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# Boy

Boy
Boy
Boy
Boy
Boy
Boy
Girl
Girl
Girl
Girl
Girl
Girl
Girl

Project-Based Class
Question 1
I enjoy physical education class
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
4
4

Boy
Boy
Boy
Boy
Boy
Boy
Boy
Girl
Girl
Girl
Girl
Girl
Girl
Girl

Question 2
I enjoy the activities physical education class
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
4

Ques
I enjoy physical
Boy
Boy
Boy
Boy
Boy
Boy
Boy
Girl
Girl
Girl
Girl
Girl
Girl

Ques
I enjoy the activities ph
Boy
Boy
Boy
Boy
Boy
Boy
Boy
Girl
Girl
Girl
Girl
Girl
Girl

## statement 1: entire group analysis

t-Test: Two-Sample Assuming Equal Variances
pbl group
control (note control had a higher average!)
PBL
Control
Mean
3.2857142857 3.384615385 averages
st dev
Variance
0.2197802198 0.756410256
0.468807231
Observations
14
13

## Pooled Varian 0.4773626374

Hypothesized
0
df
25
t Stat
-0.3716470731
P(T<=t) one-ta 0.3566435108
t Critical one-t 1.7081407613
P(T<=t) two-ta 0.7132870216
t Critical two-t 2.0595385528
**The two sets of data are considered to be

degrees of freedom
calculated value of the statistic

## critical value of the statistic

statistically similar.

## statement 2: entire group analysis

t-Test: Two-Sample Assuming Equal Variances
pbl group
control
PBL
Control
Mean
3.0714285714 3.384615385 averagesnote control has a higher average
Variance
0.0714285714 0.58974359
0.267261242
Observations
14
13
Pooled Varian 0.3202197802
Hypothesized
0
df
25
t Stat
-1.4369220263
calculated value of the statistic
P(T<=t) one-ta 0.081569185
t Critical one-t 1.7081407613
P(T<=t) two-ta 0.1631383699
t Critical two-t 2.0595385528
critical value of the statistics
**The two sets of data are again considered to be statistically similar.
statement 1 analysis females
t-Test: Two-Sample Assuming Equal Variances
pbl group
control
PBL
Control
Mean
3.2857142857
3 averages
Variance
0.2380952381
1.2
Observations
7
6
Pooled Varian 0.6753246753
Hypothesized
0
df
11
degrees of freedom
t Stat
0.6249260311
calculated value
P(T<=t) one-ta 0.2723823566
t Critical one-t 1.7958848187
P(T<=t) two-ta 0.5447647132
t Critical two-t 2.2009851601
critical value

## **no significant difference is noted

statement 1 analysis males
t-Test: Two-Sample Assuming Equal Variances
pbl
control
PBL
Control
Mean
3.2857142857 3.714285714 averages
Variance
0.2380952381 0.238095238
Observations
7
7
Pooled Varian 0.2380952381
Hypothesized
0
df
12
degrees of freedom
t Stat
-1.6431676725
calculated value
P(T<=t) one-ta 0.0631369441
t Critical one-t 1.7822875556
P(T<=t) two-ta 0.1262738882
t Critical two-t 2.1788128297
critical value
**no significant difference is notedbut look how the males in the
control are more positive.but no significantly so. This might though
be a clue about something..see what I mean?
statement 2 analysis females
t-Test: Two-Sample Assuming Equal Variances
pbl group
control
PBL
Control
Mean
3.1428571429 3.333333333 averages
Variance
0.1428571429 0.666666667
Observations
7
6
Pooled Varian
0.380952381
Hypothesized
0
df
11
degrees of freedom
t Stat
-0.5547001962
calculated value
P(T<=t) one-ta 0.2951000408
t Critical one-t 1.7958848187
P(T<=t) two-ta 0.5902000816
t Critical two-t 2.2009851601
critical value
**again the two sets of scores are considered to be statistically similar.
statement 2 analysis: males
t-Test: Two-Sample Assuming Equal Variances

pbl group
PBL

control
Control
Mean
3 3.333333333 averages
Variance
0 0.666666667
Observations
7
6
Pooled Varian
0.303030303
Hypothesized
0
df
11
degrees of freedom
t Stat
-1.0884003788
calculated value of the statistic
P(T<=t) one-ta 0.1498449741
t Critical one-t 1.7958848187
P(T<=t) two-ta 0.2996899481
t Critical two-t 2.2009851601
critical value of the statistic
**again the two sets of scores are considered to be statistically similar
and no significant difference was noted.

Question 1
I enjoy physical education class
3
3
4
4
4
4
4
1
4
4
3
3
3

Question 2
enjoy the activities physical education class
2
3
3
4
4
4
4
2
3
3
4
4
4

st dev
0.8697184926

s a higher average
0.7679476478 standard deviations

st dev
0.4879500365 1.095445115

st dev
0.4879500365 0.487950036

st dev
0.377964473 0.816496581

st dev
0 0.816496581

Test Score
Student
Sex
out of 24
1
M
21
2
M
20
3
M
20
4
M
20
5
M
22
6
M
19
7
M
12
8
F
22
9
F
23
10
F
23
11
F
22
12
F
12
13
F
23
Averagle

Total
M
F

19.9
19.1
20.8

Project-Based Class
Student
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Averagle

Project-Based Class
Test Score
Sex
out of 24
M
23
M
17
M
18
M
16
M
20
M
21
M
22
F
23
F
16
F
24
F
21
F
23
F
20
F
22
Total
20.4
M
19.6
F
21.3

## achievement analysis--entire group

t-Test: Two-Sample Assuming Equal Variances
pbl group
Variable 1
Mean
20.42857143
Variance
7.340659341
Observations
14
Pooled Variance 10.57406593
Hypothesized Mea
0
df
25
t Stat
0.403598222
P(T<=t) one-tail 0.344969807
t Critical one-tail 1.708140761
P(T<=t) two-tail 0.689939613
t Critical two-tail 2.059538553
*What this means is that the two sets of test score
similar. Therefore, it didn't seem as though PBL ma

achievement analysis--females
t-Test: Two-Sample Assuming Equal Variances
pbl group
Variable 1
Mean
21.28571429
Variance
7.238095238
Observations
7
Pooled Variance 12.56926407
Hypothesized Mea
0
df
11
t Stat
0.229351906
P(T<=t) one-tail 0.411402048
t Critical one-tail 1.795884819
P(T<=t) two-tail 0.822804097
t Critical two-tail 2.20098516
**The results again indicate that there is no signific
in the two sets of scores. Scores of both groups we
statistically similar.
achievement analysis--males
t-Test: Two-Sample Assuming Equal Variances

pbl
Variable 1
Mean
19.57142857
Variance
6.952380952
Observations
7
Pooled Variance 8.880952381
Hypothesized Mea
0
df
12
t Stat
0.269046574
P(T<=t) one-tail 0.396231938
t Critical one-tail 1.782287556
P(T<=t) two-tail 0.792463876
t Critical two-tail 2.17881283
**The same conclusion can be made for males.

--entire group
suming Equal Variances
control
Variable 2
19.92307692 averages--report to 2 decimal places
14.07692308
13

st dev
2.709365118

degrees of freedom
calculated value of the statistic

critical value
hat the two sets of test scores are statistically
didn't seem as though PBL made a difference.

--females
suming Equal Variances
control
Variable 2
20.83333333
18.96666667 averages
6

degrees of freedom
calculated value of the statistic

## critical value of the statistic

dicate that there is no significant difference
es. Scores of both groups were considered

## suming Equal Variances

st dev
2.690370837

control
Variable 2
19.14285714 averages
10.80952381
7

degrees of freedom
calculated value of the statistic

## critical value of the statistic

n can be made for males.

st dev
2.6367368

3.751922584

4.355073669

3.287784027