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EXPONENTIAL FUNCTIONS UNIT TEST


Name: _____________________________

Date: __________________________________

COMMUNICATION CHECKLIST:

I have included units in any final answer that require them


I have shown all necessary steps to my solutions
My goal for this test is
__________________________________________________

SECTION A

KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING

Circle the letter of the answer you believe to be correct. [12]


1. What is the y-intercept of exponential functions of the form y=b
a. (0,0)

b. (0,1)

c. (1,0)

d. (1,1)

2. The parent graph of an exponential function approaches but never touches the
a. x-axis
b. y-axis
c. vertical asymptote
d. neither
2

16 3 is

3. The radical form of


16
2
a. ( 3 )

2
3
b. ( 16 )

3
2
c. ( 16 )

16
3
d. ( 2 )

4. What is the definition of an asymptote


a. A curve that approaches a line but never touches it
b. A function that never touches the x-axis
c. An invisible vertical line on a graph
d. None of the above
5. What is the equation of the asymptote for the function

a.

y=3

b. y=3

c. x=3

6. Which function describes exponential decay?


x
a. f ( x )=6 ( 1.01 )
x

b.

f ( x )=3.4 ( 40 )

c.

f ( x )=25 ( 0.8 ) x

f ( x )=0.5 ( 4 x ) +3

d.

y=4

d.

f ( x )=8 ( 17 ) 4

7. State the range of


a.

f ( x )=3 x 4

{ y R y > 0 } b. { y R y 4 } c. { y R y >4 }

d.

{ y R y > 4 }
8. Simplify the following power

a.

104

10
103

4
b. 10

3
c. 10

d.

10

9. Evaluate the following power

a.

1
625

x 13

()

b. 625

10. Simplify the following power

a.

1
5

4
d. 25

c. 125

[(x)6 ]

13
b. x

13
c. x

d.

x13

11. Simplify the following power

42
1

42
1
4

b. 4 2

a. 4

c.

d.

3 4
12. Express the following as a rational exponent
a.

17

8
3

b. 17

3
8

( 8 17 )

c. 17

3
8

d. 8

17
3

13. Where possible, simplify the powers using your knowledge of exponent laws and
polynomials. Ensure all final answers have positive exponents. [10]

a.
j 5 j 3

3
b. ( 2 a )

c.

( x3 ) ( 3 x 7 )
3 x4

3
3 2
2
2
2
d. ( a b c ) ( 2 ab ) (ab) (3 a b c)

9. Evaluate the following powers. Do not convert fractions to decimals. [7]

a.

( 32) +

91
62

( )

+100

4
b. ( 256 )

SECTION B

c.

8 3 8

1
3

APPLICATION

14. Complete the chart below with respect to exponential growth and exponential
decay. Do not round [7]
Function

f ( x)=200

1
4

Initial
Value

Growth or
Decay?

Growth /
Decay Rate
(in) percent

12.7

Decay

1.8%

()

P ( n )=3(1.29)13

15. Using a table of values, if needed, sketch the parent graph

y=2 x

[4]

x
-3

-2
-1
0
1
2
3

16. A house that costs $200,000 will appreciate in value (increase) by 3% each year.
How many years will it take for the value of the house to double? Express your
using two decimal places. [3]

17. The population of a small town has increased at a rate of 1.5% per year since
1980. The town had a population of 1650 that year. [4]
A Write the equation that models this growth using P(n) as the population
and n

as the number of years since 1980. [2]

Use your equation to determine the population of the town in 2012. Round
your answer to a whole person. [2]

18. Your laptop loses its value each month after it is purchased. Its value as a
m
function of time, in months, is modeled by V ( m) =1700(0.94) . [5]
A) How much did you pay for your computer? [1]

B) What is the rate it is depreciating at (in percent)? [1]

C) Determine the value of the computer after

SECTION C

1
2

years. [1]

THINKING, INQUIRY, PROBLEM SOLVING

( ) 1
19. Compare and contrast the functions f x = 2

()

and g ( x ) =2

. [2]

20. Give an equation of an exponential function with an asymptote of y=8 . [2]

21. State the transformations made from the parent function

f ( x )=2 x

to the new

x6
function f ( x )=3 + 9 (Remember previous transformations to help you). [2]