiomorph

Plsiomorphe

Physiological salt
solution

Srum
physiologique

Plesiomorphy

Plsiomorphie

Plot

Tracer

Physiologist

Physiologiste

Plotter

Physiology

Physiologie

Traceur
graphique

Pi

Pi

Plug (n.)

Prise mle

Pick up speed

Prendre de la
vitesse

Plug (v.)

Brancher

Plume

Panache
(de fume)

Mdecin

Physicist

Physicien

Physics

Piezoelectricity

Pizolectricit

Pig-iron

Fonte brute

Pneumonia

Pneumonie

Pioneer

Pionnier

Pneumopathy

Pneumopathie

Pipette (n.)

Pipette

Point

Aiguille

Pipette (v.)

Prlever la
pipette

Poison (n.)

Poison

Poison (v.)

Empoisonner

Pirate

Pirater

Poison cloud

Nuage toxique

Pitch

Son

Poisonous

Placoderms

Placodermes

Toxique,
empoisonn

Planetary nebula

Nbuleuse
plantaire

Polar axis

Axe polaire

Polar cap

Calotte glaciaire

Plankton

Plancton

Polarized

Polaris

Planktonic

Planctonique

Polarogram

Polarogramme

Plant

Plante, usine

Polarography

Polarographie

Plant breeder

Phytognticien

Poliomyelitis

Poliomylite

Plants at risk

Plantes en
danger

Pollen

Pollen

Plasma

Plasma

Pollinate

Polliniser

Plaster tile

Carreau
de pltre

Pollutant

Polluant

Pollute

Polluer
Pollueur

Plastic
packaging

Conditionnement en
plastique

Polluter
Polluter pays
principle

Principe
pollueur-payeur

Plastics

Plastique, matire
plastique

Polluting agent

Agent de
pollution

Plastics
technology

Plasturgie

Pollution alert

Alerte la
pollution

Lexique anglais/franais

Plate tectonics

Physician

173

174

Pollution
charges

Redevances
de pollution

Precipitate (v.)

Prcipiter

Precipitation

Prcipitation

Pollution
monitoring

Contrle de la
pollution

Precision tool
industry

Industrie
de prcision

Pollution rights
market

March des
droits polluer

Predator

Prdateur

Polygon

Polygone

Predictable

Prvisible

Polymer

Polymre

Pregnancy

Grossesse

Polymerisation

Polymrisation

Polymerise

Polymriser

Polynomial

Polynme

Polyphyletic

Polyphiltique

Ponderal analysis

Analyse
pondrale

Prehistoric

Prhistorique

Prenatal

Prnatal

Preparation

Prparation

Prescribe

Prescrire

Prescription

Ordonnance

Preservation

Sauvegarde
Conservateur

Pose a threat

Constituer
une menace

Preservative
Preserve

Protger

Positron

Positron

Pressure

Pression

Post a le online

Mettre un dossier
en ligne

Prestressed
concrete

Bton
pr-contraint

Potash

Potasse

Potassium

Potassium

Preventive
medicine

Mdecine
prventive

Potential energy

nergie
potentielle

Prey

Proie

Primary alcohol

Alcool primaire

Potentiometer

Potentiomtre

Primary colour

Couleur primaire

Potentiometry

Potentiomtrie

Prime number

Nombre premier

Power

Puissance

Primitive

Primitif

Power plant

Centrale
lectrique

Principal axis

Axe principal

Principle

Principe

Power station

Centrale
lectrique

Printer

Imprimante

Practise
medicine

Exercer la
mdecine

Printout

Listing, copie

Prism

Prisme

Precambrian

Prcambrien

Pristine water

Eau pure

Precast panel

Panneau
prfabriqu

Probe (n.)

Sonde

Probe (v.)

Sonder

Precautionary
principle

Principe de
prcaution

Process (n.)

Processus,
procd

Precession

Prcession

Process (v.)

Traiter

Precipitate (n.)

Prcipit

Industrie de
transformation

Prove

Prouver

Psychiatry

Psychiatrie

Processor

Processeur

Pterodactyl

Ptrodactyle

Produce (n.)

Produit frais

Pterodactyloid

Ptrodactyloide

Produce (v.)

Produire

Pterosauria

Ptrosauriens

Produce
antibodies

Produire
des anticorps

Puberty

Pubert

Product

Produit
manufactur

Public health

Sant publique

Public works

Travaux publics

Ouvrier
de fabrication

Pull

Attraction

Pulsar

Pulsar

Programming

Programmation

Pulse

Progress (n.)

Progrs

Impulsion,
pulsation

Progress (v.)

Progresser

Pumice

Pierre ponce

Proof

Preuve

Pump (n.)

Pompe

Property

Proprit

Pump (v.)

Pomper

Prospect

Perspective

Pumping

Pompage

Protected species

Espce protge

Pumping system

Protein

Protine

Systme de
pompage

Proton

Proton

Production worker

Prototype

Prototype

Protractor

Rapporteur

Pyramid

Pyramide

Pythagoras
theorem

Thorme
de Pythagore

Lexique anglais/franais

Processing
industry

Q
Quadrangle

Quadrangle

Qualitative

Qualitatif

Quadrangular

Quadrangulaire

Quadratic
equation

quation
quadratique

Qualitative
analysis

Analyse
qualitative

Quantitative

Quantitatif

Quantitative
analysis

Analyse
quantitative

Quantum

Quantum,
quantique

Quantum
chemistry

Chimie
quantique

Quadrilateral (n.)

Quadrilatre

Quadrilateral
(adj.)

Quadrilatral

Quadriplegia

Ttraplgie

Quadruped

Quadrupde

175

Quantum
mechanics

Mcanique
quantique

Quasar

Quasar

Quaternary

Quaternaire

Quantum theory

Thorie
quantique

Quaternary
ammonium

Ammonium
quaternaire

Quark

Quark

Quicklime

Chaux vive

Quarry

Carrire

Quotient

Quotient

Quartz

Quartz

Qwerty keyboard

Clavier qwerty

R
Rabies

Rage

Radium

Radium

Racemic

Racmique

Radius (plu. -ii)

Rayon

Racemise

Racmiser

Radon

Radon

Radiation

Radiation

Rainfall

Pluviomtrie

Radical (n.)

Radical

Rainforest

Fort tropicale

Radical (adj.)

Radicalaire
Substitution
nuclophile
radicalaire
dordre 1

RAM (random
access
memory)

Mmoire vive

Radicalnucleophilic
substitution

RAM chip

Barrette mmoire

Random

Alatoire

Radioactive

Radioactif

Ratio

Rapport

Radioactive
discharges

Rejets radioactifs

Raw material

Matire premire

Radioactive
fallout

Retombes
radioactives

Raw sewage
discharges

Rejet des eaux


uses non
traites

Radioactive fuels

Combustibles
radioactifs

Ray

Rayon

Dchets
radioactifs

React

Ragir

Reaction

Raction
Ractif

Radioactive
waste

176

Radioactivity

Radioactivit

Reactive

Radiocarbon

Carbone 14

Reactivity

Ractivit

Radiocarbon
dating

Datation au
carbone 14

Reactor

Racteur

Reagent

Ractif

Radiochronologic
dating

Datation radiochronologique

Real image

Image relle

Real number

Nombre rel

Radiography

Radiographie

Proposer une
hypothse

Reboot

Rinitialiser

Receiver

Rcepteur

Recessive

Rcessif

Recessive gene

Gne rcessif

Recipient (graft)

Receveur

Recrystallisation

Recristallisation

Recrystallise

Recristalliser

Rectangle

Reducing

Rducteur

Reduction

Diminution,
rduction

Reecting
telescope

Tlescope
rexion

Reection
nebula

Nbuleuse
rchissante

Reexivity

Rexivit

Reforestation

Reboisement

Rectangle

Refracting
telescope

Tlescope
rfraction

Rectangular

Rectangulaire

Refraction

Rfraction

Recyclable item

Article
recyclable

Refractor

Rfracteur

Recyclable
plastics

Plastiques
recyclables

Refuse

Ordures

Refuse disposal

Recycle

Recycler

Traitement des
ordures

Recycled paper

Papier recycl

Refuse
incineration

Recycling

Recyclage

Incinration
des ordures
mnagres

Recycling bin

Poubelle
de recyclage

Regenerative
properties

Capacits de
rgnration

Recycling
collection
service from
ones home

Ramassage des
produits
recyclables
domicile

Reinforced
concrete

Bton arm

Reject

Rejeter

Recycling
industry

Industrie du
recyclage

Rejection

Rejet

Relativity

Relativit

Recycling policy

Politique du
recyclage

Release in the
atmosphere

Relcher dans
latmosphre

Red (blood)
corpuscle

Hmatie

Relief

Relief,
soulagement

Red data book

Livre Rouge
(des espces
menaces)

Relieve

Soulager

Remedial
medicine

Mdecine
curative

Gante rouge

Removal

Ablation

Red giant
Reddening

Rougeoiement

Remove

Enlever

Redshift

Dcalage vers
le rouge

Renal failure

Insufsance
rnale

Reduce

Diminuer, rduire

Renewables

Reducible

Rductible

nergies
renouvelables

Replica

Rplique

Lexique anglais/franais

Reason

177

Reprocessing of
nuclear waste
Reptilian

Reptilien

Research and
development

Recherche
et dveloppement

Rheumatism

Rhumatisme

Rhizopod

Rhizopode

Rhodium

Rhodium

Rhombus (plu.
-buses or -bi)

Losange

Rib

Cte
Cage thoracique

Research area

Domaine de
recherches

Rib cage
Ridge

Crte

Research
budget

Budget
consacr la
recherche

Right angle

Angle droit

Rise in sea level

Research centre

Centre de
recherches

Augmentation
du niveau
de la mer

Research
department

Service de
recherche,
bureau
dtudes

RNA (ribonucleic
acid)

ARN (acide
ribonuclique)

Robotics

Robotique

Rock

Roche

Travaux de
recherche

Rock face

Paroi

Rocket

Fuse

Researcher

Chercheur
Interne

ROM (Read Only


Memory)

Mmoire morte

Resident
Resin

Rsine

Resistance

Rsistance

Rotary
evaporator

vaporateur
rotatif

Resolution

Rsolution

Rotation

Rotation

Rotatory power

Pouvoir rotatoire

Rough sea

Mer agite

RR Lyrae variable

Variable de type
RR Lyrae

R-strategy
species

Espce
stratgie R

Rubber

Caoutchouc

Rubbish

Ordures

Rubbish dump

Dchetterie

Rubbish heap

Dcharge

Rubella

Rubole

Rudist

Rudiste

Run off the land

Sinltrer dans la
terre

Research work

178

Retraitement
des dchets
nuclaires

Resolve

Rsoudre

Resonance

Rsonance

Respiratory
illness

Maladie
respiratoire

Rest

Repos

Resultant

Rsultante

Retort

Cornue

Retrieve

Extraire

Retrieve data

Rcuprer des
donnes

Retrograde
motion

Mouvement
rtrograde

Retrograde
rotation

Rotation
rtrograde

Re-use

Recycler

Safety device

Dispositif de
scurit

School of
Medicine (US)

Facult de
mdecine

Salmonellosis

Salmonellose

Science

Science

Salt

Sel

Scientic

Scientique

Sample

Echantillon

Scientist

Scientique

Sampling tube

Tube essai

Scoria

Scories

Sand

Sable

Screen

Ecran

Sand bath

Bain de sable

Sea-bed

Fond marin

Sander

Ponceuse

Sea-level rise

Sanitary control

Mesures
sanitaires

Augmentation
du niveau
de la mer

Sanitary
regulations

Rgles sanitaires

Search engine

Moteur de
recherche

Saponication

Saponication

Second

Seconde

SARS (severe
acute respiratory
syndrome)

SRAS (syndrome
respiratoire aigu
svre)

Secondary
alcohol

Alcool
secondaire

Satellite

Satellite

Saturated

Satur

Second-order
nucleophilic
substitution

Substitution
nuclophile
du 2e ordre

Sauropod
(plu. s or a)

Sauropode

Sediment

Sdiment

Sedimentary

Sdimentaire

Sedimentary
deposit

Formation
sdimentaire

Sedimentary rock

Roche
sdimentaire

Savannah

Savane

Save

Sauvegarder

Scalar

Scalaire

Scale(s)

Balance

Sedimentology

Sdimentologie

Scalpel

Scalpel

See patients

Consulter

Scan (n. and v.)

Scanner

Seed

Semence

Scanner (device)

Scanner

Seism

Sisme

Scarlet fever

Scarlatine

Seismic risk

Risque sismique

Scavenger

Charognard

Seismic wave

Onde sismique

Scholar

Savant, rudit

Seismology

School doctor

Mdecin
scolaire

Sismologie,
sismologie

Seizure

Attaque

Lexique anglais/franais

179

Selective

Slectif

Sheath

Gaine

Selectivity

Slectivit

Shell

Coquille

Selenium

Slnium

Shield

Bouclier

Self-induction

Auto-induction

Shingles

Zona

Self-pollination

Autopollinisation

Shipwreck

Naufrage

Self-purication

Autopuration

Schizophrenia

Schizophrnie

Semiconductors

Semi-conducteur

Shop on the Net

Semi-precious
stone

Pierre semiprcieuse

Acheter
par Internet

Shop online

Sensor

Dtecteur

Acheter par
Internet

Septicaemia

Septicmie

Shore

Rivage

Septicemy

Septicmie

Short-circuit

Court-circuit

Sequence (n.)

Squence

Shortcut

Raccourci

Sequence (v.)

Squencer

Essoufement

Sequencing

Squenage

Shortness of
breath

Sequential
approach

Approche
squentielle

Shot

Piqre

Shoulder blade

Omoplate
Navette

Series

Srie

Shuttle

Series circuit

Circuit en srie

Sick

Malade

Serum

Srum

Sick leave

Cong maladie

Set

Ensemble

Side effects

Set square

querre

Effets
secondaires

Settings

Paramtres

Sidereal

Sidrale

Setup le

Fichier de
conguration

Silica

Silice

Silica gel

Sewage

gouts, eaux
uses

Silicagel, gel
de silice

Silicate

Silicate
Siliceux

Sewage plant

Station
dpuration

Siliceous
Siliceous rock

Roche siliceuse

Sewage sludge

Boues dgout

Silicon

Silicium

Sexually
transmissible
disease (STD)

Maladie
sexuellement
transmissible
(MST)

Silicone

Silicone

Silt

Limon

Silurian

Silurien

Puits (mine),
arbre de
couche

Silver

Argent

Simplication

Simplication

Sine

Sinus

Single-celled

Unicellulaire

Shaft

180

Shallow

Peu profond

Shape

Forme

Interligne simple

Soil depletion

Sinking of waste

Immersion des
dchets

Appauvrissement
des sols

Soil pollution

Pollution des sols

Skeleton

Squelette

Solar activity

Activit solaire

Skilled worker

Ouvrier quali

Solar energy

nergie solaire

Skimmer vessel

Barge de
rcupration

Solar nebula

Nbuleuse
solaire

Skin

Peau

Solar panel

Panneau solaire

Skull

Crne

Solar wind

Vent solaire

Slab

Dalle

Solder

Souder

Slate

Ardoise

Solid

Solide

Sledgehammer

Marteau piqueur

Solid phase

Phase solide

Slope

Pente

Solidication

Solidication

Sludge
processing

Traitement
des boues

Solstice

Solstice

Soluble

Soluble

Small intestine

Intestin grle

Soluble anode

Anode soluble

Smelt

Fondre

Soluble electrode

Electrode soluble

Smelting works

Fonderie

Solution

Solut, solution

Smog

Smog

Solvate (n.)

Solvate

Smokestack

Chemine
dusine

Solvate (v.)

Solvater

Smooth sea

Mer calme

Solvation

Solvatation

Snail

Escargot

Solve

Rsoudre

Sneak into our


food

Sinltrer dans
notre nourriture

Solvent

Solvant

Sonic boom

Socket

Prise femelle

Bang
supersonique

Sodium

Sodium

Sore (n.)

Plaie

Soft energy

nergie douce

Sore (adj.)

Douloureux

Software

Logiciel

Sore throat

Mal de gorge

Software bug

Erreur de logiciel

Sort garbage

Trier les ordures

Software
company

Socit de
services et
de conseils
en informatique

Sorting centre

Centre de tri

Sound wave

Onde de son

Source

Source

Source of energy

Source dnergie

Southern
hemisphere

Hmisphre sud

Space

Espace

Space ight

Vol spatial

Software
package

Progiciel

Software piracy

Piratage
de logiciels

Soil chemistry

Chimie du sol

Lexique anglais/franais

Single spacing

181

182

Space research

Recherche
spatiale

Spew forth/out/
into the air

Cracher
(volcan)

Space shuttle

Navette spatiale

Sphere

Sphre

Spacecraft

Engin ou
vaisseau spatial

Spine

Colonne
vertbrale

Spacing

Interligne

Spiral galaxy

Spasm

Spasme

Galaxie en
spirale

Specialised
branches
of medicine

Mdecine
spcialise

Spore

Spore

Sports medicine

Mdecine
du sport

Specialist

Spcialiste

Sprain

Entorse

Species

Espce

Spray can

Specimen

Spcimen

Bombe arosol,
atomiseur

Spectrograph

Spectrographe

Spreadsheet

Tableur

Spectrometer

Spectromtre

Spring

Source

Spectrophotometer

Spectrophotomtre

Spur

Contrefort

Square (n.)

Carr, au carr

Spectrophotometry

Spectrophotomtrie

Square (v.)

Mettre ou lever
au carr

Spectroscope

Spectroscope

Square root

Racine carre

Spectroscopic
binary

Binaire spectroscopique

Squared

Au carr

Stability

Stabilit

Spectrum
(plu. -a)

Spectre

Stable condition

tat stable

Speculate

Proposer une
hypothse

Stage

tage

Stainless

Inoxydable

Stainless steel

Acier inoxydable

Standing wave

Onde
stationnaire

Speech problems

Problmes
dlocution

Speed

Vitesse

Speed of light

Vitesse de la
lumire

Star cluster

Amas globulaire

Start up

Mettre en route

Speleology

Splologie

State

tat

Spell check

Correcteur
orthographique

Static equilibrium

Equilibre statique

Sperm bank

Banque du
sperme

STD (sexually
transmissible
disease)

MST (maladie
sexuellement
transmissible)

Sperm donation

Don de sperme

Steel

Acier

Spermatozoon
(plu. -zoa)

Spermatozode

Steel works

Acirie

Stem cell

Cellule souche

Torticolis

Strong acid

Acide fort

Stiffness

Raideur

Strong base

Base forte

Still

Alambic

Structural
geology

Gologie
structurale

Study

tude

Stomach-ache

Mal de ventre

Stomach ulcer

Ulcre
lestomac

Study medicine

Storage

Mmoire, mise
en mmoire,
stockage

Faire des tudes


de mdecine

Subatomic

Subatomique

Subgroup

Sous-groupe

Capacit
de mmoire

Sublimation

Sublimation

Store data

Stocker des
donnes

Subsoil

Sous-sol

Substance

Substance

Storm

Tempte

Substitution

Substitution

Straight angle

Angle plat

Substratum

Sous-sol

Strain (of virus)

Souche
(de virus)

Subtract

Soustraire

Subtraction

Soustraction

Storage capacity

Strait

Dtroit

Sulfate (US)

Sulfate

Stratication

Stratication

Sulde (US)

Sulfure

Stratigraphy

Stratigraphie

Sulte (US)

Sulte

Stratosphere

Stratosphre

Sulfur (US)

Soufre

Stratotype

Stratotype

Sulphate (GB)

Sulfate

Stratum (plu. -ta)

Strate

Sulphide (GB)

Sulfure

Stream and river


pollution

Pollution des
cours deau

Stream

Torrent

Strength of
materials

Rsistance des
matriaux

Stress

Stress

Stressed

Stress

Stressful

Stressant

Stretch of land

tendue de terre

Stroboscope

Stroboscope

Stroke

Accident
vasculaire
crbral (AVC),
attaque
crbrale

Strong

Rsistant

Sulphite (GB)

Sulte

Sulphur (GB)

Soufre

Sulphuric acid

Acide sulfurique

Sum

Additionner

Summit

Sommet

Sunspot

Tache solaire

Sunspot cycle

Cycle des taches


solaires

Superacid

Superacide

Superconductivity

Supraconductivit

Supergiant

Super gante

Supervisor

Agent de
matrise

Supply water

Alimenter en eau

Lexique anglais/franais

Stiff neck

183

Surf on the Net

Surfer sur le net

Surface layer
of the earth

Couche supercielle de la Terre

Surface tension

Tension
de surface

Sustainable
or renewable
energies

nergies
renouvelables

Swallowhole

Aven

Swap music
online

changer
de la musique
en ligne

Swelling

Enure

Swill tanks

Dgazer

Swine u

Grippe porcine,
grippe A,
virus H1N1

Switch

Commutateur

Surface wave

Onde de surface

Surgeon

Chirurgien

Surgery

Chirurgie,
opration
chirurgicale

Surgical

Chirurgical

Survival of the
ttest

Loi du plus fort

Suspension

Suspension

Swollen

En

Durabilit

Symbol

Symbole

Sustainable

Durable, viable

Symmetry

Symtrie

Sustainable
agriculture

Agriculture viable

Symptoms

Symptmes

Synapomorph

Synapomorphe

Sustainable
development

Dveloppement
durable

Synapomorphy

Synapomorphie

Synthesis

Synthse

Sustainable
development
indicators

Indicateurs
de dveloppement durable
(IDD)

Synthetic bres

Fibres
synthtiques

Synthesise

Synthtiser

nergie durable

Syringe

Seringue

System

Systme

Systemic

Systmique

Sustainability

Sustainable
energy

184

Tablets

Comprims

Take off

Dcoller

Tachycardia

Tachycardie

Take-off

Dcollage

Take a sample

Faire un
prlvement

Tangent

Tangente

Tank cleaning

Dgazage

Take care
(of someone)

Soigner
(quelquun)

Tap water

Eau du robinet

Take medical
advice

Consulter
un mdecin

Taxidermy

Taxidermie

Taxon (plu. -a)

Taxon

Systme de
classication
taxonomique

Taxonomic rank

Rang
taxonomique

Therapy

Thrapie

Thermal
discharges

Rejets
thermiques
Expansion
thermique
des ocans

Taxonomy

Taxonomie

Thermal
expansion
of the oceans

TB (tuberculosis)

Tuberculose

Thermochemistry

Thermochimie

TB test

Cuti

Thermodynamics

Technique

Technique

Thermodynamique

Tectonic plates

Plaques
tectoniques

Thermogravimetry

Thermogravimtrie

Telure

Tlure

Thermometer

Thermomtre

Thermonuclear
reaction

Raction thermonuclaire

Thermosphere

Thermosphre

Thermostat

Thermostat

Temperature

Temprature

Tension

Tension

Terminal

Terminal

Terminal care

Soins palliatifs

Terminator

Terminator

Thermostated
bath

Bain thermostat

Terrestrial

Terrestre

Theropoda

Thropodes

Terrestrial planet

Plante terrestre

Think tank

Groupe dexperts

Tertiary alcohol

Alcool tertiaire

Thorium

Thorium

Test

Test, exprience

Test tube

prouvette,
tube essai

Threatened
species

Espce
menace
de disparition

Test-glass

prouvette

Test-tube baby

Bb prouvette

Threatened
with extinction

En voie
de disparition

Tetanus

Ttanos

Three-toed foot

Pied tridactyle

Threshold

Seuil

Throughput

Dbit

Throw away

Jeter

Throw out

Jeter
Jetable

Tetraplegia

Ttraplgie

Tetrapod

Ttrapode

Textile
manufacturers

Industriels
du textile

Theorem

Thorme

Throwaway

Theoretical
chemistry

Chimie
thorique

Throwaway object

Objet jetable

Thyroid

Thyrode

Theoretician

Thoricien

Thyroid gland

Theorise

Thoriser

Glande
thyrodienne

Theory

Thorie

Tidal energy

Therapeutic
cloning

Clonage
thrapeutique

nergie
marmotrice

Lexique anglais/franais

Taxonomic
classication
system

185

Tidal power

nergie
marmotrice

Tidal wave

Lame de fond,
raz-de-mare

Tile

Toxine

Trace fossils

Traces dactivit
biologique
fossilises

Carrelage

Traceability

Traabilit

Tilt (n.)

Inclinaison

Track (n.)

Piste

Tilt (v.)

Incliner

Track (v.)

Suivre la trace

Time

Temps

Trafc

Tin

tain, bote de
conserve (GB)

Circulation
automobile

Trafc jam

Tissue

Tissu

Bouchon
automobile

Titanium

Titane

Trail

Trane

Puissance

Trajectory

Trajectoire

Toarcian

Toarcien

Transfer

Transfert

Toarcian stage

tage toarcien

Transformation

Transformation

Tonsillitis

Amygdalite

Transformer

Transformateur

Tonsils

Amygdales

Transgenic

Transgnique

Tooth

Dent

Transit

Transit

Toothache

Mal de dent

Transition
temperature

Temprature
de transition

Topography

Topographie

Topology

Topologie

Tornado

Tornade

Torque

Torque

Torrent
Total (up)

To the power of

186

Toxin

Transmutation

Transmutation

Transparent

Transparent

Transplant (n.)

Transplantation,
greffe

Torrent

Transplant (v.)

Transplanter

Totaliser

Transplantation

Transplantation

Total eclipse

clipse totale

Transposition

Transposition

Touch down

Atterrir

Trapezium (GB)

Trapze

Touchdown

Atterrissage

Trapezoid (US)

Trapze

Toxic algae

Algues toxiques

Trash

Ordures

Toxic gas

Gaz toxique

Tray

Plateau

Toxic landll site

Dcharge
toxique

Treat

Traiter

Treat an illness

Toxic releases

missions
toxiques

Soigner une
maladie

Toxic waste

Dchets toxiques

Toxicity threshold

Seuil de toxicit

Toxicology

Toxicologie

Treatment

Traitement

Tremor

Secousse,
tremblement

Trial

Exprience

Triangle

Tsunami

Tsunami

Triangular

Triangulaire

Tube

Tube

Triangulation

Triangulation

Tuberculosis (TB)

Tuberculose

Tributary

Afuent

Tumour

Tumeur

Trigger

Dclencher

Tundra

Toundra

Trigonometric

Trigonomtrique

Turbidimetry

Turbidimtrie

Trigonometrical

Trigonomtrique

Turbine

Turbine

Trigonometry

Trigonomtrie

Turnover

Roulement

Trilobite

Trilobite

Turpentine

Trbenthine

Trim

Ajuster

Two-footed

Bipde

Tripod

Trpied

Two-legged

Bipde

Troposphere

Troposphre

Typhoon

Typhon

Trouble

Troubles

Lexique anglais/franais

Triangle

U
Ultrasound

Ultrason

Ultrasound scan
Ultravacuum

chographie

Underground
waters

Nappes
souterraines

Ultravide

Undulatory

Ondulatoire

Ultraviolet
radiation

Radiations
ultraviolettes

Unearth

Dterrer

Unicellular

Unicellulaire

Umbilical cord

Cordon
ombilical

Umbra (plu. -as or


-ae)

Ombre

United Nations
Development
Program (UNDP)

Unbreathable air

Air irrespirable

Programme
des Nations
Unies pour le
Dveloppement
(PNUD)

Uncertainty
principle

Principe
dincertitude
(de Heisenberg)

Unconscious

Inconscient

Underground

Souterrain

Underground
reserves

Nappes
souterraines

Underground
water

Nappe
phratique

Unity

Unit

Universal
gravitation

Gravitation
universelle

Unmanned
mission

Mission sans
quipage

Update

Mettre jour

Upgrade

Amliorer

Uranium

Uranium

Urban ecology

cologie urbaine

187

Urine test

Analyse durine

User-friendly

Convivial

Urticaria

Urticaire

Username

Nom dutilisateur

USB key

Cl USB

U-tube

Tube en U

USB port

Port USB

V
Vacciner

Vertical

Vertical

Vaccination

Vaccination

Vessel

Vaccine

Vaccin

Vaisseau,
rcipient, vase

Vacuum

Vide

Virtual image

Image virtuelle

Vacuum pump

Pompe vide

Virtual memory

Mmoire virtuelle

Valence

Valence

Virus

Virus

Valence electron

lectron de
valence

Viscosity

Viscosit

Visionary

Visionnaire

Value

Valeur

Visiting hours

Heures de visite

Valve

Soupape

Vitreous

Vitreux

Vaporisation

Vaporisation

Vitreous carbon

Carbone vitreux

Vapour

Vapeur

Voice recognition

Variable

Variable

Reconnaissance
de la parole

Variable star

toile variable

Volatile

Volatile

Variance

Variance

Volcanic

Volcanique

Vat

Cuve

Volcanic ash

Vector

Vecteur

Cendres
volcaniques

Veer off course

Quitter la
trajectoire

Volcanism

Volcanisme

Volcano

Volcan

Vegetation loss

Dprissement
de la vgtation

Volcanology

Volcanologie

Volt

Volt

Vein

Veine

Voltmeter

Voltmtre

Velocity

Vlocit

Volume

Volume

Vertebra
(plu. -ae or -as)

Vertbre

Voluntary reaper

Faucheur
volontaire

Vertebrate

Vertbr

Vomit

Vomir

Vertex

Sommet
(gomtrie
plane), vertex

Vulcanisation

Vulcanisation

Vulcanise

Vulcaniser

Vaccinate

188

Ward (hospital)

Service

Wave power

Warez (slang)

Logiciel commercial pirat et mis


en ligne

nergie des
vagues

Waveband

Bande de
frquence

Waste (n.)

Dchets

Weak acid

Acide faible

Waste (v.)

Gaspiller

Weak base

Base faible

Waste disposal

limination
des dchets

Weakness

Faiblesse

Weathering

Dgradation
des sols

Waste recovery

Rcupration
des dchets

Web

Toile

Waste recycling

Recyclage
des dchets

Web address

Adresse de site
internet

Waste recycling
and use

Valorisation
des dchets

Web authoring

Cration de
pages web

Wastewater
treatment

Traitement des
eaux uses

Web browser

Water
management

Gestion de leau

Navigateur,
logiciel de
navigation

Web designer

Water pollution
charges

Redevances
pour pollution
de leau

Concepteur
de sites web

Web hosting

Hbergement de
sites web

Water system

Rseau
dalimentation
en eau

Web page

Page web

Web phone

Baisse de la
nappe
phratique

Tlphone
par internet

Web publishing

dition sur le web

Web server

Serveur

Waterfall

Cascade

Web streaming

Waterproong

Etanchit

Waterworks

Station
hydraulique

Streaming,
diffusion en
continu
Webmestre

Watt

Watt

Webmaster,
webmistress

Wave

Onde

Website, site

Site internet

Wave length,
wavelength

Longueur donde

Weedkiller

Dsherbant

Weeds

Wave mechanics

Mcanique
ondulatoire

Mauvaises
herbes

Weigh

Peser

Water table
decline

Lexique anglais/franais

189

Weight

Poids

Weight loss
Weightlessness
Wetlands

Zones humides

Wheel chair

Fauteuil roulant

White dwarf

Naine blanche

Whiz(z) kid

Petit gnie

Whole number

Nombre entier

Wi-

Wi-Fi

Wi- hot spot

Borne Wi-Fi

Wilderness

Nature sauvage,
jungle

Wildre

Feu de fort

Wildlife

Perte de poids

Word processing
software

Logiciel de traitement de texte

Apesanteur

Word-processing

Traitement
de texte

Work

Travail

Work station

Poste de travail

Working
prototype

Prototype en
tat de marche

World Commission on Environment and


Development
(WCED)

Commission
mondiale sur
lenvironnement
et le dveloppement (CMED)

Worm

Programme de
destruction, ver

Faune

Wound

Blessure, plaie

Wind energy

nergie du vent

Wounded

Bless

Windlass

Treuil

Wing

Aile

Wreak havoc on
the planet

Faire des ravages


sur la plante

Wipe out a
species

Dtruire une
espce

Wreck rainforests

Dtruire les forts


tropicales

Wood

Bois

Wrench

Entorse

X-Y

190

X or Y
chromosome

Chromosome
X ou Y

X-ray
photography

Radiographie

X rays

Rayons X

Yield results

Xenon

Xnon

Donner des
rsultats

X-ray

Rayon X

Zenith

Znith

Zeolite

Zolite

Zodiac

Zodiaque

Zodiacal light

Lumire
zodiacale

Zoogeographical
region

Rgion Zoogographique

Zooplanktonic

Zooplanctonique

Lexique anglais/franais

191

Fiches mthodes

Lexique anglais/franais

Fiches mthodes
Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais

Mthodologie de lpreuve crite


Voici quelques conseils mthodologiques. Nous rappelons que lexpression
crite comme lexpression orale doivent tre structures an de mettre en
valeur les ides du texte et celles que vous aurez dveloppes partir de vos
connaissances personnelles.

Introduction
vitez lternel The text deals with en dbut dessai. Il est prfrable
dentrer directement dans le sujet de larticle avant de donner le plan de
manire subtile :
(Main topic) has been a key issue for some years, however in this case, the
journalist gives us to understand that It would therefore be interesting to
analyse before talking about (and nally).

Dveloppement
Deux ou trois paragraphes sont ncessaires pour rpondre la question pose, selon le nombre de mots demands. Utilisez les mots de
liaison pour souligner le cheminement logique de votre rexion.
Chaque mot de liaison ne devrait tre utilis quune seule fois pour
montrer la richesse de votre vocabulaire. De mme, utilisez des
structures varies, vitant absolument There is ou It is ,
moins demployer des expressions idiomatiques.

Conclusion

Fiches mthodes

La conclusion est vidente lcrit car elle est courte et se place la n


de lessai. Nul besoin donc de lintroduire par une expression vidente. Il
ne sagit pas de rsumer les ides dj prsentes mais de sen servir pour
ouvrir le dbat ou pour lancer une nouvelle piste de rexion.
Dans tous les cas, la conclusion idale est celle qui inclut richesse du
vocabulaire et de la grammaire (modaux, pas de rptition de mots dj
employs) et ides nouvelles.
Ultimately then (main topic) will always be in peoples minds and we may
never be able to change things despite the many alternatives oered us. We
could however wonder if (related topic) would improve our understanding of
the issue.
195

Mthodologie de lpreuve orale


Voici quelques conseils mthodologiques. Nous rappelons que lexpression
crite comme lexpression orale doivent tre structures an de mettre en
valeur les ides du texte et celles que vous aurez dveloppes partir de vos
connaissances personnelles.
Nous rappelons que la richesse de la langue (vocabulaire, expressions idiomatiques, temps, aspects, modaux) compte pour la moiti de la note,
lautre moiti correspondant la bonne comprhension des ides du texte
(dans le rsum) et lanalyse dides personnelles et culturelles (dans le
commentaire).

Introduction
Mme remarque que pour lcrit, mais le plan change car le format de
lpreuve est de rsumer puis de commenter le texte. Lidal est de dvelopper trois grandes ides an de parler pendant les 15 minutes requises.
Il est galement possible de souligner un dcalage entre ce que le titre de
larticle semble annoncer et le contenu du texte, le commentaire pouvant
alors servir approfondir les sous-entendus.
(The main topic) has been a topical issue for some years. The journalist would
even have us believe that Indeed the article focuses on more specically.
We will rst see the main ideas of the text, which will then lead us to comment
on some that I nd particularly interesting, namely, or

Rsum (5 mn)
Organisez les ides pour les enchaner logiquement et viter les rptitions.
Soulignez les liens logiques du texte avec les mots de liaison. Variez les
structures de phrases, les temps, les aspects et les modaux. Utilisez toute la
palette de vos connaissances.
Attention : pas de citations ni de paraphrase du texte. Prsentez les ides
avec vos propres mots de manire logique et non de manire linaire. Il est
donc dconseill dintroduire les ides avec : Firstly Secondly Thirdly
Prfrez : First of all Moreover Last but not least

196

Mthodologie de lpreuve orale

Transition
Prsentez plus prcisment les grandes ides qui vont tre dveloppes dans
le commentaire en essayant de les relier la dernire ide nonce dans le
rsum.
The latter idea naturally leads us to consider three points, , and

Commentaire (10 mn)


Trois grandes parties sont ncessaires pour parler environ 10 minutes. Elles
doivent tre prsentes dans un ordre logique en commenant par celle qui
a un lien direct avec le texte (citation de lauteur, thme, personnalit ou
pays trait dans le texte, ajout de connaissances personnelles sur le sujet),
la deuxime peut largir un peu le sujet (volution du problme depuis la
date de publication, par exemple) et la troisime sloigner encore un peu
plus (parallle avec un autre pays).
Dans tous les cas, mettre le sujet en contexte en rappelant les donnes
politiques, conomiques, culturelles ou historiques du pays concern permet de montrer ses connaissances des pays et des institutions anglophones.
Des illustrations de cas spciques extrieurs au texte, des prcisions et des
notions culturelles sont galement attendues et trs apprcies.
Il est bien entendu possible de faire un parallle avec le sujet tel quil
est trait dans son propre pays, condition que cette partie ne soit pas
en premire position. De mme, le candidat doit prsenter son opinion
personnelle la n du commentaire tout en ltayant dune justication
dtaille.
Il est aussi important de souligner le ton de larticle, lironie, lhumour ou
le parti pris du journaliste. Le titre est souvent porteur de sens mais aussi
lobjet dun jeu de mots (a play on words, a pun). Soulignez-le, expliquezle puis reliez-le dautres lments du texte qui vont dans le mme sens.

Conclusion
Fiches mthodes

Lidal est de commencer par une expression vidente annonant la


conclusion pour que celle-ci ne soit pas confondue avec le commentaire.
Les conseils donns pour lessai sur la richesse du vocabulaire et louverture
du sujet sont bien videmment applicables.
All things considered we cannot but conclude that Still it would be interesting
to explore Then who knows what we would come up with.
Thank you.
197

Lexique pour agencer les ides


Le vocabulaire prsent ci-aprs vous permettra dintroduire, de rsumer,
dargumenter et nalement de conclure vos essais ainsi que vos prsentations orales pour les dirents concours.

Introduire le thme du document

198

In most cases

Dans la plupart des cas

It is often asserted that

On dit souvent que

It is a truism that

Il est banal de dire que

It is a commonplace that

Il est banal de dire que

It is undeniably true that

On ne peut nier le fait que

One of the most striking features of this


issue is

Lun des aspects les plus frappants de


ce problme est

What this question boils down to is

La question se rsume ceci

What should be established at the very


outset is that

La premire constatation qui simpose


est que

It is interesting to consider

Il est intressant de voir

For the great majority of people

Pour les gens en grande majorit

A problem which is often debated today


is

Un problme souvent dbattu


aujourdhui est

We are all deeply concerned with

Nous sommes tous extrmement


concerns par

The question is of major interest and


deserves consideration

La question est dun grand intrt et


mrite considration

We are dealing with a controversy.

Il sagit dune controverse.

We are dealing with a polemic.

Il sagit dune polmique.

The subject is a controversy.

Le sujet est une controverse.

The main point in this article is

Le point principal de cet article est

There are parts in the article


corresponding to

Il y a parties dans cet article qui


correspondent

Several parts stand out in the article.

Plusieurs parties se dtachent dans cet


article.

Lexique pour agencer les ides

The article starts with, then


concentrates on ; next it moves to
before coming back to

Larticle dbute par, puis il est


centr sur ; ensuite il sintresse
avant de revenir

After a short introductory passage in


which the writer provides us with,
he/she proceeds to give us

Aprs une courte introduction dans


laquelle lauteur nous fournit, il
nous donne ensuite

The article is a logical structured


demonstration.

Larticle est une dmonstration structure et logique.

Rendre compte du document et du point


de vue du journaliste
The text is about

Le sujet abord dans le texte est

The text deals with

Le texte traite de

The article focuses on

Larticle se concentre sur

It tackles the issue of

Il aborde le problme de

It raises the question of

Il soulve la question de

The title conveys the impression that

Le titre donne limpression que

The author raises a topical issue.

Lauteur soulve un problme


dactualit.

The journalist raises a burning issue.

Le journaliste pose une question


brlante.

The author raises a key issue.

Lauteur pose une question fondamentale.

The subject is controversial.

Le sujet est discutable.

The author points out that

Lauteur montre que

The author draws our attention to

Lauteur attire notre attention sur

The author alludes to

Lauteur fait allusion

The journalist hints at

Le journaliste fait allusion

According to the journalist

Selon le journaliste

The author comments on

Lauteur commente

The columnist endeavours to

Le chroniqueur seorce de

The authors ambition is to

Lambition de lauteur est de

Fiches mthodes

The author sets the following question Lauteur pose la question suivante

199

Lexique pour agencer les ides

200

His/her aim is to

Son but est de

His/her purpose is to

Son objectif est de

The author intends to

Lauteur cherche

The journalist would have us believe


that

Le journaliste voudrait nous faire


croire que

The author gives us to understand


that

Lauteur nous fait comprendre que

The author supports

Lauteur est en faveur de

The author stands for

Lauteur est en faveur de

The journalist sides with

Le journaliste prend parti pour

The author argues in favour of

Lauteur argumente en faveur de

The journalist advocates

Le journaliste dfend

The journalist gives a fair account of

Le journaliste donne un compterendu honnte de

The columnist ignores the problem of

Le chroniqueur passe sous silence le


problme de

The columnist overlooks a major


problem.

Le chroniqueur nglige un problme


majeur.

The author condemns

Lauteur condamne

The author criticizes

Lauteur critique

The author argues against

Lauteur argumente contre

The columnist denounces

Le chroniqueur dnonce

The author objects to

Lauteur met des objections

The author blames someone for


something.

Lauteur reproche quelquun quelque


chose.

The writer accuses someone of


something.

Le journaliste accuse quelquun de


quelque chose.

The journalist is biased/unbiased.

Le journaliste est partial/impartial.

The journalist is prejudiced/


unprejudiced.

Le journaliste a des prjugs/na pas


de prjugs.

The journalist states that

Le journaliste dclare que

The author claims that

Lauteur prtend que

Lexique pour agencer les ides

The columnist overstates the problem


of

Le chroniqueur exagre le problme


de

The columnist minimizes the problem


of

Le chroniqueur minimise le problme


de

The author debunks the myth of

Lauteur dmystie

The columnists argument is consistent.

Largument du chroniqueur est


cohrent.

The journalist takes great care (not)


to

Le journaliste prendre grand soin de


(ne pas)

To begin with

Pour commencer

Let us begin with

Commenons par

Several arguments can be put forward.

Plusieurs arguments peuvent tre


avancs.

Firstly

Premirement

First of all

Tout dabord

First and foremost

En tout premier lieu

At rst sight

premire vue

The rst question which arises is

La premire question qui se pose


est

The rst thing that needs to be said is

La premire chose dire est

As a starting point we shall examine

Pour commencer, nous examinerons

We will rst consider

Nous considrerons en premier

Secondly

Deuximement

Having introduced, I shall/will


discuss

Ayant introduit, je vais maintenant


discuter de

There is a second argument which


cannot be ignored, namely that

Il y a un deuxime argument qui ne


peut pas tre ignor, savoir que

Another way of looking at the question


is

Une autre faon de considrer la


question est de

Fiches mthodes

Ordonner ses ides

201

Lexique pour agencer les ides

After giving us a few facts, the author


analyses

Aprs nous avoir donn quelques


faits, lauteur analyse

Then

Puis

Next

Ensuite

Thirdly

Troisimement

Lastly

Finalement

Finally

Finalement

Eventually

Finalement

At last

Enn

In the end

la n

On the one hand, on the other


hand

Dun ct, dun autre ct

Of course, this implies that

Bien sr, cela implique que

Of course, this entails that

Bien sr, cela entrane que

As a result

En consquence

Consequently

En consquence

Thus

Donc

Therefore

Donc

Hence

Par consquent, Do

That is the reason why

Cest la raison pour laquelle

That is why

Cest pourquoi

This can be accounted for

Ceci peut tre expliqu par

It is precisely because

Cest prcisment parce que

This could explain why

Ceci pourrait expliquer pourquoi

Owing to

cause de

Due to

cause de

, which is why

, ce qui explique pourquoi

Ajouter des ides

202

Moreover

De plus

Furthermore

De plus

What is more

En plus

In addition to that

A cela il faut ajouter

Besides

En outre

As we have already mentioned

Comme nous lavons dj mentionn

As we have previously seen

Comme nous lavons vu prcdemment

This brings us to another side of the


question which is

Ceci nous amne un autre aspect de


la question qui est

Though of minor interest, the question


of deserves consideration.

Bien que dintrt moindre, la question de require notre attention.

The other side of the coin, however, is


that

Cependant, le revers de la mdaille est


que

On second thoughts

En y rchissant bien

On further examination

la rexion

Upon further consideration

Aprs plus ample rexion

There are one or two things I must


say

Il y a encore une ou deux remarques


faire

There are advantages to

Il y a des avantages

There are drawbacks to

Il y a des inconvnients

We should weigh the pros and cons.

Nous devrions peser le pour et le


contre.

As regards

En ce qui concerne

Concerning

En ce qui concerne

By the way

ce propos

Incidentally

ce propos

Now to come to

Maintenant pour en venir

To turn to

Pour en venir

Above all

Surtout

We may as well mention the fact that

Nous ferions tout aussi bien de


mentionner le fait que

We must also remember that

Nous devons aussi nous rappeler


que

Fiches mthodes

Lexique pour agencer les ides

203

Lexique pour agencer les ides

It should also be remembered that

On devrait aussi se rappeler que

It is well worth mentioning the fact


that

Le fait que vaut la peine dtre


mentionn.

As for

Quant

Given that

tant donn que

Another way of looking at the question


is

Une autre faon de considrer la


question est de

It may be asserted however that

Cependant, on peut armer que

There is also a seamy side to the


problem.

Il y a aussi un aspect ngatif ce


problme.

There is also a bright side to the


problem.

Il y a aussi un aspect positif ce


problme.

There is a second argument which


cannot be ignored, namely that

Il y a un deuxime argument qui ne


peut tre ignor, savoir que

The very opposite may well be true.

Le contraire mme peut tre vrai.

In fact it would be more accurate to say


that

En fait, il serait plus exact de dire


que

Not to speak of

Sans omettre

Not to mention

Sans oublier de mentionner

All the same

Tout de mme

In spite of/Despite

Malgr

The snag of this argument is that

Linconvnient de cet argument est


que

All this may well be true enough, but

Tout ceci a beau tre vrai, mais

It will be objected that

On objectera que

This brings us to the question of


whether

Ceci nous amne la question de


savoir si

The alternative is to

Lautre solution est de

It is now time to

Il faut en venir maintenant

Illustrer et expliquer

204

For instance

Par exemple

For example

Par exemple

Lexique pour agencer les ides

Let us take the example of

Prenons lexemple de

To give an example

Pour donner un exemple

To illustrate the truth of this

Pour illustrer ceci

such as

tel que

in particular

en particulier

, particularly

, particulirement

A striking example is

Un exemple frappant est

One example is enough to show that

Un exemple sut montrer que

To quote from

Pour citer

As the author remarked

Comme la remarqu lauteur

According to

Selon

, that is to say

, cest--dire

, that is

, cest--dire

, i.e.

, cest--dire

, namely

, savoir

, including

, dont

To expand and clarify

Pour dvelopper et clarier

In other words

En dautres termes

rather than

plutt que

Except for

lexception de

save for

sauf

Apart from

part

I will conne myself to

Je me contenterai de

Situer dans le temps


Aujourdhui

These days

De nos jours

Nowadays

De nos jours

So far

Jusqu prsent

Thus far

Jusqu prsent

Up to now

Jusqu prsent

Fiches mthodes

Today

205

Lexique pour agencer les ides

Over the past few years

Ces dernires annes

Meanwhile

Pendant ce temps

In the meanwhile

Pendant ce temps

In the meantime

Pendant ce temps

While

Pendant que

Little by little

Petit petit

For

Pendant/depuis

Since

Depuis

During

Durant

From now on

partir de maintenant

From then on

partir de ce moment-l

Sometimes

Parfois

Now and then

De temps en temps

Now and again

De temps autre

From time to time

Par moments

He said it again and again.

Il la dit et rpt.

He repeats it over and over again.

Il le rpte encore et encore.

It is the rst time that has mentioned


the fact that

Cest la premire fois que


mentionne le fait que

Comparer et contraster
It is the same as

206

Cest comme

as if

comme si

as though

comme si

Compared to

Compar

The former, the latter

Le premier, le second

identical to

identique

similar to

semblable

Similarly

De la mme faon

In the same way

De la mme faon

Likewise

De la mme faon

Lexique pour agencer les ides

It is swings and roundabouts.

Cest du pareil au mme.

By comparison

Par comparaison

When compared with

Compar

It does not bear comparison with

Cela ne supporte pas la comparaison


avec

In contrast with

Par contraste

To oppose to

Pour opposer

To draw the line between and

Pour faire la distinction entre et

To dierentiate from

Pour direncier de

To discriminate between and

Pour faire la dirence entre et

To discriminate from

Pour faire la dirence entre et

To distinguish from

Pour faire la distinction entre et

To make a distinction

Pour faire une distinction

Conversely

Inversement

Unlike

Contrairement

Contrary to

Contrairement

On the contrary

Au contraire

as well as

aussi bien que

whereas

alors que

Or else

Ou alors

Paradoxically enough

Assez paradoxalement

Paradoxical though it may seem

Cependant, de faon paradoxale, il


peut sembler que

What dierentiates from is

Ce qui direncie de, cest

Personally

Personnellement

I think that

Je pense que

I believe that

Je crois que

I personally believe that

Personnellement, je pense que

I feel that

Jai limpression que

Fiches mthodes

Donner son opinion

207

Lexique pour agencer les ides

208

In my opinion

mon avis

For my part

Pour ma part

In my view

mon avis

As for me

Quant moi

As far as I am concerned

En ce qui me concerne

From my point of view

De mon point de vue

It is my view that

Cest mon point de vue que

It seems to me that

Il me semble que

I am under the impression that

Jai limpression que

It is my impression that

Mon impression est que

We are given the impression that

On nous donne limpression que

The impression conveyed is one of

Limpression donne est une


impression de

There is no reason to suppose that

Il ny a pas de raison pour supposer


que

It is an exaggeration to say that

Il est exagr de dire que

I am not suggesting that

Je ne suggre pas que

I cant help thinking that

Je ne peux mempcher de penser


que

I am convinced that

Je suis convaincu que

I am well aware that

Jai bien conscience que

I would like to point out that

Jaimerais souligner que

I would like to stress the fact that

Jaimerais souligner le fait que

I have no strong views on the issue.

Je nai pas dopinion bien arrte sur


le sujet.

I am not in a position to say

Je ne suis pas bien plac pour dire

I dont have the slightest idea on

Je nai pas la moindre ide sur

It doesnt strike me as being objective.

Ceci ne me frappe pas par son


objectivit.

It would be wrong to say that

Il serait faux de dire que

It is true to say that

Il est vrai de dire que

Nothing could be more true than

Rien ne peut tre plus vrai que

I agree with

Je suis daccord avec

I side with the journalist on

Je suis de lavis du journaliste concernant

I see things eye to eye with him.

Je vois les choses exactement comme


lui.

What he/she says is all the more


convincing as/since

Ce quil/elle dit est dautant plus


convaincant que

I certainly go along with

Je suis tout fait daccord avec

I agree on that point, but the fact still


remains that

Je suis daccord sur ce point, mais il


nen demeure pas moins que

I disagree with

Je ne suis pas daccord avec

I am critical of

Jai certaines critiques lgard de

It is a questionable argument.

Cest un argument discutable.

This is beside the question.

Ceci est hors de propos.

I dont share the columnists opinion


on

Je ne partage pas lopinion du chroniqueur concernant

I cannot share this point of view.

Je ne peux pas partager ce point de


vue.

I do not see the problem in quite the


same light.

Je ne vois pas les choses de la mme


faon.

I dont see his/her point.

Je ne comprends pas o il/elle veut en


venir.

It is wrong to say that

Il est faux de dire que

By no means

En aucun cas

The journalist seems to miss the point.

Le journaliste semble tre ct du


sujet.

The argument is relevant/irrelevant.

Largument est pertinent/nest pas


pertinent.

I nd the argument misleading.

Je trouve largument trompeur.

The authors fear is groundless.

La crainte de lauteur est infonde.

The authors fear is unfounded.

La crainte de lauteur est infonde.

The authors view is one-sided.

Lauteur ne considre quune facette


du problme.

Fiches mthodes

Lexique pour agencer les ides

209

Lexique pour agencer les ides

The reasoning seems far-fetched.

Le raisonnement semble tir par les


cheveux.

This is ludicrous.

Cest ridicule.

This is nonsense.

Cest absurde.

And indeed

De fait

The author lets himself/herself be carried Lauteur se laisse emporter par ses
away by his feelings.
sentiments.
The journalists arguments are worthless. Les arguments du journaliste sont
sans valeur.
The columnist says very little of

Le chroniqueur parle peu de

The author hardly mentions

Lauteur mentionne peine

Very little is said about

On parle trs peu de

Most of the facts are accurate/inaccurate. La plupart des faits sont exacts/
inexacts.
Let us consider

210

Considrons

We may notice

Nous pouvons remarquer

It may be noticed

On peut remarquer

It is noticeable that

On peut remarquer que

What is quite certain is that

Ce qui est certain, cest que

It is obvious to everyone that

Il est vident pour tous que

It goes without saying that

Il va sans dire que

Undoubtedly

Sans aucun doute

We must take into account that

Nous devons prendre en compte


que

There can be no doubt that

On ne peut douter du fait que

It should be pointed out that

On doit souligner que

It must be recognized that

On doit reconnatre que

It must be admitted that

On est forc dadmettre que

One should not forget that

On ne doit pas oublier que

One should bear in mind that

On doit garder lesprit que

There is no denying that

On ne peut pas nier que

The facts speak for themselves.

Les faits parlent deux-mmes.

It should be stressed that

On devrait insister sur le fait que

One has to emphasize the fact that

On doit souligner le fait que

We should not ignore the wide array of


dierent interests

On ne devrait pas ignorer la grande


diversit des dirents intrts

What strikes me as remarkable about


is that

Ce qui me frappe comme une chose


remarquable propos de, cest
que

What I nd remarkable about is


that

Ce que je trouve remarquable dans,


cest que

Even if the subject is beyond the scope of


this article

Mme si le sujet dpasse cet article

The question is not whether

La question nest pas de savoir si

This makes us fully aware of

Ceci nous fait prendre conscience


de

We are made aware to realize that

On nous fait prendre conscience et


nous rendre compte que

Far from avoiding stereotypes

Loin dviter les strotypes

However consistent the article is

Quelque soit la cohrence de


larticle

This statement needs qualifying.

Cette dclaration demande tre


nuance.

Strictly speaking

proprement parler

To some degree

Dans une certaine mesure

To some extent

Dans une certaine mesure

Up to a certain point

Jusqu un certain point

In a sense

Dans un sens

Actually

vrai dire

This may be true but

Ceci est peut-tre vrai, mais

Of course but

Bien sr, mais

This is all very well, but

Tout ceci est trs bien, mais

As it were

En quelque sorte

This is quite far from the truth.

Ceci est trs loin de la vrit.

The author distorts the truth.

Lauteur dforme la vrit.

Fiches mthodes

Lexique pour agencer les ides

211

Lexique pour agencer les ides

The author avoids the issue.

Lauteur vite la question.

The author evades the issue.

Lauteur vite la question.

That is an extreme position.

Cest une position exagre.

This is a hasty generalization.

Ceci est une gnralisation htive.

This is an oversimplied view of the


problem.

Ceci est une vue simplie lextrme


du problme.

The author provides no evidence for


what he/she says.

Lauteur navance pas de preuves pour


tayer ses dires.

We cannot fail to see other aspects of the


problem.

Nous ne pouvons pas passer sous


silence dautres aspects du problme.

We cant but have reservations about

Nous ne pouvons qumettre des


rserves propos de

It remains to be proved that

Il reste prouver que

One could argue of course that

Bien sr, on pourrait argumenter


que

It is hard to believe that

Il est dicile de croire que

Under the pretext of exposing

Sous prtexte de montrer

Opinions are divided on that question.

Les opinions sont partages ce sujet.

We should consider two ways of tackling On devrait considrer deux faons de


the issue.
traiter le sujet.
It deserves neither to be systematically
disparaged nor to be praised to the skies.

Cela ne mrite pas dtre systmatiquement dnigr ni port aux nues.

Can we go as far as to say that ?

Pouvons nous aller jusqu dire


que ?

We may go as far as saying that

On peut aller jusqu dire que

To what extent can it be said that ?

Dans quelle mesure peut-on dire


que ?

Conclure
To sum up

212

Pour rsumer

In short

Bref

In brief

En deux mots

Ultimately then

En dnitive

Lexique pour agencer les ides

To recap

Pour rcapituler

All in all

Tout bien pes

In a word

En un mot

In other words

En dautres termes

To put it in a nutshell

Pour rsumer

In conclusion

En conclusion

To conclude

Pour conclure

We can conclude that

Nous pouvons conclure que

It may be concluded that

On peut conclure que

This leads us to conclude that

Ceci nous mne la conclusion que

All things considered

Tout bien considr

All this goes to show that

Tout ceci prouve que

For all these reasons

Pour toutes ces raisons

Last but not least

Enn et cest un point trs


important

There is not much to be added apart


from the fact that

Il ny a pas grand-chose ajouter si ce


nest le fait que

It must be acknowledged that

On doit reconnatre que

On the whole

En dnitive

All this goes to prove that

Tout ceci tend prouver que

Everything points out to the fact that

Tout indique que

Such ideas, which are those put forward


by the columnist, are quite

De telles ides, qui sont celles


avances par le chroniqueur, sont
tout fait
Fiches mthodes

All we have said tends to demonstrate Tout ce que nous avons dit tend
dmontrer que

213

Inuential scientists
Stephen William Hawking
A British theoretical physicist, he was born on January 8, 1942 in Oxford,
England. When he was eight, his family moved to St. Albans. In 1959 he
started studying at University College, Oxford, from which he graduated
with rst class honours in physics in 1962. He then moved to Cambridge
to take up research in general relativity and cosmology. After completing
his doctorate in 1966, Hawking was awarded a fellowship at Gonville
and Caius College, Cambridge. He became Professor of Gravitational
Physics in 1977. Two years later, he was appointed Lucasian Professor of
Mathematics. He retired on October 1, 2009, yet he will go on working at
the University of Cambridge as Director of Research at DAMTP. Hawking
has a neuro muscular dystrophy and is almost completely paralysed.
Stephen Hawking has worked on the basic laws which govern the universe. His
work has inuenced the development of the Big Bang and black hole theories.

Sir Isaac Newton


An English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, alchemist, and natural
philosopher, he was born on 4 January 1643 and died on 31 March
1727. From 1661 to 1665, he studied mathematics, optics, physics and
astronomy at Cambridge University. In 1667, he became a Fellow of
Trinity College before being appointed Lucasian Professor of Mathematics
at Caius College. Five years later, he became a Fellow of the Royal Society,
which he would preside as of 1703. He was appointed MP for Cambridge
University in 1689, warden of the Royal Mint in 1696, and was knighted
in 1705. He is buried in Westminster Abbey. Newton is considered one of
the greatest scientists and mathematicians of all time.
He invented calculus, formulated the laws of gravitation, made important discoveries in the eld of optics and investigated the eld of motion.
Newton also improved the design of the refracting telescope by using
an objective mirror instead of a lens, which is now called a Newtonian
telescope.

214

Influential scientists

Albert Einstein
A theoretical physicist, he was born at Ulm, in Wrttemberg, Germany, on
March 14th, 1879 and died on April 18th, 1955 in Princeton, USA. Right
after his birth, the family moved to Munich, then to Pavia, Italy, and Aarau,
Switzerland. He entered the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich in
1896 to become a mathematics and physics teacher. In 1900 he received
his teaching diploma and started work on his doctoral thesis. A year later
he acquired Swiss citizenship and accepted a position as a teacher. In 1905
he published the Special Theory of Relativity and the following year he
obtained his PhD from the University of Zurich.
In 1909 he became Professor Extraordinary at Zurich, in 1911 Professor
of Theoretical Physics in Prague, and in 1912 he got the same position in
Zurich. In 1914 he was appointed Director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Physical
Institute and Professor in the University of Berlin. That year he became a
German citizen and remained in Berlin until 1933, when he was led to
renounce his citizenship for political reasons his family was Jewish.
After emigrating to America, he was appointed Professor of Theoretical
Physics at Princeton. He retired in 1945, only ve years after he became a
U.S. citizen.
Einstein is regarded as the greatest scientist of the 20th century. Apart from
the theory of relativity, he also contributed to the development of quantum
mechanics, statistical mechanics and cosmology. In 1921 he was awarded
the Nobel Prize for Physics.

Robert Sanderson Mulliken

Fiches mthodes

An American physicist and chemist, he was born on June 7th, 1896 in


Newburyport, Massachusetts, and died on October 31st, 1986. He
graduated in 1913 and succeeded in getting a scholarship to study at the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He majored in chemistry
in 1917. During World War I and for a few years afterward, he worked
in government chemical research. He got his doctorate at the University
of Chicago in 1921 and began to work on his theory of molecular structure in the 1920s. He taught at New York University in 1926 and then
joined the faculty of the University of Chicago two years later. There, he
worked on the Plutonium Project, which was part of the development
of the atomic bomb during the Second World War. In 1955 he served as
scientic advisor at the U.S. Embassy in London.

215

Influential scientists

In 1952, he developed quantum-mechanical questions underlying


molecular-orbital theory and the use of interatomic overlap integrals as
measures of bond energies. He received the Nobel Prize for chemistry in
1966.

John Forbes Nash, Jr


An American mathematician, he was born on June 13th, 1928 in Blueeld,
West Virginia. In 1948, he received both his bachelors and masters degrees
in mathematics from the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh.
In 1950 he got his doctorate at Princeton University. The following year
he joined the faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, but he
had to resign in the late 1950s after bouts of schizophrenia. A lm version
of Nashs life, "A Beautiful Mind" released in 2001, won four Academy
Awards. It portrays Nashs long struggle with the disease.
Nash established the mathematical principles of game theory and in 1994,
he was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize for Economics.

Linus Carl Pauling


An American chemist, peace activist, author, and educator, he was born in
Portland, Oregon, on 28 February 1901 and died on 19 August 1994. He
went to the public elementary and high schools in Condon Portland and
in 1917 entered the Oregon State College, from which he got his B.Sc.
degree in chemical engineering in 1922. During the years 1919-1920 he
served as a full-time teacher of quantitative analysis in the State College,
then he was appointed a Teaching Fellow in Chemistry in the California
Institute of Technology, where he taught and carried out his research for
the next 33 years. He got his Ph.D. in chemistry with minors in physics
and mathematics in 1925. In 1954, Pauling was awarded the Nobel Prize
in Chemistry and in 1962 the Nobel Peace Prize for his campaign against
above ground nuclear testing.
Pauling rst made his mark in the world of chemistry with his use of
X-rays to examine the molecular structure of crystals. This work led him to
a more thorough investigation of the nature of the chemical bond.

James Dewey Watson


An American molecular biologist, he was born on April 6th, 1928, in Chicago,
Illinois. He enrolled at the University of Chicago at only 15 and graduated in
216

Influential scientists

1947. He then received a PhD at Indiana University in 1950 and went to work
at Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge, in England, where he met Francis
Crick. In 1956, Watson became a junior member of Harvard University's
Biological Laboratories, which he would leave in 1976. In 1962 Watson,
Crick, and Maurice Wilkins were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or
Medicine. From 1968 he served as director of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
(CSHL) on Long Island, New York. Between 1988 and 1992, Watson was
associated with the National Institutes of Health, helping to establish the
Human Genome Project. In 1994, he became the president of CSHL for ten
years, and then served as its chancellor until 2007, when he resigned.
He is known as one of the two co-discoverers with Francis Crick of
the structure of DNA in 1953.

Francis Harry Compton Crick


A British molecular biologist, physicist, and neuroscientist, he was born
on June 8th, 1916 near Northampton and died in California on July 28th,
2004. Crick was educated at Northampton Grammar School and Mill Hill
School, London. He got a B.Sc. degree in physics at University College of
London in 1937. The outbreak of the war in 1939 interrupted his studies.
During the war he worked as a scientist for the British Admiralty, which
he left in 1947 to study biology. He went to Cambridge and in 1954,
obtained a PhD from Caius College.
His friendship with J.D. Watson inuenced his career and in 1953 they came
up with the double-helical structure for DNA. Among many other honours,
they were awarded the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

Fiches mthodes

Source websites
http://www.britannica.com
http://en.wikipedia.org
http://nobelprize.org
http://www.who2.com

217

A brief history of the National


Health Service in the U.K.
The National Health Service (NHS) oers health services to all permanent
residents of the United Kingdom and is funded through general taxation.
Each of the four countries that constitute the U.K. has a specic NHS, yet
they cooperate with each other.
At rst the majority of doctors did not believe in the NHS as they feared
they would lose patients and money as well as their professional freedom,
but almost all eventually joined it. Its popularity was such that the
governments annual budget was never sucient to pay for all medical
treatments, notably glasses and dental surgery.
Some key dates :
1948 : NHS created under Clement Atlees Labour government. Thereafter
free medical treatment is oered to everyone.
1951 : Charge introduced for some dental surgery and prescriptions for
medicine, except for the young, the elderly, low income or disabled
patients.
2009 : NHS Constitution adopted by the Department of Health. It states
its organization, duties and objectives : "A range of organizations
provide NHS services direct to patients, including hospital trusts,
mental health trusts, ambulance trusts, GP practices, dental
practices, community pharmacies, optical practices, and NHS
Direct." Emergency services are provided by public hospitals only.
Today the NHS oers services free of charge. In 2009 the NHS in England
spent around 100 billion a year nearly 2,000 per person on average.
On the other hand, hospitals employ salaried employees under nationally
agreed contracts. General practitioners, who work in independent practices,
oer primary care and are paid a nationally determined fee.
Private health services are run in parallel to the services regulated by the
NHS. They are mainly paid by private insurance. Patients may also go
abroad to get special treatments that will be paid by the NHS.
British Department of Health : http://www.dh.gov.uk
Quotes from the NHS Constitution : http://www.nhs.uk
218

A brief history of the health care


system in the USA

Fiches mthodes

The American health care system is undergoing a major reform under


the Obama Administration in 2009-2010. To understand why it is being
so much criticized, we will rst consider the system as it is today, before
presenting the proposed reform, which still has to be voted by Congress.
The Americans do not benet from a universal health care system although
the state does fund some specic health care organisms that cover part
of the population : the elderly, the poor, veterans and the military. Yet
President Obama declared in September 2009 : "In just a two-year period,
one in every three Americans goes without health care coverage at some
point. And every day, 14,000 Americans lose their coverage."
A little more than half the population receives health insurance through
their employers, yet this number is on the decline whereas the medical
costs have increased sharply. Others cannot count on their jobs or are selfemployed and in that case, it is very dicult for them to aord individual
coverage because it is almost three times as much as the coverage from an
employer, hence the importance in the choice of a job. Moreover insurance
companies refuse to cover many citizens because of previous illnesses or
specic risks.
Some key dates :
1787 : The U.S. Constitution states that "The Congress shall have Power to
lay and collect Taxes, [] and provide for the [] general Welfare
of the United States" (Article 1 Section 8).
1935 : Social Security Act (part of Roosevelts New Deal) oers old-age
assistance, aid to dependent children and to mothers to be.
1953 : Creation of the Department of Health Education and Welfare
(HEW), replaced by The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) in 1980.
1965 : Medicare created for the elderly (65 and older), regardless of income
or retirement. Prescription drugs are not reimbursed. Medicaid
started and funded by state and federal governments for low-income people, regardless of age, employment or citizenship.
1977 : Creation of the Health Care Financing Administration to manage
Medicare and Medicaid separately from the Social Security Administration.
219

A brief history of the health care system in the USA

1988 : The McKinney Act provides health care to the homeless.


1997 : State Childrens Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) enables states to
extend health coverage to children of low-income families.
2001 : Center for Medicare & Medicaid created, replacing the Health
Care Financing Administration.
2003 : Medicare Prescription Drug Improvement, and Modernization Act
expands the coverage, including a prescription drug benet.
2009 : Obama reform launched in September.
The objectives of President Obamas 2009 reform originally were as follows :
bringing down costs, expanding coverage, and improving the quality of the
health care system. "More security and more stability" are the key words.
Basic health insurance will be compulsory for all individuals. In brief :
Nothing was to change for those who already benet from Medicare or
Medicaid. However with this plan, insurance companies would not be
able to deny or reduce coverage to anyone. Those companies would also
have to cover "routine check-ups and preventive care." The government
would set a limit to the medical costs paid by the citizens.
For the Americans who are uninsured, the government would create
"a new insurance exchange, a marketplace where individuals and small
businesses would be able to shop for health insurance at competitive
prices. [] This is how large companies and government employees get
aordable insurance." Competition would make the prices go down,
especially because the government would create a "not-for-prot public
option."
Those who would still not be able to aord health insurance would
get government help through tax credits in order to benet from the
exchange, which would only come into eect in four years. In the
meantime the government would "immediately oer low-cost coverage
that would protect [them] against nancial ruin if [they] became
seriously ill."
Illegal immigrants will not benet from any of those measures.
Although the Senate voted the reform, the Republicans mostly rejected
it in the House of Representatives at the end of 2009. Congress should
vote the bill into law by Easter 2010, yet with a number of amendments
if everything goes well.

220

A brief history of the health care system in the USA

The Patient Protection and Affordable


Care Act
December 24, 2009 : It passed the Senate 60-39.
March 21, 2010 : It then passed the House of Representatives 219-212.
March 23, 2010 : The Bill was signed into law by President Barack Obama.

The Health Care and Education


Reconciliation Act of 2010
March 17, 2010 : The act was introduced in the House of
Representatives.
March 21, 2010 : It passed the House 220-211.
March 23, 2010 : The Patient Protection and Aordable Care Act was
signed into law by President Obama.
March 25, 2010 : It then passed the Senate with amendment 56-43,
which was then agreed to by the House 220-207.
March 30, 2010 : The Act was nally signed into law by President
Barack Obama.
Both acts compose the basis of Obamas reform of the U.S. health care
system. The vote has given a new dynamic to Obamas presidency.

Fiches mthodes

The Department of Health and Human Services :


http://www.hhs.gov
Social Security Online : http://www.ssa.gov/history/
Quotes from Obamas speech to Congress on September 9th, 2009 :
http://www.healthreform.gov

221

A brief history of ecology


in Britain
In 1998 British Prime Minister Tony Blair ratied the Kyoto Protocol,
which was initially adopted in Kyoto, Japan, in 1997. The Protocol was
enforced starting in 2005.
The Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) is a new
government department which brings together the work of the
Climate Change Group, previously housed within the Department for
Environment, Food and Rural Aairs (Defra), with the Energy Group
from the Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform
(BERR).
http://www.decc.gov.uk
The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Aairs (Defra) is the
government department responsible for government policy and advice on
environmental, agricultural and rural issues.
http://www.defra.gov.uk
Natural England is a non-departmental public body responsible for
ensuring that England's natural environment, including its land, ora
and fauna, freshwater and marine environments, geology and soils, are
protected and improved. It also has a responsibility to help people enjoy,
understand and access the natural environment. It brings together English
Nature, the Countryside Agency and the Rural Development Service.
http://www.naturalengland.org.uk

222

A brief history of ecology


in the USA
In 1998, Vice-President Al Gore symbolically signed the Kyoto Protocol,
but it was never ratied. However over the years, some measures have
been taken to preserve the environment, notably in certain states such as
California. The new president has however announced his desire to have
the nation participate in world environmental eorts.
In October 2009, Barack Obama indeed initiated the GreenGov Challenge as part of the Department of the Interior, which is the principal
conservation agency in the US. In doing so, the president intends to make
the federal government an example of sustainability by building a clean
energy program that will help the U.S. meet the 2020 greenhouse gas
emissions reduction target.
In 2009, a new Energy Frontier was launched by the Department of
the Interior to prot from the renewable-energy potential of Americas
public lands, which oer solar, wind, geothermal, biomass, bioenergy, and
hydropower, whereas wind energy, ocean-wave energy and ocean-current
energy will be produced o-shore.
In December 2009, President Obama went to Copenhagen Summit on
Climate Change to show his desire to participate in the world eort to
preserve the earth. However the outcome was not as constructive as the
Kyoto Protocol, the only positive point being the participation of the
USA, China and India, which are among the most polluting countries in
the world.

Fiches mthodes

U.S. Department of the Interior : http://www.doi.gov

223

A brief history of space in Britain


The British National Space Centre (BNSC) was created in 1985 as part of
the Ministry of Science and Innovation at the Department for Business,
Innovation and Skills (BIS). Its aims are to coordinate the UK civil space
activity, to support academic research, to nurture the UK space industry,
and to increase the understanding of space and its practical benets.
Today space programmes contribute about 5.8 billion to the UK
economy, employing more than 18,000 skilled workers. They are shaped
by the "UK Civil Space Strategy 2008-2012 and Beyond" whose objectives are to increase and promote the role of Britain in the global market in
space and in the technological innovations that follow.
The Harwell Science and Innovation Campus in Oxfordshire is a
joint venture between one of BNSCs key partners, STFC (Science &
Technology Facilities Council), the Atomic Energy Authority and international property developer Goodman. Since July 2009, it has housed
scientists of the European Space Agency (ESA), which makes the campus
a new hub of the UKs space programme.
British National Space Centre (BNSC) : http://www.bnsc.gov.uk

224

A brief history of space


in the USA

Fiches mthodes

In 1958 President Eisenhower created the National Aeronautics and Space


Administration (NASA), whose mission is to pioneer the future in space
exploration, scientic discovery and aeronautics research. In the early
1960s, President Kennedy then launched the New Frontier : space, hence
the mission to the Moon, which was completed on July 20, 1969, when
Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin set foot on the Moon.
Meanwhile NASA has developed research in space technology and its
applications on the Earth, notably weather and communications satellites.
Its space shuttle, which has had 120 successful ights, was rst launched
in 1981. Since 2000, NASA has contributed to the creation of the International Space Station (ISS) along with 15 other countries.
Furthermore it has developed exploration rovers such as Spirit and
Opportunity, which have been studying Mars since 2004, while Cassini
has been in orbit around Saturn and the Hubble Space Telescope has been
exploring the cosmos. The data sent by its satellites helps understand the
evolution of the Earth, especially in terms of climate and oceans.
At the same time, its aeronautics team has played an important part in
improving aircraft travel, making it safer and more environmentallyfriendly. In the years to come, NASAs objective is to send humans not
only beyond Earth's orbit, but where no one has ever been. Yet through
its Global Climate Change Education initiative, it is also concentrating
on Americans understanding of space and its use in curbing the Earths
climate change.
Last but not least, the U.S. Department of State includes the Oce of
Space and Advanced Technology (OES/SAT), which deals with space
policy issues at the international level, such as minimizing the generation
of orbital debris or encouraging foreign countries to accept the U.S. Global Positioning System (GPS) as a global standard for navigation based on
satellites.
NASA : http://www.nasa.gov
OES/SAT : http://www.state.gov/g/oes/sat/

225

A brief history
of computer science
Contrary to what many people think, computer science does not deal with
information technology or video games, but should rather be described
as the study of the mathematical foundations of information and computation, and of techniques that permit to implement and apply them in
computer systems.
Modern computer science was developed in the 20th century, although
mathematical theories and the invention of certain devices had already
set the basis of computer engineering. Before the 1920s, human clerks,
especially women with a degree in calculus, were called "computers"
because they performed computations. After that decade, a "computing
machine" performed part of the work of a human computer.
Alan Turing (1912-1954), an English mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst,
and computer scientist, is considered the father of computer science. In
1936, he described the Turing Machine, which later inspired the modern
computer. He went on designing software in the 1940s and his Turing Test
(1950) was extremely important in the debate over articial intelligence.
Some key dates (among many others) :
1924 : IBM is founded.
1936 : The Turing Machine is described.
1937 : George Stibitz creates his Model K, the rst device using binary
form to calculate.
1941 : Turing, Newman and Flowers complete Colossus, the rst allelectronic calculating machine.
1947 : Hewlett Packard is founded.
1950 : Turings ACE computer is completed. Several other computers are
developed by other engineers.
1953 : IBM 650 is the rst computer to be mass-produced.
1958 : The modem is invented at Bell Labs.
1959 : The second generation of computers starts with transistors instead
of tubes.
1962 : The worlds most powerful computer, the Atlas, is launched in
Britain.
226

A brief history of computer science

1967 : The oppy disk is developed by IBM.


1968 : The system of keyboard, keypad, mouse, and windows is presented
by Douglas Engelbart.
1969 : ARPA-Net, the ancestor of the Internet, is created by the
U.S. Department of Defense. Memory chips gain in capacity.
1975 : The Altair 8800, the rst personal computer designed by Ed
Roberts, is a huge success and costs only $397. The rst PC is sold
in kit form.
1976 : Apple Computer is started by Steven Jobs and Stephen Wozniac.
1977 : Microsoft is founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen.
1980 : Microsoft develops MS-DOS for IBM.
1983 : The rst "laptop" computer is created.
1984 : Macintosh is launched by Apple and the CD-ROM by Sony and
Phillips.
1985 : Windows is released by Microsoft.
1989 : Word for Windows is introduced by Microsoft.
1991 : The JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) format and
QuickTime, a video compression format developed by Apple, are
launched.
1992 : Linux, a free PC operating system, is launched.
1993 : The Pentium chip is announced by Intel.
1995 : Toy Story, the rst computer-generated lm, is released.
1996 : The DVD is created.
1998 : The iMac is developed by Apple.
2000 : The Millennium Bug frightens the world.
2007 : Windows Vista is launched by Microsoft.

Fiches mthodes

http://en.wikipedia.org
www.britannica.com
http://www.warbaby.com

227

A brief history of genetics


William Bateson (1861-1926), who coined the term "genetics" in 1905
and played a major role in the development of early genetics in Britain,
founded the John Innes Centre in Norwich, UK, in 1909. The Centre has
contributed to the modern sciences of crop genetics, bacterial genetics and
Arabidopsis research.
Some key dates :
1866 : Mendels "Experiments in Plant Hybridisation" published,
establishing the basic laws of inheritance.
1869 : Miescher extracts what comes to be known as DNA from the nuclei
of white blood cells.
1902 : Boveri and Sutton propose that chromosomes bear hereditary factors.
1904 : Bateson describes gene linkage and shows that several genes may be
required for a specic characteristic.
1909 : Johannsen determines basic genetic terms.
1913 : Sturtevant creates the rst gene map.
1927 : Muller shows X-rays can produce mutations.
1934 : Bernal uses X-ray crystallography to illuminate the structure of
proteins.
1941 : Beadle and Tatum demonstrate how genes direct the synthesis of
enzymes that control metabolic processes.
1943 : Delbrck and Luria start studying bacterial genetics.
1957 : Crick sets out the agenda for molecular biology.
1961 : Nirenberg cracks the genetic code.
1977 : Gilbert and Sanger devise techniques for sequencing DNA.
1986 : The eort to sequence the human genome is launched.
1990s : The genome of a growing number of organisms is sequenced.
2000 : The human genome is sequenced and assembled.
2000s : Many discoveries related to cancer genomics.
Poultry, canine, and bovine genomes sequenced, among other animals.
http://www.genomenewsnetwork.org
http://www.genome.gov
228