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British Dominance

Joe Palaski

In this paper, I will analyze how Britain became dominant in the world during the
Enlightenment time period. The Enlightenment was a time of great change in Europe. Many new
ideas were proposed and there were many changings in power, both within countries and
globally. Many revolutions occurred between groups of people who had different views on how
to govern. There were many revolutions which changed the power in countries. Global power
also switched between countries. In the end, Britain came out on top. I argue that the conquest of
the British was the most influential event of the Enlightenment. I will prove this by evaluating
the power of Britains navy, discussing Britains union with Scotland, and talking about the many
colonies that Britain set up all over the world.
First, I will prove how Britains navy impacted their dominance. Britains fleet was the
most powerful in the world during the Enlightenment. As a result, they were quite often
successful when it came to naval battles. Nationalinterest.org states, As the navy of an island
nation, the Royal Navy was essential in securing the sea lanes to the UKs overseas colonies,
particularly those in North America, India, and Africa. The British fleet played a very important
role in the expanding of the British Empire. They were able to conquer many lands with the help
of its navy. Having a powerful navy also proved important for the maintaining of the colonies.
Without this navy, Britain may not have been able to conquer and maintain as many lands or win
as many battles, all of which aided in their global power.

Next, I will prove that Britains Union with Scotland played an important role in the
success of Britain. In 1707, Britain and its neighbor in the north, Scotland, joined together to
form one nation. This union brought new economic advantages to both countries.
Britannica.com states, The two kingdoms were to be united, the Protestant succession was
adopted, and trade was to be free and equal throughout Great Britain and its dominions. The
union allowed free trade for farmers and merchants which expanded their horizons of trade and
brought in more money. This helped Britain to become a global power because they always
needed money. Britain took part in many wars and wars create a lot of expenses. The money that
Scotland brought in through trade was put to good use. Money could also be used to pay soldiers.
Soldiers and other military members were very important at the time because Britain was, for the
most part, always at war somewhere in the world. This union proved to be beneficial to both
countries.

Finally, I will prove how Britains colonies all over the world added to their global power.
Britain had so many colonies because of the superior fleet they had. Britain wanted more
resources from around the world, so they conquered many foreign lands. They could then sell the
goods that were brought back to Britain to make money. Also, since they controlled the lands
where the goods were coming from, they had a monopoly. Money played a huge factor in the
success of the British. Money allowed them to go on adventures to foreign lands so they could
claim them for Britain. Money also payed soldiers who fought to create and protect the many
British colonies. Without money, the British Empire would not have been as big as it was.
Newsflashenglish.com states, It was said the sun never sets on the British Empire because its
span across the globe ensured that the sun was always shining on at least one of its numerous

colonies or subject nations. This statement encompasses and fully exemplifies truly how large
the British Empire was. The vast number of colonies added to the power Britain gained during
the Enlightenment.
In conclusion, Britain became a worldly power during the Enlightenment for many
reasons. Their powerful fleet helped them to conquer many foreign lands. Their fleet also aided
them in being on the winning side in many battles. Britains union with Scotland helped them to
expand their trade markets which brought in more money. Since Britain established many
colonies throughout the world, they were able to bring in more money from the goods that they
got from the colonies. During the Enlightenment, British rose past France to gain global power.
They were able to have monopolies on the goods they got from their colonies. Their global
dominance lasted for a few more centuries because of all the monopolies, power, and money they
had and because of their stellar navy.