Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 4

IdentifyChecksandBalances

Legislative

Congresscanmake
laws
Canoverrideaveto
witha2/3voteofboth
chambers
Canremovepresident
orjudgesthrough
impeachment
Senatecanapprove
orrejectappointment
ofjudges
Senatecanapprove
treatiesand
presidential
appointments
Canprovideorrefuse
toprovidefunds
requestedbythe
president
Representationofall
statesbaseduponI
equalityand
population
(bicameral)checks
thefederalsystem
Thecongress
providesthemilitary
forceeventhoughthe
presidentis
commanderand
chief.
Regulatesinterstate
trade

Executive
1. Powertoexecuteor
enforcethelaws
2. Abletovetoor
executelaws
Negotiateforeigntreatieswith
othercountries.
Appointfederaljudgesand
supremecourtjustices
3. Grantpardons
4. Canrecommend
legislations

Judicial

powertojudgeand
interpretthelaws
judgesarenominated
forlife(iftheyare
federal),fromfree
executivecontrol
courtsmaydeclare
executiveactionsto
beunconstitutional
Courtsmaydeclare
actsofCongressto
beunconstitutional
involves
judicial
review
thepowerof
acourttodetermine
theconstitutionalityof
agovernmental
action

FirstSevenArticlesoftheConstitution

Article

SubstanceofArticle

Createsthelegislativebranchofgovernment

II

Createstheexecutivebranchofgovernment

III

Createsthejudicialbranchofgovernment

IV

Relationsbetweenthenationalgovernmentandthestates(andthestates
betweenthestates)

AmendmentProcess

VI

Setsthesupremacyofthenationalgovernmentoverthestate

VII

RatificationoftheConstitution

TheBillofRightsTheFirstTenAmendmentsofthe
Constitution

Amendment

SubstanceofAmendment

1st

Freedomofspeech

2nd

Righttobeararms

3rd

Soldierscantliveinanyhomewithouttheownersconsent

4th

Citizenshavetherighttobesafeintheirownhomes,theirownbelongings

5th

Trialandpunishment,compensationfortakings

6th

Righttoaspeedyandpublictrial

7th

Rightoftrialbyjury

8th

Excessivebailorfinecannotberequired.Nocruelorunusualpunishmentis
allowed.

9th

thegovernmentcannottakeawaytheunwrittenrightsofthepeople.

10tht

thepowersnotheldbythebranchesofgovernmentarereservedforthe
people.

Amendments1127oftheConstitution

Amendment

SubstanceofAmendment

11th

ImmunityofStatesfromcertainlawsuits

12th

Changesinelectoralcollegeprocedures

13th

AbolishedSlavery

14th

Citizenship,dueprocess,equalprotection

15th

Nodenialofvotebecauseofrace,color,orpreviousenslavement

16th

PowerofCongresstotaxincomes

17th

PopularelectionofU.S.Senators

18th

Prohibitionofalcohol

19th

WomanSuffrage

20th

ChangeofdatesforstartofpresidentialandCongressionalterms

21st

RepealofProhibition(18thAmendment)

22nd

Limitonpresidentialterms

23rd

DistrictofColumbiavoteinpresidentialelections

24th

Banoftaxpaymentasvoterqualification

25th

Presidentialsuccession,vicepresidentialvacancy,andpresidential
disability

26th

VotingAgeof18

27th

CongressionalPay