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WorldWarI:PBS.org

WORLDWARI:PBSWebquest
PartI

ImmediateCauseofWorldWarI
Militarism,Alliances,ImperialismandNationalismwereallunderlyingcausesforWorldWarIto
beginbutonespecificincidentbroughtthosemanycausestoaclimax.
ClickonthelinkbelowtoREADabouttheimmediatecauseofthewar.
http://www.pbs.org/greatwar/chapters/ch1_explosion.html
1. HowdidthedeathofArchdukeFranzFerdinandinstigate(urgeon)thecollapseofpeacein
Europe?

GermanywouldhaveParisforlunch,St.Petersburgfordinner.~KaiserWilhelmII
TheassumptionthattheEuropeanwarwouldendquicklywasfarfromcorrect.
ClickonthelinkbelowtowatchtheanimationoftheOutbreakofWarinEurope.
http://www.pbs.org/greatwar/maps/maps_outbreak.html(Playtheanimationonthemap)
2. HowdidtheSchlieffenPlansupportKaiserWilhelmsgoalsinthequoteabove?

LifeintheTrenches
AftertheinitialinvasionofFrancebytheGermans,theAlliedtroopspushedtheGermantroops
backtoastalemateposition.Neithersidewouldbackdown;sotheydugin.
Clickonthelinkbelowtoviewthechapter1Trenchwarfare.(trytowatchthevideosif
available)
http://www.pbs.org/greatwar/chapters/ch1_trench.html
3. InthesectionOrganizationofTrenches,whatwerethefourtypesoftrenchesusedbythe
Allies?

4. EnlargethepictureDiagramoftrenchsystemWhydoyouthinkthetrencheswereformedin
azigzagtypepattern?

5. Describenomansland.

TotalWar
By1915,thewarhadbecomeaglobalwar.Clickonthelinkbelowandreadabouthowthewar
hadbecomeglobal.
http://www.pbs.org/greatwar/chapters/ch2_war.html
6. Name3waysthatthewarhadbecomeaglobalwarasopposedtosimplyagroundwar
foughtinEurope.

Slaughter
ThebattlesontheWesternfrontareknownfortheirhugenumberoflossessustainedbythe
Alliedtroops.Clickonthelinkbelowtoreadaboutthebattles.
http://www.pbs.org/greatwar/chapters/ch2_slaughter.html
7. HowmanysoldierswerelostattheBattleofSomme,Verdun&Ypres?

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WorldWarI:PBS.org

WORLDWARI:PBSWebquest
PartII
Mutiny
In1917,afteryearsofcombat,trenchwarfareandthedisruptionofdailylivesinEuropeannations,
manycountrieswantedtocontinuefightingtovictory.However,astimepassedandthenations
rejectedallpeaceinitiatives,peopleonbothsidesbegantoquestionthemanslaughterand
violence.
Clickonthelinkbelowtoreadaboutthedisillusionmentanddisobedienceofsoldiersonthefront
lines.
http://www.pbs.org/greatwar/chapters/ch3_mutiny.html
8. Howdidmutinies(orrebellions)affecttheFrenchandRussianarmy?

ReadthesectionlabeledTheEndofHeroismontherightsideoftheMutinypage.
9. Explainhowthesoldierslivinginthetrencheslivedwiththedead.

Collapse
DespitethesinkingoftheLusitaniainMay1915,PresidentWoodrowWilsonwasabletonegotiate
tradewithbelligerentsofthewarwithoutprovokingGermany.
ClickonthelinkbelowtoreadabouthowAmericagotinvolvedinWorldWarI.
http://www.pbs.org/greatwar/historian/hist_kennedy_01_wilson.html
10. WhatledtotheAmericaninvolvementintheGreatWar?

By1918,5millionAmericansoldierswereinuniformandhelpingtheAlliedforcesendtheGreat
War.
Clickonthelinktoreadabouthowthewarended
http://www.pbs.org/greatwar/chapters/ch3_collapse.html
11. DescribewhateventsledtothecollapseoftheGermanarmy/navyandtheirwareffort.How
didtheKaisersabdication(givingup)ofthethroneaffectthewareffort?

Hatred&Hunger
Onthe11thdayofthe11thmonth,theAlliesandCentralPowersagreedtoanarmisticeorcease
fire.Peopleallovertheglobeexperiencedfeelingsofnationalism,selfdeterminationandthe
opportunitiesofdemocracybutmanyknewthepeacewasnotlikelytolast.
ClicktoreadaboutthepeaceagreementandtreatmentofGermanyfollowingthearmistice.
http://www.pbs.org/greatwar/chapters/ch4_hatred.html
12. Thoughthearmisticewasineffect,howdidtheAlliesstillwagewaronGermany?

13. WhenWoodrowWilsonarrivedinParisin1918,whatwastheonethinghewantedfromthe
peacenegotiations?

LookatthephotographaboveHatred&Hunger
14. WhoweretheBigFouratthepeaceconference?

WarWithoutEnd
Oncethewarended,manymilitarymenwereveryattachedtotheirexperiencesofwar.Theyhad
experiencedcamaraderielikeneverbefore.
Clickonthelinkbelowtoreadabouthowpeoplewereaffectedbythewar.
http://www.pbs.org/greatwar/chapters/ch4_war.html
15. HowdidGermansfeeldifferentlythanotherEuropeansaboutthewar?

LookatthemapofEurope19181920.
16. HowmanynewcountrieswerecreatedbytheTreatyofVersailles?Comparethismaptothe
mapofEuropein1914.http://www.pbs.org/greatwar/maps/index.html