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Choose Your Aquarium Type

A q u a r iu m s
F re s h w a te r
C o ld w a t e r

S a lt w a t e r

T r o p ic a l

A g g r e s s iv e

R eef Tank

B r a c k is h

F i s h O n ly

C o m m u n ity

The specific aquarium setup will depend upon the


requirements of the species you choose.

Choose Your Aquarium Type

Choose Your Aquarium Type

Choose Your Aquarium Type

Basic Needs
Appropriate
enclosure/housing
Nutrition
Hygiene
Enrichment

Enclosure Components

Tank
Stand/Canopy
Lid/condenser
Lights
Temperature
Control

Environmental
Enrichment
Filtration
Location
Water Quality

Enclosure Components: Tank


Consider:
Size
Shape
Materials
Convenience
Aesthetics

Enclosure Components: Tank

Enclosure Components:
Lid/Condenser
Why?
Keeps fish from
jumping out
Prevents
evaporation
Protects lights

Enclosure Components: Lighting


Why?
Plant Growth
Coral Growth
Visualizing the
Fish
Fish health

Enclosure Components: Lighting


Considerations:
Fixtures
Ballast
Wavelength
Light Intensity
Reflectors
Photoperiod (12 hours)

Enclosure Components:
Temperature Regulation
How?
Heaters
Chillers
Fans
Ventilation

Enclosure Components:
Environmental Enrichment
Why?
Evasion
Breeding
Quality of
life
Express
Personality

Enclosure Components:
Environmental Enrichment
Types:
Wood
Rocks
Substrate
Plants

Enclosure Components: Plants


Why?
Oxygenatio
n
Waste
removal
Protection

Filtration Systems
Filtration
:

Mechanical

Biological

Chemical

Types:

Wool, sponge

Ceramics,
sponges, rocks
(SURFACE
AREA!!)

Charcoal,
zeolite

Purpose: Remove large


particulate
waste

Removes fish
waste products

Removes
odors,
discoloration,
toxins, and
some waste
products

Filtration Systems
Considerations
Tank size
Stocking
capacity
Water flow
Breeding
Aeration

Filtration Systems

Filtration Systems

Filtration Systems
Protein Skimmer: Removes organic
material from marine systems

Filtration Systems
Underground
filter:
biological and
mechanical

Enclosure Components:
Location
Avoid:
windows/direct
sunlight
drafty doors or
fireplaces
vibrations/sharp
noises

Water Composition: Water


Testing

Water Composition: Stock Water


Know what is in your stock water
Test periodically
Alternatives available

Test for:
Chlorines
Copper
pH
Hardness

Water Composition: Testing


Fresh Water:
pH
Ammonia
Nitrite
Nitrate

Salt Water:
Salinity

Other:
Phosphate
Calcium
Strontium

Water Quality: Nitrogen Cycle

badmanstropicalfish.com (originally from www.hagen.com)

Water Quality: Nitrogen Cycle

www.cichlid-forum.com

Water Quality: Cycling A New


Tank
Purpose: grow bacteria for nitrogen cycle
Takes 4-6 weeks
Tips:
Seed the tank
Monitor values closely
Avoid water changes
Can achieve without fish

Water Changes
Why?
Dilutes waste
products
Corrects pH
imbalances
Can reduce algae
growth

Performing Water Changes


Regular water changes
2% every 2 days
4% every week
20% a month

Adding Fish: Acclimation


Temperature
Water composition
Environmental factors

How:
15-30 min. for temperature
15 minutes for water composition

Nutrition
Dry:
Flakes
Pellets
Sticks
Floating
Sinking
Wafers
Seaweed

Live/Frozen:
Blood Worms
Daphnia
Brine Shrimp
Feeder fish
Plants

Nutrition
Know your fish
Observe mouth
Use dry food as
staple
Supplement with
fresh/frozen foods
Do not overfeed

Picture from Jeremy Gays The


Perfect Aquarium

Maintenance
Daily:
Feed
Monitor
Lighting
Weekly:
Replace evaporation
Water testing
Clean algae
Empty protein
skimmer

Maintenance
Monthly:
Charcoal
replacement
Plant maintenance
Electrical Inspection
6 mos. To Yearly:
Change light bulbs

Additional Considerations
Personal Safety
Euthanasia
Environmental Impact
Veterinary Care

References
Axelrod, Herbert. Handbook of Tropical Aquarium Fishes. Neptune
City: TFH Publications. 1983.
Borneman, Eric. Aquarium Corals: Selection, Husbandry, and Natural
History. Neptune City: T.H.F. Publications. 2001.
Fenner, Robert M. The Conscientious Marine Aquarist. Neptune city:
T.F.H Publications. 2001.
Gay, Jeremy. The Perfect Aquarium: The Complete Guide to Setting
Up and Maintaining an Aquarium. New York: Readers Digest.
2005.
Hawkins, A.D. Aquarium Systems. London: Academic Press. 1981

References
Hemdal, Jay F. Aquarium Fish Breeding. New York: Barrons. 2003.
Hiscock, Peter. Encyclopedia of Aquarium Plants. New York:
Barrons. 2003
Sandford, Gina. The Tropical Aquarium. New York: Barrons. 2004.
Stoskopf, Michael. Fish Medicine. Philadelphia: W.B. Sauders Co.
1993.
Tullock, John. Water Chemistry for the Marine Aquarium. New York:
Barrons. 2002.

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