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ARTICLE

PRESENTATION
On

Breast
Engorgement

SOURCE OF ARTICLES

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NURSING


EDUCATION
ISSN-09749349(print)
VOLUME5(NUMBER2)

RESEARCH TITLE
AssessmentofKnowledgeofPostnatal
MothersRegardingBreastEngorgement

RESOURCE PERSONSPoonam Sharma, AssistantProfessor,Institute


ofNursingEducation,GuruTegBhadurSahib
Hospital,Ludhiana,Punjab,India

Study statement

AStudytoAssessKnowledgeof
PostnatalMothersRegardingBreast
Engorgement

INTRODUCTION
Breast engorgement is the common breast complication of
puerperium. It is due to exaggerated normal venous and lymphatic
engorgement of the breast which precedes lactation. This in turn
preventsescapeofmilkfromthelactealsystem.Breastengorgement
usuallyoccursduring1stweekofpostpartumwhichischaracterized
by low grade fever, it is usually bilateral, the breast feels warm to
touchandappearsshiny,painandfeelingoftensenessorheaviness
in the breasts, generalized malaise and painful breast feeding.
Causes for engorgement can be hyperlactation , nipple conditions,
infrequent feeding and incorrect position of baby. Mastitis and
breastabscessarethecommoncomplicationofengorgement.

OBJECTIVES

Toassesstheknowledgeofpostnatalmothersregardingbreast
engorgement.

To ascertain the relationship of knowledge of postnatal


mothers with selected variables like age, education, gravida,
typeofdelivery,sourceofinformation.

To assess the deficit areas of knowledge and prepare the


guidelines for postnatal mothers regarding prevention of
breastengorgement.

THEORETICHEORETICAL FRAME WORK


AL FRAME
THEORETICAL FRAME WORK
*********************

LITERATURE REVIEW
************
INCLUSION CRITERIA
***********

EXCLUSION CRITERIA
***********

MATERIAL AND METHOD

An Exploratory approach was used in the study using


purposivesamplingtechnique,samplesizewas100.Datawas
collected by questionnaire. Descriptive and Inferential
statistics were employed to analyze the data. Pie and Bar
diagramswereusedtodepictthefindings

Findings of the Study


Findings related to knowledge of
postnatal mothers regarding breast
engorgement.
Majority of postnatal mothers (52%) had
average knowledge regarding breast
engorgement.

Findings related to the relationship of knowledge of


postnatal mothers with selected variables like age,
education, gravida, type of delivery, source of information.

Meanknowledgescorewashighest(24.58)intheagegroup
of 26-30 years and least in age group < 20 (18.50).Age had
noimpactonknowledgeofpostnatalmothers.

Meanknowledgescorewashighest(25.20)amonggraduate
and post-graduate mothers and least in education level
primary to middle (19). Education had impact on knowledge
ofpostnatalmothers.

Mean knowledge score was highest (29.00) among four or


above gravida mothers and least in first gravida mothers
(21.91). Gravida had no impact on knowledge of postnatal
mothers.

Meanknowledgescorewashighest(24.27)amongmothers
with LSCS and least in mothers with NVD (21.62). Type of
Deliveryhadnoimpactonknowledgeofpostnatalmothers.

Mean knowledge score was highest (24.13)


among mothers having relative and friends as
sourceofinformationandleastinmediaassource
of information (21.22). Source of Information had
noimpactonknowledgeofpostnatalmothers.

Findings realted to deficit area of knowledge and


preparation of the guidelines for postnatal mothers
regarding prevention of breast engorgement.

Mean percentage and rank order of knowledge score was


highestinsymptoms(64.16%andrank1st)andlowestinarea
of factors leading to breast engorgement (42.62% and rank
5th).

CONCLUSION

In the study majority of postnatal mothers had average


knowledge regarding breast engorgement. In sociodemographic factors education was found to be significantly
related and other factors were not found to be significantly
related to knowledge of postnatal mothers.The major deficit
areas of the study are factors leading to breast engorgement,
management of breast engorgement and prevention of breast
engorgement.