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Hierarchic: 4 Main Ideas

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Makes Sense
Sense Strategies
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Name: LeahTabor

2008 Edwin Ellis, All Rights Reserved Published by Makes Sense Strategies, LLC, Northport, AL www.MakesSenseStrategies.com

Date:

LectureDiscussionModel

01/21/2016

Is about

Amodelthatisusedtohelpstudentsunderstandandrelatedifferentformsofknowledge.Aclosecousinofthelecture,lecturediscussioninvolvesthestudentsin
discussiontomakecertainthatthecontenthasbeenabsorbed,promotesocialinteraction,andavoidoverloadingthestudentsworkingmemories.
Main idea

Theory

Rooted in the Cognitive


Learning Theory: Social
interaction and the use
of language facilitate
knowledge construction.
This model also has
many characteristics of
Vygotskys Theory:
-ZPD
-More knowledgeable
other
-Social Interaction

Main idea

Planning

1)Identifytopic:
Choosethetopicthatyouwantto
develop
2)SpecifyLearningObjectives:
WhatdoIwantmykidstolearn
fromthis?
HowwillImakeallofthis
informationrelate?
3)StructureContent:
Thismodelrequiresalargeamount
oforganization
WhatorderdoIwanttopresentthis
information?
Clarityiskey;makesurethe
relationshipsareclear
Indirectlyassessbackground
knowledgetoensurethelessonwill
beunderstoodversusmemorized.
4)PrepareLessonIntroductions:
Criticaltohookthestudentsfromthe
beginning
Useconcreteexamplesbeforethe
lesson

Main idea

Implementation

1)ReviewandIntroduction:
Hookstudents
Informallyassesspriorknowledge
2)Presentation:
Keepitshort!
Importanttoremember:
Attentiongoessouthfast
Kidsareeasilydistracted
Workingmemoryislimited
Makesuretoaccountforallofthesethings!
3)ComprehensionMonitoring:
Informallyseeingifthekidsknowwhatsgoing
on
Askquestions
Remember:itisalmostimpossibletohave
studentsTOOinvolved
Getcreativeinhowyouaskforunderstanding!
Keepaconstantstringoffeedbackgoing
4)Integration:
Twocyclesforcheckingunderstanding:
Monitorcomprehension
Helpstudentsintegrate
Refertointro.toremindkidsofthepoint
Presentation,ComprehensionMonitoring,
Presentation,Integration
5)Closure:
Summarizeandhitkeypointsagain
Askastudentstovolunteerwhattheytookfrom
thelesson

Main idea

Assessment/Motivation

1)IncreasingMotivation:
Involvethestudents
Thismodelallowsgroupwork
andgroupdiscussion
Keepthestudentsengaged!
Dontjustlecture,makesureto
DISCUSSaswell.
2)AssessingLearning:
Assessmentsshouldinclude
specifictopicsaswellas
questionswherestudentsare
askedtocriticallythinktomake
relationshipswiththeir
knowledge
Givestudentsalistandhave
themorganizethetermsfrom
mosttoleastimportanttogage
wheretheirunderstandingison
thetopic.

So what? What is important to understand about this?

Thismodelwouldbegreattousewithreadingpassagesorwithahistorylesson:lessonsthatdonotrequiremust
practicingandmoreconnectingthedotsanddiscussion.Thismodelisprettystraightforward.