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APPENDIX

A. ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS
1. Give the pertinent chemical equations and stoichiometry in the
standardization of Na2S2O3.
2. Explain the purpose of the addition of H2SO4 and excess KI during the
standardization and why KI was added before the acid.
3. Give the pertinent chemical equations and stoichiometry in the sample
analysis.
4. Explain stepwise how I3- was produced from the dissolved O2 in the water
sample analysis.
5. Give the reason why starch was used as the indicator in this analysis and
why it was added towards the end of the titration.
6. How is this analysis (an iodometric process) different from an iodimetric
one?
7. From the calculated ppm O2, identify the degree of water pollution and
ability of the water sample source to sustain aquatic life.
8. Predict the effect, if any, of each of the following on the DO content
obtained:
a)
The water sample is made to stand overnight before analysis.
b)
MnSO4 is added and the solution made to stand for an hour before
the alkaline KI is added.
9. What are the possible sources of errors and their effect on the calculated
parameters? Rationalize.
B. GRAPHS

C. WORKING EQUATIONS

L S 2 O 2
3
O2
3
1 mol I
3 AF
2 mol S 2

I
3
3 mol

1 mol KI O3
mol KI O 3
%purity
g KI O3

100
214.001 g KI O3
M N a S O =
2

1 mol I 2
1 mol O 2
31.998 g O2 1000 mg
2 mol Mn ( OH )3
1mol I

3
1 mol I 2
1 mol O2
1g
4 mol Mn ( OH )3
2
2 mol S 2 O 3
L sample

I
1 mol 3
M N a S O V N a S O
DO=
2

RSD=

s
1000 ppt
X

CI =X

ts
n

D. CALCULATIONS
1. Standardization of Na2S2O3
2

0.1501 g KI O3

mol KI O3
99.4

100 214.001 g KI O 3
M N a S O =
2

6 mol S2

O3
2

1 mol KI O3 100
7 103 L

2. Sample Analysis

1 mol O2
31.998 g O2 1000 mg
4 mol S 2 O2

3
1 mol O 2
1g
0.2
0.01212674514 M
L
=0.3880315911 ppmO 2
1000
0.05 L
DO=
3. Relative Standard Deviation

RSD=

0.2240301436
1000 ppt=346.4101615 ppt
0.6467193185

4. Confidence Interval

CI =0.6467193185

4.30 0.2240301436
=0.6467193185 0.5561786139
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