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Unintentional Injury:

Unintentional injuries are those injuries that occur without intent of harm or death. These unplanned events can include falls, motor vehicle crashes, prescription drug overdose and concussion/traumatic brain injury. Currently a public health concern, they are the leading cause of nonfatal injury for all age groups in the United States, as well as the leading cause of death nationally for individuals aged 1 to 44. (Pino, R. 2015) The number of deaths associated with all unintentional injury is 130,557 people per year. It correlates to 31 million emergency visits due to all alignments mentioned above. (CDC)

Impact on Health:

Anxiety due to traumatic experience

Serious injury

Death

Risks:

Swimming without supervision (CDC)

Riding a bike without equipment

Playing sports without proper safety equipment

Playing a sport and not following medical protocols (CDF)

Climbing or hiking (CDF)

Being in a vehicle while intoxicated (CDC)

Being in a vehicle that is speeding (CDC)

Being in a vehicle while distracted

Proper security of medication

Proper security of weapons including kitchen ware (CDF)

Proper security of matches, lighters, and ovens (CDF) Impact on academic achievements:

Lack of focus

Missing school

Protective Factors:

Parental supervision

Properly securing all unsafe objects such as guns, knives, and medication

Educating students on the risks of these protective factors

Best Practices for bike safety:

The CDC has funded a program to educate students on bike safety. Using their program will give students training on how to properly wear and use a helmet. In addition to supplying every student with one helmet. (CDC, 2011).

Citations:

(CDC, 2011). Retrieved from

http://www.cdc.gov/program/performance/fy2000plan/2000xbicycle.htm

National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, CDC. Childhood Injury Fact Sheet. www.cdc.gov/injury/index/html

Pino, R. (2015, December 08). DPH: Health Education Management & Surviellance. from http://www.ct.gov/dph/cwp/view.asp?a=3137

Protect America's Children | Children's Defense Fund | CDF. Retrieved from. http://www.childrensdefense.org/

Telljohann, S., & Symons, C. (2012). Health education: Elementary and middle school applications (7th ed., pp. 218-226). Dubuque, IA: McGraw-Hill. (218-220)

Intentional Injury:

Intentional injuries include self-inflicted and interpersonal acts of violence intended to cause harm. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there are 42,773 suicide deaths per year in the United States. Intentional injuries include Child Maltreatment, Interpersonal Violence, Suicide, and Youth Violence. (AFSP, 2014)

Impact on health:

Depression

Post traumatic stress disorder

Diabetes

Cardiovascular disease

Physical harm (ex. broken arm)

Risks:

Carried a weapon 17.5%

Carried a gun 5.9%

Were in a physical fight 31.5%

Were injured in a physical fight 3.8%

Experienced dating violence 9.8%

Were forced to have sexual intercourse 7.4%

Did not go to school because they felt unsafe 5%

Seriously considered suicide 13.8%

Attempted suicide 6.3%

Bullying (CDC)

Homicide (CDC)

Suicide

Rape

Impact on academic achievement:

Attendance problems

Frequent disciplinary acts

Failing grades in half their courses

Poor performance on standardized tests

Some students may show temporary overachievement (highly unlikely)

Protective factors:

All aspects of school are to be well supervised. (SIPP, 2015).

Implement prevention curriculum to educate students on findings and research linked to intentional injuries.

Offer outlets for students to seek if they need additional physical, mental, and emotional help

Have a procedure on how to deal with violent situations (SIPP, 2015)

Educate students, staff, and families on prevention of violence and suicide

Best practice for suicide: (Rodgers, P. 2011) Implement a school wide suicide prevention program that includes-

School wide programs that promote connectedness and emotional well-being

Policies and procedures for helping students at risk and in crisis

Postvention

Staff education and training

Parent/guardian education and outreach

Student programs

» Curricula for all students

» Skill-building for students at risk

» Peer leader programs

Screening for at-risk students

Citations:

Accidents or Unintentional Injuries. (2015). from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/accidental-injury.htm

Rodgers, P. (2011). Understanding risk and protective factors for suicide: A primer for preventing suicide. Waltham, MA: Suicide Prevention Resource Center, Education Development Center, Inc. Retrieved from http://www.sprc.org/sites/sprc.org/files/library/RandPPrimer.pdf

Statewide Injury Prevention Program (SIPP) . (2015). from http://www.healthy.arkansas.gov/contactUs/Pages/default.aspx

Suicide Statistics - AFSP. (2014). from https://afsp.org/about-suicide/suicide-statistics/

Telljohann, S., & Symons, C. (2012). Promoting an Alcohol and Other Drug-Free Lifestyle. In Health education: Elementary and middle school applications (7th ed., pp. 338-342). Dubuque, IA: McGraw-Hill.