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Period 8: 1945 - 1980

APUSHReview.com
(Credit: Adam Norris)

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.

Key Concept 8.1

EQ: How did


prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

The United States responded to an uncertain and unstable


postwar world by asserting and attempting to defend a
position of global leadership, with far-reaching domestic and
international consequences.

Big Idea Questions:


What were different ways the US sought to
contain communism, both domestically and
abroad?
How did independence movements throughout the
world affect the Cold War?
How did the Vietnam War impact domestic life?

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.
EQ: How did
prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

Conflict after
World War II

05 Cold War
The Cold War
Tension and non-military conflict (no direct conflict
anyway) between the US and Soviet Union
Neither nation directly confronted the other on
the battlefield
Dominated global affairs and US foreign policy from
1945-1991

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.
EQ: How did
prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

Capitalism vs.
Communism
COMMUNISM

CAPITALISM

economic system that is


based on private
ownership of the means
of production

Econ and political system


based on gov ownership
of means of production

creation of goods or
services is for the
common welfare

creation of goods or
services is for individual
profit.

usually occurs in a
democracy or republic

Ex: U.S., Britain, France

Usually produces a
dictatorship with only
1 party

Example: Soviet Russia

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.
EQ: How did
prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

Post-WWII
Events
Britain, France & U.S. controlled Western Europe
Result of victories following D-Day

Soviet Union (Russia) controlled Eastern Europe


Result of successfully pushing Nazis out of Poland

At the end of the war Germany was divided into four


zones
English, U.S., French, Russian

Although Soviet troops occupied much of Eastern


Europe, Stalin promised to hold free elections as soon
as possible.

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.
EQ: How did
prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

Post-WWII Events A
Broken Promise
It took Stalin very little time
to break his promise.
A freely elected government
in any of the Eastern European
countries would be anti-Soviet and that we cannot allow. - Joseph Stalin
By 1948, Communists controlled the governments of every Eastern
European country.

These countries became satellite nations, nations that were


dominated politically and economically by a more powerful
nations.
Citizens who protested were imprisoned or killed.

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.

Key Concept 8.1, I

EQ: How did


prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

After World War II, the United States sought to stem the
growth of Communist military power and ideological influence,
create a stable global economy, and build an international
security system.
A: US foreign policy was based on:
Collective Security:
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) - an attack on
one country was an attack on all
Military alliance formed in 1949
Bringing West Germany into NATO in 1955 helped
start the Warsaw Pact.

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.

Key Concept 8.1, I

EQ: How did


prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.

Key Concept 8.1, I

EQ: How did


prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

After World War II, the United States sought to stem the
growth of Communist military power and ideological influence,
create a stable global economy, and build an international
security system.
A: US foreign policy was based on:
Multilateral economic framework that bolstered nonCommunist nations:
Marshall Plan - provided billions of $ to Europe to rebuild
war-torn countries
Truman Doctrine - $400 million in military aid to Greece
and Turkey

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.

Key Concept 8.1, I

EQ: How did


prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

End Day 1

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.

Key Concept 8.1, I

EQ: How did


prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

B: US contained communism through:


Military engagements in Korea and Vietnam:
Domino theory - fear if one country became communist,
then surrounding countries would

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.

Key Concept 8.1, I

EQ: How did


prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.
EQ: How did
prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

Key Concept 8.1, I

B: US contained communism through:


Massive Retaliation:
The US would respond with more force if attacked
MAD Mutually Assured Destruction
The Ron Burgundy, That escalated quickly.

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.

Key Concept 8.1, I

EQ: How did


prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

B: US contained communism through:


Space Race:
Reaction to Sputnik (1957) and Yuri Gagarin (1961)
US built up space program AND education in the US
Heavy emphasis on math and science

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.

Key Concept 8.1, I

EQ: How did


prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.

Key Concept 8.1, I

EQ: How did


prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

C: Cold War fluctuated between direct and indirect military


confrontations:
Cuban Missile Crisis:
13 days in October, 1962
Closest the US and Soviet Union came to war

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.

Key Concept 8.1, I

EQ: How did


prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.
EQ: How did
prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

Key Concept 8.1, I

C: Cold War fluctuated between direct and indirect military


confrontations:
Detente: easing of tensions between superpowers
SALT (Strategic Arms Limitation Talks) -> Treaties:
Began with Nixons administration and continued
through Carters
Agreements to limit certain arms

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.

Key Concept 8.1, I

EQ: How did


prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

End Day 2

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.

Key Concept 8.1, II

EQ: How did


prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

As the United States focused on containing communism, it


faced increasingly complex foreign policy issues, including
decolonization, shifting international alignments and regional
conflicts, and global economic and environmental changes.
A: Impacts of postwar decolonization movements in Asia,
Africa, and the Middle East:
US and USSR sought allies among the new nations,
although many remained neutral
The US immediately recognized Israel in 1948
Many revolutions were seen as pawns of the Soviet Union

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.

Key Concept 8.1, II

EQ: How did


prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.

Key Concept 8.1, II

EQ: How did


prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

B: Cold War in Latin America:


US supported non-communist regimes with
varying levels of commitment to democracy.
1954 - overthrow of Arbenz in Guatemala
He was democratically elected and
nationalized land owned by the United Fruit
Company
He was replaced with a military dictator,
Armas

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.
EQ: How did
prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

Key Concept 8.1, II

C: US involvement in the Middle East was shaped by Ideological,


military, and economic concerns
Suez Crisis - Nasser of Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal, Britain
and France attacked
The US helped end the conflict -> fear the Soviets would get
involved

Eisenhower Doctrine - a country could request American


economic assistance and/or aid from U.S. military forces if it
was being threatened by armed aggression from another state.

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.
EQ: How did
prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

Key Concept 8.1, II

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.

Key Concept 8.1, II

EQ: How did


prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

C: US involvement in the Middle East was shaped by Ideological,


military, and economic concerns
Oil crises helped initiate attempts at creating a national energy
policy
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC):
Cartel formed by mostly Middle Eastern countries to control
the supply of oil
After the US supported Israel in 1973 (Yom Kippur War), OPEC
placed an oil embargo on the US, drastically raising gas
prices

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.

Key Concept 8.1, III

EQ: How did


prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

Cold War policies led to continued public debates over the power of the federal
government, acceptable means for pursuing international and domestic goals, and
the proper balance between liberty and order.
A: Debates over methods to root out domestic Communists:
Trumans Executive Order 9835 - Loyalty Oath for Federal employees
2nd Red Scare (1947 1957):
HUAC (House Un-American Activities Committee)
The Hollywood Ten / Blacklisting
McCarthyism (1950 to 1954)

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.

Key Concept 8.1, III

EQ: How did


prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.

Key Concept 8.1, III

EQ: How did


prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.

Key Concept 8.1, III

EQ: How did


prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

End Day 3

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.

Key Concept 8.1, III

EQ: How did


prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

A: Debates over methods to root out domestic Communists:


Both political parties supported containing Communism
Eisenhower (R) in Iran and Guatemala
Truman in Korea (D) and LBJ (D) in Vietnam

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.

Key Concept 8.1, III

EQ: How did


prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

B: Domestic opposition to wars:


The Korean War produced only minor opposition
Vietnam saw violent protests that increased as the war went on
Especially after the Tet Offensive (January 1968)
Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) - used violence as time
went on to protest
Kent-State Protests (May, 1970) - reaction to Cambodia Bombings

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.

Key Concept 8.1, III

EQ: How did


prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.

Key Concept 8.1, III

EQ: How did


prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

C: Americans began to debate:


The merits of a large nuclear arsenal
The military-industrial complex
Buildup of military and industries throughout the US
Eisenhower warned of this in his farewell address
Power of executive branch in foreign and military policy
Congress reversed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution with
the War Powers Act

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.

Key Concept 8.1, III

EQ: How did


prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.

Key Concept 8.1, III

EQ: How did


prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

SWBAT analyze
content from
APUSH Key concept
8.1 The United
States responded
to an uncertain &
unstable postwar
world by asserting
and attempting to
defend a position
of global
leadership, with
far-reaching
domestic and
international
consequences.

Test Tips

EQ: How did


prosperity and
international
responsibilities
impact the U.S.
after WWII?
Given an exit card,
100% of SWBAT
- Write a peer
evaluated ID
response
paragraph (SEEC
format): Social
and cultural

Multiple-Choice and Short Answer:


Ways the US sought to contain communism Korea and Vietnam; Marshall Plan and Truman
Doctrine
Detente
Military industrial complex
Essay Questions:
Change and Continuity post WWII
Comparing and contrasting post-WWI with post-WWII