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Hierarchic: 4 Main Ideas

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Makes Sense
Sense Strategies
Strategies
Makes

Name:

2008 Edwin Ellis, All Rights Reserved Published by Makes Sense Strategies, LLC, Northport, AL www.MakesSenseStrategies.com

Date: January21,2016

AnnaHaynie

DirectInstructionalModel

Isabout
..

Amodelthatteachersusetodemonstrateandexplaininformationandtocombinewiththestudentspracticesandfeedbacktohelpthe
learnersacquireahigherknowledgeandskillsfortheirlatereducation.
Mainidea

Theoretical
Foundation
Emphasisonthinkingand
understanding
Increasesstudentmotivation
Focusonthelowachievers
andstudentswith
exceptionalities
Helpsattainskillsforslower
learningstudents
Teachersdemonstrateand
explaininformationtolaterbe
abletocombinewiththe
studentspracticesand
feedback.
Laterbeabletoacquirehigher
knowledgeandskills

Mainidea

Planning

Identifytopics:Onceyou
identifythemaintopics,follow
thestepsandordersofthe
proceduralskills.
Specifylearningobjectives:
developingthorough
understandingofknowledge
thatprovidesafoundationof
knowledge.
Selectexamplesand
problems:exampleshelpthe
studentsunderstandtheskill
andproblemshelpstudents
practicetodevelopabetter
understandingandretainthe
informationlonger.

Mainidea

Implementing

Modeltheprocess,studentspractice
methodsandincludefeedbackand
support
Repeatedprocessandwhensatisfied
thestudentscouldpreformontheirown,
thenpracticeindependentlyontheir
own
IntroductionandReview:Grab
attentionofstudentsandensurethe
understandingofpriorknowledgeof
skills.Example:Realworldproblems
andaddingthempersonallytothe
lesson.
Presentation:Developathorough
understandingofskills.Makeour
demonstrationsunderstandabletothe
students,connectingontheirlevelof
thinking.
GuidedPractice:Monitorthestudents
whilegivingsupport,bothusing
feedback
IndependentPractice:Eachstudent
practicesskillinclassanddo
independentlywithhomeworkonce
teacherseestheyaresuccessfulinclass.

Mainidea

Assessing/Motivation

Assessing:
Understandingandskills
Memorizingissometimes
usedratherthangenuine
understanding
Judgingcarefullytoselected
problemsforassessment
Motivation
Bywordingproblems
differentlytohelpthestudents
betterunderstandthequestions
Usetoolsinterestingto
students(example:using
balloonsorotherhandson
activities)forlessons
Givebetterunderstandings,so
studentsdontmemorize
matteandactuallyunderstand

Sowhat?Whatisimportanttounderstandaboutthis?
TheDirectInstructionalModelfocusesontheoverallthinkingandunderstandingprocessesstudentsencounterduringaparticularlesson.Theteachermust
gothroughafewsteps,suchasplanningouttheimportanttopics,implementingbyintroduction,presentation,guidedpractice,andindependentpractice.In
theendtobeabletoassestheoverallunderstandingandskillstobeabletoknowandnotmemorizetheinformationgiven.