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10/4/2016

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MalikaElKhaldii

PATNAT
GIANTSNET.COM SAMEDI9AVRIL2016

SamaraHouda
HoudaAssoil

26min

49min

IPAddressInternet
publicIPAddressIPv4
ISPpublicipNATNetworkAddressTranslation
PublicIP
.IPNetworkAddressTranslation
NAT
.firewallGateways

NAT(NetworkAddressTranslation):estuntechniquequipermettelatranslationdes
addressesipprivsendesadressesippublic.

Explication:

Dabakifmakat3rfofunrseaulocal(LAN)kansta3mlojusteles@IPprives,hadles
@IPpriveshomades@IPnonroutableentrelesrouteursdyalFAI

Ya3nimaymknchYkharjomenLAN

Rappel:lesorganismesdarodesplagespourles@IPprivesdanschaqueclasse:

classea: 10.0.0.0 10.255.255.255


classeb: 172.16.0.0 172.31.255.255
classec: 192.168.0.0 192.168.255.255

C't'adireilakontifunreseaulocaltupeuxutilisern'importequelle@IPmenhadles
plagesmaisimpossibledeseconnectel'internet..pourqoui?

anangolik3lach,hitlesFAIdayrindesACLflesrouteursdyalhomlihomadebordure
desacceslistlikatman3AY@IPmenhadlesplage,cpourcelahomanonroutable(
Ya3nimaykhrjoch)

https://www.facebook.com/notes/giantsnetcom/%D8%B4%D8%B1%D8%ADnat%D9%88pat%D8%A8%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%B1

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10/4/2016

NATPAT
DonclasolutionhiaNAT

AlorshadNATtaymknlinamentraductiond'un@IPprivelune@IPpublic

ily'a3mthodePourfairecettetechniqueNAT

*NATSTATIC:permetdetraduireuneseule@IPpriveen@IPpublic

Doncilkan3andnaunserveurwebdonckhasnadarorindiroNAThitkhasodimaYkon
conncte,walakinilakan3andna100userrahkhasskolawa7dfihom@IPpublicdonc9adia
ghalyabazaf

hitkolawa7datchrilih@IPpiblicdyalokhassa

*NATDYNAMIQUE:ila3andnamatalanbazafdnasskhashomytconctaw3labradrseauLAN
,FHnahadmthodekat3tmd3lalesPoolYa3ninasta3mlowahdPoolf@IPprivesm3a
Pool@IPPublic

maismochkillikaynparexp3andna:

PlageLAN: 192.168.1.1 > 192.168.1.10


Et
Plage@IPPublic: 83.21.22.1 > 83.21.22.5

Donchena3ndna10dnasskhashomyatocnctawwlakinfplagelicherinamen3andFAI
3andnaghi5@IPpublicdonc5lighadiyatconctawwlib9aAytsanahatatkhawachi@IP

*PAT:

PAT(Portadressetranslation):hadtar9ahyalaplusefficacewmaghalyache..onvafaire
latraductiond'unepoold@IPprive(plusieurs)enuneseuleadressepublic!

Hadtari9a7elatnalmachakildyal<lecot>&<l'attendligolna9ebila>,maishad
tarii9autiledyalhac'quebassurlesportsdyallesmachineslocauxdekchi3alch
smwaha"portadressetranslation"COMMENT???

GolnadjakePATkaymkenmantraductiondyalpoold'adressepriveenuneseuleadresse
public

unExp:

unclientdemandeftpetfnafsswa9tunautreclienttlabhttp.
Doncmeninghaditkonlademanderaj3adakrouteurliaydirlenat(fhadlecaslihowa
PAT)ghadivrifilesadressesip,ghadiyl9ahemb7alb7al(hitrahghiadressewehda

hyaliateste3melflacommunicationaveclereseauexterne),alorsghadiyemchiychoufle
numrodeportassocilhadlamachine..

Rappel:lesnumdeportskaynn65536:man11024sontrservpourlesapplicationset
servicesconnu(ftp,http,dns.....)

ETde1024>65536chaquemachinekatakhednumroalatoire.DonclePATsebasesurle
numdeprotdelamachine

RESUME:

https://www.facebook.com/notes/giantsnetcom/%D8%B4%D8%B1%D8%ADnat%D9%88pat%D8%A8%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%B1

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10/4/2016

NATPAT
NATstatic:@IPprive==>@IPpublicfixe(serveurparex)
NATdynamquie:poold'@IPprive==>poold@public
PAT:poold'@IPprive==>seuleadressepublic

Jaime

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